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GMR Institute of Technology

Rajam, Andhra Pradesh


(An Autonomous Institution Affiliated to JNTUK, AP)

Department of Chemical Engineering


rd
Class 3 Sem. - B. Tech. (Chemical Engineering)
Course Chemical Process Calculations Course Code CHEM-2403
Prepared by Mr. P. Satya Sagar, Sr. Assistant Professor
Lecture Topic Wet bulb and dry bulb temperature
Course Outcome CCHEM203.2 Program Outcome PO1,PO13
Duration 50 min Lecture 11 of 45 Unit I
REMEMBER UNDERSTAND APPLY ANALYSE EVALUATE CREATE
Learning Level
(Tick whichever is applicable)

1. Objectives
a. To familiarize concept of Wet bulb and dry bulb temperature
2. Topic Learning Outcomes
After the completion of the class the students will able to:
a. Calculate Wet and Dry Bulb Temperatures, dew point
3. Teaching Methodology
a. Chalk & Talk/PPT Mode
4. Applications
a. Drying,
b. Condensation,
c. Distillation,
d. Air conditioning,
e. Air separation,
f. Humidification
g. Dehumidification
5. Evocation

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6. Discussion

Wet and Dry Bulb Thermometry : When a liquid evaporates into a large volume of an unsaturated gas
which is initially at the same temperature as the liquid, if no heat, is supplied from an external source, the
liquid will spontaneously cool to supply part of the energy required for vaporization. If the body of
liquid has a large surface area in proportion to its mass, its temperature will quickly drops to an
equilibrium value. This equilibrium temperature attained is determined by a dynamic balance established
between the rate of transfer of heat to the liquid from the warmer ambient gas and the rate of transfer of
vapor from the liquid to the ambient gas with absorption by the liquid of the corresponding heat of
vaporization. The equilibrium temperature attained by a liquid which is vaporizing into a gas is termed
the wet-bulb temperature and is always less than the actual dry-bulb temperature of the gas into which
evaporation is taking place. If the gas is initially saturated with the given vapor, then neither
vaporization of the liquid nor depression of the wet-bulb temperature occurs. It is therefore convenient to
use the depression of the wet-bulb temperature as a measure of the degree of unsaturation of the mixture
of gas and vapor.

In other words the temperature measured by a bare thermometer is called the dry bulb temperature. The
temperature measured by a thermometer with a wet wick covering the bulb, under equilibrium condition,
is called the wet bulb temperature.

Form No. AC 04. 00.2016 GMRIT, Rajam, Andhra PradeshGMRIT 2


Humidity chart for Air-water
system Use of humidity charts
for engineering calculations

Department of Chemical Engineering


Class 3rd Sem. - B. Tech. (Chemical Engineering)
Course Chemical Process Calculations
Prepared by Mr. P. Satya Sagar, Sr. Assistant Professor

7. Mind Map

8. Readings:
1. Hougen, Olaf A., and Kenneth M. Watson. "Chemical Process Principles-Part 1: Material
and Energy Blances." (1948)
2. Himmelblau, David Mautner, and James B. Riggs. Basic principles and calculations in
chemical engineering. FT Press, 2012
3. Bhatt, B. I., and S. M. Vora. Stoichiometry:(si units). Tata McGraw-Hill Pub. Co., 1996

Form No. AC 04. 00.2016 GMRIT, Rajam, Andhra PradeshGMRIT 3


4. http://nptel.ac.in/courses/123106002/MODULE%20-%20III/Lecture%202.pdf
5. http://www.srh.noaa.gov/srh/dad/sfc/metar/CHAPTER%206.pdf

9. Questions:
Remember:
1. Define the fallowing Wet and Dry Bulb Thermometry

Apply:
1. A mixture of benzene and dry air at a temperature of 300C and a pressure of 750 mm Hg is
found to have a dew point of 150C. Vapour pressure of benzene at 300C is 118.5 mm Hg.
Calculate

(a) Percentage by volume of benzene.

(b) Moles of benzene per mole of air.

(c) Weight of benzene per unit weight of air.

10. Key Words:


Wet and Dry Bulb Temperatures,
Thermometry,
Dew point

Form No. AC 04. 00.2016 GMRIT, Rajam, Andhra PradeshGMRIT 4