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# Solution of Electric Capacitance

1. (c) All the points being equidistant from q0, are at the same potential. Thus, dV = 0 and as such
dW = qdv = 0.

## 3. (a) U =U f U i, and BD = AD AB = 10 cm and CB = 50 cm.

k= [( + )( + )], or q3k = q2q3 ( ) = 8q2q3 whence, k = 8q2

## 4. (a) E = - =- ( ) = 20 (x2 4)-2 (2x) = , At x = 4 m, E = V/m = V/m

5. (c) r1 = OA = ( ) = 2. R2 = OB = 2 0 = 2

As VA = , VB = , pd between A and B = VA VB = 0

6. (b)

7. (d) The given parallel-plate capacitor can be thought of a combination of two capacitors C 1 and C2 in parallel.
A/2 A/2
Clearly, C1 = = .(i) d/2 d/2
K1

C1 K2 C2
d/2 K3 d/2 K3
and C2 = = ..(ii)
A/2
If C is the capacitance with single dielectric constant K, then C = K 0A/d
A/2
(C1 and C2 are parallel)

## As C = C1 + C2, from eqns. (i), (ii) and (iii), we get, and K=

8. (a) The two sets of 4 F and 4 F from series combinations with equivalent capacitance. C = = 2 F,
The equivalent circuit then takes the form as shown. Ceq = 2+4+2 = 8 F.

9. (b) Equivalent capacitance of C1, C2 and C3 (in series), i.e.., Ceq = 6C/11
Clearly, q1 = q2 = q3 = C eq V = 6CV/11, Further, as a4 = C4V = 4CV, q2/q4 = = 3/22
C
10. (b) The given circuit is that of a balanced Wheatstone bridge (as C1/C5 = C4/C3) C1 C5

## where C2 is ineffective. As C ACB = 2 F, C ADB = 2F, A C2 B

CAB = C ACB + C ADB = 4F C4 C3
D
11. (b) Equivalent capacitance, C eq = C + 2C = 3C, As Q1 = CV, Q2 = 2C X 2V
= 4 CV and the two capacitors are connected with opposite polarities,
V Commoin = = = V, U= C eq V2Common = (3C) (V)2 = CV2

12. (d) As the first three capacitors are in parallel, their equivalent capacitance, C = 3 C. The next two capacitors
are again in parallel and their equivalent capacitance, C = 2C.
Since C, C and C (last capacitance) are in series, their equivalent capacitance, (C eq) is given by
= , or C eq = 6C/11

13. (a) The dielectric slab covered from all sides with a metallic foil behaves like a conducting slab. Since it fills
almost the entire space between the plates, d t. Thus, C = =
14. (b) when distance (d) between the plates is increased, its capacitance (C) decreases as C = 0A/d. Since charge
(Q) remains the same (as the charging battery has been disconnected), the pd (V) between the plates
increases (as V = Q/C)

## 15. (c) Ui = (9 X 109) = 99 X 10-3 J, Uf = (9 X 109) = 198 X 10-3 J

W = U f Ui = (198 99) X 10-3 J = 99 X 10-3 J 0.01 J

16. (c) Since = 4, we can connect 4 capacitors in series across 1000 V. The equivalent capacitance of these 4
capacitors is 8 F/4 = 2 F. To get an equivalent capacitance of 16 F, we require 16 F/2 F = 8 such
parallel combinations. Thus, the total number of capacitors required = 8 X 4 = 32.

17. (a)

F,

18. (i) When S is open, C eq = = = Charge (q) on both the capacitors will be the

## same (as these are in series), i.e.., q = C eq V = ( F) (30 + 60) V = 108 C

(ii) When S is closed, charge on C 1, i.e.., q1 = C1V1 = (2 F) (30 V) = 60 C
Charge on C2, i.e.., q2 = C2v2 = (3 F) (60 V) = 180 C, Charge on C1 and C2 = 60 C + 180 C = 240 C

19. (a) Electric field is set up from higher potential to lower potential. An electron is negatively charged and moves
opposite to the direction of electric field, i.e.., from lower potential to higher potential.

20. (b) C = , C = =6( )=6C