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LET Reviewer Professional Education Prof. Ed.: c.

Foundations of Education Part 1 d. Existentialism
1. The Department of Education gives greater emphasis Answer: C
on the development of basic skills. What is the
philosophical basis for this? 7. Virtue as one component in the teaching of Rizal as a
a. Essentialism course focuses on the teaching of good and beauty
b. Existentialism consistent with the good and beauty in God. What
c. Perennialism philosophy supports this?
d. Pragmatism a. Existentialism
Answer: A b. Idealism
c. Progressivism
2. Teacher M views his students as unique, free- d. Social Reconstructionism
choosing and responsible individuals. All classroom Answer: B
activities revolve around the said premise. What theory
underlies this? 8. Giving education the highest budgetary allocation, the
a. Essentialism Philippine government recognizes the possible
b. Existentialism contribution of its future citizens to the national
c. Progressivism development goals of the Philippine society. Which
d. Realism stressed this goal of education for social transformation?
Answer: B a. Athenian education
b. Followers of Christ
3. Religious rituals in the classroom and in the school c. Greek education
programs prove the deep natural religiosity of the d. Roman education
Filipinos. Which philosophy has greatly contributed to Answer: D
the tradition?
a. Buddhism 9. The progressivists emphasized the individuality of the
b. Confucianism child. What is the concern of the reconstructionists?
c. Hinduism a. Experiential learning
d. Islam b. Socialization
Answer: B c. Social problem
Answer: C
4. In order to make Roman education truly utilitarian,
how should the day-to-day lessons be taught? 10. One of the following quotations does not conform to
a. Taught in the students' native dialect the Christian doctrine of Education for Humanitarianism.
b. Taught interestingly through the play way method Which one is it?
c. Related and linked to the events happening in a. Do unto others as you would like others do unto you
everyday life b. Love they neighbor as thyself
d. Practiced at home under the guidance of their c. Not on bread alone is man to live but on every
respective parents. utterance that comes from mouth of God
Answer: C d. Whatever good things we do to our poor, helpless
brothers, we do it for God.
5. Which influenced the military training requirements Answer: C
among students in the secondary and tertiary levels?
a. Chinese 11. Scouting and Citizen's Army Training (CAT) give
b. Greeks training in character-building, citizenship training, etc.
c. Orientals Which leads to the creation of a new social order and a
d. Romans new society eventually. What philosophy supports this?
Answer: D a. Existentialism
b. Perennialism
6. Which philosophy has the educational objective to c. Progressivism
indoctrinate Filipinos to accept the teachings of the d. Social reconstructionism
Catholic church which is foster faith in God? Answer: D
a. Realism
b. Pragmatism 12. Teacher V demonstrated the technique on how to
group students according to their needs and interests 17. Every first day of the school year, Miss Reyes
and how to use self-paced instructional materials. Which prepared activities which will make her Grade 2 children,
philosophy is manifested in this activity? sing, plan, learn and introduce themselves to the class.
a. Essentialism What process did the teacher emphasize?
b. Progressivism a. Acculturation
c. Realism b. Enculturation
d. Social Reconstructionism c. Indoctrination
Answer: B d. Socialization
Answer: D
13. Teacher G, a Christian Living teacher, puts so much
significance on values development and discipline. What 18. Which program in the educational system seems to
could be her educational philosophy? be aligned to the Christian humanitarian principle
a. Idealism respect for the human personality?
b. Pragmatism a. The alternative learning system delivery
c. Progressivism b. The functional literacy program for the out-of-school
d. Realism youth and adults
Answer: A c. The promotion of the basic human rights of the Filipino
d. The study of the Philippine Constitution
14. Which one does not illustrate the principle that rights Answer: C
and duties are correlative?
a. The right of an unmarried pregnant teacher to abort 19. With a death threat over his head, Teacher Liza is
her baby in relation to her duty to protect her name and directed to pass an undeserving student, if she is a
her job as a teacher hedonist, which of the following will she do?
b. The right of a state to compel students to military a. Don't pass him, live her principle of justice. She will
service is reciprocated by the duty of the state to protect get reward, if not in this life, in the next.
them. b. Don't pass him. She surely will not like someone to
