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OPERATING HANDBOOK

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COMMANDER 114 an
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P/N M114001-1
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Print Date. 1 O/1 /98


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GULFSTREAM COMMANDER

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ISSUED: 21 FEBRUARY 1976


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REVISED: 16 JULY 1986


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MANUFACTURERS SERIAL NO. ____________________ _


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REGISTRATION NO. ____________________________ _


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FAA Approved in Normal Category based on FAR 23. This document


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must be carried in the airplane at all times.


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This Handbook includes the material required to be furnished to the


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pilot by FAR 23 and constitutes the Approved Airplane Flight Manual.


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This Handbook should not be used for operation purposes unless it is


maintained in a current status.

FAA Approved tl t!Ja~---"


A.C.
tJ ~ ~
L!JI -

DEL OP PC-203

QII
Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation
Wiley Post Airport
P.O. Box 22500 PIN M114001 1
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73123
GCLFSTREAM PILOT'S
CQ;\Il\IANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES
114

LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES

THE TOTAL NUMBER OF PAGES IN THIS HANDBOOK IS 173 CONSISTING OF THE FOLLOWING.
THIS TOTAL DOES NOT INCLUDE THE SUPPLEMENTS PROVIDED IN SECTION IX.

Page Date Page Date Page Date


Title. . . . . . . . . . . . .. 7/16/86 4-4 .............. 12/16/77 5-38 .............. 4/22/77
A ............... 7f16/86 4-5 .............. 12/16/77 5-39 .............. 4/22/77
B ............... 7/16/86 4-6 .............. 2/17/78 5-40 .............. 4/22/77
i ................. Original 4-7 .............. 4/11/80 5-41 .............. 4/22/77
ii Blank ........... Original 4-8 .............. 4/11/80 5-42 ...... '" ..... 4/22/77
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1-1 ................ 4/6/77 4-9 .............. 4/11/80 5-43 .............. 4/22/77


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1-2 ............... 10/1/76 4-10 .............. 4/11/80 5-44 .............. 4/22/77


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1-3 ............... 4/11/80 4-11 ............... 4/6/77 5-45 .............. 4/22/77


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1-4 ................ 4/6/77 4-12 .............. 4/11/80 5-46 .............. 4/22/77


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1-4A ............... 4/6/77 5-1 ............... 4/22/77 5-47 .............. 4/22/77


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1-4B Blank .......... 4/6/77 5-2 ............... 4/22/77 5-48 .............. 4/22/77
1-5 ............... 10/1/76 5-3 ............... 4/22/77 5-49 Blank ......... 4/22/77
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1-6 .............. 12/16/77 5-4 ............... 4/22/77 5-50 .............. 4/22/77


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1-7 ................ 4/6/77 5-5 ............... 4/22/77 5-51 .............. 4/22/77


1-8 ............... 10/1/76 5- 6 ............... 4/22/77 5-52 .............. 4/22/77
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2-1 .............. 2/17/78 5-7 ............... 4/22/77 5-53 .............. 4/22/77


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2-2 ................ 4/6/77 5-8 ............... 4/22/77 5-54 .............. 4/22/77


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2-3 .............. 12/16/77 5-9 ............... 4/22/77 5-55 .............. 4/22/77


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2-4 .............. 12/16/77 5-10 .............. 4/22/77 5-56 .............. 4/22/77


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2-4A . . . . . . . . . . . .. 2/17/78 5-11 .............. 4/22/77 5-57 .............. 4/22/77


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2-4B ............... 4/6/77 5-12 .............. 4/12/77 5-58 .............. 4/22/77


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2-5 ............... 9/25/78 5-13 .............. 4/22/77 5-59 .............. 4/22/77


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2-6 ............... 2/17/78 5-14 .............. 4/22/77 5-60 .............. 4/22/77


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2-7 ............... 4/12/76 5-15 .............. 4/22/77 5-61 .............. 4/22/77


2-8 ................ 4/6/77
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5-16 .............. 4/22/77 5-62 .............. 4/22/77


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2-9 ................ 4/6/77 5-17 .............. 4/22/77 5-63 .............. 4/22/77


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2-10 Blank ......... 4/6/77 5-18 .............. 4/22/77 5-64 .............. 4/22/77
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3-1 ............... Original 5-19 .............. 4/22/77 5-65 .............. 4/22/77


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3-2 ............... Original 5-20 .............. 4/22/77 5-66 '" ........... 4/22/77
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3-3 ................ 4/6/77 5-21 .............. 4/22/77 5-67 .............. 4/22/77


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3-4 ................ 4/6/77 5-22 .............. 4/22/77 5-68 .............. 4/22/77


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3-5 ................ 4/6/77 5-23 .............. 4/22/77 5-69 .............. 4/22/77


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3-6 ................ 4/6/77 5-24 ............. 4/22/77 5-70 .............. 4/22/77


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3-7 ................ 4/6/77 5-25 .............. 4/22/77 5-71 .............. 4/22/77


3-8 ............... Original 5-26 .............. 4/22/77 5-72 .............. 4/22/77
3-9 ................ 3/3/77 5-27 .............. 4/22/77 6-1 ............... 10/1/76
3-10 ............... 4/6/77 5-28 .............. 4/22/77 6-2 ............... Original
3-11 .............. Original 5-29 .............. 4/22/77 6-3 ............... 10/1/76
3-12 .............. Original 5-30 .............. 4/22/77 6-4 ............... 10/1/76
3-13 .............. Original 5-31 .............. 4/22/77 6-5 ............... 10/1/76
3-14 .............. 2/17/78 5-32 .............. 4/22/77 6-6 ............... 10/1/76
3-15 ............. 2/17/78 5-33 .............. 4/22/77 6-7 ................ 3/3/77
3-16 Blank ........ Original 5-34 .............. 4/22/77 6-8 ................ 3/3/77
4-1 ................ 4/11/80 5-35 .............. 4/22/77 6-9 ............... 10/1/76
4-2 ................ 4/11/80 5-36 .............. 4/22/77 6-10 ............... 4/6/77
4-3 ............... 10/1/76 5-37 .............. 4/22/77 7-1 ............... 10/1/76

INSERT LATEST CHANGED PAGES. DESTROY SUPERSEDED PAGES.

