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Number system

1. When sum and difference of two numbers (X and Y) are given, then

X = (sum + difference)/2

Y = (sum + difference)/2

2. Difference between two digits of two digit number is = (Difference in original and

interchanged number)/9

Algebra

1. (a+b)2 = a2 + 2ab + b2

2. (a-b)2 = a2 - 2ab + b2

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Formulae

9. a2 -b2 = (a-b)(a+b)

11. a3 - b3 = (a-b)(a2+ab+b2)

12. am x an = am+n

13. am / an = am n

15. am / b n = am x bn

3. If two numbers are in a:b ratio and the sum of these numbers is x, then numbers will be

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Formulae

4. If three numbers are in the ratio a:b:c and the sum of these numbers is x, then these numbers

5. The ratio of two numbers is a : b. If n is added to each of these numbers, the ratio becomes c

6. The ratio of two numbers is a : b. If n is subtracted from each of these numbers, the ratio

becomes c : d. The two numbers are given as an(d-c)/(ad-bc) and bn(d-c)/(ad- bc)

respectively

7. If the ratio of two numbers is a: b, then the numbers that should be added to each of the

8. If the ratio of two numbers is a:b, then the number that should be subtracted from each of

9. The CP of the item that is cheaper is CPcheaper and the CP of the item that is costlier (dearer) is

CPDearer. The CP of unit quantity of the final mixture is called the Mean Price and is given by

=

Percentage

1. a % of b = a x b/100

x

100 x 100 %

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Formulae

x

100 x 100%

5. If two numbers are respectively x% and y% more than a third number, then first number is

100 x 100 y

100 % of the second number and the second number is 100 % of the first

100 y 100 x

number

6. If two numbers are respectively x% and y% less than a third number, then the first number

is 100 x 100 % of the second number and the second number is 100 y 100 % of the first

100 y

100 x

number

7. If the price of a commodity decreases by P %, then the increase in consumption so that the

100 %

100 P

8. If the price of a commodity increases by P%, then the reduction in consumption so that the

100 %

100 P

10. If two parameters A and B are multiplied to get a product and if A is changed by x% and

another parameter B is changed by y%, then the net% change in the product (A B) is given

[x+y+(xy/100)]%

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Formulae

11. In an examination, the minimum pass percentage is x%. If a student secures y marks and

12. If the present population of a town (or value of an item) be P and the population (or value of

item) changes at r% per annum, then population (or value of item) after n years =

n

r

P 1 and the Population (or value of item) n years ago = P

100 r

n

1

100

13. If a number A is increased successively by x% followed by y% and then by z%, then the final

value of A will be

x y z

A1 1 1

100 100 100

Averages

6. The average of first n odd numbers is given by (last odd number +1)/2

7. The average of first n even numbers is given by (last even number + 2)/2

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Formulae

11. The average of squares of squares of consecutive odd numbers till n is n(n+2)/ 3.

12. If the average of n consecutive numbers is m, then the difference between the smallest and

13. If the number of quantities in two groups be n1 and n2 and their average is x and y

14. The average of n quantities is equal to x. When a quantity is removed, the average becomes

15. The average of n quantities is equal to x. When a quantity is added, the average becomes y.

1. Gain = SP CP

2. Loss = CP - SP

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Formulae

7. When the Cost Price and Gain per cent are given:

SP = [(100+Gain %)/100] x CP

8. When the Cost Price and Loss per cent are given:

SP = [(100-Loss %)/100] x CP

9. When the Selling Price and Gain per cent are given:

CP = [100/(100+Gain %)] x SP

10. When the Selling Price and Loss per cent are given:

CP = [100/(100-Loss %)] x SP

11. When p articles are sold at the cost of q similar articles, the

Profit/Loss % = [(q-p)/p]x100

12. If two articles are sold at the same price with a profit of x % on one and a loss of x % on the

13. If two articles bought at the same price are sold with a profit of x % on one and a loss of x %

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Formulae

5. Amount, A = P + SI = P + (PTR)/100

6. If a certain sum of money becomes n times itself at R% p.a. simple interest in T years, then T

7. If a certain sum of money becomes n times itself in T years at a simple interest, then the time

then

P = (A1T2-A2T1)/(T2-T1),

9. If a certain sum of money P lent out for a certain time T amounts to A 1 at R1% per annum

P = (A2R1-A1R2)/(R1-R2)

