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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BUSINESS, SOCIAL AND SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

ISSN: 2309-7892, Page: 65-74, Volume 01, Issue 02, January-March 2014
Review Paper

FLORA OF SHER-E-BANGLA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY

M.S. Islam, H. Mehraj, M.Z.K. Roni, T. Taufique, and A.F.M. Jamal Uddin*1

M.S. Islam, H. Mehraj, M.Z.K. Roni, T. Taufique, and A.F.M. Jamal Uddin (2014). Flora of Sher-E-Bangla Agricultural
University. Int. J. Bus., Soc. and Sci. Res. 01(02):65-74. Retrieve from http://www.ijbssr.com/currentissueview/13090112

Received Date: 31/12/2013 Acceptance Date: 12/01/2014 Published Date: 13/01/2014

Abstract
A taxonomic survey was performed to assess diversity of plant resources at Sher-e-
Bangla Agricultural University (SAU) campus, Dhaka, Bangladesh during August 2011
to October 2012. A total of 8536 (including seasonal) species were recorded in SAU.
Plants were represented by trees (11.0 %), shrubs (21.6 %), herbs (61.6 %), climbers (4.0
%) and woody grasses (1.8%). The total number of plants belongs to 257 species under
215 genera and 135 families among these 126, 46, 17, 15, 29, 10 and 14 plant species
were existed under 112, 34, 12, 12, 27, 7 and 11 genera also under 57, 25, 8, 9, 25, 7 and
4 family in terms of ornamental, fruit, vegetables, spices, medicinal, timber and
plantation crop respectively.
Key words: Plant resources, germplasm, SAU.
Introduction
Flora is naturally occurring or indigenous native plant life in a particular region or time which
traditionally has two components: richness of species and evenness of distribution of numbers
among species. A positive impact of species diversity on plant productivity has been explained by
the complementarily of resource use among plant species or their functional groups (Diaz and
Cabido, 2001; Dukes, 2001; Loreau and Hector, 2001; Tilman et al., 1996). It has been argued
that increase in plant diversity will increase the probability of including highly productive species
into the plant community (Huston 1997, Leps et al., 2001). Bangladesh is well known to have
wide variety of plant species that are scattered in natural forests, villages, gardens, and jungles.
Unfortunately, these valuable plant genetic resources have not been well studied and so far, only a
few species have ever been evaluated for their medicinal, horticultural, and agricultural potentials.
Changes in flora affect several ecosystem processes, such as primary productivity, nutrient
retention, and vegetation dynamics (Naeem et al., 1996; Tilman et al., 1996; Hector et al., 1999;
Schlapfer and Schmid, 1999; Tilman, 1999; Chapin et al., 2000 and Loreau et al., 2001).
Bangladesh is one of the most populous countries of the world having 142 million (BBS, 2011)
people and the current population growth rate is 1.6%. Under this situation, plant resources are
very important for serving food, wood and others. But it is unfortunate that there is a loss of plant
resources worldwide including Bangladesh (IUCN, 1990) and it has been a common concern of
mankind which is a threat in agriculture, environment and forest. Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural
University maintain a wide range of flora. Therefore, a study was conducted to prepare a list of
plant species under different taxa and to evaluate the plant genetic resources present at Sher-e-
Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Materials and Method
Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University (SAU) covers 86 acre land located at Dhaka, Bangladesh.
An empirical survey was conducted to assure the plant resources of plant species at SAU under
this study (Appendix 1). Data were collected during August 2011 to October 2012. The work
consisted of basic methodological approaches and survey. The flora of the study area was listed
and every species was identified and recorded separately. Different taxonomic books were
consulted (Randhawa and Mukhopadhyay, 1986; Mukherjee and Gangulee, 1964; Kurz, 1974a;
Kurz, 1974b; Rashid, 1990; Khan et al., 1988; Haque, 1993; Gruezo, 1995) for compilation of
scientific names and relevant information.