Issued: 21 February 1976 A


Revised: 16 July 1986
PI LOT'S GULFSTREAM
LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES OPERATING HANDBOOK COMMANDER
114

LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES (CONTD)

Date

7-2 ............... 12/16/77


7-2A .............. 2/17/78
7-2B Blank ......... 12/16/77
7-3 ............... 12/16/77 Supplements (Refer to
7-4 .. , ............. 10/1/76 Section IX Log of
7-5 ................ Original Supplements)
7-6 ............... 12/16/77
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7-7 ............... 2/17/78 FAA Approved: 16 July 1986


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7-8 ............... 12/16/77


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7-9 ............... 12/16/77


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7-10 .............. 12/16/77


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7-1OA ............. 12/16/77


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7-10B ............. 2/17/78 Delegation Option PC-203


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7-11 .. .. . .. .. .. .... 4/11/80


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7-12 ............... 12/16/77


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7 -13 ................. 4/6/77


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7-14 ............... 12/16/77


7-15 ................. 3/3/77 Revision 1 5-18-76
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7-16 ................ 10/1/76 Revision 2 6-21-76


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7-17 ................ 10/1/76 Revision 3


7-18 ............... 12/16/77 Revision 4 3-03-77
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7-19 ................ 10/1/76 Revision 5 4-06-77


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7-20 ................. 7/16/86 Re'vision 6 4-22-77


7-21 ................ 10/1/76 Revision 7 12-16-77
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7-22 ................. 3/3/77 Revision 8 2-17-78


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7-23 ................ 10/1/76 Revision 9 9-25-78


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7 - 24 ................ 10/1/76 Revision 10 4-11-80


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8-1 ................ Original Revision 11 7/16/86


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8-2 ................ Original


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8-3 ................ Original


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8-4 ................ Original


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8- 5 ................ 10/1/76
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8-6 ................ 5-18/76


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8-7 ................ 10/1/76


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8-8 ................ 10/1/76


8-9 ................. 3/3/77
8-10 ................. 3/3/77
8-11. ............... 5/18/76
8-12 ................ Original

INSERT LATEST CHANGED PAGES. DESTROY SUPERSEDED PAGES.

B Issued: 21 February 1976


Revised: 16 July 1986
ROCKWELL PILOT'S
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK TABLE OF CONTENTS
114

Tobie of Contents

SECTION I ................................................... GENERAL


SECTIOI'J II ................................................. LIMITATIONS
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SECTION III ................................ EMERGENCY PROCEDURES


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SECTION IV .................................... NORMAL PROCEDURES


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SECTION V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. PERFORMANCE
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SECTION VI ................... WEIGHT & BALANCE/EQUIPMENT LIST


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SECTION VII ..................... AIRPLANE & SYSTEMS DESCRIPTION


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SECTION VIII ....... AIRPLANE HANDLlI'JG, SERVICE & MAINTENANCE


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SECTION IX .............................................. SUPPLEMENTS


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Issued: 21 February 1976 Vii


ROCKWELL PILOTS
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION I
114 GENERAL

SECTION I

GENERAL

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page Page
INTRODUCTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l- 1 Baggage Space and Entry Dimensions . . . . . . l-4A <>
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CONTENTS OF HANDBOOK DBOOK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-l Specific Loadings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-5


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REVISING THE HANDBOOK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2 SYMBOLS, ABBREVIATIONS AND


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AIRPLANE DIMENSIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-2 TERMINOLOGY .......................... l-5


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DESCRIPTIVE DATA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-2 General Airspeed Terminology


and Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-5
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Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-2
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Propeller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-2 Meteorological Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5


l-2 Power Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-6
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Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-2 Engine Controls and Instruments . . . . . . . . . . l-6


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maximum Certificated Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . l-4 Airplane Performance and Flight


l-4 Planning Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-6
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Minimum Certificated Weights . . . . . . . . . . . .


Standard Airplane Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-4A Weight and Balance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-7
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Cabin and Entry Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-4A DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-8


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INTRODUCTION
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This handbook must be read carefully by the owner and operator in order to become familiar with the operation
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of the Rockwell Commander 114. This handbook includes the material required to be furnished to the pilot by
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FAR Part 23 and constitutes the Approved Airplane Flight Manual. It also contains additional data supplied
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by the airframe manufacturer. The FAA Approved data is identified by the notation Data on this page is F.A.A.
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Approved at the bottom of each page, as applicable.


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CONTENTS OF HANDBOOK

The Pilots Operating Handbook is designed to contain information necessary for safe and efficient operation of
the Rockwell Commander 114. The handbook is divided into nine sections as follows:

Section I General Section VI Weight and Balance/Equipment List

Section II Limitations Section VII Airplane and Systems Description

Section III Emergency Procedures Section VIII Airplane Handling, Service and
Maintenance
Section IV Normal Procedures
Section IX Supplements
Section V Performance

Issued: 21 February 1976 l-l


Revised: 16 July 1986 11986986
PILOT'S ROCKWELL
SECTION I OPERATING HANDBOOK COMMANDER
GENERAL 114

NOTE
Since a large number of Rockwell Commander 114's are equipped
with different varieties of optional equipment, the illustrations
shown in this handbook \\'ill not be typical of every airplane.

REVISING THE HANDBOOK

The "List of Effective contains a list of all pages in the Pilot's Operating Handbook and their issue date.
When a page of the handbook is re'vised or changed, the "List of Effective Pages" will reflect the revision num-
ber and date of that revision. Upon receipt of revised pages from Rockwell International , the revised pages
must be inserted in the handbook and the obsoleted pages removed and destroyed.

NOTE
It is the responsibility of the pilot to assure this handbook is current
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when using it to operate the Rockwell Commander 114.


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AIRPLANE DIMENSIONS
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See Figure 1-1.


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DESCRIPTIVE DATA
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ENGINE
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One Lycoming IO-540-T4A5D (Serial Numbers 14000 thru 14149)


IO-540-T4B5D (Serial Number 14150 and Subs.)
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Engine Type: Reciprocating, normally-aspirated, fuel injected, direct-drive, air-cooled, horizontally-


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opposed, six-cylinder, 541. 5 cubic inch displacement.


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Maximum Horsepower Rating: 260 BHP at 2700 RPM.


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PROPEllER
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One constant speed, hydraulically actuated, two-bladed Hartzell propeller, Model Number HC-C2YR-
IBF/F8467-7R. Diameter: 77 inches. Pitch Change: 14.20 (low pitch) to 30 0 (high pitch) at Pro-
peller Station 30. O.

FUEL

Approved Fuel Grade (Color): 100/130 Aviation Fuel (Green). 100 LL Aviation Fuel (Blue) is an
approved alternate.
Total Fuel Capacity: 70 Gallons.
Usable Fuel Capacity: 68 Gallons.

