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SAI VIDYA EDUCATION

Chapter 1 Properties of Integers


1) If p and q are both positive odd integers, which of the following must be odd?
Indicate all possible values.
a) pq b) p q c) pq d) pq + pq e) pq + qp

2) If x is odd, all of the following must be odd except:


a) x2 + 4x + 6 b)x3 + 5x + 3 c)x4 + 6x + 7 d) x5 + 7x + 1 e) x6 + 8x + 4

3) If t is any integer, which of the following represents an odd number?


a) 2t b) 2t + 3 c) 3t d) 2t + 2 e) t + 1

4) The sum of five odd numbers is always:


a) Even b) divisible by three c)divisible by five
d) a prime number e) none of the above

5) If a + b + c + d + e is odd, and a, b, c, d, and e are integers, which of the following


could be the number of integers among a, b, c, d, and e that are even?
Indicate all such numbers.
a) 0 b) 1 c) 2 d) 3 e) 4
b)
6) If n is an odd number, then which of the following best describes the number
represented by n2 + 2n + 1?
a) It can be odd or even. b) It must be odd. c) It must be divisible by 4.
d) It must be divisible by six. e) It cannot be determined.

7) If p and x are nonnegative numbers and y is a nonpositive number, then which


of the following must be true?
Indicate all possible values.
a) px > xy b) pxy > 1 c) pxy 0 d) px y e) x py

8-9) a) Quantity A is greater.


b) Quantity B is greater.
c) The two quantities are equal.

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d) The relationship cannot be determined from the information given

8)

9)

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Chapter 2 Integers - Divisibility and


Remainders
1) If 5 divided by b equals 2 with remainder c, which of the following must be true?
a) bc + 2 = 5 b) 2b + c = 5 c)2c + 5 = b d) 2c + b = 5 e) 5b + 2 = c
b)
2) The remainder when the positive integer m is divided by n is r. What is the
remainder when 2m is divided by 2n?
a) r b) 2r c) 2n d) m nr e) 2(m nr)

3) The number 3,072 is divisible by both 6 and 8. Which one of the following is the
first integer larger than 3,072 that is also divisible by both 6 and 8?
a) 3,078 b) 3,084 c) 3,086 d) 3,090 e) 3,096

4) The function (m) is defined for all positive integers m as the product of m + 4,
m + 5, and m + 6. If n is a positive integer, then (n) must be divisible by which
one of the following numbers?
a) 4 b) 5 c) 6 d) 7 e) 11

5)

6) The number 3 divides a with a result of b and a remainder of 2. The number 3


divides b with a result of 2 and a remainder of 1. What is the value of a?
a) 13 b) 17 c) 21 d) 23 e) 27

7) When the positive integer x is divided by 6, the remainder is 4. Each of the


following could also be an integer except:
a) x/2 b) x/3 c) x/7 d) x/11 e) x/17

8) When 16 is divided by a positive integer w, the remainder is 1. For how many


values of w is this true?
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a) None b) One c) Two d) Three e) Four

9) What is the remainder when 1317 + 1713 is divided by 10?

10) A number when divided by 114 leaves the remainder 21. If the same number
is divided by 19, then the remainder will be:

11) The number m yields a remainder p when divided by 14 and a remainder q


when divided by 7. If p = q + 7, then which one of the following could be the
value of m?
a) 45 b) 53 c) 72 d) 85 e) 100

12) The remainder when m + n is divided by 12 is 8, and the remainder when m n


is divided by 12 is 6. If m > n, then what is the remainder when mn divided by
6?
a) 1 b) 2 c) 3 d) 4 e) 5

13) The positive integers m and n leave remainders of 2 and 3, respectively, when
divided by 6. m > n. What is the remainder when m n is divided by 6?
a) 1 b) 2 c) 3 d) 4 e) 5

14) What is the remainder when 37 is divided by 8?


a) 1 b) 2 c) 3 d) 5 e) 7

15-20)
a) Quantity A is greater.
b) Quantity B is greater.
c) The two quantities are equal.
d) The relationship cannot be determined from the information given

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15)

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19)

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Chapter 3 Integers Primes


1) If the sum of two prime numbers x and y is odd, then the product of x and y
must be divisible by

2) Which of the following cannot be the sum of two prime numbers?


a) 5 b) 13 c) 31 d) 37 e) 61

3) What is the greatest prime factor of (24)2 1?


a) 3 b) 5 c) 11 d) 17 e) 1

4)

