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Lesson Code: 208_B104_080206 August 2nd 2006 / 2006ᐕ8᦬2ᣣ
104
Kanji Transcript
Kana Transcript
Rǀmaii Transcript
Translation
Vocabulary
Grammar Points
InIormal Transcript
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3
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Almost HelpIul
Beginner Lesson
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Lesson Code: 208_B104_080206 August 2nd 2006 / 2006ᐕ8᦬2ᣣ
2
ṽሼ 
ጊ᫪ ߪ޿ޔጊ᫪ߢߔޕ
೨ේ ߽ߒ߽ߒޔ೨ේߢߔߌߤޕ
ጊ᫪ ޽޽ޔߤ߁߽ޕ⑳ߪ߽߁ຠᎹߦ⌕߈߹
ߒߚ㧍ᓟߤߩߋࠄ޿ߢ⌕߈߹ߔ߆ޕ
೨ේ ታߪޔ߹ߛળ␠ߦ޿߹ߔޕ
ጊ᫪ ߃߃ޔᄢਂᄦߢߔ߆ޕ
೨ේ ߃ޔᄢਂᄦߢߔߌߤޔ߹ߛ઀੐߇ᱷߞ
ߡ޿߹ߔޕ
ጊ᫪ ᄢਂᄦߢߔޕᚻવߞߡ޽ߍ߹ߔࠃޕ
೨ේ ߃߃ޔߘࠎߥޕ޿޿ߢߔࠃޕ
ጊ᫪ ޿޿߆ࠄޕ੹߆ࠄⴕ߈߹ߔޕಽᓟߦ
⌕߈߹ߔޕ
೨ේ ޽޽ޔ޽ࠅ߇ߣ߁ߏߑ޿߹ߔޕ
ጊ᫪ ᣧߊ ઃߌ߹ߒࠂ߁ޕ઀੐ߪߤࠇߢߔ
߆ޕ
೨ේ ߪ޿ޔߎࠇߢߔޕ
ጊ᫪ ߃㧫⊖ࡍ࡯߽ࠫ޽ࠆࠎߢߔ߆ޕ޽ޔ↪
੐ࠍᕁ޿಴ߒ߹ߒߚޕߓ߾ޔᄬ␞ߒ߹
ߔޕ㗎ᒛߞߡߊߛߐ޿ޕ
೨ේ ߃߃㧫ߜࠂߞߣᓙߞߡޕ
߆ߥ߫ࠎ
߿߹߽ࠅ ߪ޿ޔ߿߹߽ࠅߢߔޕ
߹߃ߪࠄ ߽ߒ߽ߒޔ߹߃ߪࠄߢߔߌߤޕ
߿߹߽ࠅ ޽޽ޔߤ߁߽ޕࠊߚߒߪ߽߁ߒߥ߇
ࠊߦߟ߈߹ߒߚ㧍޽ߣߤߩߋࠄ޿ߢ
ߟ߈߹ߔ߆ޕ
߹߃ߪࠄ ߓߟߪޔ߹ߛ߆޿ߒ߾ߦ޿߹ߔޕ
߿߹߽ࠅ ߃߃ޔߛ޿ߓࠂ߁߱ߢߔ߆ޕ
߹߃ߪࠄ ߃ޔߛ޿ߓࠂ߁߱ߢߔߌߤޔ߹ߛߒ
ߏߣ߇ߩߎߞߡ޿߹ߔޕ
߿߹߽ࠅ ߛ޿ߓࠂ߁߱ߢߔޕߡߟߛߞߡ޽ߍ
߹ߔࠃޕ
߹߃ߪࠄ ߃߃ޔߘࠎߥޕ޿޿ߢߔࠃޕ
߿߹߽ࠅ ޿޿߆ࠄޕ޿߹߆ࠄ޿߈߹ߔޕ߲
ࠎߏߦߟ߈߹ߔޕ
߹߃ߪࠄ ޽޽ޔ޽ࠅ߇ߣ߁ߏߑ޿߹ߔޕ
߿߹߽ࠅ ߪ߿ߊ߆ߚߠߌ߹ߒࠂ߁ޕߒߏߣߪ
ߤࠇߢߔ߆ޕ
߹߃ߪࠄ ߪ޿ޔߎࠇߢߔޕ
߿߹߽ࠅ ߃㧫߭߾ߊࡍ࡯߽ࠫ޽ࠆࠎߢߔ߆ޕ
޽ޔࠃ߁ߓࠍ߅߽޿ߛߒ߹ߒߚޕߓ
߾ޔߒߟࠇ޿ߒ߹ߔޕ߇ࠎ߫ߞߡߊ
ߛߐ޿ޕ
߹߃ߪࠄ ߃߃㧫ߜࠂߞߣ߹ߞߡޕ
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Lesson Code: 208_B104_080206 August 2nd 2006 / 2006ᐕ8᦬2ᣣ
3
Vocabulary - න⺆
Kanji Kana 5ǀPDML English
߽߁ ߽߁ mǀ already
ߤ߁߽ ߤ߁߽ dǀmo hello, sorry, thank you
ຠᎹ ߒߥ߇ࠊ Shinagawa Shinagawa (place in Tokyo)
⌕ߊ ߟߊ tsuku to arrive
ᱷࠆ ߩߎࠆ nokoru to be leIt, to remain
ᱷߔ ߩߎߔ nokosu to leave, to save
ᚻવ߁ ߡߟߛ߁ tetsudau to help
ᚻࠍ⾉ߔ ߡࠍ߆ߔ te o kasu to lend a hand
ߘࠎߥ ߘࠎߥ sonna such, like that (int.)
ᕁ޿಴ߔ ߅߽޿ߛߔ omoidasu to remember
 ઃߌࠆ ߆ߚߠߌࠆ katazukeru to clean up, to take care of
Translation
Yamamori Yes, this is Yamamori.
