You are on page 1of 4

JapanesePod101.

com
Learn Japanese with FREE Daily Podcasts
Lesson Code: 391_B156_021307 February 13th 2007 / 2007ᐕ2᦬13ᣣ
156
Kanji Transcript
Kana Transcript
Rǀmaii Transcript
Translation
Vocabulary
Grammar Points
2
2
2
2
3
3
Mr. and Mrs. Unlucky Smith
Beginner Lesson
JapanesePod101.com
Learn Japanese with FREE Daily Podcasts
Lesson Code: 391_B156_021307 February 13th 2007 / 2007ᐕ2᦬13ᣣ
2
ṽሼ 
ᄦ ߹ߚᕋᚒߒߚߩ㧫⿷ߪߤ߁ߒߚߩ㧫
ᆄ ੹ᦺޔ⥄ォゞߦਸ਼ߞߡ޿ߡޔゞߦ㄂߆ࠇ
ߚޕ㛽᛬ߒߚߩࠃޕ
ᄦ ৻บߛߌ㧫௢ߪᤄ᥸⿛ᣖߦᰴޘߦ㄂߆ࠇ
ߚߎߣ߇޽ࠆࠃޕ
ᆄ ߃㨪ޔ৻บߛߌߓ߾ߥ޿ߩ㧫
ᄦ ޿޿߃ޔ㆑޿߹ߔޕోຬߢߏߑ޿߹ߔޕ
ᆄ ߓ߾ޔ޽ߥߚߩൎߜߢߔߨޕ
ᄦ ޽ࠅ߇ߣ߁ߏߑ޿߹ߔޕ
ᆄ ߢ߽ޔ޽ࠆᣣߨޕޕޕ
߆ߥ߫ࠎ
߅ߞߣ ߹ߚߌ߇ߒߚߩ㧫޽ߒߪߤ߁ߒߚߩ㧫
ߟ߹ ߌߐޔߓߡࠎߒ߾ߦߩߞߡ޿ߡޔߊࠆ
߹ߦ߭߆ࠇߚޕߎߞߖߟߒߚߩࠃޕ
߅ߞߣ ޿ߜߛ޿ߛߌ㧫߷ߊߪ߻߆ߒ߷߁ߘ߁
ߙߊߦߟ߉ߟ߉ߦ߭߆ࠇߚߎߣ߇޽
ࠆࠃޕ
ߟ߹ ߃㨪ޔ޿ߜߛ޿ߛߌߓ߾ߥ޿ߩ㧫
߅ߞߣ ޿޿߃ޔߜ߇޿߹ߔޕߗࠎ޿ࠎߢߏߑ
޿߹ߔޕ
ߟ߹ ߓ߾ޔ޽ߥߚߩ߆ߜߢߔߨޕ
߅ߞߣ ޽ࠅ߇ߣ߁ߏߑ޿߹ߔޕ
ߟ߹ ߢ߽ޔ޽ࠆ߭ߨޕޕޕ
Translation
Husband You got hurt again? What happened to
your foot?
Wife I was riding my bicycle this morning
and was run down by a car. The bone is
fractured.
Husband Only one car? A long time ago, I was run
over by a whole gang oI hot-rodders, one
after the other.
Wife What? Not just one?
Husband Nope. The whole gang.
Wife Alright, your win.
Husband Thank you very much.
Wife But, there was this one day...
Rǀmaii
Otto Mata kega shita no? Ashi wa dǀshita no?
Tsuma Kesa, iitensha ni notte ite, kuruma ni hi-
kareta. Kossetsu shita no yo.
Otto Ichidai dake? Boku wa mukashi bousǀzoku
ni tsugitsugi ni hikareta koto ga aru yo.
Tsuma Ɯ, ichidai dake ia nai no?
Otto Iie, chigaimasu. Zenin de gozaimasu.
Tsuma Ja, anata no kachi desu ne.
Otto Arigatǀ gozaimasu.
Tsuma Demo, aru hi ne...
JapanesePod101.com
Learn Japanese with FREE Daily Podcasts
Lesson Code: 391_B156_021307 February 13th 2007 / 2007ᐕ2᦬13ᣣ
3
Vocabulary - න⺆
Kanji Kana 5ǀPDML English
㄂ߊ ߭ߊ hiku to run somebody over (with vehicle), to knock someone down
㛽᛬ ߎߞߖߟ kossetsu bone fracture
ᰴޘ ߟ߉ߟ߉ tsugitsugi in succession, one by one
ోຬ ߗࠎ޿ࠎ zenin all members, the whole crew
᥸⿛ᣖ ߷߁ߘ߁ߙߊ bǀsǀzoku bike gang
Today`s lesson covers the passive tense oI Class 1 verbs. Passive voice reIers to a sentence structure where-
in the recipient oI some action becomes the grammatical subiect oI the sentence. In Japanese, the passive
voice is indicated by verbs ending in reru.
Technically speaking, there are two kinds oI passive voice in Japanese. The frst, called 'direct passive
voice¨ (chokusetsu ukemi) roughly corresponds to the normal English passive Iorm. The second, called
'indirect passive voice¨ (kansetsu ukemi) has no easy equivalent in English.
Direct passive voice takes either the direct or indirect obiect oI the equivalent active sentence, and uses it
as the grammatical subiect. The particle ni is normally used to indicate the agent (the doer oI the action),
however, when one wishes to place additional stress on the agent, ni yotte may be used. Kara may also be
used to indicate the agent in cases where a physical obiect has been given Irom the agent.
వ↢ߦปࠄࠇߚޕ
Sensei ni shikarareta.
I was scolded by my teacher.
Indirect passive voice has no easy English equivalent, however, it is similar in meaning to the colloquial
Iorm 'to up and do something to me¨. (See example below.) It is used to indicate that an (oIten negative)
infuence has had some eIIect on the (usually human) subiect. Because this passive is oIten used when the
speaker is showing empathy Ior something that happens to the subiect that is outside oI his/her realm oI
control, this passive Iorm is oIten called 'the troubled passive¨ (meiwaku no ukemi). As an example oI its
usage and translation, consider the Iollowing sentence.
ᆄߦㅏߍࠄࠇߚޕ
Tsuma ni nigerareta.
My wiIe up and leIt me.
Formation oI the passive is independent oI verb type. Simply change the fnal syllable Irom the u column to
the a column and add reru. The irregular verbs suru and kuru, however, have irregular passive coniugations
that must be independently memorized.
Grammar Points
JapanesePod101.com
Learn Japanese with FREE Daily Podcasts
Lesson Code: 391_B156_021307 February 13th 2007 / 2007ᐕ2᦬13ᣣ
4
Class 'LFWLRQDU\)RUP Passive
1
㄂ߊ
hiku
㄂߆ࠇࠆ
hikareru
1
⹤ߔ
hanasu
⹤ߐࠇࠆ
hanasareru
1
㘶߻
nomu
㘶߹ࠇࠆ
nomareru
1
⸒߁
iu
⸒ࠊࠇࠆ
iwareru
2
㘩ߴࠆ
taberu
㘩ߴࠄࠇࠆ
taberareru
2
⌕ࠆ
kiru
⌕ࠄࠇࠆ
kirareru
3
ߔࠆ
suru
ߐࠇࠆ
sareru
3
ߊࠆ
kuru
ߎࠄࠇࠆ
korareru