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mcqs electrical

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A. shunt motor

B. shunt and compund motor

C. series motor

D. series and shunt motor

A. random error

B. environmental error

C. gross error

D. instrumental error

B. current independent of voltage

C. voltage depends upon current

D. current depends upon voltage

B. collector, emitter and gate

C. drain, source and gate

D. drain, source and base

5)Sine wave A has a positive going zero crossing at 30 degrees. Sine wave B has a positive

going zero crossing at 45 degrees. What is the phase angle between two signals ?

A. 75 degrees

B. 15 degrees

C. 45 degrees

D. 30 degrees

B. over compensation of friction

C. mechanical vibration

D. excessive voltage across the potential coil

7)In a certain series RC circuits, Vr = 8V and Vi = 6 V, what is the magnitude of the total

voltage ?

A. 10 V

B. 14 V

C. 8 V

D. 6 V

8) A 160 KVA and 315 KVA transformers are operated in parellel. To share the load in

propotion to their ratings, their?

B. impedences should be equal

C. efficiencies should be equal

D. p.u impedances should be equal

9) Which of the following theorems is applicable for both linear and non-linear circuits ?

B. Thevenins

C. Superposition

D. Nortons

10) The three resistance each of 9 ohms are connected in delta. The equivalent star arrangement

will have each resistance values ?

A. 18 ohms

B. 3 ohms

C. 27 ohms

D. 9 ohms

11) The positive sequence component of voltage at the point of fault is zero when it is a ?

A. 3-phase fault

B. L-L fault

C. L-G fault

D. L-L fault

12) A 10KVA, 200/400V single phase transformer is supplying its rated current of 25 A. The

input current is likely to be ?

A.50 A

B.more than 50 A

C.25 A

D.less than 50 A

13) The rotor power output of 3-phase induction motor is 30KW and the corresponding slip is

4%. The rotor copper loss will be ?

A.1300 W

B.1400 W

C.1250 W

D.1200 W

A.break in point

B.open loop poles

C.break away points

D.open loop zeroes

A.50 V

B.1.5 V

C.0.1 V

D.10 V

16) In the measurement of three phase power by two-wattmeter method, if one of the wattmeter

reads negative, the power factor of the load is ?

A. zero

B. unity

C. less than 0.5

D. greater than 0.5 but less than 1

A. any network

B. none of the above

C. non-minimum phase network

D. minimum phase network

18) A salient pole synchronous machine has maximum power output when power angle is ?

B. less than 90 degree

C. either 90 degree or more

D. 90 degree

A. 1000 MW

B. 780 MW

C. 660 MW

D. 720 MW

20) In a non-salient pole synchronous machine the distribution of field mmf around the air gap is

a?

A. sinusoidal wave

B. rectangular wave

C. flat topped stepped wave

D. stepped triangular wave

21) An induction motor takes a line current of 80A when started by direct switching. If an auto

transformer with 50% tapping is used, the line current would be ?

A. 40 A

B. 80 A

C. 50 A

D. 20 A

22) Under full load condition, the power factor of rotor circuit of a 3-phase induction motor is ?

B. almost unity

C. about 0.2 leading

D. about 0.5 lagging

23) For a certain load, the true power is 100 W and the reactive power is 100 VAR. What is the

apparent power ?

A. 14.14

B. 141.4 VA

C. 100 VA

D. 200 VA

24) In an induction type meter, maximum torque is produced when the phase angle between two

fluxes are ?

A. 0 degree

B. 30 degrees

C. 90 degrees

D. 45 degrees

25) The diagonal elements of a nodal admittance matrix are strengthened by adding ?

A. generators

B. loads

C. shunt inductances

D. shunt capacitors

?

26) The time period of an alternating equality is 0.04 seconds. Its frequency will be ?

A. 100 Hz

B. 25 Hz

C. 50 Hz

D. 0.04 Hz

27) A single-phase fully controlled bridge rectifier is fed by a source having inductance. The

output voltage during overlap period is ?

A. Vm

B. zero

C. 0.5 Vm voltage drop across inductance

D. 0.5 Vm

A. increases

B. decreases

C. becomes zero

D. remains unchanged

B. C across SCR

C. R-C across SCR

D. R-L in series with SCR

The value of k for the system to be critically stable is ?

A. 3

B. 4

C. 2

D. 5

31) A milli-ammeter of resistance 200 ohm connected in series with a circuit consumes 0.2 mW.

