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Manual of Petroleum

Measurement Standards
Chapter 17Marine Measurement
Section 1Guidelines for Marine Cargo
Inspection

FOURTH EDITION, NOVEMBER 2001


ERRATA, JUNE 2005
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Copyright American Petroleum Institute


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Copyright American Petroleum Institute


Reproduced by IHS under license with API
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Manual of Petroleum
Measurement Standards
Chapter 17Marine Measurement

Section 1Guidelines for Marine Cargo


Inspection

Upstream Segment

FOURTH EDITION, NOVEMBER 2001


ERRATA, JUNE 2005

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Copyright American Petroleum Institute


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SPECIAL NOTES

API publications necessarily address problems of a general nature. With respect to partic-
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API is not undertaking to meet the duties of employers, manufacturers, or suppliers to
warn and properly train and equip their employees, and others exposed, concerning health
and safety risks and precautions, nor undertaking their obligations under local, state, or fed-
eral laws.
Information concerning safety and health risks and proper precautions with respect to par-
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supplier of that material, or the material safety data sheet.
Nothing contained in any API publication is to be construed as granting any right, by
implication or otherwise, for the manufacture, sale, or use of any method, apparatus, or prod-
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uct covered by letters patent. Neither should anything contained in the publication be con-
strued as insuring anyone against liability for infringement of letters patent.
Generally, API standards are reviewed and revised, reaffirmed, or withdrawn at least every
five years. Sometimes a one-time extension of up to two years will be added to this review
cycle. This publication will no longer be in effect five years after its publication date as an
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This document was produced under API standardization procedures that ensure appropri-
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standard. Questions concerning the interpretation of the content of this standard or com-
ments and questions concerning the procedures under which this standard was developed
should be directed in writing to the standardization manager, American Petroleum Institute,
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without prior written permission from the publisher. Contact the Publisher,
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Copyright 2001 American Petroleum Institute

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FOREWORD

API publications may be used by anyone desiring to do so. Every effort has been made by
the Institute to assure the accuracy and reliability of the data contained in them; however, the
Institute makes no representation, warranty, or guarantee in connection with this publication
and hereby expressly disclaims any liability or responsibility for loss or damage resulting
from its use or for the violation of any federal, state, or municipal regulation with which this
publication may conflict.
Suggested revisions are invited and should be submitted to the standardization manager,
American Petroleum Institute, 1220 L Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20005.

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CONTENTS

Page

17.1.0 INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
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17.1.1 SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

17.1.2 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

17.1.3 DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

17.1.4 RECOMMENDED DOCUMENTATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

17.1.5 GENERAL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

17.1.6 SAFETY AND HEALTH CONSIDERATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4


17.1.6.1 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
17.1.6.2 Physical Characteristics and Fire Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

17.1.7 BEFORE LOADING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5


17.1.7.1 Key Meeting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
17.1.7.2 Shore Inspection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
17.1.7.3 Vessel Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

17.1.8 DURING LOADING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9


17.1.8.1 Communications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
17.1.8.2 Line Sample . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
17.1.8.3 First-foot Sample . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
17.1.8.4 Meter Proving. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

17.1.9 VESSEL INSPECTION AFTER LOADING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9


17.1.9.1 Draft, Trim, and List. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
17.1.9.2 Vessel Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
17.1.9.3 Vessel Gauges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
17.1.9.4 Water Cut Measurement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
17.1.9.5 Vessel Temperature. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
17.1.9.6 Ballast Tanks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
17.1.9.7 Vessel Sampling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
17.1.9.8 Sample Handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
17.1.9.9 Sea Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
17.1.9.10 Bunker Inspection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
17.1.9.11 Volume Calculations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

17.1.10 LOAD PORT INSPECTION AFTER LOADING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11


17.1.10.1 Shore Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
17.1.10.2 Tank Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
17.1.10.3 Tank Samples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
17.1.10.4 Automatic Sampler. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
17.1.10.5 Meters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

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Page

17.1.11 LOAD PORT RECONCILIATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11


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17.1.11.1 Shore and Vessel Transferred Volume Calculations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11


17.1.11.2 Load Port Voyage Analysis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
17.1.11.3 Bill of Lading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
17.1.11.4 Qualitative Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
17.1.11.5 Time Log. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
17.1.11.6 Letter of Protest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
17.1.11.7 Distribution of Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

17.1.12 BEFORE DISCHARGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12


17.1.12.1 Key Meeting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
17.1.12.2 Shore Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
17.1.12.3 Shore Tank Temperatures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
17.1.12.4 Sampling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
17.1.12.5 Meters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
17.1.12.6 Vessel Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

17.1.13 DURING DISCHARGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16


17.1.13.1 Communications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
17.1.13.2 Line Sample . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
17.1.13.3 Meter Proving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
17.1.13.4 Discharge Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
17.1.13.5 Time Log. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

17.1.14 VESSEL INSPECTION AFTER DISCHARGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16


17.1.14.1 Draft, Trim, and List. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
17.1.14.2 Vessel Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
17.1.14.3 Remaining On Board Measurement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
17.1.14.4 Remaining On Board Volume Calculations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
17.1.14.5 Remaining On Board Sampling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
17.1.14.6 Remaining On Board Temperatures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
17.1.14.7 Sea Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
17.1.14.8 Bunker Inspection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
17.1.14.9 Crude Oil Washing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

17.1.15 SHORE INSPECTION AFTER DISCHARGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17


17.1.15.1 Shore Lines and Tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
17.1.15.2 Shore Tank Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
17.1.15.3 Shore Tank Temperatures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
17.1.15.4 Sampling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
17.1.15.5 Meters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

17.1.16 DISCHARGE PORT RECONCILIATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18


17.1.16.1 Shore and Vessel Transferred Volume Calculations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
17.1.16.2 Discharge Port Voyage Analysis and Cargo Reconciliation . . . . . . . . . . . 18
17.1.16.3 Qualitative Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
17.1.16.4 Letter of Protest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

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Page

APPENDIX A CUSTODY TRANSFER FLOW CHARTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21


APPENDIX B SAMPLE FORMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
APPENDIX C PROCEDURE FOR CALCULATING VESSEL
EXPERIENCE FACTORS (VEF) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Figures
A.1 Custody Transfer Flow ChartShore Tanks with Automatic Sampler. . . . . . . . . 21
A.2 Custody Transfer Flow ChartShore Tank(s) with Individual Tank Samples . . . 22
C-1 Vessel Experience Factor Sequential Voyage Log and Calculation . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
C-2 Vessel Experience Factor Sequential Voyage Log and Calculation . . . . . . . . . . . . 51

Tables
C-1 Critical Values at the 95% Probability Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
C2 Students t95 Distribution Values at the 95% Probability Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49

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vii
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Chapter 17Marine Measurement

Section 1Guidelines for Marine Cargo Inspection

17.1.0 Introduction responsible within his domain for contributing to a reconcilia-


tion of vessel and shore quantities and for seeking explana-
These guidelines are intended to encourage uniform
tions for any discrepancies.
inspection practices for marine petroleum and chemical cargo
Any discrepancies relating to quality determination and/or
quantity and quality control. Use of these guidelines also will
calculated quantities should be recorded and reported to all
simplify the making of agreements for transferring volumes
interested parties. This procedure may be accomplished by
of petroleum and chemical cargoes and will help ensure that
issuance of a Letter of Protest or Notice of Apparent Discrep-
the agreements can be clearly interpreted and executed
ancy. Every effort should be made to resolve discrepancies
between parties. The recommendations provided here, how-
before the vessel departs.
ever, are not intended to interfere in any way with provisions
The independent inspection report for the cargo custody
contrary to these guidelines that may exist in any contract or
transfer should be issued and distributed promptly.
applicable recommended practices of other regulatory or
standards bodies; nor are they intended to interfere with These procedures are equally valid and applicable for
safety and environmental considerations or local conditions. either metric or customary units of measurement, provided
These guidelines are not promulgated as the only acceptable that the same types of units are used consistently.
method of custody transfer measurement or inspection prac-
tices. Guidelines for the inspection of marine cargo are sub- 17.1.2 References
ject to ongoing reappraisal and periodic change. The following API documents are referenced in the text of
Measurement and sampling activities to be performed on this chapter. Equivalent documents published by other organi-
board a vessel shall be accomplished in the presence of, or zations are listed in Appendix A.
with the express permission of, the vessels master or other
appropriate authority. Activities to be performed at the load- API
ing and discharge shore facilities shall be accomplished in the Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards
presence of, or with the express permission of, the appropri- Chapter 1 Vocabulary
ate shore supervisory personnel. Chapter 2 Tank Calibration
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For reasons of safety, only appropriate and approved Chapter 3 Tank Gauging (see note)
equipment should be used. Local jurisdictional regulations Chapter 4 Proving Systems
regarding loading and unloading also must be followed. Chapter 5 Metering
Chapter 6 Metering Assemblies
17.1.1 Scope Chapter 7 Temperature Determination
These guidelines specify the policy and minimum rec- Chapter 8 Sampling
ommended practices for the manual and automatic mea- Chapter 9 Density Determination
surement, sampling, and accounting for bulk quantities of Chapter 10 Sediment and Water
crude oil (including spiked, blended, and reconstituted Chapter 11.1 Volume Correction Factors
crude oil), petroleum products and chemicals that are Chapter 12. 1 Calculation of Static Petroleum
transported on marine vessels. The activities described in Quantities
these guidelines include actions by producers, buyers, sell- Chapter 12.2 Calculation of Liquid Petroleum Quanti-
ers, terminal operators, vessel owners and their crews, cus- ties Measured by Turbine or Displacement
toms authorities, independent inspectors, and other parties Meters
with an interest in measurements. Chapter 17.2 Measurement of Cargoes On Board Tank
Certain vessel or terminal configurations and cargo charac- Vessels
teristics, particularly chemicals, may require extensive proce- Chapter 17.3 Guidelines for Identification of the
dures and calculation methods not covered in this chapter. Source of Free Water Associated with
Cargo calculations should be performed independently by Marine Petroleum Cargo Movements
the responsible parties and/or by their authorized representa- Chapter 17.4 Method for the Quantification of Small
tives. The results of the quality determinations and quantity Volumes on Marine Vessels (OBQ / ROB)
calculations should be compared and any differences resolved Chapter 17.5 Guidelines for Cargo Analysis and
without delay. Each party involved in a custody transfer is Reconciliation
1

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2 CHAPTER 17MARINE MEASUREMENT

Chapter 17.6 Guidelines for Determining the Fullness Gross Standard Volume (GSV): See volumes.
of Pipelines Between Vessels and Shore
Gross Standard Weight (GSW): The total weight of all
Tanks
petroleum liquids and sediment and water (S&W) (if any),
Chapter 17.8 Guidelines for Pre-loading Inspection of
excluding Free Water (FW), as determined by applying the
Marine Vessel Cargo Tanks
appropriate weight conversion factors to the Gross Standard
RP 2003 Protection Against Ignitions Arising Out
Volume (GSV).
of Static, Lightning, and Stray Currents
Publ 2026 Safe Descent Onto Floating Roofs of indicated volume: See volumes.
Tanks in Petroleum Service
inerting: A procedure used to reduce the oxygen content of
Publ 2217 Guidelines for Confined Space Work in
a vessels cargo spaces by introducing an inert gas such as
the Petroleum Industry
ICS/OCIMF1
nitrogen or carbon dioxide or a mixture of gases such as pro-
International Safety Guide for Oil Tankers and Terminals cessed flue gas.
Inert Flue Gas Safety Guide innage gauge (dip [sounding]): The measured distance
IMO International Maritime Organization from the surface of the liquid to a fixed datum plate or to the
tank bottom.
17.1.3 Definitions
Letter of Protest or a Notice of Apparent Discrep-
The following terms are used throughout Chapter 17: ancy: A letter issued by any participant in a custody transfer
API gravity: A means used by the petroleum industry to citing any condition in dispute. This serves as a written record
express the density of petroleum liquids. API gravity is mea- that the particular action or finding was questioned at the time
sured by a hydrometer instrument having a scale graduated in of occurrence.
degrees API. The relation between API gravity and relative line fullness verification: The activity of verifying the fill
density (formerly called specific gravity): condition of the shore and vessel cargo transfer lines before
and after a cargo transfer (see API MPMS Chapter 17.6).
141.5
API Gravity at 60F = ------------------------------------------------------------------ 131.5 list: The leaning or inclination of a vessel, expressed in
Relative Density 60F/60F
degrees port or starboard away from the vertical.
automatic sampler: A device used to extract a representa- list correction: The correction applied to the observed
tive sample from the liquid flowing in a pipe. The automatic gauge or observed volume when a vessel is listing, provided
sampler generally consists of a probe, a sample extractor, a that liquid is in contact with all bulkheads in the tank. Correc-
flow meter, a controller, and a sample receiver. tion for list may be made by reference to the vessels list cor-
ballast: The water that is taken on when a vessel is empty or rection tables for each tank or by mathematical calculations.
partly loaded to increase draft to properly submerge the pro- load on top: Defined as both a procedure and a practice.
peller and maintain stability and trim.
practice: Load on top is the act of commingling on board
crude oil washing: See tank washing. quantity with cargo being loaded.
Cargo Quantity Option Certificate: A certificate signed procedure: Load on top is the shipboard procedure of col-
by vessel and shore representatives acknowledging the lecting and settling water and oil mixtures, resulting from bal-
amount of cargo intended to load. Generally, most product lasting and tank cleaning operations (usually in a special slop
cargoes have a tolerance based on either supplier, receiver, or tank or tanks), and subsequently loading cargo on top of slops
vessel capabilities. Each party involved with the loading shall and pumping the mixture ashore at the discharge port.
agree to the quantity to be loaded.
Net Standard Volume (NSV): See volumes.
draft: The depth of a vessel below the water line measured
from the surface of the water to the bottom of the vessels keel. Net Standard Weight (NSW): The total weight of all
petroleum liquids, excluding sediment and water (S&W) and
Free Water (FW): The volume of water present in a con- Free Water (FW), determined by deducting the S&W weight
tainer that is not in suspension in the contained liquid (oil). from the Gross Standard Weight (GSW).
(See the definition of sediment and water .)
On-board Quantity (OBQ): See volumes.
Gross Observed Volume (GOV): See volumes.
observed reference height: The distance actually mea-
1Oil Companies International Marine Forum, Portland House, Stag sured from the tank bottom or datum plate to the established
Place, London SWIE S13H, England. reference point.

