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# NPSH Calculator

## Author: Dimitrii Pokrovskii

dimitrii@engineering-bear.com www.engineering-bear.com
Nov. 16th, 2007, Brought to you by www.azpiping.com with permittance from Author
1 - Start 2
Pump Operating Parameters System Inlet Height Configu
Open System:

## Fluid Temperature (through the pump): (32 - 212 F) 45 deg. F

Total Pump Volumetric Flow Rate: 80 gpm liquid level
14.7 PSI
Atmospheroc Pressure: (can't change)
33.957 ft. Water
Fluid Vapor Pressure: 0.7516 (ft. Water)

Surface Pressure
Water Vapor Pressure Reference Table 0
Water Temp. Vapor Pressure
(Deg. F) (ft. Water)
80 1
100 2
liquid level
120 4
140 7
180 18
200 28
Va p o r P re s .( f t . W a t e r)

212 33.96

## Water Vapor Pres. @ Sea Level

40
35
f(x) = 7.1929E-06x^3 - 9.8352E-04x^2 + 4.6395E-02x
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220
Temperature Deg. F
Each sub system is defined by a fitting that either
changes the pipe size or a Tee that combines or
from Author separates flow.

2 3
Inlet Height Configuration System Piping Configuration
1 Pipe Type Schedule 40
Pipe Size (Nominal) 3
Pipe Length 0
Flow Rate 0
(Positive) Height
h Fittings Qt. Eq. Length
90 Ells 0 20
45 Ell 0 16
inlet
Globe Valve 0 340
Angle Valve 0 150
Surface Pressure Ball Valve 0 8
PSIG BF-Valve 0 29.9
Ck-Valve 0 55
inlet Stand. Tee - flow through run 0 20
-h Stand. Tee - flow through branch 0 60
(Negative) Height - 0 0
Total Eq. Length

(Optional)
4 Pipe Type Schedule 40
Pipe Size (Nominal) 1
Static Head Pipe Length 0
Height: 0 ft. Flow Rate 0

## Fittings Qt. Eq. Length

90 Ells 0 20
45 Ell 0 16
Globe Valve 0 340
Angle Valve 0 150
Ball Valve 0 8
BF-Valve 0 29.9
Ck-Valve 0 55
Stand. Tee - flow through run 0 20
Stand. Tee - flow through br 0 60
- 0 0
Total Eq. Length
Design Calculator - Do not Edit Values Here

Total
Fitting Nominal
Eq. L Pipe Length (ft.) Diam. ID (inch)
NA NA 1 1.049
NA NA 2 2.067
NA NA 3 3.068
NA NA 4 4.026
Ref. NA NA 5 5.047
NA NA 6 6.065
NA NA 8 8.071
NA NA 10 10.136
NA NA 12 12.09
14 13.125
1 0 0 3 3.068
4 0 0 1 1.049
2 0 0 1 1.049
5 0 0 1 1.049
3 0 0 1 1.049
6 0 0 1 1.049
3 - When You're Done W/ Step 3 - Press the Calculate NPSH Button
(Optional)
2 Pipe Type Schedule 40
inch Pipe Size (Nominal) 1 inch
ft Pipe Length 0 ft
gpm Flow Rate 0 gpm

## Total Fittings Qt. Eq. Length Total

0 90 Ells 0 20 0
0 45 Ell 0 16 0
0 Globe Valve 0 340 0
0 Angle Valve 0 150 0
0 Ball Valve 0 8 0
0 BF-Valve 0 29.9 0
0 Ck-Valve 0 55 0
0 Stand. Tee - flow through 0 20 0
0 Stand. Tee - flow throug 0 60 0
0 - 0 0 0
0 Total Eq. Length 0

(Optional)
5 Pipe Type Schedule 40
inch Pipe Size (Nominal) 1 inch
ft Pipe Length 0 ft
gpm Flow Rate 0 gpm

## Total Fittings Qt. Eq. Length Total

0 90 Ells 0 20 0
0 45 Ell 0 16 0
0 Globe Valve 0 340 0
0 Angle Valve 0 150 0
0 Ball Valve 0 8 0
0 BF-Valve 0 29.9 0
0 Ck-Valve 0 55 0
0 Stand. Tee - flow through 0 20 0
0 Stand. Tee - flow throug 0 60 0
0 - 0 0 0
0 Total Eq. Length 0
Rel. Roughness
e= 0.001