*Corresponding Author: jamal4@yahoo.com


Department of Horticulture, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Islam et al. 66

Results and Discussion


The botanical information of different plants, such as common name, scientific name, family,
genus, species and habits of all plant resources of SAU have been taken into account. The major
plant categories were ornamental, vegetables, fruit, spices, medicinal, timber and plantation crops.
The observation on these plant groups have been presented below.
Plant population under different categories and habits: The different categories of plant species
viz., ornamental, fruit, vegetables, species, medicinal, timber and plantation crops comprised,
respectively, of 54.4, 9.5, 12.7, 14.3, 4.0, 1.2, and 4.1% of total plant population. Occurrences of
plants under tree, shrub, herb, climber, and woody grass habits were 11.0, 21.6, 61.6, 4.0, and
1.8% of total population respectively (Table 1). From the observation, it was revealed that the
population of ornamentals plants was the highest followed by species and vegetables, where the
lowest population occurred under the category of timber plants. On the other hand, when plant
habits are considered, the highest percentage of the total plant population was observed with the
herbs followed by shrubs and lowest with woody grasses.
Table 1. Plant population of SAU, Dhaka, with their categories, habit and total number of family,
genus, spices and their percentage under each category of plant
Habits Family Genus Spices
Category Woody Total %
Tree Shrub Herb Climber Total (%) Total % Total %
Grass
Ornamental 185 1485 2742 233 0 4645.0 54.4 57 42.2 112 52.1 126 49.0
Fruit 362 113 317 18 0 810.0 9.5 25 18.5 34 15.8 46 17.9
Vegetables 13 138 846 83 0 1080.0 12.7 8 5.9 12 5.6 17 6.6
Spices 11 1 1201 3 0 1216.0 14.3 9 6.7 12 5.6 15 5.8
Medicinal 70 110 151 8 0 339.0 4.0 25 18.5 27 12.6 29 11.3
Timber 99 0 0 0 0 99.0 1.2 7 5.2 7 3.3 10 3.9
Plantation 195 0 0 0 152 347.0 4.1. 4 2.9 11 5.1 14 5.5
crop
Total 935 1847 5257 345 152 GT=
100.0 135 100 215 100 257 100
% 11.0 21.6 61.6 4.0 1.8 8536.0
Number of family, genus and species with percentage: Total 57, 25, 8, 9, 25, 7 and 4 families
have been recorded under ornamental, fruit, vegetables, spices, medicinal, timber and plantation
crops category grown in SAU, thus comprised 42.2, 18.5, 5.9, 6.7, 18.5, 5.2, and 2.9%
respectively (Table 1). Total of 112, 34, 12, 12, 27, 7, 11 genus and 126, 46, 17, 15, 29, 10, 14
species have been recorded under ornamental, fruit, vegetable, spice, medicinal, timber, bamboo
and plantation crops categories grown at SAU thus comprised 52.1, 15.8, 5.6, 5.6, 12.6, 3.3, and
5.1% in case of genus and 49.0, 17.9, 6.6, 5.8, 11.3, 3.9, 5.5% in terms of species respectively.
Ornamental plant occupied the highest percentage of family, genus and species. Lowest
percentage of family presented in plantation crops whereas genera and species in medicinal
plants.
Number of plants and percentage of total plants under each family for ornamentals: Maximum
831 plants were observed under Compositae family followed by Euphorbiaceae (583 plants),
Amaryllidaceae (433 plants) which comprised 17.9, 12.6 and 9.3% of total plants of ornamentals
respectively while minimum (single plant) from Polygonaceae, Paeoniaceae, Celastraceae family
comprised 0.02% of total plants of ornamentals (Table 2).
Number of plants and percentage of total plants under each family for fruits: Maximum 250
plants were observed under Rosaceae family followed by Anacardiaceae (108 plants), which
comprised 30.9 and 13.3% of total plants of fruits respectively whereas minimum (single plant)
from Malvaceae, Apocynaceae, Lauraceae and Actinidiaceae family comprised 0.12% of total
plants of fruits (Table 3).