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SECTION 1GUIDELINES FOR MARINE CARGO INSPECTION 3

reference height: The distance from the tank bottom or information used to calculate a VEF should preferably be
datum plate to the established reference point or mark. based on documents that follow accepted industry standards
and practices, such as inspection company reports.
reference point: The point from which the reference height
is determined and from which the ullage/innages are taken. CAUTION: If, in the completion of the Sequential Voyage
Log, a TCV ratio (vessel/shore) appears to be in error, the
Remaining On Board (ROB): See volumes.
ratio may be deleted with the agreement of both parties. If all
sediment and water (S&W): The non-hydrocarbon solid qualified voyages are based on load/discharge data from the
material and water in suspension in petroleum liquid. sedi- same terminal, the applicability of those VEF data to loads/
ment and water is measured by the techniques described in discharges at other terminals should be evaluated.
API MPMS Chapters 10.1, 10.2, 10.3, 10.4, 10.5, 10.6, 10.7,
Vessel Discharge Ratio (VDR): The Total Calculated
10.8 and 10.9 (see Appendix A).
Volume (TCV) by vessel measurement on arrival, less
slops: Oil, oil/water/sediment, and emulsions contained in Remaining On Board (ROB), divided by the TCV by shore
slop tanks or designated cargo tanks. The mixture usually measurement at discharge:
results from tank stripping, tank washing, or dirty ballast
phase separation. TCV on arrival ROB
VDR = --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
TCV received on shore at discharge
stop gauge: A pre-transfer determination of a specific vol-
ume of cargo represented by a specific tank level, which, when Vessel Load Ratio (VLR): The Total Calculated Volume
reached, results in cargo completion of the transfer. This deter- (TCV) by vessel measurement upon sailing, less On-board
mination may be done by either shore or vessel personnel. Quantity (OBQ), divided by the TCV by shore measurement
at loading:
tank washing: Divided into two types of activities:
TCV on sailing OBQ
Water washing involves the use of a high-pressure water VLR = --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
TCV received from shore at loading
stream to dislodge clingage and sediment from the bulkheads,
bottom, and internal tank structures of a vessel. volumes: Defined as follows:
Crude oil washing involves the use of a high-pressure stream Gross Observed Volume (GOV): The total volume
of the crude oil cargo to dislodge or dissolve clingage and of all petroleum liquids and sediment and water (S&W),
sediment from the bulkheads, bottom, and internal tank struc- excluding Free Water (FW), at observed temperature
tures of a vessel during the discharge operation. and pressure.
Note: Regulatory agencies require the vessels tanks to be inerted Gross Standard Volume (GSV): The total volume
during this tank cleaning method. of all petroleum liquids and sediment and water (S&W),
Total Calculated Volume (TCV): See volumes. excluding Free Water (FW), corrected by the appropriate
volume correction factor (Ctl) for the observed tempera-
Total Observed Volume (TOV): See volumes. ture and API gravity, relative density, or density to a
standard temperature such as 60F or l5C. If applicable,
trim: The condition of a vessel with reference to its longitudi-
correct with pressure correction factor (Cpl) and meter
nal position in the water. It is the difference between forward
factor.
and aft drafts and is expressed by the head or by the stern.
indicated volume: The change in meter reading that
trim correction: The correction applied to the observed occurs during a receipt or delivery.
gauge or observed volume when a vessel is not on an even
keel, provided that the liquid is in contact with all bulkheads Net Standard Volume (NSV): The total volume of all
in the tank. Correction for trim may be made by referencing petroleum liquids, excluding sediment and water (S&W)
trim tables for each tank or by mathematical calculation. and Free Water (FW), corrected by the appropriate vol-
ume correction factor (Ctl) for the observed temperature
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ullage gauge (or outage): The measured distance from and API gravity, relative density, or density to a standard
the cargo liquid surface to the reference point. temperature such as 60F or 15C. If applicable, correct
Vessel Experience Factor (VEF): A compilation of the with pressure correction factor (Cpl) and meter factor.
history of the Total Calculated Volume (TCV) vessel mea- On-board Quantity (OBQ): The material present in
surements, adjusted for On-board Quantity (OBQ) or vessels cargo tanks, void spaces, and pipelines before
Remaining On Board (ROB), compared with the TCV shore the vessel is loaded. On-board Quantity may include any
measurements. (See the VEF form for more details.) Separate combination of water, oil, slops, oil residue, oil/ water
VEFs should be developed for loadings and discharges. The emulsions, and sediment.

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4 CHAPTER 17MARINE MEASUREMENT

Remaining On Board (ROB): The material remain- permanent record, at the time when the procedures are being
ing in a vessels cargo tanks, void spaces, and pipelines performed. The data thus gathered should then be reported in
after the cargo is discharged. Remaining On Board a clear, understandable format, as illustrated in the sample
quantity may include any combination of water, oil, forms presented in Appendix B of this chapter.
slops, oil residue, oil/ water emulsions, and sediment.
Total Calculated Volume (TCV): The total volume 17.1.5 General Information
of all petroleum liquids and sediment and water (S&W), Gauging may be performed manually or by automatic sys-
corrected by the appropriate volume correction factor tems, in accordance with procedures appropriate to the type of
(Ctl) for the observed temperature and API gravity, rela- vessel, cargo and location (see API MPMS Chapters 3 & 17.2).
tive density, or density to a standard temperature such as All responsible parties should be informed if any of the
60F or l5C. If applicable, correct with pressure correc- gauging equipment or tank or meter facilities have a known
tion factor (Cpl) and meter factor and all Free Water bias. Documentation of these deviations should be available
(FW) measured at observed temperature and pressure for inspection by all responsible parties and must be used in
(Gross Standard Volume plus Free Water). preparing volume reconciliation. Possibilities for known bias
Total Observed Volume (TOV): The total measured error includebut are not limited towater, snow, ice, or
volume of all petroleum liquids, sediment and water debris on floating-roof tanks.
(S&W), and Free Water (FW) at observed temperature The procedures described in this publication should be per-
and pressure. formed by properly trained personnel. If the procedures cannot
be performed for any reason (such as safety, environmental, or
Note: Where the terms 60F and 15C are used, this does not indi-
cate that the terms are equal. physical constraints; governmental restrictions; conflicts with
contractual agreements; or other problems), the inspection
wall wash test: The procedure for washing selected areas report should include a complete, detailed explanation. Mea-
such as the interior bulkheads, tank bottoms, and sumps of surement personnel are responsible for ensuring the use of
cargo tanks with an appropriate medium and testing the wash proper safety, measurement, and sampling equipment.
liquid for the presence of material which might contaminate The vessels master and/or designated representative, the
cargo to be loaded (refer to API MPMS Chapter 17.8). shore supervisory personnel and the measurement personnel
--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

water cut measurement: The procedure for locating the conducting the inspection should be familiar with the scope
oil/water interface for the purpose of determining the volume of the cargo inspection procedures and aware of the safety
of Free Water (FW) in a shore tank or vessel compartment. It procedures unique to the product being transferred.
is also used to refer to the line of demarcation of the oil/water If simultaneous ballasting or deballasting must be per-
interface. formed during cargo operations, record this fact and the rea-
sons for it in the inspection report and comment on the degree
wedge formula: A mathematical means to approximate of segregation that was maintained during the operation.
small quantities of liquid and solid cargo and Free Water Petroleum products and chemicals require stringent quality
(FW) on board prior to loading and after discharge, based on control during loading, transport and discharge operations.
cargo compartment dimensions and vessel trim. The wedge Vessels designated to carry these products should meet com-
formula is to be used only when the liquid does not touch all patibility criteria. They should also be inspected for cleanli-
the bulkheads of the vessels tank. ness prior to loading so that the shipment will not be
wedge table: A pre-calculated vessel table based on the contaminated (see API MPMS Chapter 17.8). If there is any
wedge principle and displayed much like the vessels usual question concerning compatibility or contamination, all inter-
innage/ullage tables. These tables, however, are for small ested parties should be notified and the questions resolved
quantities (On-board Quantities, Remaining On Board) when prior to commencement of loading.
the cargo or Free Water (FW) does not touch all the bulkheads
of the vessels tank. 17.1.6 Safety and Health Considerations
wipe test: The procedure of physically wiping random inte- 17.1.6.1 GENERAL
rior areas and steam coils of the vessels tanks with absorbent
Due consideration must always be given to applicable safety
white rags. This procedure is used to test the tanks coating
and health procedures. Considerations should include, but are
for possible color contamination.
not limited to, possible electrostatic hazards (refer to API RP
2003) and other fire and explosion hazards, potential dangers to
17.1.4 Recommended Documentation personnel (for example, exposure limits, hazard communica-
These guidelines provide for collecting data in a uniform tion, training, and various protective clothing and equipment
manner. It is required that the data collected be recorded in a requirements and work practices), and potential explosive and

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SECTION 1GUIDELINES FOR MARINE CARGO INSPECTION 5

toxic hazards associated with a cargo tanks environment. The 17.1.7 Before Loading
physical characteristics of the cargo and existing operational
conditions should be evaluated carefully, and applicable inter- 17.1.7.1 KEY MEETING
national, federal, state, and local regulations should be strictly 17.1.7.1.1 General
observed. Safety procedures designated by the employer, the
vessels operator, and other concerned parties also must be Before loading begins, one or more meetings should be
observed. The International Safety Guide for Oil Tankers and held among cargo inspectors, vessel representatives, and
Terminals and appropriate Oil Companies International Marine shore operational personnel who are involved in the loading
Forum (OCIMF), International Maritime Organization (IMO) operation. At these meetings, key operational people are iden-
and API publications should be consulted for additional safety tified, responsibilities are defined, communication procedures
information. are arranged, and everyone concerned reviews loading proce-
dures and plans to ensure a full understanding of all activities.
It should be noted that while many chemicals have charac-
All parties should agree on the cargos quality speci-
teristics similar to other petroleum liquid cargoes and thus
fication and quantity (see Cargo Quantity Options
require no special consideration, many do pose a potential
Certificate).
safety threat to personnel, the environment and the vessels
An agreement should be reached on whether shore or
carrying them. Accordingly, all special precautions and mea-
ship personnel will terminate the loading.
surement methods required by the shipper, supplier or any
Check with the vessels representative for reports of any
other relevant regulatory authorities should be understood and
unusual events that may have occurred during the sea
observed when handling these cargoes.
passage or at the previous port and that may require
Petroleum vapors and associated substancesincluding special vigilance during loading.
hydrogen sulfide vapors from sour crudealso may The vessels representative should confirm the vessels
involve potential toxicity. Petroleum vapors with high con- ability to heat the cargo as instructed.
centrations of hydrogen sulfide may cause unconsciousness Check with shore personnel to agree on procedures
or death. During and after the opening of the gauge hatch, all for handling any special conditions that exist on
personnel should stand far enough away to minimize the shore that may adversely affect the loading activity
inhalation of vapor. or measurements.
Since toxic vapors or oxygen deficiency cannot be detected A Letter of Protest should be issued to any party failing
safely by smell, visual inspection, or judgment, appropriate to comply with recommended procedures.
precautions should be taken to ensure protection. Provisions Agreement should be reached on the method to be used
should be made for appropriate exposure monitoring, protec- to determine line fullness (see API MPMS Chapter 17.6).
tive equipment for personnel, and emergency rescue proce- Determine which vessel tanks will be loaded, the capac-
dures. When it is necessary, personnel should have suitable ity of the tanks, the condition of the lines, the nature of
respiratory protection prior to entering the gauge site and dur- the vessels last three cargoes, and the method of clean-
ing the gauging procedure. ing the cargo tanks (see API MPMS Chapter 17.8).
If first-foot samples are required, a decision on the
17.1.6.2 PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND FIRE tanks to be used for such samples and the quantity of
CONSIDERATIONS cargo to be loaded for the sampling should be made.
On multi-grade vessels, it may be necessary to load the
Personnel who handle petroleum-related substances, as
vessels tanks in a certain order to avoid contamination and to
well as other chemical materials, should be familiar with their
comply with vessel operational requirements. This should be
physical and chemical characteristicsincluding potential
discussed and the order by grade and/or product should be
for fire, explosion and reactivityand with potential toxicity agreed upon before loading operations begin.
and health hazards and emergency procedures. Personnel
should be alert to avoid potential sources of ignition and Note: Contamination may result in an unsafe condition for the termi-
should keep containers of materials closed when not in use. nal and/or the vessel.

API Pubs 2217 and 2026 and any applicable regulations The suggested inspection checklist (see Appendix B) or a
should be consulted when sampling requires entry into con- similar document should be used.
fined spaces.
17.1.7.1.2 Blending
Information regarding particular materials and conditions
should be obtained from the employer, the manufacturer, or If blending aboard the vessel is involved, it is critical that
the supplier of that material or from the material safety data all volumes loaded are consistent with the proportional hand-
sheet. blend before loading. If the material contained in shorelines is
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6 CHAPTER 17MARINE MEASUREMENT

to be loaded as part of the blend, a line sample should be temperatures, samples, and water measurements of each tank
taken and tested. to be used in the loading. Any difference between the
To aid blending, the heaviest component may be loaded observed reference height and the reference height shown on
first, followed by the lighter components. The volume the tank capacity tables should be noted and investigated (see
should be gauged after each component is loaded. The API MPMS Chapter 17.2, Appendix B.3).
contents of the shoreline, the vessels previous cargo and All gauges should be recorded only after securing three
any On-board Quantities (OBQ) should be taken into con- consecutive readings to be within a range of 3 mm (1/8 in.). If
sideration for their effect on the blending operation. two of the three consecutive readings are identical, this read-
Blends may require adjustment to maintain the mutually ing shall be reported; to the nearest 1 mm if metric gauge
agreed upon blend specifications. tapes are used or to the nearest 1/8 in. if customary gauge
tapes are used. If all three readings are used, they should be
Note: Due to incomplete mixing, sampling limitations and other
operational restrictions, vessel tank samples often will not be repre- averaged. If the tank contents are determined to be in motion

--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
sentative of proportional hand-blends tested at the port of loading. and waiting for equilibrium is not possible, the tank measure-
ments should be recorded and all parties advised. If the situa-
17.1.7.2 SHORE INSPECTION tion cannot be resolved, a Letter of Protest should be issued.
Record the automatic gauges for purposes of comparison (see
17.1.7.2.1 Shore Lines and Tanks API MPMS Chapter 3.1A).
Determine the nature and quantities of material in the In the case of tanks with floating roofs, gauging should be
shorelines up to the vessels flange. When line contents are avoided while the roof is in the critical zone. The placement
questionable or when the possibility of cargo contamination of roof legs in high or low position and the critical zone
exists, line samples should be tested to verify compatibility should be recorded.
with the cargo that will be loaded. Alternatively, shoreline The heavy nature of some products may require that an
contents may be loaded into one cargo compartment on the outage measurement be taken. Products with densities
vessel, gauged, sampled, and tested. heavier than water may need to be water cut on top of the
product.
Note: Line samples may not be representative due to sample location
Any incrustation that forms on top of the product may
limitations.
produce inaccuracies in measurement. If this condition
Determine the shore line fill condition (see API MPMS exists, all parties should be notified and the condition
Chapter 17.6). Report the condition and the method used. should be recorded.
Additionally, record and report the total capacity of the shore-
lines used. 17.1.7.2.2.2 Automatic Gauges
It is the terminals responsibility to ensure that all lines and
valves are set in the correct position for the operation. When Automatic gauging systems with accuracy and/or measure-
practical, these settings should be confirmed by the inspector ment tolerances consistent with API MPMS Chapter 3.1B
and valves sealed when appropriate. may be used for custody transfer by mutual agreement among
When non-dedicated loading lines are used, consider load- the interested parties
ing sequences of products flowing through the lines in order If an automatic tank gauging system is used and the read-
to minimize the potential for contamination caused by line- ings are not verified by manual measurements, record in the
contents displacement. This determination should include an inspection report the last two times that the automatic system
agreement on how the lines will be displaced and/or how the and the manual measurements were compared. Record on the
different product interfaces will be handled. inspection report that automatic gauges were used.
Product to be loaded must meet the quality specifications
of agreements. Sampling and laboratory analysis shall be 17.1.7.2.3 SHORE TANK TEMPERATURES
used to ensure that quality specifications are met (see Temperature determination of cargoes in a shore tank is
17.1.7.2.4, 17.1.12.4). critical to the custody transfer process. At the time of
If the cargo to be loaded requires heat, report whether the gauging, therefore, temperatures should be carefully taken
shore lines are insulated and the line temperature should be (see API MPMS Chapter 7). Heavy cargoes, heated car-
obtained whenever possible and recorded. goes, blended cargoes, and cargoes in unheated tanks in
very cold weather may tend to have temperature stratifica-
17.1.7.2.2 Shore Tank Gauges tion within each tank. When this situation is determined,
extra temperature measurements should be taken. On high-
17.1.7.2.2.1 Manual Gauges
heat cargoes such as asphalt, it may be impossible to
Record the reference height from the tank capacity tables obtain representative temperatures with the use of cupcase
before gauges and water cuts are taken. Take opening gauges, or Portable Electronic Thermometers; it may be necessary

