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Steel Design Guide

Base Plate and
Anchor Rod Design
Second Edition

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1 Steel Design Guide Base Plate and Anchor Rod Design Second Edition JAMES M. Milwaukee.indd 1 3/31/10 11:54:20 AM . Minnesota am erican ins t i t ut e of s t e e l cons t ruc t i o n 00i-0vi_DG1_titlePage_acknow_TOC. P. KLOIBER.C. FISHER. S. Wisconsin and LAWRENCE A. P.E. Computerized Structural Design.E..D. LeJuene Steel Company Minneapolis. Ph.

The information presented in this publication has been prepared in accordance with recognized engineering principles and is for general information only. Anyone making use of this information assumes all liability arising from such use. and applicability by a licensed professional engineer. While it is believed to be accurate. designer or architect. Caution must be exercised when relying upon other specifications and codes developed by other bodies and incorporated by reference herein since such material may be modified or amended from time to time subsequent to the printing of this edition.indd 2 3/31/10 11:54:20 AM . Printed in the United States of America First Printing: May 2006 Second Printing: March 2010 00i-0vi_DG1_titlePage_acknow_TOC. that this information is suitable for any general or particular use or of freedom from infringement of any patent or patents. AISC © 2006 by American Institute of Steel Construction All rights reserved. The AISC logo is a registered trademark of AISC. The publication of the material contained herein is not intended as a representation or warranty on the part of the American Institute of Steel Construction or of any other person named herein. suitability. This book or any part thereof must not be reproduced in any form without the written permission of the publisher. this information should not be used or relied upon for any specific application without competent professional examination and verification of its accuracy. The Institute bears no responsibility for such material other than to refer to it and incorporate it by reference at the time of the initial publication of this edition.

Sharp Samuel S. Steel Structure Research Laboratory. Disque Davis G. Special appreciation is also extended to Carol T. Parsons II James Doyle William T. Falconer Bozidar Stojadinovic Marshall T. Vissat Allen J. Ferrell Raymond Tide Roger D. Williams of Computerized Structural Design for typing the manuscript. Carter David McKenzie Brad Davis Richard Orr Robert O. Kyeonggi-Do. Hamilton Gary C. Dexter from the University of Minnesota. Research Institute of Industrial Science & Technology (RIST). AISC would also like to thank the following individuals who assisted in reviewing the drafts of this Design Guide for their insightful comments and suggestions. Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank Robert J. John DeWolf from the University of Connecticut and David Ricker (retired) from Berlin Steel Construction Company. Lindley II Charles J. suggestions and their writing of Appendix B. Harrold i 00i-0vi_DG1_titlePage_acknow_TOC. Segui Richard M. Eskildsen Victor Shneur Daniel M.indd 1 3/31/10 11:54:20 AM . for their writing of Appendix A and the first draft of this Guide. Drake David F. and thank Christopher Hewitt and Kurt Gustafson of AISC for their careful reading. and Daeyong Lee. Violette John Harris Floyd J. Kulak Crystal Blanton Bill R. Victoria Arbitrio Donald Johnson Reidar Bjorhovde Geoffrey L. The authors also recognize the contributions of the authors of the first edition of this guide. South Korea.