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Flora of SAU 67

Table 2. Total number of ornamental plants and their percentage under each family
No of No of No of
Family % Family % Family %
Plants Plants Plants
Amaranthaceae 111 2.4 Cycadaceae 21 0.5 Nyctaginaceae 38 0.8
Amaryllidaceae 433 9.3 Ericaceae 21 0.5 Nymphaeaceae 16 0.3
Annonaceae 73 1.6 Euphorbiaceae 583 12.6 Oleaceae 34 0.7
Apocynaceae 131 2.8 Fabaceae 15 0.3 Onagraceae 23 0.5
Araceae 140 3.0 Gentianaceae 5 0.1 Orchidaceae 88 1.9
Araucariaceae 14 0.3 Gramineae 47 1.0 Paeoniaceae 1 0.02
Asteraceae 180 3.9 Heliconiaceae 70 1.5 Passifloraceae 8 0.2
Balsaminaceae 89 1.9 Iridaceae 110 2.4 Pinaceae 47 1.0
Bignoniaceae 12 0.3 Labiatae 103 2.2 Polemoniaceae 3 0.1
Cactaceae 26 0.6 Liliaceae 58 1.3 Polygonaceae 1 0.02
Caesalpiniaceae 38 0.8 Lycithidaceae 6 0.1 Polypodiaceae 33 0.7
Caprifoliaceae 2 0.04 Lythraceae 91 2.0 Rosaceae 220 4.7
Caryophyllaceae 35 0.8 Magnoliaceae 11 0.2 Rubiaceae 251 5.4
Casuarinaceae 28 0.6 Malpighiaceae 2 0.04 Rutaceae 4 0.1
Celastraceae 1 0.02 Malvaceae 52 1.1 Sapotaceae 9 0.2
Commelinaceae 140 3.0 Mimosaceae 16 0.3 Scrophulariaceae 19 0.4
Compositae 831 17.9 Moraceae 90 1.9 Solanaceae 56 1.2
Convolvulaceae 30 0.7 Musaceae 5 0.1 Verbenaceae 150 3.2
Cyatheaceae 2 0.04 Myrtaceae 4 0.1 Violaceae 18 0.4
Total 4645 100
Number of plants and percentage of total plants under each family for timber: Maximum 33
plants were observed under Maliaceae family followed by Mimosaceae (27 plants) which
comprised 33.3 and 27.3% of total timber plants respectively whereas minimum from Fabaceae (3
plants) family comprised 3.0% of total timber plants (Table 4).
Number of plants and percentage of total plants under each family for medicinals: Maximum
57 plants were observed under Asclepiadaceae family followed by Labiatae (53 plants) which
comprised 16.8 and 15.6% of total medicinal plants respectively and minimum (single plant) from
Vitaceae, Menispermaceae, Zingiberaceae family comprised 0.3% of total medicinal plants (Table
5).
Table 3. Total number of fruit plants and percentage of total plants under each family
No of
Family No of plants % Family %
plants
Actinidiaceae 1.0 0.1 Malvaceae 1.0 0.1
Anacardiaceae 108.0 13.3 Moraceae 37.0 4.6
Annonaceae 27.0 3.3 Musaceae 51.0 6.3
Apocynaceae 1.0 0.1 Myrtaceae 44.0 5.4
Averrhoaceae 28.0 3.5 Passifloraceae 3.0 0.4
Bromeliaceae 14.0 1.7 Punicaceae 9.0 1.1
Caricaceae 41.0 5.1 Rhamnaceae 32.0 4.0
Dilleniaceae 3.0 0.4 Rosaceae 250.0 30.9
Ebenaceae 4.0 0.5 Rutaceae 101.0 12.5
Elaeocarpaceae 16.0 2.0 Sapindaceae 8.0 1.0
Euphorbiaceae 3.0 0.4 Sapotaceae 2.0 0.3
Fabaceae 10.0 1.2 Vitaceae 15.0 1.9
Lauraceae 1.0 0.1 Total 810.0 100