5) A prime power is an integer that has only one prime factor. For example, 5 = 5,
25 = 55, and 27 = 333 are all prime powers, while 6 = 23 and 12 = 223 are
not. Which of the following numbers is not a prime power?
a) 49 b) 81 c) 100 d) 121 e) 243

6) If the sum of three different prime numbers is an even number, what is the
smallest of the three?
7)

7- 10)
a) Quantity A is greater.
b) Quantity B is greater.
c) The two quantities are equal.
d) The relationship cannot be determined from the information given
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7)

8)

9)

10)

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Chapter 4 Integers - Divisors and Multiples


1) If j is a multiple of 12, and k is a multiple of 21, then jk must be a multiple of
which of the following?
a) 8 b) 15 c) 22 d) 28 e) 35

2) If AB is the greatest common factor of A and B, A$B is defined as the least


common multiple of A and B, and AB is defined as equal to (AB) $ (A$B), then
what is the value of 1215?
a) 42 b) 45 c) 48 d) 52 e) 60

3)

a) 211 b) 59 c) 18 d) 34 e) 45

4) In the repeating decimal 0.097531097531, what is the 44th digit to the right of
the decimal point?
a) 0 b) 1 c) 3 d) 7 e) 9

5) Which one of the following is the minimum value of the sum of two integers
whose product is 36?
a) 12 b) 13 c) 15 d) 20 e) 37

6) If the least common multiple of m and n is 24, then what is the first integer
larger than 3,070 that is divisible by both m and n?
a) 3,072 b) 3,078 c) 3,084 d) 3,088 e) 3,094

7) A wire is cut into three equal parts. The resulting segments are then cut into 4, 6
and 8 equal parts respectively. If each of the resulting segments has an integer
length, what is the minimum length of the wire?
a) 24 b) 36 c) 48 d) 54 e) 72
b)
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8) How many positive integers less than 60 are equal to the product of a positive
multiple of 5 and an even number?
a) 4 b) 5 c) 9 d) 10 e) 11

9) Which one of the following could be the difference between two numbers both
of which are divisible by 2, 3 and 4?
a) 71 b) 72 c) 73 d) 74 e) 75

10) Positive integers a and b each have exactly four factors. If a is a onedigit
number and b = a + 9, what is the value of a?

11) If x 3 is a multiple of 5, which of the following also will be the multiple of 5?


Indicate all possible answer choices.
a) x b) x + 3 c) 2x + 4 d) 5x e) 5x + 5
b)
12)

13-16)
a) Quantity A is greater.
b) Quantity B is greater.
c) The two quantities are equal.
d) The relationship cannot be determined from the information given

13)

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14)

15)

16)

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Chapter 5 Consecutive Numbers


1) By how much is the greatest of five consecutive even integers greater than the
smallest among them?
a) 1 b) 4 c) 5 d) 8 e) 10

2) If the sum of consecutive integers from 10 to x is 11, then what is the value of
x?
3)

4) The sum of 2 consecutive even numbers is how much less than the sum of 2
consecutive odd numbers, where the least odd number is greater than the
greatest even number?
a) 0 b) 2 c) 4 d) 6 e) 8

5) If the product of 4 consecutive integers is equal to one of them, what is the


largest possible value of one of the integers?
a) 0 b) 3 c) 4 d) 6 e) 24
b)
6) The average of a set of 18 consecutive integers is 22.5. What is the smallest
integer in the set?
7)

8) The smallest integer of a set of consecutive even integers is 32 and the sum of
these integers is 70. How many integers are in the set?
a) 18 b) 19 c) 32 d) 34 e) 35
b)
7) a, b, c, d, and e are five consecutive numbers in increasing order of size. Deleting
one of the five numbers from the set decreased the sum of the remaining numbers
in the set by 20%. Which one of the following numbers was deleted?
a) a b) b c) c d) d e) e

8) The sum of three consecutive integers is 312. What is the sum of the next three
consecutive integers?

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a) 315 b) 321 c) 330 d) 415 e) 424

9) If x, y, and z are consecutive even integers, such that x < y < z and xyz = 960,
what is the value of z?
.

10) What is the greatest integer that will always evenly divide the sum of three
consecutive even integers?

