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(*... . ( % . . .. . . ( ) 1( ) * * * * * * A . & .* ( )= . . @ 6 # -. % )ω ( )=' 0( ) /( )= 1( − )+ 1+ ( − − ) * * (-. /. )ω ( ( )=' () )ω (* ( )=' *( ) % = *( )= ( )+ 0( ) 6 # .

. /. ! B/ . B5 . / 01&2 B1 .3 . ( 2.D /. . @/ !4 01&2 2. . ! /. 5.. # ..B 2 .. % 2+-) 3 .!BC1.. .. /.... 5.3 . B5 .. @ 6 # E ... 5.D 2... 24 .. ! BC2 . 2 . B2 ... % 1+-) 3 ..

/ 5 7 = F\$ = ./ H G/ G/ 5 = G/ \$ G/ I G/ JI G/ π <I G 5 = I! 5 = ! G -JJG. . G. / . / 7 / F . K . ( ! 5 = G/ G.

@ 7 / 5 # + # / % & = ( ' ( ' ( \$ ! % & " ' \$ ) # "# M . L! 7 5. 5 7 /. # . .' = .

. &. 1 & 8 : G -: & 9-1. JJG -7 37 1 & 8 % : 7 % ( 7 & = G -9 . I G/ JI G/ π < I G/ \$ G/ G & = G -./ . 1 & 8 : G -: & 9-1. G G/ H G/ G . 1 & . . - ( = = ! G -6 3 .

2 1.0 << < −∞ x /( )= 6< * { (( − )< ) + (( + ) < )} = 6< * ( < ) ∗ {δ ( − )+δ ( + )} { ) < )} = * 6* < * /( ) * ≈ 6< * * (( − )< ) + * (( + < * ( < ) ∗ {δ ( − )+δ ( + )} 6*< ∞ -& ( )≈ * ( < ) + δ ( −0 ) ∗ {δ ( − )+δ ( + )} A < −∞ .! -.2 2.8 2.0 1. => ? .8 3. 6 ∞ .6 ℜ # (τ ) = + δ (τ − 0< ) 0. .8 sinc^2(x) δ (τ ) ∞ 0.0 2.! N G 7 ! G ( 7 ! @ ( 7 L'O) -.4 2. C ! N 3* > DEP NRZ-L & ( L × L × 1.4 1.0 0.2 ∞ 0 -# ( )= + δ ( −0 ) 0.4 0. 6-1. ω -.2 \$ ( L × 1 0..2 0.8 1. @ A"B3 −∞ .6 2.6 0.4 << << −∞ 0.6 1. #( )= 0δ ( − 0< ) 0 = .

\$% 7 7 7 4/? & α3.-1 ! G 7 G/ 6 . ? M.3 6 -ω4 >*π../ 3 /* 7 / G % 7 # .D 6-1 :9-1 & :. .: ( .P 7 43*" 43" 4 4%" 4%*" * . *.) .

6 ( / . ( ( / 7 ( # .< E ( & < N . & 7 4 .

! ' C .. )ω D3 ' C ".. .D + ! G 7 ./ .... ( ( / 7 ( # + 7: # -. 7 . .. < E ( & < N . ! ".. < . )θ. ! θ 7 . (. ! 6 ω .. )ω D 5 (.. 5 (. ! θ )! ... Cω % θ. # # @ ( Q ( ./ 6 ω )6 ω ! . ω + G 7 .

3G..3G.π *D ω ! / . 5 3 </ . ! )! . R 5 3 */ . . " 7 ...3G. G/ G / 7 . ! 7 . < E ( & < + I G .π *D ω 3 6 C. )! . R 5 3 4/ .= (F8 ! 6 Cω %. . 7 . .π *D! 6 C. ! ? .

. 7 . @ ( : .. ( # + ( 7 ) G/ G ) 7*E . N. . 6 %6 ( <) G/ I G # / K) G I G ( K) G A .

B ω 7 ( ( * ( * π </ & N N 6 : Φ .B ω R Φ*.. E . 9 .... 3 -* < . 1 & < D = 7 . Φ*. I G Φ*.. ( I G 7 = *D 6 = (ω ) < >9-1 ( ) = + ( − )π *D .> Φ-.. 3 -* < . >9-1. / < 6 *< % & ( < 3 *< D = (6 ⋅ ω ) * = * .≤ ≤< = *4< < * >9-1 ( )= *D < (( − )π * ) (ω ) − *D < ( ( − ) π * ) (ω ) >9-1 ( )= D ( ( − ) π * )Φ ( )− D ( ( − ) π * )Φ * ( ) Φ . Φ-. Φ*.

# M. " *= !.= !.. >9-1 \$ '.. % . !* Φ-.. % * G " * Σ % . @ .! !*!4 7 # ) " . ) . % * . @ % # . @ ( . @ I G K . # # ( J . @ " *= ! !4 Φ*. .

