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Pile Cap Design

Given: Find : Spacing S


Depth of foundation H 2m

Assume Thickness of Pile Cap h 1000 mm

Stump Column Size bc 400mm hc 700mm

Diameters of main bar db 25 mm

Diameter of shrinkage rebar dsh 20 mm

Material f'c 25MPa fy 390MPa

kN kN
c 25 soil 18
3 3
m m

Side of Pile D 300mm L 8 m

Piles Head Clear hpile 100 mm

Clear Cover for Pile Cap CL 50 mm

Loads on pile cap

PDL 1450 kN PLL 1000 kN PLr 200 kN PW 75 kN

MDx 5 kN m MLx 12 kN m MLrx 3 kN m MWx 20 kN m

MDy 9 kN m MLy 8 kN m MLry 4 kN m MWy 15 kN m

Load Combination

Psls 1PDL 1PLL 1 PLr Psls 2650 kN

Pu1 1.4 PDL Pu1 2030 kN (ACI.9.2)

Pu2 1.2PDL 1.6PLL 0.5 PLr Pu2 3440 kN


Pu3 1.2PDL 1 PLL 1.6 PLr Pu3 3060 kN

Pu4 1.2PDL 1.6 PLr 0.5 PW Pu4 2097.5 kN

Pu5 1.2PDL 1 PLL 0.5 PLr 1 PW Pu5 2915 kN

Pu6 0.9PDL 1 PW Pu6 1380 kN

2030

3440
3060

Pu Pu1 Pu2 Pu3 Pu4 Pu5 Pu6 T Pu kN
2097.5
2915

Total Factor Load on Pile Cap 1380


Pu.max max Pu Pu.max 3440 kN

0

1
0
i Pu Pu.max i
0
0

0
Muxs 1MDx 1MLx 1 MLrx Muxs 20 kN m

Mux1 1.4 MDx Mux1 7 kN m (ACI.9.2)

Mux2 1.2MDx 1.6MLx 0.5 MLrx Mux2 26.7 kN m

Mux3 1.2MDx 1 MLx 1.6 MLrx Mux3 22.8 kN m

Mux4 1.2MDx 1.6 MLrx 0.5 MWx Mux4 20.8 kN m

Mux5 1.2MDx 1 MLx 0.5 MLrx 1 MWx Mux5 39.5 kN m

Mux6 0.9MDx 1 MWx Mux6 24.5 kN m


Total Factor Bending Moment about axis X 7

26.7
22.8
Mux Mux1 Mux2 Mux3 Mux4 Mux5 Mux6 Mux
T
kN m
20.8
39.5
Mux.max i Mux 26.7 kN m
24.5

Muys 1MDy 1MLy 1 MLry Muys 21 kN m

Muy1 1.4 MDy Muy1 12.6 kN m (ACI.9.2)

Muy2 1.2MDy 1.6MLy 0.5 MLry Muy2 25.6 kN m

Muy3 1.2MDy 1 MLy 1.6 MLry Muy3 25.2 kN m

Muy4 1.2MDy 1.6 MLry 0.5 MWy Muy4 24.7 kN m

Muy5 1.2MDy 1 MLy 0.5 MLry 1 MWy Muy5 35.8 kN m

Muy6 0.9MDy 1 MWy Muy6 23.1 kN m

12.6
Total Factor Bending Moment about axis Y
25.6
25.2
Muy Muy1 Muy2 Muy3 Muy4 Muy5 Muy6 Muy
T
kN m
24.7
35.8
Muy.max i Muy 25.6 kN m
23.1
Solution Reference

Modification factor for type of concrete

= 1 (ACI 8.6.1)

