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Technological Institute of the Philippines

General Mathematics
Problem Set 1.1
Solve the following word problems. Show your solution and label your final answer.

1. Twelve divided by the sum of a number and 2 equals the quotient of 4 and the number reduced by 2. Find the
number.
Answer: _________________________________________________________
2. Jums can paint a room in 2 days. Janus can paint the same room in 4 days. How long would it take them to paint
the room if they work together?
Answer: _________________________________________________________
3. Rebecca can type a manuscript in 6 hours. If Jessa helps her they can type the whole manuscript in 4 hours.
How long would it take Jessa if she did all the typing alone?
Answer: _________________________________________________________
4. A swimming pool can be filled by a large pipe in 4 hours and by a small pipe in 6 hours. A third pipe can empty
the pool in 3 hours. How long would it take to fill an empty pool if all three pipes were opened at the same
time?
Answer: _________________________________________________________
5. Lina can clean the garden in 5 hours. After working alone for 2 hours, Marlou joined her. Together they finish
the job in 1 more hour. How long would it take Marlou to clean the garden alone?
Answer: _________________________________________________________
6. A police car is moving 40 kph faster than a bus. The time that it takes the bus to travel 3 km, the police car
travels 5 km. Find their speeds.
Answer: _________________________________________________________
7. Miguels car is just as fast as Joaquins. It takes Miguel 1 hour more than it takes Joaquin to driver to town. If
Miguel is 20 km from town and Joaquin is 15 km from town, how long does it take Joaquin to drive to town?
Answer: _________________________________________________________
8. Three times the reciprocal of a number equals nine times the reciprocal of six. Find the number.
Answer: _________________________________________________________
9. If twice a number added to 3 is divided by sum of a number and 1, the result is 5/2. Find the number.
Answer: _________________________________________________________
10. A number added to the product of 6 and the reciprocal of the number equals 5. Find the number.
Answer: _________________________________________________________
11. A number minus 5 times the reciprocal of the number is 4. Find the number.
Answer: _________________________________________________________
12. The sum of a number and its reciprocal is 2. Find the number.
Answer: _________________________________________________________
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13. A board of length 43 meters was cut into two pieces. If one piece is 86 meters, express the length of the
other board as a rational expression.
Answer: _________________________________________________________
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14. The length of a rectangle is +1
meters, while its width is 1 meters. Find its perimeter.
Answer: _________________________________________________________
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15. Two angels are said to be complementary if their sum is 90. If one angel measures 4 , find the measure of its
complement.
Answer: _________________________________________________________
16. The denominator of a fraction is 1 less than twice the numerator. If 7 is added to both the numerator and
denominator, the resulting fraction has a value of 7/10. Find the original fraction.
Answer: _________________________________________________________
17. One-third the reciprocal of a number is the same as 23 divided by one less than twice the number. What is the
number?
Answer: _________________________________________________________
18. Mila can type her term paper in 8 hours. What part of the term paper is finished in 3 hours?
Answer: _________________________________________________________
19. Pipe A can empty a pool in 12 hours. What part of the pool is left unfilled after 10hours?
Answer: _________________________________________________________
20. If a boy can mow a lawn in 3 hours, what part of it can he mow in 1 hour?
Answer: _________________________________________________________
21. Christopher can do a certain task in 6 hours while Edgar can do the same task in 4 hours. What part of the task is
finished after 12hours if they work together?
Answer: _________________________________________________________
22. Marissa can arrange the card catalog of the library in 8 days. Her assistant takes 12 days to do it. If they work
together, what part of the card catalog is arranged after 4 days?
Answer: _________________________________________________________
23. Marita can prepare the payroll in 6 hours. If Charles help her, they can finish it in 4 hours. How long would it
take Charles to do the job alone?
Answer: _________________________________________________________
24. An old machine can produce an order for bottle caps in 7.5 hours. A newer machine can produce the same
number of caps in 5 hours. How long would it take to fill the order using both machines?
Answer: _________________________________________________________
25. An old machine requires 3 times as many hours to complete a job as a new machine. When both machine work
together, they require 9 hours to complete a job. How many hours would it take then new machine to finish the
job alone?
Answer: _________________________________________________________
26. The MSA Printing Office has two photocopying machines. One can print 30 pages a minute and the other can
print 45 pages a minute. The MSA Review Class for UPCAT needs 1800 copies of a 5-page Dry Run Exam booklet.
(a)How long will it take each machine to print the test? (b)How long will it take the two machines to do the job
together?
Answer: _________________________________________________________
27. A carpenter works on a job for 10 days and is then joined by his helper. Together they finish the job in6 more
days. The helper could have done the job alone for 30 days. How long would it have taken the carpenter to do
the job alone?
Answer: _________________________________________________________
28. A large pipe can empty a tank in 5 minutes and a smaller pipe can empty it in 15 minutes. How long would it
take both pipes to empty the tank that is full?
Answer: _________________________________________________________
29. It takes 10 minutes to fill a bathtub and 12 minutes to drain the water out. How long would it take to fill an
empty tub if the drain was left open unknowingly?
Answer: _________________________________________________________
30. Pipe A can fill a tank in 4 hours, while pipe B can fill it in 3 hours. Pipe A is turned on to fill an empty tank, and
one hour after, pipe B is turned on. How long will pipe B run before the tank is full?
Answer: _________________________________________________________
31. A man walks 5 km in two hours and return in 2.5 hours. What is his average walking speed?
Answer: _________________________________________________________
32. A man travels a distance at an average speed of 60 kph and comeback passing the same way at an average
speed of 40 kph. Find the average speed for the entire trip? (It is not 50 kph)
Answer: _________________________________________________________
33. A cyclist makes a trip of 20 km for 2 hours. At what speed must he go on the way back to have an average of 15
kph?
Answer: _________________________________________________________
34. A backpacker hiking into a wilderness area walked 9 miles at a constant rate and then reduced his rate by 1
mph. Another 4 miles was hiked at the reduced rate. The time required to hike the last 4 miles was 1 hour less
than the time required to walk the first 9 miles. Find the rate at which the hiker walked the first 9 miles.
Answer: _________________________________________________________
35. A motorist drove 120 miles before running out of gas and walking 4 miles to a gas station. The rate of the
motorist in the car was ten times the rate walking. The time spent walking was 2 hours less than the time spent
driving. How long did it take for the motorist to drive the 120 miles?
Answer: _________________________________________________________