## Pipe ID Area Friction

(inch^2) Flow GPM Flow (ft^3/s) Velocity (ft/s) Re e/D Factor
0.8642529244 NA 0.17824 0.206 17879.4615 0.00095329 NA
3.3556050137 NA 0.17824 0.053 9073.80507 0.00048379 NA
7.3926576024 NA 0.17824 0.024 6113.28392 0.00032595 NA
12.730264362 NA 0.17824 0.014 4658.60782 0.00024839 NA
20.005826166 NA 0.17824 0.009 3716.17893 0.00019814 NA
28.890262757 NA 0.17824 0.006 3092.42458 0.00016488 NA
51.161653963 NA 0.17824 0.003 2323.82048 0.0001239 NA
80.690626069 NA 0.17824 0.002 1850.3902 9.8658E-05 NA
114.80015729 NA 0.17824 0.002 1551.32796 8.2713E-05 NA
135.29710549 NA 0.17824 7.619E-05 0
7.3926576024 0 0 0.000 0 0.0003259 0.012915
0.8642529244 0 0 0.000 0 0.0009533 0.011802
0.8642529244 0 0 0.000 0 0.0009533 0.012284
0.8642529244 0 0 0.000 0 0.0009533 0.011514
0.8642529244 0 0 0.000 0 0.0009533 0.012185
0.8642529244 0 0 0.000 0 0.00095329 0.011514
ate NPSH Button
(Optional)
3 Pipe Type Schedule 40
Pipe Size (Nominal) 1 inch
Pipe Length 0 ft
Flow Rate 0 gpm

## Fittings Qt. Eq. Length Total

90 Ells 0 20 0
45 Ell 0 16 0
Globe Valve 0 340 0
Angle Valve 0 150 0
Ball Valve 0 8 0
BF-Valve 0 29.9 0
Ck-Valve 0 55 0
Stand. Tee - flow thro 0 20 0
Stand. Tee - flow thro 0 60 0
- 0 0 0
Total Eq. Length 0

(Optional)
6 Pipe Type Schedule 40
Pipe Size (Nominal) 1 inch
Pipe Length 0 ft
Flow Rate 0 gpm

## Fittings Qt. Eq. Length Total

90 Ells 0 20 0
45 Ell 0 16 0
Globe Valve 0 340 0
Angle Valve 0 150 0
Ball Valve 0 8 0
BF-Valve 0 29.9 0
Ck-Valve 0 55 0
Stand. Tee - flow thro 0 20 0
Stand. Tee - flow thro 0 60 0
- 0 0 0
Total Eq. Length 0
Safety Factor
Piping 1.3
Fittings 1.3

Fittings Pipe Sum
NA NA NA
NA NA NA
NA NA NA
NA NA NA
NA NA NA
NA NA NA
NA NA NA
NA NA NA
NA NA NA
NA NA NA
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0 ft. water
Total Frictional Head Loss: 0 PSI
0
360037112.xls

## Date: 7/9/2017 10:17 NPSH Calculation

Drawings / Page:
Max GPM:

Constants / Assumptions:

Mean Operating Fluid Temperature: 45 F Total Flow Through Pump: 0 gpm Atmospheric Pressure: 14.70 PSIA 33.96 ft. Water

Pumped Fluid: WATER Vapor Pressure of Liquid: 0.75 ft. water Surface Pressure: 0 PSIG (if exposed to air surface pressure = 0)

Piping Configuration:

Pipe

Sub System#: 1 2 3 4 5 6
Pipe Diam. (Nom): 3 inch 1 inch 1 inch 1 inch 1 inch 1 inch
Pipe Length: 0 feet 0 feet 0 feet 0 feet 0 feet 0 feet
Flow Rate: 0 gpm 0 gpm 0 gpm 0 gpm 0 gpm 0 gpm
Total
Pipe Pressure Drop: 0.0 ft. Water 0.0 ft. Water 0.0 ft. Water 0.0 ft. Water 0.0 ft. Water 0.0 ft. Water 0.0
0.0 psi 0.0 psi 0.0 psi 0.0 psi 0.0 psi 0.0 psi 0.0
Valves (Fully Open) / Fittings