OIL

TYPES (Specifications) MINERAL ASHLESS DISPERSANT


(MIL-L-6082B) (MIL-L-22851)

1-2 Issued: 21 February 1976


n_ .. ..: -.""..J.. .. 1"""\_4_t.. __ l' f\,.,C
ROCKWELL PILOT'S
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION I
114 GENERAL

25' - 0 . 5 0 " - - - - - - - - ' 1 _ _

1
8'-5"

NOTE
TURN RADIUS CAN BE REDUCED BY
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USING HEAVY DIFFERENTIAL


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BRAKING. THIS PROCEDURE MAY


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RESULT IN REDUCED TIRE LIFE DUE


TO SCRUBBING OF INBOARD AND
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NOSE WHEEL TI RE.


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TOTAL WING
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AREA 152 SQ FT
NORMAL TURN
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RADIUS
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1------------- 32' - 9.10" - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1

f.-==""""=......J..l<--- 77" DIA. MAX.


c::.a:::::::::::::::::::=:-__-.i1

.....----10' - 11.40,,-1

X161A

Figure 1-1. Airplane Dimensions


Issued: 21 February 1976 1-3
PILOT'S ROCKWELL
SECTION I OPERATING HANDBOOK COMlVIANDER
GENERAL 114

Grades and Recommended :MINERAL


Operating Temperatures: (:MIL-L-6082B) A MBIENT AIR TEMP.

SAE 50 Above 600F


SAE 40 300 to gOOF
SAE 30 0 to 70F
SAE 20 Below 10F

ASHLESS DISPERSANT
(rvllL-L-22851) AMBIENT AIR TEMP.

SAE 50 or 40 Above 60 0 F
SAE 40 30 to 90F
SAE 40 or SAE 30 0 to 700 F
SAE 30 Below 100F

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For more detailed information concerning oil servicing, refer to the


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airplane maintenance manual.


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Total Oil Capacity: 8 Quarts Normal Oil Quantity Operating Range: 6 to 8 Quarts
Minimum Safe Oil Quantity: 2 Quarts
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MAXI MUM CERTIFICATED WEIGHTS


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NOI.

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Utility Category applicable to Serial Numbers 14000 thru 14254 with


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Custom Kit No. CK-114-1 installed, and Serial Numbers 14255 and Subs.
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Maximum Takeoff Weight: Maximum Zero Fuel Weight 2852 Ibs from 24.

I Normal Category 3140 Ibs. for Normal Category MAC to 31.5% MAC
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Utility Category 2800 lbs. 2250 Ibs at 12% MAC


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varying linearly to
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Maximum Landing Weight: 3140 lbs 2852 lbs at 24.7% MAC.


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Ma:timum Weight in Baggage


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Compartment: 200 Ibs. Maximum Zero Fuel Weight 2500 lbs from 17.27%
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for Utility Category MAC to 26.0% MAC


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2250 Ibs at 12% MAC


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varying linearly to
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2500 lbs at 17.27% MAC .


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MINIMUM CERTIFICATED WEIGHTS

Minimum Weight - Normal Category Minimum Weight - Utility Category


2023 lbs at 12.00% MAC to 2023 Ibs at 12.00% !viAC to
2028 ihs at 14.70% MAC to 2028 Ibs at 14.70% !viAC to
2266 Ibs at 26.00% l\{AC to 2266 Ibs at 26.00% !viAC.
2503 Ibs at 31. 50% !viAC.

NOI.
Straight line variation between points.

1-4 Issued: 21 February 1976


Revised: 6 April 1977
ROCKWELL PilOT'S
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION I
114 GENERAL

STANDARD AIRPLANE WEIGHTS

Standard Airplane Weight for Standard Useful Load for


Serial Numbers 14000 thru 14149: 1840 lbs Serial Numbers 14000 thru 14149: 1300 Ibs

Standard Empty Weight for Standard Useful Load for


Serial Numbers 14150 and Subs: 1885 Ibs Serial Numbers 14150 and Subs: 1255 Ibs

CABIN AND ENTRY DIMENSIONS

Maximum Cabin Width: 47 in. Minimum Entry Width: 18 in.


Maximum Cabin Length: 75 in. Minimum Entry Height: 34 in.
Maximum Compartment : 49 in. Minimum Door Sill Height: 11 in.

BAGGAGE SPACE AND ENTRY DIMENSIONS


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Compartment Width: 44 in. Front Compartment Volume: 22 eu.ft.


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40 in. Rear Minimum Entry Width: 21 in.


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Compartment Length: 28 in. Minimum Entry Height: 18 in.


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Compartment Height: 36 in.


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Issued: 6 April 1977 1-4A/1-4B


ROCKWELL PilOT'S
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION I
114 GENERAL

SPECIFIC LOADINGS

Wing Loading: 20.7 Ibs /sq . it. Power Loading: 12.1Ibs/hp.

SYMBOLS, ABBREVIATIONS AND TERMINOLOGY

GENERAL AIRSPEED TERMINOlOGY AND SYMBOLS

CAS Calibrated Airspeed means the indicated speed of an aircrait, corrected for position and instru-
ment error. Calibrated airspeed is equal to True Airspeed in a standard atmosphere at sea level.

KCAS Calibrated Airspeed expressed in "Knots".

_G_l',_.lU_r_ld----'__ is the speed of the aircrait relative to the ground.

lAS Indicated Airspeed is the speed of an aircrait as shown in the airspeed indicator when corrected
for \,:,;trument error. lAS values published in this handbook assumes zero instrument error.
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KIAS Indicated Airspeed expressed in "Knots".


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TAS True Airspeed is the airspeed of an airplane relative to undisturbed air and is the CAS corrected
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for altitude, temperature and compressibility.


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Maneuvering Speed is the maximum speed at which application of maximum available aerody-
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namic control will not overstress the airplane.


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Maximum Flap Extended Speed is the highest speed permissible with wing flaps in a prescribed
extended position.
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VLE Maximum Landing Gear Extended Speed is the maximum speed at which an aircrait can be saiely
flown with the landing gear extended.
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Ma.ximum Landing Gear Operating Speed is the maximum speed at which the landing gear can be
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safely ex1:ended or retracted.


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or mach number is the speed limit that may not be exceeded at any time.
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VKO Max> ~'l1n Structural Cruising Speed or Mach Number is the speed that should not be exceeded
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MKO except in smooth air and then only with caution.


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Vs Stalling Speed 01' the minimum steady flight speed at which the aircraft is controllable.
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VSO Stalling Speed or the minimum steady flight speed at which the airplane is controllable in the
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landing confi guration.


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Vx Best Angle of Climb Speed is the airspeed which delivers the greatest gain of altitude in the
shortest possible horizontal distance.

Vy Best Rate-of-Climb Speed is the airspeed which delivers the greatest gain in altitude in the
shortest possible time.

