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Lesson Code: 379_B154_020107 February 1st 2007 / 2007ᐕ2᦬1ᣣ
154
Kanji Transcript
Kana Transcript
Rǀmaii Transcript
Translation
Vocabulary
Grammar Points
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Security Work III
Beginner Lesson
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Lesson Code: 379_B154_020107 February 1st 2007 / 2007ᐕ2᦬1ᣣ
2
ṽሼ 
⼊஻ຬ㧞 ߪ߿߆ߞߚߥޯޕߥࠎߢߘࠎߥߦᣧ
޿ࠎߛ㧫
⼊஻ຬ㧝 ໧㗴ߥ߆ߞߚ߆ࠄߢߔࠃޕ
⼊஻ຬ㧞 ࠃ߆ߞߚ㧍߿ߞ߬ࠅ޽ߩ›ߛࠃߨޕ
⼊஻ຬ㧝 ޿޿߃ޕ੹࿁ߪዊᨋߐࠎ߇㡆ࠄߒߡ
ߒ߹޿߹ߒߚޕ
⼊஻ຬ㧞 ޽޽ޔߘ߁㧫ߘࠇߪߪߓ߼ߡߛߨޕ
ߔߴߡ࠴ࠚ࠶ࠢߒߚ㧫
⼊஻ຬ㧝 ߽ߜࠈࠎ㧍ߣߡ߽ᭉߒ߆ߞߚߢߔޕ
⼊஻ຬ㧞 ᭉߒ޿㧫
⼊஻ຬ㧝 ߁ࠎޔዊᨋߐࠎߪߣߡ߽ఝߒ޿ੱߢ
ߒߚޕ
⼊஻ຬ㧞 ߘ߁㧫ዊᨋߐࠎߪ෰ᐕᅏߐࠎ߇ߥߊ
ߥߞߡ߆ࠄޔߜࠂߞߣ಄ߚߊߥߞߡ
߈ߚߌߤޕ
⼊஻ຬ㧝 ߜࠂߞߣᓙߞߡ㧍૗ߛߞߡ㧫ᓐߩᅏ
ߐࠎߪ෰ᐕߥߊߥߞߚ㧫߶ࠎߣ߁㧫
ߓ߾޽ޔᆷߐࠎ߽޿߹ߖࠎߨޕ
⼊஻ຬ㧞 ߁ࠎޔ૗ߢ⍮ߞߡࠆ㧫
⼊஻ຬ㧝 ߛ߹ߐࠇߚ㧍⼊ኤ๭߷߁ޕ
߆ߥ߫ࠎ
ߌ޿߮޿ࠎ㧞 ߪ߿߆ߞߚߥޯޕߥࠎߢߘࠎߥߦ
ߪ߿޿ࠎߛ㧫
ߌ޿߮޿ࠎ㧝 ߽ࠎߛ޿ߥ߆ߞߚ߆ࠄߢߔࠃޕ
ߌ޿߮޿ࠎ㧞 ࠃ߆ߞߚ㧍߿ߞ߬ࠅ޽ߩ޿ߧߛࠃ
ߨޕ
ߌ޿߮޿ࠎ㧝 ޿޿߃ޕߎࠎ߆޿ߪߎ߫߿ߒߐࠎ
߇ߥࠄߒߡߒ߹޿߹ߒߚޕ
ߌ޿߮޿ࠎ㧞 ޽޽ޔߘ߁㧫ߘࠇߪߪߓ߼ߡߛ
ߨޕߔߴߡ࠴ࠚ࠶ࠢߒߚ㧫
ߌ޿߮޿ࠎ㧝 ߽ߜࠈࠎ㧍ߣߡ߽ߚߩߒ߆ߞߚߢ
ߔޕ
ߌ޿߮޿ࠎ㧞 ߚߩߒ޿㧫
ߌ޿߮޿ࠎ㧝 ߁ࠎޔߎ߫߿ߒߐࠎߪߣߡ߽߿ߐ
ߒ޿ߦ߭ߣߢߒߚޕ
ߌ޿߮޿ࠎ㧞 ߘ߁㧫ߎ߫߿ߒߐࠎߪ߈ࠂߨࠎ߅
ߊߐࠎ߇ߥߊߥߞߡ߆ࠄޔߜࠂߞ
ߣߟ߼ߚߊߥߞߡ߈ߚߌߤޕ
ߌ޿߮޿ࠎ㧝 ߜࠂߞߣ߹ߞߡ㧍ߥࠎߛߞߡ㧫߆
ࠇߩ߅ߊߐࠎߪ߈ࠂߨࠎߥߊߥߞ
ߚ㧫߶ࠎߣ߁㧫ߓ߾޽ޔ߻ߔ߼ߐ
ࠎ߽޿߹ߖࠎߨޕ
ߌ޿߮޿ࠎ㧞 ߁ࠎޔߥࠎߢߒߞߡࠆ㧫
ߌ޿߮޿ࠎ㧝 ߛ߹ߐࠇߚ㧍ߌ޿ߐߟࠃ߷߁ޕ
Translation
Guard 2 That was fast! Why was it that fast?
Guard 1 Because there were no problems.
Guard 2 Good. It was that dog, right?
Guard 1 No. This time Kobayashi set oII the alarm.
Guard 2 Oh, is that right? That`s a frst. You
checked everything right?
Guard 1 OI course. It was really Iun.
Guard 2 Fun?
Guard 1 Yeah. Kobayashi is really nice.
Guard 2 Really? Ever since his wife passed away
last year, he`s been a bit cold.
Guard 1 Hang on! What did you say? His wife
passed away last year? Are you seri-
ous? And let me guess, he doesn`t have a
daughter.
Guard 2 Yeah, how did you know?
Guard 1 I`ve been duped. Call the police!
Rǀmaii
Keibi`in 2 Hayakatta na. Nande sonna ni hayai n
da?
Keibi`in 1 Mondai nakatta kara desu yo.
Keibi`in 2 Yokatta! Yappari ano inu da yo ne.
Keibi`in 1 Iie. Konkai wa Kobayashi-san ga nara-
shite shimaimashita.
Keibi`in 2 Aa, sǀ? Sore wa haiimete da ne. Subete
chekku shita?
Keibi`in 1 Mochiron! Totemo tanoshikatta desu.
Keibi`in 2 Tanoshii?
Keibi`in 1 Un, Kobayashi-san wa totemo yasashii
hito deshita.
Keibi`in 2 Sǀ? Kobayashi-san wa kyonen okusan
ga nakunatte kara, chotto tsumetaku
natte kita kedo.
Keibi`in 1 Chotto matte! Nanda tte? Kare no oku-
san wa kyonen nakunatta? Hontǀ? Jaa,
musume-san mo imasen ne.
Keibi`in 2 Un, nande shitteru?
Keibi`in 1 Damasareta! Keisatsu yobǀ.
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Lesson Code: 379_B154_020107 February 1st 2007 / 2007ᐕ2᦬1ᣣ
3
Vocabulary - න⺆
Kanji Kana 5ǀPDML English
