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# RapidTables Custom Search

## Home Math Math symbols Math symbols

Mathematical Symbols
List of all mathematical symbols and signs - meaning and examples.

Basic math symbols

Geometry symbols

Algebra symbols

Logic symbols

Number symbols
2.5K 4.2K
Greek symbols

## Symbol Symbol Name Meaning / definition Algebra symbols

Geometry symbols
= equals sign equality
Statistical symbols
Logic symbols
approximately equal approximation
Set symbols
> strict inequality greater than Calculus symbols

## < strict inequality less than Number symbols

Greek symbols
inequality greater than or equal to
Roman numerals
inequality less than or equal to

## calculate expression inside RAPID TABLES

() parentheses
first
calculate expression inside Recommend Site
[] brackets
first
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+ plus sign addition

## minus sign subtraction

2.5K 4.2K
both plus and minus
plus - minus
operations
both minus and plus
minus - plus
operations

* asterisk multiplication

## times sign multiplication

times sign multiplication

## mod modulo remainder calculation

decimal point, decimal
. period
separator

ab power exponent

## a^b caret exponent

a square root a a = a

3
a cube root 3
a 3a 3a = a

4
a fourth root 4
a 4a 4a 4a = a

## na n-th root (radical)

% percent 1% = 1/100

## ppb per-billion 1ppb = 1/1000000000

ppt per-trillion 1ppt = 10-12

Geometry symbols
Symbol Symbol Name Meaning / definition

measured angle
spherical angle

right angle = 90

## degree 1 turn = 360

deg degree 1 turn = 360deg

prime arcminute, 1 = 60

## || parallel parallel lines

equivalence of geometric
congruent to
shapes and size

## distance between points x and

|x-y| distance
y
= 3.141592654...
is the ratio between the
pi constant
circumference and diameter of a

circle

g gradians / gons grads angle unit

Algebra symbols
Symbol Symbol Name Meaning / definition

## x x variable unknown value to find

equivalence identical to

## := equal by definition equal by definition

:= equal by definition equal by definition

## approximately equal approximation

proportional to proportional to

## calculate expression inside

() parentheses
first
calculate expression inside
[] brackets
first

{} braces set

## rounds number to upper

x ceiling brackets
integer

## delta change / difference

delta change / difference

discriminant = b2 - 4ac
summation - sum of all values
sigma
in range of series

## product - product of all values

capital pi
in range of series

## golden ratio golden ratio constant

= 3.141592654...
is the ratio between the
pi constant
circumference and diameter of a

circle

## Linear Algebra Symbols

Symbol Symbol Name Meaning / definition

inner product

## Probability and statistics symbols

Symbol Symbol Name Meaning / definition

## P(A) probability function probability of event A

P(A) probability function probability of event A

## probability of events probability that of events A and

P(A B) intersection B

## probability of event A given

P(A | B) conditional probability function
event B occured
probability density function
f (x) (pdf)
P(a x b) = f (x) dx

F(x) (cdf)
F(x) = P(X x)

## expected value of random

E(X) expectation value
variable X
expected value of random
E(X | Y) conditional expectation
variable X given Y

## standard deviation of random

std(X) standard deviation
variable X
standard deviation value of
X standard deviation
random variable X
middle value of random
median
variable x
covariance of random
cov(X,Y) covariance
variables X and Y
correlation of random variables
corr(X,Y) correlation
X and Y
correlation of random variables
X,Y correlation
X and Y
summation - sum of all values
summation
in range of series

## value that occurs most

Mo mode
frequently in population

MR mid-range MR = (xmax+xmin)/2
half the population is below this
Md sample median
value
25% of population are below
Q1 lower / first quartile
this value
50% of population are below
Q2 median / second quartile
this value = median of samples
75% of population are below
Q3 upper / third quartile
this value

## population samples variance

s2 sample variance
estimator
population samples standard
s sample standard deviation
deviation estimator

## zx standard score zx = (x-x) / sx

zx standard score zx = (x-x) / sx

## distribution of random variable

X~ distribution of X
X

## gamma(c, ) gamma distribution

f (x) = c xc-1e-x / (c),
x0
f (x) = xk/2-1e-x/2 / ( 2k/2
2(k) chi-square distribution
(k/2) )
F (k1, k2) F distribution

## Poisson() Poisson distribution f (k) = k e- / k!

Geom(p) geometric distribution f (k) = p(1-p) k
HG(N,K,n) hyper-geometric distribution

## Bern(p) Bernoulli distribution

Combinatorics Symbols
Symbol Symbol Name Meaning / definition

n! factorial n! = 123...n

nPk permutation

nCk

combination

## Set theory symbols

Symbol Symbol Name Meaning / definition

AB intersection
and set B

## objects that belong to set A or

AB union
set B

A is a subset of B. set A is
AB subset
included in set B.
A is a subset of B, but A is not
AB proper subset / strict subset
equal to B.