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Islam et al. 68

Table 4. Total number of timber plants and percentage of total plants under each family
Family No of plants %
Annonaceae 4.0 4.0
Boraginaceae 19.0 19.2
Fabaceae 3.0 3.0
Vitaceae 7.0 7.1
Mimosaceae 27.0 27.3
Maliaceae 33.0 33.3
Verbenaceae 6.0 6.1
Total 99 100
Number of plants and percentage of total plants under each family for spices: Maximum 531
plants were found under Zingiberaceae family followed by Solanaceae (377 plants) and
Amaryllidaceae (226 plants) which comprised 43.7, 31.0 and 18.6% of total spices plants
respectively and minimum (single plant) from to Rutaceae, Myrtaceae family comprised 0.08% of
total spices plants (Table 6).
Table 5. Total number of medicinal plants and it's percentage under each family
No of No of
Family % Family %
Plant Plant
Acanthaceae 3 0.9 Gentianaceae 7 2.1
Apocynaceae 16 4.7 Guttiferae 4 1.2
Asclepiadaceae 57 16.8 Labiatae 53 15.6
Asparagaceae 32 9.4 Lamiaceae 14 4.1
Bixaceae 28 8.3 Liliaceae 3 0.9
Caesalpinae 2 0.6 Mackinlayaceae 31 9.1
Combretaceae 5 1.5 Meliaceae 29 8.6
Convolvulaceae 2 0.6 Menispermaceae 1 0.3
Crassulaceae 17 5.0 Solanaceae 2 0.6
Cucurbitaceae 6 1.8 Sterculiaceae 2 0.6
Dioscoreaceae 2 0.6 Vitaceae 1 0.3
Fabaceae 21 6.2 Zingiberaceae 1 0.3
Total 339 100
Number of plants and percentage of total plants under each family for vegetables: Maximum
364 plants were observed under Brassicaceae family followed by Asparagaceae (320 plants)
which comprised 33.7 and 29.6% of total vegetables plants respectively while minimum from
Moringaceae (13 plants) comprised 1.2% of total vegetables plants (Table 7).
Number of plants and percentage of total plants under each family for plantation crop:
Observation showed that bamboo and rubber plant category both were occupied in a single family
naming Gramineae (152 plants) and Moraceae (2 plants) that comprised 43.8 and 0.6% of total
plantation crops. On the other hand palm category was occupied two family Arecaceae (81 plants)
and Palmae (112 plants) with 23.3 and 32.3% respectively (Table 8).
Table 6. Total number of spices and their Table 7. Total number of vegetables and
percentage under each family their percentage under each family
No of No. of
Family % Family %
plants plants
Aracae 8 0.7 Apiaceae 56 5.2
Amaryllidaceae 226 18.6 Asparagaceae 320 29.6
Apiaceae 59 4.9 Brassicaceae 364 33.7
Lauraceae 10 0.8 Cucurbitaceae 83 7.7
Myrtaceae 1 0.1 Fabaceae 24 2.2
Piperaceae 3 0.3 Malvaceae 72 6.7
Rutaceae 1 0.1 Moringaceae 13 1.2
Solanaceae 377 31.0 Solanaceae 148 13.7
Zingiberaceae 531 43.7
Total 1216 100 Total 1080 100

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Flora of SAU 69

Table 8. Total number of plantation crops and their percentage under each family
Family No of plants %
Arecaceae (palm) 81 23.3
Gramineae (Bamboo) 152 43.8
Moraceae (rubber) 2 0.6
Palmae (plam) 112 32.3
Total 347 100
Conclusion
The present study revealed a total of 8536 plants with 135 families, 215 genus and 257 species
present at SAU. Ornamentals consisted of 126 species under 112 genera and 57 families (one was
rare and endangered). A total of 15 species of spice plants contained 12 genera and 9 families.
Fruits consisted of 46 species under 34 genera and 25 families (2 were rare and endangered).
Vegetables were of 17 species under 12 genera and 8 families. Timber plants had 10 species
under 7 genera and 7 families. 29 medicinal species consisted 27 genera and 25 families (6 were
rare and endangered). Within the plantation crops, 5 bamboo species comprise d 2 genera under a
single family and 8 palm species comprised 8 genera and 2 families. Single rubber plant species
were listed under a single genera and family. Different plant categories had various habits with
diverse species, genera and families including a good number of rare and endangered species that
have been maintained at SAU.
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Apendix 1: Plant genetic resources of SAU with their respective common names, scientific
names, family and type
Common Name Scientific Name Family Type
Ornamental
Akashmoni (Golden Shower) Acacia auriculiformis Mimosaceae Tree
Alocasia Alocasia sp Araceae Herb
Alternanthera Alternanthera sp Amaranthaceae Herb
Amaranthus Amaranthus sp Amaranthaceae Herb
Angelonia Angelonia angustifolia Scrophulariaceae Shrub
Anonto Lota (Coral Vine) Antigonon leptopus Polygonaceae Climber
Anthurium Anthurium sp Araceae Herb
Aparajita (Butterfly Pea) Clitoria ternatea Fabaceae Climber
Aroceria (Crismass Tree) Araucaria sp Araucariaceae Tree
Aster Callistephus sp Compositae Herb
Beli/Arabian Jasmine Jasminum sambac Oleaceae Shrub
Belladonna Lily Amaryllis belladonna Amaryllidaceae Herb
Bleeding Heart Clerodendrum thomsonae Verbenaceae Climber
Bokul (Indian Medlar) Mimusops elengi Sapotaceae Tree
Bot (Bengal Fig) Ficus benghalensis Moraceae Shurb
Botamphul/Buttonhole Gomphrena globosa Onagraceae Herb
Flower
Bottle Brush Callistemon lanceolatus Myrtaceae Tree
Bougainvillea Bougainvillea sp Nyctaginaceae Climber
Brake fern Pteris vittata Polypodiaceae Herb
Brunfelsia Brunfelsia americana Solanaceae Climber
Cactus Cactus sp Cactaceae Herb
Campsis Campsis grandiflora Bignoniaceae Climber
Casablanca Lilium auratum Liliaceae Shrub
Cassia Cassia glauca Caesalpiniaceae Shrub
Champa Michelia champaca Magnoliaceae Tree
Chita (Zigzag Plant) Pedilanthus sp Euphorbiaceae Herb
Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum segetum Compositae Herb
Coleus Coleus sp Labiatae Herb
Cosmos Cosmos sp Compositae Herb
Croton Codiaeum craigii Euphorbiaceae Shurb
Cycus Cycus sp Cycadaceae Shurb
Dahlia Dahlia sp Compositae Herb
Debdaru Polyalthia longifolia Annonaceae Tree
Dianthus Dianthus sp Caryophyllaceae Herb
Dilbahar Hamelia patens Rubiaceae Shrub
Dolonchapa (Ginger Lily) Hedychium coronarium Amaryllidaceae Herb
Dopati (Balsam) Impatiens balsamina Balsaminaceae Herb
Dracaena Dracaena sp Liliaceae Herb
Dupurmoni (Noon Flower) Pentapetes phoenicia Scrophulariaceae Herb
Duranta Duranta sp Verbenaceae Shurb
Football Lily Haemanthus multiflorus Amaryllidaceae Herb
Gate Phul (Cypress Vine) Quamoclit pinnata Convolvulaceae Climber
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Flora of SAU 71

