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Element Number 121

Position Information I

1.Design Condition
1.1 Design Parameters
- Partial factors for ultimate limit states (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 2.4.2.4)
Design Situations c for concrete s for reinforcing steel s for prestressing steel
Persistent & Transient 1.500 1.150 1.150
Accidental 1.200 1.000 1.000

- factor cc, ct : Coefficient for long term effects on Compression and Tensile Strength.
cc = 0.850 (for the Compressive strength)
ct = 1.000 (for the Tensile strength)

1.2 Sectional Information


Section Equvlnt sect(tdn, reinfmnt) Equvlnt sect (After Comp)
Information (Girder) (Girder + Slab)
A (mm2) 561456.288 910400.591
Iy (mm4) 130051866715.267 234616258403.120
yst (mm) - 584.968
ysb (mm) - 384.968
yt (mm) 777.185 434.968
yb (mm) 522.815 865.032
Zst (mm3) - 401075691.944
Zsb (mm3) - 609444271.983
Zt (mm3) 68188257.081 539387977.598
Zb (mm3) 36139776.253 271222488.847

1.3 Material Information


Girder (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)
- Concrete Material Information
fck(g) = 40.000 MPa
Ec(g) = 35220.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 48.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 3.509 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.456 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(g) = 500.000 MPa , Es(g) = 200000.000 MPa

Slab (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)


- Concrete Material Information
fck(s) = 30.000 MPa
Ec(s) = 32836.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 38.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 2.896 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.028 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(s) = 500.000 MPa , Es(s) = 200000.000 MPa

1.4 Tendon Profile Information


Location Area Strength (MPa) Ep
Type Tendon Name
(mm) (mm2) fpk fp0.1k (MPa)
1 S_strand_109 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
2 S_strand_108 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
3 S_strand_107 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
4 S_strand_106 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
5 S_strand_105 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
6 S_strand_104 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
7 S_strand_103 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
8 S_strand_102 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
9 S_strand_101 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
10 S_strand_100 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
11 S_strand_117 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
12 S_strand_116 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
13 S_strand_115 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
14 S_strand_114 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
15 S_strand_113 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
16 S_strand_112 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
17 S_strand_111 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
18 S_strand_110 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
19 S_strand_079 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
20 S_strand_089 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
21 S_strand_088 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
22 S_strand_087 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
23 S_strand_086 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
24 S_strand_085 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
25 S_strand_084 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
26 S_strand_083 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
27 S_strand_082 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
28 S_strand_081 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
29 S_strand_080 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
30 S_strand_099 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
31 S_strand_098 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
32 S_strand_097 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
33 S_strand_096 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
34 S_strand_095 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
35 S_strand_094 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
36 S_strand_093 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
37 S_strand_092 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
38 S_strand_091 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
39 S_strand_090 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000

2.Ultimate Moment Resistance


Positive Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 0.000 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 10318.072 0.000 0.000 6299.771 1.63785
2 362.500 7798.699 0.000 0.000 7449.624 1.04686
3 181.250 4930.000 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.66178
4 271.875 7083.013 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.95079
5 317.188 7445.148 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.99940
- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 960.498 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 7449.624 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 253.750 mm
x = 317.188 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 42374.928 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 381450.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 698.123 0.00962 0.00358 0.01320 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_108 698.048 0.00962 0.00358 0.01320 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_107 698.010 0.00962 0.00358 0.01320 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_106 698.011 0.00962 0.00358 0.01320 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_105 698.050 0.00962 0.00358 0.01320 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_104 698.127 0.00962 0.00358 0.01320 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_103 698.241 0.00962 0.00358 0.01320 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_102 698.394 0.00962 0.00358 0.01320 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_101 688.532 0.00962 0.00353 0.01315 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_100 688.532 0.00962 0.00353 0.01315 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_117 893.004 0.00962 0.00458 0.01420 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_116 893.011 0.00962 0.00458 0.01420 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_115 893.007 0.00962 0.00458 0.01420 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_114 893.012 0.00962 0.00458 0.01420 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_113 837.420 0.00962 0.00429 0.01391 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_112 837.421 0.00962 0.00429 0.01391 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_111 698.388 0.00962 0.00358 0.01320 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_110 698.237 0.00962 0.00358 0.01320 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_079 679.687 0.00962 0.00349 0.01310 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_089 679.047 0.00962 0.00348 0.01310 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_088 679.093 0.00962 0.00348 0.01310 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_087 679.095 0.00962 0.00348 0.01310 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_086 679.177 0.00962 0.00348 0.01310 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_085 679.180 0.00962 0.00348 0.01310 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_084 679.303 0.00962 0.00348 0.01310 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_083 679.308 0.00962 0.00348 0.01310 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_082 679.471 0.00962 0.00348 0.01310 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_081 679.476 0.00962 0.00348 0.01310 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_080 679.679 0.00962 0.00349 0.01310 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_099 688.571 0.00962 0.00353 0.01315 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_098 688.573 0.00962 0.00353 0.01315 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_097 688.651 0.00962 0.00353 0.01315 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_096 688.654 0.00962 0.00353 0.01315 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_095 688.771 0.00962 0.00353 0.01315 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_094 688.775 0.00962 0.00353 0.01315 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_093 688.930 0.00962 0.00353 0.01315 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_092 688.936 0.00962 0.00353 0.01315 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_091 689.129 0.00962 0.00353 0.01315 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_090 689.136 0.00962 0.00353 0.01315 1364.400 140.000 191.016
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 7449.624
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 8034.734 kNm MEd = 0.000 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

Negative Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = -0.017 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 6361.491 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
2 362.500 4608.047 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
3 181.250 2441.613 0.000 0.000 5556.615 0.43941
4 271.875 3651.452 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
5 226.563 3051.451 0.000 0.000 4483.056 0.68066
6 249.219 3355.739 0.000 0.000 4092.671 0.81994
7 260.547 3506.319 0.000 0.000 3922.938 0.89380
8 266.211 3579.596 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
9 263.379 3543.135 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
10 261.963 3524.771 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
11 261.255 3515.556 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
12 260.901 3510.940 0.000 0.000 3917.872 0.89613
13 261.078 3513.249 0.000 0.000 3915.343 0.89730
14 261.166 3514.402 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
15 261.122 3513.826 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
16 261.100 3513.537 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
17 261.089 3513.393 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
18 261.083 3513.321 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
19 261.081 3513.285 0.000 0.000 3915.304 0.89732
20 261.082 3513.303 0.000 0.000 3915.284 0.89733

- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 3513.303 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 0.000 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 3915.284 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 208.866 mm
x = 261.082 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 154998.652 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 0.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 698.123 0.00000 0.00358 0.00358 698.126 140.000 97.738
S_strand_108 698.048 0.00000 0.00358 0.00358 698.050 140.000 97.727
S_strand_107 698.010 0.00000 0.00358 0.00358 698.013 140.000 97.722
S_strand_106 698.011 0.00000 0.00358 0.00358 698.013 140.000 97.722
S_strand_105 698.050 0.00000 0.00358 0.00358 698.052 140.000 97.727
S_strand_104 698.127 0.00000 0.00358 0.00358 698.129 140.000 97.738
S_strand_103 698.241 0.00000 0.00358 0.00358 698.244 140.000 97.754
S_strand_102 698.394 0.00000 0.00358 0.00358 698.397 140.000 97.776
S_strand_101 688.532 0.00000 0.00353 0.00353 688.534 140.000 96.395
S_strand_100 688.532 0.00000 0.00353 0.00353 688.535 140.000 96.395
S_strand_117 893.004 0.00000 0.00458 0.00458 893.006 140.000 125.021
S_strand_116 893.011 0.00000 0.00458 0.00458 893.014 140.000 125.022
S_strand_115 893.007 0.00000 0.00458 0.00458 893.010 140.000 125.021
S_strand_114 893.012 0.00000 0.00458 0.00458 893.015 140.000 125.022
S_strand_113 837.420 0.00000 0.00429 0.00429 837.423 140.000 117.239
S_strand_112 837.421 0.00000 0.00429 0.00429 837.423 140.000 117.239
S_strand_111 698.388 0.00000 0.00358 0.00358 698.391 140.000 97.775
S_strand_110 698.237 0.00000 0.00358 0.00358 698.240 140.000 97.754
S_strand_079 679.687 0.00000 0.00349 0.00349 679.689 140.000 95.156
S_strand_089 679.047 0.00000 0.00348 0.00348 679.049 140.000 95.067
S_strand_088 679.093 0.00000 0.00348 0.00348 679.096 140.000 95.073
S_strand_087 679.095 0.00000 0.00348 0.00348 679.098 140.000 95.074
S_strand_086 679.177 0.00000 0.00348 0.00348 679.180 140.000 95.085
S_strand_085 679.180 0.00000 0.00348 0.00348 679.183 140.000 95.086
S_strand_084 679.303 0.00000 0.00348 0.00348 679.306 140.000 95.103
S_strand_083 679.308 0.00000 0.00348 0.00348 679.310 140.000 95.103
S_strand_082 679.471 0.00000 0.00348 0.00348 679.473 140.000 95.126
S_strand_081 679.476 0.00000 0.00348 0.00348 679.479 140.000 95.127
S_strand_080 679.679 0.00000 0.00349 0.00349 679.682 140.000 95.156
S_strand_099 688.571 0.00000 0.00353 0.00353 688.574 140.000 96.400
S_strand_098 688.573 0.00000 0.00353 0.00353 688.576 140.000 96.401
S_strand_097 688.651 0.00000 0.00353 0.00353 688.654 140.000 96.412
S_strand_096 688.654 0.00000 0.00353 0.00353 688.657 140.000 96.412
S_strand_095 688.771 0.00000 0.00353 0.00353 688.774 140.000 96.428
S_strand_094 688.775 0.00000 0.00353 0.00353 688.778 140.000 96.429
S_strand_093 688.930 0.00000 0.00353 0.00353 688.933 140.000 96.451
S_strand_092 688.936 0.00000 0.00353 0.00353 688.939 140.000 96.451
S_strand_091 689.129 0.00000 0.00353 0.00353 689.132 140.000 96.478
S_strand_090 689.136 0.00000 0.00353 0.00353 689.139 140.000 96.479
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 3915.284
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 550.096 kNm MEd = -0.017 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

3.Shear Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -3915.237 kN
VEd = -306.616 kN
MEd = -0.017 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -0.263 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 8.038 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 3.405 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.634 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 1293.841 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 3915.270 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -889.163 kNm : Moment of prestressing force

- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid


s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.188 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 127.463 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 792.154 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 919.617 kN > VEd = -306.616 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm S
l,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 153.308 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 3915.161 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, M Rd = 550.096 kN : The moment resistance
z = 140.500 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 5.882 MPa
where, = 1.0 : Conservatively adopted in case of negative moment
VEd = -306.616 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 140.500 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 5.882 MPa > vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa NG
where, fctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd) and design strength(fcd)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

Minimum Shear Force


1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -3965.749 kN
VEd = -306.616 kN
MEd = -0.017 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -0.139 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, f b : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 8.038 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 3.405 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.634 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 1293.841 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 3915.270 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -889.163 kNm : Moment of prestressing force

- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid


s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.188 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 127.463 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 792.154 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm 4
: Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 919.617 kN > VEd = -306.616 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm S
l,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 153.308 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 3915.161 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, M Rd = 550.096 kN : The moment resistance
z = 140.500 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 5.882 MPa
where, = 1.0 : Conservatively adopted in case of negative moment
VEd = -306.616 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 140.500 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 5.882 MPa > vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa NG
where, fctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd) and design strength(fcd)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm 2
: Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

4.Torsional Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -3915.237 kN
VEd = -306.616 kN
TEd = 0.288 kNm
MEd = -0.017 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 1.398 > 1.0 NG
where, VRd,max = 219.285 kN

Minimum Shear Force


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -3965.749 kN
VEd = -306.616 kN
TEd = 0.288 kNm
MEd = -0.017 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa
- Design strength of Reinforcement
fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 1.396 > 1.0 NG
where, VRd,max = 219.677 kN

Maximum Torsion Moment


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -3965.749 kN
VEd = -306.616 kN
TEd = 0.288 kNm
MEd = -0.017 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 1.396 > 1.0 NG
where, V Rd,max = 219.677 kN
Element Number 121
Position Information J

1.Design Condition
1.1 Design Parameters
- Partial factors for ultimate limit states (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 2.4.2.4)
Design Situations c for concrete s for reinforcing steel s for prestressing steel
Persistent & Transient 1.500 1.150 1.150
Accidental 1.200 1.000 1.000

- factor cc, ct : Coefficient for long term effects on Compression and Tensile Strength.
cc = 0.850 (for the Compressive strength)
ct = 1.000 (for the Tensile strength)

1.2 Sectional Information


Section Equvlnt sect(tdn, reinfmnt) Equvlnt sect (After Comp)
Information (Girder) (Girder + Slab)
A (mm2) 561456.288 910400.591
Iy (mm4) 130051866715.267 234616258403.120
yst (mm) - 584.968
ysb (mm) - 384.968
yt (mm) 777.185 434.968
yb (mm) 522.815 865.032
Zst (mm3) - 401075691.944
Zsb (mm3) - 609444271.983
Zt (mm3) 68188257.081 539387977.598
Zb (mm3) 36139776.253 271222488.847

1.3 Material Information


Girder (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)
- Concrete Material Information
fck(g) = 40.000 MPa
Ec(g) = 35220.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 48.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 3.509 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.456 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(g) = 500.000 MPa , Es(g) = 200000.000 MPa

Slab (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)


- Concrete Material Information
fck(s) = 30.000 MPa
Ec(s) = 32836.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 38.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 2.896 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.028 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(s) = 500.000 MPa , Es(s) = 200000.000 MPa

1.4 Tendon Profile Information


Location Area Strength (MPa) Ep
Type Tendon Name
(mm) (mm2) fpk fp0.1k (MPa)
1 S_strand_109 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
2 S_strand_108 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
3 S_strand_107 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
4 S_strand_106 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
5 S_strand_105 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
6 S_strand_104 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
7 S_strand_103 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
8 S_strand_102 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
9 S_strand_101 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
10 S_strand_100 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
11 S_strand_117 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
12 S_strand_116 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
13 S_strand_115 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
14 S_strand_114 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
15 S_strand_113 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
16 S_strand_112 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
17 S_strand_111 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
18 S_strand_110 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
19 S_strand_079 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
20 S_strand_089 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
21 S_strand_088 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
22 S_strand_087 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
23 S_strand_086 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
24 S_strand_085 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
25 S_strand_084 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
26 S_strand_083 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
27 S_strand_082 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
28 S_strand_081 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
29 S_strand_080 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
30 S_strand_099 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
31 S_strand_098 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
32 S_strand_097 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
33 S_strand_096 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
34 S_strand_095 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
35 S_strand_094 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
36 S_strand_093 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
37 S_strand_092 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
38 S_strand_091 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
39 S_strand_090 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000

2.Ultimate Moment Resistance


Positive Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 292.132 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 10318.072 0.000 0.000 6350.283 1.62482
2 362.500 7798.699 0.000 0.000 7449.624 1.04686
3 181.250 4930.000 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.66178
4 271.875 7083.013 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.95079
5 317.188 7445.148 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.99940
- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 960.498 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 7449.624 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 253.750 mm
x = 317.188 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 42374.928 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 381450.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 710.058 0.00962 0.00364 0.01326 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_108 709.980 0.00962 0.00364 0.01326 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_107 709.940 0.00962 0.00364 0.01326 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_106 709.939 0.00962 0.00364 0.01326 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_105 709.975 0.00962 0.00364 0.01326 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_104 710.050 0.00962 0.00364 0.01326 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_103 710.162 0.00962 0.00364 0.01326 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_102 710.313 0.00962 0.00364 0.01326 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_101 701.787 0.00962 0.00360 0.01322 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_100 701.786 0.00962 0.00360 0.01322 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_117 877.373 0.00962 0.00450 0.01412 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_116 877.377 0.00962 0.00450 0.01412 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_115 877.364 0.00962 0.00450 0.01412 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_114 877.373 0.00962 0.00450 0.01412 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_113 829.736 0.00962 0.00426 0.01387 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_112 829.734 0.00962 0.00426 0.01387 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_111 710.328 0.00962 0.00364 0.01326 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_110 710.174 0.00962 0.00364 0.01326 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_079 694.253 0.00962 0.00356 0.01318 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_089 693.626 0.00962 0.00356 0.01318 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_088 693.677 0.00962 0.00356 0.01318 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_087 693.671 0.00962 0.00356 0.01318 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_086 693.763 0.00962 0.00356 0.01318 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_085 693.754 0.00962 0.00356 0.01318 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_084 693.891 0.00962 0.00356 0.01318 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_083 693.879 0.00962 0.00356 0.01318 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_082 694.061 0.00962 0.00356 0.01318 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_081 694.045 0.00962 0.00356 0.01318 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_080 694.272 0.00962 0.00356 0.01318 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_099 701.829 0.00962 0.00360 0.01322 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_098 701.824 0.00962 0.00360 0.01322 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_097 701.911 0.00962 0.00360 0.01322 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_096 701.903 0.00962 0.00360 0.01322 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_095 702.034 0.00962 0.00360 0.01322 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_094 702.022 0.00962 0.00360 0.01322 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_093 702.195 0.00962 0.00360 0.01322 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_092 702.180 0.00962 0.00360 0.01322 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_091 702.397 0.00962 0.00360 0.01322 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_090 702.378 0.00962 0.00360 0.01322 1364.400 140.000 191.016
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 7449.624
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 8034.734 kNm MEd = 292.132 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

Negative Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 0.000 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 6361.491 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
2 362.500 4608.047 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
3 181.250 2441.613 0.000 0.000 5607.128 0.43545
4 271.875 3651.452 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
5 226.563 3051.451 0.000 0.000 4533.569 0.67308
6 249.219 3355.739 0.000 0.000 4143.184 0.80994
7 260.547 3506.319 0.000 0.000 3973.451 0.88244
8 266.211 3579.596 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
9 263.379 3543.135 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
10 261.963 3524.771 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
11 261.255 3515.556 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
12 260.901 3510.940 0.000 0.000 3968.384 0.88473
13 261.078 3513.249 0.000 0.000 3965.856 0.88587
14 261.166 3514.402 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
15 261.122 3513.826 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
16 261.100 3513.537 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
17 261.089 3513.393 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
18 261.083 3513.321 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
19 261.081 3513.285 0.000 0.000 3965.817 0.88589
20 261.082 3513.303 0.000 0.000 3965.797 0.88590

- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 3513.303 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 0.000 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 3965.797 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 208.866 mm
x = 261.082 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 154998.652 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 0.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 710.058 0.00000 0.00364 0.00364 710.061 140.000 99.409
S_strand_108 709.980 0.00000 0.00364 0.00364 709.983 140.000 99.398
S_strand_107 709.940 0.00000 0.00364 0.00364 709.943 140.000 99.392
S_strand_106 709.939 0.00000 0.00364 0.00364 709.941 140.000 99.392
S_strand_105 709.975 0.00000 0.00364 0.00364 709.978 140.000 99.397
S_strand_104 710.050 0.00000 0.00364 0.00364 710.052 140.000 99.407
S_strand_103 710.162 0.00000 0.00364 0.00364 710.165 140.000 99.423
S_strand_102 710.313 0.00000 0.00364 0.00364 710.315 140.000 99.444
S_strand_101 701.787 0.00000 0.00360 0.00360 701.790 140.000 98.251
S_strand_100 701.786 0.00000 0.00360 0.00360 701.788 140.000 98.250
S_strand_117 877.373 0.00000 0.00450 0.00450 877.376 140.000 122.833
S_strand_116 877.377 0.00000 0.00450 0.00450 877.380 140.000 122.833
S_strand_115 877.364 0.00000 0.00450 0.00450 877.367 140.000 122.831
S_strand_114 877.373 0.00000 0.00450 0.00450 877.375 140.000 122.833
S_strand_113 829.736 0.00000 0.00426 0.00426 829.739 140.000 116.163
S_strand_112 829.734 0.00000 0.00426 0.00426 829.737 140.000 116.163
S_strand_111 710.328 0.00000 0.00364 0.00364 710.331 140.000 99.446
S_strand_110 710.174 0.00000 0.00364 0.00364 710.177 140.000 99.425
S_strand_079 694.253 0.00000 0.00356 0.00356 694.256 140.000 97.196
S_strand_089 693.626 0.00000 0.00356 0.00356 693.629 140.000 97.108
S_strand_088 693.677 0.00000 0.00356 0.00356 693.679 140.000 97.115
S_strand_087 693.671 0.00000 0.00356 0.00356 693.674 140.000 97.114
S_strand_086 693.763 0.00000 0.00356 0.00356 693.766 140.000 97.127
S_strand_085 693.754 0.00000 0.00356 0.00356 693.757 140.000 97.126
S_strand_084 693.891 0.00000 0.00356 0.00356 693.894 140.000 97.145
S_strand_083 693.879 0.00000 0.00356 0.00356 693.882 140.000 97.143
S_strand_082 694.061 0.00000 0.00356 0.00356 694.064 140.000 97.169
S_strand_081 694.045 0.00000 0.00356 0.00356 694.048 140.000 97.167
S_strand_080 694.272 0.00000 0.00356 0.00356 694.275 140.000 97.198
S_strand_099 701.829 0.00000 0.00360 0.00360 701.832 140.000 98.256
S_strand_098 701.824 0.00000 0.00360 0.00360 701.827 140.000 98.256
S_strand_097 701.911 0.00000 0.00360 0.00360 701.914 140.000 98.268
S_strand_096 701.903 0.00000 0.00360 0.00360 701.906 140.000 98.267
S_strand_095 702.034 0.00000 0.00360 0.00360 702.036 140.000 98.285
S_strand_094 702.022 0.00000 0.00360 0.00360 702.024 140.000 98.283
S_strand_093 702.195 0.00000 0.00360 0.00360 702.198 140.000 98.308
S_strand_092 702.180 0.00000 0.00360 0.00360 702.183 140.000 98.306
S_strand_091 702.397 0.00000 0.00360 0.00360 702.399 140.000 98.336
S_strand_090 702.378 0.00000 0.00360 0.00360 702.380 140.000 98.333
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 3965.797
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 550.096 kNm MEd = 0.000 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

3.Shear Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -3915.237 kN
VEd = -277.683 kN
MEd = 292.132 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -11.251 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 7.758 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 3.120 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.638 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 1185.664 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 3965.782 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -921.544 kNm : Moment of prestressing force

- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid


s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.168 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 114.046 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 784.166 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 898.212 kN > VEd = -277.683 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm S
l,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 138.841 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 7178.765 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, M Rd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.694 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -277.683 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.694 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, fctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd) and design strength(fcd)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

Minimum Shear Force


1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -3965.749 kN
VEd = -277.683 kN
MEd = 292.132 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -11.520 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 7.758 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 3.120 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.638 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 1185.664 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 3965.782 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -921.544 kNm : Moment of prestressing force
- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid
s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.168 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 114.046 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm 4
: Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 784.166 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 898.212 kN > VEd = -277.683 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm Sl,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 138.841 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 7178.765 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, MRd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.694 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -277.683 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.694 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, f ctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd
) and design strength(f cd
)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

4.Torsional Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -3915.237 kN
VEd = -277.683 kN
TEd = 0.288 kNm
MEd = 292.132 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.165 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1683.333 kN

Minimum Shear Force


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -3965.749 kN
VEd = -277.683 kN
TEd = 0.288 kNm
MEd = 292.132 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.165 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1686.349 kN

Maximum Torsion Moment


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -3965.749 kN
VEd = -277.683 kN
TEd = 0.288 kNm
MEd = 292.132 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.165 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1686.349 kN
Element Number 122
Position Information I

1.Design Condition
1.1 Design Parameters
- Partial factors for ultimate limit states (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 2.4.2.4)
Design Situations c for concrete s for reinforcing steel s for prestressing steel
Persistent & Transient 1.500 1.150 1.150
Accidental 1.200 1.000 1.000

- factor cc, ct : Coefficient for long term effects on Compression and Tensile Strength.
cc = 0.850 (for the Compressive strength)
ct = 1.000 (for the Tensile strength)

1.2 Sectional Information


Section Equvlnt sect(tdn, reinfmnt) Equvlnt sect (After Comp)
Information (Girder) (Girder + Slab)
A (mm2) 561456.288 910400.591
Iy (mm4) 130051866715.267 234616258403.120
yst (mm) - 584.968
ysb (mm) - 384.968
yt (mm) 777.185 434.968
yb (mm) 522.815 865.032
Zst (mm3) - 401075691.944
Zsb (mm3) - 609444271.983
Zt (mm3) 68188257.081 539387977.598
Zb (mm3) 36139776.253 271222488.847

1.3 Material Information


Girder (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)
- Concrete Material Information
fck(g) = 40.000 MPa
Ec(g) = 35220.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 48.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 3.509 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.456 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(g) = 500.000 MPa , Es(g) = 200000.000 MPa

Slab (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)


- Concrete Material Information
fck(s) = 30.000 MPa
Ec(s) = 32836.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 38.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 2.896 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.028 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(s) = 500.000 MPa , Es(s) = 200000.000 MPa

1.4 Tendon Profile Information


Location Area Strength (MPa) Ep
Type Tendon Name
(mm) (mm2) fpk fp0.1k (MPa)
1 S_strand_109 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
2 S_strand_108 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
3 S_strand_107 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
4 S_strand_106 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
5 S_strand_105 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
6 S_strand_104 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
7 S_strand_103 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
8 S_strand_102 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
9 S_strand_101 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
10 S_strand_100 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
11 S_strand_117 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
12 S_strand_116 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
13 S_strand_115 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
14 S_strand_114 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
15 S_strand_113 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
16 S_strand_112 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
17 S_strand_111 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
18 S_strand_110 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
19 S_strand_079 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
20 S_strand_089 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
21 S_strand_088 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
22 S_strand_087 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
23 S_strand_086 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
24 S_strand_085 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
25 S_strand_084 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
26 S_strand_083 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
27 S_strand_082 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
28 S_strand_081 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
29 S_strand_080 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
30 S_strand_099 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
31 S_strand_098 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
32 S_strand_097 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
33 S_strand_096 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
34 S_strand_095 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
35 S_strand_094 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
36 S_strand_093 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
37 S_strand_092 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
38 S_strand_091 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
39 S_strand_090 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000

