You are on page 1of 8

DAFTAR PUSTAKA

Andresdottir, M.B., Sigurdsson, G., Sigvaldason, H., Gudnason, V., 2002, Fifteen
Percent Of Myocardial Infarctions And Coronary Revascularizations
Explained By Family History Unrelated To Conventional Risk Factors,
The Reykjavik Cohort Study, ,
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12398822, 14 April 2016.

Anonim, 1996, The Best Biochemical Markers Of Myocardial Infarction


(Review). Scripps News, http://scripplabs.com/pdf/1996summer.pdf, 12
April 2016.

Anonim, 2013, Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2013, Badan Penelitian Dan


Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan RI, Jakarta.

Anonim, 2016, Drugs Checker, http://www.mims.com/indonesia, 12 April 2016.

Anonim, 2016, ECG Of STEMI And NSTEMI,


http://www.Thrombosisadviser.Com/Static/Media/Images/Upload/Ecgand-
Ecgss-Showing-Stemi_And_Nstemi.Jpg, 14 Juni 2016.

Antman, E.M., 2008, Time is muscle: translation into practice, J Am Coll Cardiol,
52:1216 1221.

Anwar, T.B., 2004, Faktor Risiko Penyakit Jantung Koroner,


sulutiptek.com/documents/FaktorRisikoPenyakitJantungKoroner.pdf, 15
April 2016.

CTT, 2010, Efficacy And Safety Of More Intensive Lowering Of LDL


Cholesterol: A Meta-Analysis Of Data From 170000 Participants In 26
Randomised Trials. Cholesterol Treatment Trialists Collaboration, Lancet,
376: 16701681.

Culic, V., Miric, D., Jukic, I., 2003, Acute Myocardial Infarction: Differing
Preinfarction And Clinical Features According To Infarct Site And
Gender, International Journal of Cardiology, 90:189196 cit. Farissa, I.P.,
2012, Komplikasi Pada Pasien Infark Miokard Akut ST- Elevasi (STEMI)
yang Mendapat Maupun Tidak Mendapat Terapi Reperfusi Studi di RSUP
Dr. Kariadi Semarang, Laporan Penelitian, Fakultas Kedokteran
Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang.

Costantini E., Allara E., Patrucco F., Faggiano F., et al., 2016, Adherence To
Guidelines For Hospitalized Community-Acquired Pneumonia Over Time
And Its Impact On Health Outcomes And Mortality,
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27098057, 21 Juni 2016.

95
96

D'Ascenzo, F., Presutti1, D.G., Elisa Picardi, E., et al., 2012, Prevalence And
Non-Invasive Predictors Of Left Main Or Three-Vessel Coronary Disease:
Evidence From A Collaborative International Meta-Analysis Including
22740 Patients, British Cardiovascular Society, 98: 914-919.

Daga L.C., Kaul, U., Mansoor, A., 2011, Approach to STEMI and NSTEMI,
Supplement To Japi, 59:19-25.

Dahlan, M.S., 2013, Besar Sampel dan Cara Pengambilan Sampel dalam
Penelitian Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Edisi 3, Salemba Medika, Jakarta.

Dani dan Gunawan, J., 2015, Karakteristik Penderita Infark Miokardium Di


Rumah Sakit Immanuel Bandung Periode 1 Januari 2012 31 Desember
2012, Tesis, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Maranatha.

Danny, S.S., Roebiono, P.S., Susanto,A.M., Kasim, M., 2009, Faktor-Faktor Yang
Mempengaruhi Kejadian Kardiovaskular Mayor Pada Wanita Pasca Infark
Miokard Akut, Jurnal kardiologi Indonesia, 30(1):3-12.

Fitchett, D.H., Theroux, P., Brophy, J.M., et al., 2011, Assessment and
Management of Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS): A Canadian
Perspective on Current Guideline-Recommended TreatmentPart 2: ST-
Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction, Canadian Journal of
Cardiology, 27 : S402S412.

Firdaus, I., 2011, Pharmacoinvasive Strategy in Acute STEMI, Jurnal Kardiologi


Indonesia, 32: 266-271.

Firman, D., 2010, Intervensi Koroner Perkutan Primer, Jurnal Kardiologi


Indonesia, 31: 112-117.