10. Compound Interest, CI = 1 + 100

= 1+ 100

1

11. Amount, A = 1 + , if interest is payable annually

100

12. Amount, A = 1 + 100

, R= R/2, n = 2n; if interest is payable half-yearly

13. Amount, A = 1 + 100

, R= R/4, n = 4n; if interest is payable quarterly

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Formulae

3

14. When time is fraction of a year, say 44 years, then Amount,

3

4 4

A= 1+ 100

1+ 100

15. When Rates are different for different years, say, R1, R2, R3 for 1st , 2nd & 3rd years

1 2 3

respectively, then, Amount = 1 + 100

1+ 100

1+ 100

1. If 1/n of a work is done by A in one day, then A will take n days to complete the full work.

2. If A can do a piece do a piece of work in X days and B can do the same work in Y days, then

both of them working together will do the same work in XY/(X+Y) days

3. If A, B and C, while working alone, can complete a work in X, Y and Z days respectively,

4. If A does 1/nth of a work in m hours, then to complete the full work A will take nxm hours.

5. If A and B can together finish a piece of work in X days, B and C in Y days and C and A in Z

days, then

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Formulae

6. If A can finish a work in X days and B is k times efficient than A, then the time taken by both

7. If A and B working together can finish a work in X days and B is k times efficient than A,

then the time taken by A working alone to complete the work is (k+1)X and B working

3. Speed(S) = Distance(d)/Time(t)

5. When d1 = d2 , Average speed = 2S1S2/(S1+S2), where S1 and S2 are the speeds for covering d1

and d2 respectively

6. When t1 = t2 , Average speed = (S1+S2)/2, where S1 and S2 are the speeds during t1 and t2

respectively

speed of S2 kmph. If he takes T hours in all, the distance between A and B is T(S1S2/S1+S2)

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Formulae

10. When two trains of lengths l1 and l2 respectively travelling at the speeds of s1 and s2

respectively cross each other in time t, then the equation is given as s1+s2 = (l1+l2)/t

11. When a train of lengths l1 travelling at a speed s1 overtakes another train of length l2

13. When a train of lengths l travelling at a speed s crosses a pole/pillar/flag post in time t, then

14. If two persons A and B start at the same time from two points P and Q towards each other

and after crossing they take T1 and T2 hours in reaching Q and P respectively, then (As

Mensuration

Circle:

1. Diameter, D = 2r

3. Circumference = 2r units

Square:

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Formulae

5. Perimeter = 4a units

6. Diagonal, d = 2 a units

Rectangle:

9. Diagonal, d = 2 + 2 units

Scalene Triangle:

Isosceles Triangle:

12. Area = 4 42 2 sq units

Equilateral Triangle:

3 2

14. Area = 4

sq. units

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Formulae

Right-angled triangle:

Cuboid:

2 2 2

units

Cube:

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Formulae

Sphere:

29. If R and r are the external and internal radii of a spherical shell, then its Volume = 4/3[R 3-r3]

cubic units

Hemisphere:

Cylinder:

33. Curved surface Area (CSA) (excludes the areas of the top and bottom circular regions) =

34. TSA = Curved Surface Area + Areas of the top and bottom circular regions =

www.talentsprint.com 14

Formulae

Cone:

Trigonometry

Assume that:

0 < < 2 or 0 < < 90

sin = cosec =

cos = sec =

cos= cot =

tan = cot =

www.talentsprint.com 15

Formulae

3. Reciprocal Identities

1 1

sin = cosec =

1 1

cos = sec =

1 1

tan = cot =

4. Pythagorean Identities

sin2 + cos2 = 1

tan2 + 1 = sec2

1 + cot2 = cosec2

= 2 cos2 - 1

= 1 2 sin2

2

tan (2) = 1 2

1cos

(2)

sin = 2

1+cos

(2)

cos =

2

www.talentsprint.com 16

Formulae

1cos

(2)

tan = 1+cos

(2)

tan tan

tan (A B) = 1 tan tan

1

sinA sinB = [cos (A - B) cos (A + B)]

2

1

cosA cosB = 2 [cos (A - B) + cos (A + B)]

1

sinA cosB = 2 [sin (A + B) + sin (A - B)]

1

cosA sinB = 2 [sin (A + B) - sin (A - B)]

+

sinA + sinB = 2 sin ( ) cos ( )

2 2

+

sinA - sinB = 2 cos ( ) sin ( )

2 2

+

cosA + cosB = 2 cos ( 2

) cos ( 2

)

+

cosA - cosB = - 2 sin ( 2

) sin ( 2

)

Sin (2 ) = cos cos (2 ) = sin

cosec (2 ) = sec sec (2 ) = cos

tan (2 ) = cot cot (2 ) = tan

www.talentsprint.com 17

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