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Lesson Code: 333_B148_120706 December 7th 2006 / 2006ᐕ12᦬7ᣣ
148
Kanji Transcript
Kana Transcript
Rǀmaii Transcript
Translation
Vocabulary
Grammar Points
Bonus Transcript
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It Wasn’t Me!
Beginner Lesson
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Lesson Code: 333_B148_120706 December 7th 2006 / 2006ᐕ12᦬7ᣣ
2
ṽሼ 
Უ ด੹㧍
ߌࠎߓ ߅Ꮻࠅޕ
Უ ޽ࠇ㧍ࡑࡑߩᄢᅢ߈ߥ⧎↉߇უࠇߡ޿
ࠆ㧍߁ߘ㧍ߌࠎߓߊࠎޕ
ߌࠎߓ ߪ޿ޕ
Უ ⺕߇⑳ߩ⧎↉ࠍუߒߚߩ㧫
ߌࠎߓ ௢ߓ߾ߥ޿ޕኅߩ₀߇უߒߚޕ
Უ ߌࠎߓߊࠎޕ
ߌࠎߓ ߪ޿ޔߏ߼ࠎߥߐ޿ޕ‽ੱߪ௢ߢߔޕ
⸵ߒߡߊߛߐ޿ޕ
Უ ࠊ߆ߞߚޕࠊ߆ߞߚޕ੹࿁ߩཐߪ⋡ࠍ
ߟ߱ߞߡ޽ߍࠆޕߎࠇ߆ࠄߪᱜ⋥ߦ⸒
߁ߩࠃޕ
ߌࠎߓ ࠊ߆ߞߚޕ
߆ߥ߫ࠎ
ߪߪ ߚߛ޿߹㧍
ߌࠎߓ ߅߆߃ࠅޕ
ߪߪ ޽ࠇ㧍ࡑࡑߩߛ޿ߔ߈ߥ߆߮ࠎ߇ߎࠊ
ࠇߡ޿ࠆ㧍߁ߘ㧍ߌࠎߓߊࠎޕ
ߌࠎߓ ߪ޿ޕ
ߪߪ ߛࠇ߇ࠊߚߒߩ߆߮ࠎࠍߎࠊߒߚߩ㧫
ߌࠎߓ ߷ߊߓ߾ߥ޿ޕ߁ߜߩߨߎ߇ߎࠊߒ
ߚޕ
ߪߪ ߌࠎߓߊࠎޕ
ߌࠎߓ ߪ޿ޔߏ߼ࠎߥߐ޿ޕߪࠎߦࠎߪ߷ߊ
ߢߔޕࠁࠆߒߡߊߛߐ޿ޕ
ߪߪ ࠊ߆ߞߚޕࠊ߆ߞߚޕߎࠎ߆޿ߩ߁ߘ
ߪ߼ࠍߟ߱ߞߡ޽ߍࠆޕߎࠇ߆ࠄߪߒ
ࠂ߁ߓ߈ߦ޿߁ߩࠃޕ
ߌࠎߓ ࠊ߆ߞߚޕ
Translation
Mother I’m home.
Kenji Welcome back.
Mother What! My favorite vase is broken! No
way! Kenji!
Kenji Yeah.
Mother Who broke mom’s vase?
Kenji Wasn’t me! The cat broke it.
Mother Kenji!
Kenji I’m sorry. I’m the guilty one. Please for-
give me.
Mother Okay. I’ll look past your lie this time, but
make sure you tell the truth from now on.
Kenji Okay.
Rǀmaii
Haha Tadaima!
Kenji Okaeri.
Haha Are! Mama no daisuki na kabin ga kowarete
iru! Uso! Kenj-kun.
Kenji Hai.
Haha Dare ga watashi no kabin o kowashita no?
Kenji Boku ja nai. Uchi no neko ga kowashita.
Haha Kenji-kun.
Kenji Hai, gomen nasai. Hannin wa boku desu.
Yurushite kudasai.
Haha Wakatta. Wakatta. Konkai no uso wa me o
tubutte ageru. Kore kara wa shǀiiki ni iu no
yo.
Kenji Wakatta.