METEOROlOGICAL TERMINOLOGY ;

ISA International Standard Atmosphere in which


(1) The air is a dry perfect gas;
(2) The temperature at Sea Level is 15 0 Celsius (590 Fahrenheit);
(3) The pressure at Sea Level is 29.92 inches Hg. (1013.2 Millibars);
(4) The temperature gradient from sea level to the altitude at which the temperature is
-56.6 o C (-69.7 0 F) is -O.00198 o C (-O.003566 0 F) per foot and Zero above that altitude.

OAT Outside Air Temperature is the free air static temperature obtained either from inflight tem-
perature indications or ground meteorological sources, corrected for instrument error and
compressibility effects.

Issued: 21 February 1976 1-5


PILOT'S ROCKWELL
SECTION I OPERATING HANDBOOK COMMANDER
GENERAL 114

Indicated The number actually read from an altimeter when the barometric subscale has been set to
Pressure 29.92 inches Hg. (1013.2 Millibars).
Altitude

I'res:-;ure Altitude measured from standard sea level pressure (29.92 In. Hg.) by a pressure or barometric
AltItude altimeter. It is the indicated pressure altitude corrected for position and instrument error. In
this handbook, altimeter instrument errors are assumed to be zero.

Station Actual atmospheric pressure at field elevation.


Pressure

Wind The wind velocities recorded as variables on the charts of mis handbook are to be understood
as the headwind or tailwind components of me reported winds.

POWER TERMINOLOGY

MCP Maximum Continuous Power (MCP) is the maximum power rating not limited by time. It is
obtained by setting full throttle at 2700 RPM, full rich mixture setting. For this airplane,
the takeoff power limitation is me same as maximum continious power.

Leaning Above 75%: Full rich only.


Procedure
75% and Below: BEST POWER: This mixture guarantees, for a given manifold pressure and
engine speed setting that maximum power is obtained from me engine. It is
recommended mat me best power mixture be determined by using me EGT
gauge to determine the peak temperatures and then enrichening me fuel mixture
until the EGT decreases by 100 degrees Fahrenheit from peak.
BEST ECONOMY: This mixture guarantees for a given manifold pressure and
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engine speed setting the minimum acceptable fuel flow rates for a particular
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power level. It is recommended mat the best economy mixture be determined


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by setting peak EGT. For flight planning purposes use schedules on fuel flow
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rates found in Section V.


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ENGINE CONTROLS AND INSTRUMENTS


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Throttle A control in the cockpit that enables the pilot to control manifold pressure.
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Propeller A control in the cockpit that enables the pilot to adjust propeller speed.
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Mixture A control in the cockpit that enables the pilot to control the fuel/air ratio.
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Alternate A control in the cockpit that enables the pilot to select induction air from an alternate
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Air Control sheltered source.


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EGT Exhaust Gas Temperature is the temperature of me exhaust gases measured in the exhaust riser
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of cylinder No.2. As a direct relationship exists between EGT and fuel/air ratio,leaning is often
ig

accomplished with reference to the peak EGT.


h
ts

Tachometer An instrument that indicates engine speed


R

0
es

I
er

'v1anifold An instrument that indicates me pressure in the induction air manifold.


ve

Pressure
d

Gage
Propeller An engine component located on me engine which maintains a selected propeller RPM, and is
Governor set by the propeller control.

AIRPLANE PERFORMANCE AND FLIGHT PLANNING TERMINOLOGY

Climb The ratio of me height gained during some period of a climb, to the horizontal distance traversed
Gradient in the same time interval.

1-6 Issued: 21 February 1976


Hpv; "",r!' 1 f) n",,,pmhp.,. H17?
ROCKWELL PILOT'S
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION I
114 GENERAL

Demon- The demonstrated crosswind velocity (19kts) is the velocity of the crosswind component for
strated which adequate control of the airplane during takeoff and landing was actually demonstrated dur-
Crosswind ing certification tests. The value shown is not considered to be limiting.
\' elocity

\1,\ Minimum enroute I FR altitude.

Route A part of a route. Each end of that part is identified by: (1) a geographical location; or (2) a
Se"lllcnt point at which a definite radio fix can be established.

WEIGHT AND BALANCE

Heference An imaginary vertical plane from which all horizontal distances are measured for balance pur-
Datum poses.

Fu A location along the airplane fuselage in terms of distance from the reference datum.
Station

Arm The horizontal distance from the reference datum to the center of gravity (C. G.) of an item.

:\loment The product of the weight of an item multiplied by its arm. (For convenience, moment is some-
times quoted in 1000's of In-Lbs to reduce the number of digits.)

Tare The weight of chocks, blocks, stands, etc., that were on the scales when the airplane was
weighed. The weight of these items or other items present during weighing which will not be
present during flight has to be subtracted from the scale reading(s) to determine the actual
weight of the airplane.
C

Center of The datum station about which an airplane would balance, if suspended. Its distance from the
op

Gravity reference datum is found by dividing the total moment by the total weight of the airplane.
yr

(C.G.)
ig
ht

C.G. The arm obtained by adding the airplane's individual moments and dividing the sum by the total
C

AEl1
om

weight.
m

C.G. Limits The extreme center of gravity locations within which the airplane must be operated at a given
an

weight. (See Section IT, Limitations.)


de
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Usable Fuel Fuel available for flight planning (68 U.S. gallons).
w off
ne ic

Unusable Fuel remaining after a runout test has been completed in accordance with governmental regula-
rs ial

Fuel tions.
G co
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Payload Weight of occupants, cargo and baggage.


up y*
20 *

Maximum Maximum weight approved for start of takeoff run.


13

Takeoff
Weight
Al
l R

Maximum Maximum weight approved for landing touchdown.


ig
ht

Landing
s

Weight
R
es

Maximum Maximum weight exclusive of usable fuel.


er

Zero Fuel
ve

Weight
d

Minimum
Flying
Weight
Minimum weight approved for all operations.

The following terms apply to Serial Numbers 14000 thru 14149:


I
Airplane as The airplane as specified per Sales Order plus full oil, full operating fluids and no fuel.
Weighed

Issued: 21 February 1976 1-7


PilOT'S ROCKWELL
SECTION I OPERATING HANDBOOK COMMANDER
GENER6,L 114

Corrected
Empty
Weight
Standard airplane weight plus optional equipment, unusable fuel and minus drainable oil.

Corrected empty weight minus optional equipment.


St:ll:chrd
Ai rplan

Loading Corrected empty weight plus drainable oil and 170 pound pilot.
Sub-total

Useful Load Difference between takeoff weight, or ramp weight if applicable, and corrected empty weight.

I Standard
Useful Load
Difference between takeoff weight, or ramp weight it applicable, and standard airplane weight.

