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BASIC NETWORK ASSEMBLY

IEP 0743

PBL
VLSM CALCULATION AND
ADDRESSING DESIGN

To: Miss Noormelah bt Shamsul Anuar

By: Ahmad Sadikin bin Ibrahim


NWS127625
Haddad ilham bin Bestavianur
NWS127435
GMI German Malaysian Institute
PBL 10%
IEP 0743 Basic Network Assembly

PT

RDC

IE

German-Malaysian Institute (GMI) plans to restructure the assignment of IP address for all
labs and rooms in each department. GMI has 3 separate departments which are Industrial
Electronic (IE), Production Technology (PT) and Research Development Centre (RDC).

In IE, there are 5 computers labs that can be occupied with 60 computers in each lab. There
are 3 other labs that are used by all research students that contain 40 computers in each room.
Furthermore, there are 30 TTO rooms with each room needs to be assigned with one IP
address. All these IPs will be grouped into one subnet.

In RDC, 2 research labs contain 10 PC in each lab needs to assign an IP address. It also has 5
PC for administration staffs. Both labs and administration office need to be assigned in
one subnet.

In PT, there are 3 computer labs need to be connected to the network as well. Each lab will
contain 20 computers. Use one subnet for all these three labs.

IE department and RDC department are connected with point-to-point Router connection.
From RDC to PT the connection will use Frame Relay connection.
GMI is given this private IP network address 10.10.0.0 by CICT. Starting with subnetting the
original address block of 10.10.0.0/16, fill up the following table for all possible subnets
using VLSM. Please show your workflow on how you get the answer.

Name of Subnet mask Network ID Broadcast Add Range of Usable


subnet Host Addresses
IE 255.255.254.0 10.0.0.0 /23 10.0.1.255 10.0.0.1
10.0.1.254
PT 255.255.255.192 10.0.2.0 /26 10.0.2.63 10.0.2.1
10.0.2.63
RDC 255.255.255.224 10.0.2.64 /27 10.0.2.95 10.0.2.65
10.0.2.95
WAN 1 255.255.255.252 10.0.2.96 /30 10.0.2.99 10.0.2.97
10.0.2.98
WAN 2 255.255.255.252 10.0.2.100 /30 10.0.2.103 10.0.2.101
10.0.2.102
RDC

25 hosts

PT IE

60 hosts 450 hosts

What we know

Network address given


Subnetting using VLSM
Start subnetting with prefix /16

What we Dont know

How to combine IPs into one subnet


How many subnet needed
How many host in each department

What we need to know

How to calculate using VLSM


Assign IPs to each subnet
Calculate subnet mask for each subnet
VLSM calculation
IE = 450 = 29 2 = 510
PT = 60 = 26 2 = 62
RDC = 25 = 25 2 = 30
IP Address given
10.0.0.0 /16
IE
0000000|0.00000000 = 10.0.0.0 /23 255.255.254.0 = IE
0000001|0.00000000 = 10.0.2.0 /23
0000010|0.00000000 = 10.0.4.0 /23
Continue,
1111111|0.00000000 = 10.0.254.0 /23
PT
0000001|0.00|000000 = 10.0.2.0 /26 255.255.255.192 = PT
0000001|0.01|000000 = 10.0.2.64 /26
0000001|0.10|000000 = 10.0.2.128 /26
Continue,
0000001|1.11|000000 = 10.0.3.192 /26
RDC
00000010.01|0|00000 = 10.0.2.64 /27 255.255.255.224 = RDC
00000010.01|1|00000 = 10.0.2.96 /27
WAN 1 & WAN 2
00000010.011|000|00 = 10.0.2.96 /30 255.255.255.252 = WAN 1
00000010.011|001|00 = 10.0.2.100 /30 255.255.255.252 = WAN 2
Continue,
00000010.011|111|00 = 10.0.2.124 /30