Furberg, C.D., Psaty, B.M., Meyer, J.V., 1995, Nifedipine: Dose-Related Increase
In Mortality In Patients With Coronary Heart Disease, Circulation,
92:13261331.

Gary, F, 2007, Sindrom Koroner Akut-Farmakologi, diterjemahkan oleh Diana


Lyrawati, https://lyrawati.files.wordpress.com/2008/11/koroner-
akutinfarkmiokard_obat_hosppharm.pdf, 13 April 2016.

Gonzalez, E.R. dan Briggs, G.C., 2006. Acute Myocardial Infarction, dalam:
Helms, R.A., Quan, D.J., Herfindal, E.T., Gourley, D.R. (Eds.), Textbook
of Therapeutics: Drug and Disease Management. Lippincott Williams &
Wilkins, Philadelphia, pp. 597629. cit. Ihsan, M., 2015, Perbandingan
Lama Rawat Inap Di Rumah Sakit Dan Lama Hilangnya Nyeri Dada
Antara Terapi Farmakologik Yang Optimal Dan Nonoptimal Pada Pasien
97

Infark Miokard Akut, Tesis, Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Gadjah Mada,


Yogyakarta.

Haigh, E.,2004, Kamus Ringkas Kedokteran Stedman Untuk Profesi Kesehatan


Edisi ke-4, EGC, Jakarta cit. Prasetyo, R.D., Syafri, M., Elfrida, 2014,
Gambaran Kadar Troponin T dan Creatinin Kinase Myocardial Band
Infark Miokard Akut, Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas, 3(3): 447-451.

Hanratty, B., Lawlor, D.A., Robinson, M.B., et al., 2000, Sex Differences In Risk
Factors, Treatment And Mortality After Acute Myocardial Infarction: An
Observational Study, J Epidemiol Community Health 54:912916.

Harshel, 1994, Estrogen Dan Jenis Kelamin Dalam Pencegahan Penyakit Jantung
Koroner. Penatalaksanaan Praktis Faktor-Faktor Risiko, diterjemahkan
oleh Sukwan Handali. EGC. Jakarta cit. Nelwan, J.E., 2013, Karakteristik
Individu Penderita Penyakit jantung Koroner di Sulawesi Utara tahun
2011, jkesmasfkm.unsrat.ac.id/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/31.pdf, 7 April
2016.

Hidayat, M.W.T.W., 2016, Hubungan Antara Ketepatan Penggunaan Obat Pada


Pasien Usia Lanjut Terhadap Efek Samping Dan Lam Perawatan Di
Bangsal Rawat Inap RSUP Dr Kariadi Semarang, Tesis, Fakultas Farmasi
Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.

Hoehn-Saric, R., dan McLeod, D.R., 1987, Cardiac Symptoms And Anxiety
Disorders: Contributing Factors And Pharmacologic Treatment, The
American Journal of Cardiology, 60: 68J73J.

HOPE, 2000, Effects Of Ramipril On Cardiovascular And Microvascular


Outcomes In People With Diabetes Mellitus: Results Of The HOPE study
and MICRO-HOPE substudy, Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation
(HOPE) Study Investigators, The Lancet, 355: 253259.

Irmalita., Juzar, D.A., Setianto, B.Y., et al., 2014, Pedoman Tatalaksana Sindrom
Koroner Akut, Edisi Ketiga, http: //jki.or.id, 1 Februari 2016.

Isik, T., Ayhan E., Uluganyan, M., et al., 2015, Predictors of Prolonged In-
Hospital Stay After Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for ST-
Elevation Myocardial Infarction,
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26582944, 17 April 2016.

James, A., Goldstein, M.D., Demetris Demetriou, M.D., et al., 2000, Multiple
Complex Coronary Plaques in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction,
N Engl J Med, 343:915-922.
98

Krisnayanti, K.D., 2013, Depresi Dan Cemas Pada Pasien Dengan Sindrom
KoronerAkut,
download.portalgaruda.org/article.php?article=82577&val=970, 15 April
2016.

Kumar., Abbas., Fausto., Aster., 2010, Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of
Disease, 8th. Ed, : Elsevier Saunders, Philadelphia cit. Dani, Gunawan, J.,
2015, Karakteristik Penderita Infark Miokardium Di Rumah Sakit
Immanuel Bandung Periode 1 Januari 2012 31 Desember 2012, Tesis,
Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Maranatha.