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SECTION 1GUIDELINES FOR MARINE CARGO INSPECTION 7

to use permanently installed temperature measuring 17.1.7.2.4.1 Manual Tank Sampling


devices. The use of a permanently installed measuring
The objective of manual sampling is to obtain a small por-
device should be noted in the report, along with when and
tion (spot sample) of material from a selected area within a
how the devices accuracy was verified.
container that is representative of the material in the area, or
CAUTION: Temperatures taken at or near heating elements in the case of running or all-levels samples, a sample whose
may distort temperature profiles. composition is representative of the total material in the con-
tainer. A series of spot samples may be combined to create a
17.1.7.2.3.1 Portable Electronic Thermometer representative sample.
Each shore tank to be used in the loading should be sam-
The Portable Electronic Thermometer (PET) is the pre- pled in sufficient quantity to meet the requirements of inter-
ferred equipment for obtaining temperatures. ested parties and regulatory agencies. Sample containers must
The PET should have a calibrated range of accuracy that be clean and, in the case of petroleum products, should be
meets the desired temperature range of the material from flushed with product prior to drawing the sample. Sample
which a temperature is to be taken. For example, a PET with a containers must meet the requirements of API MPMS Chap-
ter 8. Containers that are used for transport and storage of
--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

calibrated microchip accurate to 300F/149C is not accept-


able for asphalt products that are stored at 350F/177C (see samples must meet appropriate regulatory requirements.
API MPMS Chapter 7). When non-homogeneous products are sampled, upper,
middle and lower spot samples are usually obtained. If strati-
fication is suspected, it is strongly recommended that samples
17.1.7.2.3.2 Mercury-in-glass Thermometer
at additional levels should be taken. If only part of the product
Thermometers must remain in the liquid long enough to in the tank will be used for the loading, then loading zone
reach the temperature of the liquid that is being measured samples may be taken from that part of the tank that is
(see API MPMS Chapter 7). With regard to liquids in which involved in the transfer.
temperature stratification may occur, the time constraints All concerned parties should be notified if the material is
involved in using a mercury-in-glass thermometer to profile a deemed to be stratified, and each party should agree on fur-
tank may necessitate the use of a PET. ther actions before proceeding.
Specify in the inspection report the tank locations and
17.1.7.2.3.3 Dynamic Temperature Measurement methods used to obtain samples. The inspection report should
also state whether the tank was equipped with mixers, a circu-
If a temperature probe in the shore line is used to determine lating system, or aerators and should note the extent of mix-
the temperature for the correction of metered quantity loaded, ing that was performed on the tank.
verify and record in the inspection report the last two times
that the probe was checked for accuracy (refer to API MPMS 17.1.7.2.4.2 Automatic Sampling
Chapters 5 and 7).
Automatic sampling is the preferred method of sampling a
marine cargo transfer. If an automatic sampling system is
17.1.7.2.3.4 Automatic Temperature System installed, it should be proved and operated in conformance
Automatic temperature systems with accuracy and/or mea- with API MPMS Chapter 8.2. If an automatic sampler is used,
surement tolerances consistent with API MPMS Chapter 7 it must be properly set up and clean in preparation for taking
may be used for custody transfer by mutual agreement among a sample, and a visual inspection of the sample container
the interested parties. must be made. Ensure that the grab rate is correct to collect a
sufficient sample to meet requirements without overfilling the
If an automatic temperature system is used and the read-
container. On at least three occasions during the transfer,
ings are not verified by manual measurements, record in the observe by non-intrusive means whether the sampler is oper-
inspection report the last two times that the automatic system ating. Observe and note the starting time for the sampler and
and the manual measurements were compared, and if any dif- the amount of oil in the sample receiver at the halfway point
ferences were noted. Record on the inspection report that during loading and near the completion of loading. Indicate
automatic temperatures were used. whether the automatic sampler used was flow-proportional or
time proportional. Any deficiencies should be reported.
17.1.7.2.4 SAMPLING
17.1.7.2.5 METERS
Promptly label each sample with the appropriate tank num-
ber and other pertinent data. If appropriate, seal the container Terminal operators are responsible for the operation of
and record the seal numbers. their meters and meter provers. They are expected to make

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8 CHAPTER 17MARINE MEASUREMENT

available appropriate meter proving data to measurement per- drained. Report the transfer of any engine-room slops or other
sonnel. Meter measurement tickets should be provided for liquid into the cargo or slop tanks.
each custody transfer and should include the information If the previous cargo poses a contamination problem, all
required in API MPMS Chapter 12.2. Terminal operators or lines and pumps should be cleaned thoroughly and drained.
inspectors who are aware of meter difficulties that could Note on the inspection report how cleaning and draining was
affect accuracy should report the problem immediately to all accomplished.
parties involved in the custody transfer. The incident and the When the vessel is inspected for tank acceptability prior to
resolution must be recorded in the inspection report. loading, tank inspection should be performed in accordance
Prior to loading, record the opening meter readings. It is with API MPMS Chapter 17.8.
recommended that meters be proved during loading in accor-
dance with API MPMS Chapters 4, 5 and 12.2; and reported. 17.1.7.3.5 On-board Quantity Measurement
If manual and/or automatic shore tank measurements
Obtain and record reference heights from the calibration
are taken, show a comparison with metered volumes. If
tables prior to taking opening gauges and water cuts. Record
volumes cannot be reconciled, recheck meter factors,
the observed gauge heights; and, investigate and report any
shore tank measurements, and calculations. Report all
discrepancies. Determine the amount and nature of any mate-
results in the inspection report.
rial on board (On-board Quantity [OBQ]) prior to loading,
including all in-transit cargo and material in non-designated
17.1.7.3 VESSEL INSPECTION
cargo spaces (refer to API MPMS Chapter 17.2). Describe
17.1.7.3.1 Vessel Experience Factor and report the OBQ and/or Free Water (FW) (see 17.1.7.3.8
for slop tanks).
Data on previous voyages must be obtained for use in
calculating the Vessel Experience Factor (VEF). (See API/ 17.1.7.3.6 On-board Quantity Volume Calculation
IP Procedure for Calculating Vessel Experience Factors in
Appendix C.) Record any comments about previous ves- The On-board Quantity/Remaining On Board Report is to
sel/shore comparisons contained in the vessels records. be completed prior to loading. Determine the OBQ as speci-
The VEF may be used for volume reconciliation. fied in API MPMS Chapter 17.4.
a. For liquid material and water, use a wedge formula if the
17.1.7.3.2 Draft, Trim, and List liquid does not touch all the bulkheads of the vessels com-
Record the draft, trim, and list. When barges have no list or partments. Use trim/list corrections if the liquid is in contact
trim correction tables, refer to API MPMS Chapter 12.1.1. with all bulkheads in the compartment.
b. For non-liquid material, multipoint gauging is recom-
17.1.7.3.3 Remaining Ballast mended to determine if a wedge condition exists. Since the
wedge formula uses a trim factor to determine the quantity, an
For most cargoes, there should be no ballast remaining accurate calculation will not be possible without knowing the
in the cargo tanks, lines, or pumps. Any ballast on board trim of the vessel at the time the material solidified. If the
should be totally segregated. Measure and record the quan- material measured is not a wedge, the average of the multiple
tity of any ballast left on board prior to loading. Record the readings should be used for volume determination. However,
presence of and sample any measurable petroleum in bal- if only one gauge point is available, the material shall be
last tanks. If simultaneous deballasting must be performed assumed to be evenly distributed over the tank bottom.
during loading operations, determine the reason from the
vessels representative and record it on the inspection Note: For additional information refer to API MPMS Chapter 17.4.
report. Indicate single/double valve separations, if any,
between clean/dirty ballast and cargo systems. 17.1.7.3.7 On-board Quantity Sampling
When OBQ is accessible, samples shall be obtained from
17.1.7.3.4 Vessel Lines and Tanks all compartments containing liquid volume. An attempt
should also be made to sample non liquid volumes. Samples
All vessel tanks, including cargo, ballast, and cofferdams,
taken should be in sufficient quantity to permit any required
should be inspected prior to loading.
analysis. Samples shall be taken in accordance with API
Before measuring the vessel, request that the vessel lines
MPMS Chapter 8.
be drained. Caution should be exercised on multigrade car-
goes in order to avoid commingling the line contents of dif-
17.1.7.3.8 Slop Tanks
ferent products. Measure the amount of cargo or ballast water
dropped into the tank and sample it if a sufficient quantity Measure the contents of slop tanks to determine the inter-
exists. In addition, record the capacity of the lines that were face and the separate quantities of FW and slop oil. Take the

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SECTION 1GUIDELINES FOR MARINE CARGO INSPECTION 9

temperature of and sample the oily layer. Take a separate sam- 17.1.8.2 LINE SAMPLE
ple of the water layer. Determine the API gravity and the sedi-
Line samples are normally taken for quality control pur-
ment and water (S&W) content of the oily layer sample and
poses. For some products, it is necessary to draw a line sam-
record the results. Compute the quantities; if any slops are to
ple at the commencement of loading. These samples should
be commingled with the subsequent cargo, they are to be
be taken at, or as close as possible to, the vessels manifold.
treated as On-board Quantities and recorded appropriately.
Line samples can be inspected visually, or, in the case of
products with no obvious signs to observe, prompt laboratory
17.1.7.3.9 On-board Quantity Temperatures
testing for agreed specifications may be required. In any case,
Temperatures shall be obtained, recorded and used for these samples should be taken and retained.
cargo volume correction whenever depth of material is suffi-
cient and the nature of the material permits. If the temperature 17.1.8.3 FIRST-FOOT SAMPLE
cannot be measured, the Gross Observed Volume (GOV)
If a first-foot sample is required, it should be taken when
shall be reported as Gross Standard Volume (GSV).
approximately 1 ft (0.3 m) of cargo has been loaded into
Temperature measurements shall be obtained in accor- the tank. A sample is then drawn from the tank. The sam-
dance with API MPMS Chapters 7 and 17.2. ple should be examined or tested to determine conformity
with cargo specifications. If the sample indicates potential
17.1.7.3.10 Sea Valves contamination, no additional cargo shall be loaded into the
Confirm in the presence of the vessels personnel that sea tank until the problem is resolved (reference ISGOTT
valves and overboard discharge valves are in the closed posi- 20.5.2 and 20.5.3).
tion and sealed before loading commences. Seal valves to the
extent possible, so as to be able to determine whether they 17.1.8.4 METER PROVING
were used during loading. Record the seal numbers. The meter proving should be monitored, as appropriate, in
accordance with API MPMS Chapters 4, 5, and 12.2; and,
17.1.7.3.11 Load On Top reported.
If a load-on-top procedure is followed, fill out a Load-On-
Top Report. 17.1.9 Vessel Inspection after Loading
17.1.9.1 DRAFT, TRIM, AND LIST
17.1.7.3.12 Bunker Inspection
Verify the draft, trim, and list, and record.
A bunker inspection should be performed before and after
loading, as required. If the vessel intends to bunker during 17.1.9.2 VESSEL LINES
loading, GOVs should be compared with bunker receiving
documents and with normal consumption rates. Bunker sam- Prior to measuring the vessel, request that the vessel lines
ples should be taken and tested on request. On cargo barges, be drained. Caution should be exercised on multigrade car-
if requested, inspect and report the quantities in the diesel fuel goes in order to avoid commingling the line contents of dif-
tanks used to fuel the engine-driven pumps. ferent products. All internal transfers of cargo should be
completed and all tank valves should be secured prior to
17.1.8 During Loading gauging. Loading lines should be vented prior to gauging. It
is common in the case of multigrade petroleum product load-
17.1.8.1 COMMUNICATIONS ings also to seal the individual tank suction valves.
A reliable means of communication with the shore and
17.1.9.3 VESSEL GAUGES
between vessels should be arranged. Vessel, shore, or mea-
surement personnel who notice a problem during any stage of Take gauges, water cuts, and temperatures on all cargo
the transfer that could affect subsequent events should compartments at the reference point indicated on the vessels
promptly notify all key personnel so that timely action can be capacity tables. The report should indicate whether measure-
taken. Record these events in the inspection report. ments were manual or automatic and whether tanks on the
When more than one product and/or grade of product is vessel were inerted during gauging.
to be loaded, close communication must be maintained Inspect for the presence of cargo in non-designated cargo
between personnel on shore and on the vessel in order to spaces, ballast tanks, cofferdams, and void spaces. If cargo is
avoid contamination and off-specification material. This is found, measure it in the same manner as the petroleum in
of special importance when switching from one product cargo compartments (refer to API MPMS Chapter 17.2) and
and/or grade to another. notify all concerned parties.

--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

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10 CHAPTER 17MARINE MEASUREMENT

Observed gauge heights should be recorded and compared 17.1.9.6 BALLAST TANKS
to reference gauge heights. Investigate and report any dis-
Inspect ballast tanks and record the quantity of ballast on
crepancies. In some instances, it is impossible to determine
board. Record the presence of and sample any measurable
the observed gauge height, water cut, and innage gauge. The
cargo in any ballast tanks if possible. Notify all interested par-
location of the reference gauge point should be noted in the
ties and issue a Letter of Protest, as appropriate. Use the Ves-
inspection report.
sel Ullage/Sounding and Capacity Report to record these
Vessel measurements taken through non-slotted stand- measurements.
pipes may be inaccurate as a result of plugging at the base
of the pipe, capillary action, or pressure differentials. Note: If simultaneous deballasting was performed during loading
Additional measurements may be needed from other loca- operations, determine the reason from the vessels representative and
record it in the inspection report. Indicate single/double valve sepa-
tions when this condition exists. Note in the report the rations, if any, between the clean/dirty ballast and the cargo system.
existence of this condition.
In the case of heavy viscous materials, air and/or inert 17.1.9.7 VESSEL SAMPLING
gases may be entrained in the product. An appropriate settling
time should be allowed if possible. If the vessel is gauged Take samples from each vessel compartment in such a man-
immediately after completion of loading, this fact should be ner that a composite sample, intended to represent the total of
noted on the Time Log and in the ullage report. each grade of cargo may be prepared for appropriate testing
(see API MPMS Chapter 8.1). This sample, usually prepared
In operations involving lightering, each receiving vessel as
in a laboratory, will be made by combining the vessels indi-
well as the delivering vessel should be gauged prior to and
vidual tank samples in a ratio approximating the volume of
upon completion of lightering.
each tank to the total volume of the grade of cargo loaded.
When the existence of stratified material is known or sus-
17.1.9.4 WATER CUT MEASUREMENT
pected, individual upper, middle, and lower samples may be
Measure the FW during the course of gauging each com- drawn and analyzed to determine the degree of stratification.
partment. Record the type of water-finding paste or device All interested parties should be notified accordingly.
that is used to determine the oil/water interface. Record the Note: On blended cargoes, due to incomplete mixing, sampling lim-
interface and any oil emulsion that is detected. If a sufficient itations and other operational restrictions, vessel tank samples often
quantity of FW is found, take a sample of the water (see API will not be representative of proportional hand-blended samples that
MPMS Chapter 17.3). were tested at the port of loading.
Products with densities heavier than water may need to be Take samples of slops. Keep these slops samples separate
water cut on top of the product. If it proves impossible to take from cargo samples.
a water-cut measurement, then alternative sampling measures In the case of some cargoes, individual tank samples rather
should be taken. than composite samples are required. In these cases it is
If an increase in FW is detected, a Letter of Protest important that each container be flushed with the product
should be issued to the vessels representative and to the before the sample is drawn in order to ensure the cleanliness
loading facility, and all interested parties should be noti- of the sample containers. Care must be taken to assure sam-
fied immediately. ples are handled in a manner that prevents loss of the light
ends. Commingling of samples of different products and/or
17.1.9.5 VESSEL TEMPERATURE grades must be avoided. (Refer to API MPMS Chapter 8.)