The following terms apply to Serial Number 14150 and Subs:


C

Standard Standard airplane with unusable fuel, full oil, full hydraulic and operating fluids, standard inter-
op

Empty ior, seating, instruments, accessories and all other standard equipment. No optional avionics
yr

or miscellaneous equipment.
ig
ht

Airplane The airplane as specified per sales order, plus full oil, full hydraulic and operating fluids and
C
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As Weighed unusable fuel.


m
an

Basic Airplane as weighed plus ballast for optional equipment, if required.


Empty
de

Weight
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Dry Basic empty weight minus all oil, all unusable fuel and aU hydraulic and operating fluids.
ne ic

Empty
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Weig.l)t
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up y*

Empty Basic empty weight minus drainable oil.


Wei!ilit
20 *
13

Standard Dry empty weight of a standard airplane (no optional equipment or associated ballast).
Al

Dry Empty
l

Weight
R
ig
ht

Standard Difference between takeoff weight, or ramp weight if applicable, and standard empty weight.
s

Useful
R
es

Load
er
ve

Useful Difference between takeoff weight, or ramp weight if applicable, and basic empty weight.
d

Load

DEFINITIONS

WAR~lNG Operating procedures, techniques, etc. , which could result in personal injury or loss
of life if not carefully followed.

CAUTION Operating procedures, techniques, etc., which could result in damage to equipment if
not carefully followed.

NOTE An operating procedure, technique, etc., which is considered essential to emphasize.

1-8 Issued: 21 February 1976


T:)"" ... ...; .... ""'..;J . . . A ....... ,.,l.- _ _ 'In,.,a
ROCKWELL PILOT'S
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION II
114 LIMITATIONS

SECTION II

LIMIT ATIONS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page Page
INTRODUCTION ........................... 2- 1 BAGGAGE COMPARTMENT ............... 2- 4A
C

AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS ...... " ..... , ..... 2- 1 MANEUVER LIMITS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 2- 5


op

AIRSPEED INDICATOR MARKINGS .......... 2- 2 Normal Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 2- 5


y rig

POWER PLANT LIMITATIONS .............. 2- 3 Utility Category. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 2- 5


ht

Engine ................................ 2- 3 FLIGHT LOAD FACTOR LIMITS. . . . . . . . . . . .. 2- 5


C

POWER PLANT INSTRUMENT MARKINGS. . .. 2- 3 Normal Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 2- 5


om

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM LIMITS ............. 2- 4 Utility Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 2- 5


m

SEATS .................................... 2- 4 TYPES OF OPERATION .................... 2- 6


an

WEIGHT LIMITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 2- 4 FUEL LIMITATIONS ....................... 2- 7


de *

CEN"TER OF GRAVITY LIMITS. . . . . . . . . . . . .. 2- 4 EXHAUST GAS TEMPERATURE LIMITATIONS 2- 7


r O *un

Normal Category .. , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 2- 4A PLACARDS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 2- 7


Utility Category .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 2- 4A
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rs ial

INTRODUCTION
G co
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up y*

This section of the Pilot's Operating Handbook presents the various operating limitations, the significance of
20 *

such limitations, instrument markings, color coding and basic placards necessary for the safe operation of the
13

airplane, its powerplant, standard systems and standard equipment.


Al
lR

The Limitations included in this section have been approved by the Federal Aviation Administration. For
ig

additional limitations refer to FAA Type Certificate Data Sheet # A12S0.


ht
s
R
es

AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS
er
ve
d

NOTE
Utility Category is applicable to Serial Numbers 14000 thru 14254 with
Custom Kit No. CK-114-1 installed, and Serial Numbers 14255 and Subs.

SPEED KCAS KIAS REMARKS

Maneuvering Normal Category Do not make full or abrupt control


118 (3140 lbs) 116 movements above this speed.
VA 109 (2658 Ibs) 107
95 (2023 lbs) 93

Utility Category
120 (2800 Ibs) 118
107 (2250 Ibs) 105
102 (2023 Ibs) 100

Figure 2-1. Airspeed limitations (Sheet 1 of 2)

Issued: 21 February 1976 DATA ON THIS PAGE IS F.A.A. APPROVED 2-1


Pnn"icnA. 1'7 v ..... 'h_,.r>._.~ 1n""O
PILOT'S ROCKWELL
SECTION II OPERATING HANDBOOK COMMANDER
LIMIT ATIONS 114

SPEED KCAS KIAS REMARKS

Maximum Flap 150 (0-20 0 ) 150 Do not exceed this speed with a
Extended 120 (20-25 0 ) 120 gi ven flap setting.
109 (25-35 0 ) 109

J\I:ndmum Landing Do not extend or retract landing


Gear Ope rating 130 129 gear above this speed.
VLO

Maximum Land- 186 187 Do not exceed this speed with


ing Gear Extended landing gear extended. Do not
VLE exceed VNE'

Never Exceed 186* (SL-12, 500 ft) 187 Do not exceed this speed
VNE 175 (16,000 ft) 175 in any operation.
161 (20,000 ft) 160
147 (24,000 ft) 145
C
op

Ma:umum Struc- 148* (SL-12,500 ft) 147


yr

Do not exceed this speed except


ig

tural Cruising 139 (16, 000 ft) 137 in smooth air and then only with
ht

VNO 128 (20,000 ft) 126 caution.


C

117 (24, 000 ft) 115


om
m
an

Maximum Cowl Do not exceed this speed with the


de

Flaps Open** 130 129 cowl flaps open.


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Ma.ximum Do not exceed this speed with the


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Side Vlindow 130 129 side window open.


G co

Open
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up y*

~Straight Line Variation between points. **Serial Numbers 14000 thru 14149 only.
20 *
13

Figure 2-1. Airspeed limitations (Sheet 2 of 2)


Al
l
R
ig

AIRSPEED INDICATOR MARKINGS


ht
s
R
es

MAR.K.ING KCAS KlAS SIGNIFICANCE


er
ve

White Arc 53-109 58-108 Full Flap Operating Range. Lower limit is
d

maximum weight stalling speed in landing


conti gura ti on. Upper limit is maximum
speed allowable with flaps fully extended.

Green Arc 60-148 65-147 Normal Operating Range. Lower limit is


maximum weight stalling speed with flaps
and landing gear retracted. Upper limit
is maximum structural cruising speed.

Yellow Arc 148-186 147-187 Operations must be conducted with caution.

Red Line 186 187 Maximum Speed for ALL operations.

NOTE: Airspeed indicator markings are based on Calibrated Airspeeds.