Libby P., Theorux P., 2005, Pathophysiology Of Coronary Artery Disease.


Circulation AHA, 111:3481-3488.

Lilly L.S., 2011, Pathophysiology of Heart Disease: Acute Coronary Syndrome


fifth edition, 162-175, Lippicont Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Lloyd, W., Klein, M.D., Nathan, S.M.D., 2003, Coronary Artery Diseases In
Young Adulths, Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Foundation, 41:529-531.

Longenecker, J.C., Alfaddagh, A., Zubaid, M., et al., 2013, Adherence to


ACC/AHA Performance Measures for Myocardial Infarction in Six
Middle-Eastern Countries: Association with In-Hospital Mortality and
Clinical Characteristics, International Journal of Cardiology, 167:1406
1411.

Makdisse, M., Katz, M., Correa, A da G., Forlenza, L.M.A., et al., 2013. Effect
Of Implementing An Acute Myocardial Infarction Guideline On Quality
Indicators. Einstein (Sao Paulo), 11:357-363.

Malinrungi, T.T.W., 2003, Hubungan Antara Luas Infark Miokard Akut


(Berdasarkan Skor Selvester) Dengan Ketahanan Hidup Selama 6 Bulan,
http://eprints.undip.ac.id/14744/1/2003FK593.pdf, 16 April 2016.

Mark, D.B. dan Newby, L.K., 2003, Early hospital discharge after
uncomplicated myocardial infarction: are further improvements
possible?, European Heart Journal, 24: 16131615.

Mechanic, R., dan Tompkins, C., 2012, Lessons Learned Preparing for Medicare
Bundled Payments, N Engl J Med, 367:18731875.

Muchid, A., Umar, F., Chusun., Purnama, N.R., et al, 2006, Pharmaceutical Care
Untuk Pasien Penyakit Jantung Koroner : Fokus Sindrom Koroner Akut,
Direktorat Bina Farmasi Komunitas dan Klinik, Jakarta.
99

Nugroho, A.E., 2012, Farmakologi; Obat-Obat Penting Dalam Pembelajaran


Ilmu Farmasi Dan Dunia Kesehatan, 112-113, Pustaka Pelajar,
Yogyakarta.

Norman, M., Kaplan, M.D, Jeremiah Stamler, M.D, 1994, Preventian Of


Coronary Heart Diseases- Practical Management Of The Risk
Factors,diterjemahkan oleh Sukwan Handali, Edisi 3, 61-72. EGC,
Jakarta cit. Supriyono, M. , 2008, Faktor-Faktor Risiko Yang Berpengaruh
Terhadap Kejadian Penyakit Jantung Koroner Pada Kelompok Usia < 45
Tahun (Studi Kasus Di RSUP Dr. Kariadi Dan RS Telogorejo Semarang),
Tesis, Program Pasca Sarjana Magister Epidemiologi Universitas
Diponegoro, Semarang.

OGara, P.T., Kushner, F.G., Ascheim, D.D., et al, 2013, Task Force on Practice
Guidelines A Report of the American College of Cardiology
Foundation/American Heart Association 2013 ACCF/AHA Guideline for
the Management of ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction, Journal of the
American College of Cardiology, 41:e78-140.

Page, R.L. dan Nappi, J.M., 2012. Acute Coronary Syndrome, dalam: Alldredge,
B.K., Corelli, R.L., Ernst, M.E. (Eds.), Koda-Kimble and Youngs Applied
Therapeutics: The Clinical Use of Drugs. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins,
Philadelphia, pp. 406422. cit Ihsan, M., 2015, Perbandingan Lama
Rawat Inap Di Rumah Sakit Dan Lama Hilangnya Nyeri Dada Antara
Terapi Farmakologik Yang Optimal Dan Nonoptimal Pada Pasien Infark
Miokard Akut, Tesis, Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Gadjah Mada,
Yogyakarta.

Peters, R.J.G., Joyner, C., Bassand, J.P., et al., 2008, The Role Of Fondaparinux
As An Adjunct To Thrombolytic Therapy In Acute Myocardial Infarction:
A Subgroup Analysis Of The OASIS-6 trial, European Heart Journal, 616
: 324-331.