1 2 3 4 5 6
Eq. Eq. Eq. Eq. Eq. Eq.
Qt. Length Total Qt. Length Total Qt. Length Total Qt. Length Total Qt. Length Total Qt. Length Total
90 Ells 0 20 0 0 20 0 0 20 0 0 20 0 0 20 0 0 20 0
45 Ell 0 16 0 0 16 0 0 16 0 0 16 0 0 16 0 0 16 0
Globe Valve 0 340 0 0 340 0 0 340 0 0 340 0 0 340 0 0 340 0
Angle Valve 0 150 0 0 150 0 0 150 0 0 150 0 0 150 0 0 150 0
Ball Valve 0 8 0 0 8 0 0 8 0 0 8 0 0 8 0 0 8 0
BF-Valve 0 29.9 0 0 29.9 0 0 29.9 0 0 29.9 0 0 29.9 0 0 29.9 0
Ck-Valve 0 55 0 0 55 0 0 55 0 0 55 0 0 55 0 0 55 0
Stand. Tee - flow through run 0 20 0 0 20 0 0 20 0 0 20 0 0 20 0 0 20 0
Stand. Tee - flow through branch 0 60 0 0 60 0 0 60 0 0 60 0 0 60 0 0 60 0
- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total
Eq. Length Total: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Fitting Pressure Drop: 0.0 ft. water 0.0 ft. water 0.0 ft. water 0.0 ft. water 0.0 ft. water 0.0 ft. water 0.0
0.0 psi 0.0 psi 0.0 psi 0.0 psi 0.0 psi 0.0 psi 0.0

Description
Additonal Pressure Drops: input here 0.0 ft. water
input here 0.0 ft. water
input here 0.0 ft. water
input here 0.0 ft. water
input here 0.0 ft. water
Total: 0.0 ft. water Total Head Loss (Pipe + Fittings + Additional Drops) : 0.0

Results

## (Static Head) (Vapor Pressure) (Loss in Fittings) NPSHA

NPSHA = 34.0 + 0.0 + 0.0 - 0.8 - 0.0 - 0.0 - 0.0 = 33.21 ft. Water
(Atmospheric Pressure) (Surface Pressure) (Loss in Pipe Length) (Additonal Loss)
Net Positive Suction Head Available
Pump Schedule #: NPSHR 0 ft. Water
MFR: Net Positive Suction Head Required
Model #: (From Pump Curve)

## Air Systems Confidential 07/09/2017 Page 9

PDF
Table of
Schedule
40 & 80
Pipe
Geometry
Nom. Diam.
Inchs
1/8
1/4
3/8
1/2
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24
Schedule 40

Schedule 80

ID ID
Inches Inches
0.269 0.215
0.364 0.302
0.493 0.423
0.622 0.546
0.824 0.742
1.049 0.957
1.38 1.278
1.61 1.5
2.067 1.939
2.469 2.323
3.068 2.9
3.548 3.364
4.026 3.826
5.047 4.813
6.065 5.761
7.981 7.625
10.02 9.564
11.938 11.376
13.124 12.5
15 14.314
16.874 16.126
18.814 17.938
22.626 21.564
This Data is for Development Purposes

Note: Trying tofigure out how my fluids results compare to the table values found in the hand
looks like there is a safety factor associated with the table values when compared to the the
Rel. Roughtness Pressure Drop in 100 ft. of Pipe
e = 0.001 My Value Flow Wheel DI GPM
Ratio 1.0 1.85 2.4 3 100
1.5 1.95 3 90
Rel. Roughness 0.92 1.2 3 70
e = 0.001 0.68 0.9 3 60
Ration 1.3 2.7 2.7 5 400
1.6 1.6 5 300
2.4 2.3 6 700
1.2 1.3 8 900
1.5 1.6 8 1000
A SH R A E Value

2.5
f(x) = 1.0015544041x
2

1.5

0.5

0
1 1.2 1.4 1.6 My1.8
Value 2 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.8
re to the table values found in the handbook and the pump wheel
table values when compared to the theoretical values. More testing needs to be done with a wider range of flows and pipe sizes
A S H R A E Va lu e

2.5

2
f(x) = 1.3007606033x
1.5

0.5

0
0.6 0.8 1 My Value1.4
1.2 1.6 1.8 2
ASI-NPSH Calculator VS HVAC PUMP Handbook

Flow Rate (GPM)

## Pipe (ft of Water)

Loss for 100ft of

ft of Pipe (ft of
Asi Calculator

Water)
of flows and pipe sizes 1000
1500
2000
2250
2500
2750
3000
3250
3500
3750
4000
4250
4500
4750
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5250
5000