Common Name Scientific Name Family Type


Gazania (Treasure Flower) Gazania splendens Compositae Herb
Gerbera Gerbera sp Asteraceae Herb
Ghora Chokkor (Snake Plant) Sansevieria sp Liliaceae Herb
Ghrito khumari (Aloe) Aloe vera Amaryllidaceae Herb
Gladiolus Gladiolus sp Iridaceae Herb
Gondhoraj Gardenia jasminoides Rubiaceae Shrub
Grove Fern Alsophila glauca Cyatheaceae Herb
Hasnahena (Lady of the Cestrum nocturnum Solanaceae Shrub
Night)
Hedge Fern Polystichum setiferum Polypodiaceae Herb
Heliconia Heliconia sp Heliconiaceae Herb
Honey Suckle Lonicera sp Caprifoliaceae Climber
Jarul (Pride of India) Lagerstroemia speciosa Lythraceae Tree
Jatropha Jatropha Euphorbiaceae Shrub
Java Bot (Java Fig) Ficus benjamina exotica Moraceae Shurb
Jhau (Australian Oak) Casuarina equisetifolia Casuarinaceae Shurb
Jhumkolota (Passion Flower) Passiflora sp Passifloraceae Climber
Joba (China Rose) Hibiscus rosa sinensis Malvaceae Shrub
Jui (Common Jasmine) Jasminum auriculatum Oleaceae Climber
Kadom (Cadamba) Anthocephalus cadamba Rubiaceae Tree
Kamini (China box) Murraya sp Rutaceae Shrub
Kanchon Bauhinia sp Caesalpiniaceae Tree
Khude bash (Dwarf Bamboo) Bambusa nana Gramineae Herb
Kolke Phul (Yellow Thevetia nerifolia Apocynaceae Shrub
Oleander)
Korobi (Oleander) Nerium sp Apocynaceae Shrub
Krishnochura (Peacock Delonix regia Caesalpiniaceae Tree
Flower)
Lace Fern Nephrolepsis exaltata var. Polypodiaceae Herb
Whitmannii
Lantena Lantena sp Verbenaceae Herb
Lemon Grass Cymbopogon citratus Gramineae Herb
Lisianthus Eustoma sp Gentianaceae Herb
Madhabilota Hiptage madablota Malpighiaceae Climber
Maidenhair Fern Adiantum sp Polypodiaceae Herb
Malotilota (Aganosama) Aganosama caryophyllata Apocynaceae Climber
Mandar (Coral Tree) Erythrina sp Fabaceae Tree
Marigold Tagetes sp Compositae Herb
Money Plant Scindapsus sp Araceae Climber
Morogjhuti (Cocks Comb) Celosia sp Amaranthaceae Herb
Mussaenda Mussaenda sp Rubiaceae Shrub
Naglingam (Cannon Ball Couroupita guianensis Lycithidaceae Tree
Tree)
Nilmoni Lota (Purple Petrea volubilis Verbenaceae Climber
Wreath)
Noyontara (Periwinkle) Vinca rosea Apocynaceae Herb
Orchid Orchis sp Orchidaceae Herb
Pakur Ficus infectoria Moraceae Shurb
Panika (Cuphea) Cuphea hyssopifolia Lythraceae Shrub
Pansy Viola tricolor hortensis Violaceae Herb
Panthopadok (Travellers Ravenala madagascariensis Musaceae Herb
Tree)
Pentas Pentas sp Rubiaceae Shrub
Peony Paeonia sp Paeoniaceae Shrub
Petunia Petunia hybrida Solanaceae Herb
Phlox Phlox drummondii Polemoniaceae Herb
Phurush (Indian Lilac) Lagerstroemia indica Lythraceae Shrub
Polash (Parrot Tree) Butea monosperma Fabaceae Tree
Powder Puff Calliandra sp Fabaceae Shrub
Provat Gorobi (Morning Ipomoea purpurea Convolvulaceae Climber
Glory)
Purple Heart Setcreasea purpurea Commelinaceae Herb

