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Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company

Specification for HVAC


LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

SPECIFICATION FOR HVAC

DOCUMENT
NO. : - S - 0 0 0 - 5 3 5 Z - 0 0 2

OMAN REFINERIES AND PETROCHEMICALS COMPANY LLC


SOHAR, SULTANATE OF OMAN

This document is developed based on


FEED doc S-000-535Z-002 Rev. No.1

2 23-June-2014 Issued For Design VAG MRD PK SL/MKG

1A 8-Apr-2014 Issued For Information VAG MRD PK SL/MKG

1 05-Mar-2012 Issued For FEED

0 31-Oct-2011 Issued For FEED

ORIGINAL CHECKED APPROVED APPROVED


REV DATE DESCRIPTION
BY BY BY BY

CONTRACTOR

1 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

REVISION HISTORY
Revision Total List of Updated / Modified Sections
Number Purpose Number of (if any)
Sheets
1A Issued for Information 73 Section 1.0, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 3.0, 5.1, 5.3,
5.7, 5.8, 5.9, 5.10, 5.11, 5.12, 5.13, 6.1,
6.2, 6.3, 8.6, 8.7, 8.8, 8.15, 8.17, 9.1, 9.2
are updated.
2 Issued for Design 64 Section 5.13.1, 6.3.1, 6.3.2, 6.3.3, 6.3.4,
6.3.7, 6.3.11, 6.3.15, 6.3.16, 6.3.17,
6.3.18, 6.3.19, 6.3.20, 6.3.21, 6.3.22,
6.3.23, 6.3.25, 8.8.4, 8.14.3, 9.1

HOLD LIST

Hold No. Para / Page Description

2 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

Table of Contents

1.0 INTRODUCTION...................................................................................................................... 7

2.0 REFERENCES......................................................................................................................... 8
2.1 CODES AND STANDARDS ......................................................................................................... 8
2.2 PROJECT SPECIFICATION ....................................................................................................... 10
2.3 ORDER OF PRECEDENCE........................................................................................................ 11

3.0 DEFINITIONS ........................................................................................................................ 11

4.0 GENERAL.............................................................................................................................. 12
4.1 LANGUAGE AND UNITS ........................................................................................................... 12
4.2 DOCUMENTATION ..................................................................................................................... 13
4.3 SPARE PARTS FOR COMMISSIONING AND 2 YEARS OPERATION ................................... 13

5.0 DESIGN CRITERIA ............................................................................................................... 13


5.1 CALCULATION ........................................................................................................................... 13
5.2 GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION OF THE SITE ............................................................................ 13
5.3 EXTERNAL DESIGN CONDITIONS ........................................................................................... 13
5.4 INTERNAL DESIGN CONDITIONS ............................................................................................ 14
5.5 ELECTRICAL POWER SUPPLY CONDITIONS ........................................................................ 14
5.6 HAZARDOUS AREA CLASSIFICATION ................................................................................... 14
5.7 VENTILATION SYSTEM ............................................................................................................. 14
5.7.1 General ........................................................................................................................ 14
5.7.2 Air Change .................................................................................................................. 15
5.7.3 Air Distribution ........................................................................................................... 16
5.8 AIR FILTRATION SYSTEM ........................................................................................................ 16
5.8.1 Central System ........................................................................................................... 16
5.8.2 Fresh Air Intake .......................................................................................................... 16
5.9 PRESSURIZATION SYSTEM ..................................................................................................... 17
5.10 AIR DUCT SYSTEMS ................................................................................................................. 18
5.11 PIPING......................................................................................................................................... 19
5.11.1 Refrigerant Piping ...................................................................................................... 19
5.11.2 Drain Piping ................................................................................................................ 19
5.12 THERMAL INSULATION ............................................................................................................ 19
5.12.1 General ........................................................................................................................ 19

3 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

5.12.2 For Duct Work ............................................................................................................ 19


5.12.3 For Piping System...................................................................................................... 20
5.13 HVAC CONTROL SYSTEM ........................................................................................................ 21
5.13.1 General ........................................................................................................................ 21
5.13.2 Safety System ............................................................................................................. 21
5.14 NOISE AND VIBRATION ............................................................................................................ 22
5.14.1 Room Noise Limit ....................................................................................................... 22
5.14.2 Vibration ...................................................................................................................... 22

6.0 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION ....................................................................................................... 22


6.1 HVAC SYSTEM COMPONENT .................................................................................................. 22
6.1.1 Control Building, Fire station and Truck Loading Building ................................... 22
6.1.2 Substations, Satellite Instrument Houses ............................................................... 22
6.1.3 Security Office, Guard Houses ................................................................................. 23
6.2 SPARING PHILOSOPHY FOR HVAC EQUIPMENT ................................................................. 23
6.2.1 Control Buildings, Satellite Instrument Houses and Truck Loading Building &
Substations ................................................................................................................. 23
6.2.2 Exhaust Fan for Battery Room ................................................................................. 23
6.3 BUILDINGWISE HVAC SYSTEM DESCRIPTION ..................................................................... 23
6.3.1 Integrated Control Building (88ICB11) ..................................................................... 23
6.3.2 Main Intake Substation (88MSS02)........................................................................... 25
6.3.3 Main Receiving Substation (88MRS00) .................................................................... 26
6.3.4 Sea Water Intake Substation (88SS92) .................................................................... 27
6.3.5 Substation (88SS14) .................................................................................................. 28
6.3.6 Substation (88SS15) .................................................................................................. 28
6.3.7 Substation (88SS16) .................................................................................................. 28
6.3.8 Substation (88SS17) .................................................................................................. 29
6.3.9 Substation (88SS18) .................................................................................................. 29
6.3.10 Satellite Instrument House (88SIH11) ...................................................................... 29
6.3.11 Satellite Instrument House (88SIH12) ...................................................................... 29
6.3.12 Satellite Instrument House (88SIH13) ...................................................................... 30
6.3.13 Satellite Instrument House (88SIH16) ...................................................................... 30
6.3.14 Satellite Instrument House (88SIH17) ...................................................................... 30
6.3.15 Truck Loading Building (88TLB11+88SS42+88SIH15) ........................................... 30
6.3.16 Tankage Area Substation & SIH Building (88SS41+88SIH14) ............................... 32
6.3.17 Fire Station (88FS11) ................................................................................................. 33
6.3.18 Maintenance Workshop (88WS11) ........................................................................... 34
6.3.19 Extension of Existing Laboratory (88LAB11) .......................................................... 35
6.3.20 Change & Shower Building (88CSB11) .................................................................... 36
6.3.21 Operator Shelter 11 to 16 (88OS11, 12, 13, 14, 15 & 16) ......................................... 37
6.3.22 Guard House for Main Entrance (88GH11) .............................................................. 38

4 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

6.3.23 Guard House for Main Entrance (88GH12) .............................................................. 38


6.3.24 Guard House for Plant Entrance (88GH13).............................................................. 39
6.3.25 Truck Loading Satellite Office (88GH14) ................................................................. 39
6.3.26 Guard House for Plant Entrance (88GH16).............................................................. 40

7.0 TESTING, ADJUSTING AND BALANCING ......................................................................... 40

8.0 DETAILED EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS ......................................................................... 40


8.1 GENERAL ................................................................................................................................... 40
8.2 CODES/STANDARDS ................................................................................................................ 41
8.3 ENVIRONMENTAL CONSTRAINTS .......................................................................................... 41
8.4 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR HVAC EQUIPMENT/MATERIALS .................................... 41
8.5 NOISE AND VIBRATION ............................................................................................................ 42
8.6 AIR CONDITIONING UNITS AND AIR CONDITIONERS .......................................................... 42
8.6.1 General Requirements for Air Conditioning Units and Air Conditioners............. 42
8.6.2 Central Air Conditioning Systems ............................................................................ 43
8.6.3 Duct-Free Split-System Air Conditioners ................................................................ 45
8.7 OUTDOOR AIR INTAKE............................................................................................................. 46
8.7.1 Chemical Filter Unit or Filter Unit ............................................................................. 46
8.8 AIR FILTERS .............................................................................................................................. 47
8.8.1 Filters for Air Handling Units for the Central Air Conditioning Systems: ............ 47
8.8.2 Filters for Single Package Rooftop Air Conditioners: ............................................ 47
8.8.3 Filters for Duct-Free Split-System Air Conditioners and Window Type Room Air
Conditioners: .............................................................................................................. 47
8.8.4 Filters for Chemical Filter Unit or Filter Unit: .......................................................... 47
8.8.5 Filters for a Louver with Filter: ................................................................................. 47
8.9 VENTILATION FANS .................................................................................................................. 48
8.10 HUMIDIFIERS ............................................................................................................................. 48
8.11 STEAM CONVECTORS AND UNIT HEATERS ......................................................................... 49
8.12 ELECTRIC DUCT HEATERS ..................................................................................................... 49
8.13 DUCTWORK, GRILLES, DIFFUSERS AND LOUVERS ............................................................ 50
8.13.1 Ductwork ..................................................................................................................... 50
8.13.2 Ceiling Diffusers and Grilles ..................................................................................... 51
8.13.3 Louvers ....................................................................................................................... 51
8.14 DAMPERS, FIRE DAMPERS AND BLAST RESISTANT VALVES ...................................... 52
8.14.1 Dampers ...................................................................................................................... 52
8.14.2 Fire Dampers .............................................................................................................. 52
8.14.3 Blast Resistant Valves ............................................................................................... 53
8.15 REFRIGERANT PIPING AND CONDENSATE DRAIN PIPING ................................................ 54

5 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

8.15.1 Refrigerant Piping ...................................................................................................... 54


8.15.2 Condensate Drain Piping .......................................................................................... 55
8.16 SUPPLY POWER AND HVAC CONTROL PANELS ................................................................. 55
8.16.1 Supply Power for HVAC Equipment......................................................................... 55
8.17 HVAC CONTROL PANELS ........................................................................................................ 56
8.17.1 General Requirements for HVAC Control Panels ................................................... 56
8.17.2 On/Off Switches for HVAC Control Panels .............................................................. 57
8.17.3 Selector Switches for Cooling and Heating Operation Modes .............................. 57
8.17.4 Selector Switches for Duty and Stand-by Units...................................................... 57
8.17.5 Circuit Breakers ......................................................................................................... 57
8.17.6 Ammeters .................................................................................................................... 58
8.17.7 Thermal Overload Relays .......................................................................................... 58
8.17.8 Indicator Lights .......................................................................................................... 59
8.17.9 Control Signal and Alarm Signal Interface .............................................................. 59

9.0 ANNEXES .............................................................................................................................. 60


9.1 ANNEX-A HVAC INTERNAL DESIGN CONDITION ............................................................ 60

6 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

1.0 INTRODUCTION
This specification defines the (minimum) requirements of detail design and construction for
Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning (HVAC) system of Buildings for the Sohar Refinery
Improvement Project for following buildings.

1. Integrated Control Building (88ICB11)

2. Main Intake Substation (88MSS02)

3. Main Receiving Substation (88MRS00)

4. Sea Water Intake Substation (88SS92)

5. Substation (88SS14)

6. Substation (88SS15)

7. Substation (88SS16)

8. Substation (88SS17)

9. Substation (88SS18)

10. Satellite Instrument House (88SIH11)

11. Satellite Instrument House (88SIH12)

12. Satellite Instrument House (88SIH13)

13. Satellite Instrument House (88SIH16)

14. Satellite Instrument House (88SIH17)

15. Truck Loading Building (88TLB11 + 88SS42+88SIH15)

16. Tankage Area Substation & SIH (88SS41 + 88SIH14)

17. Fire Station (88FS11)

7 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

18. Maintenance Workshop (88WS11)

19. Extension of Existing Laboratory Building (88LAB11)

20. Change & Shower Building (88CSB11)

21. Operator Shelter (88OS11)

22. , Operator Shelter (88OS12)

23. Operator Shelter (88OS13)

24. Operator Shelter (88OS14)

25. Operator Shelter (88OS15)

26. Operator Shelter (88OS16)

27. Guard House for Main Entrance (88GH11)

28. Guard House for Main Entrance (88GH12)

29. Guard House for Plant Entrance (88GH13)

30. Truck Loading Satellite Office (88GH14)

31. Guard House for Plant Entrance (88GH16)

The work shall be performed in accordance with this specification and the following
documents, codes, specifications, and industry standards. See 2.3 for order or precedence.

2.0 REFERENCES
The following documents are referenced herein and form part of the technical requirements.

2.1 CODES AND STANDARDS

The latest editions as per 7th march 2011 shall be used.

