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Hybrid Video Solution in One Picture

Digital Home Documentation Team

Context Application Scenario Logical Architecture
Ever since TV was invented, home video services have undergone many phases from analog TV, digital TV (DVB), to IPTV and hybrid video. Functions of Key NEs
Support convergence of DVB, IPTV, and OTT, convergence of either two of the domains, or any single domain.
Content Internet BSS Headend
Content Aggregation Social TV Provider CP/SP Receives and converts satellite signals or media files to media streams
Internet Application or files that meet service standards. Mainstream headend vendors in
IPTV cooperation with Huawei: Harmonic and Envivio
Ingest content/service Synchronize operation
OTT metadata and NMS information CA
Encrypts content and protects services based on certificates and keys
Hybrid Video Platform to prevent unauthorized subscribers from using services. Mainstream
CA vendors in cooperation with Huawei: Verimatrix, Microsoft, and
Headend UMS O&M ODS
DVB Provides auxiliary functions such as statistical reports and content
Hybrid Video Platform CA recommendation.
Watch TV Higher definition Catch-up TV Play on TV TVMS UMS
Operation management platform, provides functions such as
ODS management of content, services, products, subscribers, partners, and
LCAP devices.
Pushes graphic or text messages to subscribers, such as service
Rich live TV channels with high quality Highly interactive DVB PRS Pro SQM recommendations, various information, and quizzes.
DVB providers hold the copyright of most Supports VOD and live TV derivative services such MEM
Huawei Hybrid Video as recording, TSTV, and download Cable Synchronizes content, service, product, and subscriber data from the
content Internet Managed
Solution converges Network Provision services Authenticate and authorize UMS, and responds to requests (such as service authentication and
Huge number of subscribers all the advantages of Supports development of more VASs and some Network
product subscription requests) from user devices based on the
... DVB, IPTV, and OTT Internet services User Device OTT Devices synchronized data.
Note: The DVB-C platform capabilities are
services. ... provided, but matching STBs are not. STB PC IOS Devices Android Devices MDN
Streaming media delivery platform developed by Huawei, provides
functions such as media content storage, distribution, and playback.
OTT IPTV STB Various tools used for system operation and management (such as the
HUAWEI Carrier or third- HUAWEI or third- I2000, LCAP, and SQM) to efficiently manage and maintain the system,
OTT STB system party systems party systems and troubleshoot system and service faults.