Pfeffer, M.A., Braunwald, E., Moy, L.A., et al., 1992, Effect of Captopril on
Mortality and Morbidity in Patients with Left Ventricular Dysfunction
after Myocardial InfarctionResults of the Survival and Ventricular
Enlargement Trial, N Engl J Med , 327:669-677.

Pfeffer, M.A., McMurray, J.J.V., Velazquez, E.J., et al, 2003, Valsartan,


Captopril, Or Both In Myocardial Infarction Complicated By Heart
Failure, Left Ventric- Ular Dysfunction, Or Both, N Engl J Med,
349:18931906.

Pudjirahardjo, W.J., Poernomo, H., Machfoed, M.H., 1993, Metode Penelitian


dan Statistik Terapan, 56-57, Airlangga University Press, Surabaya.
100

Polikutina, O.M., Slepynina, Y.S., Bazdyrev, E.D., et al., 2015, Impact Of


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease On One-Year Prognosis In
Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial infarction,
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26591553, 16 April 2016.

Rathore, S.S., Gersh, B.J., Berger, P.B., et al., 2001, Acute Myocardial Infarction
Complicated By Heart Block In The Elderly: Prevalence And Outcomes,
Am Heart J, 141(1): 47-54.

Renaldi, O., 2009, Peran Adiponektin Terhadap Kejadian Insulin Pada Sindrom
Metabolik, http; jurnal.pdii.lipi.go.id?admin?jurnal?222086570.pdf, 15
April 2016.

Roberts, R., Rogers, W.J., Mueller, H.S., et al, 1991, Immediate Versus Deferred
Beta-Blockade Following Thrombolytic Therapy In Patients With Acute
Myocardial Infarction: Results Of The Thrombolysis In Myocardial
Infarction (TIMI) II-B Study, Circulation, 83:422437.

Sacks, F.M., Pfeffer, M.A., Moye, L.A., et al., 1996, Cholesterol And Recurrent
Events Trial Investigators. The Effect Of Pravastatin On Coronary Events
After Myocardial Infarction In Patients With Average Cholesterol Levels,
N Engl J Med, 335:10011009.

Shacham, Y., Leshem-Rubinow, E., Steinvil, A., et al., 2015, High Degree
Atrioventricular Block Complicating Acute Myocardial Infarction Treated
With Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Incidence, Predictors
And Outcomes, IMAJ, 17 :298-301.

Saleh, S.S., Callan, M., Therriault, M., and Landor, N., 2010. The cost impact of
hospital-acquired conditions among critical care patients. Medical Care,
48: 518526.

Samsu, N., dan Sargowo, D., 2007, Sensitivitas dan Spesifitas Troponin T dan I
Pada Diagnosis Infark Miokard Akut, Majalah Kedokteran Indonesia, 57:
363-372.

Santoso, M., Setiawan, T., 2005, Penyakit Jantung Koroner, Cermin Dunia
Kedokteran, 147:6-9 cit. Farissa, I.P., 2012, Komplikasi Pada Pasien
Infark Miokard Akut ST- Elevasi (STEMI) yang Mendapat Maupun Tidak
Mendapat Terapi Reperfusi Studi di RSUP Dr. Kariadi Semarang,
Laporan Penelitian, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Diponegoro,
Semarang.

Santoro, G.M., Carabba, N., Migliorini, A.P.G., Valenti, R., 2008, Acute Heart
Failure In Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction Treated With
101

Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Eur J Heart Fail, 10:780


785.

Sasongko, H., 2005, Perbandingan Efektifitas Antara Tramadol Dan Meperidin


Untuk Pencegahan Menggigil Pasca Anestesi Umum, Tesis, Pascasarjana
Magister Ilmu Biomedik dan Program Pendidikan Dokter Spesialis
Anestesiologi Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang.

Susan, M., Petrescu, L., Rivi, A.I., et al,. 2005, Dual Renin Angiotensin System
Blockade In Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction And Preserved
Left Ventricular Systolic Function, Rom J Intern Med, 43(3-4) : 98-187.

Spencer, F.A., Meyer, T.E., Goldberg, R.J, et al., 2002, Heterogeneity In The
Management And Outcomes Of Patients With Acute Myocardial
Infarction Complicated By Heart Failure, The National Registry Of
Myocardial Infarction Circulation, 105:2605-2610.

