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Pr a g m a t ie R e
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A b s tr a e t : B e g in in g w ith G r
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y w o r
ds :
S a u s s u re : a
b itr
r a : e o n ve n tio n l
a

A S tu d y o f th e su j
b e e t i z a t io n o f C o m Ple x s e n te n c es

N iu B ao

A b s t r a e t C o g n itiv e lin g u is tie s h o ld s


:
th a t m ea n
i e d w ith
in g 15 id e n t if eo n ee Pt u a liz a t io n W ith in
.

h 15 th e o e tie a l m ew o r th e eu e e t iv iz a t io n
f th e m in g f
e
r
n t s tu
t r a
r
f k dy pr
o po ses th a t t h e su
j
b
o ea n o a
,

eo m pl ex se n te n e e 15 th e eo n ee p tu a li
z a
ti on o
ft
h e in re n
r a
lr
el a t io n b e tw e en tw o ev en ts in to a ee t
r a in

in d o
f lg ie a tio n w ith r th g 5 p e rs p e e t iv e m t io n itio

k o
lr
e l a
e f
e r en ee to e
l an u age u ser e o eo g n n
, , , ,

te
h
T tiv iz t io n f th e m in g m p le x in lin w ith m 10 9 1
e e su sen te n e e o p e te e to n
-

j
b
e e a o ea n o
fa eo ra s on o e

l in f 15 t ie ip a t io n r
ea
er tha t th e par f th e spe a
ke 9
h e e tiv e fa e to r s
j in t o t h e e o n st
u
r t io

e n ee o su e n o
f
, ,

m e a n in g f co m p le x 15 e
h r
a e te i s t ie
r re s
r ie t io
t m pen sa tio n d
ex
te n s io n
.

th e o a se n te n e e a o
f n eo an
,

y w o ds
r tiv iz a tio m
Ke : eo m p le x sen te n e e s ; su
j
b
ee n : o n o to n e
lo g ie a l in f
e r en ee

C o lo n s A s S Pa c e b u ild er s in N e w s T itle

Pe n g J i
a n u Ji Yi n g k u i

A b st a et : e on e e pt fm en a l sp a
t e t he 15 m e n ta l sp aee w ho e o n st
u
r t io n n s u p
-

r h
T
e e o
e
r o
c o se e
le a
on spae e
b u ild e r e x p r e s s io n s
h
T is p a p e an a
ly z in g t n ew in n e w tit le w h ie h
.

by e u ses o
f e o lo n s e
-
r
h
,

m er i n ds t
f in t
r a n i it t io n s e o lo n s e a n t io n a b u ild e r
s

ge d ree en t ly h t u
f n e s Pa e e

a e e s
u a s
,

K w o r
ds m en ta l s p a e ; sp a e e
b u ild e r e x pr ss on s i ; eo
lo n

y
e
: e
e

T h e S tu d y o f Ch
i + N S tr u c t u r e in th e

F ra m ew o r k o f O Ptim a lit y T h e o r y
an
W g Fu f
a n g Zh a n g Yu n
q iu

A b s tr a e t : W h e n stu
d y in g on e o
f t
h e
o to typ ie a l in s ta n tia tio n
pr s o
f ver
b p lu s o
j
b
e et st
u
r c tu r e

th a t
Ch i (l ) r e ty
i f t tie
(2 )
em a assi to
+ N w e fn d
i : a va o
h o le s
r e an
be ed h
t e v er
b e
hi ;
,

m o st th e m tie o
r le s a tt a e hi +
u
r s a re m ore o r t to p a t ie w h il
-
a e to e st e tu e ss s u
j
b
n ts
h d N e
r l ee e o
h
t
,

e s
r a
e
r n o t Based o n
h
t e a ttr
i b u te s o
f pr
o to typ ie a o le s
lr an
d th e m o
e la ti v e
d el o f r e n t a ilm e n t s in h ie r-
.

ar
c h ie a l e a te r
i es w e eo m e to f gu r
i e o u r h
t e
o to typ ie a l h ie r
pr acr hy o
f th e d if
e
r en t k in d s o
f p a rie n ts
,

d ie a te hi + B e s id e s ly s is f th e h ie
r a r-
su t to th e p r hi in u
r w m
j
b
ee e st e tu r e
.

e
e e
N a
ke a n a n a o
,

e
h ie a l sy s te m o
ft
h e
d if
e
r en t o u tPu t r a in ts
eo n st o
f e
hi + N st
u
r e tu
e in t
r h e
h
t e o
e tie a l f
r r a m ew o rk

76