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Islam et al. 72

Common Name Scientific Name Family Type


Rabbits Foot Fern Davallia fijiensis Polypodiaceae Herb
Radhachura (Dwart Gold Caesalpinia pulcherrima var. Flava Caesalpiniaceae Tree
Mohur)
Ravenia Ravenia urbanii Rutaceae Shrub
Rhododendron Rhododendron hookeri Ericaceae Shrub
Ribon Plant Dracaena sanderiana Liliaceae Herb
Rongon Ixora sp Rubiaceae Shrub
Rose Rosa sp Rosaceae Shurb
Russelia (Fountain Flower) Russelia equisetiformis Scrophulariaceae Shrub
Salvia Salvia splendens Labiatae Herb
Shaora (Streblus) Streblus asper Moraceae Shurb
Shapla (Water Lily) Nymphaea sp Nymphaeaceae Herb
Shefali (Night Jasmine) Nyctanthes arbor-tritis Oleaceae Shrub
Shibjota (Milk Bush) Euphorbia tirucalli Euphorbiaceae Herb
Silver Queen Euonymus fortunei f. radicans Celastraceae Shrub
Spider Lily Hymenocallis littoralis Amaryllidaceae Herb
Straw Flower Helichrysum bracteatum Compositae Herb
Sunflower Helianthus sp Compositae Herb
Sword fern Nephrolepsis exaltata Polypodiaceae Herb
Tecoma (Yellow Bell) Tecoma stans Bignoniaceae Shrub
Thuja Thuja sp Pinaceae Shurb
Tiger Lily Lilium tigrinum Liliaceae Herb
Togor (Cape Jasmine) Tabernaemontana coronaria Apocynaceae Shrub
Tuberose Polianthes tuberosa Amaryllidaceae Herb
Vernonia Vernonia elaeagnifolia Compositae Climber
Zebrina (Wandering Jew) Zebrina sp Commelinaceae Herb
Zephyr Lily Zephyranthes sp Amaryllidaceae Herb
Zinnia Zinnia sp Compositae Herb
Fruit trees
Alachi Lebu Feronia limon Rutaceae Shrub
Amloki (Aonla) Phyllanthus emblica Euphorbiaceae Tree
Amm (Mango) Mangifera indica Anacardiaceae Tree
Amra (Hog Plum) Spondias dulcis Anacardiaceae Tree
Angur (Grape) Vitis vinifera Vitaceae Climber
Ata (Bullock's Heart) Annona reticulata Annonaceae Tree
Avocado Presea americana Lauraceae Tree
Bel Aegle marmelos Rutaceae Tree
Bilimbi Averrhoa bilimbi Averrhoaceae Tree
Chalta (Indian Dillenia) Dillenia indica Dilleniaceae Tree
Chapalish Artocarapus chadlasha Moraceae Tree
Cocoa Tree Theobroma cacao Malvaceae Tree
Dalim (Pomegranate) Punica granatum Punicaceae Shurb
Deshi Gab (River Ebony) Diospyros peregrina Ebenaceae Tree
Dewaa (Monkey Jack) Artocarpus lakoocha Moraceae Tree
Jam (Jamun) Syzygium cumini Myrtaceae Tree
Jambura Citrus grandis Rutaceae Tree
Jamir Lebu Feronia jambheri Rutaceae Shrub
Jamrul (Wax jambu) Syzygium samarangence Myrtaceae Tree
Jolpai/ (Indian Olive) Elaeocarpus floribundus Elaeocarpaceae Tree
Kajubadam (Cashew Nut) Anacardium occidentale Anacardiaceae Tree
Kamrangga (Carambola) Averrhoa carambola Averrhoaceae Tree
Kanthal (Jackfruit) Artocarpus heterophyllus Moraceae Tree
Kazi lebu Citrus aurantifolia Rutaceae Shrub
Kiwifruit Actinidia deliciosa Actinidiaceae Herb
Kodbel (Wood Apple) Feronia limonia Rutaceae Tree
Kola (Banana) Musa sp Musaceae Herb
Komla (Mandarin) Citrus reticulata Rutaceae Shrub
Koromcha (Carunda) Carissa carandas Apocynaceae Shurb
Kul (Jujubee) Zizyphus sp Rhamnaceae Tree
Lime Citrus sp Rutaceae Shurb
Litchi Litchi chinensis Sapindaceae Tree
Longan Nephelium longana Sapindaceae Tree

