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ZOOM

Technologies

Using Multiple Routing protocol ZOOM


Technologies

Application-specific protocols
Mismatch between devices (Vendors)
Political boundaries
Redistribution ZOOM
Technologies

This process of exchanging routing information between


routing protocols is called Route Redistribution

Redistribute

OSPF 5 EIGRP 10
Routing Table Routing Table Routing Table

10.10.0.0
OOSPF
10.10.0.0 EIGRP
OSPF
D 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.0
D EIGRP
192.168.0.0

10.11.0.0
Update
O 10.11.0.0 Update
D 192.168.1.0 192.168.1.0
D Update
192.168.1.0

10.12.0.0 BR 192.168.2.0
O 10.12.0.0 D 192.168.2.0 D 192.168.2.0

O E1 192.168.0.0 O 10.10.0.0 . D Ex 10.10.0.0

O E1 192.168.1.0 O 10.11.0.0 . D Ex 10.11.0.0

O E1 192.168.2.0 O 10.12.0.0 . D Ex 10.12.0.0

Seed Metric ZOOM


Technologies

Protocols Metric

RIP Infinite

OSPF 20

IGRP & EIGRP Infinite

IS IS 0

BGP From IGP


Redistributing into RIP ZOOM
Technologies

Redistributing
into RIP
with Hop 6

Protocol RIP
X Routing Table

10.10.0.0 192.168.0.0
R 192.168.0.0 [2]
Routing RIP
10.11.0.0
Update Update
192.168.1.0
R 192.168.1.0 [1]

10.12.0.0 BR 192.168.2.0
R 192.168.2.0 [2]

R 10.10.0.0 [6]

R 10.11.0.0 [6]

R 10.12.0.0 [6]

Configuring Redistribution into RIP


BR(config)# router rip
BR(config-router)# redistribute <protocol>
metric <value>

Redistributing into OSPF ZOOM


Technologies

Redistributing
into OSPF 5
with Cost 100
& Subnets
Protocol OSFP 5
X Routing Table

10.10.0.0 192.168.0.0
O 192.168.0.0 [128]
Routing OSPF
10.11.0.0
Update Update
192.168.1.0
O 192.168.1.0 [64]

10.12.0.0 BR 192.168.2.0
O 192.168.2.0 [128]

O E2 10.10.0.0 [100]

O E2 10.11.0.0 [100]

O E2 10.12.0.0 [100]

Configuring Redistribution into OSPF


BR(config)# router ospf 5
BR(config-router)# redistribute <protocol>
[metric <value>] [metric-type 1|2]
[subnet]
Redistributing into EIGRP ZOOM
Technologies
Redistributing
into EIGRP 10
with BW 2Mbps,
Delay 2000 s,
Reliblity 100%,
Load 50%,
Protocol MTU 1500 EIGRP 10
X Routing Table

10.10.0.0 192.168.0.0
D 192.168.0.0 [45002100]
Routing EIGRP
10.11.0.0
Update Update
192.168.1.0
D 192.168.1.0 [2100150]

10.12.0.0 BR 192.168.2.0
D 192.168.2.0 [45002100]

D Ex 10.10.0.0 [1200300]

D Ex 10.11.0.0 [1200300]

D Ex 10.12.0.0 [1200300]

Configuring Redistribution into EIGRP


BR(config)# router eigrp 10
BR(config-router)# redistribute <protocol>
metric <BW in Kbps> <delay in s>
<reliability> <load> <MTU>

Passive Interface ZOOM


Technologies

Internet
10.10.7.0/24 E0 S0

S3
C
S1
S2
10.10.4.0/24

S0 S0 S0

S1 S1
A B D
10.10.3.0/24
E0

10.10.1.0/24
Passive Interface Command ZOOM
Technologies

Configuring Passive Interface in routing protocol

Router(config-router)# passive-interface <type> <No.>

Passive Interface ZOOM


Technologies

Internet
10.10.7.0/24 E0 S0

S3
C
S1
S2
10.10.4.0/24

S0 S0 S0

S1
A(config)#router S1
rip
A 10.10.3.0/24
B
A(config-router)#passive-interface s1 D
C(config)#router
E0 rip
C(config-router)#default passive-interface
C(config-router)#no passive-interface s 3
10.10.1.0/24
Distribute List ZOOM
Technologies