Figure 2-2. Airspeed Indicator Markings

2-2 Issued: 21 February 1976


..J. ~ .. ~_':1 10'1'"
ROCh.'WELL PilOT'S
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION II
114 LIMIT ATIONS

POWER PLANT LI MIT ATIONS

ENGINE

LH'oming IO-540-T4A5D (Serial Numbers 14000 thru 14149


IO-540-T4B5D (Serial Numbers 14150 and Subs.).

Engine Operating Limits for Takeoff and Continuous Operations:

:-..raximum BHP
:\laximum RPM
:\Llximum Cylinder Head Temp.
:\laximum Oil Temperature
260
2700
500F
245F
Maximum Oil Pressure
SiN 14000 thru 14349
SiN 14350 and Subs
Minimum Fuel Injector Inlet Pressure
90 PSI
100 PSI
14 PSI
I
Minimum Oil Pressure 25 PSI Maximum Fuel Injector Inlet Pressure 45 PSI
Maximum Fuel Nozzle Pressure 9.5 PSI
C

POWER PLANT INSTRUMENT MARKINGS


op
y
rig
ht

RED LINE YELLOW ARC GREEN ARC YELLOW ARC RED LINE
C
om

INSTRUMENTS MINIMUM CAUTION NOR\1AL CAUTION MAXIMUM


LIMIT RANGE OPERATING RANGE LIMIT
m
an

- - 2200-2700 - 2700
de *

T ACHOivlET ER (RPM)
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OIL TEMPERATURE (OF) - 100-160 160-245 - 245


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CYLINDER HEAD
rs ial

TEMPERATURE (OF) - - 200-500 - 500


G co
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up y*

OIL PRESSURE (PSI)


S/N 14000 thru 14349 25 25-60 60-90 - 90
20 *

SiN 14350 and Subs 25 25-60 60-90 90-100 100


13

- - -
Al

FUEL FLOW (GPH) - 9.5 PSI


lR

(27.5 GPH)
ig
ht

FUEL PRESSURE (PSI) 14 - 14-45 - 45


s
R
es
er
ve

Figure 2-3. Power Plant Instrument Markings


d

Issued: 21 February 1976 2-3


n . . . 'f..;coA1R f"\O("OT'r"\'hOT" 1Q77
PILOT'S ROCKWELL
SECTION II OPERATING HANDBOOK COMMANDER
LIMITATIONS 114

I
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM LIMITS

Maximum allowable voltmeter reading (red line) is 16.0 volts.

SEATS

Front seats must be in upright position for takeoff and landing.

No passengers allowed in the rear seat during utility category


operations.

WEIGHT LIMITS
IIOIE
C
op

Utility Category applicable to Serial Numbers 14000 thru 14254 with


y rig

Custom Kit No. CK -114-1 installed, and 14255 and Subs.


ht

Maximum Takeoff Weight: Maximum Zero Fuel Weight 28521bs from 24.7%
C
om

Normal Category 3140 Ibs. for Normal Category MAC to 31.5% MAC
Utility Category 2800 Ibs. 2250 Ibs at 12% MAC
m
an

varying linearly to
Maximum Landing Weight: 3140 lbs. 2852 Ibs at 24.7% MAC.
de *

Maximum Weight in Baggage


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Compartment: 200 Ibs. Maximum Zero Fuel Weight 2500 lbs from 17.27%
w off

for Utility Category MAC to 26.0% :M:AC


ne ic

2250 Ibs at 12% MAC


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varying linearly to
G co

2500 Ibs at 17.27% MAC .


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up y*

Minimum Weight:
20 *
13

Normal Category Utility Category


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2023 Ibs at 12.00% MAC to 2023 lbs at 12.00% MAC to


lR

2028 Ibs at 14.70% MAC to 2028 Ibs at 14.70% MAC to


ig

2266 lbs at 26.00% MAC to 2266 Ibs at 26.00% MAC.


ht

2503 lbs at 31. 50% MAC.


s
R
es

IIOIE
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ve

Straight line variation between points.


d

2-4 DATA Dill THIS PAGE IS F.A.A. APPROVED Issued: 1 October 1976
Revised: 16 December 1977
ROCKWELL PilOT'S
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION II
114 LIMITATIONS

CENTER OF GRAVITY LIMITS


NORMAL CATEGORY
FO:r\,ard: 106.91 Inches Aft of Datum (25.0% !'vIAC) at 3140 lbs.
101.11 Inches Aft of Datum (14.5% !'vlAC) at 2658 lbs.
99.75 Inches Aft of Datum (12.0% MAC) at 2250 lbs.
99.75 Inches Aft of Datum (12. !'vIAC) at 2023 lbs.

Aft; 110.50 Inches Aft of Datum (31.5% !'vIAC) at 3140 lbs.


110.50 Inches Aft of Datum (31.5% MAC) at 2503 lbs.

Maximum Zero Fuel Weight

106.74 Inches (24.7% MAC) to 110.50 Inches (31.5% MAC) at 28521bs.


99.75 Inches (12.0% MAC) at 2250 lbs. to 106.74 Inches (24.7% MAC) at 2852 lbs.
C

UTIlITY CATEGORY
op
yr

Forward: 102.82 Inches Aft of Datum (17.57% MAC) at 2800 ibs.


ig

101.11 Inches Aft of Datum (14.5% MAC) at 26581bs.


ht

99.75 Inches Aft of Datum (12.0% MAC) at 2250 lbs.


C

99.75 Inches Aft of Datum (12.0% MAC) at 2023 Ibs.


om
m

Aft: 107.46 Inches Aft of Datum (26.0% !'vIAC) at 2800 ibs.


an

107.46 Inches Aft of Datum (26.0% !'vIAC) at 2266 Ibs.


de
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Maximum Zero Fuel Weight


w off
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102.66 Inches (17.27% MAC) to 107.46 Inches (26.0% MAC) at 2500 lbs.
rs ial

99.75 Inches (12.0% MAC) at 2250 lbs. to 102.66 Inches {17 . 27% !'vIAC} at 2500 Ibs.
G co
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up y*

NOIE
20 *

Straight line variation between points.


13
Al
l

Datum Location: Fuselage Station 0.0 Inches.


R
ig
ht

Mean Aerodynamic Chord: 55.05 Inches.


s
R

L.E. of Mean Aerodynamic Chord: Fuselage Station 93.15 Inches.


es
er
ve
d

BAGGAGE COMPARTMENT

No baggage allowed in baggage compartment during Utility Category operation.