Sultanate of Oman MHEW Rules, Regulations and Codes of practice for Design and
Installation of Plumbing and Piping systems for Buildings

8 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

AMCA 210 Laboratory Methods of Testing Fans for Rating

API 5L Specification for Line Pipe

API 600 Steel Gate Valve, Flanged and Buttwelding Ends, Bolted and
Pressure Seal Bonnets

ASHRAE Handbook - Fundamentals

ASHRAE Handbook - HVAC Systems and Equipment

ASHRAE 51 Laboratory Methods of Testing Fans for Rating

ASHRAE 52.1 Gravimetric and Dust Spot Procedures for Testing Air
Cleaning Devices Used in General Ventilation for Removing
Particulate Matter

ASHRAE 62.1 Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality

ASHRAE 111 Practices for Measurement, Testing, Adjusting, and


Balancing of Building Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning,
and Refrigeration Systems

ASME B16.22 Wrought Copper and Copper Alloy Solder Joint Pressure
Fittings

ASTM A653 Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) or


Zinc-Iron Alloy-Coated (Galvannealed) by the Hot-Dip
Process

ASTM B88 Specification for Seamless Copper Water Tube

ASTM B280 Specification for Seamless Copper Tube for Air Conditioning
and Refrigeration Field Service

ASTM C534 Specification for Preformed Flexible Elastomeric Cellular


Thermal Insulation in Sheet and Tubular Form

ASTM C591 Specification for Unfaced Preformed Rigid Cellular


Polyisocyanurate Thermal Insulation

9 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

ASTM D2665 Specification for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Drain,


Waste, and Vent Pipe and Fittings

DIN VDE 0510 Air Changes Battery Rooms

MSS SP-80 Bronze Gate, Globe, Angle and Check Valves by


Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and
Fittings Industry, USA

NFPA 90A Standard for the Installation of Air Conditioning and


Ventilating Systems

SMACNA, HVAC Duct Construction Standards - Metal and Flexible

SMACNA, HVAC Systems - Testing, Adjusting and Balancing

JIS H3300 Copper and Copper Alloy Seamless Pipes and Tubes

UL 555 Standard for Safety, Fire Dampers

2.2 PROJECT SPECIFICATION

S-000-5380-001 Specification for Electrical Facilities

S-000-5382-001 Specification for Motors

S-000-5381-002 Specification low voltage gear and control gear

S-000-5371-201 Specification for cabinet / rack design

S-000-5390-001 Specification for Insulation of Piping & Equipment L-611

S-000-5340-001 Specification for Buildings (Minimum requirements for


Architectural Work)

S-000-5226-001 General Specification for plant noise control

S-000-5226-002 General Specification for equipment noise control

S-000-535Z-003 Seller Document Clarifications Mechanical Equipment

10 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

S-000-5355-001 Site- & Utility Datasheet Mechanical Equipment

S-000-5241-003 Specification for Building Fire Protection System

S-000-5370-002 Instrument Control Philosophy

S-000-5371-002 Specification for Safety Instrumented and Fire and Gas


Systems

S-000-5378-002 Specification for Instrument Cables

2.3 ORDER OF PRECEDENCE

The order of precedence shall be the latest revision of the following:

1. National and / or local regulations, standards and codes.

2. This Project specification.

3. Other Project Specifications and standards

4. International codes and standards

5. Sellers specifications and standards as accepted by Purchaser

The most stringent requirement of 2 thru 6 shall be applied.

Any conflict not solved by the order of precedence shall be referred to Purchaser in writing for
clarification and resolution.

3.0 DEFINITIONS

Client Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Co. LLC

Consultant Means any private or public entity that will provide the
Services to the Client under the Contract, i.e. CB&I Lummus
B.V. in The Hague, the Netherlands, carrying out Front End
Engineering and Design as well as Project Management
Consultancy services for this project.

11 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

Contractor Means any private or public entity responsible for detailed


Engineering and design, Procurement, Construction and
(pre-) Commissioning of this project. (Daelim-Petrofac JV)

Purchaser Is defined as Consultant or Contractor or any party assigned


by the Client or Contractor to purchase goods required for the
project. (Daelim-Petrofac JV)

Seller (or Vendor/Supplier ) means the firm, company or other


corporate entity contracted by the Order to supply goods to
the Purchaser.

Goods means any and ancillary design and engineering services,


warranty related services, technical assistance, all items,
articles, materials, apparatus, equipment, spare parts, labor,
or other supplies including but not limited to manuals,
operating instructions, reports, and all other documents to be
supplied or performed by Seller, as specified, listed,
mentioned, scheduled or implied in the Order or any revision
thereof.

Order means the written Purchase Order between Seller and


Purchaser which refers to and incorporates these terms and
conditions together with any appendices or attachments
thereto for the supply of the Goods.

4.0 GENERAL
4.1 LANGUAGE AND UNITS

The following language and unit shall be used for specifications, calculation sheets and
drawings throughout the project.

Language: English

Unit: SI unit

12 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

4.2 DOCUMENTATION

Document format, layout and symbols can be in accordance with the project requirements. All
documents shall clearly indicate their function, status and revision. Document and page
numbering shall be consistent and complete.

For the content of Sellers documents reference is made to the Specification for Seller
Document Clarifications Mechanical Equipment, document number S-000-535Z-003.

4.3 SPARE PARTS FOR COMMISSIONING AND 2 YEARS OPERATION

Seller shall provide all required spare parts for commissioning and 2 years operation.

5.0 DESIGN CRITERIA


5.1 CALCULATION

5.1.1 All heating/cooling loads calculations shall be performed in accordance with the
recommendations and/or requirements of ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals.

All HVAC heating/cooling load calculation shall be carried out in Carrier HAP E20-II version
4.61 software.

5.1.2 Each heating/cooling coil selection and calculation shall be accompanied by a plotted
psychometric chart.

5.1.3 All air cooled condensing units shall be suitable for operation at the maximum and minimum
ambient temperatures specified in paragraph 5.3.

5.2 GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION OF THE SITE

Sohar Refinery is located in the Sohar Industrial Area (SIA). SIA is a newly developed
industrial estate for accommodating the latest technology industries in Sohar, which is facing
Gulf of Oman and 230 km North West of Muscat.

5.3 EXTERNAL DESIGN CONDITIONS

Summer dry bulb temperature : 47.0 C

Summer wet bulb temperature : 30.1 C

Winter dry bulb : 10.0 C

13 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

Winter wet bulb temperature : 8.0 C

Wind speed : 33.8 m/sec maximum

Atmospheric pressure : 1016 milibars

Rainfall : 100 mm/day, 75mm/hour

Black bulb temperature : 82 C

Outdoor air conditioning unit shall be selected based on 50.0 C DB.

5.4 INTERNAL DESIGN CONDITIONS

Internal design condition is shown in ANNEX-A HVAC Internal Design Condition.

5.5 ELECTRICAL POWER SUPPLY CONDITIONS

See Specification for Electrical Facilities, document number S-000-5380-001.

5.6 HAZARDOUS AREA CLASSIFICATION

For hazardous area see Area Classification Layout Drawings.

5.6.1 Location of air intake of each building shall be in a non-hazardous area and facing away from
hazardous zones.

5.6.2 All electrical enclosures shall be suitable and certified for the environment in which they are
classified as a hazardous area.

5.7 VENTILATION SYSTEM

5.7.1 General

Exhaust ventilation shall be by mechanical means.

Toilets, showers, locker rooms within an air conditioned building shall be ventilated and
exhausted by infiltrating air from the adjoining spaces.

For all non-air conditioned spaces, outside air through external louver shall be used for
ventilation and exhausted by mechanical or natural means.

14 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

5.7.2 Air Change

The required minimum air changes (AC) are as follows.

Toilets, shower room : 20 AC per hour

Locker room : 15 AC per hour

Laboratory rooms : 8 AC per hour

Mess/Pantry : 8 AC per hour

Maintenance Workshop (Shop Area) : 7.5 Liter/sec.m2

Warehouse (General Storage Area) : 2.5 Liter/sec.m2

Catalyst Storage Building : 2.5 Liter/sec.m2

Chemical Storage Building : 2.5 Liter/sec.m2

Battery Room : As per the following formula (DIN VDE 0510)

Q = 55 x H x L

Q: liters air per hour

H: number of cells

L: charging current at end of high rate charging, but not less

than 25 % of rated charge output

Exhaust from kitchen shall be through extraction hoods fitted over all heat and steam
generating appliances. The minimum rate shall be 8 air changes per hour overall. Air flow
shall be so designed that no air distribution occurs from kitchen to dining area.

For office area and the like, minimum 10 l/s (36 m3/h) of fresh air per person shall be
supplied.

Fresh air flow rate shall be determined taking into account of the number of occupant, the
exhaust air flow rate for the particular room and the leak air flow rate for pressurization.

15 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

5.7.3 Air Distribution

Exhaust air from toilets, shower rooms, kitchen, laboratory rooms, pantry/mess room and
battery rooms shall not be recirculated.

Exhaust duct shall be located as far as possible from air intake duct to avoid recirculation of
contaminated air

5.8 AIR FILTRATION SYSTEM

5.8.1 Central System

All Air Handling Units shall be equipped with pre-filter and medium filter which have collection
efficiency as follows.

Pre-filter : Approximate 75% of Weight Arrestance Test on ASHRAE Standard 52.1


Medium Filter : Minimum 85% of Dust Spot Efficiency Test on ASHRAE Standard 52.1

5.8.2 Fresh Air Intake

Sand Trap Filter shall be provided for fresh air intake system.

(1) Type 1

Sand Trap Filter shall consist of sand trap louver (located outside Chemical Filter
unit), pre-filter, medium filter and casing. Collection efficiency of filters shall be as
follows:

Pre-filter: Approximate 75% of Weight Arrestance Test on ASHRAE Standard 52.1


Medium Filter : Approximate 60% Dust Spot Efficiency Test on ASHRAE Standard
52.1

Type 1 Sand Trap Filter shall be provided for Control Buildings, Satellite Instrument
Houses and Substations

Note : Provision of chemical filter shall be considered in case outdoor condition of


H2S, Sox etc. adversely affects instrument or electrical equipment/panel inside the
building. Allowable limit of inside condition of such gases shall be in accordance with
the recommendation by supply vendor.

The chemical filters shall be provided for the following buildings:

16 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

- Integrated Control building (88ICB11)

- Substation (88MRS00, 88MSS02, 88SS14, 88SS15, 88SS16, 88SS17, 88SS18,


88SS92)

- Satellite Instrument House (88SIH11, 88SIH12, 88SIH13, 88SIH16, 88SIH17)

- Truck Loading Building (88TLB11+88SS42+88SIH15)

- Tankage Area Substation (88SS41 + 88SIH14)

(2) Type 2

Sand Trap Filter shall consist of sand trap louver (located outside Filter unit) and
medium filter. Collection efficiency of filters shall be as follows:

Medium Filter : Approximate 75% of Weight Arrestance Test on ASHRAE Standard


52.1

Type 2 Sand Trap Filter shall be provided for all buildings which have air intake
system, other than listed in item 5.8.2 (1).

5.9 PRESSURIZATION SYSTEM

The following buildings / houses shall be pressurized positively against atmosphere with 2.5
mm WG with all doors and openings closed condition.

- Control Building

- Satellite Instrument Houses

- Substation Buildings

The intake shall be in a location that is unclassified and not subject to corrosive agents.

The intake shall be provided with a conical cap and shall be screened to prevent entry of
birds and wind-driven rain and debris. Filters provided as per para. 5.8 and 8.8 shall be
easily accessible and removable for cleaning or replacement.

Blower motors shall be mounted external to blower cases and air ducts. Exposed rotating
parts shall be suitably protected by guards or enclosures.

17 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

5.10 AIR DUCT SYSTEMS

5.10.1 All duct systems shall be designed in accordance with ASHRAE and Sheet Metal and Air
Conditioning Contractors National Association (SMACNA) standards.

5.10.2 All duct shall be suitable for the pressure that is to be encountered with a velocity in the
range of 3.1 to 15.2 m/s. All duct works passing through unconditioned areas shall be
insulated.

5.10.3 Branch ducts (ducts entering occupied areas) should be designed in such a way as to be
suitable for system pressure with a velocity in the range of 6.1 to 7.6 m/s. This duct should
be insulated to avoid condensation.

Table 3
MAXIMUM DUCT VELOCITIES FOR BUILDING SYSTEMS, m/s
Controlling Factor Controlling Factor Duct Friction
Application Noise Generation
Main Ducts
Main Ducts Branch Ducts
Supply Return Supply Return
Private Offices 6.1 10.2 7.6 8.1 6.1
Library / Conference
Areas
General Offices 7.6 10.2 7.6 8.1 6.1
Lobby Areas
Computer Areas
Control Room,
Rack room, Switchgear 7.6 9.1 10.2 7.6 8.1 6.1
room etc.
General Use Areas 9.1 10.2 7.6 8.1 6.1
Dining
Industrial Area 12.7 15.2 9.1 11.2 7.6

5.10.4 Both horizontal branch and low-pressure ducts shall be designed by the Equal Friction
method with a pressure drop less than 2.5 mm wg/30 m.