Individual compartment temperatures on the vessel should Note: Promptly label each sample with the appropriate tank number
--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
and other pertinent data.
be taken concurrent with ullaging. Single or multilevel tem-
peratures may be required. In the case of heated materials If the presence of FW is found or suspected, at least one
upper, middle and lower temperatures should be taken. Addi- sample should be taken from the compartment floor via a bot-
tional temperatures may be required as outlined in API tom sampler.
MPMS Chapter 17.2. Measurements should be averaged to Note: Tin-plated soldered cans are not appropriate containers for
determine the temperature of each compartment. The PET FW as they may contaminate the sample.
should have a calibrated range of accuracy that meets the
desired temperature range of the material to be checked. 17.1.9.8 SAMPLE HANDLING
CAUTION: Temperatures that are taken at or near heating ele- Sufficient samples should be obtained to meet the require-
ments may distort temperature profiles. ments of interested parties and regulatory agencies. Interested

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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
SECTION 1GUIDELINES FOR MARINE CARGO INSPECTION 11

parties generally specify sampling and testing requirements. Adjustments to transferred quantities based upon line full-
Identical samples should be provided for the following: ness discrepancies are determined by agreement of the inter-
ested parties.
a. The shore terminal.
b. The receiving terminal via the vessel master.
17.1.10.2 TANK MEASUREMENT
c. The independent inspector.
d. All other parties designated to receive the samples. Take closing gauges, temperatures, and water measure-
ments of each tank that is used in the loading operation and
Samples that are placed on board the vessel for delivery to
record the results.
the representative at the discharge port should be sealed and
acknowledged with a receipt signed by the vessels represen-
tative. A copy of the signed receipt should be included in the 17.1.10.3 TANK SAMPLES
inspection report. Take representative tank samples if required after loading
The length of time that samples must be retained should be (see API MPMS Chapter 8.1). Specify the tank locations from
established in a manner that is consistent with the circum- which samples were obtained.
stances, experience, and the policies of the parties involved in
the custody transfer. 17.1.10.4 AUTOMATIC SAMPLER

17.1.9.9 SEA VALVES If an automatic sampler was used, ascertain that the cor-
rect sample volume was obtained (see API MPMS Chapter
Confirm in the presence of the vessels personnel that sea 8.2). Witness the mixing of the contents of the sample
valves and overboard discharge valves are closed and that the receptacle and the withdrawal and, if required, testing of
seals remain intact. If previously sealed valves are not intact, the sample. Report any difficulties that occur with relation
attempt to ascertain why the seals were broken and, if appro- to the in-line sampling procedures.
priate, notify all interested parties. Record the findings in the
inspection report.
17.1.10.5 METERS
17.1.9.10 BUNKER INSPECTION Record the closing meter readings and the meter factor
used. Obtain a completed copy of all meter proving forms and
--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

See 17.1.7.3.12.
meter tickets. If the meter or meters were not proved during
loading, indicate the frequency of prior meter proving and
17.1.9.11 VOLUME CALCULATIONS
obtain a copy of prior relevant meter-proving reports.
Report both the actual ullage as measured and the ullage If manual and/or automatic shore tank measurements were
corrected for trim and list, include the measurement and quan- taken, show a comparison between them and the metered vol-
tity of FW, the GOV, and the temperature for each compart- umes. If volumes cannot be reconciled, recheck meter factors,
ment on the vessel. Calculate the GSV for each tank, using the shore tank measurements, and calculations. Report all results
average temperature for each tank and the supplied density. in the inspection report.
Do not use an average temperature for the entire vessel.
Determine the Total Calculated Volume (TCV) and subtract 17.1.11 Load Port Reconciliation
the OBQ for a comparison with the shore TCV delivered.
17.1.11.1 SHORE AND VESSEL TRANSFERRED
17.1.10 Load Port Inspection after VOLUME CALCULATIONS
Loading See Appendix A.
17.1.10.1 SHORE LINES
17.1.11.2 LOAD PORT VOYAGE ANALYSIS
Verify that all valves are in the proper position and that
seals installed remain intact. Determine the shore-line condi- Compare the shores TCV delivered with the vessels
tion (see API MPMS Chapter 17.6). Report the condition and VEF Corrected TCV received. (TCV received equals GSV
the method used. plus FW minus OBQ.) If the difference is greater than the
Determine the nature and quantities of material in the difference specified by parties to the contract or by stated
shore loading lines prior to obtaining the closing tank policies of those companies, recheck all measurements and
gauges or meter readings. A sample may be taken from the calculations in an attempt to identify the discrepancy. If
lines for this purpose. If the line condition after loading the differences cannot be reconciled, notify the interested
differs from the condition before loading, record, and parties and issue a Notice of Apparent Discrepancy to ves-
notify all interested parties. sel and terminal representatives.

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12 CHAPTER 17MARINE MEASUREMENT

17.1.11.3 BILL OF LADING sage or at the previous port and that may require special vigi-
lance during discharge. Check with shore personnel to ensure
When the Bill of Lading and vessel volumes are compared,
that no special conditions exist on shore that may adversely
any discrepancies among the Gross Standard Volume, Net
affect the discharge activity or measurements. A Letter of
Standard Volume, density, temperatures, and/or any other
Protest should be issued to any party failing to comply with
specification should be investigated and brought to the atten-
recommended procedures.
tion of the appropriate interested parties.
On multigrade vessels, it may be necessary to discharge the
17.1.11.4 QUALITATIVE TESTING vessel in a certain sequence to avoid contamination and to
comply with vessel operational requirements. This should be
The interested parties should specify testing for quality. discussed and the sequence of discharge by grade and/or
Report the types of analytical methods (that is, ASTM, ISO, product should be agreed upon prior to discharge.
or other industry approved test methods) that are used for If any question arises in relation to compatibility or con-
testing. Responsibility for testing rests primarily with the des- tamination, all interested parties should be notified and the
ignated party. Interested parties or their representatives question should be resolved before discharge begins. Con-
should be allowed to conduct the same tests on a duplicate tamination may result in an unsafe condition for the terminal
sample or, alternatively, to witness the testing that the desig- and/or vessel.

--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
nated party performs. Any witnessed deviations from the
The suggested inspection checklist (see Appendix B) or a
specified testing procedures should be recorded; and, reported
similar document should be used.
to all interested parties.

17.1.11.5 TIME LOG 17.1.12.2 SHORE INSPECTION

Report on a Time Log the time and date of the main load- 17.1.12.2.1 Shore Lines and Tanks
ing events. Include the time and description of any unusual
Determine the nature and quantities of material in the
occurrences in the appropriate column of the Time Log.
shorelines up to the vessels flange. When line contents are
questionable or when the possibility of cargo contamination
17.1.11.6 LETTER OF PROTEST
exists, line samples should be tested to verify compatibility
If any problems occur that could affect subsequent proce- with the cargo that will be discharged.
dures at any stage of the transfer, all key persons involved
Note: Line samples may not be representative due to sample location
should be notified promptly so that corrective action can be limitations.
taken. Any action or refusal to act contrary to this procedure
or specific prior contract agreements must be reported to the Determine the shore line fill condition (see API MPMS
persons concerned and may be documented by the issuance Chapter 17.6). Report the condition and the method used.
of a Letter of Protest. Additionally, record and report the total capacity of the shore-
lines used.
17.1.11.7 DISTRIBUTION OF DOCUMENTS It is the terminals responsibility to ensure that all lines and
valves are set in the correct position for the operation. When
Leave a set of all available inspection documents with the
practical, the inspector should confirm these settings and
vessel and terminal.
valves are sealed when appropriate.
17.1.12 Before Discharge When non-dedicated shorelines are used, consider dis-
charge sequences of products flowing through the lines in
17.1.12.1 KEY MEETING order to minimize the potential for contamination caused by
Before discharge begins, one or more meetings should be line-contents displacement. This determination should
held among cargo inspectors, vessel representatives, and include an agreement on how the lines will be displaced and/
shore operation personnel who will be involved in the dis- or how the different product interfaces will be handled.
charge operation. At these meetings, key operational people If the cargo to be discharged requires heat, report whether
are identified, responsibilities are defined, communication the shorelines are insulated and/or heated. The line tempera-
procedures are arranged, and everyone concerned reviews ture should be obtained whenever possible and recorded.
discharge procedures and plans to ensure a full understanding If the shoreline contains material that requires heat, then it
of all activities. should be noted in the inspection report whether the shore-
Check with the vessels representative for reports of any lines are insulated and if they are steam traced, and the line
unusual events that might have occurred during the sea pas- temperature should be recorded.

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


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SECTION 1GUIDELINES FOR MARINE CARGO INSPECTION 13

17.1.12.2.2 Shore Tank Gauges When this situation is determined, extra temperature measure-
ments should be taken. On high-heat cargoes such as asphalt,
17.1.12.2.2.1 Manual Gauges
it may be impossible to obtain representative temperatures
Record the reference height from the tank calibration with the use of cupcase or PETs; it may be necessary to use
tables before gauges and water cuts are taken. Take opening permanently installed temperature measuring devices. The
gauges, temperatures, samples, and water measurements of use of a permanently installed measuring device should be
each tank to be used in the discharge. Any difference between noted in the report, along with when and how the devices
the observed reference height and the reference height shown accuracy was verified.
on the tank calibration tables should be noted and investi-
CAUTION: Temperatures taken at or near heating elements
gated (see API MPMS Chapter 17.2).
may distort temperature profiles.
All gauges should be recorded only after securing three
consecutive readings to be within a range of 3 mm (1/8 in.). If
17.1.12.3.1 Portable Electronic Thermometer
two of the three consecutive readings are identical, this read-
ing shall be reported; to the nearest 1 mm if metric gauge The PET is the preferred equipment for obtaining
tapes are used or to the nearest 1/8 in. if customary gauge temperatures.
tapes are used. If all three readings are used, they should be The PET should have a calibrated range of accuracy that
averaged. If the tank contents are determined to be in motion meets the desired temperature range of the material from
and waiting for equilibrium is not possible, the tank measure- which a temperature is to be taken. For example, a PET with a
ments should be recorded and all parties advised. If the situa- calibrated microchip accurate to 300F/149C is not accept-
tion cannot be resolved, a Letter of Protest should be issued. able for asphalt products that are stored at 350F/177C (see
Record the automatic gauges for purposes of comparison. API MPMS Chapter 7).
In the case of tanks with floating roofs, gauging should be
avoided while the roof is in the critical zone. The placement 17.1.12.3.2 Mercury-in-glass Thermometer
of roof legs in high or low position and the critical zone
Thermometers must remain in the liquid long enough to
should be recorded.
reach the temperature of the liquid that is being measured
The heavy nature of some products may require that an
(see API MPMS Chapter 7). With regard to liquids in which
outage measurement be taken. Products with densities
temperature stratification may occur, the time constraints
heavier than water may need to be water cut on top of the
involved in using a mercury-in-glass thermometer to profile a
product.
tank may necessitate the use of a PET.
Any incrustation that forms on top of the product may pro-
duce inaccuracies in measurement. If this condition exists, all
17.1.12.3.3 Dynamic Temperature Measurement
parties should be notified and the condition should be
recorded. If a temperature probe in the shore line is used to determine
the temperature for the correction of metered quantity loaded,
17.1.12.2.2.2 Automatic Gauges verify and record in the inspection report the last two times
that the probe was checked for accuracy (refer to API MPMS
Automatic gauging systems with accuracy and/or measure-
Chapters 5 and 7).
ment tolerances consistent with API MPMS Chapter 3.1B
may be used for custody transfer by mutual agreement among
17.1.12.3.4 Automatic Temperature System
the interested parties.
If an automatic tank gauging system is used and the read- Automatic temperature systems with accuracy and/or mea-
ings are not verified by manual measurements, record in the surement tolerances consistent with API MPMS Chapter 7
inspection report the last two times that the automatic system may be used for custody transfer by mutual agreement among
and the manual measurements were compared, and if any dif- the interested parties.
ferences were noted. Record on the inspection report that If an automatic temperature system is used and the read-
automatic gauges were used. ings are not verified by manual measurements, record in the
inspection report the last two times that the automatic system
17.1.12.3 SHORE TANK TEMPERATURES and the manual measurements were compared, and if any dif-
ferences were noted. Record on the inspection report that
Temperature determination of cargoes in a shore tank is
automatic temperatures were used.
critical to the custody transfer process. At the time of gauging,
therefore, temperatures should be carefully taken (see API
17.1.12.4 SAMPLING
MPMS Chapter 7). Heavy cargoes, heated cargoes, blended
cargoes, and cargoes in unheated tanks in very cold weather All samples taken must be properly labeled and, if appro-
may tend to have temperature stratification within each tank. priate, sealed. The seal numbers must be recorded.

--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

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14 CHAPTER 17MARINE MEASUREMENT

17.1.12.4.1 Tank Samples accordance with API MPMS Chapters 4, 5 and 12.2; and
reported.
Each shore tank to be used in the discharge should be sam-
If manual and/or automatic shore tank measurements
pled in sufficient quantity to meet the requirements of inter-
are taken, show a comparison with metered volumes. If
ested parties and regulatory agencies. Sample containers must volumes cannot be reconciled, recheck meter factors,
be clean and, in the case of petroleum products, should be shore tank measurements, and calculations. Report all
flushed with product prior to drawing the sample. Sample results in the inspection report.
containers must meet the requirements of API MPMS Chap-
ter 8. Containers that are used for transport and storage of 17.1.12.6 VESSEL INSPECTION
samples must meet appropriate regulatory requirements.
When non-homogeneous products are sampled, upper, 17.1.12.6.1 Vessel Experience Factor
middle and lower spot samples are usually obtained. If strati- Data on previous voyages must be obtained for use in cal-
fication is suspected, it is strongly recommended that samples culating the VEF. (See API/IP Procedure for Calculating Ves-
at additional levels should be taken. sel Experience Factors in Appendix C.) Record any
Specify in the inspection report the tank locations and comments about previous vessel/shore comparisons con-
methods used to obtain samples. The inspection report should tained in the vessels records. The VEF may be used for vol-
also state whether the tank was equipped with mixers, a circu- ume reconciliation.
lating system, or aerators and should note the extent of mix-
ing that was performed on the tank. 17.1.12.6.2 Draft, Trim, and List

17.1.12.4.2 Automatic Sampling Record the draft, trim, and list. When barges have no list or
trim correction tables, refer to API MPMS Chapter 12.1.1.
Automatic sampling is the preferred method of sam-
pling a marine cargo transfer. If an automatic sampling 17.1.12.6.3 Vessel Lines and Tanks
system is installed, it should be proved and operated in
conformance with API MPMS Chapter 8.2. If an automatic Request that the vessel personnel drain the deck lines
into the cargo compartments if possible. Report the trans-
sampler is used, it must be properly set up and clean in
fer of any engine-room slops or other liquids into the cargo
preparation for taking a sample, and a visual inspection of
or slop tanks.
the sample container must be made. Ensure that the grab
rate is correct to collect a sufficient sample to meet The vessels piping system should be inspected prior to dis-
charge to ensure that any seals from the load port are in place.
requirements without overfilling the container. On at least
three occasions during the transfer, observe by non-intru- Product to be discharged must meet contractual quality.
sive means whether the sampler is operating. Observe and Sampling and laboratory analysis shall be used to ensure that
note the starting time for the sampler and the amount of oil quality specifications are met (17.1.7.2.4, 17.1.12.4).
in the sample receiver at the halfway point during dis-
charge and near the completion of discharge. Indicate 17.1.12.6.4 Arrival Gauges
whether the automatic sampler used was flow-proportional Take gauges, water cuts, and temperatures on all cargo
or time proportional. Any deficiencies should be reported. compartments at the reference point indicated on the ves-
sels capacity tables. The report should indicate whether
17.1.12.5 METERS measurements were manual or automatic and whether
tanks on the vessel were inerted during ullaging. Inspect
Terminal operators are responsible for the operation of their for the presence of cargo in non-designated cargo spaces,
meters and meter provers. They are expected to make avail- ballast tanks, cofferdams, and void spaces. If cargo is
able appropriate meter proving data to measurement person- found, measure it in the same manner as the petroleum in
nel. Meter measurement tickets should be provided for each cargo compartments (refer to API MPMS Chapter 17.2)
custody transfer and should include the information required and notify all concerned parties. This procedure should
in API MPMS Chapters 4, 5 and 12.2. Terminal operators or include compartments not intended to be discharged.
inspectors who are aware of meter difficulties that could affect Observed gauge heights should be recorded and compared
accuracy should report the problem immediately to all parties to reference gauge heights. Investigate and report any dis-
involved in the custody transfer. The incident and the resolu- crepancies. In some instances, it is impossible to determine
tion must be recorded in the inspection report. the observed gauge height, water cut, and innage gauge. The
Prior to discharge, record the opening meter readings. It is location of the reference gauge point should be noted in the
recommended that meters be proved during discharge in inspection report.

