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Lesson Code: 407_B158_030607 March 6th 2007 / 2007ᐕ3᦬6ᣣ
158
Kanji Transcript
Kana Transcript
Rǀmaii Transcript
Translation
Vocabulary
Grammar Points
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3
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Who’s watching who?
Beginner Lesson
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Lesson Code: 407_B158_030607 March 6th 2007 / 2007ᐕ3᦬6ᣣ
2
ṽሼ 
౓჻㧝 ᄢዄޔ๮઎ࠍᓙߞߡ޿߹ߔޕ
ᄢዄ㧝 ᢜࠍߘߩ߹߹⷗ᒛߞߡਅߐ޿ޕ
౓჻㧝 ߪ޿ޔੌ⸃㧍
౓჻㧞 ߨޔᄢዄޔᢜߦ⷗ࠄࠇߡ߹ߔߌߤޕߤ
߁ߒ߹ߔ㧫
ᄢዄ㧞 ߓ߾޽ޔ⷗㄰ߖ߫㧫
౓჻㧞 ޽ࠇޔᄢዄߪ⷗ߥ޿ࠎߢߔ߆ޕ
ᄢዄ㧞 ޽ޕߤ߁ߒࠃ߁㧫޽ޔ੹ࡑ࡯ࠫࡖࡦߢ
ᔔߒ޿߆ࠄޕᓟߢޕ
౓჻㧝 ᄢዄ㧍ᄢᄌߢߔ㧍੹ᢜߦ⷗ࠄࠇߡ߹
ߔ㧍๮઎ࠍ㧍
ᄢዄ㧝 ߜࠂߞߣᓙߞߡޕ੹⷗ߡࠆᣇ޽ࠆ޿ߪ
⷗ࠄࠇߡࠆᣇ㧫
౓჻㧝 ਔᣇߢߔ㧍
ᄢዄ㧝 ਔᣇ㧫ߤ߁޿߁ߎߣ㧫
౓჻㧝 ᢜࠍ⷗ߡࠆߌߤޔᢜߦ⷗ࠄࠇߡ߹ߔ㧍
ᄢዄ㧝 ߃߃ߣޕޕޕ߹ߛࠊ߆ࠄߥ޿ޕᚯߞߡ
⋥ធ⺑᣿ߒࠈ㧍
߆ߥ߫ࠎ
౓჻㧝 ߚ޿޿ޔ߼޿ࠇ޿ࠍ߹ߞߡ޿߹ߔޕ
ᄢዄ㧝 ߡ߈ࠍߘߩ߹߹ߺߪߞߡߊߛߐ޿ޕ
౓჻㧝 ߪ޿ޔࠅࠂ߁߆޿㧍
౓჻㧞 ߨޔߚ޿޿ޔߡ߈ߦߺࠄࠇߡ߹ߔߌ
ߤޕߤ߁ߒ߹ߔ㧫
ᄢዄ㧞 ߓ߾޽ޔߺ߆߃ߖ߫㧫
౓჻㧞 ޽ࠇޔߚ޿޿ߪߺߥ޿ࠎߢߔ߆ޕ
ᄢዄ㧞 ޽ޕߤ߁ߒࠃ߁㧫޽ޔ޿߹ࡑ࡯ࠫࡖࡦ
ߢ޿ߘ߇ߒ޿߆ࠄޕ޽ߣߢޕ
౓჻㧝 ߚ޿޿㧍ߚ޿߳ࠎߢߔ㧍޿߹ߡ߈ߦߺ
ࠄࠇߡ߹ߔ㧍߼޿ࠇ޿ࠍ㧍
ᄢዄ㧞 ߜࠂߞߣ߹ߞߡޕ޿߹ߺߡࠆ߶߁޽ࠆ
޿ߪߺࠄࠇߡࠆ߶߁㧫
౓჻㧝 ࠅࠂ߁߶߁ߢߔ㧍
ᄢዄ㧞 ࠅࠂ߁߶߁㧫ߤ߁޿߁ߎߣ㧫
౓჻㧝 ߡ߈ࠍߺߡࠆߌߤޔߡ߈ߦߺࠄࠇߡ
߹ߔ㧍
ᄢዄ㧞 ߃߃ߣޕޕޕ߹ߛࠊ߆ࠄߥ޿ޕ߽ߤߞ
ߡߜࠂߊߖߟߖߟ߼޿ߒࠈ㧍
Translation
Soldier 1 Captain, awaiting orders.
Captain 1 Continue to keep an eye on the enemy.
Soldier 1 Yes, understood!
Soldier 2 Captain, we`re being watched by the enemy
now.
Captain 2 Okay, well... how about looking back at
them?
Soldier 2 Captain, won’t you look?
Captain 2 Ahh, what should I do? I`m busy playing
mah-iong. In a minute.
Soldier 1 Captain! We have an issue! The enemy is
watching us right now. Awaiting orders!
Captain 1 Wait a sec. We’re watching or being
watched?
Soldier 1 Both!