5.10.5 All outlets/diffusers shall be designed with a terminal velocity of 1.5 to 2.0 m/s and rated in
accordance with Air Diffusion Council (ADC) standards. Manufacturers published data
shall be taken into account for proper air throw/distribution, noise, and pressure drop.

18 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

5.11 PIPING

5.11.1 Refrigerant Piping

Refrigerant piping for air conditioning system shall be of Phosphorus Deoxidation Copper
seamless (hard drawn) copper tube assembled with wrought copper fittings.

The piping size shall be recommended by equipment manufacturer / supplier according to the
length to be installed.

All refrigerant piping shall be provided within all accessories in accordance with
manufacturer's recommendations.

5.11.2 Drain Piping

All condensate drain lines, from air handling units to the plumbing sanitary sewer or open
drain system, shall be PVC pipe Schedule 40.

5.12 THERMAL INSULATION

5.12.1 General

The following specification outlines the general requirement of the type of insulation work.
The installation shall be performed by skilled tradesmen.

All glues, tapes and fixing materials used shall be non-combustible.

5.12.2 For Duct Work

All ducts shall be externally insulated as per the following manners.

19 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

Type of Duct Location


All supply Inside false Fiberglass roll mat
and return air ceiling &
ducts concealed
from view
internally
25 mmTHK, 24 kg/m3 density w/
aluminium foil vapor barrier
Exposed to Fiberglass board
view
Internally
50 mmTHK, 40 kg/m3 density
Finishing with pre-sized glass cloth.
Externally Fiber glass board
50 mm thk, 24 kg/m3 density
0.6 mm thk aluminum cladding.

Fiberglass insulation material shall be wrapped with a vapor barrier of aluminum foil. The
vapor barrier shall be sealed and completely free of perforations or leaks.

Roll mat wraps shall be overlapped by at least 100mm and shall be fastened with 65mm wide
aluminum foil tape.

Fiberglass board applied as per (1) above shall be provided with stick-clip or welded pins at
the rate of one for about 0.16 of a square meter of insulation area.

Where fresh air ducts pass through an air-conditioned environment, these shall be insulated
to prevent condensation occurring in the duct.

5.12.3 For Piping System

For refrigerant suction and condensate drain piping, the insulation thickness shall comply with
the following table. Refrigerant liquid lines shall be insulated for personnel protection,
wherever required.

Nominal Pipe Size (mm) Thickness of Insulation (mm)


Up to 20 20
25 to 40 25
50 to 80 40
100 and over 50

20 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

Refrigerant piping insulation material shall be based as per cl. 8.15.1.

5.13 HVAC CONTROL SYSTEM

5.13.1 General

Electric/Electronic controls shall be adopted for all HVAC control system. HVAC control panel
shall be microprocessor based controller (DDC / PLC type).

Air Cooled Condensing Unit shall be operated by supply return air temperature
sensor/controller.

Fan Coil Unit shall have thermostat.

Electric Duct Heater shall be operated by respective room temperature sensor/controller.

Humidifier shall be operated by return air or room humidity sensor/controller

5.13.2 Safety System

All HVAC equipment shall be shut down by fire signal for the specific building where the
central air conditioning system is provided.

Flammable and toxic gas detectors shall be provided on all fresh air intakes. Two of each
type per fresh air intake.

Where gas detector is provided on fresh air intake duct, fresh air intake fan and exhaust fans
shall be shut down and actuated damper shall be closed by gas detection, however Air
Handling Unit shall continue recirculation operation.

Status of all fire/gas/smoke dampers shall be indicated on HVAC Control Panel if motor
operated type of damper is provided

The following alarms shall be provided as applicable.

- Flow failure of supply air


- High temperature of electric heater
- Malfunction of Air Cooled Condensing Unit
- Room pressurizing failure
- Filter clog
- High temperature alarm for Electrical Room where Split type Air Conditioners are
provided

21 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

Common HVAC failure alarm signals of Instrument Rack Rooms and Electrical Substations
shall be connected as input to DCS and PMS for display of HVAC alarms of these areas to
the operators.

No serial link required.

5.14 NOISE AND VIBRATION

5.14.1 Room Noise Limit

HVAC system shall be designed so that the noise levels as per General Specification for
plant noise control, document number S-000-5226-001.

5.14.2 Vibration
Equipment shall be properly isolated from floors, platforms or building structural members to
prevent the transmission of vibration and the generation of noise. Ducts, pipes and conduits
shall also be isolated as required to hold noise generation below the levels.

All systems shall be designed, constructed and installed with special precaution and with
regard to compensation of some movements caused by temperature changes.

6.0 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION


6.1 HVAC SYSTEM COMPONENT
Major equipment shall consist of, but not limited to:

6.1.1 Control Building, Fire station and Truck Loading Building


Air Cooled Condensing Unit
Single Zone Air Handling Unit
(Supply Fan, Direct Expansion Coil, Pre and After Filter, Mixing Box)
Humidifier (Self-contained Steam Humidifier located at the down stream of Air Handling
Unit), if required. Location on Hold
Electric Duct Heater, if required. Location on Hold
Fresh Air Intake Fan (part of Chemical Filter unit)
Exhaust Fan
Sand Trap Filter for Fresh Air (sand trap louver located on the roof outside Chemical
Filter unit)

6.1.2 Substations, Satellite Instrument Houses


Air Cooled Condensing Unit
Single Zone Air Handling Unit, cooling only (Floor Mounted Type)
Sand Trap Filter for Fresh Air (sand trap louver located on the roof outside Chemical
Filter unit)

22 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

6.1.3 Security Office, Guard Houses


Air Cooled Condensing Unit
Split Type Air Conditioner

6.2 SPARING PHILOSOPHY FOR HVAC EQUIPMENT

6.2.1 Control Buildings, Satellite Instrument Houses and Truck Loading Building &
Substations

Two sets of the following equipment shall be provided, each shall have 100% required
capacity respectively.
Air Cooled Condensing Unit
Air Handling Unit
Fresh Air Intake Fan

6.2.2 Exhaust Fan for Battery Room

Two exhaust fans shall be provided for Battery Room and one exhaust fan is always standby
use.

6.3 BUILDINGWISE HVAC SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

6.3.1 Integrated Control Building (88ICB11)

The HVAC system shall be provided with 2 nos. (1 w + 1 s/b) / 4 nos. (2 w + 2 s/b)
(depending on total capacity) recirculation type air handling units, each sized for 100%
capacity. The air handling unit shall comprise of mixing box, pre & after filters, DX cooling coil
& supply fan with motor, all components assembled and mounted on a common frame. Air
handling unit shall be constant air volume, located inside HVAC room at ground floor level.

2 nos. (1 w + 1 s/b) / 4 nos. (2 w + 2 s/b) (depending on total capacity), Air cooled condensing
units, each sized for 100% capacity shall be provided. Each ACCU + AHU shall be connected
by refrigerant piping and shall have an independent cooling circuit. ACCU shall be located
outside the building at ground level, adjacent to HVAC room and shall be suitable for outdoor
installation.

1 no. Chemical filter unit comprising of sand trap louver (located outside Chemical filter unit),
pre filter, medium filter, chemical filter, 2 nos. fresh air fans with motors (1w + 1 s/b) all
mounted inside a common box shall be provided. Chemical filter unit shall be located on the
roof of HVAC room and shall be suitable for outdoor installation. The discharge ductwork from
the Chemical filter unit shall connect to the return air plenum of the AHU unit located within
HVAC room.

23 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

Entire building shall be divided in 2 zones based on the room inside design conditions.

Zone 1 shall comprise of Rack room, Telecom room, UPS room, Battery room, Control room,
Prayer roomSRIP OTS room, Operation support room & Engineering room.

Zone 2 shall comprise of Corridor, Air locks, Store, Battery room, Electrical room, HVAC
room, Mess roomPantry, Male toilet, Main entrance lobby & ICR lounge.

Each zone shall be provided with separate supply & return air ductwork and shall connect
together in supply/return air plenums. Zone 1 shall be provided with duct mounted heater and
duct mounted steam humidifier to maintain the desired room temperature & RH. Zone 2 shall
be provided with duct mounted heater to maintain the desired room temperature. Each heater
& humidifier shall be controlled by respective thermostat & humidistat located in the common
return air duct of respective zones. Heaters & humidifiers shall be provided only if necessary
as per HVAC load calculation.

Zone 1 shall be provided with duct mounted steam humidifier to maintain desired RH.
Humidifier shall be controlled by humidistat located in common return air duct of zone 1.

Heater requirement is not envisaged for this building as heat emission from electric and
instrument equipment compensates heater requirement.

Supply & return air ducts to Rack room and Electrical room shall be provided with motorized
fire damper.

Exhaust fans shall be provided for the areas listed below. Air shall not be recirculated from
these areas.

i. Battery room shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) duct in-line exhaust fans
suitable for hazardous area.

ii. Male toilet shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) duct mounted exhaust fans.

iii. Mess room shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) duct mounted exhaust fans.

1 no. HVAC Control Panel, to be located inside HVAC room, shall be provided to control
HVAC equipment within the building.

1 no. HVAC Power Distribution panel, to be located inside HVAC room, shall be provided for
electric power supply & distribution to all the HVAC equipment within the building.

24 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

As the building is Blast protected, all the wall opening for air inlet / outlet shall be protected
with Blast Protected Valves.

6.3.2 Main Intake Substation (88MSS02)

The HVAC system shall be provided with 2 nos. (1 w + 1 s/b) recirculation type air handling
units, each sized for 100% capacity. The air handling unit shall comprise of mixing box, pre &
after filters, DX cooling coil & supply fan with motor, all components assembled and mounted
on a common frame. Air handling unit shall be constant air volume, located inside HVAC
room at ground floor level.

2 nos. (1 w + 1 s/b), Air cooled condensing units, each sized for 100% capacity shall be
provided. Each ACCU + AHU shall be connected by refrigerant piping and shall have an
independent cooling circuit. ACCU shall be located outside the building at ground level,
adjacent to HVAC room and shall be suitable for outdoor installation.

1 no. Chemical Filter Unit comprising of sand trap louver (located outside Chemical Filter
Unit), pre filter, medium filter, chemical filter, 2 nos. fresh air fans with motors (1w + 1 s/b) all
mounted inside a common box shall be provided. Chemical Filter Unit shall be located on the
roof of HVAC room and shall be suitable for outdoor installation. The discharge ductwork from
the Chemical Filter Unit shall connect to the return air plenum of the AHU unit located within
HVAC room.

Entire building shall be divided in 2 zones based on the room inside design conditions.

Zone 1 shall comprise of Switchgear rooms.

Zone 2 shall comprise of Battery room & HVAC room.

Heater requirement is not envisaged for this building as heat emission from electric
equipment compensates heater requirement.

Battery room shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) duct in-line exhaust fans suitable for
hazardous area. Air shall not be recirculated from this area.

1 no. HVAC Control Panel, to be located inside HVAC room, shall be provided to control
HVAC equipment within the building.

1 no. HVAC Power Distribution panel, to be located inside HVAC room, shall be provided for
electric power supply & distribution to all the HVAC equipment within the building.

25 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

As the building is Blast protected, all the wall opening for air inlet / outlet shall be protected
with Blast Protected Valves.

6.3.3 Main Receiving Substation (88MRS00)

The HVAC system shall be provided with 2 nos. (1 w + 1 s/b) recirculation type air handling
units, each sized for 100% capacity. The air handling unit shall comprise of mixing box, pre &
after filters, DX cooling coil & supply fan with motor, all components assembled and mounted
on a common frame. Air handling unit shall be constant air volume, located inside HVAC
room at ground floor level.

2 nos. (1 w + 1 s/b), Air cooled condensing units, each sized for 100% capacity shall be
provided. Each ACCU + AHU shall be connected by refrigerant piping and shall have an
independent cooling circuit. ACCU shall be located outside the building at ground level,
adjacent to HVAC room and shall be suitable for outdoor installation.

1 no. Chemical Filter Unit comprising of sand trap louver (located outside Chemical Filter
Unit), pre filter, medium filter, chemical filter, 2 nos. fresh air fans with motors (1w + 1 s/b) all
mounted inside a common box shall be provided. Chemical Filter Unit shall be located on the
roof of HVAC room and shall be suitable for outdoor installation. The discharge ductwork from
the Chemical Filter Unit shall connect to the return air plenum of the AHU unit located within
HVAC room.

Entire building shall be divided in 2 3 zones based on the room inside design conditions.

Zone 1 shall comprise of Switchgear room.

Zone 2 shall comprise of Control panel room, UPS room, & Battery room, HVAC room &
Corridor.

Zone 3 shall comprise of HVAC room & corridor.

Heater requirement is not envisaged for this building as heat emission from electric and
instrument equipment compensates heater requirement.

Battery room shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) duct in-line exhaust fans suitable for
hazardous area. Air shall not be recirculated from this area.

1 no. HVAC Control Panel, to be located inside HVAC room, shall be provided to control
HVAC equipment within the building.

