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EJERCICIO N°1: Determine la curva de deformación de la siguiente viga y

calcule la deformación bajo la carga P.

DESARROLLO

ƩFx=0 HA = 0
−ql
ƩFY=0 VA +¿ VB −P =0
2
ql 2l
ƩMA=0 VB∙ l−¿ ∙ −¿
2 3
5l =0
P
4

ql 2 5 lP 1
(
V B ∙ l=
3
+
4 ) ∙
l
∙ → V B= ( ql3 + 54P )[T ]
ql ql 5 P
V A=
2
+P− −
3 4
→ V A= ( ql6 − P4 ) [T ]
TRAMO I

[( ] 2 4 dy 1 ql P x q x = dx EI − ∙ − ) 6 4 2 24 l +C ₁ / ∫ .M ( x )=( ql6 − P4 )∙ x−( qxl ∙ x2 ) ∙ x3 3 ql P qx M ( x )=( − )∙ x− 6 4 6l d 2 y M ( x) = d x2 EI [( ] 2 3 d y 1 ql P qx 2 = d x EI − ∙ x− 6 4 ) 6l /∫ . y ₁ (x)= 1 EI [( ) ql P x 3 q x 5 − ∙ − 6 4 6 120 l + C ₁∙ x +C ₂ ] CONDICIONES DE BORDE y ₁ (x=0)=0 y ₁ (x=l)=0 [( ] 3 5 1 ql P (0) q( 0) y ₁ (0)= EI − ∙ 6 4 6 −)120l +C ₁∙(0)+C ₂ 1 [ C ₂ ] =0 →C ₂=0 EI y ₁ (l)= 1 EI [( ) ql P l 3 q l 5 − ∙ − 6 4 6 120l +C ₁∙ l+ 0 ] [ 1 q l4 P l3 q l4 − − EI 36 24 120 +C ₁ ∙l =0 ] .

] y ₂ (x)= 1 −P x 3 EI 6 [+C ₃∙ x +C ₄ ] CONDICIONES DE BORDE l y ₁ ' (x=l)= y ₂'( x= ) 4 l y ₂ (x= )=0 4 ql P l 2 q l 4 Pl 2 7 q l 3 −P l 2 ( − ∙ − ) + 6 4 2 24 l 24 360 − = 32 +C ₃ q l3 P l2 q l3 P l2 7 q l3 P l2 − − + − + =C ₃ 12 8 24 24 360 32 8 q l3 40 P l 2 3 q l3 5 P l2 C = − →C ₃= − 360 768 45 96 l y ₂ ( )= 4 [ 1 −P l 3 q l 3 5 Pl 2 l + EI 6 ∙ 64 45 − 96 ( ∙ +C ₄ 4 ) ] . [ 1 84 q l 4 P l 3 EI 4320 24 − 1 ] +C ∙ l = 0→ C ₁= P l2 7 q l3 − 24 360 y ₁ (x)= 1 EI [( ql P x 3 q x 5 ) − ∙ − + Pl 2 7 q l 3 6 4 6 120 l 24 360 − ( ∙x ) ] TRAMO II M ( x )=−Px d2 y 1 dx 2 = EI [ −Px ] /∫ .→ dy 1 −P x 2 = dx EI 2 [ +C ₃ / ∫ .

DESARROLLO Ʃ Fx=0 H A−qR=0 Ʃ F Y =0 V A+ V E−qR−qR=0 . Considere apoyo simple deslizante horizontal en punto E y en punto C sin rotula. [ 1 −P l 3 q l 4 5 Pl 3 + EI 384 180 384 − + C ₄ =0 ] 3 4 3 3 4 3 4 Pl ql 5 Pl 6 Pl ql Pl ql C ₄= − + →C ₄= − → C ₄= − 384 180 384 384 180 64 180 [ ] 3 3 2 3 4 y (x )= 1 −P x EI 6 + ql 5 Pl 45 − 96 ( ∙ x+ Pl ql − 64 180 ) Deformación bajola carga P : y ( x =0 )= − [ 1 P l3 q l4 EI 64 180 ] EJERCICIO N°2: Determine las reacciones del siguiente elemento estructural.

