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You are on page 1of 25

Winter 2013

Mid Term Exam I + Solution

Tuesday, February 26, 2013

Name_______________________________

Honor Code___________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________

(Sign at the end of exam period)

1) ____/ 5 pts

2) ____/ 5 pts

3) ____/ 5 pts

4) ____/ 5 pts

5) ____/ 5 pts

6) ____/ 5 pts

7) ____/ 10 pts

8) ____/ 15 pts

9) ____/ 20 pts

10) ____/ 25 pts

Total ____/100 pts

_____ I have a Laptop with Polymath on it that I can bring to the 2nd Midterm Exam.

_____ I will need to use the computer lab for the 2nd Midterm Exam.

ChE 344

Exam I

(5 pts) 1) Chapter 1 Mole Balances

The reaction

A + B 2C

takes place in an unsteady PFR. The feed is only A and B in equimolar proportions. Which of

the following set of equations gives the correct mole balances on A, B and C. Species A and

B are disappearing and SpeciesC is being formed.

Circle the correct answer where all the mole balances are correct

(a)

V dN A

FA0 F A rAdV =

dt

V dNC V

FB0 F B rAdV = Ans: Wrong sign for rA , should be + rAdV

dt

V dNC

FC + 2 rAdV =

dt

(b)

V dN A

FA0 F A + rAdV =

0 dt

V dN B

FB0 F B + rAdV = Ans: Wrong sign for FC , should be FC

dt

V dNC

FC + rC dV =

dt

(c)

V dN A

FA0 F A + rAdV =

dt

V dN B

FB0 F B + rAdV = Ans: All are correct.

dt

V dNC

FC 2 rAdV =

dt

(d)

V dN A

FA0 F A rAdV =

dt

V dN B V

FB0 F B rAdV = Ans: Wrong sign for rA , should be + rAdV

dt

V dNC

FC + rC dV =

dt

Solution

Answer is (c).

W13MidTermExamI.doc

(5 pts) 2) The reaction

A Product

takes place in the gas phase

80

70

60

50

FA0

(dm3) 40

rA

30

20

10

You have up to $10,000 to use to purchase a reactor from those given below.

CSTR 1 2 $1,000

CSTR 1 4 $2,000

PFR 1 4 $2,000

CSTR 1 6 $4,000

CSTR 1 12 $8,000

PFR 1 12 $6,000

What reactors do you choose, how do you arrange them and what is the highest conversion

you can get for $10,000? Approximately what is the corresponding highest conversion

X = ______ with your arrangement of reactors?

etc.

W13MidTermExamI.doc

Solution

X=0.8

80

70

60

50

FA0

(dm3) 40

rA

30

20

4m3 4m3 12m3

10

CSTR PFR

0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9

W13MidTermExamI.doc

(5 pts) 3) Chapter 3 Rate Laws

Write the rate law in terms of concentrations for each of the following

(a) The reaction

2C

4A + 2B

follows an elementary rate law. The feed is equal molar in A and B

rA = ____________

(b) The reaction

A B+ C

is pseudo first order at high concentrations of A and

pseudo second order at low

concentrations of A

rA = ____________

(c) The reaction

A+B C

is first order in A and overall zero order.

rA = ____________

(d) The reaction

A B+ C

is carried out in a constant volume batch reactor and

where the reciprocal of the

concentration of A varies linearly with time.

rA = ____________

(e) The reaction

A B+ C

is carried out in a constant volume batch reactor andwhere the concentration of A

decreases linearly with time.

rA = ____________

Solution

# CC2 &

(a) rA = k A %C 4A C 2B (

$ KC '

k 1C 2A

(b) rA =

1+ k 2 C A

k 1C A

(c) rA =

CB

(d) rA = kC 2A

(e) rA = k

W13MidTermExamI.doc

(5 pts) 4) What four things are wrong with this solution?

The gas phase elementary reaction

2A B + 2C

mol

C t0 = 0.4 mol

dm 3 C t 0 = 0.4

B dm 3

10mol

FA0 = 10mol

s FA0 =

s

is carried out in a membrane reactor in which there is pressure drop with

= 0.019 kg1. An equal molar feed of A and inerts, I, enter the reactor and only species B

can exit the membrane. Plot the conversion of A down the membrane reactor containing 50

kg of catalyst. The specific reaction rate is kA = 2.5 dm6/mol/kg/s, and the mass transfer

coefficient k C =1.5 dm 3 kg s ,

Solution

Identify 4 things that are incorrect or may not be included with this solution?

Reads Should Read

1. Line # ___ _________________________ _________________________

2. Line # ___ _________________________ _________________________

3. Line # ___ _________________________ _________________________

4. Line # ___ _________________________ _________________________

W13MidTermExamI.doc

Actual Solution

rB = kC A rA = kC 2A

1) should be

rB rA

rA = rB =

2) 2 should be 2

FT = FA + FB + FC FT = FA + FB + FC + FI

3) should be

dy FT

12 =

y = (1 w) dW 2y FT 0

4) should

be

W13MidTermExamI.doc

(5 pts) 5) Problem Statement. The elementary gas phase reaction

A + 2B " "C

is carried out in a packed bed reactor. Calculate the exit conversion from a PBR packed with

800 kg of catalyst. The feed is stoichiometric.