26 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

1 no. HVAC Power Distribution panel, to be located inside HVAC room, shall be provided for
electric power supply & distribution to all the HVAC equipment within the building.

6.3.4 Sea Water Intake Substation (88SS92)

The HVAC system shall be provided with 2 nos. (1 w + 1 s/b) recirculation type air handling
units, each sized for 100% capacity. The air handling unit shall comprise of mixing box, pre &
after filters, DX cooling coil & supply fan with motor, all components assembled and mounted
on a common frame. Air handling unit shall be constant air volume, located inside HVAC
room at ground floor level.

2 nos. (1 w + 1 s/b), Air cooled condensing units, each sized for 100% capacity shall be
provided. Each ACCU + AHU shall be connected by refrigerant piping and shall have an
independent cooling circuit. ACCU shall be located outside on roof of the building at ground
level, adjacent to HVAC room and shall be suitable for outdoor installation.

1 no. Chemical Filter Unit comprising of sand trap louver (located outside Chemical Filter
Unit), pre filter, medium filter, chemical filter, 2 nos. fresh air fans with motors (1w + 1 s/b) all
mounted inside a common box shall be provided. Chemical Filter Unit shall be located on the
roof of HVAC room and shall be suitable for outdoor installation. The discharge ductwork from
the Chemical Filter Unit shall connect to the return air plenum of the AHU unit located within
HVAC room.

Entire building shall be divided in 2 zones based on the room inside design conditions.

Zone 1 shall comprise of Switchgear room.

Zone 2 shall comprise of Battery room & HVAC room.

Heater requirement is not envisaged for this building as heat emission from electric
equipment compensates heater requirement.

Battery room shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) duct in-line exhaust fans suitable for
hazardous area. Air shall not be recirculated from this area.

1 no. HVAC Control Panel, to be located inside HVAC room, shall be provided to control
HVAC equipment within the building.

1 no. HVAC Power Distribution panel, to be located inside HVAC room, shall be provided for
electric power supply & distribution to all the HVAC equipment within the building.

27 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

6.3.5 Substation (88SS14)

The HVAC system shall be same as 88SS16 described under 6.3.7.

6.3.6 Substation (88SS15)

The HVAC system shall be same as 88SS16 described under 6.3.7.

6.3.7 Substation (88SS16)

The HVAC system shall be provided with 2 nos. (1 w + 1 s/b) recirculation type air handling
units, each sized for 100% capacity. The air handling unit shall comprise of mixing box, pre &
after filters, DX cooling coil & supply fan with motor, all components assembled and mounted
on a common frame. Air handling unit shall be constant air volume, located inside HVAC
room at ground floor level.

2 nos. (1 w + 1 s/b), Air cooled condensing units, each sized for 100% capacity shall be
provided. Each ACCU + AHU shall be connected by refrigerant piping and shall have an
independent cooling circuit. ACCU shall be located outside the building at ground level,
adjacent to HVAC room and shall be suitable for outdoor installation.

1 no. Chemical Filter Unit comprising of sand trap louver (located outside Chemical Filter
Unit), pre filter, medium filter, chemical filter, 2 nos. fresh air fans with motors (1w + 1 s/b) all
mounted inside a common box shall be provided. Chemical Filter Unit shall be located on the
roof of HVAC room and shall be suitable for outdoor installation. The discharge ductwork from
the Chemical Filter Unit shall connect to the return air plenum of the AHU unit located within
HVAC room.

Entire building shall be divided in 2 zones based on the room inside design conditions.

Zone 1 shall comprise of switchgear room.

Zone 2 shall comprise of Battery room & HVAC room.

Heater requirement is not envisaged for this building as heat emission from electric
equipment compensates heater requirement.

Battery room shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) duct in-line exhaust fans suitable for
hazardous area. Air shall not be recirculated from this area.

1 no. HVAC Control Panel, to be located inside HVAC room, shall be provided to control
HVAC equipment within the building.

28 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

1 no. HVAC Power Distribution panel, to be located inside HVAC room, shall be provided for
electric power supply & distribution to all the HVAC equipment within the building.

As the building is Blast protected, all the wall opening for air inlet / outlet shall be protected
with Blast Protected Valves.

6.3.8 Substation (88SS17)

The HVAC system shall be same as 88SS16 described under 6.3.7.

6.3.9 Substation (88SS18)

The HVAC system shall be same as 88SS16 described under 6.3.7.

6.3.10 Satellite Instrument House (88SIH11)

The HVAC system shall be same as 88SIH12 described under 6.3.11.

6.3.11 Satellite Instrument House (88SIH12)

The HVAC system shall be provided with 2 nos. (1 w + 1 s/b) recirculation type air handling
units, each sized for 100% capacity. The air handling unit shall comprise of mixing box, pre &
after filters, DX cooling coil & supply fan with motor, all components assembled and mounted
on a common frame. Air handling unit shall be constant air volume, located inside HVAC
room at ground floor level.

2 nos. (1 w + 1 s/b), Air cooled condensing units, each sized for 100% capacity shall be
provided. Each ACCU + AHU shall be connected by refrigerant piping and shall have an
independent cooling circuit. ACCU shall be located outside the building at ground level,
adjacent to HVAC room and shall be suitable for outdoor installation.

1 no. Chemical Filter Unit comprising of sand trap louver (located outside Chemical Filter
Unit), pre filter, medium filter, chemical filter, 2 nos. fresh air fans with motors (1w + 1 s/b) all
mounted inside a common box shall be provided. Chemical Filter Unit shall be located on the
roof of HVAC room and shall be suitable for outdoor installation. The discharge ductwork from
the Chemical Filter Unit shall connect to the return air plenum of the AHU unit located within
HVAC room.

Entire building shall be divided in 2 zones based on the room inside design conditions.

Zone 1 shall comprise of Rack room & UPS room.

29 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

Zone 2 shall comprise of Battery room & HVAC room.

Supply & return air ducts to Rack room shall be provided with motorized fire damper.

Heater requirement is not envisaged for this building as heat emission from instrument
equipment compensates heater requirement.

Battery room shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) duct in-line exhaust fans suitable for
hazardous area. Air shall not be recirculated from this area.

1 no. HVAC Control Panel, to be located inside HVAC room, shall be provided to control
HVAC equipment within the building.

1 no. HVAC Power Distribution panel, to be located inside HVAC room, shall be provided for
electric power supply & distribution to all the HVAC equipment within the building.

As the building is Blast protected, all the wall opening for air inlet / outlet shall be protected
with Blast Protected Valves.

6.3.12 Satellite Instrument House (88SIH13)

The HVAC system shall be same as 88SIH12 described under 6.3.11.

6.3.13 Satellite Instrument House (88SIH16)

The HVAC system shall be same as 88SIH12 described under 6.3.6.

6.3.14 Satellite Instrument House (88SIH17)

The HVAC system shall be same as 88SIH12 described under 6.3.6.

6.3.15 Truck Loading Building (88TLB11+88SS42+88SIH15)

The HVAC system shall be provided with 2 nos. (1 w + 1 s/b) recirculation type air handling
units, each sized for 100% capacity. The air handling unit shall comprise of mixing box, pre &
after filters, DX cooling coil & supply fan with motor, all components assembled and mounted
on a common frame. Air handling unit shall be constant air volume, located inside HVAC
room at ground floor level.

2 nos. (1 w + 1 s/b), Air cooled condensing units, each sized for 100% capacity shall be
provided. Each ACCU + AHU shall be connected by refrigerant piping and shall have an

30 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

independent cooling circuit. ACCU shall be located outside the building at ground level,
adjacent to HVAC room and shall be suitable for outdoor installation.

1 no. Chemical Filter Unit comprising of sand trap louver (located outside Chemical Filter
Unit), pre filter, medium filter, chemical filter, 2 nos. fresh air fans with motors (1w + 1 s/b) all
mounted inside a common box shall be provided. Chemical Filter Unit shall be located on the
roof of HVAC room and shall be suitable for outdoor installation. The discharge ductwork from
the Chemical Filter Unit shall connect to the return air plenum of the AHU unit located within
HVAC room.

Entire building shall be divided in 3 zones based on the room inside design conditions.

Zone 1 shall comprise of Rack room, Drivers waiting room, Administrator room, Office 1,
Office 2 & Office 3.

Zone 2 shall comprise of HVAC room, Battery room, Toilets, Pantry, Corridor & Air lock.

Zone 3 shall comprise of Switchgear room.

Each zone shall be provided with separate supply & return air ductwork and shall connect
together in supply/return air plenums. Zone 1 shall be provided with duct mounted heater and
duct mounted steam humidifier to maintain the desired room temperature & RH.
Zone 2 shall be provided with duct mounted heater to maintain the desired room temperature.
Both heater & humidifier are not envisaged for Zone 3. Each heater & humidifier shall be
controlled by respective thermostat & humidistat located in the common return air duct of
respective zones. Heaters & humidifiers shall be provided only if necessary as per HVAC
load calculation.

Heater requirement is not envisaged for this building as heat emission from electric and
instrument equipment compensates heater requirement.

Supply & return air ducts to Rack room shall be provided with motorized fire damper.

Exhaust fans shall be provided for the areas listed below. Air shall not be recirculated from
these areas.

i. Battery room shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) duct in-line exhaust fans
suitable for hazardous area.

ii. Pantry + Toilet & Janitor shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) ) wall mounted
exhaust fans.

31 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

iii. Toilet 1 shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) duct mounted exhaust fans.

1 no. HVAC Control Panel, to be located inside HVAC room, shall be provided to control
HVAC equipment within the building.

1 no. HVAC Power Distribution panel, to be located inside HVAC room, shall be provided for
electric power supply & distribution to all the HVAC equipment within the building.

6.3.16 Tankage Area Substation & SIH Building (88SS41+88SIH14)

The HVAC system shall be provided with 2 nos. (1 w + 1 s/b) recirculation type air handling
units, each sized for 100% capacity. The air handling unit shall comprise of mixing box, pre &
after filters, DX cooling coil & supply fan with motor, all components assembled and mounted
on a common frame. Air handling unit shall be constant air volume, located inside HVAC
room at ground floor level.

2 nos. (1 w + 1 s/b), Air cooled condensing units, each sized for 100% capacity shall be
provided. Each ACCU + AHU shall be connected by refrigerant piping and shall have an
independent cooling circuit. ACCU shall be located outside the building at ground level,
adjacent to HVAC room and shall be suitable for outdoor installation.

1 no. Chemical Filter Unit comprising of sand trap lover (located outside Chemical Filter Unit),
pre filter, medium filter, chemical filter, 2 nos. fresh air fans with motors (1w + 1 s/b) all
mounted inside a common box shall be provided. Chemical Filter Unit shall be located on the
roof of the building adjacent to HVAC room and shall be suitable for outdoor installation. The
discharge ductwork from the Chemical Filter Unit shall connect to the return air plenum of the
AHU unit located within HVAC room.

Entire building shall be divided in 3 zones based on the room inside design conditions.

Zone 1 shall comprise of Instrument rack room & UPS room.

Zone 2 shall comprise of HVAC room & Battery room.

Zone 3 shall comprise of Switchgear room.

Supply & return air ducts to Rack room shall be provided with motorized fire damper.

Heater requirement is not envisaged for this building as heat emission from electric and
instrument equipment compensates heater requirement.

32 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

Exhaust fans shall be provided for the areas listed below. Air shall not be recirculated from
these areas.

i. Battery room - I shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) duct in-line exhaust fans
suitable for hazardous area.

ii. Battery room - II shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) duct in-line exhaust fans
suitable for hazardous area.

1 no. HVAC Control Panel, to be located inside HVAC room, shall be provided to control
HVAC equipment within the building.

1 no. HVAC Power Distribution panel, to be located inside HVAC room, shall be provided for
electric power supply & distribution to all the HVAC equipment within the building.

As the building is Blast protected, aAll the wall opening for air inlet / outlet within the blast wall
shall be protected with Blast Protected Valves.

6.3.17 Fire Station (88FS11)

The HVAC system shall be provided with 1 no. (no standby) recirculation type air handling
unit sized for 100% capacity. The air handling unit shall comprise of mixing box, pre & after
filters, DX cooling coil & supply fan with motor, all components assembled and mounted on a
common frame. Air handling unit shall be constant air volume, located inside HVAC room at
ground floor level.

1 no. (no standby), Air cooled condensing unit sized for 100% capacity shall be provided.
ACCU + AHU shall be connected by refrigerant piping. ACCU shall be located outside the
building at ground level, adjacent to HVAC room and shall be suitable for outdoor installation.

1 no. Filter unit comprising of sand trap louver (located outside Filter unit), medium filter, 2
nos. fresh air fans with motors (1w + 1 s/b) all mounted inside a common box shall be
provided. Filter unit shall be located on the roof of HVAC room and shall be suitable for
outdoor installation. The discharge ductwork from the Filter unit shall connect to the return air
plenum of the AHU unit located within HVAC room.