--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


Reproduced by IHS under license with API
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
SECTION 1GUIDELINES FOR MARINE CARGO INSPECTION 15

Vessel measurements taken through non-slotted stand- 17.1.12.6.8 Vessel Sampling


pipes may be inaccurate as a result of plugging at the base
Take samples from each vessel compartment in such a
of the pipe, capillary action, or pressure differentials.
manner that a composite sample, intended to represent the
Additional measurements may be needed from other loca-
total of each grade of cargo may be prepared for appropriate
tions when this condition exists. Note in the report the
testing (see API MPMS Chapter 8.1). This sample, usually
existence of this condition.
prepared in a laboratory, will be made by combining the ves-
In operations involving lightering, each receiving vessel as sels individual tank samples in a ratio approximating the vol-
well as the delivering vessel should be gauged prior to and ume of each tank to the total volume of the grade of cargo
upon completion of lightering. loaded.
When the existence of stratified material is known or sus-
17.1.12.6.5 Water Cut Measurement pected, individual upper, middle, and lower samples may be
Measure FW in the course of ullaging each compartment. drawn and analyzed to determine the degree of stratification.
Record the type of water-finding paste or device that was All interested parties should be notified accordingly.
used to determine the oil/water interface. Record the interface Note: On blended cargoes, due to incomplete mixing, sampling lim-
and any oil emulsions that are detected. If a sufficient quantity itations and other operational restrictions, vessel tank samples often
of FW is found, take a sample of the water (see API MPMS will not be representative of proportional hand-blended samples that
were tested at the port of loading.
Chapter 17.3).
Products with densities heavier than water may require a Take samples of slops. Keep these slops samples separate
water cut measurement on top of the product. If a water cut from cargo samples.
--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

measurement proves impossible to make, alternative sam- In the case of some cargoes, individual tank samples rather
pling measures should be taken. than composite samples are required. In these cases it is
When FW is detected in certain products whose specifica- important that each container be flushed with the product
tions are sensitive to the presence of FW, the vessel should be before the sample is drawn in order to ensure the cleanliness
given a Letter of Protest on that account and all concerned of the sample containers. Care must be taken to assure sam-
parties should be notified immediately. ples are handled in a manner that prevents loss of the light
ends. Commingling of samples of different products and/or
17.1.12.6.6 Vessel Temperature grades must be avoided (refer to API MPMS Chapter 8).
Note: Promptly label each sample with the appropriate tank number
Individual compartment temperatures on the vessel should and other pertinent data.
be taken concurrent with ullaging. Single or multilevel tem-
peratures may be required. In the case of heated materials If the presence of FW is found or suspected, at least one
upper, middle and lower temperatures should be taken. Addi- sample should be taken from the compartment floor via a bot-
tional temperatures may be required as outlined in API tom sampler.
MPMS Chapter 17.2. Measurements should be averaged to
determine the temperature of each compartment. The PET 17.1.12.6.9 Sample Handling
should have a calibrated range of accuracy that meets the Sufficient samples should be obtained to meet the require-
desired temperature range of the material to be checked. ments of interested parties and regulatory agencies. Interested
parties generally specify sampling and testing requirements.
CAUTION: Temperatures that are taken at or near heating ele-
Identical samples should be provided for the following:
ments may distort temperature profiles.
a. The shore terminal.
17.1.12.6.7 Ballast Tanks b. The independent inspector.
c. All other parties designated to receive the samples.
Inspect ballast tanks and record the quantity of ballast
aboard. Report the presence of any measurable cargo in any Samples placed on board the vessel for delivery to the dis-
ballast tanks and obtain samples if possible. Notify all inter- charge port representative should be delivered according to
ested parties and issue a Letter of Protest, as appropriate. Use the instructions given by interested parties. The samples
the Vessel Ullage/Sounding and Capacity Report to record should be acknowledged by a receipt signed by the party that
these measurements. accepted the loadport samples. The inspection report should
contain a copy of the signed receipt.
Note: If simultaneous ballasting must be performed during dis- The length of time during which samples are to be retained
charging operations, determine the reason from the vessels rep-
resentative and record it in the inspection report. Indicate single/ should be established in a manner that is consistent with the
double valve separations, if any, between the clean/dirty ballast circumstances, experience, and the policies of the parties
and the cargo system. involved in the custody transfer.

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


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16 CHAPTER 17MARINE MEASUREMENT

17.1.12.6.10 Sea Valves ple at the commencement of discharge. These samples should
be taken at, or as close as possible to, the vessels manifold.
Confirm in the presence of the vessels personnel that sea Line samples can be inspected visually, or, in the case of
valves and overboard discharge valves are in the closed posi- products with no obvious signs to observe, prompt laboratory
tion. Ensure that those valves sealed at the loading port testing for agreed specifications may be required. In any case,
remain closed and sealed until the unloading operation is these samples should be taken and retained.
completed. Record and report seal numbers on the Vessel
Ullage/Sounding and Capacity Report. If these numbers dif-
17.1.13.3 METER PROVING
fer from those recorded at the load port, ascertain the reason
for the discrepancy and notify all concerned parties. The meter proving should be monitored, as appropriate, in
accordance with API MPMS Chapters 4, 5, and 12.2; and,
17.1.12.6.11 Bunker Inspection reported.
See 17.1.7.3.12.
17.1.13.4 DISCHARGE PRESSURE
17.1.12.6.12 Volume Calculations Log the discharge pressure and flow rate on the Vessel Dis-
Report both the actual ullage as measured and the ullage charge Record. Indicate the place where the vessels line dis-
corrected for trim and list, include the measurement and charge pressure was measured.
quantity of FW, the GOV, and the temperature for each com-
partment on the vessel. Calculate the GSV for each tank, 17.1.13.5 TIME LOG
using the average temperature for each tank and the supplied
Report on a Time Log the time and date of the main dis-
density. Do not use an average temperature for the entire ves-
charge events. Include the time and description of any unusual
sel. Determine the TCV.
occurrences in the appropriate column of the Time Log.
17.1.12.6.13 In-transit Difference
17.1.14 Vessel Inspection after Discharge
Compare the TCV, GSV and FW at the load port prior to
sailing with the TCV, GSV and FW prior to discharge. If the 17.1.14.1 DRAFT, TRIM, AND LIST
total volume of cargo quantity varies more than the amount
specified by the interested parties, notify the vessels repre- Verify the draft, trim and list, and record.
sentative and recheck the vessel. If the discrepancy remains
after the vessel is rechecked, issue a Letter of Protest to the 17.1.14.2 VESSEL LINES
vessels representative and notify all interested parties.
--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Before measuring the vessel, request that the vessel lines


be drained. Caution should be exercised on multigrade car-
17.1.13 During Discharge
goes in order to avoid commingling the line contents of dif-
ferent products. All internal transfer of cargo should be
17.1.13.1 COMMUNICATIONS
completed and all tank valves should be secured prior to
A reliable means of communication with the shore and gauging. Discharge lines should be vented prior to gauging.
between vessels should be arranged. Vessel, shore, or mea-
surement personnel who notice a problem during any stage of 17.1.14.3 REMAINING ON BOARD
the transfer that could affect subsequent events should MEASUREMENT
promptly notify all key personnel so that timely action can be
taken. Record these events in the inspection report. After discharge lines and deck lines have been drained,
When more than one product and/or grade of product is to determine the amount and nature of any material Remaining
be discharged, close communication must be maintained On Board. Include in-transit cargo that was not discharged,
between personnel on shore and on the vessel in order to non-load-on-top volumes, and material in non-designated
avoid contamination and off-specification material. This is of cargo spaces (refer to API MPMS Chapter 17.2). Describe
special importance when switching from one product and/or material found in the bottom of tanks as liquid material, non-
grade to another. liquid material, or FW. If inspection, measurement, and bot-
tom sampling reveals that any cargo remains on board, con-
17.1.13.2 LINE SAMPLE cerned parties should determine whether further attempts
should be made to pump the remaining quantities ashore. If
Line samples are normally taken for quality control pur- this is not done, report the reasons. A Letter of Protest should
poses. For some products, it is necessary to draw a line sam- be issued if applicable (see also API MPMS Chapter 17.4).

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


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SECTION 1GUIDELINES FOR MARINE CARGO INSPECTION 17

17.1.14.4 REMAINING ON BOARD VOLUME 17.1.14.8 BUNKER INSPECTION


CALCULATIONS
See 17.1.7. 3.12.
The On-board Quantity/Remaining On Board Report is to
be completed after discharge. Determine the ROB quantity as 17.1.14.9 CRUDE OIL WASHING
specified in API MPMS Chapter 17.4.
Indicate on a Time Log when the vessel started and
a. For liquid material and water, use a wedge formula if the stopped the crude oil washing procedure. Indicate in the
liquid does not touch all the bulkheads of the vessels com- inspection report which tanks were washed with crude oil and
partments. Use trim/list corrections if the liquid is in contact the extent of the washing.
with all bulkheads in the compartment.
b. For non-liquid material, multipoint gauging is recom- 17.1.15 Shore Inspection after Discharge
mended to determine if a wedge condition exists. Since the
wedge formula uses a trim factor to determine the quantity, an 17.1.15.1 SHORE LINES AND TANKS
accurate calculation will not be possible without knowing the Determine the shore line fill condition (see API MPMS
trim of the vessel at the time the material solidified. If the Chapter 17.6) prior to taking closing tank gauges or meter
material measured is not a wedge, the average of the multiple readings.
readings should be used for volume determination. However, Determine the nature and quantities of material in the
if only one gauge point is available, the material shall be shorelines prior to obtaining the closing tank gauges or
assumed to be evenly distributed over the tank bottom. meter readings. A sample may be taken from the lines for
Note: For additional information refer to API MPMS Chapter 17.4. this purpose. If the line condition after discharge differs
from the condition before discharge, record, and notify all
All non-load-on-top compartments from the load port interested parties.
should be measured to determine whether any volumes have Adjustments to transferred quantities based upon line
changed. These measurements should be reported and should fullness discrepancies are determined by agreement of the
not be included in the ROB determination. If there is a change interested parties.
in these volumes, ascertain the reason and, if necessary, notify
--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

all interested parties immediately. 17.1.15.2 SHORE TANK MEASUREMENTS

17.1.14.5 REMAINING ON BOARD SAMPLING 17.1.15.2.1 Manual Gauges

When ROB is accessible, samples shall be obtained from Record the reference height from the tank calibration
all compartments containing liquid volume. An attempt tables before gauges and water cuts are taken. Take closing
should also be made to sample nonliquid volumes. Samples gauges, temperatures, samples, and water measurements of
taken should be in sufficient quantity to permit any required each tank used in the discharge. Any difference between the
analysis. Samples shall be taken in accordance with API observed reference height and the reference height shown on
MPMS Chapter 8. the tank calibration tables should be noted and investigated
(see API MPMS Chapters 3.1A and 17.2).
All gauges should be recorded only after securing three
17.1.14.6 REMAINING ON BOARD
consecutive readings to be within a range of 3 mm (1/8 in.) If
TEMPERATURES
two of the three consecutive readings are identical, this read-
Temperatures shall be obtained, recorded and used for ing shall be reported; to the nearest 1 mm if metric gauge
cargo volume correction whenever depth of material is suffi- tapes are used or to the nearest 1/8 in. if customary gauge
cient and the nature of the material permits. If the temperature tapes are used. If all three readings are used, they should be
cannot be measured, the GOV shall be reported as GSV. averaged. If the tank contents are determined to be in motion
Temperature measurements shall be obtained in accor- and waiting for equilibrium is not possible, the tank measure-
dance with API MPMS Chapters 7 and 17.2. ments should be recorded and all parties advised. If the situa-
tion cannot be resolved, a Letter of Protest should be issued.
Record the automatic gauges for purposes of comparison.
17.1.14.7 SEA VALVES
In the case of tanks with floating roofs, gauging should be
Confirm in the presence of vessel personnel that sea valves avoided while the roof is in the critical zone. The placement
and overboard discharge valves are closed and that the seals of roof legs in high or low position and the critical zone
remain intact. If previously installed seals are broken, attempt should be recorded.
to ascertain the reason and, if necessary, notify all interested The heavy nature of some products may require that an
parties. Record the findings in the inspection report. outage measurement be taken. Products with densities

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


Reproduced by IHS under license with API
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18 CHAPTER 17MARINE MEASUREMENT

heavier than water may need to be water cut on top of the ter 8. Containers that are used for transport and storage of
product. samples must meet appropriate regulatory requirements.
Any incrustation that forms on top of the product may When non-homogeneous products are sampled, upper,
produce inaccuracies in measurement. If this condition middle and lower spot samples are usually obtained. If strati-
exists, all parties should be notified and the condition fication is suspected, it is strongly recommended that samples
should be recorded. at additional levels should be taken.
If settling time is required before closing gauges are All concerned parties should be notified if the material is
taken, an insurance or preliminary gauge or gauges should deemed to be stratified, and each party should agree on fur-
be taken and the inlet and outlet valves on each tank ther actions before proceeding.
should be sealed in the closed position. Specify in the inspection report the tank locations and
methods used to obtain samples. The inspection report should
17.1.15.2.2 Automatic Gauges also state whether the tank was equipped with mixers, a circu-
lating system, or aerators and should note the extent of mix-
Automatic gauging systems with accuracy and/or measure- ing that was performed on the tank.
ment tolerances consistent with API MPMS Chapter 3.1B
may be used for custody transfer by mutual agreement among 17.1.15.4.2 AUTOMATIC SAMPLING
the interested parties.
If an automatic tank gauging system is used and the read- If an automatic sampler is used, make certain that the
ings are not verified by manual measurements, record in the correct sample volume was obtained (Refer to API MPMS
inspection report the last two times that the automatic system Chapter 8.2). Witness the mixing of the contents of the
and the manual measurements were compared. Record on the sample receptacle and the withdrawal and testing of the
inspection report that automatic gauges were used. sample. Report any difficulties that occur with in-line sam-
pling procedures.
17.1.15.3 SHORE TANK TEMPERATURES
17.1.15.5 METERS
Temperature determination of cargoes in a shore tank is
critical to the custody transfer process. At the time of gaug- Record the closing meter readings and the meter factor
ing, therefore, temperatures should be carefully taken (see used. Obtain a completed copy of all meter proving forms
API MPMS Chapter 7). Heavy cargoes, heated cargoes, and meter measurement tickets. If the meter or meters
blended cargoes, and cargoes in unheated tanks in very cold were not proved during discharge, indicate the frequency
weather may tend to have temperature stratification within of meter proving and obtain a copy of prior relevant meter
each tank. When this situation is determined, extra tempera- proving reports.
ture measurements should be taken. On high-heat cargoes If manual and/or automatic shore tank measurements
such as asphalt, it may be impossible to obtain representative are taken, show a comparison with metered volumes. If
temperatures with the use of mercury-in-glass or PETs; it volumes cannot be reconciled, recheck meter factors,
may be necessary to use permanently installed temperature shore tank measurements, and calculations. Report all
measuring devices. The use of a permanently installed mea- results in the inspection report.
suring device should be noted in the report, along with when
and how the devices accuracy was verified. 17.1.16 Discharge Port Reconciliation
CAUTION: Temperatures taken at or near heating elements 17.1.16.1 SHORE AND VESSEL TRANSFERRED
may distort temperature profiles. VOLUME CALCULATIONS

17.1.15.4 SAMPLING See Appendix A.

All samples taken must be properly labeled and, if appro- 17.1.16.2 DISCHARGE PORT VOYAGE ANALYSIS
priate, sealed. The seal numbers must be recorded. AND CARGO RECONCILIATION
Complete the Voyage Analysis and Reconciliation Report.
17.1.15.4.1 MANUAL TANK SAMPLING
All relevant data from loadport through discharge port should
Each shore tank that has received cargo should be sampled be assembled, and an analysis should be made to provide an
in sufficient quantity to meet the requirements of interested overall view of the voyage performance. Include on the Voy-
parties and regulatory agencies. Sample containers must be age Analysis Report any relevant comments that may help to
clean and, in the case of petroleum products, should be explain any significant discrepancies. Compare the shore
flushed with product prior to drawing the sample. Sample TCV received (by shore tank or meter) with the vessels TCV
containers must meet the requirements of API MPMS Chap- delivered. (Note that the vessels TCV delivered equals the

--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
SECTION 1GUIDELINES FOR MARINE CARGO INSPECTION 19

vessels TCV on arrival minus the quantity Remaining On ignated party. Interested parties or their representatives
Board [ROB].) If the difference on the same comparison basis should be allowed to conduct the same tests on a duplicate
is greater than the difference specified by parties to the con- sample or, alternatively, to witness the testing that the desig-
tract or by stated policies of those companies after application nated party performs. Any witnessed deviations from the
of the VEF, recheck all measurements and calculations in an specified testing procedures should be recorded; and, reported
attempt to identify the discrepancy. If the differences cannot to all interested parties.
be reconciled, notify the interested parties and issue a notice
of apparent discrepancy to vessel and terminal representatives 17.1.16.4 LETTER OF PROTEST
(refer to API MPMS Chapter 17.5).
If any problems occur that could affect subsequent proce-
dures at any stage of the transfer, all key persons involved
17.1.16.3 QUALITATIVE TESTING
should be notified promptly so that necessary, timely action
The interested parties should specify testing for quality. can be taken. Any action or refusal to act that is not in accor-
Report the types of analytical methods (that is, ASTM, ISO, dance with this procedure or specific prior contract agree-
or other industry approved test methods) that are used for ments will be reported to the persons concerned and may be
testing. Responsibility for testing rests primarily with the des- documented by the issuance of a Letter of Protest.
--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


Reproduced by IHS under license with API
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


Reproduced by IHS under license with API
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
APPENDIX ACUSTODY TRANSFER FLOW CHARTS

Single Tank Calculation

Opening Gauge Closing Gauge For multiple tank movements,


add each tank's delivered or
Total TOV Total received GSV and proceed as
Observed Del/Rec Observed shown.
Volume Volume
For facilities that apply the
--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Minus Free Minus Free vessel's free water to the


Water Water transferred quantity. This
should be applied (subtracted)
immediately prior to the S&W
deduction.

Multiply by CTSh Multiply by CTSh Tank free water on opening and


closing must remain constant.