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Lesson Code: 333_B148_120706 December 7th 2006 / 2006ᐕ12᦬7ᣣ
3
Vocabulary - න⺆
Kanji Kana 5ǀPDML English
⧎↉ ߆߮ࠎ kabin vase
უࠇࠆ ߎࠊࠇࠆ kowareru to be broken, to break
უߔ ߎࠊߔ kowasu to break
ཐ ߁ߘ uso lie
‽ੱ ߪࠎߦࠎ hannin criminal
⸵ߔ ࠁࠆߔ yurusu to forgive
ߟ߱ࠆ ߟ߱ࠆ tsuburu to close the eyes
ᱜ⋥ ߒࠂ߁ߓ߈ shǀiiki honesty
Japanese verbs can be divided into two categories: transitive verbs, tadoshi, and intransitive verbs, jidoshi.
The difference between these two types is that transitive verbs require a direct object to create a proper
sentence, while on the other hand, intransitive verbs do not require one. In Japanese, the key to deciphering
which is which can be found in the particles used in the sentences. A good mnemonic device for remem-
bering the difference between the two is that in transitive sentences the subjects transfers something to
the direct object. In Japanese, the direct object is marked by the direct object marker o, so sentences with
transitive verbs tend to have the following pattern: Subject (topic marker wa/ga) Object (marked by o)
Verb. Sentences in which intransitive verbs are found tend to resemble the following pattern: Subject (topic
marker wa/ga) Verb.
In Japanese, there are many pairs of transitive and intransitive verbs which share the same kanji character.
While the kanji character is the same, what follows varies. Please see the following list for a few examples:
Transitive Meaning Intransitive Meaning
ὐߌࠆ
tsukeru
to turn on ὐߊ
tsuku
to be lit
უߔ
kowasu
to break უࠇࠆ
kowareru
to be broken
㗍߆ࠆ
azukaru
to take charge of 㗍ߌࠆ
azukeru
to entrust
ㅏ߇ߔ
nigasu
to set free ㅏߍࠆ
nigeru
to escape
ᱷߔ
nokosu
to leave behind ᱷࠆ
nokoru
to be left
A transitive verb is incomplete without a direct object, while an intransitive verb doesn’t take a direct
object. “The player threw” is incomplete without a direct object. “The player threw the ball” is a complete
sentence. In the sentence “Lighting struck,” the verb struck is intransitive as there is no receiver of the
action, while in the sentence “Lighting struck the house,” it is transitive as the action is transferred to the
house.
Me o tsuburu is an idomatic phrase which means to look the other way. The literal meaning is to close
one’s eyes.
Grammar Points
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Lesson Code: 333_B148_120706 December 7th 2006 / 2006ᐕ12᦬7ᣣ
4
Bonus
Უ ด੹㧍
ߌࠎߓ ߅Ꮻࠅޕ
Უ ޽ࠇ㧍ࡑࡑߩᄢᅢ߈ߥ⧎↉߇უࠇߡ޿ࠆ㧍߁ߘ㧍ߌࠎߓߊࠎޕ
ߌࠎߓ ߪ޿ޕ
Უ ⺕߇⑳ߩ⧎↉ࠍუߒߚߩ㧫
ߌࠎߓ ௢ߓ߾ߥ޿ޕኅߩ₀߇უߒߚޕ
Უ ߌࠎߓߊࠎޕ
ߌࠎߓ ኅߩ›߇უߒߚޕ
Უ ߌࠎߓߊࠎޕ
ߌࠎߓ ኅߩ㠽߇უߒߚޕ
Უ ߌࠎߓߊࠎޕ
ߌࠎߓ ኅߩ㊄㝼߇უߒߚޕ
Უ ߌࠎߓߊࠎޕ
ߌࠎߓ ߪ޿ޔߏ߼ࠎߥߐ޿ޕ‽ੱߪ௢ߢߔޕ⸵ߒߡߊߛߐ޿ޕ
Უ ోߊޕኅ߽േ‛ᴛጊ㘺ߞߡࠆߌߤޔੱ㑆߇৻⇟࿎ߞߚ߽ࠎߛࠊޕ