(ACI.11.11.2.1)
s = s 40

Allowable bearing capacity of pile


Qa 340kN

Require and Location of Pile

Effective bearing capacity of pile

Qe Qa

Qe 340 kN

Number of piles require

Psls
n 7.794
Qe

Required number of piles

N ceil ( n) 1 9
Location of Pile
Chhun Deulish

0.9 0.9
0 0.9

0.9 0.9
0.9 0

X 0 m Y 0 m
0.9 0

0.9 0.9
0 0.9

0.9 0.9

Dimension of pile cap

B ( max( Y) 1.5D) 2 2.7 m

L ( max( X) 1.5D) 2 2.7 m

L 2.7
m A B L
B 2.7

B L
B L
1 1
Y0 B X0 L
2
B
2
L

B L
2

2 1 0 1 2

Location of Pile

Checking for pile reaction

Load on Pile Cap


Psurcharge A h c A bc hc ( H h) soil bc hc ( H h) c

Pu.max Pu.max 1.2 Psurcharge

Mux.max 26.7 kN m

Muy.max 25.6 kN m

Pslss Psls Psurcharge

n rows ( X)

n9 i 1 n
321.9
Pslss Muys Xi Muxs Yi 325.789
Rs if N 3
i n n n 329.677

k k
2 2
X Y 325.603

k1 k1
Rs 329.492 kN
Psls Muys Xi 333.381
if N = 2
n n

Xk 2 329.307
333.196
k1
337.085

Pu.max Muy.max Xi Mux.max Yi 414.594


Ri if N 3 419.335
n n n



X k 2 Yk 2

424.076
419.539
k1 k1
Pu.max Muy.max Xi R 424.28 kN
if N = 2 429.02
n n

Xk 2 424.483
k1 429.224

433.965
Maximum Load on Piles

Rsmax max Rs Rsmax 337.085 kN

Design bearing capacity of pile

Qa 340 kN > Rsmax 337.085 kN

Dept of Pile Cap

h 1000 mm

Effective dept of Pile Cap

db
d h hpile CL 837.5 mm
2
Check Punching Shear from face of Column distance
d
418.75 mm
2 AM 2015
Sat Mar 21 11:33:52

2 1 0 1 2

2
Critical Section for Punching Shear


h c d b c d
Inside X Y Outside (Inside)
2 2

0 1
0 1

0 1
0 1

Inside 1 Outside 0
0 1

0 1
0 1

0 1

ninside
Inside noutside
Outside ninside 1 noutside 8
Punching shear

Vu
R RInside 1.2 Psurcharge
Vu 3015.72 kN

Punching shear strength


Perimeter of Critical Section


b0 bc d hc d 2

b0 5550 mm

Strength reduction factor Shear


0.75 (ACI.9.3.2.3)

Ratio of Long side to short side of the column


hc
1.75
bc

Punching shear strength is the minimum of : (ACI.11.11.2)

1 2 f'c
Vc1 1 MPa
b d 6225.167 kN
6 MPa 0

1 s d f'c
Vc2 2 MPa b0 d 11672.656 kN
12 b0 MPa

1 f'c
Vc3 MPa b d 5810.156 kN
3 MPa 0


Vc min Vc1 Vc2 Vc3
Vc 5810.156 kN > Vu 3015.72 kN

Check of two way shear "OK" if Vc Vu

"NG" otherwise

Check of two way shear "OK"


Fri Aug 28 2:26:04 PM 2015

2 1 0 1 2

2
Critical Section for One-way Shear 0
0

0
0
hc
nx X d nx 0
2
0

0
0

0
0
0

0
0
bc
ny Y d ny 0
2 0

0
0

0
Design of One-way Shear in axis X

One-way Shear in axis X



Vux

R nx 0 kN

One-way Shear Strength

1 f'c
Vcx MPa B d (ACI.11.2.1.1)
6 MPa

Vcx 1413.281 kN > Vux 0 kN

One-way Shear Strength in axis X "Enough" if Vcx Vux

"Inlarge the Section" otherwise

One-way Shear Strength in axis X "Enough"

