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SINE LAW & COSINE LAW (revised)

3rd side: 2 sides & included angle (cosine law) C

b a
c = a2 + b 2 2ab cos C c?

3rd side: 2 sides & not included angle (cosine law)


MODE[5][3]: [1]c 2 + [2a cos B]c + [b2 a2 ] = 0 b a

2 sides: 2 angles & included side (sine law) c? B

sin A sin B
a=c ;b = c b? a?
sin(A + B) sin(A + B)
A c B
3 angles: 3 sides (cosine law) Sides Name Sides Name
2 2 2 C? Triangle Heptadecagon
a +b c 3
(Trigon)
17
(Heptakaidecago)
C = cos 1 ( ) b a
2ab c Quadrilateral Octadecagon
4 18
(Tetragon) (Octakaidecagon)
2 angles: 2 sides & included angle (both law) C
Enneadecagon
a sin C b sin C b a
5 Pentagon 19
(Enneakaidecagon)
A = tan1 ( ) ; B = tan1 ( )
b a cos C a b cos C A? B? 6 Hexagon 20 Icosagon
7 Heptagon 30 Triacontagon
8 Octagon 40 Tetracontagon
AREA OF TRIANGLE Nonagon
9 50 Pentacontagon
Base Height Formula: base & height (Enneagon)
1 10 Decagon 60 Hexacontagon
A = bh Undecagon
2 11 70 Heptacontagon
(Hendecagon)
Height: base & 2 angles h
12 Dodecagon 80 Octacontagon
sin sin
b Tridecagon
h=b 13
(Triskaidecagon)
90 Enneacontagon
sin( + )
Tetradecagon
Scissors Formula: 2 sides & included angle 14 100 Hectogon
(Tetrakaidecagon)
1 Pentadecagon
A = ab sin a 15 1000 Chiliagon
2 (Pentakaidecagon)
Herons Formula: 3 sides b
16
Hexagon
10000 Myriagon
(Hexakaidecagon)
A = S(S a)(S b)(S c)
Semi-Perimeter:
a c
1
S = (a + b + c) b
2

ARITHMETIC PROGRESSION
an = a1 + (n 1)d
MODE[3][2] x for n , y for term
SHIFT[1][5] term x for n of a term
n y for nth term
Common Difference
d = a2 a1 = an an1
ARITHMETIC SERIES
n n
Sn = (a + an ) or [2a1 + (n 1)d]
2 1 2
ARITHMETIC MEAN OF n TERMS
x
xA.P. =
n
m ARITHMETIC MEANS OF 2 TERMS
ax , ax + d, ax + 2d, , an
an ax
where: d = (n1)
n= m+2

GEOMETRIC PROGRESSION
an = a1 r n1
MODE[3][6] x for n , y for term
SHIFT[1][5] term x for n of a term
n y for nth term
Common Ratio
a2 an
r= =
a1 an1
GEOMETRIC SERIES
a1 (1 r n )
Sn =
1r
INFINITE GEOMETRIC SERIES
a1
Sn =
1r
GEOMETRIC MEAN OF n TERMS
n
xG.P. = abcde
m GEOMETRIC MEANS OF 2 TERMS
ax , ax r, ax r 2, , an
n1 an
where: r = a
x

n= m+2

HARMONIC PROGRESSION
HARMONIC MEAN