c. The right to a living wage involves the duty of the give you a death threat in order to pass.
school administrators to give the salary agreed upon and c. Pass the student. That will be of use to her, the
the duty of the teachers to give a fair amount of work. student and his parents.
d. The right to life of children and to be given respect of d. Pass the student. Why suffer the threat?
such right. Answer: D
Answer: A
20. Which philosophy approves a teacher who lectures
15. Why should a teacher take the obligation upon most of the time and requires his students to memorize
himself to study and understand the custom and the rules of grammar?
traditions of the community where he works? a. Existentialism
a. To change the culture of the community. b. Idealism
b. To have a sympathetic attitude for the people of the c. Pragmatism
community. d. Realism
c. To identify the weaknesses of the culture of the Answer: B
d. To please the people of the community. 21. In a student conducted, the pupils were asked which
Answer: B nationality they would prefer if given a choice. Majority of
the pupils wanted to be Americans. In this case, in which
16. A teacher who is a recognized expert in carpentry obligation relative to the state are schools seemed to be
works, taught his students how to prepare and construct failing?
good and aesthetic furniture from local resources. What a. Instill allegiance to the constitutional authorities
cultural transmission process is this? b. Promote national pride
a. Acculturation c. Promote obedience to the laws of the state
b. Enculturation d. Respect for all duly constituted authorities.
c. Indoctrination Answer: B
Answer: B 22. Which subject in the elementary and likewise in the
secondary schools are similar to the goal of Rome to
train the students for citizenship? needs. What philosophy is related to this?
a. Communication ARts a. Existentialism
b. MAPEH/PEHMS b. Progressivism
c. Realism
c. Science
d. Social reconstructionism
d. THE/TLE Answer: D
Answer: D
4. What philosophy is related to the practice of schools
23. Which of the following schools practices is not based acting as laboratory for teaching reforms and
on Social Reconstructionism? experimentation?
a. Establishment of SDF a. Essentialism
b. Existentialism
b. Exemption of Scouts from CAT
c. Progressivism
c. Promoting culture and arts in schools d. Social Reconstructionism
d. Promoting project WOW Answer: C
Answer: C
5. Which of the following situations presents a value
24.Which of the following is the focus of the Japanese conflict?
education in the Philippines? a. The teacher and his students have class standing as
their priorities.
a. Democratic ideals and nationalism
b. The teacher and the administrator follow a set of
b. Love and service to one's country criteria in giving grades.
c. Religion and love for Asian brothers c. The teacher has students whose parents want their
d. Vocational and health education children to obtain higher grades than what they are
Answer: D capable of getting.
d. The teacher sets high expectations for intelligent
students such as getting higher grades.
25. According to reconstructionism, the goal of education
Answer: C
is to bring about a new social order. Which practice best
manifests this view? 6. Which situation shows that a sense of nationhood is
a. The class conducts scientific experiments to discover exemplified?
or verify concepts. a. The class conducted a debate using Filipino as
b. The class discusses role models and their impact on medium
society. b. The class is required to watch the TV sitcom of Oprah
to improve their English communication skills.
c. The class allowed to engage in divergent thinking.
c. The class opted to make a choral rendition of the
d. The class undertakes well-planned projects in the theme song of a foreign movie.
community. d. When Teacher Chris asked her Grade 2 students in
Answer: D what country they wish to live, most of them chose
United States.
LET Reviewer Professional Education Prof. Ed.: Answer: A
Foundations of Education Part 2
1. Teacher A, a Values Education teacher emphasizes 7. A teacher who believes in the progressivist theory of
ethics in almost all her lessons. Which of the following education would embrace certain reforms on
emphasizes the same? methodology. Which reform would be consistent with this
a. Liberal Education theory?
b. Moral Education a. Active participation of teachers
c. Religious Training b. Formal instructional pattern
d. Social Education c. Strict external discipline
Answer: B d. Teacher domination of class activities
Answer: A
2. Which reform in the Philippine Educational System
advocates the use of English and Filipino as media of
instruction in specific learning areas? 8. What philosophy of education advocates that the
a. Alternative Learning curriculum should only include universal and unchanging
b. Bilingual Education truths?