R R 3R Ʃ M A=0 V E ∙2 R−qR −qR −qR =0 2 2 2 3 q R2 5 q R2 5 qR V E ∙ 2 R=q R 2+ → V E∙ 2 R= → V E= [T ] 2 2 4 5 qR 3 qR VA +VE=2 qR → V A=2 qR−V E → V A=2 qR− →V A= [T ] 4 4 H A=qR [T ] EJERCICIO N°3: Determine los Diagramas de Momentos y Corte de la siguiente viga. (Datos: q=1.9 [T∙m]. l =6 [m]). DESARROLLO Ʃ Fx=0 H B=0 2l Ʃ F Y =0 V A+ V B−q =0 3 2l Ʃ M A=0 V A ∙l− q 3 ( ) ∙ l + M =0 . Considere apoyo simple deslizante horizontal en punto A. M=0.5 [T/m].

( 2l3 ) ∙ l−M → V A= 23ql − Ml V A ∙ l= q 2 ql 2 ql 2 ql M M V B= −V A →V B= − + → V B= 3 3 3 l l l TRAMO I 0< x < 3 V ( x ) =−qx 2 x −q x M ( x )=−qx ∙ = 2 2 l TRAMO II 0< x < 3 −M V (x )= l M M ( x )= ∙ x l l 2l TRAMO III 3 <x< 3 −M V (x )= l M M ( x )= ∙ x−M l 2l TRAMO IV 3 < x <l .

9 0. 2l V (x )= −M l ( + q ∙ x− 3 ) 2l )( ) x− M 2l 3 M ( x )= ∙ x−M −q x− l 3 ∙ ( 2 DATOS: q=1.3 [ T ∙m ] 6 TRAMO III 2< x< 4 −0.9 V ( 0 )= =−0.5∙ 2=−3 [ T ] T −1.5 ∙0=0 [T ] V ( x ) =−1.5 2 ∙m] M ( 0 )= ∙0 =0[T ∙ m] M ( x )= x ¿ 2 2 −1.15 [T ] 6 6 0.9 M ( x )= ∙ x [T ∙ m ] M ( 0 )= ∙ 0=0 [ T ∙ m ] 6 6 0.5 x [T ] V ( 2 )=−1.9 V (x )= [T ] 6 −0.15 [T ] 6 −0. l =6 [m] TRAMO I 0< x <2 V ( 0 )=−1.15[T ] 6 −0.5 2 M (2)= ∙ 2 =−3[T ∙ m] 2 TRAMO II 0< x <2 −0.9 M (2)= ∙2=0.9 [T∙m].9 −0.9 V ( 2 )= =−0. M=0.9 V (x )= [T ] V ( 2 )= =−0.5 2 −1.5 [T/m].9 V ( 4 )= =−0.15 [T ] 6 .

9−1.85 ¿ [T ] 6 0.6 [ T ∙ m ] 6 6 0.9 4−4 M ( 4)= 6 ∙ 4−0.5(x−4)¿ 6 −0.9 M ( x )= ∙ x−0.9 M ( x )= ∙ x−0.9 0.15[T ] 6 −0.5 ( 4−4 ) =−0.9 6−4 M ( 6 )= 6 ∙ 6−0.5 ( 6−4 )=2.3[T ∙m] 0. 0.9=−0.5 ( 4−4 )( ) 2 =−0.5 ( x −4 ) [T ] 6 x−4 2 ) [T∙m] 0.9 M ( 4)= ∙ 4−0.5 ( 6−4 )( ) 2 =−3[T ∙ m] DIAGRAMA DE ESFUERZO CORTANTE .9 [ T ∙ m ] M (2)= ∙2−0.9−1.9−1.9 V (x )= +1.3 [T ∙ m] 6 TRAMO IV 4 < x< 6 −0.9 V ( 4 )= +1.9=−0.9 V ( 6 )= +1.

DESARROLLO . Axial y Corte del siguiente modelo estructural.DIAGRAMA DE MOMENTOS FLECTORES EJERCICIO N°4: Determine los Diagramas de Momentos.