Additional Information

Solution

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

What four things are wrong or may not be included with this solution?

Reads Should Read

1. Line # ___ _________________________ _________________________

2. Line # ___ _________________________ _________________________

3. Line # ___ _________________________ _________________________

4. Line # ___ _________________________ _________________________

Solution

1) The rate law is incorrect. It should be:

W13MidTermExamI.doc

2) The concentrations are incorrect, the feed is stoichiometric.

4) The equation for y is incorrect. There is volume change and can only be

used when . Therefore, the form of the momentum balance that must be used is

Corrected Solution

W13MidTermExamI.doc

W13MidTermExamI.doc

(5 pts) 6) Chapter 7Analysis of Data

(2 pts) 6a) From the following plot, what is the reaction order with respect to A?

A) 0

B) 0.5

C) 0.78

D) 1

E) 2

Explain

Solution

D) 1

Slope = 1.01 1

(3 pts) 6b) The following reaction, batch experiments are conducted to evaluate the reaction kinetics.

The slope of a ln (rB) versus ln (CB) plot is measured to be 1.02 and the intercept is 0.42

when A is in great excess. What is the overall reaction order?

A + 2B Products

Circle the correct answer.

A) 0.42

B) 1.02

C) 1.44

D) Cant tell on the basis of this experiment

Explain

W13MidTermExamI.doc

Solution

D) Cant tell on the basis of this experiment

rB % r (

rA = = kCACB = ln' B * = ln k + ln C A + ln C B

2 & 2 )

Both C A and C B vary, need to find by varying C A

W13MidTermExamI.doc

(10 pts) 7) Chapter 4 Stoichiometry

The reversible reaction

B

2A

is carried out in a flow reactor where pure A is fed at a concentration of 4.0 mol/dm3. If the

equilibrium conversion is found to be 60%

(a) What is the equilibrium constant, KC if the reaction is a gas phase reaction?

Gas KC =

Liquid KC =

Solution

(a) Gas

& 2 C #

rA = k $C A B !

% KC "

At equilibrium, rA = 0

C

K Ce = Be2

C Ae

1 1 1

= 1 = , y A0 = 1, =

2 2 2

' (1 X ) $

C A = C A0 % "

& (1 + X )#

' 1X $

C B = C A0 % 2 "

& (1 + X )#

' 1X $

C A0 % 2 e "

K Ce = & (1 + X e )# = X e (1 + X e )

2 2

2 ' (1 X e ) $

2C A0 (1 X e )

C A0 % "

& (1 + X e )#

X e (1 0.5 X e ) 0.6(0.7 )

= 2

= 2

2C A0 (1 X e ) 8(0.4 )

= 0.328 dm 3 / mol

(b) Liquid

& 2 C #

rA = k $C A B !

% KC "

At equilibrium, rA = 0

C

K Ce = Be2

C Ae

W13MidTermExamI.doc

C A = C A0 (1 X )

C B = C A0 12 X

C A0 [12 X e ] Xe

K Ce = 2 2

= 2

C A0 (1 X e ) 2C A0 (1 X e )

0.6

= 2

8(0.4 )

= 0.469 dm 3 / mol

W13MidTermExamI.doc

(15 pts) 8) Multiple Choice (15 points)

(3 pts) 8a) A reversible, liquid-phase reaction that is first order in both directions proceeds to 50%

conversion in a PFR operating isothermally, isobarically, and at steady state. What conversion

would be obtained in a CSTR with the same volume and feed stream and operating at exactly

the same temperature and pressure?

answer definitively

Reason:

Solution

8a) Answer: (B) X < 50%

FA0

rA

X 0.5

(3 pts) 8b) The gas reaction A + B C is carried out in a packed bed where there is pressure drop.

Currently 40% conversion is achieved. If the catalyst weight remains the same, but the particle

size is increased, then the conversion would

(A) increase (B) decrease (C) remain the same (D) insufficient information

answer definitively

Reason:

Solution

8b) Answer: (D) insufficient information to tell. You dont know which part of the curve

you are on.

DP

(3 pts) 8c) For in irreversible second order reaction 50% conversion is currently achieved in one PFR of

1,000 dm3. It is proposed to use two 500 dm3 PFRs placed in series. The exit conversion for the

two PFRs will be

(1) > 50% (2) 50% (3) 50% < (4) Cant tell without the rate law

W13MidTermExamI.doc

FA 0

rA

Solution

8c) Answer: (2) 50%

F A0

1 PFR rA 2 PFRs

(3 pts) 8d) The rate constant for an irreversible, heterogeneously catalyzed, gas-phase, second order

reaction, A Product(s), was determined to be 0.234 from experimental data in a packed-bed

reactor. The person analyzing the experimental failed to include the large pressure drop in the

reactor in his analysis. If the pressure drop were properly accounted for, the rate constant

would be

(1) >0.234 (2) < 0.234 (3) 0.234 (4) insufficient information to answer definitively

Solution

8d) Answer: (1) >0.234

2 2

rA = kC A0 (1 X ) y 2

rA ky 2

y2 < 1

k true y 2 = k = 0.234

0.234

k true = > 0.234

y2

W13MidTermExamI.doc

(3 pts) 8e) Consider the reaction

AB

If the diameter of a PBR is doubled while keeping the turbulent flow mass flow rate, m ,

constant, what can be said about that factor by which the rate of pressure drop (dy/dW) will

be lowered?