2.Ultimate Moment Resistance


Positive Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 292.043 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 10318.072 0.000 0.000 6350.282 1.62482
2 362.500 7798.699 0.000 0.000 7449.624 1.04686
3 181.250 4930.000 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.66178
4 271.875 7083.013 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.95079
5 317.188 7445.148 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.99940
- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 960.498 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 7449.624 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 253.750 mm
x = 317.188 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 42374.928 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 381450.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 710.051 0.00962 0.00364 0.01326 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_108 709.976 0.00962 0.00364 0.01326 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_107 709.938 0.00962 0.00364 0.01326 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_106 709.939 0.00962 0.00364 0.01326 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_105 709.979 0.00962 0.00364 0.01326 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_104 710.056 0.00962 0.00364 0.01326 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_103 710.171 0.00962 0.00364 0.01326 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_102 710.324 0.00962 0.00364 0.01326 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_101 701.785 0.00962 0.00360 0.01322 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_100 701.786 0.00962 0.00360 0.01322 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_117 877.370 0.00962 0.00450 0.01412 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_116 877.377 0.00962 0.00450 0.01412 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_115 877.375 0.00962 0.00450 0.01412 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_114 877.380 0.00962 0.00450 0.01412 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_113 829.737 0.00962 0.00426 0.01387 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_112 829.738 0.00962 0.00426 0.01387 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_111 710.315 0.00962 0.00364 0.01326 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_110 710.164 0.00962 0.00364 0.01326 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_079 694.267 0.00962 0.00356 0.01318 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_089 693.625 0.00962 0.00356 0.01318 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_088 693.671 0.00962 0.00356 0.01318 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_087 693.675 0.00962 0.00356 0.01318 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_086 693.755 0.00962 0.00356 0.01318 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_085 693.760 0.00962 0.00356 0.01318 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_084 693.880 0.00962 0.00356 0.01318 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_083 693.888 0.00962 0.00356 0.01318 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_082 694.047 0.00962 0.00356 0.01318 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_081 694.057 0.00962 0.00356 0.01318 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_080 694.256 0.00962 0.00356 0.01318 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_099 701.824 0.00962 0.00360 0.01322 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_098 701.827 0.00962 0.00360 0.01322 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_097 701.904 0.00962 0.00360 0.01322 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_096 701.909 0.00962 0.00360 0.01322 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_095 702.023 0.00962 0.00360 0.01322 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_094 702.030 0.00962 0.00360 0.01322 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_093 702.182 0.00962 0.00360 0.01322 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_092 702.192 0.00962 0.00360 0.01322 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_091 702.381 0.00962 0.00360 0.01322 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_090 702.392 0.00962 0.00360 0.01322 1364.400 140.000 191.016
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 7449.624
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 8034.734 kNm MEd = 292.043 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

Negative Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 0.000 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 6361.491 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
2 362.500 4608.047 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
3 181.250 2441.613 0.000 0.000 5607.127 0.43545
4 271.875 3651.452 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
5 226.563 3051.451 0.000 0.000 4533.567 0.67308
6 249.219 3355.739 0.000 0.000 4143.182 0.80994
7 260.547 3506.319 0.000 0.000 3973.450 0.88244
8 266.211 3579.596 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
9 263.379 3543.135 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
10 261.963 3524.771 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
11 261.255 3515.556 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
12 260.901 3510.940 0.000 0.000 3968.383 0.88473
13 261.078 3513.249 0.000 0.000 3965.855 0.88587
14 261.166 3514.402 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
15 261.122 3513.826 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
16 261.100 3513.537 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
17 261.089 3513.393 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
18 261.083 3513.321 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
19 261.081 3513.285 0.000 0.000 3965.815 0.88589
20 261.082 3513.303 0.000 0.000 3965.796 0.88590

- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 3513.303 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 0.000 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 3965.796 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 208.866 mm
x = 261.082 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 154998.652 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 0.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 710.051 0.00000 0.00364 0.00364 710.053 140.000 99.407
S_strand_108 709.976 0.00000 0.00364 0.00364 709.978 140.000 99.397
S_strand_107 709.938 0.00000 0.00364 0.00364 709.941 140.000 99.392
S_strand_106 709.939 0.00000 0.00364 0.00364 709.942 140.000 99.392
S_strand_105 709.979 0.00000 0.00364 0.00364 709.981 140.000 99.397
S_strand_104 710.056 0.00000 0.00364 0.00364 710.059 140.000 99.408
S_strand_103 710.171 0.00000 0.00364 0.00364 710.174 140.000 99.424
S_strand_102 710.324 0.00000 0.00364 0.00364 710.327 140.000 99.446
S_strand_101 701.785 0.00000 0.00360 0.00360 701.788 140.000 98.250
S_strand_100 701.786 0.00000 0.00360 0.00360 701.789 140.000 98.250
S_strand_117 877.370 0.00000 0.00450 0.00450 877.372 140.000 122.832
S_strand_116 877.377 0.00000 0.00450 0.00450 877.380 140.000 122.833
S_strand_115 877.375 0.00000 0.00450 0.00450 877.377 140.000 122.833
S_strand_114 877.380 0.00000 0.00450 0.00450 877.382 140.000 122.834
S_strand_113 829.737 0.00000 0.00426 0.00426 829.740 140.000 116.164
S_strand_112 829.738 0.00000 0.00426 0.00426 829.741 140.000 116.164
S_strand_111 710.315 0.00000 0.00364 0.00364 710.318 140.000 99.444
S_strand_110 710.164 0.00000 0.00364 0.00364 710.167 140.000 99.423
S_strand_079 694.267 0.00000 0.00356 0.00356 694.270 140.000 97.198
S_strand_089 693.625 0.00000 0.00356 0.00356 693.628 140.000 97.108
S_strand_088 693.671 0.00000 0.00356 0.00356 693.674 140.000 97.114
S_strand_087 693.675 0.00000 0.00356 0.00356 693.677 140.000 97.115
S_strand_086 693.755 0.00000 0.00356 0.00356 693.758 140.000 97.126
S_strand_085 693.760 0.00000 0.00356 0.00356 693.763 140.000 97.127
S_strand_084 693.880 0.00000 0.00356 0.00356 693.883 140.000 97.144
S_strand_083 693.888 0.00000 0.00356 0.00356 693.890 140.000 97.145
S_strand_082 694.047 0.00000 0.00356 0.00356 694.050 140.000 97.167
S_strand_081 694.057 0.00000 0.00356 0.00356 694.060 140.000 97.168
S_strand_080 694.256 0.00000 0.00356 0.00356 694.259 140.000 97.196
S_strand_099 701.824 0.00000 0.00360 0.00360 701.827 140.000 98.256
S_strand_098 701.827 0.00000 0.00360 0.00360 701.830 140.000 98.256
S_strand_097 701.904 0.00000 0.00360 0.00360 701.906 140.000 98.267
S_strand_096 701.909 0.00000 0.00360 0.00360 701.912 140.000 98.268
S_strand_095 702.023 0.00000 0.00360 0.00360 702.026 140.000 98.284
S_strand_094 702.030 0.00000 0.00360 0.00360 702.033 140.000 98.285
S_strand_093 702.182 0.00000 0.00360 0.00360 702.185 140.000 98.306
S_strand_092 702.192 0.00000 0.00360 0.00360 702.194 140.000 98.307
S_strand_091 702.381 0.00000 0.00360 0.00360 702.383 140.000 98.334
S_strand_090 702.392 0.00000 0.00360 0.00360 702.395 140.000 98.335
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 3965.796
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 550.096 kNm MEd = 0.000 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

3.Shear Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -3965.571 kN
VEd = -277.684 kN
MEd = 292.043 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -11.520 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 7.758 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 3.120 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.638 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 1185.664 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 3965.781 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -921.541 kNm : Moment of prestressing force

- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid


s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.168 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 114.046 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 784.167 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 898.212 kN > VEd = -277.684 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm S
l,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 138.842 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 7178.849 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, M Rd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.694 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -277.684 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.694 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, fctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd) and design strength(fcd)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

Minimum Shear Force


1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4010.860 kN
VEd = -277.684 kN
MEd = 292.043 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -11.761 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 7.758 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 3.120 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.638 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 1185.664 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 3965.781 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -921.541 kNm : Moment of prestressing force
- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid
s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.168 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 114.046 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm 4
: Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 784.167 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 898.212 kN > VEd = -277.684 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm Sl,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 138.842 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 7178.849 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, MRd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.694 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -277.684 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.694 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, f ctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd
) and design strength(f cd
)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

4.Torsional Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -3965.571 kN
VEd = -277.684 kN
TEd = 0.115 kNm
MEd = 292.043 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.165 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1686.338 kN

Minimum Shear Force


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4010.860 kN
VEd = -277.684 kN
TEd = 0.115 kNm
MEd = 292.043 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.164 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1689.043 kN

Maximum Torsion Moment


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4010.860 kN
VEd = -277.684 kN
TEd = 0.115 kNm
MEd = 292.043 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.164 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1689.043 kN
Element Number 122
Position Information J

1.Design Condition
1.1 Design Parameters
- Partial factors for ultimate limit states (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 2.4.2.4)
Design Situations c for concrete s for reinforcing steel s for prestressing steel
Persistent & Transient 1.500 1.150 1.150
Accidental 1.200 1.000 1.000

- factor cc, ct : Coefficient for long term effects on Compression and Tensile Strength.
cc = 0.850 (for the Compressive strength)
ct = 1.000 (for the Tensile strength)

1.2 Sectional Information


Section Equvlnt sect(tdn, reinfmnt) Equvlnt sect (After Comp)
Information (Girder) (Girder + Slab)
A (mm2) 561456.288 910400.591
Iy (mm4) 130051866715.267 234616258403.120
yst (mm) - 584.968
ysb (mm) - 384.968
yt (mm) 777.185 434.968
yb (mm) 522.815 865.032
Zst (mm3) - 401075691.944
Zsb (mm3) - 609444271.983
Zt (mm3) 68188257.081 539387977.598
Zb (mm3) 36139776.253 271222488.847

1.3 Material Information


Girder (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)
- Concrete Material Information
fck(g) = 40.000 MPa
Ec(g) = 35220.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 48.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 3.509 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.456 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(g) = 500.000 MPa , Es(g) = 200000.000 MPa

Slab (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)


- Concrete Material Information
fck(s) = 30.000 MPa
Ec(s) = 32836.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 38.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 2.896 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.028 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(s) = 500.000 MPa , Es(s) = 200000.000 MPa

1.4 Tendon Profile Information


Location Area Strength (MPa) Ep
Type Tendon Name
(mm) (mm2) fpk fp0.1k (MPa)
1 S_strand_109 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
2 S_strand_108 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
3 S_strand_107 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
4 S_strand_106 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
5 S_strand_105 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
6 S_strand_104 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
7 S_strand_103 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
8 S_strand_102 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
9 S_strand_101 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
10 S_strand_100 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
11 S_strand_117 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
12 S_strand_116 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
13 S_strand_115 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
14 S_strand_114 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
15 S_strand_113 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
16 S_strand_112 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
17 S_strand_111 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
18 S_strand_110 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
19 S_strand_079 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
20 S_strand_089 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
21 S_strand_088 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
22 S_strand_087 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
23 S_strand_086 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
24 S_strand_085 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
25 S_strand_084 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
26 S_strand_083 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
27 S_strand_082 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
28 S_strand_081 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
29 S_strand_080 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
30 S_strand_099 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
31 S_strand_098 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
32 S_strand_097 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
33 S_strand_096 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
34 S_strand_095 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
35 S_strand_094 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
36 S_strand_093 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
37 S_strand_092 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
38 S_strand_091 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
39 S_strand_090 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000

2.Ultimate Moment Resistance


Positive Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 555.260 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 10318.072 0.000 0.000 6395.571 1.61332
2 362.500 7798.699 0.000 0.000 7449.624 1.04686
3 181.250 4930.000 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.66178
4 271.875 7083.013 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.95079
5 317.188 7445.148 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.99940
- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 960.498 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 7449.624 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 253.750 mm
x = 317.188 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 42374.928 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 381450.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 720.745 0.00962 0.00370 0.01332 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_108 720.667 0.00962 0.00370 0.01331 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_107 720.628 0.00962 0.00370 0.01331 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_106 720.626 0.00962 0.00370 0.01331 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_105 720.663 0.00962 0.00370 0.01331 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_104 720.738 0.00962 0.00370 0.01332 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_103 720.851 0.00962 0.00370 0.01332 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_102 721.001 0.00962 0.00370 0.01332 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_101 713.659 0.00962 0.00366 0.01328 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_100 713.657 0.00962 0.00366 0.01328 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_117 863.426 0.00962 0.00443 0.01405 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_116 863.431 0.00962 0.00443 0.01405 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_115 863.419 0.00962 0.00443 0.01405 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_114 863.427 0.00962 0.00443 0.01405 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_113 822.896 0.00962 0.00422 0.01384 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_112 822.894 0.00962 0.00422 0.01384 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_111 721.014 0.00962 0.00370 0.01332 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_110 720.861 0.00962 0.00370 0.01332 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_079 707.311 0.00962 0.00363 0.01325 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_089 706.682 0.00962 0.00362 0.01324 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_088 706.732 0.00962 0.00362 0.01324 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_087 706.728 0.00962 0.00362 0.01324 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_086 706.818 0.00962 0.00362 0.01324 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_085 706.811 0.00962 0.00362 0.01324 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_084 706.946 0.00962 0.00363 0.01324 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_083 706.936 0.00962 0.00363 0.01324 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_082 707.115 0.00962 0.00363 0.01325 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_081 707.103 0.00962 0.00363 0.01325 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_080 707.326 0.00962 0.00363 0.01325 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_099 713.700 0.00962 0.00366 0.01328 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_098 713.696 0.00962 0.00366 0.01328 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_097 713.782 0.00962 0.00366 0.01328 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_096 713.775 0.00962 0.00366 0.01328 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_095 713.904 0.00962 0.00366 0.01328 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_094 713.894 0.00962 0.00366 0.01328 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_093 714.066 0.00962 0.00366 0.01328 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_092 714.053 0.00962 0.00366 0.01328 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_091 714.267 0.00962 0.00366 0.01328 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_090 714.251 0.00962 0.00366 0.01328 1364.400 140.000 191.016
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 7449.624
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 8034.734 kNm MEd = 555.260 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

Negative Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 0.000 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 6361.491 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
2 362.500 4608.047 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
3 181.250 2441.613 0.000 0.000 5652.416 0.43196
4 271.875 3651.452 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
5 226.563 3051.451 0.000 0.000 4578.856 0.66642
6 249.219 3355.739 0.000 0.000 4188.471 0.80118
7 260.547 3506.319 0.000 0.000 4018.739 0.87249
8 266.211 3579.596 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
9 263.379 3543.135 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
10 261.963 3524.771 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
11 261.255 3515.556 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
12 260.901 3510.940 0.000 0.000 4013.672 0.87475
13 261.078 3513.249 0.000 0.000 4011.144 0.87587
14 261.166 3514.402 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
15 261.122 3513.826 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
16 261.100 3513.537 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
17 261.089 3513.393 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
18 261.083 3513.321 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
19 261.081 3513.285 0.000 0.000 4011.104 0.87589
20 261.082 3513.303 0.000 0.000 4011.085 0.87590

- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 3513.303 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 0.000 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 4011.085 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 208.866 mm
x = 261.082 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 154998.652 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 0.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 720.745 0.00000 0.00370 0.00370 720.748 140.000 100.905
S_strand_108 720.667 0.00000 0.00370 0.00370 720.670 140.000 100.894
S_strand_107 720.628 0.00000 0.00370 0.00370 720.630 140.000 100.888
S_strand_106 720.626 0.00000 0.00370 0.00370 720.629 140.000 100.888
S_strand_105 720.663 0.00000 0.00370 0.00370 720.666 140.000 100.893
S_strand_104 720.738 0.00000 0.00370 0.00370 720.740 140.000 100.904
S_strand_103 720.851 0.00000 0.00370 0.00370 720.853 140.000 100.919
S_strand_102 721.001 0.00000 0.00370 0.00370 721.004 140.000 100.941
S_strand_101 713.659 0.00000 0.00366 0.00366 713.661 140.000 99.913
S_strand_100 713.657 0.00000 0.00366 0.00366 713.660 140.000 99.912
S_strand_117 863.426 0.00000 0.00443 0.00443 863.429 140.000 120.880
S_strand_116 863.431 0.00000 0.00443 0.00443 863.434 140.000 120.881
S_strand_115 863.419 0.00000 0.00443 0.00443 863.422 140.000 120.879
S_strand_114 863.427 0.00000 0.00443 0.00443 863.430 140.000 120.880
S_strand_113 822.896 0.00000 0.00422 0.00422 822.899 140.000 115.206
S_strand_112 822.894 0.00000 0.00422 0.00422 822.897 140.000 115.206
S_strand_111 721.014 0.00000 0.00370 0.00370 721.017 140.000 100.942
S_strand_110 720.861 0.00000 0.00370 0.00370 720.863 140.000 100.921
S_strand_079 707.311 0.00000 0.00363 0.00363 707.313 140.000 99.024
S_strand_089 706.682 0.00000 0.00362 0.00362 706.685 140.000 98.936
S_strand_088 706.732 0.00000 0.00362 0.00362 706.735 140.000 98.943
S_strand_087 706.728 0.00000 0.00362 0.00362 706.730 140.000 98.942
S_strand_086 706.818 0.00000 0.00362 0.00362 706.821 140.000 98.955
S_strand_085 706.811 0.00000 0.00362 0.00362 706.814 140.000 98.954
S_strand_084 706.946 0.00000 0.00363 0.00363 706.949 140.000 98.973
S_strand_083 706.936 0.00000 0.00363 0.00363 706.939 140.000 98.971
S_strand_082 707.115 0.00000 0.00363 0.00363 707.118 140.000 98.997
S_strand_081 707.103 0.00000 0.00363 0.00363 707.105 140.000 98.995
S_strand_080 707.326 0.00000 0.00363 0.00363 707.329 140.000 99.026
S_strand_099 713.700 0.00000 0.00366 0.00366 713.703 140.000 99.918
S_strand_098 713.696 0.00000 0.00366 0.00366 713.699 140.000 99.918
S_strand_097 713.782 0.00000 0.00366 0.00366 713.785 140.000 99.930
S_strand_096 713.775 0.00000 0.00366 0.00366 713.778 140.000 99.929
S_strand_095 713.904 0.00000 0.00366 0.00366 713.907 140.000 99.947
S_strand_094 713.894 0.00000 0.00366 0.00366 713.897 140.000 99.946
S_strand_093 714.066 0.00000 0.00366 0.00366 714.068 140.000 99.970
S_strand_092 714.053 0.00000 0.00366 0.00366 714.056 140.000 99.968
S_strand_091 714.267 0.00000 0.00366 0.00366 714.269 140.000 99.998
S_strand_090 714.251 0.00000 0.00366 0.00366 714.254 140.000 99.995
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 4011.085
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 550.096 kNm MEd = 0.000 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

3.Shear Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -3965.571 kN
VEd = -248.750 kN
MEd = 555.260 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -10.371 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 7.510 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.867 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.643 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 1089.506 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4011.070 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -950.520 kNm : Moment of prestressing force

- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid


s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.148 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 100.629 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 777.380 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 878.009 kN > VEd = -248.750 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm S
l,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 124.375 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6934.800 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, M Rd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.622 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -248.750 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.622 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, fctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd) and design strength(fcd)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

Minimum Shear Force


1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4010.860 kN
VEd = -248.750 kN
MEd = 555.260 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -10.612 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 7.510 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.867 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.643 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 1089.506 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4011.070 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -950.520 kNm : Moment of prestressing force
- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid
s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.148 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 100.629 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm 4
: Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 777.380 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 878.009 kN > VEd = -248.750 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm Sl,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 124.375 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6934.800 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, MRd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.622 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -248.750 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.622 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, f ctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd
) and design strength(f cd
)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

4.Torsional Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -3965.571 kN
VEd = -248.750 kN
TEd = 0.115 kNm
MEd = 555.260 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.148 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1686.338 kN

Minimum Shear Force


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4010.860 kN
VEd = -248.750 kN
TEd = 0.115 kNm
MEd = 555.260 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.147 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1689.043 kN

Maximum Torsion Moment


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4010.860 kN
VEd = -248.750 kN
TEd = 0.115 kNm
MEd = 555.260 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.147 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1689.043 kN
Element Number 123
Position Information I

1.Design Condition
1.1 Design Parameters
- Partial factors for ultimate limit states (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 2.4.2.4)
Design Situations c for concrete s for reinforcing steel s for prestressing steel
Persistent & Transient 1.500 1.150 1.150
Accidental 1.200 1.000 1.000

- factor cc, ct : Coefficient for long term effects on Compression and Tensile Strength.
cc = 0.850 (for the Compressive strength)
ct = 1.000 (for the Tensile strength)

1.2 Sectional Information


Section Equvlnt sect(tdn, reinfmnt) Equvlnt sect (After Comp)
Information (Girder) (Girder + Slab)
A (mm2) 561456.288 910400.591
Iy (mm4) 130051866715.267 234616258403.120
yst (mm) - 584.968
ysb (mm) - 384.968
yt (mm) 777.185 434.968
yb (mm) 522.815 865.032
Zst (mm3) - 401075691.944
Zsb (mm3) - 609444271.983
Zt (mm3) 68188257.081 539387977.598
Zb (mm3) 36139776.253 271222488.847

1.3 Material Information


Girder (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)
- Concrete Material Information
fck(g) = 40.000 MPa
Ec(g) = 35220.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 48.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 3.509 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.456 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(g) = 500.000 MPa , Es(g) = 200000.000 MPa

Slab (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)


- Concrete Material Information
fck(s) = 30.000 MPa
Ec(s) = 32836.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 38.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 2.896 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.028 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(s) = 500.000 MPa , Es(s) = 200000.000 MPa

1.4 Tendon Profile Information


Location Area Strength (MPa) Ep
Type Tendon Name
(mm) (mm2) fpk fp0.1k (MPa)
1 S_strand_109 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
2 S_strand_108 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
3 S_strand_107 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
4 S_strand_106 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
5 S_strand_105 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
6 S_strand_104 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
7 S_strand_103 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
8 S_strand_102 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
9 S_strand_101 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
10 S_strand_100 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
11 S_strand_117 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
12 S_strand_116 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
13 S_strand_115 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
14 S_strand_114 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
15 S_strand_113 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
16 S_strand_112 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
17 S_strand_111 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
18 S_strand_110 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
19 S_strand_079 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
20 S_strand_089 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
21 S_strand_088 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
22 S_strand_087 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
23 S_strand_086 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
24 S_strand_085 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
25 S_strand_084 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
26 S_strand_083 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
27 S_strand_082 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
28 S_strand_081 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
29 S_strand_080 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
30 S_strand_099 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
31 S_strand_098 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
32 S_strand_097 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
33 S_strand_096 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
34 S_strand_095 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
35 S_strand_094 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
36 S_strand_093 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
37 S_strand_092 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
38 S_strand_091 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
39 S_strand_090 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000

2.Ultimate Moment Resistance


Positive Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 555.165 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 10318.072 0.000 0.000 6395.570 1.61332
2 362.500 7798.699 0.000 0.000 7449.624 1.04686
3 181.250 4930.000 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.66178
4 271.875 7083.013 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.95079
5 317.188 7445.148 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.99940
- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 960.498 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 7449.624 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 253.750 mm
x = 317.188 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 42374.928 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 381450.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 720.738 0.00962 0.00370 0.01332 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_108 720.663 0.00962 0.00370 0.01331 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_107 720.626 0.00962 0.00370 0.01331 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_106 720.627 0.00962 0.00370 0.01331 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_105 720.666 0.00962 0.00370 0.01331 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_104 720.744 0.00962 0.00370 0.01332 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_103 720.859 0.00962 0.00370 0.01332 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_102 721.012 0.00962 0.00370 0.01332 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_101 713.657 0.00962 0.00366 0.01328 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_100 713.658 0.00962 0.00366 0.01328 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_117 863.423 0.00962 0.00443 0.01405 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_116 863.431 0.00962 0.00443 0.01405 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_115 863.429 0.00962 0.00443 0.01405 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_114 863.434 0.00962 0.00443 0.01405 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_113 822.897 0.00962 0.00422 0.01384 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_112 822.898 0.00962 0.00422 0.01384 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_111 721.002 0.00962 0.00370 0.01332 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_110 720.851 0.00962 0.00370 0.01332 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_079 707.324 0.00962 0.00363 0.01325 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_089 706.681 0.00962 0.00362 0.01324 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_088 706.727 0.00962 0.00362 0.01324 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_087 706.731 0.00962 0.00362 0.01324 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_086 706.810 0.00962 0.00362 0.01324 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_085 706.816 0.00962 0.00362 0.01324 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_084 706.936 0.00962 0.00363 0.01324 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_083 706.944 0.00962 0.00363 0.01324 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_082 707.103 0.00962 0.00363 0.01325 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_081 707.113 0.00962 0.00363 0.01325 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_080 707.311 0.00962 0.00363 0.01325 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_099 713.696 0.00962 0.00366 0.01328 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_098 713.699 0.00962 0.00366 0.01328 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_097 713.775 0.00962 0.00366 0.01328 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_096 713.781 0.00962 0.00366 0.01328 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_095 713.894 0.00962 0.00366 0.01328 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_094 713.902 0.00962 0.00366 0.01328 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_093 714.053 0.00962 0.00366 0.01328 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_092 714.064 0.00962 0.00366 0.01328 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_091 714.251 0.00962 0.00366 0.01328 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_090 714.264 0.00962 0.00366 0.01328 1364.400 140.000 191.016
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 7449.624
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 8034.734 kNm MEd = 555.165 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

Negative Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 0.000 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 6361.491 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
2 362.500 4608.047 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
3 181.250 2441.613 0.000 0.000 5652.414 0.43196
4 271.875 3651.452 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
5 226.563 3051.451 0.000 0.000 4578.855 0.66642
6 249.219 3355.739 0.000 0.000 4188.470 0.80118
7 260.547 3506.319 0.000 0.000 4018.737 0.87249
8 266.211 3579.596 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
9 263.379 3543.135 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
10 261.963 3524.771 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
11 261.255 3515.556 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
12 260.901 3510.940 0.000 0.000 4013.671 0.87475
13 261.078 3513.249 0.000 0.000 4011.142 0.87587
14 261.166 3514.402 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
15 261.122 3513.826 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
16 261.100 3513.537 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
17 261.089 3513.393 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
18 261.083 3513.321 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
19 261.081 3513.285 0.000 0.000 4011.103 0.87589
20 261.082 3513.303 0.000 0.000 4011.083 0.87590

- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 3513.303 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 0.000 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 4011.083 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 208.866 mm
x = 261.082 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 154998.652 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 0.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 720.738 0.00000 0.00370 0.00370 720.740 140.000 100.904
S_strand_108 720.663 0.00000 0.00370 0.00370 720.665 140.000 100.893
S_strand_107 720.626 0.00000 0.00370 0.00370 720.628 140.000 100.888
S_strand_106 720.627 0.00000 0.00370 0.00370 720.629 140.000 100.888
S_strand_105 720.666 0.00000 0.00370 0.00370 720.669 140.000 100.894
S_strand_104 720.744 0.00000 0.00370 0.00370 720.746 140.000 100.904
S_strand_103 720.859 0.00000 0.00370 0.00370 720.862 140.000 100.921
S_strand_102 721.012 0.00000 0.00370 0.00370 721.015 140.000 100.942
S_strand_101 713.657 0.00000 0.00366 0.00366 713.659 140.000 99.912
S_strand_100 713.658 0.00000 0.00366 0.00366 713.660 140.000 99.912
S_strand_117 863.423 0.00000 0.00443 0.00443 863.426 140.000 120.880
S_strand_116 863.431 0.00000 0.00443 0.00443 863.434 140.000 120.881
S_strand_115 863.429 0.00000 0.00443 0.00443 863.432 140.000 120.880
S_strand_114 863.434 0.00000 0.00443 0.00443 863.437 140.000 120.881
S_strand_113 822.897 0.00000 0.00422 0.00422 822.899 140.000 115.206
S_strand_112 822.898 0.00000 0.00422 0.00422 822.901 140.000 115.206
S_strand_111 721.002 0.00000 0.00370 0.00370 721.004 140.000 100.941
S_strand_110 720.851 0.00000 0.00370 0.00370 720.854 140.000 100.920
S_strand_079 707.324 0.00000 0.00363 0.00363 707.327 140.000 99.026
S_strand_089 706.681 0.00000 0.00362 0.00362 706.684 140.000 98.936
S_strand_088 706.727 0.00000 0.00362 0.00362 706.730 140.000 98.942
S_strand_087 706.731 0.00000 0.00362 0.00362 706.733 140.000 98.943
S_strand_086 706.810 0.00000 0.00362 0.00362 706.813 140.000 98.954
S_strand_085 706.816 0.00000 0.00362 0.00362 706.819 140.000 98.955
S_strand_084 706.936 0.00000 0.00363 0.00363 706.938 140.000 98.971
S_strand_083 706.944 0.00000 0.00363 0.00363 706.947 140.000 98.973
S_strand_082 707.103 0.00000 0.00363 0.00363 707.105 140.000 98.995
S_strand_081 707.113 0.00000 0.00363 0.00363 707.116 140.000 98.996
S_strand_080 707.311 0.00000 0.00363 0.00363 707.314 140.000 99.024
S_strand_099 713.696 0.00000 0.00366 0.00366 713.698 140.000 99.918
S_strand_098 713.699 0.00000 0.00366 0.00366 713.702 140.000 99.918
S_strand_097 713.775 0.00000 0.00366 0.00366 713.778 140.000 99.929
S_strand_096 713.781 0.00000 0.00366 0.00366 713.783 140.000 99.930
S_strand_095 713.894 0.00000 0.00366 0.00366 713.897 140.000 99.946
S_strand_094 713.902 0.00000 0.00366 0.00366 713.905 140.000 99.947
S_strand_093 714.053 0.00000 0.00366 0.00366 714.056 140.000 99.968
S_strand_092 714.064 0.00000 0.00366 0.00366 714.066 140.000 99.969
S_strand_091 714.251 0.00000 0.00366 0.00366 714.254 140.000 99.996
S_strand_090 714.264 0.00000 0.00366 0.00366 714.267 140.000 99.997
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 4011.083
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 550.096 kNm MEd = 0.000 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

3.Shear Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4010.671 kN
VEd = -248.755 kN
MEd = 555.165 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -10.612 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 7.510 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.867 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.643 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 1089.506 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4011.069 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -950.517 kNm : Moment of prestressing force

- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid


s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.148 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 100.629 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 777.380 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 878.009 kN > VEd = -248.755 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm S
l,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 124.377 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6934.887 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, M Rd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.622 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -248.755 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.622 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, fctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd) and design strength(fcd)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

Minimum Shear Force


1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4050.736 kN
VEd = -248.755 kN
MEd = 555.165 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -10.825 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 7.510 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.867 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.643 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 1089.506 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4011.069 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -950.517 kNm : Moment of prestressing force
- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid
s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.148 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 100.629 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm 4
: Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 777.380 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 878.009 kN > VEd = -248.755 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm Sl,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 124.377 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6934.887 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, MRd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.622 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -248.755 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.622 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, f ctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd
) and design strength(f cd
)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

4.Torsional Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4010.671 kN
VEd = -248.755 kN
TEd = 0.025 kNm
MEd = 555.165 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.147 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1689.031 kN

Minimum Shear Force


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4050.736 kN
VEd = -248.755 kN
TEd = 0.025 kNm
MEd = 555.165 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.147 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1691.424 kN

Maximum Torsion Moment


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4050.736 kN
VEd = -248.755 kN
TEd = 0.025 kNm
MEd = 555.165 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.147 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1691.424 kN
Element Number 123
Position Information J

1.Design Condition
1.1 Design Parameters
- Partial factors for ultimate limit states (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 2.4.2.4)
Design Situations c for concrete s for reinforcing steel s for prestressing steel
Persistent & Transient 1.500 1.150 1.150
Accidental 1.200 1.000 1.000

- factor cc, ct : Coefficient for long term effects on Compression and Tensile Strength.
cc = 0.850 (for the Compressive strength)
ct = 1.000 (for the Tensile strength)

1.2 Sectional Information


Section Equvlnt sect(tdn, reinfmnt) Equvlnt sect (After Comp)
Information (Girder) (Girder + Slab)
A (mm2) 561456.288 910400.591
Iy (mm4) 130051866715.267 234616258403.120
yst (mm) - 584.968
ysb (mm) - 384.968
yt (mm) 777.185 434.968
yb (mm) 522.815 865.032
Zst (mm3) - 401075691.944
Zsb (mm3) - 609444271.983
Zt (mm3) 68188257.081 539387977.598
Zb (mm3) 36139776.253 271222488.847

1.3 Material Information


Girder (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)
- Concrete Material Information
fck(g) = 40.000 MPa
Ec(g) = 35220.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 48.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 3.509 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.456 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(g) = 500.000 MPa , Es(g) = 200000.000 MPa

Slab (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)


- Concrete Material Information
fck(s) = 30.000 MPa
Ec(s) = 32836.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 38.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 2.896 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.028 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(s) = 500.000 MPa , Es(s) = 200000.000 MPa

1.4 Tendon Profile Information


Location Area Strength (MPa) Ep
Type Tendon Name
(mm) (mm2) fpk fp0.1k (MPa)
1 S_strand_109 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
2 S_strand_108 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
3 S_strand_107 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
4 S_strand_106 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
5 S_strand_105 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
6 S_strand_104 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
7 S_strand_103 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
8 S_strand_102 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
9 S_strand_101 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
10 S_strand_100 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
11 S_strand_117 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
12 S_strand_116 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
13 S_strand_115 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
14 S_strand_114 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
15 S_strand_113 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
16 S_strand_112 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
17 S_strand_111 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
18 S_strand_110 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
19 S_strand_079 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
20 S_strand_089 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
21 S_strand_088 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
22 S_strand_087 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
23 S_strand_086 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
24 S_strand_085 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
25 S_strand_084 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
26 S_strand_083 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
27 S_strand_082 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
28 S_strand_081 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
29 S_strand_080 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
30 S_strand_099 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
31 S_strand_098 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
32 S_strand_097 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
33 S_strand_096 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
34 S_strand_095 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
35 S_strand_094 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
36 S_strand_093 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
37 S_strand_092 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
38 S_strand_091 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
39 S_strand_090 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000

2.Ultimate Moment Resistance


Positive Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 789.454 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 10318.072 0.000 0.000 6435.635 1.60327
2 362.500 7798.699 0.000 0.000 7449.624 1.04686
3 181.250 4930.000 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.66178
4 271.875 7083.013 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.95079
5 317.188 7445.148 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.99940
- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 960.498 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 7449.624 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 253.750 mm
x = 317.188 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 42374.928 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 381450.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 730.191 0.00962 0.00374 0.01336 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_108 730.113 0.00962 0.00374 0.01336 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_107 730.074 0.00962 0.00374 0.01336 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_106 730.072 0.00962 0.00374 0.01336 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_105 730.109 0.00962 0.00374 0.01336 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_104 730.184 0.00962 0.00374 0.01336 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_103 730.297 0.00962 0.00375 0.01336 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_102 730.448 0.00962 0.00375 0.01336 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_101 724.148 0.00962 0.00371 0.01333 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_100 724.147 0.00962 0.00371 0.01333 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_117 851.167 0.00962 0.00436 0.01398 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_116 851.172 0.00962 0.00436 0.01398 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_115 851.161 0.00962 0.00436 0.01398 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_114 851.169 0.00962 0.00436 0.01398 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_113 816.898 0.00962 0.00419 0.01381 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_112 816.897 0.00962 0.00419 0.01381 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_111 730.460 0.00962 0.00375 0.01337 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_110 730.306 0.00962 0.00375 0.01336 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_079 718.845 0.00962 0.00369 0.01331 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_089 718.216 0.00962 0.00368 0.01330 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_088 718.265 0.00962 0.00368 0.01330 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_087 718.261 0.00962 0.00368 0.01330 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_086 718.351 0.00962 0.00368 0.01330 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_085 718.344 0.00962 0.00368 0.01330 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_084 718.479 0.00962 0.00368 0.01330 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_083 718.470 0.00962 0.00368 0.01330 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_082 718.648 0.00962 0.00369 0.01330 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_081 718.636 0.00962 0.00369 0.01330 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_080 718.859 0.00962 0.00369 0.01331 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_099 724.190 0.00962 0.00371 0.01333 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_098 724.186 0.00962 0.00371 0.01333 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_097 724.272 0.00962 0.00371 0.01333 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_096 724.265 0.00962 0.00371 0.01333 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_095 724.393 0.00962 0.00371 0.01333 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_094 724.384 0.00962 0.00371 0.01333 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_093 724.555 0.00962 0.00372 0.01333 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_092 724.543 0.00962 0.00372 0.01333 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_091 724.755 0.00962 0.00372 0.01334 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_090 724.741 0.00962 0.00372 0.01334 1364.400 140.000 191.016
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 7449.624
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 8034.734 kNm MEd = 789.454 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

Negative Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 0.000 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 6361.491 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
2 362.500 4608.047 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
3 181.250 2441.613 0.000 0.000 5692.480 0.42892
4 271.875 3651.452 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
5 226.563 3051.451 0.000 0.000 4618.921 0.66064
6 249.219 3355.739 0.000 0.000 4228.535 0.79359
7 260.547 3506.319 0.000 0.000 4058.803 0.86388
8 266.211 3579.596 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
9 263.379 3543.135 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
10 261.963 3524.771 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
11 261.255 3515.556 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
12 260.901 3510.940 0.000 0.000 4053.736 0.86610
13 261.078 3513.249 0.000 0.000 4051.208 0.86721
14 261.166 3514.402 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
15 261.122 3513.826 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
16 261.100 3513.537 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
17 261.089 3513.393 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
18 261.083 3513.321 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
19 261.081 3513.285 0.000 0.000 4051.169 0.86723
20 261.082 3513.303 0.000 0.000 4051.149 0.86724

- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 3513.303 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 0.000 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 4051.149 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 208.866 mm
x = 261.082 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 154998.652 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 0.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 730.191 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 730.193 140.000 102.227
S_strand_108 730.113 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 730.116 140.000 102.216
S_strand_107 730.074 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 730.076 140.000 102.211
S_strand_106 730.072 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 730.075 140.000 102.210
S_strand_105 730.109 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 730.112 140.000 102.216
S_strand_104 730.184 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 730.187 140.000 102.226
S_strand_103 730.297 0.00000 0.00375 0.00375 730.300 140.000 102.242
S_strand_102 730.448 0.00000 0.00375 0.00375 730.451 140.000 102.263
S_strand_101 724.148 0.00000 0.00371 0.00371 724.151 140.000 101.381
S_strand_100 724.147 0.00000 0.00371 0.00371 724.150 140.000 101.381
S_strand_117 851.167 0.00000 0.00436 0.00436 851.170 140.000 119.164
S_strand_116 851.172 0.00000 0.00436 0.00436 851.175 140.000 119.164
S_strand_115 851.161 0.00000 0.00436 0.00436 851.164 140.000 119.163
S_strand_114 851.169 0.00000 0.00436 0.00436 851.172 140.000 119.164
S_strand_113 816.898 0.00000 0.00419 0.00419 816.901 140.000 114.366
S_strand_112 816.897 0.00000 0.00419 0.00419 816.899 140.000 114.366
S_strand_111 730.460 0.00000 0.00375 0.00375 730.462 140.000 102.265
S_strand_110 730.306 0.00000 0.00375 0.00375 730.309 140.000 102.243
S_strand_079 718.845 0.00000 0.00369 0.00369 718.847 140.000 100.639
S_strand_089 718.216 0.00000 0.00368 0.00368 718.218 140.000 100.551
S_strand_088 718.265 0.00000 0.00368 0.00368 718.268 140.000 100.557
S_strand_087 718.261 0.00000 0.00368 0.00368 718.264 140.000 100.557
S_strand_086 718.351 0.00000 0.00368 0.00368 718.353 140.000 100.569
S_strand_085 718.344 0.00000 0.00368 0.00368 718.347 140.000 100.569
S_strand_084 718.479 0.00000 0.00368 0.00368 718.481 140.000 100.587
S_strand_083 718.470 0.00000 0.00368 0.00368 718.472 140.000 100.586
S_strand_082 718.648 0.00000 0.00369 0.00369 718.651 140.000 100.611
S_strand_081 718.636 0.00000 0.00369 0.00369 718.639 140.000 100.609
S_strand_080 718.859 0.00000 0.00369 0.00369 718.862 140.000 100.641
S_strand_099 724.190 0.00000 0.00371 0.00371 724.193 140.000 101.387
S_strand_098 724.186 0.00000 0.00371 0.00371 724.189 140.000 101.386
S_strand_097 724.272 0.00000 0.00371 0.00371 724.274 140.000 101.398
S_strand_096 724.265 0.00000 0.00371 0.00371 724.268 140.000 101.398
S_strand_095 724.393 0.00000 0.00371 0.00371 724.396 140.000 101.415
S_strand_094 724.384 0.00000 0.00371 0.00371 724.387 140.000 101.414
S_strand_093 724.555 0.00000 0.00372 0.00372 724.557 140.000 101.438
S_strand_092 724.543 0.00000 0.00372 0.00372 724.546 140.000 101.436
S_strand_091 724.755 0.00000 0.00372 0.00372 724.758 140.000 101.466
S_strand_090 724.741 0.00000 0.00372 0.00372 724.744 140.000 101.464
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 4051.149
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 550.096 kNm MEd = 0.000 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

3.Shear Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4010.671 kN
VEd = -219.821 kN
MEd = 789.454 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -9.592 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 7.292 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.646 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.647 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 1005.369 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4051.134 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -976.093 kNm : Moment of prestressing force

- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid


s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.128 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 87.212 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 771.844 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 859.056 kN > VEd = -219.821 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm S
l,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 109.911 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6717.660 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, M Rd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.549 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -219.821 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.549 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, fctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd) and design strength(fcd)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

Minimum Shear Force


1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4050.736 kN
VEd = -219.821 kN
MEd = 789.454 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -9.804 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 7.292 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.646 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.647 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 1005.369 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4051.134 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -976.093 kNm : Moment of prestressing force
- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid
s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.128 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 87.212 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm 4
: Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 771.844 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 859.056 kN > VEd = -219.821 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm Sl,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 109.911 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6717.660 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, MRd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.549 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -219.821 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.549 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, f ctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd
) and design strength(f cd
)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

4.Torsional Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4010.671 kN
VEd = -219.821 kN
TEd = 0.025 kNm
MEd = 789.454 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.130 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1689.031 kN

Minimum Shear Force


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4050.736 kN
VEd = -219.821 kN
TEd = 0.025 kNm
MEd = 789.454 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.130 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1691.424 kN

Maximum Torsion Moment


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4050.736 kN
VEd = -219.821 kN
TEd = 0.025 kNm
MEd = 789.454 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.130 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1691.424 kN
Element Number 124
Position Information I

1.Design Condition
1.1 Design Parameters
- Partial factors for ultimate limit states (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 2.4.2.4)
Design Situations c for concrete s for reinforcing steel s for prestressing steel
Persistent & Transient 1.500 1.150 1.150
Accidental 1.200 1.000 1.000

- factor cc, ct : Coefficient for long term effects on Compression and Tensile Strength.
cc = 0.850 (for the Compressive strength)
ct = 1.000 (for the Tensile strength)

1.2 Sectional Information


Section Equvlnt sect(tdn, reinfmnt) Equvlnt sect (After Comp)
Information (Girder) (Girder + Slab)
A (mm2) 561456.288 910400.591
Iy (mm4) 130051866715.267 234616258403.120
yst (mm) - 584.968
ysb (mm) - 384.968
yt (mm) 777.185 434.968
yb (mm) 522.815 865.032
Zst (mm3) - 401075691.944
Zsb (mm3) - 609444271.983
Zt (mm3) 68188257.081 539387977.598
Zb (mm3) 36139776.253 271222488.847

1.3 Material Information


Girder (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)
- Concrete Material Information
fck(g) = 40.000 MPa
Ec(g) = 35220.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 48.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 3.509 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.456 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(g) = 500.000 MPa , Es(g) = 200000.000 MPa

Slab (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)


- Concrete Material Information
fck(s) = 30.000 MPa
Ec(s) = 32836.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 38.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 2.896 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.028 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(s) = 500.000 MPa , Es(s) = 200000.000 MPa

1.4 Tendon Profile Information


Location Area Strength (MPa) Ep
Type Tendon Name
(mm) (mm2) fpk fp0.1k (MPa)
1 S_strand_109 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
2 S_strand_108 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
3 S_strand_107 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
4 S_strand_106 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
5 S_strand_105 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
6 S_strand_104 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
7 S_strand_103 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
8 S_strand_102 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
9 S_strand_101 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
10 S_strand_100 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
11 S_strand_117 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
12 S_strand_116 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
13 S_strand_115 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
14 S_strand_114 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
15 S_strand_113 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
16 S_strand_112 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
17 S_strand_111 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
18 S_strand_110 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
19 S_strand_079 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
20 S_strand_089 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
21 S_strand_088 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
22 S_strand_087 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
23 S_strand_086 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
24 S_strand_085 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
25 S_strand_084 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
26 S_strand_083 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
27 S_strand_082 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
28 S_strand_081 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
29 S_strand_080 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
30 S_strand_099 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
31 S_strand_098 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
32 S_strand_097 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
33 S_strand_096 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
34 S_strand_095 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
35 S_strand_094 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
36 S_strand_093 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
37 S_strand_092 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
38 S_strand_091 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
39 S_strand_090 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000

2.Ultimate Moment Resistance


Positive Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 789.354 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 10318.072 0.000 0.000 6435.634 1.60327
2 362.500 7798.699 0.000 0.000 7449.624 1.04686
3 181.250 4930.000 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.66178
4 271.875 7083.013 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.95079
5 317.188 7445.148 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.99940
- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 960.498 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 7449.624 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 253.750 mm
x = 317.188 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 42374.928 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 381450.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 730.184 0.00962 0.00374 0.01336 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_108 730.109 0.00962 0.00374 0.01336 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_107 730.072 0.00962 0.00374 0.01336 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_106 730.073 0.00962 0.00374 0.01336 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_105 730.112 0.00962 0.00374 0.01336 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_104 730.190 0.00962 0.00374 0.01336 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_103 730.305 0.00962 0.00375 0.01336 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_102 730.459 0.00962 0.00375 0.01337 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_101 724.146 0.00962 0.00371 0.01333 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_100 724.147 0.00962 0.00371 0.01333 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_117 851.165 0.00962 0.00436 0.01398 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_116 851.173 0.00962 0.00436 0.01398 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_115 851.171 0.00962 0.00436 0.01398 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_114 851.176 0.00962 0.00437 0.01398 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_113 816.899 0.00962 0.00419 0.01381 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_112 816.901 0.00962 0.00419 0.01381 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_111 730.448 0.00962 0.00375 0.01336 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_110 730.297 0.00962 0.00375 0.01336 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_079 718.857 0.00962 0.00369 0.01331 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_089 718.214 0.00962 0.00368 0.01330 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_088 718.260 0.00962 0.00368 0.01330 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_087 718.264 0.00962 0.00368 0.01330 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_086 718.343 0.00962 0.00368 0.01330 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_085 718.349 0.00962 0.00368 0.01330 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_084 718.469 0.00962 0.00368 0.01330 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_083 718.477 0.00962 0.00368 0.01330 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_082 718.636 0.00962 0.00369 0.01330 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_081 718.647 0.00962 0.00369 0.01330 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_080 718.844 0.00962 0.00369 0.01331 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_099 724.185 0.00962 0.00371 0.01333 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_098 724.189 0.00962 0.00371 0.01333 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_097 724.264 0.00962 0.00371 0.01333 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_096 724.271 0.00962 0.00371 0.01333 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_095 724.384 0.00962 0.00371 0.01333 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_094 724.392 0.00962 0.00371 0.01333 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_093 724.543 0.00962 0.00372 0.01333 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_092 724.553 0.00962 0.00372 0.01333 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_091 724.741 0.00962 0.00372 0.01334 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_090 724.754 0.00962 0.00372 0.01334 1364.400 140.000 191.016
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 7449.624
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 8034.734 kNm MEd = 789.354 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

Negative Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 0.000 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 6361.491 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
2 362.500 4608.047 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
3 181.250 2441.613 0.000 0.000 5692.478 0.42892
4 271.875 3651.452 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
5 226.563 3051.451 0.000 0.000 4618.919 0.66064
6 249.219 3355.739 0.000 0.000 4228.534 0.79359
7 260.547 3506.319 0.000 0.000 4058.802 0.86388
8 266.211 3579.596 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
9 263.379 3543.135 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
10 261.963 3524.771 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
11 261.255 3515.556 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
12 260.901 3510.940 0.000 0.000 4053.735 0.86610
13 261.078 3513.249 0.000 0.000 4051.207 0.86721
14 261.166 3514.402 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
15 261.122 3513.826 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
16 261.100 3513.537 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
17 261.089 3513.393 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
18 261.083 3513.321 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
19 261.081 3513.285 0.000 0.000 4051.167 0.86723
20 261.082 3513.303 0.000 0.000 4051.147 0.86724

- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 3513.303 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 0.000 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 4051.147 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 208.866 mm
x = 261.082 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 154998.652 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 0.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 730.184 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 730.186 140.000 102.226
S_strand_108 730.109 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 730.111 140.000 102.216
S_strand_107 730.072 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 730.074 140.000 102.210
S_strand_106 730.073 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 730.076 140.000 102.211
S_strand_105 730.112 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 730.115 140.000 102.216
S_strand_104 730.190 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 730.193 140.000 102.227
S_strand_103 730.305 0.00000 0.00375 0.00375 730.308 140.000 102.243
S_strand_102 730.459 0.00000 0.00375 0.00375 730.461 140.000 102.265
S_strand_101 724.146 0.00000 0.00371 0.00371 724.149 140.000 101.381
S_strand_100 724.147 0.00000 0.00371 0.00371 724.150 140.000 101.381
S_strand_117 851.165 0.00000 0.00436 0.00436 851.168 140.000 119.163
S_strand_116 851.173 0.00000 0.00436 0.00437 851.176 140.000 119.165
S_strand_115 851.171 0.00000 0.00436 0.00436 851.174 140.000 119.164
S_strand_114 851.176 0.00000 0.00437 0.00437 851.179 140.000 119.165
S_strand_113 816.899 0.00000 0.00419 0.00419 816.902 140.000 114.366
S_strand_112 816.901 0.00000 0.00419 0.00419 816.904 140.000 114.367
S_strand_111 730.448 0.00000 0.00375 0.00375 730.450 140.000 102.263
S_strand_110 730.297 0.00000 0.00375 0.00375 730.300 140.000 102.242
S_strand_079 718.857 0.00000 0.00369 0.00369 718.860 140.000 100.640
S_strand_089 718.214 0.00000 0.00368 0.00368 718.217 140.000 100.550
S_strand_088 718.260 0.00000 0.00368 0.00368 718.263 140.000 100.557
S_strand_087 718.264 0.00000 0.00368 0.00368 718.266 140.000 100.557
S_strand_086 718.343 0.00000 0.00368 0.00368 718.346 140.000 100.568
S_strand_085 718.349 0.00000 0.00368 0.00368 718.352 140.000 100.569
S_strand_084 718.469 0.00000 0.00368 0.00368 718.471 140.000 100.586
S_strand_083 718.477 0.00000 0.00368 0.00368 718.480 140.000 100.587
S_strand_082 718.636 0.00000 0.00369 0.00369 718.638 140.000 100.609
S_strand_081 718.647 0.00000 0.00369 0.00369 718.649 140.000 100.611
S_strand_080 718.844 0.00000 0.00369 0.00369 718.847 140.000 100.639
S_strand_099 724.185 0.00000 0.00371 0.00371 724.188 140.000 101.386
S_strand_098 724.189 0.00000 0.00371 0.00371 724.192 140.000 101.387
S_strand_097 724.264 0.00000 0.00371 0.00371 724.267 140.000 101.397
S_strand_096 724.271 0.00000 0.00371 0.00371 724.273 140.000 101.398
S_strand_095 724.384 0.00000 0.00371 0.00371 724.386 140.000 101.414
S_strand_094 724.392 0.00000 0.00371 0.00371 724.395 140.000 101.415
S_strand_093 724.543 0.00000 0.00372 0.00372 724.545 140.000 101.436
S_strand_092 724.553 0.00000 0.00372 0.00372 724.556 140.000 101.438
S_strand_091 724.741 0.00000 0.00372 0.00372 724.743 140.000 101.464
S_strand_090 724.754 0.00000 0.00372 0.00372 724.757 140.000 101.466
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 4051.147
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 550.096 kNm MEd = 0.000 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