Issued: 1 October 1976 DATA ON THIS PAGE IS F.A.A. APPROVED 2-4A


PilOT'S ROCKWELL
SECTION II OPERATING HANDBOOK COMMANDER
LIMITATIONS 114

CENTER OF GRAVITY CO MAC


12 14 15 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32

3000
U)

5c::: 2800 I-~ '~--'-'.'~--,.~.-- --, ...--


o~
~ 2600 I----+----.--..~.-..-.,.-.--.

-
V
~
;:;
C

2400
op

E-<
Ii..
yr

~
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~ 220 0 I--.-'-.'~-C'-"-'+' -_....___ .;.. ___+__.. +.. __ l .i...


C

:;;::
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de
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100 102 104 106 108 110 111


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CENTER OF GRAVITY INCHES AFT OF DATUM


G co
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up y*
20 *

CENTER OF GRAVITY % ~1AC


13

12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32
Al
l R
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ht

3000
s
R
es

~
er

5 2800
ve

o
d

p.
t
G 2600
....
~
;:;
E-< 2400
Ii..

~
U
p::; 2200
:;;::

2000

102 104 106 108 110 111


CENTER OF GRAVITY INCHES AFT OF DATUM

Figure 2-4. Flight Envelope


2-4B DATA ON THIS PAGE IS F.A.A. APPROVED Issued: 1 October 1976
ROCKWELL PilOT'S
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION II
114 LIMIT ATIONS

MANEUVER LIMITS

This airplane is certified in the Normal Category. When operated within a reduced weight and C .G. envelope
\Vei & Center of Gra\ity Limitations), the airplane is also certified in the Utility Category. The follow-
ing maneuvers are either authorized or unauthorized as indicated.

NORMAL CATEGORY

AUTHORIZED MANEUVERS

(Angle of Bank Not to Exceed 60 0 .) 118 Knots at 3140 Ibs.


109 Knots at 2658 lbs.
95 Knots at 2023 Ibs.
Chandelles (Angle of Bank Not to Exceed 60 0 .) 118 Knots at 3140 lbs.
109 Knots at 2658 Ibs.
95 Knots at 2023 lbs.
Turns (Angle of Bank Not to Exceed 60 0 .) 118 Knots at 3140 lbs.
C

109 Knots at 2658 lbs.


op

95 Knots at 2023 Ibs.


y

Stalls (Except Whip Stalls) Slow Entry Rate Only


rig
ht

NOTE
C
om

Maximum altitude loss during a wings level stall recovery is 400 feet.
m
an

Any other maneuver incidental to normal flying.


de *
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Maneuvers
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Any other intentional maneuver which involves an abrupt change in the airplanes attitude, an abnormal
rs ial

attitude, or abnormal acceleration not necessary for normal flight.


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Intentional spins are prohibited.


up y*

Inverted maneuvers are prohibited.


20 *
13

UTILITY CATEGORY
Al

AUTHORIZED MANEUVERS
lR
ig
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s

(Angle of Bank in Excess of 60 0 120 Knots at 2800 lbs.


R

.)
es

107 Knots at 2250 lbs.


er

102 Knots at 20231bs.


ve

Chandelles (Angle of Bank in Excess of 60 0 .) 120 Knots at 2800 Ibs.


d

107 Knots at 2250 Ibs.


102 Knots at 2023 lbs.
Turns (Angle of Bank in Excess of 60 0 .) 120 Knots at 2800 lbs.
107 Knots at 2250 lbs.
102 Knots at 2023 Ibs.
In addition, all maneuvers approved for Normal Category Operation.

Intentional spins and inverted maneuvers are prohibited.

FLIGHT LOAD FACTOR LIMITS


NORMAL CATEGORY

Limit Load Factors: Flaps Retracted: +3.8 G's to -1.52 G's


Flaps at 35: +2.0 G's to 0.0 G's


UTILITY CATEGORY
Limit Load Factors: Flaps Retracted: +4.4 G's to -1. 76 G's.
Flaps at 35: +2.0 G's to 0.0 G's
Issued: 21 February 1976 DATA ON THIS PAGE IS F.A.A. APPROVED 2-5
PILOT'S ROCKWELL
SECTION II OPERATING HANDBOOK COMMANDER
LIMIT ATIONS 114

TYPES OF OPERATION

This aircralt has been certificated in accordance with FAR Part 23, Amendment 7 for day and night VFR
(;peratJlllL \Vhen the instruments. systems and equipment are installed in accordance with FAR 91.33, the
aircrait is certificated for day and night IFR.

Flight into known icing conditions is prohibited.

The following list summarizes many of the instruments, systems and equipment that, depending upon the type
of operation desired, determine the basic airworthiness of the aircraft. If an instrument, system or item of
equipment is inoperative, this list should be consulted for the kind of operation intended. Should the particular
item be required, a flight should not be undertaken until suitable repairs have been made.

This li:ot addresses only operations conducted under FAR Part 91. For other types of operations, consult the
apprc:priate regulations.

INSTRUMENT, SYSTEM OR KINDS OF OPERATION


C
op

EQUIPMENT DAY VFR NIGHT VFR DAYIFR NIGHT IFR


yr
ig

Airspeed Indicator Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd


ht

Altimeter Reqd Reqd Sensitive Sensitive


C

Altimeter Altimeter
om

Altimeter - Sensitive Not Reqd Not Reqd Reqd Reqd


m

Altimeter - Encoding Reqd above Reqd above Reqd above Reqd above
an

12,500 MSL 12,500 MSL 12,500 MSL 12,500 MSL


de

Reqd in all Reqd in all Reqd in all Reqd in all


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TCA's TCA's TCA's TCA's


w off

Ma~netic Direction Indicator Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd


ne ic

Fuel Quantity Indicators Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd


rs ial

Oil Pressure Indicator Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd


G co

Oil Temperature Indicator Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd


ro p

Tachometer Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd


up y*

Cylinder Head Temperature Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd


20 *

Indicator
13

ManifDld Pressure Indicator Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd


~1aster Switch Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd
Al

Alternator Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd


R l

All Circuit Breakers Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd


ig
ht

Seat Belts for Each Occupant Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd


s

Ammeter Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd


R

Position Light System Not Reqd Reqd Not Reqd Reqd


es

Anti-Collision Light Not Reqd Reqd Not Reqd Reqd


er

Alternate Air System Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd


ve

Alternate Static Source Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd


d

Cowl Flaps Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd


Flap Position Indicator Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd
Elevator Trim Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd
Elevator Trim Indicator Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd
Emergency Gear System Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd
Auxiliary Fuel Pump Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd

Gear Position Lights


Gear Warning Bell or Horn
Reqd
Reqd
Reqd
Reqd
Reqd
Reqd
Reqd
Reqd

Issued: 21 February 1976


2-6 DATA ON THIS PAGE IS F.A.A. APPROVED Revised: 17 February 1978
ROCKWELL PILOT'S
COMMA~DER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION II
114 LIMIT ATIONS