Plus or Minus Plus or Minus


Floating Roof Adjustment Floating Roof Adjustment

Gross GOV Gross


Observed Del/Rec Observed
Volume Volume
Volume Correction Volume Correction
Factor (CTL) Factor (CTL)
(Multiply) (Multiply)

Gross Gross
Standard Standard
Volume Volume

Total GSV (Volume) Multiply Total GSW (Weight)


(X) by
Delivery/receipt WCF Delivery/receipt

Sediment & Water (CSW)


(Multiply)

Total NSV (Volume) Multiply Total NSW (Weight)


(X) by
Delivery/receipt WCF Delivery/receipt

Figure A.1Custody Transfer Flow ChartShore Tanks with Automatic Sampler

21

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
22 CHAPTER 17MARINE MEASUREMENT

Single Tank Calculation


--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Opening Gauge Closing Gauge For multiple tank movements,


add each tanks delivered or
Total TOV Total received quantity as appropriate.
Observed Del/Rec Observed
Volume Volume

Minus Free Minus Free


Water Water

Multiply by CTSh Multiply by CTSh

Plus or Minus Plus or Minus


Floating Roof Adjustment Floating Roof Adjustment

Gross GOV Gross


Observed Del/Rec Observed
Volume Volume
Volume Correction Volume Correction
Factor (CTL) Factor (CTL)
(Multiply) (Multiply)

Gross GSV Gross


Standard Del/Rec Standard
Volume Volume
Sediment & Water (CSW) Sediment & Water
(Multiply) (Multiply)

Net Standard NSV Net Standard


Volume Del/Rec Volume

Weight Correction Weight Correction


Factor Factor

Net Standard NSW Net Standard


Weight Del/Rec Weight

Figure A.2Custody Transfer Flow ChartShore Tank(s) with Individual Tank Samples
Copyright American Petroleum Institute
Reproduced by IHS under license with API
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
APPENDIX BSAMPLE FORMS

The following sample forms are designed to provide a standard comprehensive format to record and report essential data
obtained during the marine cargo inspection procedure.
The forms are designed to facilitate computation and thereby reduce computational errors and assist in checking for errors. The
training of new measurement personnel is also facilitated through the use of standard forms.
These forms are designed for simple voyage and as such may not be suitable for all contingencies. Measurement personnel may
use other forms and explanations where required to fully document the transfer operation.
Cross-cuts are provided on all suggested forms to accommodate the various systems of measurement.
The following forms are freely offered to all companies to use, with or without company identification logos:
Forms:
Vessel Ullage/Sounding and Capacity Report
Report of Shore Quantity
Metered Quantity Report
Meter Prover Record
Slops Record
On-board Quantity/Remaining On Board Report
Load-on-Top Monitoring Record
Time Log
Vessel Discharge Record
Bunker Inspection Record
Load Port Inspection Checklist
Discharge Port Inspection Checklist
Laboratory Report of Quality
Cargo Quantity Options Certificate
Sample Receipt
Basic Marine Movement Data Sheet
Letters:
Letter of Protest (Shore Facility)
Letter of Protest (Marine Vessel)
Notice of Apparent Discrepancy
--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

23

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS
Reproduced by IHS under license with API
Copyright American Petroleum Institute

24
Vessel Ullage / Sounding and Capacity Report Before After
Load
Discharge
Lighter To FO
Vessel: ____________________
--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Vessel: Port/Terminal: Cargo: Voyage No: Date/Time Gauged:

Free water

API @
Trim/List Total Observed Innage Gross Observed 60F or VCF Gross Standard
Tank Reference Observed Ullage Corrected Volume Ullage Volume Volume Temp. Density @ Table Volume
Number Height Height (ft/m) Ullage ( ____ ) (ft/m) ( ____ ) ( ____ ) (F/C) 15C ( ____ ) ( ____ )

CHAPTER 17MARINE MEASUREMENT


Not for Resale

Capacity of vessel lines ( ______ ) When this form is used for on-board quantity/remaining on board, transfer this number to the OBQ/ROB report.

Gross standard volume (m3/l) Draft forward (ft/m)


Signatures
Gross standard volume ( ______ ) Draft aft (ft/m)
Plus free water List (degrees) P/S
Total calculated volume Sea valve seal numbers: Vessel representative
API gravity 60F / density 15C Port
Percent sediment and water Starboard
Terminal representative
Weight conversion factor (Table ____ ) Overboard port
TCW ( ____ ) tons Overboard starboard
Measurement representative
( ____ ) Indicates unit of volume and/or measurement is to be entered.
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS
Reproduced by IHS under license with API
Copyright American Petroleum Institute

--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Report of Shore Quantity Indicate: Load port Discharge port

Vessel: Port/Terminal: Cargo: Voyage No: Date/Time Prepared:

At load port tank Free water


opening data entered API @
in first row. Total Observed Innage Gross Observed Floating 60F or VCF Gross Standard
Tank At disc port tank Reference Observed Ullage Volume Ullage Volume Volume CTSH Roof Temp. Density @ Table Volume
Number Date Time Height Height (ft/m) ( ____ ) (ft/m) ( ____ ) ( ____ ) Correction Adjustment (F/C) 15C ( ____ ) ( ____ )

Totals this tank

SECTION 1GUIDELINES FOR MARINE CARGO INSPECTION


Totals this tank

Totals this tank

Totals this tank


Not for Resale

Totals this tank

Totals this tank

Totals this tank

Totals this tank

Gross standard volume ( ____ ) Net standard volume (m3/l) Signatures


Free water ( ____ ) Net standard volume ( ____ )
Total calculated volume ( ____ ) Composite (shore/vessel) (API gravity 60F / density 15C)
Percent sediment and water Weight conversion factor (Table ____ ) Terminal representative
Sediment and water ( ____ ) vessel/shore Weight ( ____ )

Measurement representative
( ____ ) Indicates unit of volume and/or measurement is to be entered.

25
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS
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Copyright American Petroleum Institute

26
Date Time
--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

METERED QUANTITY REPORT Load port Discharge port

Port/Terminal Operator Vessel Cargo Voyage No.

1 Meter number
2 Closing meter reading ( _____ )
3 Opening meter reading ( _____ )
4 Indicated volume (line 2 line 3) ( _____ )
5 Meter factor (Note 1)
6 Average stream temperature, ( ) if non-temperature compensated (Note 2)
7 API gravity 60F/density 15C ( _____ )
8 Volume correction factor (Cti) (see Note 2) Table ___________________
9 Average meter pressure, ( _____ ) (volumetric weighted average)
10 Pressure correction factor (Cpi)

CHAPTER 17MARINE MEASUREMENT


Composite For non-temperature compensated meters only (line 5x8x10)
11 correction
factor For temperature compensated meters only (line 5x10)
12 Total calculated volume (line 4x11)
13 Free water (see Note 3)
14 Gross standard volume ( _____ )
15 Sediment and water, percent
Not for Resale

16 Sediment and water, volume ( _____ )


17 Net standard volume (bbl/gal)
18 Net standard volume (m/l)

Summary (as determined by meter facility sampling) Signatures


Total calculated volume ( _____ )
_________________________________________
Free water volume ( _____ ) Terminal representative
Gross standard volume ( _____ )
_________________________________________
Sediment and water, volume percent Measurement representative
Composite gravity 60F (Table _____ )
Notes: 1. Attach to this form copies of meter proving reports showing
Weight conversion factor determination. Reference MPMS Chapter 12.2.
Total calculated weight ( _____ ) 2. Non-temperature compensated meters only.
3. Only to be used with non-inline sampler movement.
Net standard volume (bbl/gal) Total
( _____ ) Units of measurement
Net standard volume (m/l) Total
SECTION 1GUIDELINES FOR MARINE CARGO INSPECTION 27

METER PROVER
REPORT
LOCATION DATE AMBIENT TEMP. REPORT NO.

PREVIOUS REPORT
PROVER DATA FLOW RATE FACTOR DATE
BASE VOLUME AT 60oF/15oC AND 0 psi SIZE WALL bbl/hr.
bbl.

METER DATA

SERIAL NO. METER NO. PULSES/bbl. TEMP. COMP. MANUF. SIZE MODEL

FLOW RATE NON-RESET TOTALIZER

bbl/hr.
CORRECTION FOR
RUN DATA Cts = TEMPERATURE ON STEEL

TEMPERATURE PRESSURE
TOTAL PULSES RUN NO.
PROVER AVG. METER PROVER METER
1

2 CORRECTION FOR
Cps = PRESSURE ON STEEL
3

5
6 CORRECTION FOR
TEMPERATURE ON LIQUID
7 Ct l = TABLE 6 OR TABLE 24
FOR LPGs
8
9

10
CORRECTION FOR
AVG
Cpl = PRESSURE ON LIQUID

LIQUID DATA
API GRAVITY @60F
A
TYPE OR DENSITY @ 15C SPECIFIC GRAVITY @ 60oF R. V. PRESS BATCH/TENDER NO.

FIELD CALCULATIONS
PROVER VOLUME Cts Cps Ct l Cpl = CORRECTED PROVER VOLUME
X X X X
Cts
USE ONLY FOR
NONTEMP.
AVERAGE PULSES PULSES/bbl. GROSS METER VOL. Cpl
= X
COMP. METER
X = CORRECTED METER VOLUME

Cp l COMPOSITE FACTOR
CORRECTED CORRECTED METER FACTOR
PROVER
VOLUME
METER
VOLUME
= X
LIQUID CORR.
FOR PRESS. AT
METERING COND. = USE FOR CONSTANT
PRESSURE APPLICATIONS

REMARKS, REPAIRS, ADJUSTMENTS, ETC.

SIGNATURE DATE COMPANY REPRESENTED

--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

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28 CHAPTER 17MARINE MEASUREMENT

SLOPS RECORD LOADING DISCHARGE

INSTRUCTIONS: This record is for tanks used in the recovery of oily residues from load-on-top operations (prior to loading) and for tanks used in
retaining liquid slops to be pumped ashore at the discharge port. The Slops Record is not used for recording on-board quantities.

VOYAGE NO.

VESSEL PORT/TERMINAL DATE/TIME

TANK NO. TANK NO. TANK NO.

ULLAGE/INNAGE (FT/M)

TRIM (FT/M)

CORRECTED ULLAGE/INNAGE (FT/M)

TOTAL OBSERVED VOLUME ( ________ )

WATER GAUGE (FT/M)

CORRECTED WATER GAUGE (FT/M)

FREE WATER VOLUME ( ________ )

GROSS OBSERVED VOLUME ( _________ )

API GRAVITY/DENSITY OBSERVED

TEMPERATURE (oF/oC)

API GRAVITY 60oF/DENSITY 15oC

VOLUME CORRECTION FACTOR TABLE ( ________ )

GROSS STANDARD VOLUME ( _________ )

WEIGHT CONVERSION FACTOR ( __________ )

--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
GROSS WEIGHT ( _________ ) TONS

PREVIOUS CARGO

PORT LOADED

API GRAVITY 60oF/DENSITY 15oC

n SIGNATURES
VESSEL REPRESENTATIVE TERMINAL REPRESENTATIVE MEASUREMENT REPRESENTATIVE

( _________ ) UNITS

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


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Copyright American Petroleum Institute


INDICATE ROB OBQ page 1 of 2
--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

ONBOARD QUANTITY/REMAINING ON BOARD REPORT


VESSEL PORT/TERMINAL CARGO DATE/TIME MEASUREMENT TAKEN API/DENSITY

GAUGE HT TOTAL
FREE WATER GROSS
TANK INNAGE/ULLAGE (NOTE 3) MATERIAL DESCRIP. GROSS STANDARD
LOCATION OBSERVED INNAGE/ULLAGE OBSERVED TEMP VCF
VOLUME (TABLE ) VOLUME
NUMBER FCAO LIQUID NON- VOLUME VOLUME ( OF/OC)
CORRECTED CORRECTED ( )
UNCORRECTED LIQUID ( ) UNCORRECTED ( )
(W IF WEDGED) (W IF WEDGED) ( )

SECTION 1GUIDELINES FOR MARINE CARGO INSPECTION


Not for Resale

ADDITIONAL SPACE PROVIDED ON REVERSE SIDE OF FORM ( ) IDENTIFY UNIT OF VOLUME AND/OR MEASUREMEN

NOTES: GSV ( )
1. Liquid indicated is free flowing FREE WATER ( ) FORWARD DRAFT ( )
(in the opinion of the measure- SIGNATURES
ment representative) TCV ( ) AFT DRAFT

LIQUID ( ) (Note 1) LIST (DEGREES) P/S VESSEL REPRESENTATIVE


2. If wedged, attach wedge
calculation NONLIQUID ( ) (Notes 1+2) BALLAST TANKS USED THIS VOYAGE

3. F = Forward TERMINAL REPRESENTATIVE


C = Center
A = Aft
O = Other STRIPPED DROPPED
OTHER (EXPLAIN) MEASUREMENT REPRESENTATIVE
TANK NO.
YES NO YES NO
TOP LINES
SAMPLES TAKEN YES NO
BOTTOM LINES
SEA VALVE SEAL NUMBERS
HOSES/ARM
PORT
STARBOARD
OVERBOARD

29
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30
ONBOARD QUANTITY/REMAINING ON BOARD REPORT page 2 of 2

GAUGE HT FREE WATER GROSS


INNAGE/ULLAGE (NOTE 3) MATERIAL DESCRIP. TOTAL TEMP VCF
TANK LOCATION OBSERVED INNAGE/ULLAGE OBSERVED
GROSS STANDARD
NON- VOLUME ( oF/oC) (TABLE ) VOLUME
NUMBER FCAO
UNCOR- CORRECTED LIQUID VOLUME CORRECTED ( )
VOLUME
( )
LIQUID UNCORRECTED ( )
RECTED (W IF WEDGED) ( ) (W IF WEDGED)

CHAPTER 17MARINE MEASUREMENT


Not for Resale

NOTES: ( ) IDENTIFY UNIT OF VOLUME AND/OR MEASUREMENT


1. Liquid indicated is free flowing
(in the opinion of the measurement
representative)

2.If wedged, attach wedge


calculation

3.F = Forward
C = Center
A = Aft
O = Other

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SECTION 1GUIDELINES FOR MARINE CARGO INSPECTION 31

DATE COMPLETED TIME COMPLETED


LOAD-ON-TOP MONITORING RECORD
NOTES:

1. Volume Formulas: b. For ships of less than 150,000 deadweight tons, minimum recovered
a. For ships of 150,000 deadweight tons or more, minimum recovered oil is to be expected as:
oil is to be expected as:
cubic capacity of the ship + (2 x cubic capacity of tanks washed)
cubic capacity of the ship + (3 x cubic capacity of tanks washed) 1000
1000
2. Masters comments are to include his/her reasons for low oil recovery
on this voyage.

PORT LOADING TERMINAL

VESSEL NAME FLAG

SUMMER DEADWEIGHT TONS


g TOTAL CAPACITY OF CARGO TANKS (
g
)

1. LOAD-ON-TOP
--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

WAS A LOAD-ON-TOP PROCEDURE FOLLOWED ON THIS VOYAGE? YES NO

IF NO, STATE REASON

g
NUMBERS TOTAL CAPACITY OF
TANKS WASHED THIS VOYAGE
TANKS WASHED ( g
)

2. SLOP TANK MEASUREMENTS


SLOP TANKS TOTAL OBSERVED
VOLUME
ULLAGE(S) VOLUME ( )
TANK A TANK B TANK A TANK B A+B

1 TOTAL CONTENTS

2 FREE WATER CONTENT

OIL (LINE 1 LINE 2)

3. VOLUMES
WILL EITHER SLOPS TANK BE LOADED WITH CARGO? TANK A YES NO TANK B YES NO

MINIMUM VOLUME OF OIL THAT SHOULD HAVE BEEN RECOVERED UNDER FORMULA
1A OR 1B (SEE NOTE 1) AS APPROPRIATE:
g ( )

g
MEASUREMENT REPRESENTATIVE
SIGNATURE

MASTERS EVALUATION AND COMMENTS (SEE NOTE 2)

g
MASTER
SIGNATURE

( ) UNITS

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32 CHAPTER 17MARINE MEASUREMENT

TIME LOG DISCHARGE LOADING DATE REFERENCE NO.

VESSEL PORT/TERMINAL PRODUCT/CARGO

MONTH DAY HOUR

1. VESSEL ARRIVED

2.

3.