. . Σ . M. . !* Φ-..= !. >9-1 \$ '. " *= !.. @ I G M . @ . *. @ . # ( J ) -. .! !*!4 / / * . " *= ! !4 Φ*. .

*.*S. " >9-1 @ @ % 6 ∈(. . : 7 & ( 7 =.. * A. * . 9A ( N < < 6 6*< . . . ./ < ] # *. *D *D 6*< ( )= 6 ω = ω R *( ) = −6 ω =− ω D = < < * *D *D 4( ) = 6 ω = ω R < ( ) = −6 ω =− ω < < . A.. . . D − * D * + D* D 6*< 9. .. < . . . \$ 9∈ = > => => => * A. -. 7 D=D = * () = D* = D *= ( ) *( ) =. % : 6 ( # : .

) * * < < D D *D 4π . *( )=− ω + ω = ω + (. ... A. . . )R < < < < . * . 6 6 D D ( )= ω + ω = ω + ω ( . . /6 7 / * G 7 6 D = + 6 # * < . * . < . . * A." >9-1 @ % 6 ∈(. . D < 6= . * 6 < * 6*< D 9∈ = > => => -6 A./ < ] < . *D .

" 3 < *-< *- 9∈ = > => A. ( < = 6*< *D 6*< 9∈ = > => RD = A. " % N . -36\$ * .P 7 43*" 43" 4 4%" 4%*" ** . *" 7 4/? & α3. ? M. A. A. * . :9-1H >9-1 ' 6 G 6 .

# . ( < ! *< .. . 6 G. A. " 3* < -< *- 9∈ = > => .= 6*< 6*< 9∈ = > => * A. 7 9 7 N . ( 7 H . GT *4 . % I G/ N . . " % I G . A. 7 . / ( 7 H . 6 G/ # ( 7 -L( 6 N 6 6 .7 . :9-1H >9-1 ( I G 7 6 -7 6 G. -36\$ * . A. *" !" / G *" / 7 .

" ! ω % . Σ . 6 7 -( .E @ + & ( K) G ( I G/ . @ ". 1 & E3* ! ω " 3 ". M. J # ( \$! . .. % 7 #\$ E 39 . *< .

? M. E.P 7 43*" 43" 4 4%" 4%*" *? ./ 3 /*/ E 7 / " 3" 3" 7*E % 7 # . \$% 7 7 4/? & α3. .) .D E39-1 ) G 7 G/ 6 ..: ( .3 6 -ω >*π .

J # . Σ . @ ". > 6 E % ) G E3* 6 ω ( " 3 ".E @ + & ( ( AI! I G/ . 6 ω % . *A . 6 7 % 7 " #. M. \$! " ..

3 4" R ! 7*E ?" M *E *. D9 E9-1 & >6E L( 6 7 ( / @ *. . # . F H1)' / *E \$ ... U 3 4". ./ N .

&. % . ( 6 η% & ( 7 ( N . % . . " N .D ( 7 &( . . M. L'O/ N . & . ( . 6 : %. 1&2 *K . %. ' () * ) + 6 I! E # 6 : # # . 6 # . .P 7 . η% &. 0.

7Q ) - # # 7 ..# 7 3 . # 8 7 9 ( 8 9 ( )= { ( )} 5 % * 1& : 6 < 7 . D A& % N . & ( 6 : 7 : : *M . 6 3 < ) ) 7 . Q < 7 ) + 5 % @ 3.

D @ ( /. 4. ρ3 N . 8 L 6 9/ N . / . ≥ ) / = {π ( −* )} ( )= { ( )} − (* ( ) ) * −* * \$ 8 = ρ= − ρ3.. < π( − ) π( − *) /( )= + = − < < ) * −* * −* . .

/ρ) * # ( . D @ ( .. 3 <R # L 6 - N . ! N .- L 6 . /. ./ρ 6 . 6 . * ) 01&2 L( 6 # 7 -.V 4 4 .. 6 7 =( .

D @ ! # N 6 ρ = −* . = {πρ } ( )= { ( )} − (* ρ )* L( 6 ( 8 9 L 6 #/ 6 4* . .

0 1.2 0.8 0.4 x * ) 01&2 44 .8 3.6 0. : .6 0.4 0.4 1.4 2.+ & ρ / F/ . .2 1.4 /.8 2.2 * -0.2 0 0.0 -0. Respuestas para ISI=0 1.6 2.2 2.8 1.6 1.. 0.0 0.0 2.2 1 0.

. 1&2 4< . F/ # / .0-./ ρ & . η% . # : . & . % ./ ρ.D # # & . ρ/ * ) :.