ߘࠎߥߦ ߘࠎߥߦ sonna ni so much, so, like that
ᣧ޿ ߪ߿޿ hayai early
߿ߞ߬ࠅ ߿ߞ߬ࠅ yappari as expected
㡆ࠄߔ ߥࠄߔ narasu to ring, to sound
ߪߓ߼ߡ ߪߓ߼ߡ haiimete Ior the frst time
ߔߴߡ ߔߴߡ subete all, the whole
ఝߒ޿ ߿ߐߒ޿ yasashii tender, kind, gentle, graceIul
ᅏߐࠎ ߅ߊߐࠎ okusan (hon) wife
੢ߊߥࠆ ߥߊߥࠆ nakunaru to pass away
ߛ߹ߐࠇࠆ ߛ߹ߐࠇࠆ damasareru to be deceived
⼊ኤ ߌ޿ߐߟ keisatsu police
Today`s lesson covers the passive tense oI Class 1 verbs ending with the syllable su. Passive voice reIers to
a sentence structure wherein the recipient oI some action becomes the grammatical subiect oI the sentence.
In Japanese, the passive voice is indicated by verbs ending in reru.
Technically speaking, there are two kinds oI passive voice in Japanese. The frst, called 'direct passive
voice” (chokusetsu ukemi) roughly corresponds to the normal English passive Iorm. The second, called
'indirect passive voice¨ (kansetsu ukemi) has no easy equivalent in English.
Direct passive voice takes either the direct or indirect obiect oI the equivalent active sentence, and uses it
as the grammatical subiect. The particle ni is normally used to indicate the agent (the doer oI the action),
however, when one wishes to place additional stress on the agent, ni yotte may be used. Kara may also be
used to indicate the agent in cases where a physical obiect has been given Irom the agent.
వ↢ߦปࠄࠇߚޕ
Sensei ni shikarareta.
I was scolded by my teacher.
Indirect passive voice has no easy English equivalent, however, it is similar in meaning to the colloquial
Iorm 'to up and do something to me¨. (See example below.) It is used to indicate that an (oIten negative)
infuence has had some eIIect on the (usually human) subiect. Because this passive is oIten used when the
speaker is showing empathy Ior something that happens to the subiect that is outside oI his/her realm oI
control, this passive Iorm is oIten called 'the troubled passive¨ (meiwaku no ukemi). As an example oI its
usage and translation, consider the Iollowing sentence.
Grammar Points
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Lesson Code: 379_B154_020107 February 1st 2007 / 2007ᐕ2᦬1ᣣ
4
ᆄߦㅏߍࠄࠇߚޕ
Tsuma ni nigerareta.
My wiIe up and leIt me.
Formation oI the passive is independent oI verb type. Simply change the fnal u into an a and add reru. The
irregular verbs suru and kuru, however, have irregular passive coniugations that must be independently
memorized.
Class 'LFWLRQDU\)RUP Passive

⹤ߔ
hanasu
⹤ߐࠇࠆ
hanasareru

㘶߻
nomu
㘶߹ࠇࠆ
nomareru

⸒߁
iu
⸒ࠊࠇࠆ
iwareru

㘩ߴࠆ
taberu
㘩ߴࠄࠇࠆ
taberareru

⌕ࠆ
kiru
⌕ࠄࠇࠆ
kirareru

ߔࠆ
suru
ߐࠇࠆ
sareru

ߊࠆ
kuru
ߎࠄࠇࠆ
korareru