Basic Electric Circuits & Components

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BE - Basic Electric Circuits & Components

Basic Electric Circuits & Components

© All Rights Reserved

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1. Introduction

2. SI units & common prefixes

3. Electrical circuits

4. Direct current & alternating Current

5. Resistors, Capacitors & Inductors

6. Ohms Law & Kirchoffs Law

7. Power dissipation in Resistors

8. Resistors circuit in Series & Parallel

9. Resistive potential dividers

10. Sinusoidal wave

11. Circuits symbols

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SI units

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Common Prefixes

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Electric Circuits

Electric Charge

An amount of electrical energy

Can be positive or negative

Electric Current

A flow of electrical charge often a flow of electrons

Conventional current is in the direction to a flow of electrons

Current flow in a circuit

A sustained current needs a to complete a circuit

Also require to charge flow

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Electromotive force & Potential difference

The similar that causes a current to flow as an e.m.f

The represents the energy introduced into the circuit by a battery or

generator

This results in on electric potential at each point in the circuit

Between any two point in the circuit there may exit

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Potential Difference

measured n volts

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AC & DC

AC

When current vary with time they may be unidirectional or

alternating

When the direction of the current periodically changes this in a

alternating current (AC)

DC

Current in electrical circuits may be constant it may be vary with

time

When the current flowing in a conductor always flows in the same

direction this is a direct current (DC)

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Resistor, Capacitor & Inductor

Resistors

The oppose flow of electricity

Measured in ohms ()

Capacitor

Provide capacitance

They store energy in a electric field

Measured in Farads (F)

Inductor

Provide inductance

They store energy in a magnetic field

Measured in Henry(H)

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Ohms Law

The current flowing in a conductor is directly proportional to

applied voltage V & inversely proportional to the resistance R

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Kirchhoff's Current Law

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Kirchhoff's Voltage Law

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Power Dissipation in Resistor

The instantaneous power dissipation P of a resistor is given be the product

of the voltage across it and the current passing through it combining the

revalue with Ohms Law

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Resistor in Series Circuit

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Resistor in Parallel Circuit

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Resistive Potential Difference

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Sinusoidal Quantities

Length of time between corresponding points in successive cycle in a

period T

Number of cycle passes per second is the frequency f unit Hz

Formula

f=1/T

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Electrical Circuit Symbols

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AC & DC Supply

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Motor

It converts a Electrical Energy into a Mechanical Energy

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Speed Ns

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Core

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Stator

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Rotor

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Types of MoTors

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AC Motor

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DC Motor

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Motor Construction

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Commutator

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Star-Delta Circuit

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