4. DOCKED (GANGWAY IN PLACE)

5. NOTICE OF READINESS TENDERED

6. NOTICE OF READINESS ACCEPTED

7. VESSEL CLEARED BY GOVERNMENTAL OFFICIAL

8. SURVEYOR ON BOARD

9. KEY MEETING HELD

10. VESSEL SURVEY COMPLETED/BEGINNING OF TRANSFER

11. HOSES CONNECTED ( X )


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12. COMMENCED DISCHARGE/TAKING BALLAST

13. FINISHED DISCHARGE/TAKING BALLAST

14. STARTED LOADING/UNLOADING

15. COMPLETED LOADING/UNLOADING

16. HOSES DISCONNECTED

17. ESTIMATED SAILING TIME

18. SURVEY COMPLETED/END OF TRANSFER

19.

20.

21.

22.

AMBIENT TEMPERATURE SEA WATER TEMPERATURE GENERAL WEATHER CONDITIONS

REMARKS:

MEASUREMENT REPRESENTATIVE VESSEL REPRESENTATIVE

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SECTION 1GUIDELINES FOR MARINE CARGO INSPECTION 33

VESSEL DISCHARGE RECORD


(FROM VESSEL/FROM SHORE) REFERENCE NO.

VESSEL PORT BERTH DATE

LOCATION OF GAUGE g SHORE: VESSEL:

NOTE: Pressures are expressed as pounds per square inch gauge unless otherwise stated
TIME VESSEL SHORE RATE VOL. DISCHARGE
PRESSURE PRESSURE BBLS/HR (BBLS/M3) COMMENTS

--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

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34 CHAPTER 17MARINE MEASUREMENT

NOTE: ONE FORM PER GRADE OF BUNKERS


BUNKER INSPECTION REPORT
VESSEL PORT/TERMINAL DATE PREPARED GRADE

n 1. VESSEL HISTORY FROM CHIEF ENGINEER

AVERAGE BUNKER CONSUMPTION/DAY (TONS) ( ) AT SEA IN PORT AT ANCHOR

n 2. BUNKERS LAST PORT OF CALL

g
API GRAVITY
g
SAILING DATE SAILING TIME BUNKERS
ON SAILING ( ) TONS 60oF/DENSITY
15oC

n 3. INSPECTION UPON ARRIVAL DATE: TIME:


LOWER
GROSS EXPLOSIVE GROSS STANDARD
BUNKER ULLAGES API/ FLASH TEMP VCF
OBSERVED LIMIT VOLUME
TANKS ( ) DENSITY POINT LEL ( ) TABLE ( )
VOLUME ( ) ( )
%

TOTAL GROSS STANDARD VOLUME ( )


WEIGHT CONVERSION FACTOR ( )

GROSS STANDARD WEIGHT ( )

n 4. INSPECTION PRIOR TO SAILING DATE: TIME:


GROSS LOWER VCF
BUNKER EXPLOSIVE GROSS STANDARD
ULLAGES OBSERVED API/ FLASH TEMP
TANKS ( )
LIMIT VOLUME
VOLUME ( ) DENSITY POINT LEL ( ) TABLE ( )
% ( )

DID VESSEL BUNKER AT THIS PORT? YES NO TOTAL GROSS STANDARD VOLUME ( )
DID VESSEL BUNKER IN TRANSPORT? YES NO
WEIGHT CONVERSION FACTOR ( )
QUANTITY LOADED ( ) TONS
GROSS STANDARD WEIGHT: GROSS STANDARD WEIGHT ( )

n 5. BUNKER CONSUMPTION
IN PORT TIME PERIOD
OPENING + DATE/TIME
CLOSING DATE/TIME
BUNKERING + ELAPSED DAYS/HOURS
CONSUMPTION + CONSUMPTION PER 24 HOURS

--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

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SECTION 1GUIDELINES FOR MARINE CARGO INSPECTION 35

INSPECTION CHECKLIST VESSEL NAME


LOAD PORT PORT NAME
CARGO(ES)
DATE

If an item listed below was completed in accordance with the procedures, check yes; if not, check
no and explain under the comment section. If an item is not applicable, write NA (not applicable)
next to it.

Note: A completed copy of this checklist should be included with the measurement report.
Item
Action Section Yes No
Number
Before Loading

1. Was a key meeting held with vessel representative 17.1.7.1


and shore representative?
2. Were all shorelines checked and shore tanks gauged? 17.1.7.2.1
17.1.7.2.2
3. Were temperatures taken from all shore tanks? 17.1.7.2.3
4. Was the temperature device checked prior to use? 17.1.7.2.3.1
17.1.7.2.3.2
17.1.7.2.3.3
5. Were all automatic tank gauging and temperature 17.1.7.2.2.2
devices checked? 17.1.7.2.3.4
6. Were all shore tanks sampled? 17.1.7.2.4.1
7. Was an automatic sampler used? 17.1.7.2.4.2
8. Were meters used in loading the vessel? 17.1.7.2.5
9. Were vessel experience factors available on board? 17.1.7.3.1
10. Were draft, trim, and list recorded? 17.1.7.3.2
11. Was vessel completely deballasted? 17.1.7.3.3
12. Were vessel deck lines drained? 17.1.7.3.4
13. Were on-board quantity gauges taken? 17.1.7.3.5
14. Were wedge, trim, or list corrections made? 17.1.7.3.6
15. Were on-board quantity samples taken? 17.1.7.3.7
16. Were slops tanks measured? 17.1.7.3.8
17. Were on-board quantity temperatures taken? 17.1.7.3.9
18. Were sea valves sealed in the closed position? 17.1.7.3.10
19. Was load-on-top procedure followed? 17.1.7.3.11
20. Were bunker quantities verified? 17.1.7.3.12

During Loading

21. Were any difficulties encountered? 17.1.8.1


22. Were line samples drawn? 17.1.8.2
23. Were meters proved? 17.1.8.4

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36 CHAPTER 17MARINE MEASUREMENT

Item
Action Section Yes No
Number
After Loading
24. Were draft, trim, and list recorded? 17.1.9.1
25. Were vessel lines drained to compartments prior to ullaging? 17.1.9.2
26. Were all vessel ullages, temperatures, and water measurements 17.1.9.3
recorded? 17.1.9.4
27. Were temperatures taken in all vessel compartments? 17.1.9.5
28. Were ballast tanks inspected? 17.1.9.6
29. Were samples taken from each vessel compartment? 17.1.9.7
17.1.9.8
30. Were vessel sea valves inspected and confirmed closed? 17.1.9.9
31. Were bunker quantities verified? 17.1.9.10
32. Were vessel volumes recorded and calculated? 17.1.9.11
33. Were all shorelines surveyed and quantities determined? 17.1.10.1
34. Were all closing tank gauges taken? 17.1.10.2
35. Were tank samples taken? 17.1.10.3
36. Were proper automatic sampling and sample mixing performed? 17.1.10.4
37. Were copies of meter tickets and proving reports obtained? 17.1.10.5
38. Was a load port reconciliation made between vessel and shore? 17.1.11.1
39. Was a load port voyage analysis prepared? 17.1.11.2
40. Does the Bill of Lading agree with the vessel measurements? 17.1.11.3
41. Was qualitative testing performed according to directions furnished 17.1.11.4
by interested parties?
42. Was a Time Log maintained? 17.1.11.5
43. Were any Letters of Protest or Notices of Apparent Discrepancy 17.1.11.6
issued during loading?
--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

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SECTION 1GUIDELINES FOR MARINE CARGO INSPECTION 37

INSPECTION CHECK- VESSEL NAME


LIST PORT NAME
CARGO(ES)
DISCHARGE PORT
DATE

If an item listed below was completed in accordance with the procedures, check yes; if not, check
no and explain under the comment section. If an item is not applicable, write NA (not applicable)
next to it.

Note: A completed copy of this checklist should be included with the measurement report.
Item
Number Action Section Yes No

Before Discharge
1. Was a key meeting held with vessel representative 17.1.12.1
and shore representative?
2. Were all shorelines checked and shore tanks gauged? 17.1.12.2.1
17.1.12.2.2
3. Were temperatures taken in all shore receipt tanks? 17.1.12.3
4. Was the temperature device checked prior to use? 17.1.12.3.1
17.1.12.3.2
17.1.12.3.3
5. Were all automatic tank gauging and temperature 17.1.12.2.2
devices checked? 17.1.12.3.4
6. Were all shore tanks sampled? 17.1.12.4.1

--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
7. Was an automatic sampler used? 17.1.12.4.2
8. Were meters used in discharging the vessel? 17.1.12.5
9. Was vessel experience factor data available from the vessel 17.1.12.6.1
representative?
10. Were draft, trim, and list recorded? 17.1.12.6.2
11. Were vessel lines drained into the cargo compartments? 17.1.12.6.3
12. Were all arrival ullages, temperatures, and water measurements 17.1.12.6.4
taken on the vessel? 17.1.12.6.5
17.1.12.6.6
13. Were all ballast tanks checked? 17.1.12.6.7
14. Were vessel samples taken from each compartment? 17.1.12.6.8
15. Were load port samples collected from the vessel and a 17.1.12.6.9
receipt issued?
16. Were sea valves found to be intact and seal numbers recorded? 17.1.12.6.10
17. Were bunker quantities verified? 17.1.12.6.11
18. Were volume calculations completed before discharge began? 17.1.12.6.12
19. Was an in-transit difference determined? 17.1.12.6.13
During Discharge

20. Were any unusual problems encountered? 17.1.13.1


21. Was a line sample taken? 17.1.13.2
22. Were meters proved? 17.1.13.3
23. Was a Vessel Discharge Record prepared? 17.1.13.4
24. Was a Time Log prepared? 17.1.13.5

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38 CHAPTER 17MARINE MEASUREMENT

Item
Action Section Yes No
Number
After Discharge
25. Were draft, trim, and list recorded? 17.1.14.1
26. Were all vessel deck lines checked for remaining cargo? 17.1.14.2
27. Were remaining on board gauges taken? 17.1.14.3
28. Was quantity remaining on board measured at a different point 17.1.14.4
than the ullage?
29. Were wedge, trim, or list corrections used? 17.1.14.4
30. Was an On-Board Quantity/Remaining On Board Report completed? 17.1.14.4
31. Was a sample taken of the material remaining on board? 17.1.14.5
32. Were temperatures available for quantities remaining on board? 17.1.14.6
33. Were sea valves intact from load port? 17.1.14.7
34. Were bunker quantities verified? 17.1.14.8
35. Was crude oil washing carried out? 17.1.14.9
36. Were shore lines inspected to determine quantity? 17.1.15.1
37. Were all shore tank gauges taken? 17.1.15.2
38. Were tank samples taken from shore tanks? 17.1.15.4
39. Were proper automatic sampling and sample mixing performed? 17.1.15.4.2
40. Were copies of meter tickets and proving reports obtained? 17.1.15.5
41. Was a discharge port voyage analysis made? 17.1.16.2
42. Was a vessel experience factor used for volume reconciliation? 17.1.16.2
43. Were all laboratory tests performed and witnessed by qualified 17.1.16.3
personnel?
44. Were any Letters of Protest or Notices of Apparent Discrepancy 17.1.16.4
issued?

--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

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SECTION 1GUIDELINES FOR MARINE CARGO INSPECTION 39

DATE:
OUR LAB NO.
LABORATORY REPORT OF QUALITY OUR JOB NO.
CLIENT REF. NO.

GRADE

VESSEL

TERMINAL

SAMPLE FROM:

SAMPLE SUBMITTED BY:

ANALYSIS PERFORMED BY:

The above laboratory sample was examined and the following results obtained in our laboratory:

TEST METHOD RESULTS

AUTHORIZED SIGNATURE

--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

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40 CHAPTER 17MARINE MEASUREMENT
VESSEL REQUIRED
DATE:
CARGO QUANTITY OPTIONS CERTIFICATE

VESSELS OFFICER:
INSPECTOR:
SHORE ORDER
CARGO QUANTITY

VESSEL REQUIREMENT ESTABLISHED BY VESSELS OFFICER.


TERMINAL:
PORT:

PRODUCT
VESSEL:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.
--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
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SECTION 1GUIDELINES FOR MARINE CARGO INSPECTION 41

SAMPLE RECEIPT
VESSEL PRODUCT/CARGO PORT/TERMINAL DATE
--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

SIZE OF SAMPLE SEAL NUMBER DESCRIPTION


1.

2.

3.
4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.
17.

18.
COMMENTS:

RECEIVED BY: RECEIVED FROM:


Signature: Signature:

Print Name: Print Name:

Company/Vessel: Company/Vessel:

Date: Date:

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42 CHAPTER 17MARINE MEASUREMENT

TELEX ADDRESS:
BASIC MARINE MOVEMENT
Telex
DATA SHEET
Answer
Attention

Line Line Description Line Data

A Vessel identification
B Cargo identification (prepare a separate sheet for each cargo)
C Origin: Port identification
D Origin: Month, day, year, hour, minute of last hose disconnect
E Destination: Port identification
F Destination: Month, day, year, hour, minute of last hose
disconnect
G Origin: Bill of Lading, gross standard volume (GSV), 60oF, in
whole barrels (see Note 1)

--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
H Origin: Bill of Lading, net standard volume (NSV), 60oF, in whole
barrels (see Note 2)
I Origin: Bill of Lading, Certificate of Quality, API Gravity at 60oF
J Origin: Bill of Lading, Certificate of Quality, suspended sediment
and water (S&W), volume percent
K Origin: Marine vessel, before loading, on-board quantity (OBQ) (L)
in all compartments, in whole barrels (see Note 3) (S)
L Origin: Marine vessel, before loading, free water volume in
compartments to be loaded, in whole barrels (see Note 4)
M Origin: Marine vessel, after loading, gross standard volume
(GSV), 60oF, of compartments loaded, in whole barrels (see Note 5)
N Origin: Marine vessel, after loading, free water volume in
compartments loaded, in whole barrels (see Note 4)
O Origin: Was automatic line sampler used?
P Destination: Marine vessel, before discharge, gross standard
volume (GSV), 60oF, of compartments to be discharged, in whole
barrels (see Note 5)
Q Destination: Marine vessel, before discharge, free water volume in
compartments to be discharged, in whole barrels (see Note 4)
R Destination: Marine vessel, after discharge, cargo quantity (L)
remaining on board (ROB) in compartments discharged, in whole (S)
barrels (see Note 3)
S Destination: Marine vessel, after discharge, free water volume
remaining in compartments discharged, in whole barrels (see Note 4)
T Destination: Shore receipt, total calculated volume (TCV), 60 oF, in
whole barrels (see Note 6)
U Destination: Shore receipt, gross standard volume (GSV), 60oF, in
whole barrels
V Destination: Shore receipt, net standard volume (NSV), 60oF, in
whole barrels
W Destination: Was automatic line sampler used?
X Destination: Inspectors report, suspended sediment and water
(S&W), volume percent

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SECTION 1GUIDELINES FOR MARINE CARGO INSPECTION 43

Notes:
1. GSV, 60F, is defined as that volume at 60F noted on the Bill of Lading that does not contain FW but does contain suspended
S&W.
2. Net Standard Volume (NSV), 60F, is defined as the GSV, 60F, (see Note 1), corrected for the percentage of suspended S&W
that was reported in the laboratory report.
3. Nonliquid retains reported as solid retains shall have their measured volumes reported as volumes at 60F. If there is liquid
cargo, but of insufficient quantity for API gravity or temperature determinations, then this liquid volume shall also be assumed to be
volume at 60F. If there is sufficient liquid cargo for both API gravity and temperature data, then the 60F volumes will be based on
that data. If OBQ or material ROB is liquid or solid (Lines K and R), indicate by including the word liquid or solid after the quantity
listed.
4. Measured FW shall be recorded as volume uncorrected for temperature.
5. GSV, 60F, in the cargo compartments of a marine vessel shall be obtained by subtracting any measured FW from the total
observed volume in the compartment, then correcting that compartment volume to 60F volume using the average temperature of
the liquid within that compartment and the API gravity, 60F, found on the original Certificate of Quality associated with the Bill of
Lading. The summation of all compartments involving the specific cargo will be reported.
6. TCV, 60F, is defined as the GOV corrected by the appropriate volume correction factor for the observed temperature and API
gravity to the standard temperature (60F) plus FW (GSV + FW).
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44 CHAPTER 17MARINE MEASUREMENT

LETTER OF PROTEST
(Duplicate to be signed and returned)
Shore Facility

Date

Address
To the Port Representative of

In the Port of

Dear Sir or Madam:

On behalf of , we hereby notify you that on day of ,


at (a.m. or p.m.), the above named port caused (describe nature of the occurrence)

at

in the city (or town) of

Accordingly, we are holding your port, the owners, operators, and other interested parties responsible for
the loss and damage thereby sustained, as well as any consequential loss and damage arising therefrom.