/ ρ 0-. 1&2 ρ 3 ./E? * /./?E ./M . 4/A< 4/*./K. . .. & .> ρ./. /44 / < /. .0.D ( η% & % ./AE . ./? . 4* ? ?/./? < * */. */. /K* /A. /E /? A < </. */E4 */<. K 4 4/.. </?? </. */AE */*M */./ ./*? . 1&2 6 # : <# 6 ( ! / @ / 7 . 4/44 */KA */? : 6 / N 4? . E 7*E η3: : 3 " *" 3 .

9 E ( E6-1 Q # / : N / 6 / 7 6 & ( ) / . . . E E* − " 9∈E := = R & 9∈ = 7* E 7* E 4A . . . . / N . 6 # : = E− *D E− A -A" 9∈E = * > =* > E A.

9 -2 10 L! G / L*3 / . 10 -4 6 .− 9 . L! G / = -8 10 9 9 = / 9 = − . 6 .* / -10 10 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 4D DH A : 9 =* − > E -E − . 9 E ( E>6E 0 10 % . A 4E . . M=4 16 64 256 ( -6 10 .

# G ( 3 * / ∆ N . 7 ≈ \$ %E∆ F 3\$ 3I∆ 3J∆ 3K∆ 3∆ %∆ %K∆ %J∆ %I∆ GGG GG4 4G4 444 G44 G4G 44G 4GG \$ # ( N / 6 : & ( N % / : G & ( ) N 4K . 6 .9 E.-1 H 3 % ' / : .

% K∆ % %# # N& % 7 ." A 3 3. .-1 . 3 K∆ % %# # 3K∆ 3∆ %∆ %K∆ G4 44 4G GG 4M . \$ . %∆ % %# # J \$ ( . ! . D) . 3∆ % %# # ' N F 3\$ . \$ F ∼ * -4∆ > 8 . \$ . \$ .

" A 3 3. ! . 3∆ % %# # . 3 K∆ % %# # <. \$ . . \$ F ∼ * -4∆ > 8 . . \$ . %∆ % %# # J \$ ( .-1 . \$ .D) . % K∆ % %# # N& % 7 .

( . σ * −∞ σ * * −∞ σ * .-1 3 ( . . .W . * − 6* * E− * − 6* − − * − E− ∞ *σ * *σ * ∞ *σ * * 6 6 − 9 E= * = *σ * −∞ σ * .< ∞/ * < / 4 < / E < . σ * − 9E 9 = R 6 . ( N / 7 ( G % : . = 9 .9 E. = 9∈E ! G 3 9 E 9 E = 9 . : H 7* E 7 ( / 7: 7 < .

σ* −∞ σ* * * − 6* − E− ∞ *σ * * 6 − 9E = *σ * −∞ σ* . * − 6* * E− ∞ − − * *σ * *σ * 6 9 E= * −∞ σ* . σ* − 9E 9 = R ( H 7* E <* .-1 H 3 9 E = 9 .< ∞/ * < / 4 < / E < . = 9 . 9 E.W .

\$ ." A 3 L3. %I∆ % %# # N& % 7 . .-1 . %J∆ % %# # J \$ ( ' N . ! . 3I∆ % %# # <4 . \$ . \$ F ∼ * -E∆ > 8 .

≈ − − *> * = *> * σ σ 9 = 9. .= 9.= − 9. ( H . .E 9-1. 0 10 Φ 9 -2 10 -4 10 =\$ M=2 4 8 16 32 64 128 -6 D 10 φ -8 10 -10 10 << 0 10 20 30 40 << H\$ DH A : . . . . * * ≈ > * = > *D * (π E) 7* E σ A. I! . .

... )ω D ! ". # # @ -. %@ = " " 0 .." < E ( & < N F 7 E . I! . :M ..X *" *" !*" H/ @ .1" # ! )! . # / . ! ' C . ! θ <? . . ( ./? -" -*" . .3I (.. G N ... )ω D3 ' C".D # # @ 7 ( # @ ( G/ ( ! G/ . )θ. Cω % θ. ' ./? -" *" . . " C D3" / .

<A I \$ .. \$! " ". 6 %@ = 0 . % . ' . M. !Z ω ω \$ . M... J J !\$ . ! . ! " 3 ". " < E ( & < % ' Y ( ( # / # # @ 7 / ..1" # 2 " 32 < " E3* . !Z ω ω I Σ < . . 7 .

9 E− AD ! G 9 = / 9 =* > E -E * − . . <E . . A 9 D 6*< 6*< I G 9 = / 9 = *> = *> = *> -9 6 # = * A *A A < G/ <I! *! G. 7* E −∞ 9 4D I! 9 = / 9 = − . Q . .− 9 .* / 9 = * − > E -E − . 6 # 9 ≅9 9 . A G 9 = 9 / 9 = *> *D (π E) A * − 6* − E− ∞ − 9E * *σ * 6 − G 9 = / 9E = *σ * σ σ* * . ( 7 H / . . " < E ( & < .