3.Shear Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4050.536 kN
VEd = -219.828 kN
MEd = 789.354 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -9.805 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 7.292 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.646 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.647 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 1005.369 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4051.133 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -976.089 kNm : Moment of prestressing force

- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid


s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.128 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 87.212 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 771.844 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 859.056 kN > VEd = -219.828 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm S
l,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 109.914 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6717.753 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, M Rd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.549 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -219.828 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.549 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, fctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd) and design strength(fcd)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

Minimum Shear Force


1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4085.378 kN
VEd = -219.828 kN
MEd = 789.354 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -9.989 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 7.292 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.646 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.647 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 1005.369 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4051.133 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -976.089 kNm : Moment of prestressing force
- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid
s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.128 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 87.212 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm 4
: Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 771.844 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 859.056 kN > VEd = -219.828 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm Sl,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 109.914 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6717.753 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, MRd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.549 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -219.828 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.549 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, f ctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd
) and design strength(f cd
)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

4.Torsional Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4050.536 kN
VEd = -219.828 kN
TEd = -0.022 kNm
MEd = 789.354 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.130 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1691.412 kN

Minimum Shear Force


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4085.378 kN
VEd = -219.828 kN
TEd = -0.022 kNm
MEd = 789.354 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.130 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1693.492 kN

Maximum Torsion Moment


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4085.378 kN
VEd = -219.828 kN
TEd = -0.022 kNm
MEd = 789.354 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.130 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1693.492 kN
Element Number 124
Position Information J

1.Design Condition
1.1 Design Parameters
- Partial factors for ultimate limit states (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 2.4.2.4)
Design Situations c for concrete s for reinforcing steel s for prestressing steel
Persistent & Transient 1.500 1.150 1.150
Accidental 1.200 1.000 1.000

- factor cc, ct : Coefficient for long term effects on Compression and Tensile Strength.
cc = 0.850 (for the Compressive strength)
ct = 1.000 (for the Tensile strength)

1.2 Sectional Information


Section Equvlnt sect(tdn, reinfmnt) Equvlnt sect (After Comp)
Information (Girder) (Girder + Slab)
A (mm2) 561456.288 910400.591
Iy (mm4) 130051866715.267 234616258403.120
yst (mm) - 584.968
ysb (mm) - 384.968
yt (mm) 777.185 434.968
yb (mm) 522.815 865.032
Zst (mm3) - 401075691.944
Zsb (mm3) - 609444271.983
Zt (mm3) 68188257.081 539387977.598
Zb (mm3) 36139776.253 271222488.847

1.3 Material Information


Girder (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)
- Concrete Material Information
fck(g) = 40.000 MPa
Ec(g) = 35220.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 48.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 3.509 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.456 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(g) = 500.000 MPa , Es(g) = 200000.000 MPa

Slab (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)


- Concrete Material Information
fck(s) = 30.000 MPa
Ec(s) = 32836.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 38.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 2.896 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.028 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(s) = 500.000 MPa , Es(s) = 200000.000 MPa

1.4 Tendon Profile Information


Location Area Strength (MPa) Ep
Type Tendon Name
(mm) (mm2) fpk fp0.1k (MPa)
1 S_strand_109 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
2 S_strand_108 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
3 S_strand_107 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
4 S_strand_106 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
5 S_strand_105 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
6 S_strand_104 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
7 S_strand_103 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
8 S_strand_102 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
9 S_strand_101 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
10 S_strand_100 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
11 S_strand_117 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
12 S_strand_116 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
13 S_strand_115 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
14 S_strand_114 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
15 S_strand_113 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
16 S_strand_112 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
17 S_strand_111 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
18 S_strand_110 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
19 S_strand_079 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
20 S_strand_089 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
21 S_strand_088 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
22 S_strand_087 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
23 S_strand_086 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
24 S_strand_085 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
25 S_strand_084 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
26 S_strand_083 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
27 S_strand_082 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
28 S_strand_081 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
29 S_strand_080 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
30 S_strand_099 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
31 S_strand_098 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
32 S_strand_097 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
33 S_strand_096 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
34 S_strand_095 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
35 S_strand_094 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
36 S_strand_093 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
37 S_strand_092 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
38 S_strand_091 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
39 S_strand_090 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000

2.Ultimate Moment Resistance


Positive Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 994.715 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 10318.072 0.000 0.000 6470.476 1.59464
2 362.500 7798.699 0.000 0.000 7449.624 1.04686
3 181.250 4930.000 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.66178
4 271.875 7083.013 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.95079
5 317.188 7445.148 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.99940
- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 960.498 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 7449.624 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 253.750 mm
x = 317.188 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 42374.928 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 381450.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 738.396 0.00962 0.00379 0.01341 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_108 738.318 0.00962 0.00379 0.01341 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_107 738.279 0.00962 0.00379 0.01341 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_106 738.277 0.00962 0.00379 0.01341 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_105 738.314 0.00962 0.00379 0.01341 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_104 738.390 0.00962 0.00379 0.01341 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_103 738.503 0.00962 0.00379 0.01341 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_102 738.653 0.00962 0.00379 0.01341 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_101 733.256 0.00962 0.00376 0.01338 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_100 733.255 0.00962 0.00376 0.01338 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_117 840.596 0.00962 0.00431 0.01393 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_116 840.601 0.00962 0.00431 0.01393 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_115 840.590 0.00962 0.00431 0.01393 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_114 840.598 0.00962 0.00431 0.01393 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_113 811.744 0.00962 0.00416 0.01378 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_112 811.742 0.00962 0.00416 0.01378 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_111 738.664 0.00962 0.00379 0.01341 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_110 738.511 0.00962 0.00379 0.01341 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_079 728.855 0.00962 0.00374 0.01336 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_089 728.226 0.00962 0.00373 0.01335 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_088 728.275 0.00962 0.00373 0.01335 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_087 728.272 0.00962 0.00373 0.01335 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_086 728.361 0.00962 0.00374 0.01335 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_085 728.355 0.00962 0.00374 0.01335 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_084 728.489 0.00962 0.00374 0.01335 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_083 728.480 0.00962 0.00374 0.01335 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_082 728.658 0.00962 0.00374 0.01336 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_081 728.647 0.00962 0.00374 0.01336 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_080 728.869 0.00962 0.00374 0.01336 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_099 733.298 0.00962 0.00376 0.01338 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_098 733.294 0.00962 0.00376 0.01338 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_097 733.379 0.00962 0.00376 0.01338 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_096 733.373 0.00962 0.00376 0.01338 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_095 733.501 0.00962 0.00376 0.01338 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_094 733.492 0.00962 0.00376 0.01338 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_093 733.662 0.00962 0.00376 0.01338 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_092 733.651 0.00962 0.00376 0.01338 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_091 733.863 0.00962 0.00376 0.01338 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_090 733.849 0.00962 0.00376 0.01338 1364.400 140.000 191.016
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 7449.624
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 8034.734 kNm MEd = 994.715 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

Negative Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 0.000 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 6361.491 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
2 362.500 4608.047 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
3 181.250 2441.613 0.000 0.000 5727.321 0.42631
4 271.875 3651.452 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
5 226.563 3051.451 0.000 0.000 4653.762 0.65570
6 249.219 3355.739 0.000 0.000 4263.376 0.78711
7 260.547 3506.319 0.000 0.000 4093.644 0.85653
8 266.211 3579.596 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
9 263.379 3543.135 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
10 261.963 3524.771 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
11 261.255 3515.556 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
12 260.901 3510.940 0.000 0.000 4088.577 0.85872
13 261.078 3513.249 0.000 0.000 4086.049 0.85982
14 261.166 3514.402 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
15 261.122 3513.826 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
16 261.100 3513.537 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
17 261.089 3513.393 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
18 261.083 3513.321 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
19 261.081 3513.285 0.000 0.000 4086.010 0.85983
20 261.082 3513.303 0.000 0.000 4085.990 0.85984

- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 3513.303 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 0.000 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 4085.990 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 208.866 mm
x = 261.082 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 154998.652 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 0.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 738.396 0.00000 0.00379 0.00379 738.398 140.000 103.376
S_strand_108 738.318 0.00000 0.00379 0.00379 738.321 140.000 103.365
S_strand_107 738.279 0.00000 0.00379 0.00379 738.281 140.000 103.359
S_strand_106 738.277 0.00000 0.00379 0.00379 738.280 140.000 103.359
S_strand_105 738.314 0.00000 0.00379 0.00379 738.317 140.000 103.364
S_strand_104 738.390 0.00000 0.00379 0.00379 738.392 140.000 103.375
S_strand_103 738.503 0.00000 0.00379 0.00379 738.505 140.000 103.391
S_strand_102 738.653 0.00000 0.00379 0.00379 738.656 140.000 103.412
S_strand_101 733.256 0.00000 0.00376 0.00376 733.259 140.000 102.656
S_strand_100 733.255 0.00000 0.00376 0.00376 733.258 140.000 102.656
S_strand_117 840.596 0.00000 0.00431 0.00431 840.599 140.000 117.684
S_strand_116 840.601 0.00000 0.00431 0.00431 840.604 140.000 117.685
S_strand_115 840.590 0.00000 0.00431 0.00431 840.593 140.000 117.683
S_strand_114 840.598 0.00000 0.00431 0.00431 840.601 140.000 117.684
S_strand_113 811.744 0.00000 0.00416 0.00416 811.746 140.000 113.644
S_strand_112 811.742 0.00000 0.00416 0.00416 811.744 140.000 113.644
S_strand_111 738.664 0.00000 0.00379 0.00379 738.667 140.000 103.413
S_strand_110 738.511 0.00000 0.00379 0.00379 738.514 140.000 103.392
S_strand_079 728.855 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 728.858 140.000 102.040
S_strand_089 728.226 0.00000 0.00373 0.00373 728.229 140.000 101.952
S_strand_088 728.275 0.00000 0.00373 0.00373 728.278 140.000 101.959
S_strand_087 728.272 0.00000 0.00373 0.00373 728.274 140.000 101.958
S_strand_086 728.361 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 728.364 140.000 101.971
S_strand_085 728.355 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 728.358 140.000 101.970
S_strand_084 728.489 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 728.491 140.000 101.989
S_strand_083 728.480 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 728.483 140.000 101.988
S_strand_082 728.658 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 728.661 140.000 102.013
S_strand_081 728.647 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 728.650 140.000 102.011
S_strand_080 728.869 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 728.872 140.000 102.042
S_strand_099 733.298 0.00000 0.00376 0.00376 733.300 140.000 102.662
S_strand_098 733.294 0.00000 0.00376 0.00376 733.297 140.000 102.662
S_strand_097 733.379 0.00000 0.00376 0.00376 733.382 140.000 102.673
S_strand_096 733.373 0.00000 0.00376 0.00376 733.376 140.000 102.673
S_strand_095 733.501 0.00000 0.00376 0.00376 733.504 140.000 102.690
S_strand_094 733.492 0.00000 0.00376 0.00376 733.495 140.000 102.689
S_strand_093 733.662 0.00000 0.00376 0.00376 733.665 140.000 102.713
S_strand_092 733.651 0.00000 0.00376 0.00376 733.654 140.000 102.712
S_strand_091 733.863 0.00000 0.00376 0.00376 733.865 140.000 102.741
S_strand_090 733.849 0.00000 0.00376 0.00376 733.852 140.000 102.739
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 4085.990
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 550.096 kNm MEd = 0.000 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

3.Shear Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4050.536 kN
VEd = -190.894 kN
MEd = 994.715 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -8.913 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 7.106 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.456 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.651 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 933.250 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4085.975 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -998.263 kNm : Moment of prestressing force

- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid


s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.109 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 73.794 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 767.605 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 841.399 kN > VEd = -190.894 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm S
l,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 95.447 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6527.347 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, M Rd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.477 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -190.894 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.477 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, fctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd) and design strength(fcd)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

Minimum Shear Force


1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4085.378 kN
VEd = -190.894 kN
MEd = 994.715 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -9.097 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 7.106 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.456 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.651 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 933.250 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4085.975 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -998.263 kNm : Moment of prestressing force
- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid
s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.109 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 73.794 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm 4
: Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 767.605 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 841.399 kN > VEd = -190.894 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm Sl,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 95.447 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6527.347 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, MRd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.477 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -190.894 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.477 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, f ctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd
) and design strength(f cd
)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

4.Torsional Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4050.536 kN
VEd = -190.894 kN
TEd = -0.022 kNm
MEd = 994.715 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.113 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1691.412 kN

Minimum Shear Force


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4085.378 kN
VEd = -190.894 kN
TEd = -0.022 kNm
MEd = 994.715 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.113 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1693.492 kN

Maximum Torsion Moment


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4085.378 kN
VEd = -190.894 kN
TEd = -0.022 kNm
MEd = 994.715 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.113 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1693.492 kN
Element Number 125
Position Information I

1.Design Condition
1.1 Design Parameters
- Partial factors for ultimate limit states (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 2.4.2.4)
Design Situations c for concrete s for reinforcing steel s for prestressing steel
Persistent & Transient 1.500 1.150 1.150
Accidental 1.200 1.000 1.000

- factor cc, ct : Coefficient for long term effects on Compression and Tensile Strength.
cc = 0.850 (for the Compressive strength)
ct = 1.000 (for the Tensile strength)

1.2 Sectional Information


Section Equvlnt sect(tdn, reinfmnt) Equvlnt sect (After Comp)
Information (Girder) (Girder + Slab)
A (mm2) 561456.288 910400.591
Iy (mm4) 130051866715.267 234616258403.120
yst (mm) - 584.968
ysb (mm) - 384.968
yt (mm) 777.185 434.968
yb (mm) 522.815 865.032
Zst (mm3) - 401075691.944
Zsb (mm3) - 609444271.983
Zt (mm3) 68188257.081 539387977.598
Zb (mm3) 36139776.253 271222488.847

1.3 Material Information


Girder (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)
- Concrete Material Information
fck(g) = 40.000 MPa
Ec(g) = 35220.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 48.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 3.509 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.456 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(g) = 500.000 MPa , Es(g) = 200000.000 MPa

Slab (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)


- Concrete Material Information
fck(s) = 30.000 MPa
Ec(s) = 32836.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 38.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 2.896 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.028 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(s) = 500.000 MPa , Es(s) = 200000.000 MPa

1.4 Tendon Profile Information


Location Area Strength (MPa) Ep
Type Tendon Name
(mm) (mm2) fpk fp0.1k (MPa)
1 S_strand_109 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
2 S_strand_108 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
3 S_strand_107 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
4 S_strand_106 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
5 S_strand_105 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
6 S_strand_104 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
7 S_strand_103 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
8 S_strand_102 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
9 S_strand_101 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
10 S_strand_100 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
11 S_strand_117 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
12 S_strand_116 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
13 S_strand_115 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
14 S_strand_114 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
15 S_strand_113 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
16 S_strand_112 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
17 S_strand_111 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
18 S_strand_110 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
19 S_strand_079 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
20 S_strand_089 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
21 S_strand_088 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
22 S_strand_087 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
23 S_strand_086 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
24 S_strand_085 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
25 S_strand_084 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
26 S_strand_083 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
27 S_strand_082 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
28 S_strand_081 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
29 S_strand_080 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
30 S_strand_099 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
31 S_strand_098 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
32 S_strand_097 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
33 S_strand_096 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
34 S_strand_095 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
35 S_strand_094 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
36 S_strand_093 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
37 S_strand_092 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
38 S_strand_091 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
39 S_strand_090 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000

2.Ultimate Moment Resistance


Positive Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 994.610 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 10318.072 0.000 0.000 6470.475 1.59464
2 362.500 7798.699 0.000 0.000 7449.624 1.04686
3 181.250 4930.000 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.66178
4 271.875 7083.013 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.95079
5 317.188 7445.148 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.99940
- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 960.498 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 7449.624 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 253.750 mm
x = 317.188 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 42374.928 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 381450.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 738.389 0.00962 0.00379 0.01341 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_108 738.314 0.00962 0.00379 0.01341 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_107 738.277 0.00962 0.00379 0.01341 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_106 738.278 0.00962 0.00379 0.01341 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_105 738.317 0.00962 0.00379 0.01341 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_104 738.395 0.00962 0.00379 0.01341 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_103 738.510 0.00962 0.00379 0.01341 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_102 738.664 0.00962 0.00379 0.01341 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_101 733.254 0.00962 0.00376 0.01338 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_100 733.255 0.00962 0.00376 0.01338 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_117 840.594 0.00962 0.00431 0.01393 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_116 840.602 0.00962 0.00431 0.01393 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_115 840.600 0.00962 0.00431 0.01393 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_114 840.605 0.00962 0.00431 0.01393 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_113 811.745 0.00962 0.00416 0.01378 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_112 811.746 0.00962 0.00416 0.01378 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_111 738.653 0.00962 0.00379 0.01341 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_110 738.502 0.00962 0.00379 0.01341 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_079 728.868 0.00962 0.00374 0.01336 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_089 728.225 0.00962 0.00373 0.01335 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_088 728.271 0.00962 0.00373 0.01335 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_087 728.274 0.00962 0.00373 0.01335 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_086 728.354 0.00962 0.00374 0.01335 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_085 728.360 0.00962 0.00374 0.01335 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_084 728.479 0.00962 0.00374 0.01335 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_083 728.488 0.00962 0.00374 0.01335 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_082 728.646 0.00962 0.00374 0.01336 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_081 728.657 0.00962 0.00374 0.01336 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_080 728.854 0.00962 0.00374 0.01336 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_099 733.293 0.00962 0.00376 0.01338 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_098 733.297 0.00962 0.00376 0.01338 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_097 733.372 0.00962 0.00376 0.01338 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_096 733.378 0.00962 0.00376 0.01338 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_095 733.491 0.00962 0.00376 0.01338 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_094 733.500 0.00962 0.00376 0.01338 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_093 733.650 0.00962 0.00376 0.01338 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_092 733.661 0.00962 0.00376 0.01338 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_091 733.848 0.00962 0.00376 0.01338 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_090 733.862 0.00962 0.00376 0.01338 1364.400 140.000 191.016
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 7449.624
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 8034.734 kNm MEd = 994.610 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

Negative Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 0.000 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 6361.491 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
2 362.500 4608.047 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
3 181.250 2441.613 0.000 0.000 5727.319 0.42631
4 271.875 3651.452 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
5 226.563 3051.451 0.000 0.000 4653.760 0.65570
6 249.219 3355.739 0.000 0.000 4263.375 0.78711
7 260.547 3506.319 0.000 0.000 4093.643 0.85653
8 266.211 3579.596 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
9 263.379 3543.135 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
10 261.963 3524.771 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
11 261.255 3515.556 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
12 260.901 3510.940 0.000 0.000 4088.576 0.85872
13 261.078 3513.249 0.000 0.000 4086.048 0.85982
14 261.166 3514.402 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
15 261.122 3513.826 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
16 261.100 3513.537 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
17 261.089 3513.393 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
18 261.083 3513.321 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
19 261.081 3513.285 0.000 0.000 4086.008 0.85983
20 261.082 3513.303 0.000 0.000 4085.989 0.85984

- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 3513.303 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 0.000 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 4085.989 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 208.866 mm
x = 261.082 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 154998.652 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 0.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 738.389 0.00000 0.00379 0.00379 738.392 140.000 103.375
S_strand_108 738.314 0.00000 0.00379 0.00379 738.316 140.000 103.364
S_strand_107 738.277 0.00000 0.00379 0.00379 738.279 140.000 103.359
S_strand_106 738.278 0.00000 0.00379 0.00379 738.281 140.000 103.359
S_strand_105 738.317 0.00000 0.00379 0.00379 738.320 140.000 103.365
S_strand_104 738.395 0.00000 0.00379 0.00379 738.398 140.000 103.376
S_strand_103 738.510 0.00000 0.00379 0.00379 738.513 140.000 103.392
S_strand_102 738.664 0.00000 0.00379 0.00379 738.666 140.000 103.413
S_strand_101 733.254 0.00000 0.00376 0.00376 733.257 140.000 102.656
S_strand_100 733.255 0.00000 0.00376 0.00376 733.258 140.000 102.656
S_strand_117 840.594 0.00000 0.00431 0.00431 840.597 140.000 117.684
S_strand_116 840.602 0.00000 0.00431 0.00431 840.605 140.000 117.685
S_strand_115 840.600 0.00000 0.00431 0.00431 840.603 140.000 117.684
S_strand_114 840.605 0.00000 0.00431 0.00431 840.608 140.000 117.685
S_strand_113 811.745 0.00000 0.00416 0.00416 811.747 140.000 113.645
S_strand_112 811.746 0.00000 0.00416 0.00416 811.749 140.000 113.645
S_strand_111 738.653 0.00000 0.00379 0.00379 738.655 140.000 103.412
S_strand_110 738.502 0.00000 0.00379 0.00379 738.505 140.000 103.391
S_strand_079 728.868 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 728.870 140.000 102.042
S_strand_089 728.225 0.00000 0.00373 0.00373 728.227 140.000 101.952
S_strand_088 728.271 0.00000 0.00373 0.00373 728.273 140.000 101.958
S_strand_087 728.274 0.00000 0.00373 0.00373 728.277 140.000 101.959
S_strand_086 728.354 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 728.356 140.000 101.970
S_strand_085 728.360 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 728.363 140.000 101.971
S_strand_084 728.479 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 728.482 140.000 101.987
S_strand_083 728.488 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 728.490 140.000 101.989
S_strand_082 728.646 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 728.649 140.000 102.011
S_strand_081 728.657 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 728.660 140.000 102.012
S_strand_080 728.854 0.00000 0.00374 0.00374 728.857 140.000 102.040
S_strand_099 733.293 0.00000 0.00376 0.00376 733.296 140.000 102.661
S_strand_098 733.297 0.00000 0.00376 0.00376 733.299 140.000 102.662
S_strand_097 733.372 0.00000 0.00376 0.00376 733.375 140.000 102.672
S_strand_096 733.378 0.00000 0.00376 0.00376 733.381 140.000 102.673
S_strand_095 733.491 0.00000 0.00376 0.00376 733.494 140.000 102.689
S_strand_094 733.500 0.00000 0.00376 0.00376 733.503 140.000 102.690
S_strand_093 733.650 0.00000 0.00376 0.00376 733.653 140.000 102.711
S_strand_092 733.661 0.00000 0.00376 0.00376 733.664 140.000 102.713
S_strand_091 733.848 0.00000 0.00376 0.00376 733.851 140.000 102.739
S_strand_090 733.862 0.00000 0.00376 0.00376 733.865 140.000 102.741
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 4085.989
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 550.096 kNm MEd = 0.000 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

3.Shear Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4085.166 kN
VEd = -190.901 kN
MEd = 994.610 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -9.098 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 7.106 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.456 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.651 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 933.250 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4085.974 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -998.259 kNm : Moment of prestressing force

- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid


s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.109 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 73.794 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 767.605 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 841.400 kN > VEd = -190.901 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm S
l,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 95.451 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6527.444 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, M Rd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.477 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -190.901 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.477 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, fctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd) and design strength(fcd)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

Minimum Shear Force


1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4114.785 kN
VEd = -190.901 kN
MEd = 994.610 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -9.254 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 7.106 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.456 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.651 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 933.250 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4085.974 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -998.259 kNm : Moment of prestressing force
- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid
s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.109 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 73.794 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm 4
: Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 767.605 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 841.400 kN > VEd = -190.901 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm Sl,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 95.451 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6527.444 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, MRd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.477 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -190.901 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.477 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, f ctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd
) and design strength(f cd
)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

4.Torsional Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4085.166 kN
VEd = -190.901 kN
TEd = -0.044 kNm
MEd = 994.610 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.113 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1693.479 kN

Minimum Shear Force


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4114.785 kN
VEd = -190.901 kN
TEd = -0.044 kNm
MEd = 994.610 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.113 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1695.248 kN

Maximum Torsion Moment


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4114.785 kN
VEd = -190.901 kN
TEd = -0.044 kNm
MEd = 994.610 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.113 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1695.248 kN
Element Number 125
Position Information J

1.Design Condition
1.1 Design Parameters
- Partial factors for ultimate limit states (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 2.4.2.4)
Design Situations c for concrete s for reinforcing steel s for prestressing steel
Persistent & Transient 1.500 1.150 1.150
Accidental 1.200 1.000 1.000

- factor cc, ct : Coefficient for long term effects on Compression and Tensile Strength.
cc = 0.850 (for the Compressive strength)
ct = 1.000 (for the Tensile strength)

1.2 Sectional Information


Section Equvlnt sect(tdn, reinfmnt) Equvlnt sect (After Comp)
Information (Girder) (Girder + Slab)
A (mm2) 561456.288 910400.591
Iy (mm4) 130051866715.267 234616258403.120
yst (mm) - 584.968
ysb (mm) - 384.968
yt (mm) 777.185 434.968
yb (mm) 522.815 865.032
Zst (mm3) - 401075691.944
Zsb (mm3) - 609444271.983
Zt (mm3) 68188257.081 539387977.598
Zb (mm3) 36139776.253 271222488.847

1.3 Material Information


Girder (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)
- Concrete Material Information
fck(g) = 40.000 MPa
Ec(g) = 35220.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 48.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 3.509 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.456 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(g) = 500.000 MPa , Es(g) = 200000.000 MPa

Slab (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)


- Concrete Material Information
fck(s) = 30.000 MPa
Ec(s) = 32836.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 38.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 2.896 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.028 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(s) = 500.000 MPa , Es(s) = 200000.000 MPa