Entire building shall be divided in 2 zones based on the room inside design conditions.

Zone 1 shall comprise of Training room, Dispatch alarm room, Network room, Library, Office
1 to 5, Open office area, Pray room, First aid room, Corridor, Lockers & shower room.

33 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

Zone 2 shall comprise of HVAC room, Mess room, Corridor, Air locks, Toilet, Extinguisher
refill room, Breathing apparatus / Air compressor room, Equipment storage room.

Each zone shall be provided with separate supply & return air ductwork and shall connect
together in supply/return air plenums. Zone 1 shall be provided with duct mounted heater and
duct mounted steam humidifier to maintain the desired room temperature & RH.
Zone 2 shall be provided with duct mounted heater to maintain the desired room temperature.
Each heater & humidifier shall be controlled by respective thermostat & humidistat located in
the common return air duct of respective zones. Heaters & humidifiers shall be provided only
if necessary as per HVAC load calculation.

Zone 1 heater shall be controlled by thermostat located in common return air duct of zone 1.
Heat emission from the equipment shall be considered while calculating heater requirement.

Exhaust fans shall be provided for the areas listed below. Air shall not be recirculated from
these areas.

i. Toilet + Lockers & shower room shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) duct in-line
exhaust fans.

ii. Mess shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) duct in-line exhaust fans.

1 no. HVAC Control Panel, to be located inside HVAC room, shall be provided to control
HVAC equipment within the building.

1 no. HVAC Power Distribution panel, to be located inside HVAC room, shall be provided for
electric power supply & distribution to all the HVAC equipment within the building.

6.3.18 Maintenance Workshop (88WS11)

The HVAC system shall be provided with 1 no. (no standby) recirculation type air handling
unit sized for 100% capacity. The air handling unit shall comprise of mixing box, pre & after
filters, DX cooling coil & supply fan with motor, all components assembled and mounted on a
common frame. Air handling unit shall be constant air volume, located inside HVAC room at
ground floor level.

1 no. (no standby), Air cooled condensing unit sized for 100% capacity shall be provided.
ACCU + AHU shall be connected by refrigerant piping. ACCU shall be located outside the
building at ground level, adjacent to HVAC room and shall be suitable for outdoor installation.

34 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

Fresh air shall be filtered through sand trap louver mounted on wall. The discharge ductwork
from sand trap louver shall be connected to the return air plenum of the AHU unit located
within HVAC room.

Duct mounted heater shall be provided in the supply air duct to maintain the desired room
temperature. Heater shall be controlled by thermostat located in the common return air duct.
Heaters shall be provided only if necessary as per HVAC load calculation.

Exhaust fans shall be provided for the areas listed below. Air shall not be recirculated from
these areas.

i. GF Toilet + Lockers & shower room shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) duct in-
line exhaust fans.

ii. GF Mess shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) wall mounted exhaust fans.

iii. FF Mess shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) wall mounted duct in-line exhaust
fans.

iv. FF Toilet + Cleaners + Female toilet + Female change room shall be provided with 2
nos. (1w + 1 s/b) duct in-line exhaust fans.

v. FF Pantry shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) wall mounted duct in-line exhaust
fans.

vi. FF Battery room shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) duct in-line exhaust fans
suitable for hazardous area.

1 no. HVAC Control Panel, to be located inside HVAC room, shall be provided to control
HVAC equipment within the building.

1 no. HVAC Power Distribution panel, to be located inside HVAC room, shall be provided for
electric power supply & distribution to all the HVAC equipment within the building.

6.3.19 Extension of Existing Laboratory (88LAB11)

The HVAC system shall be provided with 1 no. (no standby) 100% fresh air type air handling
unit sized for 100% capacity. The air handling unit shall comprise of mixing box, pre & after
filters, DX cooling coil & supply fan with motor, all components assembled and mounted on a
common frame. Air handling unit shall be constant air volume, located on roof and shall be
suitable for outdoor installation.

35 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

1 no. (no standby), Air cooled condensing unit sized for 100% capacity shall be provided.
ACCU + AHU shall be connected by refrigerant piping. ACCU shall be located on roof and
shall be suitable for outdoor installation.

Fresh air shall be filtered through sand trap louver located on roof. The discharge ductwork
from sand trap louver shall be connected to the mixing box of AHU unit located on roof.

Duct mounted heater & steam humidifier shall be provided in the supply air duct to maintain
the desired room temperature & RH conditions. Heater shall be controlled by thermostat
located in respective room return duct & humidifier shall be controlled by humidistat located in
the common return / exhaust air duct. Heaters & humidifiers shall be provided only if
necessary as per HVAC load calculation.

Exhaust fans shall be provided for the areas listed below. All the exhaust fans shall be
located on roof. Air shall not be recirculated from these areas.

i. Extended Laboratory + Extended Gas Chromatograph + Spare Parts Combustible +


New Bitumin Lab + New Bottle Washing Room shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1
s/b) duct in-line exhaust fans, to be located on roof.

ii. Extension of New CFR Engine Room shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) duct
in-line exhaust fans, to be located on roof.

Modification in the existing supply & exhaust air ductwork shall be carried out for existing
Preparation Room due to increase in CFR Engine Room.

No modification shall be carried out in the HVAC system or ductwork of existing Laboratory
& existing Gas Chromatograph Room. Extended part will be served with new HVAC system
associated with supply/return/exhaust air ductwork.

1 no. HVAC Control Panel shall be provided to control HVAC equipment within the building.
Exact location of panel to be decided.

1 no. HVAC Power Distribution panel shall be provided for electric power supply & distribution
to all the HVAC equipment within the building. Exact location of panel to be decided.

6.3.20 Change & Shower Building (88CSB11)

The HVAC system shall be provided with 1 no. (no standby) 100% fresh air type Packaged
rooftop air conditioning unit sized for 100% capacity. The Packaged air conditioning unit shall
comprise of Compressor, air cooled condensers, mixing box, pre filters, DX cooling coil,

36 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

electric heater & supply fan with motor, all components assembled and mounted on a
common frame. Packaged Air conditioning unit shall be constant air volume, located on the
roof of the building.

Fresh air shall be filtered through sand trap louver located on roof. The discharge ductwork
from sand trap louver shall be connected to the fresh air inlet of Packaged unit located on
roof.

Exhaust fans shall be provided for the areas listed below. Air shall not be recirculated from
these areas.

i. Locker room shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) duct in-line exhaust fans.

ii. Wash room shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) duct in-line exhaust fans.

1 no. HVAC Power Distribution panel located within the building shall be provided for electric
power supply & distribution to all the HVAC equipment within the building.

HVAC Control Panel is not envisaged for this building.

1 no. HVAC Control Panel, to be located inside locker room, shall be provided to control
HVAC equipment within the building.

6.3.21 Operator Shelter 11 to 16 (88OS11, 12, 13, 14, 15 & 16)

Below is the typical description for each Operator shelter.

The HVAC system shall be provided with 1 no. (no standby) recirculation air type Packaged
rooftop air conditioning unit sized for 100% capacity. The Packaged air conditioning unit shall
comprise of Compressor, air cooled condensers, mixing box, pre filters, DX cooling coil,
electric heater & supply fan with motor, all components assembled and mounted on a
common frame. Packaged Air conditioning unit shall be constant air volume, located on
ground outside the building.

Fresh air shall be filtered through sand trap louver located on roof. The discharge ductwork
from sand trap louver shall be connected to the fresh air inlet of Packaged unit located on
ground.

Exhaust fans shall be provided for the areas listed below. Air shall not be recirculated from
these areas.

37 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

i. Toilet shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) duct in-line exhaust fans.

As the building is Blast protected, all the wall opening for air inlet / outlet shall be protected
with Blast Protected Valves.

1 no. HVAC Power Distribution panel located within the building shall be provided for electric
power supply & distribution to all the HVAC equipment within the building.

HVAC Control Panel is not envisaged for this building.

1 no. HVAC Control Panel, to be located inside operator room, shall be provided to control
HVAC equipment within the building.

6.3.22 Guard House for Main Entrance (88GH11)

The HVAC system shall be provided with 1 no. or more based on total capacity (all working,
no standby) duct free type Split Air conditioner unit sized for 100% capacity. The indoor unit
shall be wall mounted and outdoor condensing unit shall be located on roof of the building.

Fresh air shall be provided through door openings only and no separate fresh air provision is
envisaged.

1 no. HVAC Power Distribution panel located within the building shall be provided for electric
power supply & distribution to all the HVAC equipment within the building.

HVAC Control Panel is not envisaged for this building.

The HVAC system shall be same as 88GH12 described under 6.3.23

6.3.23 Guard House for Main Entrance (88GH12)

The HVAC system shall be provided with 1 no. or more based on total capacity 2 nos(all
working, no standby) duct free type Split Air conditioner unit sized for 100% capacity. The
indoor unit shall be wall mounted and outdoor condensing unit shall be located on ground
outside roof of the building.

Fresh air shall be provided through door openings only and no separate fresh air provision is
envisaged.

Exhaust fans shall be provided for the areas listed below. Air shall not be recirculated from
these areas.

38 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

i. Toilet shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) wall mounted exhaust fans.

1 no. HVAC Power Distribution panel located within the building shall be provided for electric
power supply & distribution to all the HVAC equipment within the building.

Electrical power supply to all HVAC equipment shall be provided from power distribution
board for lighting and small power located within the building. No separate HVAC power
panel is envisaged.

HVAC Control Panel is not envisaged for this building.

6.3.24 Guard House for Plant Entrance (88GH13)

The HVAC system shall be same as 88GH12 described under 6.3.23.

6.3.25 Truck Loading Satellite Office (88GH14)

The HVAC system shall be provided with 1 no. (no standby) recirculation air type Packaged
rooftop air conditioning unit sized for 100% capacity. The Packaged air conditioning unit shall
comprise of Compressor, air cooled condensers, mixing box, pre filters, DX cooling coil,
electric heater & supply fan with motor, all components assembled and mounted on a
common frame. Packaged Air conditioning unit shall be constant air volume, located on the
roof of the building.

Duct mounted steam humidifier, if required as per design, shall be provided in the supply air
duct to maintain the desired room temperature & RH conditions. Heater shall be controlled by
thermostat located in respective room & humidifier shall be controlled by humidistat located in
the common return / exhaust air duct. Heaters & humidifiers shall be provided only if
necessary as per HVAC load calculation.

Fresh air shall be filtered through sand trap louver located on roof. The discharge ductwork
from sand trap louver shall be connected to the mixing box of Packaged AC unit.

Exhaust fans shall be provided for the areas listed below. Air shall not be recirculated from
these areas.

i. Pantry shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) wall mounted exhaust fans.

ii. Toilet shall be provided with 2 nos. (1w + 1 s/b) wall mounted exhaust fans.

39 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

1 no. HVAC Power Distribution panel located within the building shall be provided for electric
power supply & distribution to all the HVAC equipment within the building.

HVAC Control Panel is not envisaged for this building.

1 no. HVAC Control Panel, to be located inside security office, shall be provided to control
HVAC equipment within the building.

6.3.26 Guard House for Plant Entrance (88GH16)

The HVAC system shall be same as 88GH12 described under 6.3.23.

7.0 TESTING, ADJUSTING AND BALANCING


The following works shall be included.
Calibration/sequence check of control system
Test running of all equipment
Air balancing
Performance test of all equipment
Room temperature/humidity measurement
Room noise measurement

8.0 DETAILED EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS


8.1 GENERAL

This section covers the detailed requirements for equipment, materials, products, items, etc.
(hereinafter called Equipment/Materials), to be used for HVAC (Heating, Ventilating and Air
Conditioning) systems for buildings.

This section defines a quality and/or performance level/grade of the Equipment/Materials


which shall be met and is also intended to establish standard levels/grades of
quality/performance and is not intended to prevent the use of equivalents of the
Equipment/Materials or ones of better or higher quality.

Where Equipment/Materials to be used or required are not specified in this section , Project
Specifications listed in below, applicable local regulations, or drawings, such
Equipment/Materials to be used shall be commercially available ones of ordinary
quality/grade.

40 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

8.2 CODES/STANDARDS

International codes/standards referenced in this specification shall be applied wholly or


partially in conjunction with this specification for the selection of the Equipment/Materials, and
shall form integral parts of this specification. The referenced international codes/standards
and project specifications are summarized in para 2.0 of this specification.

Where any specific requirements are prescribed in this specification, they shall supersede
those given in the codes/standards.

Where two or more codes/standards are applicable to one (1) Equipment/Material, one of
such codes/standards that is the most appropriate in the light of the availability of the
Equipment/Material in local market, etc., shall be applied.

