History And Culture Of Pakistan O Levels, Cambridge International Examinations.

Q: ´The Successors of Aurangzeb failed to live up to his courageous and
determined policyµ. Do you think was the most important reason for the Decline?[14]

y The Mughal rulers did not have a definite law of succession. The
rulers had sons who had been made governors of different parts and had capable armies under their command. So when a ruler died his sons ended up fighting for the right of the throne. This caused widespread bloodshed and weakened the unity of the empire. The army lost experienced soldiers and vast number of resources were wasted. The army became exhausted from fighting such battles and this led to decline.

y The successors of Aurangzeb were weak and incapable. The were
fond of luxurious life. The loved singing drinking and gambling. They preferred beauty over duty. They loved resplendent palaces finest clothes and soft skinned women. As a result of their luxurious life they lost control of the affairs of the kingdom. New Powers like Jats Marathas and Sikhs arose on all sides. The weakness of the later Mughals resulted in the decline of the Empire.

y During the regime of Aurangzeb the empire had become very vast.
The state messages used to be relayed by horsemen in time and the mansabdari system was working very efficiently. But during the period of the later Mughals this system got corrupted. The

Mansabdars started accepting gifts and bribes. The state messages were not relayed in time and the decisions of the state were being delayed. This neglectence from the empire led to it·s downfall.

y The Mughal Empire was huge and there was an array of different
people and cultures in the area. After the death of Aurangzeb in 1707 rebellions rose all over the country because of the inefficiency of the later Mughals. Thus armies were dispatched to put down these rebellions. The cost of putting down these rebellions was very high and resulted in the decline of the economy of the Mughals.

y The Mughals had a vast treasure in their possession which
compelled them to become complacent, luxurious and ease loving. All the rulers were fond of architectural grandeur. They built beautiful structures like the Taj Mahal and Badshahi Masjid. They had become fond of an extravagant life. Nobles and wazirs also followed their example. A friend of Akbar is said to have ordered a 100 courses at each meal. The result of this was that the treasury shrunk and resulted in decline.

y The British came as traders into the subcontinent to exploit
India·s wealth and condition to their favour. The EIC got massive success here and received huge profits which they used to recruit a large army with the latest weapons and experience. On the other hand the Mughal army was declining day by day. So it did not take long for the british to gain control over India.

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