1.4 Tendon Profile Information


Location Area Strength (MPa) Ep
Type Tendon Name
(mm) (mm2) fpk fp0.1k (MPa)
1 S_strand_109 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
2 S_strand_108 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
3 S_strand_107 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
4 S_strand_106 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
5 S_strand_105 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
6 S_strand_104 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
7 S_strand_103 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
8 S_strand_102 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
9 S_strand_101 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
10 S_strand_100 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
11 S_strand_117 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
12 S_strand_116 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
13 S_strand_115 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
14 S_strand_114 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
15 S_strand_113 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
16 S_strand_112 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
17 S_strand_111 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
18 S_strand_110 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
19 S_strand_079 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
20 S_strand_089 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
21 S_strand_088 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
22 S_strand_087 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
23 S_strand_086 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
24 S_strand_085 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
25 S_strand_084 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
26 S_strand_083 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
27 S_strand_082 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
28 S_strand_081 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
29 S_strand_080 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
30 S_strand_099 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
31 S_strand_098 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
32 S_strand_097 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
33 S_strand_096 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
34 S_strand_095 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
35 S_strand_094 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
36 S_strand_093 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
37 S_strand_092 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
38 S_strand_091 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
39 S_strand_090 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000

2.Ultimate Moment Resistance


Positive Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 1171.045 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 10318.072 0.000 0.000 6500.094 1.58737
2 362.500 7798.699 0.000 0.000 7449.624 1.04686
3 181.250 4930.000 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.66178
4 271.875 7083.013 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.95079
5 317.188 7445.148 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.99940
- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 960.498 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 7449.624 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 253.750 mm
x = 317.188 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 42374.928 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 381450.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 745.359 0.00962 0.00382 0.01344 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_108 745.282 0.00962 0.00382 0.01344 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_107 745.243 0.00962 0.00382 0.01344 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_106 745.241 0.00962 0.00382 0.01344 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_105 745.278 0.00962 0.00382 0.01344 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_104 745.354 0.00962 0.00382 0.01344 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_103 745.467 0.00962 0.00382 0.01344 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_102 745.618 0.00962 0.00382 0.01344 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_101 740.982 0.00962 0.00380 0.01342 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_100 740.981 0.00962 0.00380 0.01342 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_117 831.712 0.00962 0.00427 0.01388 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_116 831.717 0.00962 0.00427 0.01388 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_115 831.707 0.00962 0.00427 0.01388 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_114 831.714 0.00962 0.00427 0.01388 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_113 807.431 0.00962 0.00414 0.01376 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_112 807.430 0.00962 0.00414 0.01376 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_111 745.628 0.00962 0.00382 0.01344 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_110 745.475 0.00962 0.00382 0.01344 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_079 737.344 0.00962 0.00378 0.01340 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_089 736.714 0.00962 0.00378 0.01340 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_088 736.763 0.00962 0.00378 0.01340 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_087 736.760 0.00962 0.00378 0.01340 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_086 736.849 0.00962 0.00378 0.01340 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_085 736.843 0.00962 0.00378 0.01340 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_084 736.976 0.00962 0.00378 0.01340 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_083 736.968 0.00962 0.00378 0.01340 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_082 737.146 0.00962 0.00378 0.01340 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_081 737.135 0.00962 0.00378 0.01340 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_080 737.356 0.00962 0.00378 0.01340 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_099 741.023 0.00962 0.00380 0.01342 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_098 741.020 0.00962 0.00380 0.01342 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_097 741.105 0.00962 0.00380 0.01342 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_096 741.099 0.00962 0.00380 0.01342 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_095 741.227 0.00962 0.00380 0.01342 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_094 741.218 0.00962 0.00380 0.01342 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_093 741.388 0.00962 0.00380 0.01342 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_092 741.377 0.00962 0.00380 0.01342 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_091 741.588 0.00962 0.00380 0.01342 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_090 741.576 0.00962 0.00380 0.01342 1364.400 140.000 191.016
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 7449.624
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 8034.734 kNm MEd = 1171.045 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

Negative Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 0.000 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 6361.491 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
2 362.500 4608.047 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
3 181.250 2441.613 0.000 0.000 5756.939 0.42412
4 271.875 3651.452 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
5 226.563 3051.451 0.000 0.000 4683.380 0.65155
6 249.219 3355.739 0.000 0.000 4292.994 0.78168
7 260.547 3506.319 0.000 0.000 4123.262 0.85037
8 266.211 3579.596 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
9 263.379 3543.135 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
10 261.963 3524.771 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
11 261.255 3515.556 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
12 260.901 3510.940 0.000 0.000 4118.195 0.85254
13 261.078 3513.249 0.000 0.000 4115.667 0.85363
14 261.166 3514.402 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
15 261.122 3513.826 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
16 261.100 3513.537 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
17 261.089 3513.393 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
18 261.083 3513.321 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
19 261.081 3513.285 0.000 0.000 4115.627 0.85364
20 261.082 3513.303 0.000 0.000 4115.608 0.85365

- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 3513.303 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 0.000 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 4115.608 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 208.866 mm
x = 261.082 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 154998.652 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 0.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 745.359 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 745.362 140.000 104.351
S_strand_108 745.282 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 745.285 140.000 104.340
S_strand_107 745.243 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 745.245 140.000 104.334
S_strand_106 745.241 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 745.244 140.000 104.334
S_strand_105 745.278 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 745.281 140.000 104.339
S_strand_104 745.354 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 745.356 140.000 104.350
S_strand_103 745.467 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 745.469 140.000 104.366
S_strand_102 745.618 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 745.620 140.000 104.387
S_strand_101 740.982 0.00000 0.00380 0.00380 740.985 140.000 103.738
S_strand_100 740.981 0.00000 0.00380 0.00380 740.983 140.000 103.738
S_strand_117 831.712 0.00000 0.00427 0.00427 831.715 140.000 116.440
S_strand_116 831.717 0.00000 0.00427 0.00427 831.720 140.000 116.441
S_strand_115 831.707 0.00000 0.00427 0.00427 831.709 140.000 116.439
S_strand_114 831.714 0.00000 0.00427 0.00427 831.717 140.000 116.440
S_strand_113 807.431 0.00000 0.00414 0.00414 807.434 140.000 113.041
S_strand_112 807.430 0.00000 0.00414 0.00414 807.432 140.000 113.041
S_strand_111 745.628 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 745.631 140.000 104.388
S_strand_110 745.475 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 745.478 140.000 104.367
S_strand_079 737.344 0.00000 0.00378 0.00378 737.346 140.000 103.228
S_strand_089 736.714 0.00000 0.00378 0.00378 736.716 140.000 103.140
S_strand_088 736.763 0.00000 0.00378 0.00378 736.766 140.000 103.147
S_strand_087 736.760 0.00000 0.00378 0.00378 736.762 140.000 103.147
S_strand_086 736.849 0.00000 0.00378 0.00378 736.851 140.000 103.159
S_strand_085 736.843 0.00000 0.00378 0.00378 736.846 140.000 103.158
S_strand_084 736.976 0.00000 0.00378 0.00378 736.979 140.000 103.177
S_strand_083 736.968 0.00000 0.00378 0.00378 736.971 140.000 103.176
S_strand_082 737.146 0.00000 0.00378 0.00378 737.148 140.000 103.201
S_strand_081 737.135 0.00000 0.00378 0.00378 737.138 140.000 103.199
S_strand_080 737.356 0.00000 0.00378 0.00378 737.359 140.000 103.230
S_strand_099 741.023 0.00000 0.00380 0.00380 741.026 140.000 103.744
S_strand_098 741.020 0.00000 0.00380 0.00380 741.023 140.000 103.743
S_strand_097 741.105 0.00000 0.00380 0.00380 741.108 140.000 103.755
S_strand_096 741.099 0.00000 0.00380 0.00380 741.102 140.000 103.754
S_strand_095 741.227 0.00000 0.00380 0.00380 741.229 140.000 103.772
S_strand_094 741.218 0.00000 0.00380 0.00380 741.221 140.000 103.771
S_strand_093 741.388 0.00000 0.00380 0.00380 741.390 140.000 103.795
S_strand_092 741.377 0.00000 0.00380 0.00380 741.380 140.000 103.793
S_strand_091 741.588 0.00000 0.00380 0.00380 741.591 140.000 103.823
S_strand_090 741.576 0.00000 0.00380 0.00380 741.578 140.000 103.821
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 4115.608
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 550.096 kNm MEd = 0.000 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

3.Shear Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4085.166 kN
VEd = -161.968 kN
MEd = 1171.045 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -8.335 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 6.952 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.298 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.654 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 873.152 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4115.593 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -1017.031 kNm : Moment of prestressing force

- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid


s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.089 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 60.377 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 764.704 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 825.081 kN > VEd = -161.968 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm S
l,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 80.984 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6363.857 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, M Rd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.405 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -161.968 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.405 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, fctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd) and design strength(fcd)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

Minimum Shear Force


1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4114.785 kN
VEd = -161.968 kN
MEd = 1171.045 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -8.491 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 6.952 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.298 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.654 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 873.152 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4115.593 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -1017.031 kNm : Moment of prestressing force
- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid
s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.089 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 60.377 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm 4
: Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 764.704 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 825.081 kN > VEd = -161.968 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm Sl,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 80.984 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6363.857 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, MRd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.405 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -161.968 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.405 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, f ctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd
) and design strength(f cd
)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

4.Torsional Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4085.166 kN
VEd = -161.968 kN
TEd = -0.044 kNm
MEd = 1171.045 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.096 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1693.479 kN

Minimum Shear Force


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4114.785 kN
VEd = -161.968 kN
TEd = -0.044 kNm
MEd = 1171.045 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.096 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1695.248 kN

Maximum Torsion Moment


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4114.785 kN
VEd = -161.968 kN
TEd = -0.044 kNm
MEd = 1171.045 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.096 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1695.248 kN
Element Number 126
Position Information I

1.Design Condition
1.1 Design Parameters
- Partial factors for ultimate limit states (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 2.4.2.4)
Design Situations c for concrete s for reinforcing steel s for prestressing steel
Persistent & Transient 1.500 1.150 1.150
Accidental 1.200 1.000 1.000

- factor cc, ct : Coefficient for long term effects on Compression and Tensile Strength.
cc = 0.850 (for the Compressive strength)
ct = 1.000 (for the Tensile strength)

1.2 Sectional Information


Section Equvlnt sect(tdn, reinfmnt) Equvlnt sect (After Comp)
Information (Girder) (Girder + Slab)
A (mm2) 561456.288 910400.591
Iy (mm4) 130051866715.267 234616258403.120
yst (mm) - 584.968
ysb (mm) - 384.968
yt (mm) 777.185 434.968
yb (mm) 522.815 865.032
Zst (mm3) - 401075691.944
Zsb (mm3) - 609444271.983
Zt (mm3) 68188257.081 539387977.598
Zb (mm3) 36139776.253 271222488.847

1.3 Material Information


Girder (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)
- Concrete Material Information
fck(g) = 40.000 MPa
Ec(g) = 35220.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 48.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 3.509 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.456 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(g) = 500.000 MPa , Es(g) = 200000.000 MPa

Slab (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)


- Concrete Material Information
fck(s) = 30.000 MPa
Ec(s) = 32836.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 38.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 2.896 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.028 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(s) = 500.000 MPa , Es(s) = 200000.000 MPa

1.4 Tendon Profile Information


Location Area Strength (MPa) Ep
Type Tendon Name
(mm) (mm2) fpk fp0.1k (MPa)
1 S_strand_109 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
2 S_strand_108 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
3 S_strand_107 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
4 S_strand_106 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
5 S_strand_105 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
6 S_strand_104 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
7 S_strand_103 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
8 S_strand_102 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
9 S_strand_101 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
10 S_strand_100 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
11 S_strand_117 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
12 S_strand_116 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
13 S_strand_115 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
14 S_strand_114 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
15 S_strand_113 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
16 S_strand_112 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
17 S_strand_111 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
18 S_strand_110 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
19 S_strand_079 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
20 S_strand_089 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
21 S_strand_088 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
22 S_strand_087 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
23 S_strand_086 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
24 S_strand_085 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
25 S_strand_084 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
26 S_strand_083 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
27 S_strand_082 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
28 S_strand_081 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
29 S_strand_080 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
30 S_strand_099 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
31 S_strand_098 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
32 S_strand_097 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
33 S_strand_096 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
34 S_strand_095 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
35 S_strand_094 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
36 S_strand_093 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
37 S_strand_092 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
38 S_strand_091 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
39 S_strand_090 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000

2.Ultimate Moment Resistance


Positive Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 1170.936 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 10318.072 0.000 0.000 6500.093 1.58737
2 362.500 7798.699 0.000 0.000 7449.624 1.04686
3 181.250 4930.000 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.66178
4 271.875 7083.013 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.95079
5 317.188 7445.148 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.99940
- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 960.498 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 7449.624 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 253.750 mm
x = 317.188 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 42374.928 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 381450.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 745.353 0.00962 0.00382 0.01344 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_108 745.278 0.00962 0.00382 0.01344 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_107 745.241 0.00962 0.00382 0.01344 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_106 745.242 0.00962 0.00382 0.01344 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_105 745.281 0.00962 0.00382 0.01344 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_104 745.359 0.00962 0.00382 0.01344 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_103 745.474 0.00962 0.00382 0.01344 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_102 745.628 0.00962 0.00382 0.01344 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_101 740.980 0.00962 0.00380 0.01342 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_100 740.981 0.00962 0.00380 0.01342 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_117 831.711 0.00962 0.00427 0.01388 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_116 831.719 0.00962 0.00427 0.01388 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_115 831.717 0.00962 0.00427 0.01388 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_114 831.722 0.00962 0.00427 0.01388 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_113 807.432 0.00962 0.00414 0.01376 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_112 807.434 0.00962 0.00414 0.01376 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_111 745.617 0.00962 0.00382 0.01344 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_110 745.466 0.00962 0.00382 0.01344 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_079 737.355 0.00962 0.00378 0.01340 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_089 736.713 0.00962 0.00378 0.01340 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_088 736.758 0.00962 0.00378 0.01340 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_087 736.762 0.00962 0.00378 0.01340 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_086 736.842 0.00962 0.00378 0.01340 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_085 736.848 0.00962 0.00378 0.01340 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_084 736.967 0.00962 0.00378 0.01340 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_083 736.975 0.00962 0.00378 0.01340 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_082 737.134 0.00962 0.00378 0.01340 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_081 737.145 0.00962 0.00378 0.01340 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_080 737.342 0.00962 0.00378 0.01340 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_099 741.019 0.00962 0.00380 0.01342 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_098 741.022 0.00962 0.00380 0.01342 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_097 741.098 0.00962 0.00380 0.01342 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_096 741.104 0.00962 0.00380 0.01342 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_095 741.217 0.00962 0.00380 0.01342 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_094 741.226 0.00962 0.00380 0.01342 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_093 741.376 0.00962 0.00380 0.01342 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_092 741.387 0.00962 0.00380 0.01342 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_091 741.574 0.00962 0.00380 0.01342 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_090 741.588 0.00962 0.00380 0.01342 1364.400 140.000 191.016
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 7449.624
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 8034.734 kNm MEd = 1170.936 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

Negative Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 0.000 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 6361.491 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
2 362.500 4608.047 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
3 181.250 2441.613 0.000 0.000 5756.937 0.42412
4 271.875 3651.452 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
5 226.563 3051.451 0.000 0.000 4683.378 0.65155
6 249.219 3355.739 0.000 0.000 4292.993 0.78168
7 260.547 3506.319 0.000 0.000 4123.261 0.85038
8 266.211 3579.596 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
9 263.379 3543.135 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
10 261.963 3524.771 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
11 261.255 3515.556 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
12 260.901 3510.940 0.000 0.000 4118.194 0.85254
13 261.078 3513.249 0.000 0.000 4115.666 0.85363
14 261.166 3514.402 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
15 261.122 3513.826 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
16 261.100 3513.537 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
17 261.089 3513.393 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
18 261.083 3513.321 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
19 261.081 3513.285 0.000 0.000 4115.626 0.85365
20 261.082 3513.303 0.000 0.000 4115.607 0.85365

- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 3513.303 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 0.000 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 4115.607 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 208.866 mm
x = 261.082 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 154998.652 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 0.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 745.353 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 745.356 140.000 104.350
S_strand_108 745.278 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 745.280 140.000 104.339
S_strand_107 745.241 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 745.243 140.000 104.334
S_strand_106 745.242 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 745.245 140.000 104.334
S_strand_105 745.281 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 745.284 140.000 104.340
S_strand_104 745.359 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 745.362 140.000 104.351
S_strand_103 745.474 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 745.477 140.000 104.367
S_strand_102 745.628 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 745.630 140.000 104.388
S_strand_101 740.980 0.00000 0.00380 0.00380 740.982 140.000 103.738
S_strand_100 740.981 0.00000 0.00380 0.00380 740.984 140.000 103.738
S_strand_117 831.711 0.00000 0.00427 0.00427 831.713 140.000 116.440
S_strand_116 831.719 0.00000 0.00427 0.00427 831.721 140.000 116.441
S_strand_115 831.717 0.00000 0.00427 0.00427 831.719 140.000 116.441
S_strand_114 831.722 0.00000 0.00427 0.00427 831.724 140.000 116.441
S_strand_113 807.432 0.00000 0.00414 0.00414 807.435 140.000 113.041
S_strand_112 807.434 0.00000 0.00414 0.00414 807.437 140.000 113.041
S_strand_111 745.617 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 745.619 140.000 104.387
S_strand_110 745.466 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 745.469 140.000 104.366
S_strand_079 737.355 0.00000 0.00378 0.00378 737.358 140.000 103.230
S_strand_089 736.713 0.00000 0.00378 0.00378 736.715 140.000 103.140
S_strand_088 736.758 0.00000 0.00378 0.00378 736.761 140.000 103.147
S_strand_087 736.762 0.00000 0.00378 0.00378 736.765 140.000 103.147
S_strand_086 736.842 0.00000 0.00378 0.00378 736.844 140.000 103.158
S_strand_085 736.848 0.00000 0.00378 0.00378 736.850 140.000 103.159
S_strand_084 736.967 0.00000 0.00378 0.00378 736.970 140.000 103.176
S_strand_083 736.975 0.00000 0.00378 0.00378 736.978 140.000 103.177
S_strand_082 737.134 0.00000 0.00378 0.00378 737.137 140.000 103.199
S_strand_081 737.145 0.00000 0.00378 0.00378 737.147 140.000 103.201
S_strand_080 737.342 0.00000 0.00378 0.00378 737.345 140.000 103.228
S_strand_099 741.019 0.00000 0.00380 0.00380 741.022 140.000 103.743
S_strand_098 741.022 0.00000 0.00380 0.00380 741.025 140.000 103.744
S_strand_097 741.098 0.00000 0.00380 0.00380 741.101 140.000 103.754
S_strand_096 741.104 0.00000 0.00380 0.00380 741.107 140.000 103.755
S_strand_095 741.217 0.00000 0.00380 0.00380 741.220 140.000 103.771
S_strand_094 741.226 0.00000 0.00380 0.00380 741.228 140.000 103.772
S_strand_093 741.376 0.00000 0.00380 0.00380 741.379 140.000 103.793
S_strand_092 741.387 0.00000 0.00380 0.00380 741.390 140.000 103.795
S_strand_091 741.574 0.00000 0.00380 0.00380 741.577 140.000 103.821
S_strand_090 741.588 0.00000 0.00380 0.00380 741.590 140.000 103.823
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 4115.607
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 550.096 kNm MEd = 0.000 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

3.Shear Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4114.560 kN
VEd = -161.976 kN
MEd = 1170.936 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -8.491 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 6.952 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.298 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.654 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 873.152 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4115.592 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -1017.027 kNm : Moment of prestressing force

- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid


s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.089 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 60.377 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 764.704 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 825.081 kN > VEd = -161.976 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm S
l,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 80.988 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6363.959 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, M Rd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.405 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -161.976 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.405 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, fctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd) and design strength(fcd)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

Minimum Shear Force


1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4138.956 kN
VEd = -161.976 kN
MEd = 1170.936 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -8.619 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 6.952 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.298 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.654 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 873.152 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4115.592 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -1017.027 kNm : Moment of prestressing force
- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid
s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.089 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 60.377 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm 4
: Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 764.704 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 825.081 kN > VEd = -161.976 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm Sl,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 80.988 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6363.959 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, MRd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.405 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -161.976 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.405 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, f ctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd
) and design strength(f cd
)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

4.Torsional Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4114.560 kN
VEd = -161.976 kN
TEd = -0.051 kNm
MEd = 1170.936 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.096 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1695.234 kN

Minimum Shear Force


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4138.956 kN
VEd = -161.976 kN
TEd = -0.051 kNm
MEd = 1170.936 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.096 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1696.691 kN

Maximum Torsion Moment


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4138.956 kN
VEd = -161.976 kN
TEd = -0.051 kNm
MEd = 1170.936 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.096 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1696.691 kN
Element Number 126
Position Information J

1.Design Condition
1.1 Design Parameters
- Partial factors for ultimate limit states (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 2.4.2.4)
Design Situations c for concrete s for reinforcing steel s for prestressing steel
Persistent & Transient 1.500 1.150 1.150
Accidental 1.200 1.000 1.000

- factor cc, ct : Coefficient for long term effects on Compression and Tensile Strength.
cc = 0.850 (for the Compressive strength)
ct = 1.000 (for the Tensile strength)

1.2 Sectional Information


Section Equvlnt sect(tdn, reinfmnt) Equvlnt sect (After Comp)
Information (Girder) (Girder + Slab)
A (mm2) 561456.288 910400.591
Iy (mm4) 130051866715.267 234616258403.120
yst (mm) - 584.968
ysb (mm) - 384.968
yt (mm) 777.185 434.968
yb (mm) 522.815 865.032
Zst (mm3) - 401075691.944
Zsb (mm3) - 609444271.983
Zt (mm3) 68188257.081 539387977.598
Zb (mm3) 36139776.253 271222488.847

1.3 Material Information


Girder (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)
- Concrete Material Information
fck(g) = 40.000 MPa
Ec(g) = 35220.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 48.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 3.509 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.456 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(g) = 500.000 MPa , Es(g) = 200000.000 MPa

Slab (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)


- Concrete Material Information
fck(s) = 30.000 MPa
Ec(s) = 32836.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 38.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 2.896 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.028 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(s) = 500.000 MPa , Es(s) = 200000.000 MPa

1.4 Tendon Profile Information


Location Area Strength (MPa) Ep
Type Tendon Name
(mm) (mm2) fpk fp0.1k (MPa)
1 S_strand_109 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
2 S_strand_108 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
3 S_strand_107 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
4 S_strand_106 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
5 S_strand_105 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
6 S_strand_104 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
7 S_strand_103 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
8 S_strand_102 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
9 S_strand_101 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
10 S_strand_100 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
11 S_strand_117 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
12 S_strand_116 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
13 S_strand_115 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
14 S_strand_114 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
15 S_strand_113 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
16 S_strand_112 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
17 S_strand_111 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
18 S_strand_110 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
19 S_strand_079 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
20 S_strand_089 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
21 S_strand_088 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
22 S_strand_087 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
23 S_strand_086 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
24 S_strand_085 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
25 S_strand_084 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
26 S_strand_083 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
27 S_strand_082 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
28 S_strand_081 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
29 S_strand_080 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
30 S_strand_099 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
31 S_strand_098 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
32 S_strand_097 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
33 S_strand_096 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
34 S_strand_095 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
35 S_strand_094 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
36 S_strand_093 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
37 S_strand_092 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
38 S_strand_091 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
39 S_strand_090 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000

2.Ultimate Moment Resistance


Positive Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 1318.444 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 10318.072 0.000 0.000 6524.489 1.58144
2 362.500 7798.699 0.000 0.000 7449.624 1.04686
3 181.250 4930.000 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.66178
4 271.875 7083.013 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.95079
5 317.188 7445.148 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.99940
- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 960.498 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 7449.624 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 253.750 mm
x = 317.188 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 42374.928 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 381450.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 751.082 0.00962 0.00385 0.01347 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_108 751.005 0.00962 0.00385 0.01347 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_107 750.965 0.00962 0.00385 0.01347 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_106 750.964 0.00962 0.00385 0.01347 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_105 751.001 0.00962 0.00385 0.01347 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_104 751.077 0.00962 0.00385 0.01347 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_103 751.190 0.00962 0.00385 0.01347 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_102 751.341 0.00962 0.00385 0.01347 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_101 747.326 0.00962 0.00383 0.01345 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_100 747.325 0.00962 0.00383 0.01345 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_117 824.516 0.00962 0.00423 0.01385 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_116 824.521 0.00962 0.00423 0.01385 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_115 824.510 0.00962 0.00423 0.01385 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_114 824.518 0.00962 0.00423 0.01385 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_113 803.962 0.00962 0.00412 0.01374 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_112 803.960 0.00962 0.00412 0.01374 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_111 751.351 0.00962 0.00385 0.01347 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_110 751.198 0.00962 0.00385 0.01347 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_079 744.309 0.00962 0.00382 0.01344 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_089 743.679 0.00962 0.00381 0.01343 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_088 743.728 0.00962 0.00381 0.01343 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_087 743.725 0.00962 0.00381 0.01343 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_086 743.814 0.00962 0.00381 0.01343 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_085 743.808 0.00962 0.00381 0.01343 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_084 743.941 0.00962 0.00382 0.01343 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_083 743.933 0.00962 0.00382 0.01343 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_082 744.111 0.00962 0.00382 0.01344 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_081 744.101 0.00962 0.00382 0.01343 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_080 744.321 0.00962 0.00382 0.01344 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_099 747.367 0.00962 0.00383 0.01345 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_098 747.364 0.00962 0.00383 0.01345 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_097 747.449 0.00962 0.00383 0.01345 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_096 747.443 0.00962 0.00383 0.01345 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_095 747.570 0.00962 0.00383 0.01345 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_094 747.563 0.00962 0.00383 0.01345 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_093 747.732 0.00962 0.00383 0.01345 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_092 747.721 0.00962 0.00383 0.01345 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_091 747.932 0.00962 0.00384 0.01345 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_090 747.920 0.00962 0.00384 0.01345 1364.400 140.000 191.016
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 7449.624
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 8034.734 kNm MEd = 1318.444 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

Negative Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 0.000 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 6361.491 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
2 362.500 4608.047 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
3 181.250 2441.613 0.000 0.000 5781.334 0.42233
4 271.875 3651.452 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
5 226.563 3051.451 0.000 0.000 4707.774 0.64817
6 249.219 3355.739 0.000 0.000 4317.389 0.77726
7 260.547 3506.319 0.000 0.000 4147.657 0.84537
8 266.211 3579.596 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
9 263.379 3543.135 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
10 261.963 3524.771 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
11 261.255 3515.556 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
12 260.901 3510.940 0.000 0.000 4142.590 0.84752
13 261.078 3513.249 0.000 0.000 4140.062 0.84860
14 261.166 3514.402 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
15 261.122 3513.826 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
16 261.100 3513.537 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
17 261.089 3513.393 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
18 261.083 3513.321 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
19 261.081 3513.285 0.000 0.000 4140.022 0.84861
20 261.082 3513.303 0.000 0.000 4140.003 0.84862

- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 3513.303 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 0.000 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 4140.003 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 208.866 mm
x = 261.082 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 154998.652 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 0.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 751.082 0.00000 0.00385 0.00385 751.085 140.000 105.152
S_strand_108 751.005 0.00000 0.00385 0.00385 751.007 140.000 105.141
S_strand_107 750.965 0.00000 0.00385 0.00385 750.968 140.000 105.136
S_strand_106 750.964 0.00000 0.00385 0.00385 750.967 140.000 105.135
S_strand_105 751.001 0.00000 0.00385 0.00385 751.004 140.000 105.141
S_strand_104 751.077 0.00000 0.00385 0.00385 751.079 140.000 105.151
S_strand_103 751.190 0.00000 0.00385 0.00385 751.193 140.000 105.167
S_strand_102 751.341 0.00000 0.00385 0.00385 751.343 140.000 105.188
S_strand_101 747.326 0.00000 0.00383 0.00383 747.329 140.000 104.626
S_strand_100 747.325 0.00000 0.00383 0.00383 747.328 140.000 104.626
S_strand_117 824.516 0.00000 0.00423 0.00423 824.519 140.000 115.433
S_strand_116 824.521 0.00000 0.00423 0.00423 824.524 140.000 115.433
S_strand_115 824.510 0.00000 0.00423 0.00423 824.513 140.000 115.432
S_strand_114 824.518 0.00000 0.00423 0.00423 824.521 140.000 115.433
S_strand_113 803.962 0.00000 0.00412 0.00412 803.964 140.000 112.555
S_strand_112 803.960 0.00000 0.00412 0.00412 803.963 140.000 112.555
S_strand_111 751.351 0.00000 0.00385 0.00385 751.354 140.000 105.189
S_strand_110 751.198 0.00000 0.00385 0.00385 751.200 140.000 105.168
S_strand_079 744.309 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 744.312 140.000 104.204
S_strand_089 743.679 0.00000 0.00381 0.00381 743.682 140.000 104.115
S_strand_088 743.728 0.00000 0.00381 0.00381 743.731 140.000 104.122
S_strand_087 743.725 0.00000 0.00381 0.00381 743.727 140.000 104.122
S_strand_086 743.814 0.00000 0.00381 0.00381 743.816 140.000 104.134
S_strand_085 743.808 0.00000 0.00381 0.00381 743.811 140.000 104.134
S_strand_084 743.941 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 743.944 140.000 104.152
S_strand_083 743.933 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 743.936 140.000 104.151
S_strand_082 744.111 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 744.113 140.000 104.176
S_strand_081 744.101 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 744.103 140.000 104.174
S_strand_080 744.321 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 744.324 140.000 104.205
S_strand_099 747.367 0.00000 0.00383 0.00383 747.370 140.000 104.632
S_strand_098 747.364 0.00000 0.00383 0.00383 747.367 140.000 104.631
S_strand_097 747.449 0.00000 0.00383 0.00383 747.452 140.000 104.643
S_strand_096 747.443 0.00000 0.00383 0.00383 747.446 140.000 104.642
S_strand_095 747.570 0.00000 0.00383 0.00383 747.573 140.000 104.660
S_strand_094 747.563 0.00000 0.00383 0.00383 747.565 140.000 104.659
S_strand_093 747.732 0.00000 0.00383 0.00383 747.734 140.000 104.683
S_strand_092 747.721 0.00000 0.00383 0.00383 747.724 140.000 104.681
S_strand_091 747.932 0.00000 0.00384 0.00384 747.935 140.000 104.711
S_strand_090 747.920 0.00000 0.00384 0.00384 747.922 140.000 104.709
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 4140.003
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 550.096 kNm MEd = 0.000 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

3.Shear Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4114.560 kN
VEd = -133.042 kN
MEd = 1318.444 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -7.857 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 6.828 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.171 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.657 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 825.073 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4139.988 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -1032.396 kNm : Moment of prestressing force

- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid


s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.069 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 46.960 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 763.177 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 810.137 kN > VEd = -133.042 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm S
l,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 66.521 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6227.192 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, M Rd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.332 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -133.042 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.332 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, fctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd) and design strength(fcd)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

Minimum Shear Force


1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4138.956 kN
VEd = -133.042 kN
MEd = 1318.444 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -7.985 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 6.828 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.171 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.657 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 825.073 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4139.988 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -1032.396 kNm : Moment of prestressing force
- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid
s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.069 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 46.960 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm 4
: Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 763.177 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 810.137 kN > VEd = -133.042 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm Sl,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 66.521 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6227.192 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, MRd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.332 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -133.042 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.332 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, f ctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd
) and design strength(f cd
)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

4.Torsional Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4114.560 kN
VEd = -133.042 kN
TEd = -0.051 kNm
MEd = 1318.444 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.079 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1695.234 kN

Minimum Shear Force


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4138.956 kN
VEd = -133.042 kN
TEd = -0.051 kNm
MEd = 1318.444 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.078 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1696.691 kN

Maximum Torsion Moment


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4138.956 kN
VEd = -133.042 kN
TEd = -0.051 kNm
MEd = 1318.444 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.078 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1696.691 kN
Element Number 127
Position Information I

1.Design Condition
1.1 Design Parameters
- Partial factors for ultimate limit states (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 2.4.2.4)
Design Situations c for concrete s for reinforcing steel s for prestressing steel
Persistent & Transient 1.500 1.150 1.150
Accidental 1.200 1.000 1.000

- factor cc, ct : Coefficient for long term effects on Compression and Tensile Strength.
cc = 0.850 (for the Compressive strength)
ct = 1.000 (for the Tensile strength)

1.2 Sectional Information


Section Equvlnt sect(tdn, reinfmnt) Equvlnt sect (After Comp)
Information (Girder) (Girder + Slab)
A (mm2) 561456.288 910400.591
Iy (mm4) 130051866715.267 234616258403.120
yst (mm) - 584.968
ysb (mm) - 384.968
yt (mm) 777.185 434.968
yb (mm) 522.815 865.032
Zst (mm3) - 401075691.944
Zsb (mm3) - 609444271.983
Zt (mm3) 68188257.081 539387977.598
Zb (mm3) 36139776.253 271222488.847

1.3 Material Information


Girder (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)
- Concrete Material Information
fck(g) = 40.000 MPa
Ec(g) = 35220.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 48.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 3.509 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.456 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(g) = 500.000 MPa , Es(g) = 200000.000 MPa

Slab (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)


- Concrete Material Information
fck(s) = 30.000 MPa
Ec(s) = 32836.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 38.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 2.896 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.028 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(s) = 500.000 MPa , Es(s) = 200000.000 MPa

1.4 Tendon Profile Information


Location Area Strength (MPa) Ep
Type Tendon Name
(mm) (mm2) fpk fp0.1k (MPa)
1 S_strand_109 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
2 S_strand_108 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
3 S_strand_107 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
4 S_strand_106 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
5 S_strand_105 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
6 S_strand_104 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
7 S_strand_103 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
8 S_strand_102 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
9 S_strand_101 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
10 S_strand_100 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
11 S_strand_117 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
12 S_strand_116 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
13 S_strand_115 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
14 S_strand_114 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
15 S_strand_113 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
16 S_strand_112 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
17 S_strand_111 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
18 S_strand_110 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
19 S_strand_079 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
20 S_strand_089 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
21 S_strand_088 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
22 S_strand_087 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
23 S_strand_086 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
24 S_strand_085 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
25 S_strand_084 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
26 S_strand_083 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
27 S_strand_082 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
28 S_strand_081 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
29 S_strand_080 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
30 S_strand_099 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
31 S_strand_098 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
32 S_strand_097 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
33 S_strand_096 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
34 S_strand_095 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
35 S_strand_094 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
36 S_strand_093 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
37 S_strand_092 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
38 S_strand_091 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
39 S_strand_090 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000

2.Ultimate Moment Resistance


Positive Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 1318.329 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 10318.072 0.000 0.000 6524.488 1.58144
2 362.500 7798.699 0.000 0.000 7449.624 1.04686
3 181.250 4930.000 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.66178
4 271.875 7083.013 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.95079
5 317.188 7445.148 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.99940
- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 960.498 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 7449.624 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 253.750 mm
x = 317.188 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 42374.928 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 381450.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 751.076 0.00962 0.00385 0.01347 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_108 751.001 0.00962 0.00385 0.01347 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_107 750.964 0.00962 0.00385 0.01347 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_106 750.965 0.00962 0.00385 0.01347 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_105 751.004 0.00962 0.00385 0.01347 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_104 751.082 0.00962 0.00385 0.01347 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_103 751.197 0.00962 0.00385 0.01347 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_102 751.350 0.00962 0.00385 0.01347 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_101 747.324 0.00962 0.00383 0.01345 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_100 747.325 0.00962 0.00383 0.01345 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_117 824.515 0.00962 0.00423 0.01385 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_116 824.523 0.00962 0.00423 0.01385 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_115 824.521 0.00962 0.00423 0.01385 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_114 824.526 0.00962 0.00423 0.01385 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_113 803.963 0.00962 0.00412 0.01374 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_112 803.965 0.00962 0.00412 0.01374 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_111 751.340 0.00962 0.00385 0.01347 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_110 751.189 0.00962 0.00385 0.01347 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_079 744.320 0.00962 0.00382 0.01344 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_089 743.678 0.00962 0.00381 0.01343 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_088 743.723 0.00962 0.00381 0.01343 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_087 743.727 0.00962 0.00381 0.01343 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_086 743.807 0.00962 0.00381 0.01343 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_085 743.813 0.00962 0.00381 0.01343 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_084 743.932 0.00962 0.00382 0.01343 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_083 743.940 0.00962 0.00382 0.01343 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_082 744.099 0.00962 0.00382 0.01343 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_081 744.110 0.00962 0.00382 0.01344 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_080 744.307 0.00962 0.00382 0.01344 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_099 747.363 0.00962 0.00383 0.01345 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_098 747.366 0.00962 0.00383 0.01345 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_097 747.442 0.00962 0.00383 0.01345 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_096 747.448 0.00962 0.00383 0.01345 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_095 747.561 0.00962 0.00383 0.01345 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_094 747.570 0.00962 0.00383 0.01345 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_093 747.720 0.00962 0.00383 0.01345 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_092 747.731 0.00962 0.00383 0.01345 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_091 747.919 0.00962 0.00384 0.01345 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_090 747.931 0.00962 0.00384 0.01345 1364.400 140.000 191.016
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 7449.624
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 8034.734 kNm MEd = 1318.329 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

Negative Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 0.000 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 6361.491 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
2 362.500 4608.047 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
3 181.250 2441.613 0.000 0.000 5781.332 0.42233
4 271.875 3651.452 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
5 226.563 3051.451 0.000 0.000 4707.773 0.64817
6 249.219 3355.739 0.000 0.000 4317.388 0.77726
7 260.547 3506.319 0.000 0.000 4147.656 0.84537
8 266.211 3579.596 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
9 263.379 3543.135 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
10 261.963 3524.771 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
11 261.255 3515.556 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
12 260.901 3510.940 0.000 0.000 4142.589 0.84752
13 261.078 3513.249 0.000 0.000 4140.061 0.84860
14 261.166 3514.402 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
15 261.122 3513.826 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
16 261.100 3513.537 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
17 261.089 3513.393 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
18 261.083 3513.321 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
19 261.081 3513.285 0.000 0.000 4140.021 0.84862
20 261.082 3513.303 0.000 0.000 4140.001 0.84862

- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 3513.303 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 0.000 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 4140.001 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 208.866 mm
x = 261.082 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 154998.652 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 0.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 751.076 0.00000 0.00385 0.00385 751.078 140.000 105.151
S_strand_108 751.001 0.00000 0.00385 0.00385 751.003 140.000 105.140
S_strand_107 750.964 0.00000 0.00385 0.00385 750.966 140.000 105.135
S_strand_106 750.965 0.00000 0.00385 0.00385 750.967 140.000 105.135
S_strand_105 751.004 0.00000 0.00385 0.00385 751.007 140.000 105.141
S_strand_104 751.082 0.00000 0.00385 0.00385 751.084 140.000 105.152
S_strand_103 751.197 0.00000 0.00385 0.00385 751.200 140.000 105.168
S_strand_102 751.350 0.00000 0.00385 0.00385 751.353 140.000 105.189
S_strand_101 747.324 0.00000 0.00383 0.00383 747.326 140.000 104.626
S_strand_100 747.325 0.00000 0.00383 0.00383 747.328 140.000 104.626
S_strand_117 824.515 0.00000 0.00423 0.00423 824.517 140.000 115.432
S_strand_116 824.523 0.00000 0.00423 0.00423 824.525 140.000 115.434
S_strand_115 824.521 0.00000 0.00423 0.00423 824.523 140.000 115.433
S_strand_114 824.526 0.00000 0.00423 0.00423 824.528 140.000 115.434
S_strand_113 803.963 0.00000 0.00412 0.00412 803.966 140.000 112.555
S_strand_112 803.965 0.00000 0.00412 0.00412 803.967 140.000 112.555
S_strand_111 751.340 0.00000 0.00385 0.00385 751.342 140.000 105.188
S_strand_110 751.189 0.00000 0.00385 0.00385 751.192 140.000 105.167
S_strand_079 744.320 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 744.323 140.000 104.205
S_strand_089 743.678 0.00000 0.00381 0.00381 743.680 140.000 104.115
S_strand_088 743.723 0.00000 0.00381 0.00381 743.726 140.000 104.122
S_strand_087 743.727 0.00000 0.00381 0.00381 743.730 140.000 104.122
S_strand_086 743.807 0.00000 0.00381 0.00381 743.809 140.000 104.133
S_strand_085 743.813 0.00000 0.00381 0.00381 743.815 140.000 104.134
S_strand_084 743.932 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 743.935 140.000 104.151
S_strand_083 743.940 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 743.943 140.000 104.152
S_strand_082 744.099 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 744.102 140.000 104.174
S_strand_081 744.110 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 744.112 140.000 104.176
S_strand_080 744.307 0.00000 0.00382 0.00382 744.310 140.000 104.203
S_strand_099 747.363 0.00000 0.00383 0.00383 747.366 140.000 104.631
S_strand_098 747.366 0.00000 0.00383 0.00383 747.369 140.000 104.632
S_strand_097 747.442 0.00000 0.00383 0.00383 747.445 140.000 104.642
S_strand_096 747.448 0.00000 0.00383 0.00383 747.451 140.000 104.643
S_strand_095 747.561 0.00000 0.00383 0.00383 747.564 140.000 104.659
S_strand_094 747.570 0.00000 0.00383 0.00383 747.572 140.000 104.660
S_strand_093 747.720 0.00000 0.00383 0.00383 747.723 140.000 104.681
S_strand_092 747.731 0.00000 0.00383 0.00383 747.734 140.000 104.683
S_strand_091 747.919 0.00000 0.00384 0.00384 747.921 140.000 104.709
S_strand_090 747.931 0.00000 0.00384 0.00384 747.934 140.000 104.711
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 4140.001
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 550.096 kNm MEd = 0.000 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

3.Shear Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4138.718 kN
VEd = -133.049 kN
MEd = 1318.329 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -7.985 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 6.828 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.171 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.657 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 825.073 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4139.987 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -1032.392 kNm : Moment of prestressing force

- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid


s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.069 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 46.960 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 763.177 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 810.137 kN > VEd = -133.049 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm S
l,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 66.525 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6227.299 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, M Rd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.333 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -133.049 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.333 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, fctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd) and design strength(fcd)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

Minimum Shear Force


1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4157.891 kN
VEd = -133.049 kN
MEd = 1318.329 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -8.084 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 6.828 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.171 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.657 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 825.073 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4139.987 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -1032.392 kNm : Moment of prestressing force
- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid
s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.069 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 46.960 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm 4
: Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 763.177 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 810.137 kN > VEd = -133.049 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm Sl,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 66.525 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6227.299 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, MRd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.333 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -133.049 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.333 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, f ctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd
) and design strength(f cd
)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

4.Torsional Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4138.718 kN
VEd = -133.049 kN
TEd = -0.047 kNm
MEd = 1318.329 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.078 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1696.677 kN

Minimum Shear Force


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4157.891 kN
VEd = -133.049 kN
TEd = -0.047 kNm
MEd = 1318.329 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.078 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1697.822 kN

Maximum Torsion Moment


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4157.891 kN
VEd = -133.049 kN
TEd = -0.047 kNm
MEd = 1318.329 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.078 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1697.822 kN
Element Number 127
Position Information J

1.Design Condition
1.1 Design Parameters
- Partial factors for ultimate limit states (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 2.4.2.4)
Design Situations c for concrete s for reinforcing steel s for prestressing steel
Persistent & Transient 1.500 1.150 1.150
Accidental 1.200 1.000 1.000

- factor cc, ct : Coefficient for long term effects on Compression and Tensile Strength.
cc = 0.850 (for the Compressive strength)
ct = 1.000 (for the Tensile strength)

1.2 Sectional Information


Section Equvlnt sect(tdn, reinfmnt) Equvlnt sect (After Comp)
Information (Girder) (Girder + Slab)
A (mm2) 561456.288 910400.591
Iy (mm4) 130051866715.267 234616258403.120
yst (mm) - 584.968
ysb (mm) - 384.968
yt (mm) 777.185 434.968
yb (mm) 522.815 865.032
Zst (mm3) - 401075691.944
Zsb (mm3) - 609444271.983
Zt (mm3) 68188257.081 539387977.598
Zb (mm3) 36139776.253 271222488.847

1.3 Material Information


Girder (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)
- Concrete Material Information
fck(g) = 40.000 MPa
Ec(g) = 35220.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 48.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 3.509 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.456 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(g) = 500.000 MPa , Es(g) = 200000.000 MPa

Slab (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)


- Concrete Material Information
fck(s) = 30.000 MPa
Ec(s) = 32836.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 38.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 2.896 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.028 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(s) = 500.000 MPa , Es(s) = 200000.000 MPa

1.4 Tendon Profile Information


Location Area Strength (MPa) Ep
Type Tendon Name
(mm) (mm2) fpk fp0.1k (MPa)
1 S_strand_109 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
2 S_strand_108 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
3 S_strand_107 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
4 S_strand_106 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
5 S_strand_105 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
6 S_strand_104 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
7 S_strand_103 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
8 S_strand_102 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
9 S_strand_101 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
10 S_strand_100 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
11 S_strand_117 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
12 S_strand_116 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
13 S_strand_115 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
14 S_strand_114 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
15 S_strand_113 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
16 S_strand_112 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
17 S_strand_111 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
18 S_strand_110 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
19 S_strand_079 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
20 S_strand_089 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
21 S_strand_088 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
22 S_strand_087 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
23 S_strand_086 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
24 S_strand_085 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
25 S_strand_084 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
26 S_strand_083 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
27 S_strand_082 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
28 S_strand_081 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
29 S_strand_080 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
30 S_strand_099 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
31 S_strand_098 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
32 S_strand_097 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
33 S_strand_096 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
34 S_strand_095 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
35 S_strand_094 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
36 S_strand_093 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
37 S_strand_092 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
38 S_strand_091 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
39 S_strand_090 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000

2.Ultimate Moment Resistance


Positive Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 1436.912 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 10318.072 0.000 0.000 6543.661 1.57680
2 362.500 7798.699 0.000 0.000 7449.624 1.04686
3 181.250 4930.000 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.66178
4 271.875 7083.013 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.95079
5 317.188 7445.148 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.99940
- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 960.498 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 7449.624 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 253.750 mm
x = 317.188 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 42374.928 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 381450.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 755.564 0.00962 0.00387 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_108 755.487 0.00962 0.00387 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_107 755.447 0.00962 0.00387 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_106 755.446 0.00962 0.00387 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_105 755.483 0.00962 0.00387 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_104 755.559 0.00962 0.00387 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_103 755.672 0.00962 0.00388 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_102 755.823 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_101 752.288 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_100 752.287 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_117 819.007 0.00962 0.00420 0.01382 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_116 819.012 0.00962 0.00420 0.01382 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_115 819.002 0.00962 0.00420 0.01382 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_114 819.009 0.00962 0.00420 0.01382 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_113 801.335 0.00962 0.00411 0.01373 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_112 801.333 0.00962 0.00411 0.01373 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_111 755.832 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_110 755.679 0.00962 0.00388 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_079 749.752 0.00962 0.00384 0.01346 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_089 749.121 0.00962 0.00384 0.01346 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_088 749.171 0.00962 0.00384 0.01346 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_087 749.167 0.00962 0.00384 0.01346 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_086 749.256 0.00962 0.00384 0.01346 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_085 749.251 0.00962 0.00384 0.01346 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_084 749.384 0.00962 0.00384 0.01346 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_083 749.376 0.00962 0.00384 0.01346 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_082 749.553 0.00962 0.00384 0.01346 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_081 749.543 0.00962 0.00384 0.01346 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_080 749.764 0.00962 0.00384 0.01346 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_099 752.329 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_098 752.326 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_097 752.411 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_096 752.406 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_095 752.532 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_094 752.525 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_093 752.694 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_092 752.684 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_091 752.894 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_090 752.882 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 7449.624
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 8034.734 kNm MEd = 1436.912 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

Negative Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 0.000 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 6361.491 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
2 362.500 4608.047 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
3 181.250 2441.613 0.000 0.000 5800.505 0.42093
4 271.875 3651.452 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
5 226.563 3051.451 0.000 0.000 4726.946 0.64554
6 249.219 3355.739 0.000 0.000 4336.561 0.77382
7 260.547 3506.319 0.000 0.000 4166.829 0.84148
8 266.211 3579.596 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
9 263.379 3543.135 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
10 261.963 3524.771 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
11 261.255 3515.556 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
12 260.901 3510.940 0.000 0.000 4161.762 0.84362
13 261.078 3513.249 0.000 0.000 4159.234 0.84469
14 261.166 3514.402 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
15 261.122 3513.826 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
16 261.100 3513.537 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
17 261.089 3513.393 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
18 261.083 3513.321 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
19 261.081 3513.285 0.000 0.000 4159.194 0.84470
20 261.082 3513.303 0.000 0.000 4159.175 0.84471

- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 3513.303 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 0.000 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 4159.175 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 208.866 mm
x = 261.082 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 154998.652 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 0.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 755.564 0.00000 0.00387 0.00387 755.567 140.000 105.779
S_strand_108 755.487 0.00000 0.00387 0.00387 755.489 140.000 105.768
S_strand_107 755.447 0.00000 0.00387 0.00387 755.450 140.000 105.763
S_strand_106 755.446 0.00000 0.00387 0.00387 755.449 140.000 105.763
S_strand_105 755.483 0.00000 0.00387 0.00387 755.486 140.000 105.768
S_strand_104 755.559 0.00000 0.00387 0.00387 755.561 140.000 105.779
S_strand_103 755.672 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 755.675 140.000 105.794
S_strand_102 755.823 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 755.825 140.000 105.816
S_strand_101 752.288 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 752.291 140.000 105.321
S_strand_100 752.287 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 752.290 140.000 105.321
S_strand_117 819.007 0.00000 0.00420 0.00420 819.010 140.000 114.661
S_strand_116 819.012 0.00000 0.00420 0.00420 819.015 140.000 114.662
S_strand_115 819.002 0.00000 0.00420 0.00420 819.004 140.000 114.661
S_strand_114 819.009 0.00000 0.00420 0.00420 819.012 140.000 114.662
S_strand_113 801.335 0.00000 0.00411 0.00411 801.337 140.000 112.187
S_strand_112 801.333 0.00000 0.00411 0.00411 801.336 140.000 112.187
S_strand_111 755.832 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 755.835 140.000 105.817
S_strand_110 755.679 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 755.682 140.000 105.795
S_strand_079 749.752 0.00000 0.00384 0.00384 749.754 140.000 104.966
S_strand_089 749.121 0.00000 0.00384 0.00384 749.124 140.000 104.877
S_strand_088 749.171 0.00000 0.00384 0.00384 749.173 140.000 104.884
S_strand_087 749.167 0.00000 0.00384 0.00384 749.170 140.000 104.884
S_strand_086 749.256 0.00000 0.00384 0.00384 749.259 140.000 104.896
S_strand_085 749.251 0.00000 0.00384 0.00384 749.253 140.000 104.895
S_strand_084 749.384 0.00000 0.00384 0.00384 749.386 140.000 104.914
S_strand_083 749.376 0.00000 0.00384 0.00384 749.379 140.000 104.913
S_strand_082 749.553 0.00000 0.00384 0.00384 749.556 140.000 104.938
S_strand_081 749.543 0.00000 0.00384 0.00384 749.546 140.000 104.936
S_strand_080 749.764 0.00000 0.00384 0.00384 749.766 140.000 104.967
S_strand_099 752.329 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 752.332 140.000 105.326
S_strand_098 752.326 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 752.329 140.000 105.326
S_strand_097 752.411 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 752.414 140.000 105.338
S_strand_096 752.406 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 752.408 140.000 105.337
S_strand_095 752.532 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 752.535 140.000 105.355
S_strand_094 752.525 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 752.528 140.000 105.354
S_strand_093 752.694 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 752.696 140.000 105.377
S_strand_092 752.684 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 752.687 140.000 105.376
S_strand_091 752.894 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 752.897 140.000 105.406
S_strand_090 752.882 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 752.885 140.000 105.404
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 4159.175
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 550.096 kNm MEd = 0.000 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

3.Shear Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4138.718 kN
VEd = -104.116 kN
MEd = 1436.912 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -7.480 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 6.736 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.076 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.660 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 789.014 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4159.160 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -1044.358 kNm : Moment of prestressing force

- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid


s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.049 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 33.543 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 763.054 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 796.597 kN > VEd = -104.116 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm S
l,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 52.058 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6117.352 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, M Rd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.260 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -104.116 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.260 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, fctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd) and design strength(fcd)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