If it is replaced with a milli-ammeter of 400 ohm resistance, the power consumption will be. ?

A. 1 mW

B. 0.8 mW

C. 0.4 mW

D. 0.2 mW

32) For a fixed load on the shaft, the armature current of a synchronous motor is minimum when

the pf is: ?

B. lagging

C. less than 1 and leading

D. unity

A. increses th inductace

B. increases the capacitance

C. decreases the capacitance

D. decreses the inductance

B. moving coil dynamometer type

C. induction type

D. moving iron type

35) If an induction motor with certain ratio of rotor to stator slots runs at 1/7th of the normal

speed, the motor is said to be?

A. jogging

B. cogging

C. crawling

D. hunting

36) A 4 pole dc machine has a lap winding. This winding is removed and then a wave winding

with the same number of turns is put. The induced e.m.f will ?

A. increase

B. remains the same

C. may increase or decrease

D. decrease

A. remote protection

B. back up protection

C. simultaneous protection

D. primary protection

38) In an ac circuit if voltage V = (a+jb) and current i = (c+jd), then the power is given by ?

A. ac+bd

B. ac+ad

C. bc-ad

D. bc+ad

39) An auto-transformer having a transformation ratio of 0.7 supplies a load of 20 KW. The

power transferred inductively from primary to secondary is ?

A. 6 KW

B. Zero

C. 20 KW

D. 14 KW

A. measuring current

B. measuring power

C. measuring voltage

D. measuring insulation resistance

B. series

C. compound

D. shunt

42) The number of disc in a string of insulators for 400 kV ac overhead line lies in the range of ?

A. 15 to 16

B. 22 to 23

C. 9 to 10

D. 32 to 33

43) A 0-100mA PMMC ammeter reads 80mA in a circuit. If its bottom control spring snaps

suddenly, the meter will read nearly ?

A. 100mA

B. zero

C. 80mA

D. 20mA

44) Laplace transform of the output response of a linear system is the system transfer function

when the input is ?

A. a ramp signal

B. a step signal

C. a sinusoidal signa

D. an impulse signal

A. fault calculations

B. stability studies

C. system planning

D. load frequency control

46) The neutral current in a balanced three-phase four wire star connected load is ?

A. zero

B. root 3 IL

C. Iph

D. root 3 Iph

B. peak value to rms value

C. peak value to average value

D. rms value to average value

B. on full load at 0.8 pf lag

C. lightly loaded

D. on full load at upf

B. gate recovery time

C. reverse recovery time

D. anode current reduces to zero

A. remains the same

B. increases

C. decreases

D. may increase or decrease

51) A single phase transformer is rated at 100 KVA, 5000/250V. The full load copper losses are

1KW. The load KVA for maximum efficiency is: ?

A. 141.4 KVA

B. 50 KVA

C. 100 KVA

D. 70.7 KVA

52) The usual value of slip of a 3-phase induction motor at full load is about ?

A. 0.8

B. 0.05

C. 0.1

D. 1.0

A. short-pitch winding

B. compensating windings

C. dummy coils

D. damper winding

54) The span of a zero centered ammeter having a scale from -10A to +10A is ?

A. 10 A

B. 20 A

C. 0 A

D.-10 A

A. 50-60%

B. 35-40%

C. 25-30%

D. 80-95%

A. + or 1%

B. + or 3%

C. + or 2%

D. + or 5%

57) Moving iron and PMMC instruments can be distinguished from each other by looking at ?

A. scale

B. scale range

C. pointer

D. terminal size

A. 0.01 A

B. 10 A

C. 100 A

D. 1 A

A. Watt-hour

B. Kilowatt-hour

C. Joule-second

D. Watt-second

B. frequency response

C. amplitude distortion

D. all of the above

A. 4.8

B. 0.13

C. 6

D. 7.5

62) A single phase cyclo-converter with center tapped input transformer requires ?

A. 8 SCRs

B. 2 SCRs

C. either 2 or 8 SCRs

D. 4 SCRs

A. four thyristors

B. maybe equal or unequal

C. two thyristors

D. are always equal

A. ohmmeters

B. voltmeters

C. ammeters

D. wattmeters

A. maximum voltage

B. maximum voltage and maximum current

C. maximum power

D. no voltage

66) An alternator is delivering its rated current at rated voltage and 0.8 pf lagging. If it is

required to deliver rated current at rated voltage at 0.8 pf leading, the required excitation will be

?