11) a, b, c, d, and e are five consecutive integers in increasing order of size. Which
one of the following expressions is not odd?
a) a + b + c b) ab + c c) ab + d d) ac + d e) ac + e
b)
12-14)
a) Quantity A is greater.
b) Quantity B is greater.
c) The two quantities are equal.
d) The relationship cannot be determined from the information given

12)

13)

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14)

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Chapter 6 Fractions and Decimals I


1)

a) 16x b) 24x / 5 c) 4x d) 4x/5 e) x/5

2)

a) 2/3 b) c) 7/11 d) 19/23 e) 23/30

3)

a) 0.001 b) 0.01 c) 0.1 d) 10 e) 100

4)

a) 9 b) 10 c) 11 d) 12 e) 13

5)

6) Two identical pies are cut into a total of 16 equal parts. If each part is then split
equally among three people, what fraction of a pie does each person receive?
a) 1/48 b) 1/24 c) 1/16 d) 3/16 e) 3/8
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7)

8 14)

a) Quantity A is greater.
b) Quantity B is greater.
c) The two quantities are equal.
d) The relationship cannot be determined from the information given

8)

9)

10)

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11)

12)

13)

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14)

Chapter 7 Fractions and Decimals II


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1)

a) 7/27 b) 2/3 c) 7/9 d) 9/7 e) 3/2

2) The decimal 0.1 is how many times greater than the decimal (0.001)3?
a) 10 b) 102 c) 105 d) 108 e) 1010

3)

a) 18 b) 30 c) 74 d) 210 e) 340

4) If A = {1, 2, 3}, B = {2, 3, 4}, and C is the set consisting of all the fractions
whose numerators are in A and whose denominators are in B, what is the
product of all of the numbers in C?
a) 1/64 b) 1/48 c) 1/16 d) 1/12 e)

5)

a) b) c) d) e)
6)

a) 1/3 b) 4/9 c) d) 2/3 e) 5/6


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7) Which one of the following is closest to 1?

a) b) c) d) e)

8)
a) 3/16 b) 3/8 c) d) 2/3 e)

9- 15) a) Quantity A is greater.


b) Quantity B is greater.
c) The two quantities are equal.
d) The relationship cannot be determined from the information given
9)

10)

11)

12)
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13)

14)

15)

Chapter 8 Powers and Square Roots I


1)

2)
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a) x b) 1 c) 0 d) 1 e) It cannot be determined

3) What is the greatest prime factor of 299 296?

4) 8rn = r(n + 3) What is the value for r if it is a positive number?

a) 1 b) 2 c) 3 d) 4 e) It cannot be determined.

5) If 2k 2k+1 + 2k1 = m 2k what is m?

a) -1 b) -1/2 c) 0 d) e) 1

6)

a) 3/2 b) 8/5 c) 24/15 d) 512/125 e) 625/256

7) If xy = 64 and x and y are positive integers, which of the following could be the value
of x + y? Indicate all such values.

a) 6 b) 7 c) 8 d) 9 e) 10

8)

a) -1 b) -1/4 c) 0 d) e) 1

9)

a) c must be an even number b) c must be an odd number

c) c must be a perfect square d) c must not be a perfect square

e) c must be a prime number


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10-16) a) Quantity A is greater.b) Quantity B is greater.

c) The two quantities are equal. d) The relationship cannot be determined from the
information given

10)

11)

12)

13)

14)

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15)

16)

Chapter 9 Powers and Square Roots II


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1) The last digit of the positive even number n equals the last digit of n 2.

Which one of the following could be n?

a) 12 b) 14 c) 15 d) 16 e)17

2)

a) b) c) d) e)

3) If x = 16 and x2 = y, what is the value of xy?

a) -2 b) 1/16 c) d) 4 e) 16

4) If 12x is odd and x is an integer, what is the value of x12?

5) If 0 < x < 1, which of the following lists the numbers in increasing order?

a) x, x, x2 b) x2, x, x c) x2, x, x
d) x, x2, x e) x, x, x2

6)

a) 1 b) 3/2 c) 2 d) 5/2 e) 3

7) If x = 101.4, y = 100.7, and xz = y3, then what is the value of z?

a) 0.5 b) 0.66 c) 1.5 d) 2 e) 3

8) If 12514 488 is written out as an integer, how many consecutive zeroes will that
integer have at the end?

a) 22 b) 32 c) 42 d) 50 e) 112

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9-16)

a) Quantity A is greater.b) Quantity B is greater.

c) The two quantities are equal. d) The relationship cannot be determined from the
information given

9)

10)

11)

12)

13)
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14)

15)

16)

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