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.................. FABRICATION...................... 27 2... 44 3........5............................................ 15 4.......1 Concrete Bearing Limit.............1 Setting Nut and Washer Method..................3 Base Plate Yielding Limit 4.3 Anchor Rod Projection Too Long 4....2 Setting Plate Method.....1 Concentric Compressive Axial Loads.............................. 3 3.....................3 Design of Column Base Plates with Small Moments..3....................................................................... 10 Confinement). 16 4................1 Material Specifications.......................... 9 4..........0 INTRODUCTION.................. 8 3... 9 2.............. 30 2.......... 2 3.............. 5 3. 22 3... 24 3.........3 Example: Available Tensile Strength of a w-in..................................................2 Anchor Rods Bent or Not Vertical........................................... Anchor Rod..5..........................4 Base Plate Welding ............................11 Anchor Rod Repairs........ 12 4........................ 6 3.... 8 3............4........................................ 27 2.................5 Hairpins and Tie Rods...............................................................9..................................................................0 DESIGN EXAMPLES.............2 Base Plate Yielding Limit (W-Shapes)..10 Example: Edge Distance for Shear............ 30 2........... 27 2.......12 Details for Seismic Design......1.......... 6 3....... 47 3.. 24 3...9........... 30 2................ 41 (HSS and Pipe).............. 25 3............11..................................................... 42 3.2 Base Plate Yielding Limit 2................. 25 iii 00i-0vi_DG1_titlePage_acknow_TOC....3 Shear in Anchor Rods .........4 Setting Large Base Plates.............. 39 3..............................4 General Design Procedure......... 8 in the Concrete.......................2.......2 Tensile Axial Loads.............3 Base Plate Yielding Limit at 2............................5 Design for Shear..........................10 Grouting Requirements......4 Design of Column Base Plates with Large Moments............. 27 2........7 Example: Large Moment Base Plate Design......4 Anchor Rod Pattern Rotated 90°.. 1 3.....9 Example: Shear Lug Design.........................11 Example: Anchor Rod Resisting 3.................2 Base Plate Flexural Yielding Limit at Bearing Interface........3.....4 Example: Concrete Embedment Strength.....3............5....5. 26 2.................... 30 2.............. 16 4.....................8 Anchor Rod Placement and Tolerances ..................................... 33 PLATE CONNECTIONS...............2 Base Plate Material Selection...........5 Anchor Rod Material..... 9 4............................................................... 26 2.....9............4 General Design Procedure......................... 28 2.......................... 2 Anchor Rod Forces..................4 General Design Procedure...........11.......1 Concrete Bearing and INSTALLATION AND REPAIRS...... 14 Tensile Loads .............1 Anchor Rod Tension .....5..............5 Example: Column Anchorage for 3...................................................... 37 3....................11............ 9 3...... 3....... 13 4.......2... 7 3...................................................................6 Example: Small Moment Base Plate Design.9.........11........... 2 at Bearing Interface.........4................. 10 Axial Compressive Load (Using 2.1.2 Concrete Anchorage for Tensile Forces.. 26 2.. Table of Contents 1..................................9 Column Erection Procedures..........4.......................... 4 Tension Interface..............7 Anchor Rod Sizing and Layout.........1 Anchor Rods in the Wrong Position...... 43 3..... 32 2.1 Concrete Bearing Stress........................4 Interaction of Tension and Shear 2.... 14 4.......1.................... 18 4...2 Bearing..6 Anchor Rod Holes and Washers.0 MATERIALS......................... 18 Combined Tension and Shear..........indd 3 3/31/10 11:54:20 AM ...4................... 25 2.... 34 3...................3 Shim Stack Method.........0 DESIGN OF COLUMN BASE 4........................ 20 REFERENCES...... 33 3..2 Example: Base Plate for Concentric or Too Short..8 Example: Shear Transfer Using Bearing..........3....3 Base Plate Fabrication and Finishing.........1 Example: Base Plate for Concentric 2.. 9 Axial Compressive Load (No Concrete 2..................................3 Base Plate Flexural Yielding at Tension Interface.1...... 11 Concrete Confinement).......1 Friction..

............................................ Design Requirements for B.................. 49 Effects of Eccentricity..... Triangular Pressure A2.............................. 57 Joints............ Inspection and Maintenance After Installation... 57 A1.. 58 for Anchor Rods......................... Pretensioned Joints And B....... 49 from Required Strength....................... 57 Special Structures..............indd 4 3/31/10 11:54:20 AM .. Design Requirements..............2 Design Procedure for a Large Moment Base........2 Determining Required Base Plate Thickness A1......1 Design Procedure for a Small Moment Base..........4............................. 52 Distribution Approach..................................................... 49 B............................. 54 Design...........................3 Determination of Required Stress and for Anchor Rods.. Triangular Pressure Distribution Approach................ 54 B....... 59 A2..............2 Tensile Fatigue Limit State B..................... 50 B...........2 Example: Large Moment Base Plate A3......5..................... APPENDIX A APPENDIX B Special Considerations For Double-Nut Triangular Pressure Distribution.......... 60 A2...............1 Compression Limit State B.................1 Introduction.............................2 Pretensioned Joints.... 57 A1..4............... 51 Design.1 Example: Small Moment Base Plate Pretensioned Joints.1 Double-Nut Joints........ 62 iv 00i-0vi_DG1_titlePage_acknow_TOC...5..