Ʃ Fx=0 H A−0.84[T ] Ʃ F Y =0 V A−2.8 ∙2.8−1.6 cos ( 45° ) =0 → H A=0.7 ( 2.8 Sen ( 45 ° )=0 Ʃ M A=0 M A−2.84 ∙ 2.2 ∙ 2.6 cos ( 45 ° ) 2.8 cos ( θ ) )−0.8 cos ( 45° ) ) −2.8 Sen ( θ ) +6.8−2.8−2.5 cos ( 45 ° ) +1.7 [T ] 2.2 [T ∙ m] .84 cos ( θ )−0.8−1.6 Sen ( 45 ° )=0 → V A=6.5 cos ( 45 ° ) 2.2 Sen ( θ )−6.5 Sen ( 45° )−3.2[T ∙ m] TRAMO I N (θ )=0.8 Sen ( 45 ° ) −1.8+2.84 Sen ( θ ) −0.5 Sen ( 45 ° ) ( 2.2cos (θ ) +6.6 Sen (45 ° )¿ M A=20.1−3.7 cos ( θ ) [T ] V (θ )=0.8 cos ( 45° ) +1.8 Sen ( θ )−20.7 Sen ( θ ) [T ] M ( θ )=0.2−2.

8−2.8−2.84 ∙ 2.2−2.5 Sen ( 45 ° ) ( 2.2 Sen ( θ )−6.8 Sen ( θ ) +6.84 Sen ( θ ) −0.7 Sen ( θ )−2.8 cos ( θ ) )−0.8−2.7 ( 2.2cos (θ ) +6.8c TRAMO III N (θ )=0 [T ] V (θ )=0 [T] M ( θ )=0 [T] TRAMO VI N (θ )=0 [T ] .7 cos ( θ ) [T ] V (θ )=0.8 Sen ( θ )−20.5[T ] M ( θ )=0.2 ∙ 2.8 cos ( θ ) −( 2.84 cos ( θ )−0.TRAMO II N (θ )=0.

2 [ T ] M ( 45° )=−13.8 cos ( θ ) −( 2.69 [ T ] V ( 60° ) =3.8cos ( 45 ° ) ) ) −1.8−2.6 [T ] M ( θ )=−1.08 [T ] N ( 45 ° )=−4.2[T ∙ m] M ( 20 ° )=−18.64 [T ] V ( 45 ° )=2.79 [T ] N ( 90 ° )=0.8−2.8 Sen ( 45° ) ) [T ∙ m] TRAMO I 0 ° <θ< 45° T ] N ( 20° ) =−6.6 Sen ( θ ) ( 2.29 [T ] N ( 0° )=−6.7 ¿ V ( 0° )=0.44 [T ∙ m] M ( 69 ° )=−11.6[T ∙ m] TRAMO III 0 ° <θ< 45° N ( 0° )=0[T ] N ( 45 ° )=0 [T ] V ( 0° )=0[T ] V ( 45 ° )=0 [T ] M ( 0 ° )=0 [ T ∙m ] M ( 45° )=0[ T ∙ m] TRAMO IV 45 ° <θ< 90° .89[T ] V ( 45 ° )=5.6 cos ( θ ) ( 2.44 [T ∙ m] TRAMOII 45 ° <θ< 90° N ( 45 ° )=−4.64 [ T ] V ( 20° ) =2.08 [T ∙m] M ( 90 ° ) =−4.46 [T ∙ m] M ( 45° )=−13.8 Sen ( θ )−2. V (θ )=1.29 [T ] N ( 60° ) =−2.19[T ] M ( 0 )=−20.62 [ T ] V ( 90° )=4.

6 [T ] V ( 60° ) =1. N ( 45 ° )=0 [T ] N ( 60° ) =0[T ] N ( 90 ° )=0[T ] V ( 45 ° )=1.6[T ] M ( 45° )=0[T ∙ m] M ( 60 ° )=−1.6[T ] V ( 90° )=1.16 [T ∙ m] M ( 90 ° ) =−3.17 [T ∙m] DIAGRAMA DE ESFUERZO AXIAL DIAGRAMA DE ESFUERZO CORTANTE .

DIAGRAMA DE MOMENTO FLECTOR .