Rich Internet resources Hybrid STB

Supports a variety of smart user devices, such as Android STB, Android Hybrid STB
Mobile Hybrid STB
phone/tablet, iPhone/iPad, PC
Low bandwidth requirements, promising prospect in subscriber development Operation Management Device Software Upgrade
Carriers can use the Upgrade Server to upgrade the STB and OTT client
software, and use the TMS to upgrade and manage the STB software.
External Interfaces Typical Features The Hybrid Video Solution provides a unified operation platform for the
STB software upgrade
roles involved in various operation phases. Schedule an
Upgrade Server
Huawei Hybrid Video Solution provides various open interfaces and integrates third-party content management systems, carriers' management systems, System admin Carrier admin Carrier operator CP admin CP operator Detect a new version via heartbeat
Compare the versions,
and various user devices to implement service introduction, centralized management, and service experience on multiple user devices. 1 messages
3 and detect a new version
Subscribers can browse, purchase, and watch video running 2 Obtain upgrade files Upgrade powers on 4 Obtain upgrade files Upgrade
Content Provider CRM Billing content they prefer from a library of videos. During Live broadcast of SD or HD channel programs. Server Server
playback, they can perform interactive operations
Interface for monitoring alarms Content ingestion interface Subscription CDR collection such as pause, play, and fast-forward. OTT client software upgrade
Interface for monitoring status Schedule import interface data collection interface
interface Includes PC/Mac software upgrade, and iOS and Android client software upgrade.
Interface for monitoring QoS VOD Live TV
Interface for collecting logs Message push EDS
interface The system finds the content that may interests Carriers record Live TV programs on the HMS and 2
O&M TVMS APNS or GCM Basic Config Content Mgmt Product Mgmt Service Handling Schedule an
OSS UMS subscribers based on their' playback behavior and offer them to subscribers as VOD programs, which Upgrade Server Upgrade
recommends content to subscribers accordingly. subscribers can watch in specified periods. Create carrier Prepare content Create content/ Register accounts
Report data upload Compare the versions, Server
Recommendation Catch-up TV admins/operators Create content service/bundle Manage subscriber 3 and detect a new version
interface Create CP Bind content to products information
Hybrid Video Platform Report Data Warehouse iOS& APP Store
admins/operators categories Create campaign Manage Obtain upgrade files Android
DVB-S interface 4
Headend Create categories ... products subscription PC/Mac Upgrade
Satellite TV Network ... ... ... Server
Carriers push messages to subscribers,
MDN MEM such as program recommendations, message TSTV
The system records a specified period of live TV
weather forecast, and TV shopping
programs in the network storage. When watching Charging Management Report Statistics
Media stream User device upgrade interface programs, subscriber can perform time-shift
interface Heartbeat interface Parental nPVR operations such as pause, rewind, and fast-forward. To facilitate charging on subscribers, the system provides charging Help carriers analyze system running, service operation, and subscriber
Control management for carriers. behavior in order to adjust operation and maintenance policies accordingly.
User Devices OTT Devices Message push interface Charging process
DVB-S interface
STB PC IOS Devices Android Devices Parents set the highest content ratings After purchasing nPVR storage and nPVR products, Data Data Data
allowed for family members to control subscribers can record programs, and watch source collection analysis
Satellite recorded programs for unlimited times within their Product Service Online subscription
their access to content.
validity periods. Subscription in shops
HUAWEI system Carrier or third HUAWEI or third Bundle
Party systems Party systems Carriers define Subscribers Intelligent analysis reports
products purchase products
Content/subscriber Collect Customize reports, provide
data Sort report subjects
The system
Fault Maintenance generates CDRs
Subscribers pay Media data
Details query
Quickly obtain details from
CDRs are used

Unified NMS
Reliability for settlement.
Bonus point redemption
behavior logs
Combine massive amount of data
Intelligent recommendation
Overload Control ...
... Intelligent mining, intelligent
The I2000, NMS of the Hybrid Video Solution, performs fault alarm and performance monitoring in a unified manner. It provides the graphical monitoring
views, which clearly display the performance data of each NE. Prevent system faults caused by intensive access by restricting recommendation ...

Alarm Handling Procedure Current Alarms Layer-based Redundancy subscriber quantity, specifying bandwidth, and scheduling resources.
EDS overload When the number of concurrent
control example requests sent to an EDS node

1 Redundancy at a POP: When a

fault occurs at a POP, services are
Center Node Disaster Node
exceeds the threshold, no more
scheduling requests are sent to
the EDS node.
Configure Alarm View Alarm Acknowledge Alarm Diagnose Fault Rectify Fault scheduled to another node at the
Cleared Alarm
Management layer
Performance Monitoring 2 Redundancy among POPs: When
a POP is faulty, services are

Performance View Harden the security of the operating systems, databases,
scheduled to another POP in the EDS 1 EDS 2 EDS 3 EDS n
same region. IP Network storage, service system (web container, USM server, digital ...
certificates, SFTP/SSH), and provide antivirus protection
3 Region redundancy: When a
region is faulty, services are Edge Node Edge Node

Creating Creating Enable Add Query

scheduled to another region or the
center node.
POP POP Load Balancing Application layer Damage
a Performance a Performance Performance Performance Performance POP POP Security objectives Service security technologies: validation mechanism,
Counter Template Collection Task Monitoring Monitoring View Monitoring Data
POP The HMS and EPG are deployed in distributed manner to achieve
4 Center node redundancy: When POP parental control, and content encryption
the center node is faulty, services
redundancy and scheduled based on load balancing policies.
General security technologies: password security,
are scheduled to the disaster node. DDoS
In content and service HMS HMS authentication security, access control and authorization, Hijack

Probe-based Link Fault Diagnosis STB STB
provisioning, load
balancing is achieved Central POP In content distribution,
load balancing is
encryption, session management, input verification,
interface protocol security, protection against DDoS, logs
among POPs. system
Provide comprehensive service quality management and user device management by distributed deployment of probes, centralized data achieved among HMSs. Attack
collection, one-stop user device management, and complete report statistics. Probe Type System layer threats
HMS built-in probe HMS built-in probes: monitor the quality of network transmission
Service Quality Assurance HMS HMS
Network HMS HMS Harden the security of the operating systems, databases,