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Flora of SAU 73

Common Name Scientific Name Family Type


Lotkon (Burmese Grape) Baccaurea sapida Euphorbiaceae Tree
Malta Citrus sinensis Rutaceae Shrub
Mulberry Morus sp Moraceae Herb
Passion Fruit Passiflora edulis Passifloraceae Climber
Payera (Guava) Psidium guajava Myrtaceae Tree
Pepe (Papaya) Carica papaya Caricaceae Shurb
Persimmon Diospyros kaki Ebenaceae Tree
Pineapple Ananas comosus Bromeliaceae Herb
Sharifa (Custard Apple) Annona squamosa Annonaceae Tree
Sofeda (Sapota) Manikara achras Sapotaceae Tree
Strawberry Fragaria ananassa Rosaceae Herb
Tetul (Tamarind) Tamarindus indica Fabaceae Tree
Tok Komla Citrus aurantium Rutaceae Shrub
Timber plants
Babla Acacia nilotaca Mimosaceae Tree
Kalo koroi Albizia lebbeck Mimosaceae Tree
Kat jiga Leea crispa Vitaceae Tree
Mahogany Swietenia mahagony Maliaceae Tree
Sal Shorea robusta Annonaceae Tree
Segum Tectona grandis Verbenaceae Tree
Sesra koroi Albizia chinensis Mimosaceae Tree
Shimul Bombax ceiba Boraginaceae Tree
Sil koroi Albizia procera Mimosaceae Tree
Sissoo Swietenia sissoo Fabaceae Tree
Medicinal plants
Akangi (Black thron) Kaempferia galanga Zingiberaceae Herb
Akond (Gigantic Calotropis gigantea Asclepiadaceae Shrub
swallowwort)
Arjun Terminalia arjuna Combretaceae Tree
Arohor (Pigeon pea) Cajanus cajan Fabaceae Herb
Arshogondha Withania somnifera Solanaceae Herb
Ban-alu, pagla-alu Dioscorea bulbifera Dioscoreaceae Climber
Bashok Adhatoda vasica Acanthaceae Herb
Bohera Terminalia belerica Combretaceae Tree
Bonholud Bixa orellana Bixaceae Tree
Chatim (Bigleaf) Alstonia macrophylla Apocynaceae Tree
Chirota (kiratatikta) Swertia chirata Gentianaceae Herb
Guloncha Tinospora cordifolia Menispermaceae Herb
Harjora (Granadilla) Cissus quadrangularis Vitaceae Herb
Horitoki (Chebulic Terminalia chebula Combretaceae Herb
Myrobalan)
Kalomegh (Creat) Andrographis paniculata Acanthaceae Herb
Kumarilota (Indian smilax) Smilax zeylanica Liliaceae Herb
Nageswer champa Mesua ferrea Guttiferae Tree
Neem Azadirachta indica Meliaceae Tree
Nishinda (Chaste tree) Vitex negundo Lamiaceae Herb
Pathorkuchi Kalanchae pinnata Crassulaceae Herb
Pudina (Mint) Mentha arvensis Lamiaceae Herb
Shotomuli (Asparagus) Asparagus recemosus Asparagaceae Herb
Sonalu Cassia fistula Caesalpinae Tree
Sorpogondha (Snake root) Rauwolfia serpentina Apocynaceae Herb
Talakucha (Ivy ground) Coccinia grandis Cucurbitaceae Climber
Thankuni (Indian pennywort) Centella asiatica Mackinlayaceae Herb
Tulsi Ocimum basilicum Labiatae Shrub
Ulotkombol (Devil's cotton) Abroma augusta Sterculiaceae Herb
Vuikumra Ipomoea mauritiana Convolvulaceae Herb
Spices
Ada (Ginger) Zingiber officinale Zingiberaceae Herb
Alach (Cardamom) Amomum aculeatum Zingiberaceae Herb
Boch Acorus calamus Aracae Herb
Capsicum Capsicum sp Solanaceae Herb
Cumin (Jira) Cuminum cyminum Apiaceae Herb
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Islam et al. 74