Router B
Should no send
Any update except
192.168.2.0/24

EIGRP 100 S1 S1 EIGRP 100 S0 S0


192.168.1.0 192.168.1.0
A B D
E0 E0 E0

192.168.1.0/24 192.168.2.0/24 192.168.3.0/24

B(config-router)#distribute-list 10 out s 0
Configuring Distribute-list on Router
B(config-router)#distribute-list 10 out s 1
B
Router(config)# Router eigrp 100
B(config)#access-list 10 permit 192.168.2.0 0.0.0.255
Router(config-router)# distribute-list <ACL-No.> <in / out >
<int type> <No.>

Copyright Zoom Technologies

Distribute List ZOOM


Technologies

Redistributing
into OSPF 5
Excepts subnet
10.11.0.0/24
Protocol OSFP 5
X Routing Table

10.10.0.0 192.168.0.0
O 192.168.0.0 [128]
Routing OSPF
10.11.0.0
Update Update
192.168.1.0
O 192.168.1.0 [64]

10.12.0.0 BR 192.168.2.0
O 192.168.2.0 [128]

O E2 10.10.0.0 [100]

O E2 10.11.0.0 [100]

O E2 10.12.0.0 [100]

Configuring Distribute-list on Router B


Router(config)# Router ospf 5
Router(config-router)# distribute-list <ACL-No.> out
<protocol>
ZOOM
Technologies

Route Map

ROUTE MAPS ZOOM


Technologies

Route maps works like a scripting language

It works like a sophisticated access-list

Top down processing

Ones a match is found it leaves the route map

Route maps are configured with sequence No. for easy


editing i.e. for adding removing and inserting is possible

Route maps are identified by names

Route maps will follow IF THEN ELSE criteria


ROUTE MAPS Usage ZOOM
Technologies

Route maps are used for

policy based routing

BGP policy

Redistribution

NAT

QoS

Configuration Of Route MAP ZOOM


Technologies

Configure Route Map

Router(config)# Route-map <name> permit/deny <Sequence No.>

Defining the condition to Match

Router(config-route-map)#match <condition>

Defining the condition to Set

Router(config-route-map)#set <condition>
POLICY BASED ROUTING ZOOM
Technologies

It is used for implementing policy that cause the packet


to take a different direction

PBR allows source based routing

Routing table is destination based

POLICY BASED ROUTING ZOOM


Technologies

ADVANTAGES

Different users can go from different directions

Load sharing
POLICY BASED ROUTING ZOOM
Technologies

Features

implemented on the incoming direction of the source


interface

If the packet is match in the route map and it is


permit it will be send according to the policy

If the packet is match in the route map and route


map deny packet will be forwarded according to
normal routing table

If there is no match in Route-map the packet will be


forwarded according to routing table

Before POLICY BASED ROUTING ZOOM


Technologies

192.168.2.0/24

11.0.0.1

S1

Internet
A
S0

Routing Table

S* 0.0.0.0/0 S0
B
S* 0.0.0.0/0 S1

192.168.1.0/24
POLICY BASED ROUTING ZOOM
Technologies

192.168.2.0/24
Policy

11.0.0.1 192.168.1.0 S0

192.168.2.0 S1
i

S1

Internet
A
S0

Routing Table

11.0.0.1 S* 0.0.0.0/0 S0
B
S* 0.0.0.0/0 S1

192.168.1.0/24

Defining Policies For PBR ZOOM


Technologies

Configure Route Map

Router(config)# Route-map <name> permit/deny <Sequence No.>

Defining the condition to Match


Router(config-route-map)#match ip address <ACL-No.>
Or
Router(config-route-map)#match interface <type> <No.>

Defining the condition to Set


Router(config-route-map)#set ip next-hop <next-hop IP>
Or
Router(config-route-map)#set interface <type> <No.>
Implementing PBR ZOOM
Technologies

Implementation Of PBR

Router(config-if)# ip policy route-map <name>