You are on page 1of 6

7/11/2017 Acetamide: Acetamide mineral information and data.

Help mindat.org | Log In | Register | Language: English

About Mindat Support Mindat Photos Messageboard Advanced Search More Search Mindat Go

Acetamide
This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.

Acetamide
Shamokin, Northumberland Co., Pennsylvania,
USA

Acetamide
Shamokin, Northumberland Co., Pennsylvania,
USA

https://www.mindat.org/min-13.html 1/6
7/11/2017 Acetamide: Acetamide mineral information and data.

Acetamide
Shamokin, Northumberland Co., Pennsylvania, USA

Formula: CH 3 CONH 2

System: Trigonal Colour: Colourless, grey

Lustre: Vitreous, Greasy Hardness: 1 - 1

Name: Named for the chemical compound it represents: Acetic acid amide. Acetamide is the common
short name (trivial name) of this compound.

Naturally occurring acetamide (acetic acid amide).

Classification of Acetamide
IMA status: Approved

Approval Year: 1974

Strunz 8th ed.: 9/D.01-20

Strunz 9th ed.: 10.AA.20

Nickel-Strunz 10.AA.20
10th (pending)
ed.: 10 : ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
A : Salts of organic acids
A : Formates, Acetates, etc.

Dana 8th ed.: 50.4.7.1

50 : ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
4 : Miscellaneous

Hey's CIM Ref.: 32.11

32 :

Physical Properties of Acetamide


Lustre: Vitreous, Greasy

Colour: Colourless, grey

https://www.mindat.org/min-13.html 2/6
7/11/2017 Acetamide: Acetamide mineral information and data.

Comment: grey if included with carbonaceous material

Streak: white

Hardness 1 - 1
(Mohs):
Fracture: Conchoidal

Optical Data of Acetamide


Type: Uniaxial (-)

RI values: n = 1.495 n = 1.460


Max = 0.035
Birefringence: Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30m thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.

Surface Relief: Moderate

Chemical Properties of Acetamide


Formula: CH 3 CONH 2

Elements listed C, H, N, O - search for minerals with similar chemistry


in formula:

Crystallography of Acetamide
Crystal System: Trigonal

Class (H-M): 3m - Ditrigonal Pyramidal


Space Group: R3c
Cell Parameters: a = 11.44 , c = 13.5

Ratio: a:c = 1 : 1.18

Unit Cell V 1,530.09 (Calculated from Unit Cell)


Volume:
Z: 18

Morphology: Crystals are prismatic, to 5 mm, with prominent {1120}; as small stalactites and in granular aggregates.

X-Ray Powder d-spacing Intensity


Diffraction Data: 5.7 (100)
3.98 (90)
3.83 (10)
3.54 (90)
3.32 (30)
2.86 (80)
2.17 (10)
(

Occurrences of Acetamide
Type Occurrence of Acetamide
Type Locality: Coal Mine, Chervonograd, L'viv-Volynskii Coal Basin (L'vov-Volynskii Coal Basin), L'viv Oblast' (Lviv Oblast'; Lwiw Oblast'), Ukraine

https://www.mindat.org/min-13.html 3/6
7/11/2017 Acetamide: Acetamide mineral information and data.

Place of Mining Museum, St. Petersburg Mining Institute, St. Petersberg, Russia;
Conservation of A.E.Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
Type Material:
Geological In waste piles of a coal shaft. A seasonal mineral, appearing only in periods of dry weather.
Setting of Type
Material:

Relationship of Acetamide to other Species


Related Minerals 10.AA.05 Formicaite Ca(HCOO) 2
- Nickel-Strunz
Grouping): 10.AA.10 Dashkovaite Mg(HCOO) 2 2H 2 O

10.AA.25 Calclacite Ca(CH 3 COO)Cl 5H 2 O

10.AA.30 Paceite CaCu(CH 3 COO) 4 6H 2 O

10.AA.35 Hoganite Cu(CH 3 COO) 2 H 2 O

Related Minerals 32.1 Evenkite C 21 H 44


- Hey's Index
Grouping: 32.2 Fichtelite C 19 H 34

32.3 Simonellite C 19 H 24

32.4 Kratochvlite C 13 H 10

32.5 Idrialite C 22 H 14

32.6 Carpathite C 24 H 12

32.7 Refikite C 20 H 32 O 2

32.8 Flagstaffite C 10 H 22 O 3

32.9 Hoelite C 14 H 8 O 2

32.10 Kladnoite C 6 H 4 (CO) 2 NH

32.12 Guanine C5H5N5O

32.13 Urea CO(NH 2 ) 2

32.14 Uricite C5H4N4O3

32.15 Abelsonite Ni(C 31 H 32 N 4 )

Other Names for Acetamide


Synonyms: IMA1974-039

Name in Other German: Acetamid


Languages:
Russian:

