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Week 10: Refining our Personal CSCL Theories

Introduction: Last week we began the process of collaboratively constructing a group CSCL Theory by identifying and analyzing critical factors that lead to group success in CSCL and ultimately achievement of learning goals. This week we will take the next step in constructing the group theory by applying last week’s analysis to our own personal theories of CSCL, sharing our insights with sub-group members who have similar personal theories, and aggregating this information into an interim sub-group map that will bring us closer constructing a final group theory in the coming weeks. Our objectives for this week are to: • • • • Resolve misconceptions in our personal CSCL theories by incorporating reflections from last week’s factor analysis Further refine our personal CSCL theories through sub-group comparisons Resolve differences of opinion within the sub-group using structured argumentation and evidence Create an aggregated jMAP to reflect sub-group consensus

Activity 10.1 – Update Your Personal Causal Map
Requirements: • • Update Personal Causal Map. Complete by Thursday.

Purpose: • The purpose of this activity is to take another step towards a constructing a shared theory CSCL theory by reflecting on and resolving misconceptions and weaknesses in our own personal CSCL theories.

Objective: • To resolve misconceptions in our personal CSCL theories by incorporating reflections from last week’s factor analysis

Tools and Materials: • • Personal Theory Paper #1 jMAP software configured with factors from Activity 9.5

Instructions: 1. Open the pre-configured jMAP file containing the pre-selected factors that your group have agreed to examine 2. Select FileMenu/SaveAs and save your file using the GroupID followed by your full name 3. Go to MyMap page (or type ctrl-n) 4. Click Edit button located in lower left corner of the page. 5. Click NewLink button to link the given factors. See video on linking factors If your main task is to compare your map to other group member's maps (see sections III and IV), do NOT add new factors to your map (and do not use the New Node+Link button. 6. To annotate and provide explanations for each link you add to your map, click on a link and type Ctrl-R. To edit/delete a comment, repeat this step and enter a blank space to delete the comment. All comments are recorded in the MyMatrix page. 7. Click UpdateMatrix to record links to the MyMatrix page (essential data used later to share and compare maps). If jMAP finds any loose links that are not "connected" to their intended factors, jMAP will locate and highlight (one at a time) the bad link. Once you fix a link, click UpdateMatrix again. 8. When you have completed your causal map, click SubmitMatrix. Enter the established Group ID, your name, and map number to complete the submission process. See uploaded matrix data . 9. Click SubmitMyMap to upload and share your map with group members (see uploaded maps)

Activity 10.2 – Compare Personal Causal Maps
 

Requirements: • • Create sub-groups of 2-3 people based on similarities in personal causal maps. Complete by Friday.

Purpose: • The purpose of this activity is to create small sub-groups in which to compare personal theories of CSCL to make it easier to resolve differences as a larger group later when creating the final group theory.

Objective: • To create sub-groups to compare personal theories by identifying personal causal maps with the most similarities.

Tools and Materials: • Updated Personal Causal Maps created in activity 10.1

Instructions: 1. To download other students' maps, go to MapIndex page (or type ctrl-M). Note that Activity 10.1 must be completed before you can compare your map to other maps. 2. Click 'Download Map Matrices' button. 3. Enter the shared Group ID that your group used to submit each individual map and click OK. 4. Once the map data is downloaded, you will be prompted to type y to proceed. Type y to write the data from each downloaded map into individual matrices. In each downloaded matrix, you will see dark green, light green, and gray colored cells in the matrices that identify links that match and do not match you map (or the data stored in MyMatrix page). Once the download is completed, you will be automatically taken to the MyMap page where you can begin to compare maps. 5. Use the navigational keys described in the table titled Navigational Tools to select maps or matrices you want to compare with your personal map and matrix. As you make comparisons, note that the colors indicate the following: • Dark Green highlights identify links that are present and match in strength values in both your map and the map under comparison. • Light Green highlights the links that are present but do not match in strength values. • Gray highlights the links that are present in your map, but are not present in the map under comparison. 6. Create two subgroups by joining individuals who have the most similar relationships among the factors in their individual causal maps.

Activity 10.3 - Aggregate Individual Maps into a Subgroup Map
Requirements: • • One aggregated causal map created by each sub-group. Complete by Sunday.

Purpose: • The purpose of this activity is to have each subgroup create an aggregated causal map that can later be compared with the other subgroup’s map to form the basis of draft for the final group map to be submitted.

Objective: • To create an aggregated sub-group map using jMAP software that reflects similarities in sub-group members personal CSCL theories.

Tools and Materials: • • Updated Personal Causal Maps created in activity 10.1 jMAP software

Instructions:

1. Go to MapIndex page. 2. Click Select button located at the top left corner of the page. 3. Follow the instructions presented in the prompt to select the specific maps or all the 4. 5.

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maps to aggregate into a collective group map. For example, enter 'a' to select all maps to aggregate into a group map. Click Aggregate button. (You must be connected to the Internet) When prompted, type in a title/name for the collective sub-group map (e.g. sg1). jMAP will now tally the number of times each link was observed in all the maps, and compute the mean strength value of each link based on the values observed in ONLY the maps that possess the link (not across all maps). When asked if you want to round off the mean strength values observed across all the maps selected to the sub-group map, type y or n. Rounding off the decimal values can help to clean up the data by ignoring links that average below .50 in strength value. In the next prompt, you are asked on what criterion you wish to accept or ignore the links. For example, you can enter 25 to include only those links that were present in 25% or more of the maps. Links that were observed in less that 25% of the maps are not included in the sub-group map. Enter a value between 0 and 100 and click OK. Once the maps have been successfully aggregated, go to MyMaps page. Click Compare button located at the bottom left corner of the page. Use the navigational keys ctrl-g or ctrl-l (described under the table titled Navigational Tools) to scroll to and select the sub-group map (e.g. sg1) you wish to compare with your personal map. For example, when your group map appears in the box located above 'ctrl-h', type ctrl-h to superimpose the sub-group map over your personal map. Dark green links identify links with matching strength values present in both your map and the group map. Light green links identify links that are both present in your map and the group map, but with different strength value. Gray links identify the links in your map that are NOT present in the group map. If Ctrl-h is used to compare your map to the sub-group map, clicking ctrl-y (as described in the row titled 'View selected matrix') enables you to see the matrix for the group map. When viewing the group's matrix, the links that are neither highlighted in dark green, light green, or gray identifies the links that are present in the group's map, but are NOT present in your personal map.

Activity 10.4 – Resolve Differences to Form Sub-group Consensus
 

Requirements: • • Four Wiki entries per sub-group member. Complete by Sunday.

Purpose: • The purpose of this activity is to examine potential problems with the causal relationships and discuss strategies to address the specific problems when creating

the first draft of the full group’s causal map in week 11. Objective: • To identify problems with causal relationships and discuss strategies to address the specific problems identified.

Tools and Materials: • Group Wiki Page at (Insert Link)

Instructions: 1. Go to the the group wiki page. 2. Scroll down to the section with the heading Resolving Sub-group Differences. 3. Create an entry for each causal relationship you wish to discuss/explore within your sub-group. 4. Identify the entry by depicting its X→Y relationship and briefly describe the problem. 5. Identify any recommended strategies to overcome the problem identified. 6. Type your name after each entry to receive credit.

 

Activity 10.5 – Assess Team Performance (insert instructions from module 9.)