PCF MQMC STB built-in probe storage, service system (web container, digital certificates,
between POPs. Edge POP Edge POP
External probes Forward error correction (FEC), retransmission (RET), fast channel change SFTP/SSH port separation ), and provide antivirus protection Unauthorized
STB built-in probes: monitor stream receiving quality of the STB. (FCC) resolve problems such as frame freezing and erratic display, and access
2 (Optional) External probes: monitor the quality of stream output enhances user experience. Content distribution Network Layer
Edge POP
2 2
from the Hybrid Video encoder. FEC principle Request and service Divide the system into the management, signaling, and XSS
3 Edge HMS
(Optional) External probes on bearer devices: monitor the service FEC encoding: The MRF encapsulates the received multicast media streams The EPG is scheduled by the EDS by polling among EPG groups or service planes, configure security zones on the firewall, set Deception
through RTP, generates FEC redundancy packets, and sends encapsulated in an EPG group to achieve load balancing. cross-zone access control, service switch access control,
Metro IP Core quality in the transmission.
DSLAM/OLT BRAS media streams and FEC redundant packets. network device permission control, and configure interface
STB MRF Monitoring Points EPG group A (Slave) and protocol security and DDoS firewall
FEC decoding: The STB decodes data in the RTP packets and restores lost
1 Live TV source 2 Links (unicast/multicast) 3 User devices EDS
packets based on the FEC redundant packets to obtain correct media streams. EPG EPG Cluste
Central POP 2 2
Backup and Restore Backup
Initial installation Routine maintenance Source 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 Network
EPG group B (Slave) EPG group D (Master)
Security documents
Critical OS upgrade Application upgrade MRF Security Technical White Paper
Scenarios 1 Multicast 2 Encapsulate media 3 Receive the
The Hybrid Video Solution provides multiple backup schemes of media stream streams through RTP multicast stream IP
different types and levels. Baseline backup Dynamic backup EPG EPG Network EPG EPG Password Change Guide
1 2 4 5 6 1
Database: use RAID10 or RAID1 as external disks Edge POP Edge POP Communications Matrix
OS: use RAID1 as built-in disks DCRP
EPG group C (Slave)
Security Configuration Guide
Baseline restore BBDRP 1 2 3 4
BDI: use RAID0 as external disks Restore STB
The databases, configuration files, logs, and CDRs scenarios DR restore Application file loss or Polling among groups EPG EPG
damage 5 Proper 4 Restore
are incrementally or fully backed up. playback lost packets Polling in a group Edge POP STB
OS or device Site disaster Database data loss
damage recovery or damage

DVB Digital Video Broadcasting IPTV Internet Protocol Television OTT Over the Top DVB-S Digital Video Broadcasting-Satellite DVB-C Digital Video Broadcasting-Cable STB Set Top Box CP Content Provider

SP Service Provider BSS Business Support System OSS Operations Support System CA Conditional Access ODS Operation Decision System UMS Unified Management System IB Integration Bus

MDN Media Delivery Network MEM Media Entertainment Middleware TVMS TV Message System O&M Operation and Maintenance LCAP Log and CDR Archiving Platform SQM Service Quality Management CRM Customer Relationship Management

VOD Video on Demand TSTV Time Shift TV nPVR Network Personal Video Recording EDS EPG Distributing Server ISA Interactive Self Analysis EPG Electronic Program Guide HMS HUAWEI Media Server

POP Point Of Presence RRS Request Routing Server MRF Media Relay Function FEC Forward error correction RET Retransmission FCC Fast Channel Change RTP Real-time Transport Protocol

MQMC Media Quality Monitor Center PCF Probe Convergence Function BRAS Broadband Remote Access Server OLT Optical Line Terminal DSLAM Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer BBDRP Baseline Backup Disaster Recovery Plan DCRP Dynamic Content Recovery Plan

DoS Denial of Service DDOS Distributed Denial of Service

Note: This picture shows the basic capabilities of Hybrid Video Solution V200R008C00, which are different from the capabilities provided at sites.