8.3 ENVIRONMENTAL CONSTRAINTS

The Equipment/Materials to be used for HVAC Systems shall be capable of withstanding the
climatic environment specified in para 5.3 of this specification, e.g:

Corrosion-resistant finish shall be suitable for the specified site conditions;


Outdoor equipment shall be capable of withstanding a wide range of the weather
conditions; and
Outdoor equipment contained in a cabinet without sunshade shall be designed,
considering the heat of the cabinet due to direct rays of the sun in addition to the heat
generation of the equipment itself.

The aforementioned requirements shall be superposed on the other requirements specified in


this specification.

8.4 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR HVAC EQUIPMENT/MATERIALS

Low operating cost of HVAC equipment should be considered.

HVAC equipment selected shall be of robust construction with suitable corrosion resistance,
shall not generate excessive noise during operation (see 8.5), and shall have a long in
service life, complying with the design requirements and site conditions.

All HVAC equipment shall be certified and tested prior to delivery in accordance with
internationally recognized standards (e.g., ASHRAE Standards), or manufacturers nonprofit
organization standards (e.g., ARI Standards), or manufacturers equivalent standards.

41 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

Testing, adjusting and balancing (TAB) of HVAC systems shall be conducted in accordance
with ASHRAE 111, or SMACNA, HVAC Systems - Testing, Adjusting and Balancing, or
internationally recognized equivalent standards.

HVAC equipment in hazardous area shall be explosion-proof type.

8.5 NOISE AND VIBRATION

The noise emission from HVAC equipment shall be duly limited to sound pressure levels
required in the design.

Noise level of motors shall comply with the specific noise control requirements and not
exceed specification limits as per S-000-5226-001 and S-000-5226-002.

The selection of equipment shall be such that its noise level is within permissible ranges of
low noises. Due consideration shall be given to the additive effect of multiple noise sources
within the spaces when considering the overall noise levels.

Where the noise levels may exceed the design limits, sound attenuators or any other
appropriate means shall be provided in order to attain the required level.

Vibrating equipment shall be isolated from the building structure by the use of vibration
isolators with an appropriate isolation efficiency, and shall be provided with suitable flexible
connections to the inlets and outlets designed to minimize the transmission of vibration.

8.6 AIR CONDITIONING UNITS AND AIR CONDITIONERS

8.6.1 General Requirements for Air Conditioning Units and Air Conditioners

8.6.1.1 Refrigerant:

All types of Chloro Fluorocarbon (CFC) refrigerants (e.g., R11, R12, R113, R502) and Hydro
Chloro Fluorocarbon (HCFC) refrigerants (e.g., R22) which are harmful to ozone shall not be
used. Refrigerant R-134A / R-410A / R-407C/Equivalent shall be used.

8.6.1.2 Coils:

Coils for evaporators, condensers, fan coil units, etc. shall be constructed of aluminum fins
and copper tubes in accordance with manufacturers standard, which shall apply to fin pitches
as well.

42 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

8.6.1.3 Explosion-proof Type Air Conditioning Units and Air Conditioners:

Air conditioning units, air conditioners, etc. in hazardous areas shall be certified for use in the
hazardous area in which they are installed.

8.6.2 Central Air Conditioning Systems

8.6.2.1 Air Handling Units for Central Air Conditioning System

Air handling units shall be either of the following types as required in the design:

Direct-expansion (DX) type

The units shall complete with factory assembled sections of;

Coils complying with the material requirements in para 8.6.1.2 of this specification.
Fans;
Prefilters and medium filters specified in 8.8.1 of this specification.
Humidifiers specified in para 8.10 and
all other necessary equipment, devices and accessories

The units shall designed to function as a year-round air conditioning system.

Motors of supply fans for the units shall have an appropriate margin not less than 15%.

The air handling units shall be installed in the air conditioning machine room, and should be
of a horizontal type for easy maintenance. Vertical type is acceptable, if sufficient space for
the horizontal type is not available.

8.6.2.2 Outdoor Units for Central Air Conditioning System

The associated outdoor units shall be;

air-cooled condensing units

whichever is required in the design. The units shall designed to function as a year-round air
conditioning system.

The outdoor units shall be mounted on the ground / on roof (for Extended Laboratory
Building).

43 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

The outdoor unit shall be factory-assembled with a compressor, condenser, control system
and all other necessary equipment, devices and accessories. Cabinet shall make unit fully
weatherproofed for outdoor installation, and shall have suitable corrosion-resistant finish.

Removable safety guards shall be provided for equipment not to be housed in the cabinet.

The units shall be provided with factory-wired self-contained control panel complete with all
necessary accessories for optimum operation, and with built-in protection system against
overcurrent, overload, high/low pressure and the like.

Recovering from the failure shall be by means of manual reset switch. An automatic reset is
not permitted.

Indicator lights shall be furnished, which shall be so designed as to make known type of
failure, unless a change to the standardized unit is required.

8.6.2.3 Controllers for Central Air Conditioning System

HVAC equipment for the Central Air Conditioning System shall be controlled by HVAC
Control Panel in paragraph 8.17 of this specification.

Control signal interface between outdoor unit and HVAC Control Panel may be in accordance
with the manufacturers standard specification for the unit. It is preferable, however, to
conform to the requirements in paragraph 8.17.9 of this specification.

The outdoor units shall transmit a failure alarm signal (as a common) to the HVAC Control
Panel. For the alarm signal interface, refer to paragraph 8.17.9 of this specification.

8.6.2.4 Single Package Rooftop Air Conditioners

Single Package Rooftop Air Conditioners shall be furnished as an one-piece, air-to-air electric
packaged cooling unit containing all necessary equipment, devices and accessories including
prefilters specified in paragraph 8.8.2 of this specification.

The air conditioners shall be completely assembled and tested, complete with refrigerant
charge and ready to operate.

Type used shall be either of the following:

Down-flow air delivery design (i.e., the supply air directly down into the buildings
ductwork)

44 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

Horizontal airflow design

For humidifiers, refer to paragraph 8.10 of this specification.

Cabinet of the air conditioner shall make unit fully weatherproofed for outdoor installation, and
shall have suitable corrosion-resistant finish. In addition, down-flow type unit shall be
weathertight gasketed so as not to permit rainwater to enter the building.

The air conditioner shall be provided with factory-wired controls for optimum operation
including automatic temperature controls, and built-in protection system against overcurrent,
overload, high/low pressure and the like.

The air conditioner shall contain indicator lights so design as to make known type of failure,
unless a change to the standardized unit is required.

Manufacturers standard remote controller (wall-mounting) shall be furnished to select on/off


and room temperatures and cooling/heating (if used for cooling and heating purposes) as a
minimum requirement.

8.6.3 Duct-Free Split-System Air Conditioners


Indoor Units:

Indoor units shall be factory-assembled direct-expansion room fan-coil units (wall mounted or
ceiling suspended) containing all necessary equipment, devices and accessories including
prefilters specified in para 8.8.4 of this specification.

Either of the following types shall be used as required in the design:

Cooling and electric heater if necessary


Cooling only

The units shall be provided with factory-wired controls for optimum operation including
automatic temperature controls.

Outdoor Units:

Associated outdoor units shall be air-cooled condensing units, either of the following types as
required in the design:
Cooling and heat pump duties
Cooling only

45 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

The units shall be mounted either on the ground or the roof of the building as required in the
design.

The outdoor unit shall be factory-assembled with a compressor, air-cooled condenser coil
and all other necessary equipment, devices and accessories. Casing shall make unit fully
weatherproofed for outdoor installation, and shall have suitable corrosion-resistant finish.

The unit shall be provided with factory-wired controls for optimum operation, and built-in
protection system against overcurrent, overload, high/low pressure and the like.
Controllers:

Duct-Free Split-System Air Conditioners shall be controlled by manufacturers standard


remote controller (wall-mounting) to select on/off and room temperatures and cooling/heating
(if used for cooling and heating purposes) as a minimum requirement.

8.7 OUTDOOR AIR INTAKE

8.7.1 Chemical Filter Unit or Filter Unit

Chemical Filter Unit or Filter Units shall consist of factory-assembled;

Outdoor air intake fans (constant air volume), 2 nos. (1 w + 1 s/b);


Prefilters, medium filters specified in para 8.8.5 of this specification.
Chemical filters specified in para 8.8.5 of this specification, as specified in cl. 6.3
applicable for relevant buildings;
Differential pressure gauges; and
their associated equipment, necessary devices and accessories.

Cabinets of the units shall be provided with inspection/maintenance doors, whose size shall
match fan and filter sizes, and which shall serve as access for the fan interior inspection,
cleaning of the volute and fan impeller, and filter maintenance.
The cabinets shall make unit fully weatherproofed for outdoor installation, and shall have
suitable corrosion-resistant finish.

The unit may consist of factory assembled-filter unit and standardized weatherproof fan
against sand storms, rain, etc., where such fan is available.

46 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

8.8 AIR FILTERS

8.8.1 Filters for Air Handling Units for the Central Air Conditioning Systems:

Prefilters shall be of approximately 75% dust weight arrestance per ASHRAE 52.1. The
prefilters shall be re-usable and washable.

Medium filters shall be of 85% minimum of average dust spot efficiency per ASHRAE 52.1.

8.8.2 Filters for Single Package Rooftop Air Conditioners:

Prefilters shall be of approximately 75% dust weight arrestance per ASHRAE 52.1. The
prefilters shall be re-usable and washable.

8.8.3 Filters for Duct-Free Split-System Air Conditioners and Window Type Room Air
Conditioners:

The filter shall be manufacturers standard prefilters associated with the air conditioners. The
prefilters shall be re-usable and washable and approximately 50% dust weight arrestance per
ASHRAE 52.1.

8.8.4 Filters for Chemical Filter Unit or Filter Unit:

Prefilters shall be of approximately 75% dust weight arrestance per ASHRAE 52.1. The
prefilters shall be re-usable and washable.

Medium filters shall be of approximately 60% of average dust spot efficiency per ASHRAE
52.1.
Note that higher grade of the medium filters shall not be used in order to avoid frequent
clogging of the filter due to sand storms.

Chemical filters, if required by the design, shall be capable of 70% minimum removal
efficiency of hydrogen sulfide at 0.1 ppm gas concentration.

Chemical filter inlet / outlet conditions shall be G2 / G1 as per ISA 71.04-1985

8.8.5 Filters for a Louver with Filter:

Filters shall be of approximately 75% dust weight arrestance per ASHRAE 52.1. The filters
shall be re-usable and washable.

47 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

8.9 VENTILATION FANS

Ventilation fans shall be selected, considering suitable type, capacity, class, noise, etc.
complying with the requirements for the HVAC system.

Fan motor shall have at least 4 poles, except that 2-pole motor may be used only where
specified room noise limits can be maintained. Note that 6-(or more) pole motors will possibly
be required for rooftop exhaust fans, axial fans and other large fans in order to satisfy the
room noise limits.

All fans shall be tested in accordance with the requirements of ASHRAE 51and AMCA 210,
or manufacturers equivalent standards.

Each fan/motor unit shall be completely factory-assembled, tested and delivered so as to be


ready to operate by the fan manufacturer under his sole responsibility.

Centrifugal fans shall be skid-mounted assemblies, complete with suitable mounting steel
channels and appropriate vibration isolators for minimizing vibration and vibration-induced
noise.
Belt guards shall be provided for all centrifugal fans.

Fan motor shall comply with the requirements in S-000-5382-001, Specification for Motors.

Where the fans are installed in hazardous areas, they shall be suitable for applicable zone of
the classification of hazardous area.

Fans used for laboratory exhaust system shall have suitable resistance against corrosion,
dissolution, melting, etc., as applicable, due to the effluents, temperature, etc.

Rooftop exhaust fans shall be provided with an automatic shutter and bird screen.

Wall fan shall be provided with an automatic shutter and weather hood.

8.10 HUMIDIFIERS

Humidifiers shall be selected, considering the quality of the supply water. Or, supply water
shall be treated to suit water type required by the humidifier. Humidifier manufacturers
literature shall be consulted.

48 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

8.11 STEAM CONVECTORS AND UNIT HEATERS

Convectors shall be heat-distributing units that operate with gravity-circulated (natural


convection) air. Heating elements shall be either fabricated metal with a large amount of
surface or finned-tube (or fin-tube) units, and shall be suitable for use of steam feed.

Unit heaters shall be propeller fan unit heaters comprising essential elements of a propeller
fan and motor, a heating element, and an enclosure. The unit heater shall be either of
horizontal-blow-type or of down-blow-type, whichever is suitable for the location to be
installed. Heating elements shall be suitable for use of steam feed.

Supply steam shall be plant Low Pressure Steam.

Where the supply steam pressure is higher than allowable pressure of the equipment,
pressure-reducing valve(s) shall be provided for reducing pressure to a safe point and
regulates pressure to that required by the convectors or unit heaters.

The temperature shall be controlled by means of manual valves.

8.12 ELECTRIC DUCT HEATERS

Electric duct heaters shall comprise sheathed coil elements encased in a finned tube made of
aluminum, copper, stainless steel or other corrosion-resistant materials, and shall be suitable
for required step control.

