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7/11/2017 Acetamide: Acetamide mineral information and data.

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Shamokin, Northumberland Co., Pennsylvania,

Shamokin, Northumberland Co., Pennsylvania,
USA 1/6
7/11/2017 Acetamide: Acetamide mineral information and data.

Shamokin, Northumberland Co., Pennsylvania, USA

Formula: CH 3 CONH 2

System: Trigonal Colour: Colourless, grey

Lustre: Vitreous, Greasy Hardness: 1 - 1

Name: Named for the chemical compound it represents: Acetic acid amide. Acetamide is the common
short name (trivial name) of this compound.

Naturally occurring acetamide (acetic acid amide).

Classification of Acetamide
IMA status: Approved

Approval Year: 1974

Strunz 8th ed.: 9/D.01-20

Strunz 9th ed.: 10.AA.20

Nickel-Strunz 10.AA.20
10th (pending)
A : Salts of organic acids
A : Formates, Acetates, etc.

Dana 8th ed.:

4 : Miscellaneous

Hey's CIM Ref.: 32.11

32 :

Physical Properties of Acetamide

Lustre: Vitreous, Greasy

Colour: Colourless, grey 2/6
7/11/2017 Acetamide: Acetamide mineral information and data.

Comment: grey if included with carbonaceous material

Streak: white

Hardness 1 - 1
Fracture: Conchoidal

Optical Data of Acetamide

Type: Uniaxial (-)

RI values: n = 1.495 n = 1.460

Max = 0.035
Birefringence: Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30m thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.

Surface Relief: Moderate

Chemical Properties of Acetamide

Formula: CH 3 CONH 2

Elements listed C, H, N, O - search for minerals with similar chemistry

in formula:

Crystallography of Acetamide
Crystal System: Trigonal

Class (H-M): 3m - Ditrigonal Pyramidal

Space Group: R3c
Cell Parameters: a = 11.44 , c = 13.5

Ratio: a:c = 1 : 1.18

Unit Cell V 1,530.09 (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Z: 18

Morphology: Crystals are prismatic, to 5 mm, with prominent {1120}; as small stalactites and in granular aggregates.

X-Ray Powder d-spacing Intensity

Diffraction Data: 5.7 (100)
3.98 (90)
3.83 (10)
3.54 (90)
3.32 (30)
2.86 (80)
2.17 (10)

Occurrences of Acetamide
Type Occurrence of Acetamide
Type Locality: Coal Mine, Chervonograd, L'viv-Volynskii Coal Basin (L'vov-Volynskii Coal Basin), L'viv Oblast' (Lviv Oblast'; Lwiw Oblast'), Ukraine 3/6
7/11/2017 Acetamide: Acetamide mineral information and data.

Place of Mining Museum, St. Petersburg Mining Institute, St. Petersberg, Russia;
Conservation of A.E.Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
Type Material:
Geological In waste piles of a coal shaft. A seasonal mineral, appearing only in periods of dry weather.
Setting of Type

Relationship of Acetamide to other Species

Related Minerals 10.AA.05 Formicaite Ca(HCOO) 2
- Nickel-Strunz
Grouping): 10.AA.10 Dashkovaite Mg(HCOO) 2 2H 2 O

10.AA.25 Calclacite Ca(CH 3 COO)Cl 5H 2 O

10.AA.30 Paceite CaCu(CH 3 COO) 4 6H 2 O

10.AA.35 Hoganite Cu(CH 3 COO) 2 H 2 O

Related Minerals 32.1 Evenkite C 21 H 44

- Hey's Index
Grouping: 32.2 Fichtelite C 19 H 34

32.3 Simonellite C 19 H 24

32.4 Kratochvlite C 13 H 10

32.5 Idrialite C 22 H 14

32.6 Carpathite C 24 H 12

32.7 Refikite C 20 H 32 O 2

32.8 Flagstaffite C 10 H 22 O 3

32.9 Hoelite C 14 H 8 O 2

32.10 Kladnoite C 6 H 4 (CO) 2 NH

32.12 Guanine C5H5N5O

32.13 Urea CO(NH 2 ) 2

32.14 Uricite C5H4N4O3

32.15 Abelsonite Ni(C 31 H 32 N 4 )

Other Names for Acetamide

Synonyms: IMA1974-039

Name in Other German: Acetamid


Other Information
Other Melting point: 81C
Information: Boiling point: 221C (at 1.013 bar)
Acetamide is readily soluble in water (solubility: 2 g/ml at ambient temperature). Taste very bitter; volatilises on exposure to air and sunlight.
Decomposes to ammonium acetate in contact with acids or alkali.

Health Risks: Acetamide is classified as a potentially carcinogenic substance. It also is a mild irritant.

Industrial Uses: In the past, acetamide was used as a plasticiser and as a stabiliser. Molten acetamide was frequently used as a solvent in chemical synthesis. It also
acts as a solubiliser; its mere addition renders many sparingly soluble compounds more soluble in water.

References for Acetamide 4/6
7/11/2017 Acetamide: Acetamide mineral information and data.

Reference List: Srebrodol'skii, B.I. (1975) Acetamide - a new mineral. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 104(3): 326-328.

Fleischer, M., Chao, G.Y., Mandarino, J.A. (1976) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 61: 338-341.

Windholz, M., Budavari, S., Blumetti, R.F., Otterbein, E.S., editors (1983) The Merck Index, 10th ed., Merck & Co., Inc., Rahway (NJ, USA).

Srebrodol'skii, B.I. (1986) Phases of mineral formation on spoil heaps of coal mines. Doklady Acad. Nauk SSSR: 290: 1730174.

Denne, W.A., Small, R.W.H. (1971) A refinement of the structure of rhombohedral acetamide. Acta Crystallographica: B27: 1094-1098.

Wong, M.W., Wiberg, K.B. (1992) Structure of acetamide: Planar or nonplanar? Journal of Physical Chemistry: 96: 668-671.

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Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
Handbook of Mineralogy page PDF

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Localities for Acetamide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in
the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed
without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.

Upper Silesia (lskie)
Upper Silesian Coal Basin
Rybnik Coal Area
Radlin ukasz Kruszewski (2012) Unique chloride assemblage of exhalative origin from burning coal-mining dump in
Marcel mine ? Radlin (Rybnik Coal Area, S Poland). Mineralogical Society of Poland Special Papers 40

Ukraine (TL)
L'viv Oblast' (Lviv Oblast'; Lwiw Oblast')
L'viv-Volynskii Coal Basin (L'vov-Volynskii Coal Basin)
Chervonograd [ZVMO 104 (1975), 326; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First
Coal Mine (TL) discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow

Northumberland Co.
Shamokin Handbook of Mineralogy

Mineral and/or Locality Search 5/6
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