Captain 1 Both? What do you mean?
Soldier 1 We`re watching the enemy, but we`re being
watched by the enemy!
Captain 1 Well... I still don’t understand. Return and
explain it to me directly!
Rǀmaii
Heishi 1 Taii, meirei o matte imasu.
Taii 1 Teki o sono mama mihatte kudasai.
Heishi 1 Hai, ryǀkai!
Heishi 2 Ne, taii, teki ni miraretemasu kedo. Dǀ
shimasu?
Taii 2 JƗ, mikaeseba?
Heishi 2 Are, taii wa minai n desu ka?
Taii 2 A. Dǀ shiyǀ? A, ima mƗian de isogashii
kara. Ato de.
Heishi 1 Taii! Taihen desu! Ima teki ni mi-
raretemasu! Meirei o!
Taii 1 Chotto matte. Ima miteru hǀ aruiwa mi-
rareteru hǀ?
Heishi 1 Ryǀhǀ desu!
Taii 1 Ryǀhǀ? Dǀ iu koto?
Heishi 1 Teki o miteru kedo, teki ni miraretemasu!
Taii 1 Ɯto... mada wakaranai. Modotte choku-
setsu setsumei shiro!
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Lesson Code: 407_B158_030607 March 6th 2007 / 2007ᐕ3᦬6ᣣ
3
Vocabulary - න⺆
Kanji Kana 5ǀPDML English
ᄢዄ ߚ޿޿ taii (military rank oI) captain
๮઎ ߼޿ࠇ޿ meirei order, command
ᢜ ߡ߈ teki enemy
⷗ᒛࠆ ߺߪࠆ miharu to watch, to (stand) guard
ੌ⸃ ࠅࠂ߁߆޿ ryǀkai comprehension, understanding
⷗㄰ߔ ߺ߆߃ߔ mikaesu to look (stare) back at
޽ࠆ޿ߪ ޽ࠆ޿ߪ aruiwa or
ਔᣇ ࠅࠂ߁߶߁ ryǀhǀ both sides
ᚯࠆ ߽ߤࠆ modoru to turn back, to return
⋥ធ ߜࠂߊߖߟ chokusetsu direct, immediate
⺑᣿ߔࠆ ߖߟ߼޿ߔࠆ setsumei suru to explain
Today`s lesson covers the passive oI Class 2 verbs. Passive voice reIers to a sentence structure wherein the
recipient oI some action becomes the grammatical subiect oI the sentence. In Japanese, the passive voice is
indicated by verbs ending in reru.
Technically speaking, there are two kinds oI passive voice in Japanese. The frst, called 'direct passive
voice” (chokusetsu ukemi) roughly corresponds to the normal English passive Iorm. The second, called
'indirect passive voice¨ (kansetsu ukemi) has no easy equivalent in English.
Direct passive voice takes either the direct or indirect obiect oI the equivalent active sentence, and uses it
as the grammatical subiect. The particle ni is normally used to indicate the agent (the doer oI the action),
however, when one wishes to place additional stress on the agent, ni yotte may be used. Kara may also be
used to indicate the agent in cases where a physical obiect has been given Irom the agent.
వ↢ߦปࠄࠇߚޕ
Sensei ni shikarareta.
I was scolded by my teacher.
Indirect passive voice has no easy English equivalent, however, it is similar in meaning to the colloquial
Iorm 'to up and do something to me¨. (See example below.) It is used to indicate that an (oIten negative)
infuence has had some eIIect on the (usually human) subiect. Because this passive is oIten used when the
speaker is showing empathy Ior something that happens to the subiect that is outside oI his/her realm oI
control, this passive Iorm is oIten called 'the troubled passive¨ (meiwaku no ukemi). As an example oI its
usage and translation, consider the Iollowing sentence.
ᆄߦㅏߍࠄࠇߚޕ
Tsuma ni nigerareta.
My wiIe up and leIt me.
Grammar Points
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Lesson Code: 407_B158_030607 March 6th 2007 / 2007ᐕ3᦬6ᣣ
4
To Iorm the passive, simply change the fnal syllable Irom the u column to the a column and add reru. In
the case oI Class 1 verbs ending in u, the u becomes wa. The irregular verbs suru and kuru have irregular
passive coniugations that must be independently memorized, and can be seen in the table below.
Class 'LFWLRQDU\)RUP Passive
1
㄂ߊ
hiku
㄂߆ࠇࠆ
hikareru
1
⹤ߔ
hanasu
⹤ߐࠇࠆ
hanasareru
1
㘶߻
nomu
㘶߹ࠇࠆ
nomareru
1
⸒߁
iu
⸒ࠊࠇࠆ
iwareru
2
㘩ߴࠆ
taberu
㘩ߴࠄࠇࠆ
taberareru
2
⌕ࠆ
kiru
⌕ࠄࠇࠆ
kirareru
3
ߔࠆ
suru
ߐࠇࠆ
sareru
3
ߊࠆ
kuru
ߎࠄࠇࠆ
korareru