Other Information
Other Melting point: 81C
Information: Boiling point: 221C (at 1.013 bar)
Acetamide is readily soluble in water (solubility: 2 g/ml at ambient temperature). Taste very bitter; volatilises on exposure to air and sunlight.
Decomposes to ammonium acetate in contact with acids or alkali.

Health Risks: Acetamide is classified as a potentially carcinogenic substance. It also is a mild irritant.

Industrial Uses: In the past, acetamide was used as a plasticiser and as a stabiliser. Molten acetamide was frequently used as a solvent in chemical synthesis. It also
acts as a solubiliser; its mere addition renders many sparingly soluble compounds more soluble in water.

References for Acetamide

https://www.mindat.org/min-13.html 4/6
7/11/2017 Acetamide: Acetamide mineral information and data.

Reference List: Srebrodol'skii, B.I. (1975) Acetamide - a new mineral. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 104(3): 326-328.

Fleischer, M., Chao, G.Y., Mandarino, J.A. (1976) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 61: 338-341.

Windholz, M., Budavari, S., Blumetti, R.F., Otterbein, E.S., editors (1983) The Merck Index, 10th ed., Merck & Co., Inc., Rahway (NJ, USA).

Srebrodol'skii, B.I. (1986) Phases of mineral formation on spoil heaps of coal mines. Doklady Acad. Nauk SSSR: 290: 1730174.

Denne, W.A., Small, R.W.H. (1971) A refinement of the structure of rhombohedral acetamide. Acta Crystallographica: B27: 1094-1098.

Wong, M.W., Wiberg, K.B. (1992) Structure of acetamide: Planar or nonplanar? Journal of Physical Chemistry: 96: 668-671.

Internet Links for Acetamide


mindat.org URL: https://www.mindat.org/min-13.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Search Engines: Look for Acetamide on Google


Look for Acetamide images on Google

External Links: Look for Acetamide on Webmineral


Look for Acetamide on Wikipedia
Look for Acetamide on Mineralien Atlas
Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
Handbook of Mineralogy page PDF

Mineral Dealers: The Arkenstone - Fine Minerals


Buy minerals from Anton Watzl minerals
Fine Minerals from Weinrich Minerals, Inc.
Buy RARE Minerals from Rocks of Africa
Buy rare minerals from Excalibur Minerals
Wilensky Fine Minerals
Find Acetamide on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
Buy from David K Joyce minerals
Search for - Acetamide - on e-Rocks Mineral Sales & Auctions
Buy from McDougall Minerals
Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
Acetamide specimens for sale - minfind.com
Quality Minerals at Fair Prices

Localities for Acetamide


This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in
the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed
without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.

Poland
Upper Silesia (lskie)
Upper Silesian Coal Basin
Rybnik Coal Area
Radlin ukasz Kruszewski (2012) Unique chloride assemblage of exhalative origin from burning coal-mining dump in
Marcel mine ? Radlin (Rybnik Coal Area, S Poland). Mineralogical Society of Poland Special Papers 40

Ukraine (TL)
L'viv Oblast' (Lviv Oblast'; Lwiw Oblast')
L'viv-Volynskii Coal Basin (L'vov-Volynskii Coal Basin)
Chervonograd [ZVMO 104 (1975), 326; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First
Coal Mine (TL) discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow

USA
Pennsylvania
Northumberland Co.
Shamokin Handbook of Mineralogy

Mineral and/or Locality Search

https://www.mindat.org/min-13.html 5/6
7/11/2017 Acetamide: Acetamide mineral information and data.

Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.

Copyright mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2017, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.

Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: July 11, 2017 06:06:52 Page generated: July 7, 2017 23:34:38

Go to top of page

https://www.mindat.org/min-13.html 6/6