Maehara Hello, this is Maehara.
Yamamori Ah, hello. I’ve already arrived at Shi-
nagawa. How much longer until you
arrive?
Maehara The truth is, I`m still at the oIfce.
Yamamori Huh? Are you okay?
Maehara Everything’s okay, but there is still
work remaining.
Yamamori It’s okay, I’ll help.
Maehara Huh? That`s alright.
Yamamori It’s alright. I’ll go now. I’ll be there in
30 minutes.
Maehara Thank you.
Yamamori Let’s take care of this quickly. Which is
the work?
Maehara This.
Yamamori There`s more than 100 pages! Ah, I re-
membered I have something to do! I`ll
be leaving now. Good luck!
Maehara Huh? Wait a minute!
Rǀmaii
Yamamori Hai, Yamamori desu.
Maehara Moshi moshi, Maehara desu kedo.
Yamamori Aa, dǀmo. Watashi wa mǀ Shinagawa
ni tsukimashita! Ato dono gurai de tsu-
kimasu ka?
Maehara Jitsu wa, mada kaisha ni imasu.
Yamamori E, daiiǀbu desu ka?
Maehara Ee, daiiǀbu desu kedo, mada shigoto ga
nokotte imasu.
Yamamori Daiiǀbu desu. Tetsudatte agemasu yo.
Maehara E, sonna. Ii desu yo.
Yamamori Ii kara. Ima kara ikimasu. 30 pun go ni
tsukimasu.
Maehara Aa, arigatǀ gozaimasu.
Yamamori Hayaku katazukemashǀ. Shigoto wa
dore desu ka?
Maehara Hai, kore desu.
Yamamori E? Hyaku pƝii mo aru n desu ka? A,
yǀii o omoidashimashita. Ja, shitsurei
shimasu. Ganbatte kudasai!
Maehara E? Chotto matte.
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Lesson Code: 208_B104_080206 August 2nd 2006 / 2006ᐕ8᦬2ᣣ
4
Ageru is used as an auxiliary verb with the te-Iorm oI verbs. It is used to express that someone does some-
thing as a Iavor to someone whose status is equal or close to equal to that oI the giving party. The giving
party (subiect) is marked by the particle wa, while the receiving party (indirect obiect) is marked by the
particle ni.
⑳ߪᒄ᮸ำߦ⛗ᧄࠍ⺒ࠎߢ޽ߍߚޕ
Watashi wa Hiroki-kun ni ehon o yonde ageta.
I read a picture book Ior Hiroki.
In the case that the receiving party is also the direct object, the indirect object is dropped, and the receiving
party is marked by the particle o.
⑳ߪᓐࠍᚻવߞߡ޽ߍߚޕ
Watashi wa kare o tetsudatte ageta.
I helped him.
PitIall: A common mistake Ior new learners oI Japanese is to put the frst person in the position oI indirect
obiect. Doing this would be ungrammatical, and must be avoided.
×ᓐߪ⑳ߦᚻવߞߡ޽ߍߚޕ
×Kare wa watashi ni tetsudatte ageta.
×He helped me.
PitIall 2: When the main verb is an intransitive verb, te ageru is not used. In this case, tame ni is used.
Grammar Points
InIormal
ጊ᫪ ߪ޿ޔጊ᫪ߢߔޕ
೨ේ ߽ߒ߽ߒޔ೨ේߢߔߌߤޕ
ጊ᫪ ޽޽ޔߤ߁߽ޕ⑳ߪ௢߽߁ຠᎹߦ⌕߈߹ߒߚ޿ࠆࠃ㧍ᓟߤߩߋࠄ޿ߢ⌕߈߹ߔ߆ޕ⌕ߊ㧫
೨ේ ߏ߼ࠎޕታߪߨ߹ߛળ␠ߦ޿߹ߔߥࠎߛޕ
ጊ᫪ ߃߃ޔᄢਂᄦߢߔ߆ޕ㧫
೨ේ ߃߁ࠎޔᄢਂᄦߢߔߥࠎߛߌߤޔ߹ߛߜࠂߞߣ઀੐߇ᱷߞߡ޿߹ߔߡߐ޽ޕ
ጊ᫪ ᄢਂᄦߢߔޕᚻવߞߡ޽ߍ߹ߔ޽ߍࠆࠃޕ
೨ේ ߃߃ޔߘࠎߥޕᖡ޿߆ࠄޔ޿޿ߢߔࠃޕ
ጊ᫪ ޿޿߆ࠄޕ੹߆ࠄⴕ߈߹ߔⴕߊࠃޕಽᓟߦ⌕߈߹ߔ⌕ߊ߆ࠄޕ
೨ේ ޽޽ޔ޽ࠅ߇ߣ߁ߏߑ޿߹ߔޕഥ߆ࠆޕ
ጊ᫪ ᣧߊ ઃߌ߹ߒࠂ߁ ઃߌࠃ߁ޕ઀੐ߪߤࠇߢߔ߆ޕ㧫
೨ේ ߪ޿ޔߎࠇߢߔޕ
ጊ᫪ ߃㧫⊖ࡍ࡯߽ࠫ޽ࠆࠎߢߔ߆ߩޕ
೨ේ ߘ߁ࠃޕㅏ߇ߐߥ޿ࠊࠃޕ޽ߞޔߓ߾ޔ޽ߚߒ߅ߥ߆ߔ޿ߚߏ㘵߆ࠄ㘩ߴߡߊࠆޕߜࠂߞ
ߣ߿ߞߡߡޕ
ጊ᫪ ߃߃ޔߜࠂߞߣᓙߞߡ㧍
೨ේ 㗎ᒛߞߡߨޕ