Will you kindly acknowledge receipt on the copy thereof and return it to us. The signatures thus obtained
are for receipt only and in no way acknowledge responsibility for the incident.

Please direct any written correspondence on this matter to:

Receipt acknowledged:

Very truly yours, (owner, agent, other)

By
cc: Port agent, owner, representative, or
Title operator (if different from owner)
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SECTION 1GUIDELINES FOR MARINE CARGO INSPECTION 45

LETTER OF PROTEST
(Duplicate to be signed and returned)
Marine Vessel

Date

Address
To the Master of SS

In the Port of
(or designate the agents, owners representative, owner, or operator)

Dear Sir or Madam:

On behalf of , we hereby notify you that on day of ,


at (a.m. or p.m.), the above named port caused (describe nature of the occurrence)

--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
at

in the city (or town) of

Accordingly, we are holding your vessel, her owners, charterers, operators, and other interested parties
responsible for the loss and damage thereby sustained, as well as any consequential loss and damage
arising therefrom.

Will you kindly acknowledge receipt on the copy thereof and return it to us. The signatures thus obtained
are for receipt only and in no way acknowledge responsibility for the incident.

Very truly yours,

By
Receipt acknowledged:
Title

(master, agent, or other)

cc: Vessel agent, owner, representative, or


operator (if different from owner)

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46 CHAPTER 17MARINE MEASUREMENT

NOTICE OF APPARENT DISCREPANCY


(Duplicate to be signed and returned)

Date

Address
To

In the Port of

Dear Sir or Madam:

On behalf of , we hereby notify you that on day of ,


at (a.m. or p.m.), the above named terminal caused (describe nature of the occurrence)

at

in the city (or town) of

Accordingly, you are hereby notified that further investigation is intended to resolve this discrepancy.

Will you kindly acknowledge receipt on the copy thereof and return it to us. The signatures thus obtained
are for receipt only and in no way acknowledge responsibility for the incident.

Very truly yours,


By
Receipt acknowledged:
--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Title
(shore representative)

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APPENDIX CPROCEDURE FOR CALCULATING VESSEL
EXPERIENCE FACTORS (VEF)

C.1 Introduction Voyages when the VLR or VDR is not within 0.3% of
the ratio of the totals of vessel and shore quantities, for
For a particular vessel, an approximately constant ratio all the voyages under consideration.
can be established between the quantity of oil measured on Method 2:
board the vessel and the corresponding measurement by a
Employs rigorous statistical methods for establishing
shore terminal.
the reliability of individual load (or discharge) ratios
As a vessel comprises several tanks, the random errors and for estimating the confidence limits (probability =
associated with ullage and temperature measurements are 95%) for the range of acceptable values.
minimized and give an excellent overall repeatability. How-
ever, as the accuracy of the ships calibration tables can vary
C.3 Calculation of Vessel Experience
from 2% to + 2%, it is necessary to use a ratio, called Vessel
FactorLoading
Load Ratio (VLR) or Vessel Discharge Ratio (VDR), which
is the quantity received and measured in the ship divided by Note: The calculation of the Vessel Experience FactorDis-
the Bill of Lading or Outturn Quantity respectively. The mean chargeproceeds in a like manner.
of the VLR or VDR over several voyages is called the Vessel Method 1
Experience Factor (VEFL or VEFD). Using a Sequential Voyage Log/VEF Calculation Form
Consequently, in order to monitor the accuracy of Bill of (see Figures C-1 and C-2 for examples).
Lading or Outturn Quantities, it is possible to use vessel Step (a) List on the voyage data. (For this purpose, columns
quantity for comparative purposes. 1 to 9 are used.) Only those voyages which are not
This appendix provides to alternative methods for cal- disqualified with respect to exclusions in C.2
culating Vessel Experience Factors: should be listed.

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Method 1 is for use in the field and provides a simple Step (b) Calculate Total Vessel Quantity and Total Shore
technique to monitor Bill of Lading or Outturn figures. Quantity from the individual voyage quantities in
Method 2 should be used when the highest mathemati- columns 7 and 8.
cal precision is required. Step (c) Calculate Average Vessel/Shore Ratio from the
total quantities recorded in columns 7 and 8.
The parties involved should agree on the method to be
used. Step (d) Calculate individual VLRs for each voyage and
record in column 10.
Step (e) Check whether VLRs qualifyY/N (column 11)
C.2 Data Qualification/Rejection {VLRs outside 0.3% from Average Vessel/
The greater the number of sets of data which are included, Shore Ratio determined in Step (c) do not qualify.}
the greater will be the confidence in the VEF established. Step (f) Transfer qualifying voyage number from column
In practice, an adequate level of confidence will be 11 to column 12 and record their corresponding
achieved when the final VEF calculation is based on data vessel and shore quantities from columns 7 and 8
from a specified minimum number of qualified voyages. into columns 13 and 14.
Using Method 1, data from a minimum of FIVE qualified Step (g) Calculate total vessel and shore quantity (columns
voyages is needed to calculate a VEF; however, a larger num- 13 and 14).
ber is desirable. Using Method 2, data from a minimum of Step (h) Divide total quantity by total shore quantity.
TEN qualified voyages is needed to calculate a VEH with the Step (i) Calculate to five decimal places and report to four
greatest accuracy. decimal places the VEF = VEFL established in
Because on occasions, the available data can give rise to Step (h).
nontypical VLRs or VDRs or because essential information is Use this VEF to monitor the Bill of Lading or Outturn Fig-
missing, both calculation methods employ techniques to ure. Agreed limits may be applied to monitor the Bill of Lad-
ascertain the validity of a particular VLR or VDR before ing or Outturn.
inclusion as a qualified voyage in the VEF calculation. Method 2
Method 1 excludes: In this method, only Vessel Load Ratios, which are statisti-
Voyages where shore measurements were not available. cally significant at the 95% probability level. are included in
Voyages prior to structural modifications which the calculation of the VEF.
affected the vessels cargo capacity. The calculation routine is as follows:
47

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48 CHAPTER 17MARINE MEASUREMENT

Step (a) Let there be n admissible VLRs. List these in (i) The mean, r, of the N VLRs where:
ascending order and label r1 to rn.
Step (b) Establish whether or not r1 or rn are statically sig- n=1
r = -------------
nificant at the 95% probability level. To do this: N
(i) Calculate the terms RL and RH, according to the follow- (ii) The standard deviation (d) of the N VLRs about the
ing formula: mean, where:
For n = 3 to 7 inclusive
N

rn r1
R L = -------------
r2 r1
rn rn 1
- and R H = -------------------
rn r1
d = (r n r )2
n=1
-------------
For n = 8 to 10 inclusive N1

r2 r1 rn rn 1 Step (e) Report, (to four decimal places):


R L = -------------------and R H = -------------------
rn 1 r1 rn r2 The VEF = r established in Step (d)(i)
95% probability limits of the VEF,
For n = 11 to 13 inclusive = r t95, n 1d
r3 r1 rn rn 2 where t95 is the students t distribution value at the 95%
R L = -------------------and R H = -------------------
rn 1 r1 rn r2 probability level corresponding to N 1 degrees of freedom
(see Table C-2) and d is the standard deviation established in
For n = 14 to 25 inclusive Step (d)(ii).
r3 r1 rn rn 2 If for the voyage being monitored, the VLR (or VDR) lies
R L = -------------------and R H = ------------------- with thin 95% probability limits, then the Bill of Landing (or
rn 2 r1 rn r3
Outturn) can be considered to be valid. If the VLR (or VDR)
(ii) Compare values of RL and RH with the critical value is outside these limits, then these could be indicative of an
corresponding to the value of n shown in Table C1. error in the Bill of Lading (or Outturn).
(iii) Delete r1 and rn if the value of RL and RH are respec-
Note: The Sequential Voyage Log and Calculations Form can also be
tively greater than the critical value as determined in (ii). used in Method 2 for recording purposes, using columns 1 to 10.
Step (c) If as a result of Step (b) any VLRs have been The VLRs obtained and recorded in column 10 can then be used to
deleted, re-label the remaining VLRs as r1 to rn. commence Method 2 Calculation at Step (a). If desired, column 11
Repeat Step (b) until no more VLRs are deleted. can be used to identify the ascending order numbering of VLRs, r1
to rn.
Step (d) Let there be N remaining VLRs, labelled r1 to rn.
Example of Calculation by Method 2

--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
Step (a) List VLRs in ascending order and label r1 to r10:
Table C-1Critical Values at the 95% Probability Level
n Critical Value n Critical Value Voyage Number VLR Label
3 0.941 14 0.546 9 0.9975 r1
10 0.9985 r2
4 0.765 15 0.525
8 0.9990 r3
5 0.642 16 0.507 1 0.9998 r4
6 0.560 17 0.490 7 1.0008 r5
7 0.507 18 0.475 3 1.0010 r6
8 0.554 19 0.462 5 1.0022 r7
9 0.512 20 0.450 4 1.0027 r8
10 0.477 21 0.440 6 1.0054 r9
2 1.0120 r10
11 0.576 22 0.430
12 0.546 23 0.421
13 0.521 24 0.413 Step (b) (i) Since the number of VLRs is 10, calculate RL and
25 0.406 RH for n = 10.
r 2 r 1 0.9985 0.9975 0.0010
Calculate: N R L = -------------
- = -------------------------------------- = ---------------- = 0.127
r 9 r 1 1.0054 0.9975 0.0079
r n
r 10 r 9 1.0120 1.0054 0.0066
R H = ---------------
- = -------------------------------------- = ---------------- = 0.489
r 10 r 2 1.0120 0.9985 0.0135

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SECTION 1GUIDELINES FOR MARINE CARGO INSPECTION 49

Table C2Students t95 Distribution Values at the 95% Probability Level


Degrees of Freedom t95 Degrees of Freedom t95 Degrees of Freedom t95
1 12.705 14 2.145 27 2.052
2 4.303 15 2.131 28 2.048
3 3.182 16 2.120 29 2.045
4 2.776 17 2.110 30 2.042
5 2.571 18 2.101 40 2.021
6 2.447 19 2.093 60 2.000

--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
7 2.365 20 2.086 120 1.980
8 2.306 21 2.080 >120 1.960
9 2.262 22 2.074
10 2.228 23 2.069
11 2.201 24 2.064
12 2.179 25 2.060
13 2.160 26 2.056

(ii) The standard deviation (d) of the 9 VLRs about the


(ii) Compare RL = 0.127 and RH = 0.489 with the critical mean
value at the 95% probability level corresponding to n = 10
shown in Table C1, i.e., 0.477. 9
(iii) As RL = 0.127 is less than the critical value of 0.477,
do not delete r1.
d = (r r )n
2

n=1
As RH = 0.489 is greater than the critical value of 0.477, ------------- = 0.0024
8
delete r10.
Step (c) Re-label the remaining ratios r1 to r9. Repeat Step Step (e) Report (to four decimal places):
(b) and confirm that in this example, no more VLRs The VEF = r established in Step (d)(i) = 1.008.
have been deleted. 95% probability limits of the VEF:
Step (d) N, the number of remaining VLRs, equals 9. = r t95,n-1d established in Step (d) (ii)
Calculate: = 1.0008 0.0024
9
r n
= 1.0008 0.0055
= 0.9953 and 1.0063
The mean, r, of the 9VLRs = n=1
------------- = 1.0008
9
C.4 Application of VEF
The application of VEF in a commercial situation is solely
at the discretion of the commercial parties involved.

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


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Copyright American Petroleum Institute

50
Vessel Experience Factor
Sequential Voyage Log and Calculation --`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Vessel _____________________ Load/Discharge


Date ______________________

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
BBLS/MO/MT VCF Load/Discharge Qual. BBLS/M3/MT
Vessel Shore Table Vessel Ratio Voy.? Qualified
Cargo Sailing or OBQ or Load or Used (Vessel TCV (Y/N) Voyage
Voyage Description Terminal Date TCV Minus TCV TCV + Shore TCV) ++ No. Vessel TCV Shore TCV
Arrival ROB = Discharge
Last
cargo

2nd
3rd
4th
5th
6th

CHAPTER 17MARINE MEASUREMENT


7th
8th
9th
10th
11th
Not for Resale

12th
13th
14th
15th
16th
17th
18th
19th
20th Totals

Notes: List last voyage first. Totals + Volume correction Total vessel TCV
factor table used Total shore TCV

Use same units for all entries. Average TCV ratio
Cross out either load or discharge and other inapplicable title information. ++ Does voyage qualify? (yes/no)
The average TCV ratio is equal to total vessel TCV divided by total shore TCV.
Experience Factor (VEF)
Do not include both load and discharge information on the same sequential voyage log.
(4 decimal places)
This form should be prepared using data taken from the Voyage Analysis Report, if available.

Figure C-1Vessel Experience Factor Sequential Voyage Log and Calculation


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Copyright American Petroleum Institute

Vessel Experience Factor


Sequential Voyage Log and Calculation
Consensus
Vessel _____________________ Load/Discharge
1/12/86
Date ______________________

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
BBLS/MO/MT VCF Load/Discharge Qual. BBLS/M3/MT
Vessel Shore Table Vessel Ratio Voy.? Qualified
Cargo Sailing or OBQ or Load or used (Vessel TCV (Y/N) Voyage
Voyage Description Terminal Date Arrival TCV Minus ROB = Discharge TCV TCV + Shore TCV) ++ No. Vessel TCV Shore TCV
Last
cargo Arab Med Ras Tanura 30/10/86 849942 1340 849602 845100 6A 1.00414 N
2nd Laguna Puerto Mirandia 10/09/86 496830 650 496180 495200 6A 1.00918 Y 2nd Last 496180 495200
--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

3rd Maya Pajaritos 20/08/86 Not Available 6A N


4th Ninian Sullom VCE 26/07/86 903814 910 902904 901350 6A 1.00172 Y 4th Last 902904 901350

SECTION 1GUIDELINES FOR MARINE CARGO INSPECTION


5th Belayim Wadi Feran 21/05/86 877836 846 876989 877473 6A 0.99945 Y 5th Last 876989 877473
6th Gamba Gamba 28/03/86 853315 321 852994 851625 6A 1.00161 Y 6th Last 852994 851625
7th Flotta Flotta 15/01/86 605552 732 604820 606981 6A 0.99643 N
8th Forties Hound Point 11/12/85 706178 415 705763 705692 6A 1.00010 Y 8th Last 705763 705692
9th Mandji Caplopez 30/09/85 855904 694 855210 825941 6A 1.00266 Y 9th Last 855210 852941
10th Arjuna Arjuna 28/07/85 882692 1192 881500 880427 6A 1.00121 Y 10th Last 881500 880427
Not for Resale

11th Khafji Ras Al Khafji 15/05/85 689138 417 688721 689314 6A 0.99914 Y 11th Last 688721 689314
12th Oriente Balao 01/04/85 652438 346 652092 650748 6A 1.00207 Y 12th Last 652092 650748
13th Cabinda Malongo 26/02/85 872891 738 872153 871387 6A 1.00088 Y 13th Last 872153 871387
14th Minas Dumai 01/30/85 Not Available N
15th Vessel in dry dock 4/1 15/1/85 for below deck piping changes
16th
17th
18th
19th
20th Totals 7784506 7776157

Notes: List last voyage first. Totals 9237928 9228238 + Volume correction Total vessel TCV 1.00107
factor table used Total shore TCV

Use same units for all entries.
Cross out either load or discharge and other inapplicable title information. Average TCV ratio 1.00105
++ Does voyage qualify? (yes/no)
The average TCV ratio is equal to total vessel TCV divided by total shore TCV.
Experience Factor (VEF) 1.0011
Do not include both load and discharge information on the same sequential voyage log.
(4 decimal places)
This form should be prepared using data taken from the Voyage Analysis Report, if available.

Figure C-2Vessel Experience Factor Sequential Voyage Log and Calculation

51
--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


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Date of Issue: June 2005
Affected Publication: API MPMS Chapter 17.1, Marine Measurement
Guidelines for Marine Cargo Inspection, Fourth Edition, November 2001

ERRATA

Page 47, Section C.3, Step (e), change:


0.03%
to:
0.3%
to read:
Check whether VLRs qualifyY/N (column 11) {VLRs outside 0.3%
from Average Vessel/Shore Ratio determined in Step (c) do not qualify.}

--`,,`,`,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

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