It is preferable that the surface temperature of the coil elements in service will not exceed
150C.

The duct heaters shall be provided with high-temperature limit switches to de-energize the
circuits as safety controls. This switch shall be manually resettable.

Moisture-resistant type duct heaters shall be used, where they are used with humidifiers, or
used with air conditioners or other air-cooling equipment that may result in condensation of
moisture shall be identified as suitable for use with air conditioners.

49 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

8.13 DUCTWORK, GRILLES, DIFFUSERS AND LOUVERS

8.13.1 Ductwork

Ductwork shall be permitted to be rigid or flexible and shall be constructed of materials that
are reinforced and sealed to satisfy the requirements for the use of the air duct system, and
shall be constructed of steel or other suitable materials permitted by NFPA 90A.

The material, thickness, construction and installation of ducts shall provide structural strength
and durability in conformance with ASHRAE Handbook - HVAC Systems and Equipment, and
referenced standards invoked therein.

Duct construction shall be in accordance with SMACNA, HVAC Duct Construction Standards
- Metal and Flexible, or internationally recognized equivalent standards.

All ductwork shall be provided with suitable resistance to corrosion caused by environmental
air, wind-borne dust, airborne chemicals, galvanic attack and others that may be
encountered. Air ducts for outdoor installation shall be weathertight.

Galvanized steel sheets shall be G60 coated steel sheet (Z180 for SI unit) by hot-dip process
conforming to ASTM A 653, or its equivalent material.

Galvanized steel ducts need not be painted.

All ductwork (supply air, return air, exhaust air) that may result in condensation of moisture
shall be properly insulated with necessary thickness of suitable material.

As a minimum requirement, the insulation shall be of glasswool with a density of not less than
24 kg/m3 or equivalent material.

The glasswool insulation and other blanket type insulation shall have a reflective aluminum
foil vapor barrier laminated to one side (outer face).

Insulated ductwork furnished outside the building shall be provided with suitable protection.

All steel hangers, supports and flanges shall be painted or galvanized.

Ductwork used for laboratory exhaust system shall have suitable resistance against
corrosion, dissolution, melting, etc., as applicable, due to the effluents, temperature, etc.

50 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

8.13.2 Ceiling Diffusers and Grilles

Ceiling diffusers and grilles shall be in accordance with manufacturers standard, and their
color shall match with that of the ceiling and room.

Ceiling diffusers shall be of square type or other shape, having deflecting vanes suitable for
discharging supply air in various directions and planes, and shall be provided with adjustable
dampers regulating the volume of supply air.

In addition, other accessories shall be provided, where required for control of the supply air
pattern and/or for minor adjustments of the airflow.

Grilles for supply air outlets shall be provided with double-deflection vanes for control of the
air stream in both the horizontal and vertical planes, and with opposed-blade dampers
attached to the backs of the grilles.

Grilles for return-air and exhaust-air inlets shall be of fixed straight vanes, except that fixed
vanes set at a certain angle shall be used when appearance is important. Opposed-blade
dampers shall be attached to the backs of the grilles when it is necessary to balance the
airflow at the return grilles in the return-duct system.

8.13.3 Louvers

Blades and frames of louvers shall be made of tempered aluminum alloy extrusions. The
surface of all aluminum extrusions and assemblies shall be natural anodized to anodic
coating thickness of not less than 15 microns.

Alternatively, steel louvers may be applied. The steel louvers shall be of, as a minimum
requirement, nominal 1.0 mm thick (20 gage) galvanized steel blades and nominal 1.3 mm
thick (18 gage) galvanized steel frame, and shall be finished with suitable paints.
The color shall match that of the wall.

Free area through which air can pass shall be at least 35% of the louver face area (louver
width x louver height = area of the opening for installation of the louver on the wall).

External louvers shall be provided with bird screens of corrosion-resistant material.

Where required, air intake louver shall be provided with a filter specified in para 8.8.6 of this
specification.

51 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

8.14 DAMPERS, FIRE DAMPERS AND BLAST RESISTANT VALVES

8.14.1 Dampers

Volume dampers, check dampers, motorized dampers, pressure relief dampers and other
dampers shall be in accordance with manufacturers standards, and be suitable for the
requirements for HVAC system.

Volume dampers shall be of manually operated, opposed acting multiple blade type, and shall
be suitable for modulating control of airflow.

The damper shall be equipped with an adjustable operating quadrant/position indicator.


Bushing/end-bearing for blade end supports shall be of bronze, stainless steel or other
suitable corrosion-resistant materials.

Motorized dampers shall be of multiple blade type, and shall be suitable for two positions of
open-closed control. The damper blades shall be provided with durable air seals with the
damper in closed position.

Pressure relief dampers shall be of parallel acting multiple blade type having adjustable
tension spring or counterweight for pressure control set at specified relief pressure.

Dampers used for laboratory exhaust system shall have suitable resistance against corrosion,
dissolution, melting, etc., as applicable, due to the effluents, temperature, etc.

8.14.2 Fire Dampers

Where there are any specific requirements under applicable local regulations, they shall
prevail. Fire dampers approved by the local authorities concerned, if any, shall be used. If
not, the following shall be applied as a minimum requirement.

Fire dampers used for the protection of openings in walls, partitions, or floors with fire
resistance ratings of less than 3 hours shall have a 1-hour fire protection rating in
accordance with UL 555 or equivalent.

Fire dampers used for the protection of openings in walls, partitions, or floors having a fire
resistance ratings of 3 hours or more shall have a 3-hour fire protection rating in accordance
with UL 555 or equivalent.

The dampers shall close automatically and remain closed upon the operation of fusible link
set to fail at 71 to 75C. Resetting of the damper shall be by manual operation, requiring the
fitting of a new fusible link if damaged or failed.

52 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

The thickness of sleeves for fire dampers shall not be less than the following:

Air Duct Maximum Width


Minimum Sleeve Thickness (mm)
or Diameter (mm)
305 or less 0.46
330 - 762 0.61
787 - 1372 0.762
1397 - 2134 0.915
2159 or more 1.194

8.14.3 Blast Resistant Valves

Blast resistant valves shall be suitable for safety devices against overpressure due to a vapor
cloud explosion, furnished at duct openings for air inlet and outlet on blast resistant building.

Blast resistant valves shall be fixed on the building by means of bolts or welds so as to permit
the valves to be installed after finishing the building concrete work.

Closing overpressure and negative overpressure in suction phase for the valve closings shall
be in accordance with manufacturers standard subject to approval.

Blast resistant valves shall withstand the following overpressures with no damage:

Location of Blast Resistant


Reflected Pressure (Pr) Peak Overpressure (Po)
Valves to be Installed
Po = 0.7 bar (70 kPa),
Duration = 30
milliseconds,
Vertical Installation: Pr = 1.75 bar (175
or
on the wall of the building; kPa), Duration = 30
Po = 0.3 bar (30 kPa),
or on the wall of penthouse milliseconds
Duration = 100
milliseconds,
whichever is critical
Po = 0.7 bar (70 kPa),
Duration = 30
milliseconds,
Horizontal Installation: or
Not Applicable
on the roof of the building Po = 0.2 bar (20 kPa),
Duration = 100
milliseconds,
whichever is critical

53 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

Where a vapor cloud explosion calculation is performed by the Main Contractor and the
calculation is approved by the Owner/SRP, then the calculated overpressures can be applied
instead of the aforementioned overpressures (Pr, Po) and their duration.

Blast resistant valves used for laboratory exhaust system shall have suitable resistance
against corrosion, dissolution, etc., as applicable, due to the effluents, temperature, etc.

Blast rating of blast resistant valves shall match with blast rating of buildings.

8.15 REFRIGERANT PIPING AND CONDENSATE DRAIN PIPING

Note: For chilled water piping, refer to ANNEX B.

8.15.1 Refrigerant Piping

Copper tubing used for refrigerant piping shall be phosphorus deoxidized seamless copper
tube conforming to;
ASTM B88 Type L; or
ASTM B280; or
JIS H3300 Type L.
Brazed joints shall be used for refrigeration piping system. Fittings shall be wrought
copper or copper alloy in accordance with ASME B16.22, or equivalent. Cast copper
alloy fittings are not permitted for the brazed joints.
Soldered joints or compression fittings may be used subject to prior written approval.

Insulation shall be provided for refrigerant suction piping. Refrigerant liquid pipelines shall not
be provided with insulation.

Insulation materials shall be;


preformed rigid cellular polyisocyanurate thermal insulation in accordance with
ASTM C591; or
preformed flexible elastomeric cellular thermal insulation in accordance with ASTM
C534.

The insulation shall be protected with special coating system as per manufacturers
recommendation or covering/jacketing with nominal 0.4 mm thick (30 gage) galvanized steel
sheets complying with ASTM A653 G90 coating (Z275 coating for SI unit) or its equivalent, or
covered with any other higher quality materials instead the galvanized steel sheets.

No covering/jacketing is required for indoor insulation, unless otherwise required in the


design.

54 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

The aforementioned requirements will not be applied to refrigeration piping system installed
inside air conditioning equipment. Origin country code/standard shall be applied in lieu in
order to avoid unnecessary change to the standardized air conditioning equipment.

8.15.2 Condensate Drain Piping

Pipe and fittings for condensate drain piping from air handling units and fan-coil units to
drainage system shall be PVC in accordance with ASTM D2665 or their equivalents.

The condensate piping shall be insulated to prevent condensation.


Insulation materials shall be;

pre-formed rigid cellular polyisocyanurate thermal insulation in accordance with


ASTM C591; or
pre-formed flexible elastomeric cellular thermal insulation in accordance with ASTM
C534.

8.16 SUPPLY POWER AND HVAC CONTROL PANELS

8.16.1 Supply Power for HVAC Equipment

Electrical equipment shall be suitable for the following electrical distribution systems as
applicable and as specified on the Data Sheets. The system frequency is 50 Hz.

Other voltages shall be derived within packaged unit.


Rated Voltage (V)(User
Service Phase/Wire Earthing
Voltage)
Power Distribution
Low voltage distribution 415/240 3/4 Solid
Motors
Motors over 0.75 kW ~ up 415 3/3
to 150 kW
Motors up to 0.75 kW 240/415 1/2, 3/3
(Note 1)

Rated Voltage (V)(User


Service Phase/Wire Earthing
Voltage)
Lighting and Power
Lighting fixtures 240 1/2
Convenience receptacles 240 1/2+Earthing
Control circuits
LV motor starters control 240 1/2

55 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

Note 1: Motors up to 0.75 kW will be single phase 240 V for nonhazardous area, and 3
phase 415 V for hazardous area.

The following equipment shall be operated at nominal 415/240V, 3-phase, 50Hz AC.
Outdoor units for the central air conditioning system;
Single Package Rooftop Air Conditioners, Ducted Split-System Air Conditioners;
Duct-Free Split-System Air Conditioners, Window Type Room Air Conditioners.
Air handling units for the central air conditioning system;
Outdoor air intake fans, and other ventilation fans of motor capacity up to 150 kW
except those specified in (3) of this Section;
Electric duct heaters; humidifiers; motorized dampers; and
Unit heaters.

Alternatives may be proposed but are subject to prior written approval.

The following equipment shall be operated at nominal 240V, single-phase, 50Hz AC.
Portable humidifiers;
Wall fans for Toilets;
Small ventilation fans of motor capacity of less than 0.75 kW; and
Others where it is necessary or preferable to apply single-phase, subject to prior
written approval.

8.17 HVAC CONTROL PANELS

8.17.1 General Requirements for HVAC Control Panels

A panel which is intended primarily for use of the control and electric power supply and
distribution for HVAC equipment (hereinafter called HVAC Control Panel), shall be provided
with all necessary electrical/electronic equipment for the general/shutdown control of HVAC
equipment, failure alarm transmission, etc.

Provision of independent separate panel for HVAC Control Panel and HVAC Distribution
Panel is acceptable.

HVAC control panel shall be microprocessor based controller (DDC / PLC type).

Requirements for cabinets/enclosures, cables/wires, electrical/electronic parts, nameplates,


document pockets and all other electrical requirements shall comply with Specification for
cabinet / rack design, doc number S-000-5371-201 and Specification for low voltage gear and
control gear, document number S-000-5381-002 in addition to the requirements in this
specification. HVAC distribution panel shall be non intelligent conventional type.

56 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

8.17.2 On/Off Switches for HVAC Control Panels

On/off switches shall be provided for all power supply circuits for HVAC equipment,
respectively.

Where parallel duty units (e.g., 50% x 2) are furnished, the switch shall be equipped for each
unit.

Where stand-by unit is provided, the switch shall be equipped separately for duty and stand-
by units.

Duct-free split-system air conditioners shall be provided with one switch per one set of indoor
and outdoor unit.