Calculate the bending moment and steel reinforcement in along axis X

Design Reinforcement in along axis L 2.7 m

1
Bending Moment about axis Y 0

hc 0
Left X 1
2
Left 0 0
0 0

1 1
0 0
hc
Right X 0 Right 0
2 1

0
0

1

hc
Mleft
R Left X 692.239 kN m
2


h c
Mright
R Right X 707.883 kN m
2


My max Mleft Mright 707.883 kN m

Design Reinforcement and Spacing Provide

Width of Pile Cap


b B 2.7 m

Rebar dimeter db 25 mm
2
db
Areas As1
4

Effective depth of Pile Cap

db
d h hpile CL 837.5 mm
2

Equivalent depth factor

1 0.85 if f'c 28 MPa (ACI.10.2.7.3)

f'c 28 MPa
0.85 0.05 if 28 MPa f'c 55 MPa
7 MPa
0.65 otherwise

1 0.85

Minimum tesion reinforcement ratio

f'c
0.25MPa
MPa 1.4MPa
min1 max
fy
(ACI.10.5.1)
fy

Maximum tension reinforcement ratio

u 0.003 (ACI.10.2.3)

f'c u
max 0.85 1 0.0174 (ACI.10.3.5)
fy u 0.005

Total tension reinforcement ratio

My
Ry 0.415 MPa
2
0.9 b d

f'c Ry
0.85 1 1 2 0.00108
fy 0.85 f'c

min2 1.333 (ACI.10.5.3)


min min min1 min2
Reinforcement areas require

As min b d if min

b d otherwise

2
As 3241.96 mm

As
Number of Rebars n 6.604
As1

b 2 50 mm
Spacing Require s s 393.673 mm
n

Spacing Provide sy Floor ( s 10mm) sy 390 mm


Shrinkage and Temperature Reinforcement at top

2
As.t 0.0018 b h 4860 mm

2
dsh 2
As0 3.142 cm
4

As.t
nt ceil
As0

b 2 50 mm
st_y Floor 10mm st_y 160 mm
nt

Design of One-way Shear in axis Y

One-way Shear in axis Y

db
d h hpile CL db 812.5 mm
2


Vuy

R ny 0 kN

One-way Shear Strength

1 f'c
Vcy MPa L d (ACI.11.2.1.1)
6 MPa

Vcy 1371.094 kN > Vuy 0 kN

One-way Shear Strength in axis Y "Enough" if Vcy Vuy

"Inlarge the Section" otherwise

One-way Shear Strength in axis Y "Enough"


Calculate the bending moment and steel reinforcement in along axis Y

Design Reinforcement in along axis B 2.7 m

Bending Moment about axis X 0


0

bc 0
Bottom Y 0
2
Bottom 0 1
0 1

1 1
1 0
bc
Top Y
1 Top 0
2
0

0
bc 0
Mbottom
R Bottom Y 901.37 kN m
2

0

bc
Mtop
R Top Y 880.604 kN m
2


Mx max Mbottom Mtop 901.37 kN m

Design Reinforcement and Spacing Provide

Width of Pile Cap


b L 2.7 m

Rebar dimeter db 25 mm
2
db
Areas As1
4
Effective depth of Pile Cap

db
d h hpile CL db 812.5 mm
2

Equivalent depth factor

1 0.85 if f'c 28 MPa (ACI.10.2.7.3)

f'c 28 MPa
0.85 0.05 if 28 MPa f'c 55 MPa
7 MPa
0.65 otherwise

1 0.85

Minimum tesion reinforcement ratio

f'c
0.25MPa
MPa 1.4MPa
min1 max
fy
(ACI.10.5.1)
fy

Maximum tension reinforcement ratio

u 0.003 (ACI.10.2.3)

f'c u
max 0.85 1 0.0174 (ACI.10.3.5)
fy u 0.005

Total tension reinforcement ratio


Mx
Rx 0.562 MPa
2
0.9 b d

f'c Rx
0.85 1 1 2 0.00146
fy 0.85 f'c

min2 1.333 (ACI.10.5.3)


min min min1 min2
Reinforcement areas require

As min b d if min

b d otherwise

2
As 4270.336 mm

As
Number of Rebars n 8.699
As1

b 2 50 mm
Spacing Require s s 298.869 mm
n

Spacing Provide sx Floor ( s 10mm) sx 290 mm

Shrinkage and Temperature Reinforcement at top

2
As.t 0.0018 b h 4860 mm

2
dsh 2
As0 3.142 cm
4

As.t
nt ceil
As0

b 2 50 mm
st_y Floor 10mm st_y 160 mm
nt