A. less

B. more

C. more or less

D. the same

A. 400 kV

B. 110 kV

C. 220 kV

D. 700 kV

68) The origin for the investigation of closed loop stability in relation to Nyquist criterion is ?

A. 0-j1

B. -1+j0

C. 1+j0

D. 0+j1

A. 3 or 4

B. 2

C. 1

D. 0

70) The insulation resistance of a cable of length 20km is 1 ohm, its insulation resistance for 100

km length is?

A. 5 megaohm

B. 0.2 ohm

C. 2.5 megaohm

D. 1 megaohm

71) If the time of operation of a relay for unit TMS is 10 seconds the time of operation for 0.5

TMS will be ?

A. 10 sec

B. 5 sec

C. 15 sec

D. 20 sec

A. M(2)LT(-2)

B. M(2)L(2)t(-3)

C. ML(2)T(-3)

D. M(2)LT(-3)

A. 0.85

B. 0.96

C. 0.7

D. 0.5

74) The transfer function of a unity feedback system is 10/(s+1). For unit step input the steady

state error will be ?

A. zero

B. 10

C. 1/11

D. 10/11

B. series high resistance

C. shunt of high resistance

D. series low resistance

B.the switching voltage

C.corona

D.voltage drop

B. phase angle

C. active power of the bus

D. phase angle and reactive power

78) For a matrix A= row 1 [1 4], row 2 [ -2 -5], the eigen values are ?

A. -2,-4

B. -1,-2

C. -1,-4

D. -1,-3

A. average value

B. peak value

C. rms value

D. peak to peak value

80) A 100V voltmeter has an accuracy of 5% on full scale. The percentage error while measuring

50 V will be ?

A. 7.5%

B. 2.5%

C. 5%

D. 10%

81) A three-phase 100 KVA transformer is composed of three seperate transformers connected in

delta-delta. If one of the units get damaged and it is operated in open delta; the rating will be:?

A. 50 KVA

B. 86.6 KVA

C. 57.7 KVA

D. 100 KVA

82) The rectifier type instrument is not free from ?

A. temperature error

B. frequency error

C. wave shape error

D. all of the above

A. voltage

B. energy

C. current

D. phase

A. 0 degree

B. 95 degrees

C. 30 degrees

D. 60 degrees

85) In case of a 3-phase short circuit in a system, the power fed into thr system is ?

B. mostly reactive

C. mostly active

D. reactive only

B. large direct current

c. large alternating current

D. small-alternating currents

A. electrode

B. moderator

C. coolant

D. fuel

88) A square wave type voltage of peak magnitude 200 V is measured by a moving iron

voltmeter. It will read ?

A. 400 V

B. 100 V

C. 600 V

D. 200 V

89) The impedance value of a generator is 0.3pu on a base value of 22kV, 150MVA. The

impedance value for a base value of 11kV, 50 MVA is ?

A. 0.4pu

B. 0.15pu

D. 0.6pu

E. 0.3pu

B. can never be equal to pole-pitch

C. may or may not be equal to pole pitch

D. is equal to half pole-pitch

91) The convergence characteristics of the Newton-Ralphson method for solving a load for

problem is ?

A. quadratic

B. linear

C. cubic

D. geometric

92) A single phase transformer is rated at 100 KVA, 5000/250V. The full load copper losses are

1KW. The load KVA for maximum efficiency is: ?

A. 141.4 KVA

B. 50 KVA

C. 100 KVA

D. 70.7 KVA

A. lagging pf

B. leading pf

C. zero pf

D. unity pf

94) In a single-phase semi converter, for continuous conduction free wheeling diode conducts for

?

A. pi

B. firing angle alpha

C. alpha + pi

D. pi alpha

95) The resistance of a parallel circuit consisting of two resistors is 6 ohms. When one of the

resistors is removed the effective resistance becomes 9 ohms. The resistance of the removed wire

is ?

A. 18 ohms

B. 3 ohms

C. 15 ohms

D. 12 ohms

B. either long line or medium length line fault

C. short line fault

D. medium length line fault

A. PMMC

B. moving iron

C. electro-dynamic

D. hot wire

98) The location of the closed loop conjugate pair of pole on jw axis indicates the system is ?

A. unstable

B. stable

C. marginally stable

D. critically stable

B. complementary communication

C. natural communication

D. auxilliary communication

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