Minimum Shear Force


1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4157.891 kN
VEd = -104.116 kN
MEd = 1436.912 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -7.579 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 6.736 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.076 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.660 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 789.014 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4159.160 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -1044.358 kNm : Moment of prestressing force
- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid
s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.049 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 33.543 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm 4
: Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 763.054 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 796.597 kN > VEd = -104.116 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm Sl,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 52.058 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6117.352 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, MRd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.260 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -104.116 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.260 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, f ctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd
) and design strength(f cd
)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

4.Torsional Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4138.718 kN
VEd = -104.116 kN
TEd = -0.047 kNm
MEd = 1436.912 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.061 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1696.677 kN

Minimum Shear Force


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4157.891 kN
VEd = -104.116 kN
TEd = -0.047 kNm
MEd = 1436.912 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.061 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1697.822 kN

Maximum Torsion Moment


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4157.891 kN
VEd = -104.116 kN
TEd = -0.047 kNm
MEd = 1436.912 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.061 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1697.822 kN
Element Number 128
Position Information I

1.Design Condition
1.1 Design Parameters
- Partial factors for ultimate limit states (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 2.4.2.4)
Design Situations c for concrete s for reinforcing steel s for prestressing steel
Persistent & Transient 1.500 1.150 1.150
Accidental 1.200 1.000 1.000

- factor cc, ct : Coefficient for long term effects on Compression and Tensile Strength.
cc = 0.850 (for the Compressive strength)
ct = 1.000 (for the Tensile strength)

1.2 Sectional Information


Section Equvlnt sect(tdn, reinfmnt) Equvlnt sect (After Comp)
Information (Girder) (Girder + Slab)
A (mm2) 561456.288 910400.591
Iy (mm4) 130051866715.267 234616258403.120
yst (mm) - 584.968
ysb (mm) - 384.968
yt (mm) 777.185 434.968
yb (mm) 522.815 865.032
Zst (mm3) - 401075691.944
Zsb (mm3) - 609444271.983
Zt (mm3) 68188257.081 539387977.598
Zb (mm3) 36139776.253 271222488.847

1.3 Material Information


Girder (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)
- Concrete Material Information
fck(g) = 40.000 MPa
Ec(g) = 35220.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 48.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 3.509 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.456 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(g) = 500.000 MPa , Es(g) = 200000.000 MPa

Slab (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)


- Concrete Material Information
fck(s) = 30.000 MPa
Ec(s) = 32836.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 38.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 2.896 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.028 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(s) = 500.000 MPa , Es(s) = 200000.000 MPa

1.4 Tendon Profile Information


Location Area Strength (MPa) Ep
Type Tendon Name
(mm) (mm2) fpk fp0.1k (MPa)
1 S_strand_109 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
2 S_strand_108 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
3 S_strand_107 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
4 S_strand_106 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
5 S_strand_105 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
6 S_strand_104 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
7 S_strand_103 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
8 S_strand_102 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
9 S_strand_101 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
10 S_strand_100 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
11 S_strand_117 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
12 S_strand_116 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
13 S_strand_115 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
14 S_strand_114 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
15 S_strand_113 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
16 S_strand_112 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
17 S_strand_111 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
18 S_strand_110 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
19 S_strand_079 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
20 S_strand_089 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
21 S_strand_088 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
22 S_strand_087 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
23 S_strand_086 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
24 S_strand_085 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
25 S_strand_084 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
26 S_strand_083 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
27 S_strand_082 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
28 S_strand_081 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
29 S_strand_080 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
30 S_strand_099 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
31 S_strand_098 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
32 S_strand_097 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
33 S_strand_096 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
34 S_strand_095 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
35 S_strand_094 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
36 S_strand_093 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
37 S_strand_092 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
38 S_strand_091 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
39 S_strand_090 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000

2.Ultimate Moment Resistance


Positive Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 1436.791 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 10318.072 0.000 0.000 6543.660 1.57680
2 362.500 7798.699 0.000 0.000 7449.624 1.04686
3 181.250 4930.000 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.66178
4 271.875 7083.013 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.95079
5 317.188 7445.148 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.99940
- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 960.498 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 7449.624 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 253.750 mm
x = 317.188 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 42374.928 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 381450.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 755.558 0.00962 0.00387 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_108 755.482 0.00962 0.00387 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_107 755.445 0.00962 0.00387 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_106 755.447 0.00962 0.00387 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_105 755.486 0.00962 0.00387 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_104 755.563 0.00962 0.00387 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_103 755.679 0.00962 0.00388 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_102 755.832 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_101 752.286 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_100 752.287 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_117 819.006 0.00962 0.00420 0.01382 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_116 819.014 0.00962 0.00420 0.01382 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_115 819.012 0.00962 0.00420 0.01382 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_114 819.017 0.00962 0.00420 0.01382 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_113 801.336 0.00962 0.00411 0.01373 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_112 801.338 0.00962 0.00411 0.01373 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_111 755.822 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_110 755.671 0.00962 0.00388 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_079 749.763 0.00962 0.00384 0.01346 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_089 749.120 0.00962 0.00384 0.01346 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_088 749.166 0.00962 0.00384 0.01346 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_087 749.169 0.00962 0.00384 0.01346 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_086 749.249 0.00962 0.00384 0.01346 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_085 749.255 0.00962 0.00384 0.01346 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_084 749.375 0.00962 0.00384 0.01346 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_083 749.383 0.00962 0.00384 0.01346 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_082 749.542 0.00962 0.00384 0.01346 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_081 749.552 0.00962 0.00384 0.01346 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_080 749.750 0.00962 0.00384 0.01346 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_099 752.325 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_098 752.328 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_097 752.404 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_096 752.410 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_095 752.524 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_094 752.532 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_093 752.683 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_092 752.693 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_091 752.881 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_090 752.893 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 7449.624
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 8034.734 kNm MEd = 1436.791 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

Negative Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 0.000 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 6361.491 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
2 362.500 4608.047 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
3 181.250 2441.613 0.000 0.000 5800.504 0.42093
4 271.875 3651.452 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
5 226.563 3051.451 0.000 0.000 4726.945 0.64554
6 249.219 3355.739 0.000 0.000 4336.560 0.77383
7 260.547 3506.319 0.000 0.000 4166.827 0.84148
8 266.211 3579.596 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
9 263.379 3543.135 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
10 261.963 3524.771 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
11 261.255 3515.556 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
12 260.901 3510.940 0.000 0.000 4161.761 0.84362
13 261.078 3513.249 0.000 0.000 4159.233 0.84469
14 261.166 3514.402 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
15 261.122 3513.826 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
16 261.100 3513.537 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
17 261.089 3513.393 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
18 261.083 3513.321 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
19 261.081 3513.285 0.000 0.000 4159.193 0.84470
20 261.082 3513.303 0.000 0.000 4159.173 0.84471

- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 3513.303 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 0.000 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 4159.173 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 208.866 mm
x = 261.082 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 154998.652 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 0.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 755.558 0.00000 0.00387 0.00387 755.560 140.000 105.778
S_strand_108 755.482 0.00000 0.00387 0.00387 755.485 140.000 105.768
S_strand_107 755.445 0.00000 0.00387 0.00387 755.448 140.000 105.763
S_strand_106 755.447 0.00000 0.00387 0.00387 755.449 140.000 105.763
S_strand_105 755.486 0.00000 0.00387 0.00387 755.489 140.000 105.768
S_strand_104 755.563 0.00000 0.00387 0.00387 755.566 140.000 105.779
S_strand_103 755.679 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 755.681 140.000 105.795
S_strand_102 755.832 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 755.835 140.000 105.817
S_strand_101 752.286 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 752.289 140.000 105.320
S_strand_100 752.287 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 752.290 140.000 105.321
S_strand_117 819.006 0.00000 0.00420 0.00420 819.009 140.000 114.661
S_strand_116 819.014 0.00000 0.00420 0.00420 819.017 140.000 114.662
S_strand_115 819.012 0.00000 0.00420 0.00420 819.015 140.000 114.662
S_strand_114 819.017 0.00000 0.00420 0.00420 819.020 140.000 114.663
S_strand_113 801.336 0.00000 0.00411 0.00411 801.339 140.000 112.187
S_strand_112 801.338 0.00000 0.00411 0.00411 801.341 140.000 112.188
S_strand_111 755.822 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 755.824 140.000 105.815
S_strand_110 755.671 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 755.674 140.000 105.794
S_strand_079 749.763 0.00000 0.00384 0.00384 749.765 140.000 104.967
S_strand_089 749.120 0.00000 0.00384 0.00384 749.123 140.000 104.877
S_strand_088 749.166 0.00000 0.00384 0.00384 749.169 140.000 104.884
S_strand_087 749.169 0.00000 0.00384 0.00384 749.172 140.000 104.884
S_strand_086 749.249 0.00000 0.00384 0.00384 749.252 140.000 104.895
S_strand_085 749.255 0.00000 0.00384 0.00384 749.258 140.000 104.896
S_strand_084 749.375 0.00000 0.00384 0.00384 749.377 140.000 104.913
S_strand_083 749.383 0.00000 0.00384 0.00384 749.385 140.000 104.914
S_strand_082 749.542 0.00000 0.00384 0.00384 749.544 140.000 104.936
S_strand_081 749.552 0.00000 0.00384 0.00384 749.555 140.000 104.938
S_strand_080 749.750 0.00000 0.00384 0.00384 749.753 140.000 104.965
S_strand_099 752.325 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 752.328 140.000 105.326
S_strand_098 752.328 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 752.331 140.000 105.326
S_strand_097 752.404 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 752.407 140.000 105.337
S_strand_096 752.410 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 752.413 140.000 105.338
S_strand_095 752.524 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 752.526 140.000 105.354
S_strand_094 752.532 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 752.534 140.000 105.355
S_strand_093 752.683 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 752.685 140.000 105.376
S_strand_092 752.693 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 752.695 140.000 105.377
S_strand_091 752.881 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 752.884 140.000 105.404
S_strand_090 752.893 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 752.896 140.000 105.405
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 4159.173
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 550.096 kNm MEd = 0.000 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

3.Shear Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4157.639 kN
VEd = -104.122 kN
MEd = 1436.791 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -7.579 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 6.736 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.076 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.660 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 789.014 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4159.159 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -1044.354 kNm : Moment of prestressing force

- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid


s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.049 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 33.543 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 763.055 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 796.598 kN > VEd = -104.122 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm S
l,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 52.061 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6117.464 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, M Rd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.260 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -104.122 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.260 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, fctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd) and design strength(fcd)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

Minimum Shear Force


1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4171.589 kN
VEd = -104.122 kN
MEd = 1436.791 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -7.651 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 6.736 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.076 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.660 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 789.014 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4159.159 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -1044.354 kNm : Moment of prestressing force
- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid
s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.049 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 33.543 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm 4
: Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 763.055 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 796.598 kN > VEd = -104.122 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm Sl,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 52.061 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6117.464 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, MRd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.260 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -104.122 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.260 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, f ctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd
) and design strength(f cd
)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

4.Torsional Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4157.639 kN
VEd = -104.122 kN
TEd = -0.037 kNm
MEd = 1436.791 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.061 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1697.807 kN

Minimum Shear Force


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4171.589 kN
VEd = -104.122 kN
TEd = -0.037 kNm
MEd = 1436.791 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.061 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1698.639 kN

Maximum Torsion Moment


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4171.589 kN
VEd = -104.122 kN
TEd = -0.037 kNm
MEd = 1436.791 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.061 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1698.639 kN
Element Number 128
Position Information J

1.Design Condition
1.1 Design Parameters
- Partial factors for ultimate limit states (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 2.4.2.4)
Design Situations c for concrete s for reinforcing steel s for prestressing steel
Persistent & Transient 1.500 1.150 1.150
Accidental 1.200 1.000 1.000

- factor cc, ct : Coefficient for long term effects on Compression and Tensile Strength.
cc = 0.850 (for the Compressive strength)
ct = 1.000 (for the Tensile strength)

1.2 Sectional Information


Section Equvlnt sect(tdn, reinfmnt) Equvlnt sect (After Comp)
Information (Girder) (Girder + Slab)
A (mm2) 561456.288 910400.591
Iy (mm4) 130051866715.267 234616258403.120
yst (mm) - 584.968
ysb (mm) - 384.968
yt (mm) 777.185 434.968
yb (mm) 522.815 865.032
Zst (mm3) - 401075691.944
Zsb (mm3) - 609444271.983
Zt (mm3) 68188257.081 539387977.598
Zb (mm3) 36139776.253 271222488.847

1.3 Material Information


Girder (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)
- Concrete Material Information
fck(g) = 40.000 MPa
Ec(g) = 35220.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 48.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 3.509 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.456 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(g) = 500.000 MPa , Es(g) = 200000.000 MPa

Slab (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)


- Concrete Material Information
fck(s) = 30.000 MPa
Ec(s) = 32836.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 38.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 2.896 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.028 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(s) = 500.000 MPa , Es(s) = 200000.000 MPa

1.4 Tendon Profile Information


Location Area Strength (MPa) Ep
Type Tendon Name
(mm) (mm2) fpk fp0.1k (MPa)
1 S_strand_109 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
2 S_strand_108 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
3 S_strand_107 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
4 S_strand_106 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
5 S_strand_105 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
6 S_strand_104 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
7 S_strand_103 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
8 S_strand_102 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
9 S_strand_101 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
10 S_strand_100 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
11 S_strand_117 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
12 S_strand_116 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
13 S_strand_115 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
14 S_strand_114 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
15 S_strand_113 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
16 S_strand_112 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
17 S_strand_111 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
18 S_strand_110 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
19 S_strand_079 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
20 S_strand_089 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
21 S_strand_088 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
22 S_strand_087 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
23 S_strand_086 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
24 S_strand_085 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
25 S_strand_084 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
26 S_strand_083 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
27 S_strand_082 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
28 S_strand_081 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
29 S_strand_080 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
30 S_strand_099 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
31 S_strand_098 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
32 S_strand_097 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
33 S_strand_096 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
34 S_strand_095 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
35 S_strand_094 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
36 S_strand_093 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
37 S_strand_092 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
38 S_strand_091 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
39 S_strand_090 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000

2.Ultimate Moment Resistance


Positive Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 1526.447 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 10318.072 0.000 0.000 6557.610 1.57345
2 362.500 7798.699 0.000 0.000 7449.624 1.04686
3 181.250 4930.000 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.66178
4 271.875 7083.013 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.95079
5 317.188 7445.148 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.99940
- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 960.498 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 7449.624 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 253.750 mm
x = 317.188 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 42374.928 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 381450.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 758.805 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_108 758.727 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_107 758.688 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_106 758.687 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_105 758.724 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_104 758.799 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_103 758.913 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_102 759.064 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_101 755.868 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_100 755.867 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_117 815.185 0.00962 0.00418 0.01380 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_116 815.191 0.00962 0.00418 0.01380 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_115 815.180 0.00962 0.00418 0.01380 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_114 815.188 0.00962 0.00418 0.01380 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_113 799.550 0.00962 0.00410 0.01372 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_112 799.549 0.00962 0.00410 0.01372 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_111 759.073 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_110 758.920 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_079 753.672 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_089 753.041 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_088 753.090 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_087 753.087 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_086 753.176 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_085 753.171 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_084 753.303 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_083 753.296 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_082 753.472 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_081 753.463 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_080 753.683 0.00962 0.00387 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_099 755.910 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_098 755.907 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_097 755.991 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_096 755.986 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_095 756.112 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_094 756.105 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_093 756.274 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_092 756.264 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_091 756.474 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_090 756.463 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 7449.624
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 8034.734 kNm MEd = 1526.447 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

Negative Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 0.000 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 6361.491 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
2 362.500 4608.047 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
3 181.250 2441.613 0.000 0.000 5814.454 0.41992
4 271.875 3651.452 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
5 226.563 3051.451 0.000 0.000 4740.895 0.64364
6 249.219 3355.739 0.000 0.000 4350.510 0.77134
7 260.547 3506.319 0.000 0.000 4180.777 0.83868
8 266.211 3579.596 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
9 263.379 3543.135 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
10 261.963 3524.771 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
11 261.255 3515.556 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
12 260.901 3510.940 0.000 0.000 4175.711 0.84080
13 261.078 3513.249 0.000 0.000 4173.183 0.84186
14 261.166 3514.402 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
15 261.122 3513.826 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
16 261.100 3513.537 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
17 261.089 3513.393 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
18 261.083 3513.321 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
19 261.081 3513.285 0.000 0.000 4173.143 0.84188
20 261.082 3513.303 0.000 0.000 4173.123 0.84189

- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 3513.303 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 0.000 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 4173.123 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 208.866 mm
x = 261.082 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 154998.652 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 0.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 758.805 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.807 140.000 106.233
S_strand_108 758.727 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.730 140.000 106.222
S_strand_107 758.688 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.691 140.000 106.217
S_strand_106 758.687 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.690 140.000 106.217
S_strand_105 758.724 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.727 140.000 106.222
S_strand_104 758.799 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.802 140.000 106.232
S_strand_103 758.913 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.915 140.000 106.248
S_strand_102 759.064 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 759.066 140.000 106.269
S_strand_101 755.868 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 755.871 140.000 105.822
S_strand_100 755.867 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 755.870 140.000 105.822
S_strand_117 815.185 0.00000 0.00418 0.00418 815.188 140.000 114.126
S_strand_116 815.191 0.00000 0.00418 0.00418 815.193 140.000 114.127
S_strand_115 815.180 0.00000 0.00418 0.00418 815.183 140.000 114.126
S_strand_114 815.188 0.00000 0.00418 0.00418 815.191 140.000 114.127
S_strand_113 799.550 0.00000 0.00410 0.00410 799.553 140.000 111.937
S_strand_112 799.549 0.00000 0.00410 0.00410 799.552 140.000 111.937
S_strand_111 759.073 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 759.076 140.000 106.271
S_strand_110 758.920 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.923 140.000 106.249
S_strand_079 753.672 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 753.674 140.000 105.514
S_strand_089 753.041 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 753.044 140.000 105.426
S_strand_088 753.090 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 753.093 140.000 105.433
S_strand_087 753.087 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 753.090 140.000 105.433
S_strand_086 753.176 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 753.178 140.000 105.445
S_strand_085 753.171 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 753.173 140.000 105.444
S_strand_084 753.303 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 753.306 140.000 105.463
S_strand_083 753.296 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 753.299 140.000 105.462
S_strand_082 753.472 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 753.475 140.000 105.487
S_strand_081 753.463 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 753.466 140.000 105.485
S_strand_080 753.683 0.00000 0.00387 0.00387 753.686 140.000 105.516
S_strand_099 755.910 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 755.912 140.000 105.828
S_strand_098 755.907 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 755.909 140.000 105.827
S_strand_097 755.991 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 755.994 140.000 105.839
S_strand_096 755.986 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 755.989 140.000 105.838
S_strand_095 756.112 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 756.115 140.000 105.856
S_strand_094 756.105 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 756.108 140.000 105.855
S_strand_093 756.274 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 756.276 140.000 105.879
S_strand_092 756.264 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 756.267 140.000 105.877
S_strand_091 756.474 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 756.477 140.000 105.907
S_strand_090 756.463 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 756.465 140.000 105.905
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 4173.123
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 550.096 kNm MEd = 0.000 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

3.Shear Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4157.639 kN
VEd = -75.189 kN
MEd = 1526.447 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -7.203 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 6.675 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.013 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.662 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 764.975 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4173.109 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -1052.918 kNm : Moment of prestressing force

- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid


s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.030 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 20.126 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 764.360 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 784.486 kN > VEd = -75.189 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm S
l,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 37.594 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6034.337 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, M Rd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.188 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -75.189 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.188 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, fctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd) and design strength(fcd)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

Minimum Shear Force


1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4171.589 kN
VEd = -75.189 kN
MEd = 1526.447 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -7.274 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 6.675 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.013 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.662 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 764.975 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4173.109 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -1052.918 kNm : Moment of prestressing force
- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid
s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.030 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 20.126 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm 4
: Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 764.360 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 784.486 kN > VEd = -75.189 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm Sl,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 37.594 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6034.337 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, MRd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.188 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -75.189 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.188 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, f ctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd
) and design strength(f cd
)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

4.Torsional Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4157.639 kN
VEd = -75.189 kN
TEd = -0.037 kNm
MEd = 1526.447 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.044 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1697.807 kN

Minimum Shear Force


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4171.589 kN
VEd = -75.189 kN
TEd = -0.037 kNm
MEd = 1526.447 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.044 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1698.639 kN

Maximum Torsion Moment


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4171.589 kN
VEd = -75.189 kN
TEd = -0.037 kNm
MEd = 1526.447 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.044 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1698.639 kN
Element Number 129
Position Information I

1.Design Condition
1.1 Design Parameters
- Partial factors for ultimate limit states (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 2.4.2.4)
Design Situations c for concrete s for reinforcing steel s for prestressing steel
Persistent & Transient 1.500 1.150 1.150
Accidental 1.200 1.000 1.000

- factor cc, ct : Coefficient for long term effects on Compression and Tensile Strength.
cc = 0.850 (for the Compressive strength)
ct = 1.000 (for the Tensile strength)

1.2 Sectional Information


Section Equvlnt sect(tdn, reinfmnt) Equvlnt sect (After Comp)
Information (Girder) (Girder + Slab)
A (mm2) 561456.288 910400.591
Iy (mm4) 130051866715.267 234616258403.120
yst (mm) - 584.968
ysb (mm) - 384.968
yt (mm) 777.185 434.968
yb (mm) 522.815 865.032
Zst (mm3) - 401075691.944
Zsb (mm3) - 609444271.983
Zt (mm3) 68188257.081 539387977.598
Zb (mm3) 36139776.253 271222488.847

1.3 Material Information


Girder (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)
- Concrete Material Information
fck(g) = 40.000 MPa
Ec(g) = 35220.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 48.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 3.509 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.456 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(g) = 500.000 MPa , Es(g) = 200000.000 MPa

Slab (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)


- Concrete Material Information
fck(s) = 30.000 MPa
Ec(s) = 32836.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 38.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 2.896 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.028 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(s) = 500.000 MPa , Es(s) = 200000.000 MPa

1.4 Tendon Profile Information


Location Area Strength (MPa) Ep
Type Tendon Name
(mm) (mm2) fpk fp0.1k (MPa)
1 S_strand_109 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
2 S_strand_108 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
3 S_strand_107 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
4 S_strand_106 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
5 S_strand_105 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
6 S_strand_104 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
7 S_strand_103 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
8 S_strand_102 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
9 S_strand_101 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
10 S_strand_100 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
11 S_strand_117 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
12 S_strand_116 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
13 S_strand_115 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
14 S_strand_114 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
15 S_strand_113 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
16 S_strand_112 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
17 S_strand_111 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
18 S_strand_110 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
19 S_strand_079 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
20 S_strand_089 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
21 S_strand_088 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
22 S_strand_087 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
23 S_strand_086 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
24 S_strand_085 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
25 S_strand_084 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
26 S_strand_083 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
27 S_strand_082 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
28 S_strand_081 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
29 S_strand_080 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
30 S_strand_099 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
31 S_strand_098 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
32 S_strand_097 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
33 S_strand_096 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
34 S_strand_095 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
35 S_strand_094 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
36 S_strand_093 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
37 S_strand_092 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
38 S_strand_091 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
39 S_strand_090 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000

2.Ultimate Moment Resistance


Positive Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 1526.320 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 10318.072 0.000 0.000 6557.609 1.57345
2 362.500 7798.699 0.000 0.000 7449.624 1.04686
3 181.250 4930.000 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.66178
4 271.875 7083.013 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.95079
5 317.188 7445.148 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.99940
- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 960.498 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 7449.624 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 253.750 mm
x = 317.188 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 42374.928 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 381450.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 758.799 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_108 758.723 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_107 758.686 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_106 758.687 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_105 758.727 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_104 758.804 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_103 758.919 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_102 759.072 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_101 755.866 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_100 755.867 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_117 815.185 0.00962 0.00418 0.01380 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_116 815.193 0.00962 0.00418 0.01380 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_115 815.191 0.00962 0.00418 0.01380 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_114 815.196 0.00962 0.00418 0.01380 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_113 799.552 0.00962 0.00410 0.01372 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_112 799.554 0.00962 0.00410 0.01372 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_111 759.063 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_110 758.912 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_079 753.682 0.00962 0.00387 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_089 753.040 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_088 753.086 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_087 753.089 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_086 753.169 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_085 753.175 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_084 753.295 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_083 753.302 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_082 753.462 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_081 753.471 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_080 753.670 0.00962 0.00386 0.01348 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_099 755.905 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_098 755.909 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_097 755.985 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_096 755.990 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_095 756.104 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_094 756.112 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_093 756.263 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_092 756.273 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_091 756.461 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_090 756.473 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 7449.624
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 8034.734 kNm MEd = 1526.320 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

Negative Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 0.000 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 6361.491 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
2 362.500 4608.047 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
3 181.250 2441.613 0.000 0.000 5814.453 0.41992
4 271.875 3651.452 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
5 226.563 3051.451 0.000 0.000 4740.894 0.64364
6 249.219 3355.739 0.000 0.000 4350.509 0.77134
7 260.547 3506.319 0.000 0.000 4180.776 0.83868
8 266.211 3579.596 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
9 263.379 3543.135 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
10 261.963 3524.771 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
11 261.255 3515.556 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
12 260.901 3510.940 0.000 0.000 4175.710 0.84080
13 261.078 3513.249 0.000 0.000 4173.181 0.84186
14 261.166 3514.402 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
15 261.122 3513.826 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
16 261.100 3513.537 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
17 261.089 3513.393 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
18 261.083 3513.321 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
19 261.081 3513.285 0.000 0.000 4173.142 0.84188
20 261.082 3513.303 0.000 0.000 4173.122 0.84189

- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 3513.303 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 0.000 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 4173.122 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 208.866 mm
x = 261.082 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 154998.652 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 0.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 758.799 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.801 140.000 106.232
S_strand_108 758.723 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.726 140.000 106.222
S_strand_107 758.686 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.689 140.000 106.216
S_strand_106 758.687 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.690 140.000 106.217
S_strand_105 758.727 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.729 140.000 106.222
S_strand_104 758.804 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.807 140.000 106.233
S_strand_103 758.919 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.922 140.000 106.249
S_strand_102 759.072 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 759.075 140.000 106.271
S_strand_101 755.866 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 755.869 140.000 105.822
S_strand_100 755.867 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 755.870 140.000 105.822
S_strand_117 815.185 0.00000 0.00418 0.00418 815.188 140.000 114.126
S_strand_116 815.193 0.00000 0.00418 0.00418 815.196 140.000 114.127
S_strand_115 815.191 0.00000 0.00418 0.00418 815.193 140.000 114.127
S_strand_114 815.196 0.00000 0.00418 0.00418 815.198 140.000 114.128
S_strand_113 799.552 0.00000 0.00410 0.00410 799.555 140.000 111.938
S_strand_112 799.554 0.00000 0.00410 0.00410 799.556 140.000 111.938
S_strand_111 759.063 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 759.065 140.000 106.269
S_strand_110 758.912 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.915 140.000 106.248
S_strand_079 753.682 0.00000 0.00387 0.00387 753.685 140.000 105.516
S_strand_089 753.040 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 753.042 140.000 105.426
S_strand_088 753.086 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 753.088 140.000 105.432
S_strand_087 753.089 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 753.092 140.000 105.433
S_strand_086 753.169 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 753.172 140.000 105.444
S_strand_085 753.175 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 753.177 140.000 105.445
S_strand_084 753.295 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 753.297 140.000 105.462
S_strand_083 753.302 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 753.305 140.000 105.463
S_strand_082 753.462 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 753.464 140.000 105.485
S_strand_081 753.471 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 753.474 140.000 105.486
S_strand_080 753.670 0.00000 0.00386 0.00386 753.673 140.000 105.514
S_strand_099 755.905 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 755.908 140.000 105.827
S_strand_098 755.909 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 755.911 140.000 105.828
S_strand_097 755.985 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 755.987 140.000 105.838
S_strand_096 755.990 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 755.993 140.000 105.839
S_strand_095 756.104 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 756.107 140.000 105.855
S_strand_094 756.112 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 756.114 140.000 105.856
S_strand_093 756.263 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 756.266 140.000 105.877
S_strand_092 756.273 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 756.275 140.000 105.879
S_strand_091 756.461 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 756.464 140.000 105.905
S_strand_090 756.473 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 756.476 140.000 105.907
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 4173.122
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 550.096 kNm MEd = 0.000 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

3.Shear Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4171.321 kN
VEd = -75.193 kN
MEd = 1526.320 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -7.274 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 6.675 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.013 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.662 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 764.975 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4173.108 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -1052.913 kNm : Moment of prestressing force

- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid


s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.030 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 20.126 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 764.360 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 784.486 kN > VEd = -75.193 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm S
l,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 37.597 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6034.455 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, M Rd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.188 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -75.193 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.188 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, fctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd) and design strength(fcd)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

Minimum Shear Force


1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4180.048 kN
VEd = -75.193 kN
MEd = 1526.320 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -7.317 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 6.675 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 2.013 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.662 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 764.975 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4173.108 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -1052.913 kNm : Moment of prestressing force
- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid
s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.030 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 20.126 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm 4
: Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 764.360 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 784.486 kN > VEd = -75.193 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm Sl,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 37.597 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 6034.455 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, MRd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.188 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -75.193 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.188 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, f ctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd
) and design strength(f cd
)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

4.Torsional Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4171.321 kN
VEd = -75.193 kN
TEd = -0.023 kNm
MEd = 1526.320 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.044 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1698.624 kN

Minimum Shear Force


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4180.048 kN
VEd = -75.193 kN
TEd = -0.023 kNm
MEd = 1526.320 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.044 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1699.145 kN

Maximum Torsion Moment


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4180.048 kN
VEd = -75.193 kN
TEd = -0.023 kNm
MEd = 1526.320 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.044 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1699.145 kN
Element Number 129
Position Information J

1.Design Condition
1.1 Design Parameters
- Partial factors for ultimate limit states (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 2.4.2.4)
Design Situations c for concrete s for reinforcing steel s for prestressing steel
Persistent & Transient 1.500 1.150 1.150
Accidental 1.200 1.000 1.000

- factor cc, ct : Coefficient for long term effects on Compression and Tensile Strength.
cc = 0.850 (for the Compressive strength)
ct = 1.000 (for the Tensile strength)

1.2 Sectional Information


Section Equvlnt sect(tdn, reinfmnt) Equvlnt sect (After Comp)
Information (Girder) (Girder + Slab)
A (mm2) 561456.288 910400.591
Iy (mm4) 130051866715.267 234616258403.120
yst (mm) - 584.968
ysb (mm) - 384.968
yt (mm) 777.185 434.968
yb (mm) 522.815 865.032
Zst (mm3) - 401075691.944
Zsb (mm3) - 609444271.983
Zt (mm3) 68188257.081 539387977.598
Zb (mm3) 36139776.253 271222488.847

1.3 Material Information


Girder (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)
- Concrete Material Information
fck(g) = 40.000 MPa
Ec(g) = 35220.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 48.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 3.509 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.456 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(g) = 500.000 MPa , Es(g) = 200000.000 MPa

Slab (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)


- Concrete Material Information
fck(s) = 30.000 MPa
Ec(s) = 32836.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 38.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 2.896 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.028 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(s) = 500.000 MPa , Es(s) = 200000.000 MPa

1.4 Tendon Profile Information


Location Area Strength (MPa) Ep
Type Tendon Name
(mm) (mm2) fpk fp0.1k (MPa)
1 S_strand_109 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
2 S_strand_108 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
3 S_strand_107 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
4 S_strand_106 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
5 S_strand_105 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
6 S_strand_104 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
7 S_strand_103 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
8 S_strand_102 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
9 S_strand_101 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
10 S_strand_100 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
11 S_strand_117 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
12 S_strand_116 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
13 S_strand_115 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
14 S_strand_114 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
15 S_strand_113 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
16 S_strand_112 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
17 S_strand_111 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
18 S_strand_110 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
19 S_strand_079 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
20 S_strand_089 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
21 S_strand_088 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
22 S_strand_087 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
23 S_strand_086 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
24 S_strand_085 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
25 S_strand_084 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
26 S_strand_083 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
27 S_strand_082 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
28 S_strand_081 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
29 S_strand_080 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
30 S_strand_099 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
31 S_strand_098 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
32 S_strand_097 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
33 S_strand_096 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
34 S_strand_095 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
35 S_strand_094 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
36 S_strand_093 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
37 S_strand_092 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
38 S_strand_091 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
39 S_strand_090 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000

2.Ultimate Moment Resistance


Positive Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 1587.046 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 10318.072 0.000 0.000 6566.335 1.57136
2 362.500 7798.699 0.000 0.000 7449.624 1.04686
3 181.250 4930.000 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.66178
4 271.875 7083.013 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.95079
5 317.188 7445.148 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.99940
- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 960.498 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 7449.624 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 253.750 mm
x = 317.188 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 42374.928 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 381450.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 760.804 0.00962 0.00390 0.01352 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_108 760.727 0.00962 0.00390 0.01352 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_107 760.687 0.00962 0.00390 0.01352 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_106 760.687 0.00962 0.00390 0.01352 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_105 760.724 0.00962 0.00390 0.01352 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_104 760.799 0.00962 0.00390 0.01352 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_103 760.913 0.00962 0.00390 0.01352 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_102 761.064 0.00962 0.00390 0.01352 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_101 758.067 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_100 758.066 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_117 813.051 0.00962 0.00417 0.01379 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_116 813.057 0.00962 0.00417 0.01379 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_115 813.047 0.00962 0.00417 0.01379 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_114 813.054 0.00962 0.00417 0.01379 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_113 798.609 0.00962 0.00410 0.01371 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_112 798.607 0.00962 0.00410 0.01371 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_111 761.072 0.00962 0.00390 0.01352 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_110 760.919 0.00962 0.00390 0.01352 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_079 756.069 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_089 755.438 0.00962 0.00387 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_088 755.487 0.00962 0.00387 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_087 755.484 0.00962 0.00387 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_086 755.573 0.00962 0.00387 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_085 755.568 0.00962 0.00387 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_084 755.700 0.00962 0.00388 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_083 755.693 0.00962 0.00388 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_082 755.869 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_081 755.861 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_080 756.080 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_099 758.108 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_098 758.105 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_097 758.189 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_096 758.184 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_095 758.310 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_094 758.304 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_093 758.471 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_092 758.463 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_091 758.672 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_090 758.662 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 7449.624
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 8034.734 kNm MEd = 1587.046 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

Negative Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 0.000 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 6361.491 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
2 362.500 4608.047 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
3 181.250 2441.613 0.000 0.000 5823.180 0.41929
4 271.875 3651.452 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
5 226.563 3051.451 0.000 0.000 4749.620 0.64246
6 249.219 3355.739 0.000 0.000 4359.235 0.76980
7 260.547 3506.319 0.000 0.000 4189.503 0.83693
8 266.211 3579.596 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
9 263.379 3543.135 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
10 261.963 3524.771 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
11 261.255 3515.556 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
12 260.901 3510.940 0.000 0.000 4184.436 0.83905
13 261.078 3513.249 0.000 0.000 4181.908 0.84011
14 261.166 3514.402 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
15 261.122 3513.826 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
16 261.100 3513.537 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
17 261.089 3513.393 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
18 261.083 3513.321 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
19 261.081 3513.285 0.000 0.000 4181.868 0.84012
20 261.082 3513.303 0.000 0.000 4181.849 0.84013

- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 3513.303 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 0.000 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 4181.849 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 208.866 mm
x = 261.082 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 154998.652 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 0.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 760.804 0.00000 0.00390 0.00390 760.807 140.000 106.513
S_strand_108 760.727 0.00000 0.00390 0.00390 760.729 140.000 106.502
S_strand_107 760.687 0.00000 0.00390 0.00390 760.690 140.000 106.497
S_strand_106 760.687 0.00000 0.00390 0.00390 760.689 140.000 106.496
S_strand_105 760.724 0.00000 0.00390 0.00390 760.727 140.000 106.502
S_strand_104 760.799 0.00000 0.00390 0.00390 760.802 140.000 106.512
S_strand_103 760.913 0.00000 0.00390 0.00390 760.915 140.000 106.528
S_strand_102 761.064 0.00000 0.00390 0.00390 761.066 140.000 106.549
S_strand_101 758.067 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.069 140.000 106.130
S_strand_100 758.066 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.068 140.000 106.130
S_strand_117 813.051 0.00000 0.00417 0.00417 813.054 140.000 113.828
S_strand_116 813.057 0.00000 0.00417 0.00417 813.059 140.000 113.828
S_strand_115 813.047 0.00000 0.00417 0.00417 813.049 140.000 113.827
S_strand_114 813.054 0.00000 0.00417 0.00417 813.057 140.000 113.828
S_strand_113 798.609 0.00000 0.00410 0.00410 798.611 140.000 111.806
S_strand_112 798.607 0.00000 0.00410 0.00410 798.610 140.000 111.805
S_strand_111 761.072 0.00000 0.00390 0.00390 761.075 140.000 106.550
S_strand_110 760.919 0.00000 0.00390 0.00390 760.922 140.000 106.529
S_strand_079 756.069 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 756.072 140.000 105.850
S_strand_089 755.438 0.00000 0.00387 0.00387 755.441 140.000 105.762
S_strand_088 755.487 0.00000 0.00387 0.00387 755.490 140.000 105.769
S_strand_087 755.484 0.00000 0.00387 0.00387 755.487 140.000 105.768
S_strand_086 755.573 0.00000 0.00387 0.00387 755.575 140.000 105.781
S_strand_085 755.568 0.00000 0.00387 0.00387 755.571 140.000 105.780
S_strand_084 755.700 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 755.703 140.000 105.798
S_strand_083 755.693 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 755.696 140.000 105.797
S_strand_082 755.869 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 755.872 140.000 105.822
S_strand_081 755.861 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 755.863 140.000 105.821
S_strand_080 756.080 0.00000 0.00388 0.00388 756.082 140.000 105.852
S_strand_099 758.108 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.110 140.000 106.135
S_strand_098 758.105 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.108 140.000 106.135
S_strand_097 758.189 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.192 140.000 106.147
S_strand_096 758.184 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.187 140.000 106.146
S_strand_095 758.310 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.313 140.000 106.164
S_strand_094 758.304 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.307 140.000 106.163
S_strand_093 758.471 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.474 140.000 106.186
S_strand_092 758.463 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.466 140.000 106.185
S_strand_091 758.672 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.675 140.000 106.214
S_strand_090 758.662 0.00000 0.00389 0.00389 758.664 140.000 106.213
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 4181.849
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 550.096 kNm MEd = 0.000 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

3.Shear Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4171.321 kN
VEd = -46.260 kN
MEd = 1587.046 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -7.026 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 6.645 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 1.981 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.664 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 752.955 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4181.834 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -1058.074 kNm : Moment of prestressing force

- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid


s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.010 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 6.709 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 767.108 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 773.817 kN > VEd = -46.260 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm S
l,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 23.130 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 5978.151 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, M Rd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.116 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -46.260 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.116 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, fctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd) and design strength(fcd)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

Minimum Shear Force


1) Check shear resistance of Concrete, VRd,c
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4180.048 kN
VEd = -46.260 kN
MEd = 1587.046 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 26.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 20.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Checking shear resistance of the regions cracked or uncracked in bending


fb = -7.069 MPa < fctd = 1.637 MPa
(Check the shear strength for noncrack section.)
where, fb : Flexural tensile stress ( Tension takes positive)
fctd = ctfctk,0.05 / c : Design tensile strength of concrete.

- Total stress at composite centroid from actions on the girder alone


tot = 1 + 2 = 6.645 MPa (DESIGNER'S GUIDE TO EN 1992-2, 6.2.7)
where,
1 = (Mnony' ) / Ig = 1.981 MPa
2 = P / Ag+ (Pey' ) / Ig = 4.664 MPa
1 : stress at the composite centroid due to the moment acting on the girder alone
2 : stress at the composite centroid due to prestress

Mnon = 752.955 kNm : Bending Moment in girder alone


ynon = 522.815 mm : Height to Centroid in girder alone
ycom = 865.032 mm : Height to Centroid in Composite section
y' = ycom- ynon = 342.218 mm
Ag = 561456.288 mm 2
: Area Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Girder alone
P = 4181.834 kN : A factored prestressing force after all losses
Pe = -1058.074 kNm : Moment of prestressing force
- Shear stress in girder alone at the height of the composite centroid
s = (Vc1 / bw)( Qn / Ig) = 0.010 MPa
where,
Vc1 = 6.709 kN : Shear force on the precast girder alone
Qn = 3.8284E+07 mm 3
: First moment of Area in centroid of Girder alone
Ig = 1.3005E+11 mm 4
: Moment of inertia in Girder alone
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Additional shear force acting on the composite section


Vc2 = (Icbw / Qc){ ((fctd)2 + fctdtot ) - s} = 767.108 kN
where,
Qc = 2.2467E+08 mm3 : First moment of Area in centroid of Composite section
Ic = 2.3462E+11 mm4 : Moment of inertia in Composite section
bw = 200.000 mm : Girder width

- Total shear resistance of the composite section (regions Un-cracked in bending)


VRd,c = Vc1 + Vc2 = 773.817 kN > VEd = -46.260 kN OK
No shear reinforcement is required

2) Check minimun shear reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 9.2.2(5))


- Check ratio of shear reinforcement
w, min = 0.08 fck / fyk = 0.00101
w = Asw / ( sbwsin ) = 0.00000 < w, min = 0.00101 NG
where, w, min is the minimum ratio of shear reinforcement
Asw = 0.000 mm2 : Area of diagonal reinforcment

- Check Spacing of stirrups


Sl,max = 0.75d(1 + cot) = 924.375 mm
s = 0.000 mm Sl,max = 924.375 mm OK
where, s is the spacing of the stirrups
d = 1232.500 mm : effective depth

3) Check additional tension force in the longitudinal reinforcement due to shear force (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.3.(7))
Ftd = 0.5VEd(cot - cot) = 23.130 kN
(MRd - MEd) / z = 5978.151 kN
Ftd (MRd - MEd) / z OK
where, MRd = 8034.734 kN : The moment resistance
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis

4) Check shear at the interface between concrete cast at different times (EN 1992-1-1;2004, 6.2.5)
- Shear stress in the interface
vEdi = VEd /(zbi) = 0.116 MPa
where, = Cs / (Cg + Cs) : Ratio of the longitudinal force in the new concrete area
= 1.000 and the total longitudinal force either in the compression or tension zone
Cg = 960.498 kN : Compression Force of girder
Cs = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force of slab
VEd = -46.260 kN : Transverse shear force
z = 1078.542 mm : Lever arm from the ultimate bending resistance analysis
bi = 371.000 mm : Width of interface

- Design shear resistance at the interface


vRdi = c fctd + n + fyd (sin + cos) = 1.495 MPa
vRd,lim = 0.5 fcd = 6.720 MPa
vEdi = 0.116 MPa vRd = min[vRdi, vRd,lim] = 1.495 MPa OK
where, f ctd = 1.637 MPa : Minimum design tensile strength(f ctd
) and design strength(f cd
)
fcd = 26.667 MPa of concrete between girder and slab
c = 0.200 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
= 0.600 : factors which depend on the roughness of the interface
n = ws / Ai = 0.026 MPa
= As / Ai = 0.004
ws = 9.536 kN : Weigth of slab
Ai = 371000.000 mm2 : Area of joint (1m for unit length)
As = 1638.706 mm2 : Area of reinforcement crossing the interface
fyd = 434.783 MPa : Strength of shear connector
= 90.000 : Angle of reinforcement crossing the interface
( 45 90 )

4.Torsional Resistance
Maximum Shear Force
1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4171.321 kN
VEd = -46.260 kN
TEd = -0.023 kNm
MEd = 1587.046 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.027 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1698.624 kN

Minimum Shear Force


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4180.048 kN
VEd = -46.260 kN
TEd = -0.023 kNm
MEd = 1587.046 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.027 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1699.145 kN

Maximum Torsion Moment


1 Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
NEd = -4180.048 kN
VEd = -46.260 kN
TEd = -0.023 kNm
MEd = 1587.046 kNm

- Design strength of concrete


fcd = ccfck / c = 26.667 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement


fyd = fyk / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

2 Check Torsional Resistance


Calculate maximum torsion resistance, TRd,max of total section
TEd / TRd,max + VEd / VRd,max = 0.027 1.0 OK
where, VRd,max = 1699.145 kN
Element Number 130
Position Information I

1.Design Condition
1.1 Design Parameters
- Partial factors for ultimate limit states (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 2.4.2.4)
Design Situations c for concrete s for reinforcing steel s for prestressing steel
Persistent & Transient 1.500 1.150 1.150
Accidental 1.200 1.000 1.000

- factor cc, ct : Coefficient for long term effects on Compression and Tensile Strength.
cc = 0.850 (for the Compressive strength)
ct = 1.000 (for the Tensile strength)

1.2 Sectional Information


Section Equvlnt sect(tdn, reinfmnt) Equvlnt sect (After Comp)
Information (Girder) (Girder + Slab)
A (mm2) 561456.288 910400.591
Iy (mm4) 130051866715.267 234616258403.120
yst (mm) - 584.968
ysb (mm) - 384.968
yt (mm) 777.185 434.968
yb (mm) 522.815 865.032
Zst (mm3) - 401075691.944
Zsb (mm3) - 609444271.983
Zt (mm3) 68188257.081 539387977.598
Zb (mm3) 36139776.253 271222488.847

1.3 Material Information


Girder (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)
- Concrete Material Information
fck(g) = 40.000 MPa
Ec(g) = 35220.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 48.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 3.509 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.456 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(g) = 500.000 MPa , Es(g) = 200000.000 MPa

Slab (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Table 3.1)


- Concrete Material Information
fck(s) = 30.000 MPa
Ec(s) = 32836.000 MPa
fcm = fck + 8 = 38.000 MPa
fctm = 0.30fck(2/3) = 2.896 MPa ( fck C50/60 )
fctk;0.05 = 0.7fctm = 2.028 MPa
- Reinforcement Material Information
fyk(s) = 500.000 MPa , Es(s) = 200000.000 MPa

1.4 Tendon Profile Information


Location Area Strength (MPa) Ep
Type Tendon Name
(mm) (mm2) fpk fp0.1k (MPa)
1 S_strand_109 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
2 S_strand_108 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
3 S_strand_107 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
4 S_strand_106 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
5 S_strand_105 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
6 S_strand_104 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
7 S_strand_103 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
8 S_strand_102 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
9 S_strand_101 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
10 S_strand_100 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
11 S_strand_117 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
12 S_strand_116 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
13 S_strand_115 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
14 S_strand_114 249.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
15 S_strand_113 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
16 S_strand_112 549.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
17 S_strand_111 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
18 S_strand_110 1289.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
19 S_strand_079 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
20 S_strand_089 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
21 S_strand_088 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
22 S_strand_087 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
23 S_strand_086 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
24 S_strand_085 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
25 S_strand_084 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
26 S_strand_083 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
27 S_strand_082 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
28 S_strand_081 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
29 S_strand_080 1389.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
30 S_strand_099 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
31 S_strand_098 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
32 S_strand_097 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
33 S_strand_096 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
34 S_strand_095 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
35 S_strand_094 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
36 S_strand_093 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
37 S_strand_092 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
38 S_strand_091 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000
39 S_strand_090 1339.943 140.000 1863.260 1569.060 195000.000

2.Ultimate Moment Resistance


Positive Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 1586.912 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 10318.072 0.000 0.000 6566.334 1.57136
2 362.500 7798.699 0.000 0.000 7449.624 1.04686
3 181.250 4930.000 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.66178
4 271.875 7083.013 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.95079
5 317.188 7445.148 0.000 0.000 7449.624 0.99940
- Calculate Fc(g), Fc(s), Fs, Fp (EN 1992-1-1:2004, Fig 3.5, Fig 6.1)
Fc(g) = ( (g)fcd(g))Aca(g) = 960.498 kN : Compression Force for Girder
Fc(s) = ( (s)fcd(s))Aca(s) = 6484.650 kN : Compression Force for Slab
Fs' = fs'As' = 0.000 kN : Compression reinforcement Force
Fs = fsAs = 0.000 kN : Tension Force in reinforcement
Fp = Fpi = 7449.624 kN : Tension Force in Tendon
where, a = x = 253.750 mm
x = 317.188 mm : neutral axis depth
Aca(g) = 42374.928 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for girder part
Aca(s) = 381450.000 mm2 : Area of rectangular con'c stress block for slab part
As' = 0.000 mm2 : Compression reinforcement areas
As = 0.000 mm2 : Tension reinforcement areas

StressEff fpi Api Fpi


Num pi p(0)i pi
(MPa) (MPa) (mm2) (kN)
S_strand_109 760.798 0.00962 0.00390 0.01352 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_108 760.723 0.00962 0.00390 0.01352 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_107 760.686 0.00962 0.00390 0.01352 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_106 760.687 0.00962 0.00390 0.01352 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_105 760.726 0.00962 0.00390 0.01352 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_104 760.803 0.00962 0.00390 0.01352 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_103 760.919 0.00962 0.00390 0.01352 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_102 761.072 0.00962 0.00390 0.01352 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_101 758.065 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_100 758.066 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_117 813.052 0.00962 0.00417 0.01379 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_116 813.059 0.00962 0.00417 0.01379 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_115 813.057 0.00962 0.00417 0.01379 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_114 813.062 0.00962 0.00417 0.01379 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_113 798.611 0.00962 0.00410 0.01371 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_112 798.612 0.00962 0.00410 0.01371 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_111 761.063 0.00962 0.00390 0.01352 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_110 760.912 0.00962 0.00390 0.01352 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_079 756.078 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_089 755.437 0.00962 0.00387 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_088 755.483 0.00962 0.00387 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_087 755.486 0.00962 0.00387 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_086 755.566 0.00962 0.00387 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_085 755.571 0.00962 0.00387 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_084 755.692 0.00962 0.00388 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_083 755.699 0.00962 0.00388 0.01349 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_082 755.859 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_081 755.868 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_080 756.068 0.00962 0.00388 0.01350 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_099 758.104 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_098 758.107 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_097 758.183 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_096 758.188 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_095 758.303 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_094 758.310 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_093 758.462 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_092 758.471 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_091 758.660 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
S_strand_090 758.671 0.00962 0.00389 0.01351 1364.400 140.000 191.016
Fp = ( Fpi ) = 7449.624
where, StressEff = p(0)iEpi
pi : concrete strain at tendon depth under fracture state
p(0)i : tendon strain under the effective Prestressing stress
pi = pi + p(0)i
fpi = min( pi Epi, fpd)
fpd = fp0,1k / s
Fpi = fpiApi

- Calculate moment resistance, MRd


MRd = Fc(g)ac(g) + Fc(s)ac(s) + Fsas + ( Fpiapi )
= 8034.734 kNm MEd = 1586.912 kNm OK
where,
ac(g), ac(s), as, ap is the distance from the neutral axis to the centroid of the stress block in concrete, RF, TD

Negative Moment
1 Check Moment Resistance, MR,d
- Design Load
Load Combination Name : cLCB1
Design Situations : Persistent & Transient
Load Combination Type : -
MEd = 0.000 kNm

- factor , and factor


(g) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 0.800 ( fck 50 MPa)
(g) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)
(s) = 1.000 ( fck 50 MPa)

- Design strength of concrete (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.1.6(1))


Girder : fcd(g) = ccfck(g) / c = 22.667 MPa
Slab : fcd(s) = ccfck(s) / c = 17.000 MPa

- Design strength of Reinforcement (EN 1992-1-1:2004, 3.2.7)


Girder : fyd(g) = fyk(g) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa
Slab : fyd(s) = fyk(s) / s_rebar = 434.783 MPa

- Calculate Neutral Axis


1) Assume neutral axis depth.
2) Calculate the strain of steel and tendon.
3) Calculate the stress of steel and tendon.
4) Calculate the axial force in concrete, steel, and tendon.
5) Check if the resultant force of cross-section is zero.
6) Repeat step 1 through 5 until the resultant force becomes zero.
Neutral Compression Force ( C ) Tension Force ( T )
(kN) (kN) Ratio
Num. depth
(C/T)
(mm) Concrete Reinforcement Reinforcement Tendon
1 725.000 6361.491 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
2 362.500 4608.047 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
3 181.250 2441.613 0.000 0.000 5823.179 0.41929
4 271.875 3651.452 0.000 0.000 0.000 ###
5 226.563 3051.451 0.000 0.000 4749.619 0.642