## AB not subset set A is not a subset of set B

A is a superset of B. set A
AB superset
includes set B

## proper superset / strict A is a superset of B, but B is

AB superset not equal to A.

## both sets have the same

A=B equality
members
all the objects that do not
Ac complement
belong to set A
objects that belong to A and
A\B relative complement
not to B
objects that belong to A and
A-B relative complement
not to B
objects that belong to A or B
A B symmetric difference
but not to their intersection

## objects that belong to A or B

AB symmetric difference
but not to their intersection

## set of all ordered pairs from A

AB cartesian product
and B
the number of elements of set
|A| cardinality
the number of elements of set
|A| cardinality
A
the number of elements of set
#A cardinality
A
infinite cardinality of natural
aleph-null
numbers set
cardinality of countable ordinal
aleph-one
numbers set

## natural numbers / whole

0 numbers set (with zero) 0 = {0,1,2,3,4,...}

## natural numbers / whole

1 numbers set (without zero) 1 = {1,2,3,4,5,...}

## real numbers set = {x | - < x <}

= {z | z=a+bi, -
complex numbers set
<a<, -<b<}

Logic symbols
Symbol Symbol Name Meaning / definition

and and

## & ampersand and

+ plus or

reversed caret or

| vertical line or

## ! exclamation mark not - negation

circled plus / oplus exclusive or - xor

~ tilde negation

implies

for all

there exists

therefore

because / since

## Calculus & analysis symbols

Symbol Symbol Name Meaning / definition

## represents a very small

epsilon
represents a very small
epsilon
number, near zero

time derivative
notation

## Dx2y second derivative derivative of derivative

partial derivative

## integral opposite to derivation

integration of function of 2
double integral
variables
integration of function of 3
triple integral
variables

## (a,b) open interval (a,b) = {x | a < x < b}

i imaginary unit i -1

## z* complex conjugate z = a+bi z*=a-bi

z complex conjugate z = a+bi z = a-bi

vector

unit vector

delta function

## lemniscate infinity symbol

Numeral symbols
Name European Roman Hebrew
zero 0
one 1 I

two 2 II

three 3 III

four 4 IV

five 5 V

six 6 VI

seven 7 VII

eight 8 VIII

nine 9 IX

ten 10 X

eleven 11 XI

twelve 12 XII

thirteen 13 XIII

fourteen 14 XIV

fifteen 15 XV

sixteen 16 XVI

seventeen 17 XVII

eighteen 18 XVIII

nineteen 19 XIX

twenty 20 XX

thirty 30 XXX

forty 40 XL

fifty 50 L
fifty 50 L

sixty 60 LX

seventy 70 LXX

eighty 80 LXXX

ninety 90 XC

## Greek alphabet letters

Letter Name
Upper Case Letter Lower Case Letter Greek Letter Name
Pronounce

Alpha al-fa

Beta be-ta

Gamma ga-ma

Delta del-ta

Epsilon ep-si-lon

Zeta ze-ta

Eta eh-ta

Theta te-ta

Iota io-ta

Kappa ka-pa

Lambda lam-da

Mu m-yoo

Nu noo

Xi x-ee

Omicron o-mee-c-ron

Pi pa-yee

Rho row

Sigma sig-ma

Tau ta-oo

Upsilon oo-psi-lon

Phi f-ee

Chi kh-ee

Psi p-see

Omega o-me-ga

Roman numerals
Number Roman numeral
0 not defined
1 I
2 II
3 III
4 IV
5 V
6 VI
7 VII
8 VIII
9 IX
10 X
11 XI
12 XII
13 XIII
14 XIV
15 XV
16 XVI
17 XVII
18 XVIII
19 XIX
20 XX
30 XXX
40 XL
50 L
60 LX
70 LXX
80 LXXX
90 XC
100 C
200 CC
300 CCC
400 CD
500 D
600 DC
700 DCC
800 DCCC
900 CM
1000 M
5000 V
10000 X
50000 L
100000 C
100000 C
500000 D
1000000 M

Algebra symbols

Geometry symbols

Statistical symbols

Logic symbols

Number symbols

Roman numerals

Infinity symbol

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