You are on page 1of 25


Sarah Lacy,
Yes, the Only 3% of venture backed companies have female
CEOs. (Black male founders got 2% and black women

Valley is did not register in the data.)

98% of VCs on senior investing teams are white or

sexist. Asian males.

Across the largest tech companies, women make up
one-third of the workforce. But in the highest-earning,
highest-profile engineering ranks that falls to just 10%
Pay gap for women in tech is as high as 28% at the
engineer level (Uber actually wrote an internal program
to exploit this and pay women as little as possible!)
This is getting worse not better.
No, its not In 1981 women outpaced men earning the most college

a pipeline By 2026, its expected to be at a ratio of 3:2

At Stanford and UC Berkeley 50% of the introductory
problem. computer science students are women.
According to USA Today, top universities graduate black
and Hispanic computer science and engineering students
at twice the rate tech companies actually hire them.
Out of 5,300 women with engineering degrees surveyed
by the National Science Foundation, nearly 40% were not
working as engineers.
For every 100 women promoted to manager, 130 men are
Only 20% of women at the VP level are in line to become
Data:White Less than 5% of white men surveyed said a lack of
diversity was a top problem in tech.

men in tech Only 25% were aware of any formal efforts to make
their companies more inclusive

largely 40% were sick of hearing about it

DGAF L 80% of female VCs said theyd witnessed sexism in

tech; only 28% of men did.
Nearly 50% of non-white founders had witnessed
racism; only 10% of white founders had.
45% of investors still blame the pipeline. (Sigh)
Bro culture The hard-driving bro culture [confuses] the pursuit of
money with the pursuit of masculinity. -- Joan

is a form of Williams
Men are victims in bro-land too: Real man syndrome

toxic and precarious manhood requires masculinity has to

be earned over and over again.

masculinity How? Bigger valuations, more laws broken, more risk

It isnt a surprise that much toxic masculinity has lead
to over-the-top sexual harassment. Its another thrilling
In the
First Round found companies with female founders
performed 63% better than all-male teams; Kauffman

Valley, toxic
Foundation found female tech entrepreneurs generated
35% higher returns; and Women.VC found that female
VCs also posted higher returns on average.
masculinity Gender diverse teams perform far better

> data 50 hours a week is the most you can work without
increased risk of cardiovascular issues, relationship
problems, weigh gain, depression, injury and plenty of
other issues
Productivity also declines after 50 a week.
The Monthly Labor Review found that people who
believe they work 75+ hrs a week were off by as much as
25 hours
In 2017, the
bubble has
Rape 43% of female undergrad students at Stanford
experience sexual assault or sexual misconduct.

culture at By attending one fraternity party a month, a womans

odds of sexual assault go up by more than 30%. They

Silicon have to go to the location of greatest danger.

And yet, sororities at Stanford can only have parties
Valleys with alcohol if they do them at Fraternity houses.

feeder If I told you your child has a 43 percent chance of

experiencing a gunshot wound at Stanford, you

schools wouldnt send them there. But for some reason, with
sexual assault, its just seen as the cost of doing
business -- Michele Dauber, Stanford Law
Faulty If you look at [Amazon founder Jeff] Bezos, or
[Netscape founder Marc] Andreessen, [Yahoo

pattern cofounder] David Filo, the founders of Google, they all

seem to be white, male, nerds whove dropped out of

recognition Harvard or Stanford and they absolutely have no social

life. That correlates more with any other success factor
that Ive seen in the worlds greatest entrepreneurs. --
John Doerr in 2008 encouraging bias to get good
returns (and forgetting Asian Yahoo co-founder Jerry
Yang )


