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Lesson Code: 269_B131_100406 October 4th 2006 / 2006ᐕ10᦬4ᣣ
131
Kanji Transcript
Kana Transcript
Rǀmaii Transcript
Translation
Vocabulary
Grammar Points
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Ikemen
Beginner Lesson
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Lesson Code: 269_B131_100406 October 4th 2006 / 2006ᐕ10᦬4ᣣ
2
ṽሼ 
߆߅ࠆ ਭߒ߱ࠅ㧍ర᳇㧫
ߣߒ߅ ߷ߜ߷ߜޕ߆߅ࠆߪ㧫
߆߅ࠆ ߫ߞߜࠅޕᣂߒ޿ᓐ᳁߇ߢ߈ߚޕ߽࡯
࡜ࡉ࡜ࡉߛࠃޕఝߒߊߡޕ
ߣߒ߅ ࠃ߆ߞߚߨޕ೨ߩᓐߪ޿ߟ߽ࠗ࡜ࠗ࡜
ߒߡߚ߆ࠄߨޕ
߆߅ࠆ ߢ߽ߨޔᓐߪࠗࠤࡔࡦߛ߆ࠄࡕ࠹ࡕ࠹
ߢޔߜࠂߞߣᔃ㈩ޕ
ߣߒ߅ ᄢਂᄦߛࠃ㧍
߆ߥ߫ࠎ
߆߅ࠆ ߭ߐߒ߱ࠅ㧍ߍࠎ߈㧫
ߣߒ߅ ߷ߜ߷ߜޕ߆߅ࠆߪ㧫
߆߅ࠆ ߫ߞߜࠅޕ޽ߚࠄߒ޿߆ࠇߒ߇ߢ߈
ߚޕ߽࡯࡜ࡉ࡜ࡉߛࠃޕ߿ߐߒߊߡޕ
ߣߒ߅ ࠃ߆ߞߚߨޕ߹߃ߩ߆ࠇߪ޿ߟ߽ࠗ࡜
ࠗ࡜ߒߡߚ߆ࠄߨޕ
߆߅ࠆ ߢ߽ߨޔ߆ࠇߪࠗࠤࡔࡦߛ߆ࠄࡕ࠹ࡕ
࠹ߢޔߜࠂߞߣߒࠎ߬޿ޕ
ߣߒ߅ ߛ޿ߓࠂ߁߱ߛࠃ㧍
Translation
Kaoru Long time! How have you been?
Toshio Just getting by. How about you, Kaoru?
Kaoru I`m great. I got a new boyIriend. We are so
in love. He`s so nice, and you know.
Toshio Good Ior you. Because your last boyIriend
was always in a bad mood.
Kaoru But because he`s good looking, he`s popu-
lar, and I`m a little worried.
Toshio It’ll be alright.
Rǀmaii
Kaoru Hisashiburi! Genki?
Toshio Bochibochi. Kaoru wa?
Kaoru Bacchiri. Atarashii kareshi ga dekita. Mǀ
raburabu da yo. Yasashikute.
Toshio Yokatta ne. Mae no kare wa itsumo iraira
shiteta kara ne.
Kaoru Demone, kare wa ikemen dakara motemote
de, chotto shinpai.
Toshio Daiiǀbu dayo!
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Lesson Code: 269_B131_100406 October 4th 2006 / 2006ᐕ10᦬4ᣣ
3
Vocabulary - න⺆
Kanji Kana 5ǀPDML English
߷ߜ߷ߜ ߷ߜ߷ߜ bochibochi iust getting by, little by little
߫ߞߜࠅ ߫ߞߜࠅ bacchiri perIectly
࡜ࡉ࡜ࡉ ࡜ࡉ࡜ࡉ raburabu lovey-dovey
ࠗࠤࡔࡦ ࠗࠤࡔࡦ ikemen good looking guy
ࡕ࠹ࡕ࠹ ࡕ࠹ࡕ࠹ motemote popular among people
The use oI onomatopoeia - the Iormation oI words that imitate sounds associated with the obiects, actions,
or sounds they reIer to - to explain sounds is a commonality shared by languages throughout the world.
English onomatopoeia roughly correspond to Japanese giongo/giseigo. The kanii Ior on, oI giongo, means
sound, and thereIore, this group tends to include audible noises that can be heard through movement,
natural occurrences, etc., such as the sound oI pouring rain, ]Ɨ]Ɨ. On the other hand, the kanii Ior sei, oI
giseigo, means voice, and thereIore, this group tends to include vocal sounds, such as the croak oI a Irog,
kerokero.
There is also another type oI Japanese onomatopoeia* called gitaigo which diIIers in that they represent
non-auditory actions or states, such as being sticky, betabeta. While these types oI words do exist in Eng-
lish (i.e. he zipped away), their usage is extremely limited, whereas in Japanese they are used extensively.
In addition, there is a more narrowly defned subcategory oI gitaigo called JLMǀJR, which represent mental
or psychological states, such as irritation, iraira. The kanii Ior tai, oI gitaigo, means state and the kanii Ior
Mǀ, oI JLMǀJR, means Ieelings or emotion. In the chart below, there are a Iew examples oI each.
Category Word English Meaning
ᡆ㖸⺆
giongo
ߑ޽ߑ޽
]Ɨ]Ɨ
sound oI pouring rain
ᡆ㖸⺆
giongo
߇߿߇߿
gayagaya
crowd oI people talking
ᡆჿ⺆
giseigo
ࡢࡦࡢࡦ
wanwan
sound oI dog barking
ᡆჿ⺆
giseigo
ࠤࡠࠤࡠ
kerokero
sound oI Irog croaking
ᡆᘒ⺆
gitaigo
ߋࠆߋࠆ
guruguru
spinning round and round
Grammar Points
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Lesson Code: 269_B131_100406 October 4th 2006 / 2006ᐕ10᦬4ᣣ
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ᡆᘒ⺆
gitaigo
߈ࠄ߈ࠄ
kirakira
sparkly
ᡆᖱ⺆
JLMǀJR
ࠊߊࠊߊ
wakuwaku
excitedly
ᡆᖱ⺆
JLMǀJR
޿ࠄ޿ࠄ
iraira
irritation
*Gitaigo and JLMǀJR are not, by defnition, true onomatopoeia since they do not represent sounds but Ior
practical purposes will be reIerred to as so. These categories are sometimes reIerred to as phenomimes and
psychomimes, respectively, while onomatopoeia are phonomimes.