8.17.3 Selector Switches for Cooling and Heating Operation Modes

Selector switches shall be equipped for switch-over control of cooling and heating operation
mode for air handling units and ducted split-system air conditioners, except for the units of
cooling duty only.

Where parallel duty units are furnished, the selector switch shall be equipped for each unit.

Where stand-by unit is provided, the selector switch shall be equipped separately for duty and
stand-by units.

For duct-free split-system air conditioners and window type room air conditioners, the selector
switches shall be provided in their own equipment except for the units of cooling duty only.

8.17.4 Selector Switches for Duty and Stand-by Units

Where stand-by unit is provided, selector switches shall be equipped for the switch-over
control of the duty and stand-by units.

8.17.5 Circuit Breakers

Circuit breakers shall be provided for all power supply circuits for HVAC equipment
respectively.
For duct-free split-system air conditioners, the circuit breaker shall be provided per one set of
indoor and outdoor unit.

Where parallel duty units are furnished, the circuit breaker shall be equipped for each unit.

57 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

Where stand-by unit is provided, the circuit breaker shall be equipped separately for duty and
stand-by units.

Circuit breakers shall have alarm contacts for use of alarm signal transmission of the short
circuit failure, where the HVAC failure alarm transmission is required.

Short circuit protection shall be provided at the respective outgoing circuit at the
distribution/power panel.

8.17.6 Ammeters

Ammeters shall be provided for each of power supply circuits for;

air handling units, condensing units,


single package rooftop air conditioners;
ducted split-system air conditioners;
outdoor air intake fans, rooftop exhaust fans; and
other ventilation fans of which capacity 0.75 kW or more;

except for duct-free split system air conditioners, window type room air conditioners,
humidifiers, motorized dampers and small fans with a capacity of less than 0.75 kW.

8.17.7 Thermal Overload Relays

In order to detect/protect overload failure, manual reset type thermal overload relays
(connected to each phase, but not connected to neutral) shall be provided for each of power
supply circuits for;

air handling units; and


all fans of 3-phase motors;

except for condensing units, single package rooftop air conditioners, ducted split-system air
conditioners, duct-free split system air conditioners, window type room air conditioners,
humidifiers, motorized dampers, fans for steam unit heaters and small fans of single phase
motor.

Where parallel duty units are furnished, the relay shall be equipped for each unit.

Where stand-by unit is provided, the relay shall be equipped separately for duty and stand-by
units.

58 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

8.17.8 Indicator Lights

The lights indicating running and stop shall be provided for individual circuits for each HVAC
equipment. For duct-free split-system air conditioners, one set of the indicator lights shall be
provided per one set of indoor and outdoor unit.

The lights indicating overload failure shall be provided for each of the power supply circuits
requiring thermal overload relays specified in 8.17.7 of this specification.

The lights indicating common failure of the following equipment shall be provided by the
signal of common failure alarm transmitted from the equipment:

outdoor units for central air conditioning system;


single package rooftop air conditioners;
ducted split-system air conditioners.

Common electrical fault alarm per outgoing power circuit, covering thermal overload and
circuit breaker / fuse failure shall be provided, not just thermal overload failure.

Where parallel duty units are furnished, the lights shall be equipped for each unit.

Where stand-by unit is provided, the lights shall be equipped separately for duty and stand-by
units.

Electric power supply shall be indicated by one light per one panel as a common indication.

8.17.9 Control Signal and Alarm Signal Interface


Control signal:
HVAC Control Panel shall power a signal circuit with for continuous signal
(contact/close: normal condition, break/open: alarm).
Common failure alarm from outdoor units for central air conditioning system, single
package rooftop air conditioners or ducted split-system air conditioners to HVAC
control Panel:
HVAC Control Panel shall power a signal circuit for continuous signal (contact/close:
normal condition, break/open: alarm).
HVAC control Panel vs. HVAC Failure Alarm Panel and HVAC Control Panel vs.
Building/Local Fire Alarm Control Panel to be defined during detailed design.

59 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

9.0 ANNEXES
9.1 ANNEX-A HVAC INTERNAL DESIGN CONDITION

Internal Design Condition Room


No. Building / Room Name Summer Winter Pressure Remarks
DB (C) RH (%) DB (C) RH (%) (Pa)
88ICB11 Integrated Control
Building
(1) Control Room 24 2 50 10 24 2 50 10 25
(2) Rack Room 24 2 50 10 24 2 50 10 25
(4) Telecom Room 24 2 50 10 24 2 50 10 25
(7) UPS Room 24 2 50 10 24 2 50 10 (+) ve
(8) Electrical Room Max. 30 NR NR NR 25
(9) Battery Room Max 25 NR Min. 18 NR (-) ve 4
(14) Prayer Room SRIP 24 2 50 10 22 2 50 10 0 2
OTS Room
(16) Mess Room Pantry Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR (-) ve
(19) Male Toilet, Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR (-) ve
(20) Corridor, Main Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR 0
Entrance Lobby, ICR
Lounge
(22) Storage Room / Store Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR 0
(24) HVAC Room Max. 30 NR Min. 18 NR 0
(26) Airlock Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR (+) ve 1
(27) Operation Support 24 2 50 10 22 2 50 10 0 2
Room / Engineering
Room

88TLB11 Truck Loading


Building
(1) Administrator Room 24 2 50 10 24 2 50 10 0
(2) Rack Room 24 2 50 10 24 2 50 10 25
50 20 50 20
(3) Switchgear Room Max. 30 NR NR NR 25
(4) Battery Room Max 25 NR Min. 18 NR (-) ve 4
(5) Offices 24 2 50 10 22 2 50 10 0 2
(6) Pantry Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR (-) ve
(7) Toilet Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR (-) ve
(8) Corridor Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR 0
(9) HVAC Room Max. 30 NR Min. 18 NR 0
(10) Drivers Waiting Room 24 2 50 10 24 2 50 10 0 2

60 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

Internal Design Condition Room


No. Building / Room Name Summer Winter Pressure Remarks
DB (C) RH (%) DB (C) RH (%) (Pa)
(11) Airlock Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR (+) ve 1

88MSS0 Main Intake


2 Substation
(1) Switchgear Room Max. 30 NR NR NR 25 3
(2) Battery Room Max. 25 NR Min. 18 NR (-) ve 4
(3) HVAC Room Max. 30 NR Min. 18 NR 0

88SS14/ Substations
15/16/17/
41/92/18/
42
(1) Switchgear Room Max. 30 NR NR NR 25 3
(2) Battery Room Max. 25 NR Min. 18 NR (-) ve 4
(3) HVAC Room Max. 30 NR Min. 18 NR 0
(4) Airlock Max. 30 NR NR NR (+) ve 1

88MRS0 Main Receiving


0 Substation
(1) Switchgear Room Max. 30 NR NR NR 25 3
(2) Battery Room Max. 25 NR Min. 18 NR (-) ve 4
(3) HVAC Room Max. 30 NR Min. 18 NR 0
(4) Control Panel Room 24 2 50 10 24 2 50 10 25
(5) UPS Room 24 2 50 10 24 2 50 10 (+) ve
(6) Corridor Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR 0

88FS11 Fire Station


(1) Alarm Dispatch Room 24 2 50 10 22 2 50 10 0 2
(2) Library 24 2 50 10 22 2 50 10 0 2
(3) Training Room 24 2 50 10 22 2 50 10 0 2
(4) Office 24 2 50 10 22 2 50 10 0 2
(5) Mess Room Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR (-) ve
(6) Prayers Room 24 2 50 10 22 2 50 10 0 2
(7) First Aid Room 24 2 50 10 22 2 50 10 0 2
(8) Lockers Shower 24 2 50 10 22 2 50 10 (-) ve
Room
(9) Equipment Storage Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR 0
Room
(10) Extinguisher Refill Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR 0
Room

61 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

Internal Design Condition Room


No. Building / Room Name Summer Winter Pressure Remarks
DB (C) RH (%) DB (C) RH (%) (Pa)
(11) Breathing Apparatus Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR 0
Room / Air
Compressor Room
(12) Toilet, Janitor Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR (-) ve
(13) Corridor, Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR 0
(14) Mechanical & Max. 30 NR Min. 18 NR 0
Electrical Room /
HVAC room
(15) Fire Truck Garage NR NR NR NR 0
(16) Network Room 24 2 50 10 22 2 50 10 0 2
(17) Air Lock Room Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR (+) ve 1

88SIH11/ Satellite Instrument


12/13/14/ Houses
15/16/17
(1) Rack Room 24 2 50 10 24 2 50 10 25
50 20 50 20
(2) UPS Room 24 2 50 10 24 2 50 10 (+) ve
50 20 50 20
(3) Battery Room Max. 25 NR Min. 18 NR (-) ve 4
(4) HVAC Room Max. 30 NR Min. 18 NR 0
(5) Airlock Max. 28 NR NR NR (+) ve 1

88GH12/ Guard Houses for


13/16 Plant Entrance
(1) Security Office 24 2 NR 22 2 NR 0 2, 5, 6
(2) Pantry Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR (-) ve
(3) Toilet NR NR NR NR (-) ve See
Note (*)

88GH14 Truck Loading


Satellite Office
(1) Security Office 24 2 50 10 22 2 50 10 0 2
(2) Pantry Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR (-) ve
(3) Toilet NR NR NR NR (-) ve See
Note (*)
(4) Instrument Room 24 2 50 10 22 2 50 10 25

88GH11 Guard House for


Main Entry

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Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

Internal Design Condition Room


No. Building / Room Name Summer Winter Pressure Remarks
DB (C) RH (%) DB (C) RH (%) (Pa)
(1) Security Room 24 2 NR 22 2 NR 0 2, 5, 6

88WS11 Maintenance
Workshop
(1) Prayer Room Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR 0 2
(2) Mess Room Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR (-) ve
(3) Tool Room Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR 0
(4) Corridor / Air Lock Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR 0
(5) Locker Room / Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR (-) ve
Shower
(6) Toilets / Cleaners Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR (-) ve
(7) Meeting Room Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR 0 2
(8) Archive Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR 0
(9) Spare Parts Room Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR 0
(10) HVAC Room Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR 0
(11) Electrical Room Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR 0 2
(12) Proactive Room Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR 0 2
(13) Planning Room Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR 0 2
(14) Instrument Room Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR 0 2
(15) Static Room Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR 0 2
(16) Rotating Room Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR 0 2
(17) Female Change Room Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR 0 2
(18) Office Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR 0 2
(19) Training / Meeting Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR 0 2
Room
(20) Pantry Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR (-) ve
(21) File Room / Store Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR 0
Room / Printers
(22) Battery Room Max. 25 NR Min. 18 NR (-) ve
(23) Maintenance Shop NR NR NR NR 0
Area

88LAB11 Extended Laboratory


(1) Laboratory 24 2 50 10 22 2 50 10 0 7
(2) Gas Chromatograph 24 2 50 10 22 2 50 10 0 7
(3) Spare Parts 24 2 50 10 22 2 50 10 0
Combustable
(4) New Bitumen Lab 24 2 50 10 22 2 50 10 0
(5) New Bottle Washing 24 2 50 10 22 2 50 10 0
Room

63 OF 64
Oman Refineries and Petrochemicals Company
Specification for HVAC
LLC.
S-000-535Z-002
Sohar Refinery Improvement Project
Rev.2
Sultanate of Oman
Job No : 120476 / JI-02022
Contract No. 21297

Internal Design Condition Room


No. Building / Room Name Summer Winter Pressure Remarks
DB (C) RH (%) DB (C) RH (%) (Pa)
(6) Lobby 24 2 50 10 22 2 50 10 0
(7) CFR Engine Room 24 2 50 10 22 2 50 10 0 7

88CSB Change & Shower


11 Building
(1) Locker Room Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR (-) ve
(2) Wash Room Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR (-) ve

88OS11/ Operator Shelter


12/13/14/
15/16
(1) Operator Room + 24 2 50 10 22 2 50 10 0 2
Prayer Area + Tea
Room
(2) Toilet Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR (-) ve
(3) Air Lock Room Max. 28 NR Min. 18 NR (+) ve 1

Note :DB = Dry Bulb


RH = Relative Humidity
NR = Not Required
(*) Exhaust air is transferred from air conditioned area.
(-) ve Negative
(+) ve - Positive
Remarks :
1. Air locks shall be provided with positive pressure with supply air suitable to maintain the
desired room conditions. Return air shall not be collected from air locks.
2. Outdoor fresh air for offices / occupied area shall be provided based on occupancy and on
the pressurization requirement.
3. Switchgear room design conditions are updated in line with Switchgear data sheet (Doc no.
S-000-5381-103).
4. Battery room design conditions are updated in line with Battery data sheet (Doc no. S-000-
5381-105 & S-000-5381-106).
5. Buildings that are provided with duct free split AC units shall not have specific humidity
control.
6. Outdoor fresh air for the buildings that are provided with duct free split AC units shall be
provided through door openings only.
7. The new HVAC system shall be designed for the specified room temperature & RH
conditions, but the conditions shall not guaranteed as these rooms are also served with
existing HVAC system.

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