Cult of the The legend of Sean Parker and the social game of
venture capital

founder Founder control has led to a culture of no board

VCs believed they were investing in Travis Kalanick, not
Uber. It was only after years of scandal, rampant
sexism, potentially criminal actions to silence critics,
allegedly stealing trade secrets, a DOJ investigation
that the two became divisible. (And several board
members and 1,000 Uber employees want him back)
Disruption! When you are funded to break laws, how do you decide
which laws are the ones that are OK to break?
Uber was celebrated for breaking laws when it came to
taxis. Why are we surprised the same culture is
breaking other laws like sexual harassment and
stealing trade secrets?
Toxic masculinity breeds in cultures that fetishize
disruption its all about taking the bigger risk,
breaking the most laws
A generation of entrepreneurs were told to asking
forgiveness not permission. And were shocked
theyre grabbing women?
No VCs kept assuming there would be an economic crash
and that would drive a lot of these excesses out of the

economic system, just like post-2000.

But it never came: Low interest rates and a glut of

crash foreign capital have kept this party going

This has allowed startups to stay private longer,
leading to higher valuations than weve seen in Silicon
Valley history and no accountability over those
Its like giving a mischievous toddler a bag of sugar
instead of a time out
"They looked Both Trump and Uber launch personal attacks on
female journalists to silence them
from Travis Both Trump and Uber routinely lie.

to Trump and Both blame and shame their own victims of sexual
assault. (Trump: She isnt attractive enough! Uber: She
from Trump was dressed provocatively!)

to Travis, but
Both had a protected inner circle of bros who are above
the law

it was Enablers and apologists say both Trump and Travis just
need to grow up
impossible to From Witch Hunts to fake news Valley bros are

say which increasingly using the same language Trump does

was which"
The same way a flu shot mobilizes the immune
system, he is helping us find our voice. He will be the

for bros,
catalyst who helps us make a major leap forward
around equality.One hundred percent of the women I

know have experienced sexual harassment. We keep it
in the dark. Julie Hanna

Trump The careerism feminism of Lean In is no longer

sufficient in a world where our rights are being taken

energized away.
Women of my generation want to be identified as
feminism female founders for the first time, and fight for other
female founders
The post- Ellen Pao was our Anita Hill moment, where a woman
stood up in a court of law and said what wed all

Ellen Pao experienced wasnt OK.

Susan Fowler risked her career coming forward and

world brought down the most untouchable bro in Valley

The victims of Binary Capital went on the record, and
within weeks toppled the entire firm.
These women have increasingly been treated like
heroes, not pariahs.
This is a seismic shift. This has never happened in the
Valley before.
What men This isnt your conversation to lead (KELSO!)
Just because you havent seen it, doesnt mean it isnt

need to stop rampant

Beware the walk back! Dont say someone is a good
doing guy because of a momentary apology
Dont hire or *give a favorable review* to a known
The following phrases are all red flags: It was a phase
That was locker room talk Boys will be boys! This
CEO of a multibillion dollar company just needs to
grow up! If a woman is saying it It cant be sexist!
This doesnt happen here!
What No more cool girl-ism.

women need Never say: Well, hes never done that to me

to stop Feeling shame: No matter what you were wearing, no

doing matter where it happened, a man exploiting a massive

power asymmetry to hit on you or grope you makes
him a predator. Period.
What men Pioneer the use of software systems to anonymously
record the details of abuse or harassment when it

need to start occurs and detects patterns

If you know you have a predator fire him before a

doing journalist calls. Because more is coming out everyday.

Dont ever say these words: We dont have a problem
with sexism and racism! Instead: Do an investigation
to uncover the truth.
VCs: Hire more than one female partner and force
startups to have inclusion EARLY.
If you have a power position at a major university
demand action on sexual assault
(Or put more simply)
What Speaking up.
Receipts! Paper trails are bringing predators down.

women need Find a local network of women to help you (or create

to keep
Amplify other women when they come forward. Make

doing them heroes.

If you come forward to HR or the press, know what
your goal is
Fear of being called an attention whore is the
patriarchys voice in your head. Silence it.
We probably need a big, painful legal win.

You. Are. Not. Alone.

(Everyone else: @sarahcuda on