Circle the correct answer.

A) It will be lowered by a factor of 4

B) It will be lowered by a factor of 16

C) It will be lowered by a factor of 32

D) It will be lowered by a factor of 48 or more

Explain

Solution

8e) Answer: D

It will be lowered by more than a factor of 48.

m

G ~ 2 , AC ~ D2

D2

G 2 $ 1 '$ 1 ' 1

~ ~ & )& ) =

AC % D4 (% D2 ( D6

$ D '6 $ 1 '6

2 = & 1 ) = 1& ) = 1

% D2 ( %2( 64

W13MidTermExamI.doc

(20 pts) 9) Study Problem P5-20B, Modified California Problem

The elementary gas phase reaction

A+BC+D

takes place isobarically and isothermally in a PFR where 50% conversion is achieved. The

feed is equimolar in A and B. It is proposed to put a CSTR of equal volume upstream, i.e.,

of the PFR. What will be the intermediate and exit conversions X1 and X2 respectively? The

entering flow rates and all other variables remain the same as that for the single PFR.

X1 = ________

X2 = ________

Solution

Case 1

dX

Mole Balance = rA

dV

Rate Law rA = kC AC B

Stoichiometry

Gas = 0, B = 1

C A = C A0 (1 X)

C B = C A0 (1 X)

2

Combine rA = kC 2A0 (1 X)

2

dX kC 2A0 (1 X)

=

dV FA0

dX kC 2A0

= dV

(1 X) 2 FA0

V=0 , X=0

V = V, X = 0.5

W13MidTermExamI.doc

X dX X kC 2A0

0 = = V

(1 X) 2 1 X FA0

kC 2A0 0.5

V= =1

FA0 1 0.5

Case 2

FA0 X

(1) VCSTR =

rA

(2) & (3) Rate Law, Stoichiometry same as Case 1

FA0 X1

VCSTR = 2

kC 2A0 (1 X1 )

VkC 2A0 X1

=1=

FA0 1 2X1 + X12

1 2X1 + X12 = X1

X12 3X1 + 1 = 0

3 9 4 3 5 3 2.24

X1 = = = = 0.38

2 2 2

PFR X1 = 0.38

2 2

dX kC A0 (1 X) X2 dX kC 2A0V

= , X =

dV FA0 1

(1 X) 2 FA0

V=0 X = X1 = 0.38

V=V X = X2

kC 2A0V 1 1

=1=

FA0 1 X 2 1 X1

1 1 1

= 1+ = 1+ = 2.62

1 X 2 1 X1 0.62

1 X 2 = 0.38

X 2 = 0.62

W13MidTermExamI.doc

(25 pts) 10) Study problem P5-9B. The gas phase reaction

A B+ C

follows an elementary rate law and is to be carried out first in a PFR and then in a separate

experiment in a CSTR. When Pure A is fed to a 10 dm3 PFR at 300K and a volumetric flow

rate of 5 dm3/s the conversion is 80%.

When a mixture of 50% A and 50% inert (I) is fed to a 10 dm3 CSTR at 320K and a

volumetric flow rate of 5 dm3/s the conversion is 80%.

E = ________________

Solution

PFR

dX rA kC A0 (1 X) k (1 X)

= = =

dV FA0 C A0 0 (1+ X) 0 (1+ X)

X (1+ X)dX = k dV = k

0

(1 X) 0

1 '' 1 * *

k = ))(1+ ) ln , X,

(( 1 X + +

10dm 3

= = 2s

5 dm 3 s

= y A0 =1(1+11) =1

1' . 1 1 *

k = )(1+1) ln0 3 0.8,

2( /1 0.8 2 +

1

k = [2 1.61 0.8] =1.209 at 300K

2

CSTR

FA0 X 0C A0 X 0 X(1+ X)

V= = =

rA (1 X) k (1 X)

kC A0

(1+ X)

W13MidTermExamI.doc

1

= (1+11)

2

= 0.5

k= = ' *

(1 X) 2 '& 0.2 *)

= 2.8

k E#1 1 &

ln 2 = % (

k 1 R $ T1 T2 '

2.8 E# 1 1 & E 20

ln = % (=

1.21 R $ 300 320 ' R (320)(300)

E=R

(300)(320) ln 2.8 , R =1.987

cal

20 1.21 molK

cal

E = 8010

mol

W13MidTermExamI.doc

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