Steg, G., James, S.K., Atar, D., et al., 2012, ESC Guidelines For The Management
of Acute Myocardial Infarction in Patients Presenting with ST-Segment
Elevation, European Heart Journal, 33: 2569-2619.

Stern, M.P., 1979, The Recent Decline In Ischemic Heart Disease Mortality, Ann
Intern Med, 91(4): 630-640 cit. Supriyono, M. , 2008, Faktor-Faktor
Risiko Yang Berpengaruh Terhadap Kejadian Penyakit Jantung Koroner
Pada Kelompok Usia < 45 Tahun (Studi Kasus Di RSUP Dr. Kariadi Dan
RS Telogorejo Semarang), Tesis, Program Pasca Sarjana Magister
Epidemiologi Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang.

Sudoyo, A.W., Setiyohadi, B., Alwi, I., et al., 2010, Buku Ajar Ilmu Penyakit
Dalam Jilid II, Edisi V, Interna Publishing, Jakarta cit. Farissa, I.P., 2012,
Komplikasi Pada Pasien Infark Miokard Akut ST- Elevasi (STEMI) yang
Mendapat Maupun Tidak Mendapat Terapi Reperfusi Studi di RSUP Dr.
Kariadi Semarang, Laporan Penelitian, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas
Diponegoro, Semarang.

Sukandar, E.Y., Andrajati, R., Sigit, J.I., 2013, Iso Farmakoterapi Buku 1, Isfi,
Jakarta.

Sungkar M.A., Kalim H., Karim S., 2008, Trigliseridemia Postprandial Sebagai
Faktor Prediksi Kejadian Kardiak Sindroma Koroner Akut Berulang,
Jurnal Kardiologi Indonesia, 29:5-11.

Supriyono, M. , 2008, Faktor-Faktor Risiko Yang Berpengaruh Terhadap


Kejadian Penyakit Jantung Koroner Pada Kelompok Usia < 45 Tahun
(Studi Kasus Di RSUP Dr. Kariadi Dan RS Telogorejo Semarang), Tesis,
102

Program Pasca Sarjana Magister Epidemiologi Universitas Diponegoro,


Semarang.

Tandhana, F.I., Noormartany, Aprami T.M., Tristina N., 2012, Kadar N-Terminal
Pro-Brain Natriuretic Peptide Sebagai Prediktor Luaran Klinis Sindrom
Koroner Akut, Majalah Kedokteran Bandung, 44(2):106-113.

Tarigan, E., 2003, Hubungan Kadar Troponin-T Dengan Gambaran Klinis


Penderita Sindroma Koroner Akut,
http://library.usu.ac.id/download/fk/penydalam-elias%20tarigan.pdf, 15
April 2016.

Torry, S.R.V., Panda, A.L., Ongkowijaya, J., 2014, Gambaran Faktor Risiko
Sindrom Koroner Akut, Jurnal E-Clinic,2: 1-8.

Vavalle, J.P., Lopes, R.D., Chen, A.Y., et al,. 2012. Hospital Length Of Stay In
Patien With Non-ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction. The
American Journal Of Medicine. 125:1085-1094.

Wijns, W., Kolh, P., Danchin, N., Mario, C.D., et al., 2010, Guidelines On
Myocardial Revascularization, Eur Heart J. 31:25012555.

Wijaya, Sylvia, 2006, Pola Pengobatan Pasien Infark Miokard Akut (IMA) yang
Menjalani Rawat Inap di Rumkital DR.Ramelan Surabaya Mulai Awal
Agustus 2004 Hingga Akhir Juli 2005,
http://digilib.ubaya.ac.id/pustaka.php/149918, 15 April 2016.

World Health Organization, 2014, The Top Ten Causes Of Death,


http://www.Who.Int/Mediacentre/Factsheets/Fs310/En/, 18 Maret 2015.

Yusnidar, 2007, Faktor-Faktor Risiko Penyakit Jantung Koroner Pada Wanita


Usia > 45 Tahun (Studi Kasus Di RSUP Dr. Kariadi Semarang), Tesis,
Program Pascasarjana Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang.

Zharov, E.I., Vertkin, A.L., Martynov, A.I., Salnikov, S.N., 1991, Comparative
Evaluation Of Intravenous Isosorbide Dinitrate And Nitroglycerin In
Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction,
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1760833, 15 April 2016.