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Lesson Code: 261_B127_092606 September 26th 2006 / 2006ᐕ9᦬26ᣣ
127
Kanji Transcript
Kana Transcript
Rǀmaii Transcript
Translation
Vocabulary
Grammar Points
Grammar Points
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Late Night Movie
Beginner Lesson
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Lesson Code: 261_B127_092606 September 26th 2006 / 2006ᐕ9᦬26ᣣ
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ṽሼ 
ᆄ 㕙⊕޿ᤋ↹ߛߞߚߨޕᰴߩᤋ↹ߪ㧫
ᄦ ᰴ㧫੹㧝ᤨߛࠃޕ߽߁ኢࠃ߁ࠃޕ
ᆄ ኢߚߊߥ޿ޕ߽߁৻ᧄ⷗ࠃ߁ࠃޕ৻✜ߦ
⷗ࠃ߁ࠃޕ
ᄦ ⋡߇∋ࠇߚޕ߽߁⷗ࠄࠇߥ޿ޕᥦ߆޿ࡌ
࠶࠼ߦ౉ࠅߚ޿ޯޕ߅߿ߔߺޕ
ᆄ ޽ޔᓙߞߡޕኢࠆ೨ߦࡆ࡯࡞߽߁৻ᧄ⾈
ߞߡ߈ߡޕ
ᄦ ߃ޔ߶ࠎߣߦ㧫
߆ߥ߫ࠎ
ߟ߹ ߅߽ߒࠈ޿߃޿߇ߛߞߚߨޕߟ߉ߩ߃޿
߇ߪ㧫
߅ߞߣ ߟ߉㧫޿߹޿ߜߓߛࠃޕ߽߁ߨࠃ߁ࠃޕ
ߟ߹ ߨߚߊߥ޿ޕ߽߁޿ߞ߸ࠎߺࠃ߁ࠃޕ޿
ߞߒࠂߦߺࠃ߁ࠃޕ
߅ߞߣ ߼߇ߟ߆ࠇߚޕ߽߁ߺࠄࠇߥ޿ޕ޽ߚߚ
߆޿ࡌ࠶࠼ߦߪ޿ࠅߚ޿ޯޕ߅߿ߔߺޕ
ߟ߹ ޽ޔ߹ߞߡޕߨࠆ߹߃ߦࡆ࡯࡞߽߁޿ߞ
߸ࠎ߆ߞߡ߈ߡޕ
߅ߞߣ ߃ޔ߶ࠎߣߦ㧫
Translation
Wife It was a funny movie, right? What’s next?
Husband Next? It’s one o’clock now. Let’s go to bed.
Wife I don’t want to sleep. Let’s watch one more.
Let’s watch together.
Husband My eyes are tired. I can’t watch. I want to
crawl into a warm bed. Good night.
Wife Ah, before you go to sleep, can you go buy
a beer?
Husband Huh? Really?
Rǀmaii
Tsuma Omoshiroi eiga datta ne. Tsugi no eiga
wa?
Otto Tsugi? Ima ichi-ii dayo. Mǀ neyǀ yo.
Tsuma Netakunai. Mǀ ippon miyǀ yo. Issho ni
miyǀ yo.
Otto Me ga tsukareta. Mǀ mirarenai. Atatakai
beddo ni hairitai. Oyasumi.
Tsuma A, matte. Neru mae ni bƯru mǀ ippon katte
kite.
Otto E, honto ni?
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Lesson Code: 261_B127_092606 September 26th 2006 / 2006ᐕ9᦬26ᣣ
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Vocabulary - න⺆
Kanji Kana 5ǀPDML English
∋ࠇࠆ ߟ߆ࠇࠆ tukareru to tire, to get tired
⋡ ߼ me eye
ᥦ߆޿ ޽ߚߚ߆޿ atatakai warm
ᧄ ߶ࠎ -hon suIfx Ior long cylindrical things
ࡌ࠶࠼ beddo bed
ࡆ࡯࡞ bƯru beer
Today’s grammar point is the auxiliary verb rareru, which when attached to the masu stem of Class II
verbs, indicates potential.
Conjugation
masu stem + rareru
Dictionary form Masu Stem -rareru English Meaning
᳿߼ࠆ
kimeru
᳿߼
kime
᳿߼ࠄࠇࠆ
kimerareru
able to decide
⿠߈ࠆ
okiru
⿠߈
oki
⿠߈ࠄࠇࠆ
okirareru
able to get up
୫ࠅࠆ
kariru
୫ࠅ
kari
୫ࠅࠄࠇࠆ
karirareru
able to borrow
Class II verbs with the auxiliary verb rareru attached remain Class II verbs.
Today’s second grammar point is the auxiliary verb kuru, which when attached to the te-form of another
verb, signifes the beginning oI some action or process or the continuation oI some action or process.
Construction: V.te-form + kuru
ࠊ߆ߞߡߊࠆ࡮wakatte ku - to begin to understand
ࠊ߆ߞߡ߈ߚ࡮wakatte kita - to have begun to understand
ኙߊߥߞߡߊࠆ࡮samukanatte kuru - to begin to get cold
ኙߊߥߞߡ߈ߚ࡮samukanatte kita - has begun to get cold
*Kuru is an irregular verb. When the fnal position verb oI sentence has the auxiliary verb kuru attached,
the sentence’s tense and politeness level are determined the tense and politeness level of kuru.
In today’s dialogue, however, the auxiliary verb kuru shows characterisitics closer to a regular verb, as op-
posed to an auxiliary verb. In today’s dialogue and in the following examples, the te-form + kuru construc-
Grammar Points
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Lesson Code: 261_B127_092606 September 26th 2006 / 2006ᐕ9᦬26ᣣ
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tion is closer to the te-conjuction, which links to sentences together, than the construction indicated above.
⾈ߞߡߊࠆ࡮katte kuru - (to go to) buy it and come back
ⴕߞߡߊࠆ࡮itte kuru - to go and come back
In informal spoken Japanese, the ra of rareru is often dropped:
㘩ߴࠇࠆ࡮tabereru - able to eat