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ELECTRICAL PROJECTS USING MATLAB/SIMULINK

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DSTATCOM employing hybrid neural
network control technique for power quality
improvement
ABSTRACT
A new hybrid control technique called gradient descent back propagation (GDBP)-based i cos ϕ
for a three phase two level distribution static compensator (DSTATCOM) to perform the
functions such as harmonic mitigation, power factor correction under reactive loads, which
further reduces the DC link voltage across the self-supported capacitor of voltage source
converter (VSC). The weighted value of fundamental active and reactive components of load
currents are extracted using the proposed control technique to generate the reference source
currents. Furthermore, these currents are used to trigger the VSC of the DSTATCOM. The
effectiveness of this control technique is demonstrated through simulation using
MATLAB/SIMULINK and sim power system tool boxes. The real-time implementation of
DSTATCOM is also realised by real-time digital simulator. These results reveal the robustness
of the proposed DSTATCOM as it is showing outstanding harmonic compensation capabilities
under the various loading conditions and keeping the total harmonics distortion of the source
current well <5%, the limit imposed by IEEE-519 standard.

SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

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ELECTRICAL PROJECTS USING MATLAB/SIMULINK
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BLOCK DIAGRAM:

Fig. 1 Complete layout of the proposed DSTATCOM with control algorithm
(i) Schematic diagram of the power distribution system including proposed DSTATCOM

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EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

Fig. 2 MATLAB results for (i) System performance using i cos ϕ control technique-based
DSTATCOM, (ii) Harmonic spectra of source current, (iii) Harmonic spectra of load current and,
(iv) Waveform of a-phase source voltage and source current
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Fig. 3 MATLAB results for (i)System performance using i cos ϕ control technique-based
DSTATCOM under unbalanced condition, (ii) Harmonic spectra of source current, (iii)
Harmonic spectra of load current and, (iv) Waveform of a-phase source voltage and source
current

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ELECTRICAL PROJECTS USING MATLAB/SIMULINK
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Fig. 4 MATLAB results for (i) System performance by GDBP controlled i cos ϕ-based
DSTATCOM, (ii) Harmonic spectra of source current, (iii) Harmonic spectra of load current and
(iv) Waveform of a-phase source voltage and source current

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Fig. 5 MATLAB results for (i) System performance by GDBP controlled i cos ϕ-based
DSTATCOM under unbalanced loading condition, (ii) Harmonic spectra of source current, (iii)
Harmonic spectra of load current and, (iv) Waveform of a-phase source voltage and source
current

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ELECTRICAL PROJECTS USING MATLAB/SIMULINK
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Fig. 6 MATLAB results for (i) Comparison of vdc under balanced condition and, (ii)
Comparison of vdc under unbalanced condition

CONCLUSION
The DSTATCOM using GDBP-based i cos ϕ control technique is regarded as one of the suitable
challenging solution for the improvement of power quality. It has performed better for the source
current harmonic reduction, power factor improvement, voltage regulation and load balancing
than traditional method. Also less amount of voltage is required to store the energy across the
self-supported capacitor causing decrease in rating of DSTATCOM. This proposed technique
assures the corrective actions under any source voltage and load conditions. The simulation
results obtained from MATLB/ SIMULINK .

REFERENCES
[1] Angelo, B.: ‘Handbook on power quality’ (John Wiley & Sons, NJ, USA, 2008)
[2] Dugan, R.C., Mc Granaghan, M.F., Beaty, H.W.: ‘Electric power systems quality’
(McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA, 2006, 2nd edn.)
[3] Bollen, M.H.J.: ‘Understanding power quality problems’ (IEEE press, Wiley India
Edition, 2011)
[4] Ghosh, A., Ledwich, G.: ‘Power quality enhancement using custom power devices’
(Springer International Edition, 2009)
[5] Padiyar, K.R.: ‘FACTS controllers in power transmission and distribution’ (New Age
International, New Delhi, India, 2008)

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