Common Name Scientific Name Family Type


Daruchini (Cinnamon) Cinnamomum verum Lauraceae Tree
Dhonia (Coriander) Coriandrum sativum Apiaceae Herb
Golmorich Piper nigram Piperaceae Climber
Holud (Turmeric) Curcuma longa Zingiberaceae Herb
Lobongo (Clove) Syzygium aromaticum Myrtaceae Tree
Morich (chilli) Capsicum annuum Solanaceae Herb
Panbahar, panbilash Clausena hepaphylla Rutaceae Shrub
Payaj (Onion) Allium cepa Amaryllidaceae Herb
Rosun (Garlic) Allium sativum Amaryllidaceae Herb
Tejpata Cinnamomum tamala Lauraceae Tree
Vegetables
Badhacopi (Cabbage) Brassica oleracea var. Capitata Brassicaceae Herb
Begun (Brinjal) Solanum melongena Solanaceae Shrub
Broccoli Brassica oleracea Brassicaceae Herb
Deros (Okra) Abelmoschus esculentus Malvaceae Shrub
Fulcopi (Cauliflower) Brassica oleracea var. botrytis Brassicaceae Herb
Gajor (Carrot) Daucus carota Apiaceae Herb
Korola (Bitter Gourd) Momordica charautia Cucurbitaceae Climber
Lal Badhacopi (Red Brassica oleracea var. Capitata "f. Brassicaceae Herb
Cabbage) Rubra"
Miniature Cabbage B. oleracea gemmifera Brassicaceae Herb
Misti kumra (Sweet Gourd) Cucurbita Moschata Cucurbitaceae Climber
Mula (Raddish) Raphanus sativus Brassicaceae Herb
Potol (Pointed Gourd) Trichosauthes dioica Cucurbitaceae Climber
Sajina (Drum Stick) Moringa olefera Moringaceae Tree
Sheem (Country Bean) Phaseolus vulgaris Fabaceae Climber
Shosha (Cucumber) Cucumis sativus Cucurbitaceae Climber
Shotomuli (Asparagus) Asparagus officinalis Asparagaceae Herb
Tomato Solanum lycopersicum Solanaceae Herb
Platation crops
Arica palm Chrysalidocarpus lutescense Palmae Tree
Barak Bash Bambusa balcooa Gramineae Woody
Bash Bambusa sp. Gramineae Woody
Bash (Grass) Bambusa nana Gramineae Woody
Bottle palm Mascarena lagenicaulis Arecaceae Tree
Chinese palm Liuistona chinensis Arecaceae Tree
Khejur Phoenix sylvestris Palmae Tree
Mitinga Bash Bambusa tulda Gramineae Woody
Muli Bash Miloccana bacifera Gramineae Woody
Narikel Cocos mucifera Palmae Tree
Oil palm Elaeis guineensis Arecaceae Tree
Rubber (Indian) Ficus elastica Moraceae Tree
Supari Areca catechu Palmae Tree
Tal palm Barassus flabellifer Arecaceae Tree

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