c. K-12 Program a. Essentialism
d. Multilingual Education b. Idealism
Answer: B c. Perennialism
d. Pragmatism
3. Activities planned by school clubs/ organizations show Answer: C
school-community connection geared towards society's
9. Which of the following is not a function of the school? philosophy of education?
a. Changing cultural practices a. Reconsider existing educational goals in the light of
b. Development of attitudes and skills society's needs
c. Reproduction of species b. Provide the academic background prerequisite to
d. Socialization among children learning
Answer: C c. Define the goals and set the direction for which
education is to strive
10. Which move liberalized access to education during d. Aid the learner to build his own personal philosophy
Spanish period? Answer: C
a. The education of illiterate parents
b. The establishment of at least one primary school for 17. Homeroom advisers always emphasize the
boys and girls in each municipality importance of cleanliness of the body. Children are
c. The hiring of tribal tutors to teach children taught how to wash their hands before and after eating.
d. The provision of vocational training for school age What is this practice called?
children a. Folkway
Answer: B b. Laws
c. Mores
11. Which of the following is the chief aim of Spanish d. Social norm
education? Answer: D
a. Conformity and militarism
b. Perpetuation of culture 18. Which curricular move served to strengthen spiritual
c. Propagation of the Catholic religion and ethical values?
d. Utilitarianism and conformity a. Integration of creative thinking in all subject
Answer: C b. Introduction of Values education as a separate subject
12. Which of the following is the aim of our education c. Reducing the number of subject areas into skill
during the Commonwealth period? subject
a. Designed after Japanese education d. Re-introducing science as a subject in Grade 1
b. Patterned after the American curriculum Answer: B
c. Predominantly religious
d. Purely nationalistic and democratic 19. The greatest happiness lies in the contemplative use
Answer: D of mind, said Plato. Which of the following activities
adheres to this?
13. Which of the following is not a reason why the basic a. Cooperative learning
education curriculum has been restructured? b. Instrospection
a. To become globally competitive during this industrial c. Role Playing
age d. Social Interaction
b. To be relevant and responsive to a rapidly changing Answer: B
c. To empower the Filipino learners for self- 20. Your teacher is of the opinion that the word and
development throughout their life. everything in it are ever changing and so teaches you
d. To help raise the achievement level of students the skill to cope with the changes. Which in his
Answer: D governing philosophy?
a. Experimentalism
14. Which philosophy of education influence the singing b. Existentialism
of the National Anthem in schools? c. Idealism
a. Nationalism d. Realism
b. Naturalism Answer: A
c. Pragmatism
d. Socialism 21. Teacher Myra says: "If it is billiard that brings
Answer: A students out of the classroom, let us bring it into the
classroom. Perhaps, I can use it to teach Math". To
15. Who among the following believes that learning which philosophy does teacher Myra adheres to?
requires disciplined attention, regular homework, and a. Essentialism
respect for legitimate authority? b. Idealism
a. Essentialist c. Progressivism
b. Progressivist d. Reconstructionism
c. Realist Answer: C
d. Reconstructionist
Answer: A 22. Which of the following should be done to build a
sense of pride among Filipino youth?
16. Which of the following is the main function of the a. Replace the study of folklores and myths with
technical subjects
b. Re-study our history and stress on our achievements
as people
c. Re-study our history from the perspective of our
d. Set aside the study of local history
Answer: B

23. A teacher who subscribes to the pragmatic

philosophy of education believes that experience study
should follow learning in her teaching. Which of the
following does she do to support her belief?
a. Encouraging learners to memorize factual knowledge
b. Equipping learners with the basic abilities and skills
c. Providing learners opportunities to apply theories and
d. Requiring learners full master of the lesson.
Answer: C

24. Which philosophy influenced the cultivation of

reflective and meditative skills in teaching?
a. Confucianism
b. Existentialism
c. Taoism
d. Zen Buddhism
Answer: D

25. Which of the following situation manifests a balance

between teachers responsibility and accountability?
a. She entertains her students with personal stories until
the end of the period.
b. She spends most of the time on the latest gossips in
c. She teaches as much as she could for duration of the
d. She teaches as well as entertains the students with
per personal stories.
Answer: C