INSTRUMENT, SYSTEM OR KINDS OF OPERATION


I EQUIPMENT DAY VFR NIGHT VFR DAYIFR NIGHT IFR

Gear Warning Light Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd


Nose \V'heel Steering Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd
Rudder Trim System Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd
Stall Warning System Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd
Propeller Governor Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd
voltmeter Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd
Battery Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd
Spinner Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd
Voltage Regulator Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd
Instrument Panel Light Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd
Fuel Pressure Indicator Reqd Reqd Reqd Reqd
Gyro, Artificial Horizon Not Reqd Not Reqd Reqd Reqd
Gyro, Directiona.l Not Reqd Not Reqd Reqd Reqd
C

Clock with Swee~\ 3econd Hand Not Reqd Not Reqd Reqd Reqd
op

OAT Gage Not Reqd Not Reqd Reqd Reqd


yr

Turn-an-:- Bank Indicator Not Reqd Not Reqd Reqd Reqd


ig
ht
C
om
m
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de
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Oxygen System Flights in excess of 30 minutes at altitudes between


w off

12,500 and 14,000 ft. MSL require the pilot to utilize


ne ic

supplemental 02. Flights in excess of 14,000 ft.


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require the pilot to utilize supplemental 02' Flights


G co

in excess of 15,000 ft. MSL require that all occupants


ro p
up y*

be provided with supplemental 02'


20 *

Emergency Locator Beacon Emergency Locator Beacons are required to be in-


13

stalled for all operations except ferrying an aircraft


Al

to location where the locator can be installed or fixed


l

or training flights that do not exceed a radius of 20


R
ig

miles from the originating airport.


ht
s
R
es
er
ve
d

FUEL LIMITATIONS

Capacity 70 Gallons

Unusable 2 Gallons

Usable 68 Gallons

EXHAUST GAS TEMPERATURE LIMITATIONS


Leaning with reference to peak Exhaust Gas Temperature (EGT) is prohibited above 75% Maximum
Continuous Power (MCP).

Operation on the lean side of peak EGT is prohibited, except momentarily to establish peak EGT.

PLACARDS - See Figure 2-5.


Issued: 21 February 1976
Revised: 12 April 1976 DATA ON THIS PAGE IS F.A.A. APPROVED 2-7
PILOT'S ROCKWELL
SECTION II OPERATING HANDBOOK COMMANDER
LIMIT A TIONS 114

MAXIMUM SPEED-
MAX. BAGGAGE COMPARTMENT WINDOW
OPEN 130K
CAPACITY 200 lBS

Near Vent Window


Baggage Door Upper Left Corner

MANEUVERING SPEEO 13140 LBSI .. 118 KCAS


MAX GEAR OPERATING SPEEO . 130 KCAS
MAX SPEEO 20 FLAP _.. 150 KCAS
MAX SPE E0 25 FLAP .... 120 KCAS
MAX SPEEO COWL fLAP OPEN .... 130 KCAS

Near Airspeed Indicator


Serial Numbers 14000 thru 14149

AU.IFTI VNE (KCASI VNO IKCASI


SL12.500 186 148 MANEUVERING ~"~ ~ [) "40 L1ISI 116 KCAS
C

16.000 175 139 MAX GEAR OPERATING SPHD 130 KCAS


20.000 161 128
op

24.000 147 117 MAX SPEED 200 fLAP . . ISO KCAS


MAX SPEED 250 FlAP . 120 KCAS
y rig

Above Altimeter
Near Airspeed Indicator
ht

Serial Number 14150 and Subs.


C
om
m
an
de *
r O *un
w off
ne ic
rs ial
G co
ro p

Center Console at Fuel Selector


up y*
20 *
13
Al
lR
ig

On Instrument Sub-panel Below


ht

Master Switch
s
R

Serial Numbers 14000 thru 14149


es
er
ve
d

FLAPS
USE 100 TO 200 FOR TAKEOFF

Under Flap Indicator

On Instrument Sub-panel Below


Master Switch
Serial Number 14150 and Subs.

Figure 2-5. Placards (Sheet 1 of 2)


2-8 Issued: 21 February 1976
ro- " ____ :1 1 (V'.,,.,
ROCKWELL PILOT'S
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION II
114 LIMITATIONS

np
0.-
:0""
:: ,",p
Or
"",
,.,:n
w-
(J-, I-
(')?
-<p
- .... "''''
:>0
" r.
",:0
(")Z
0,., Sl~ EXT ->
70
80
54
75
38
38
60
60
z'"
....
(')
::'0
>-0:
70 7 18 11 29 ~;
Pp 80 9 18 15 29 n~
90
100
85
9~)
.42
48
66
77
I-<
On "''''
>-u
"'Z
90
100
12
15
15 19 24 pp
,,-
110 104 9 23 15
120 114
57
70
91
111 ~8 ~Q 110 18 a 28 a ii
s:'"
OC "'>-
Z(J
120 21 14 33 22 00
130 122 87 137
138 130 103 164 """
r-o
~m
o:W
wo:
.... a:
130
140
25
29
33
57
39
46
52
91
OC
m;n
rn
;;: -'0 158 37 118 58 190 _m
"'u 160
180
38
48
60 ;;:
AIRSPEED LIMITS sa SECT. II PILOT'S OPER,UING HANDBOOK 183 50
DO NOT OPEN 1'111'<00'"' ABOVE 130 KCAS
.AIRSPEED LIMITS, SEE SECT. II PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK
OTHfA: CQR \'v:NOOW

In Pocket on Pilot's Map Case


C
op
y rig
ht

HEADREST TC BI: IN PLACE


C

+ DURING TAKEOFF & LANDING


om

....
m
an

On Top of Pilot and Front Passenger Seat Back


Beneath Headrest.
de *
r O *un
w off
ne ic
rs ial

OPERATING LIMITATIONS OPERATING LIMITATIONS


ThiS. AIRI'LANE MUST BE
G co

THIS AIRPLANE MUST 8E OPERATEO ASA NORMAL


OPERATED AS A NORMAL OR UTILITY CATEGORY
ro p

CATEGORY AIRPLANE IN AIRPLANE IN COMPLI


up y*

ANCE WITH OPERATING


COMPLIANCE WITH OPER LIMITATIONSSTATEO IN
ATING LIMITATIONS STA PILOTS OPERATING
20 *

TED IN THE AIRPLANE HANOBOOK.


FLIGHT MANUAL. AU MARKINGS ANO
13

PLACARDS ON THE AIR


NO ACROBATIC MAN PLANE APPLY TO ITS
EUVERS ARE APPROVED. OPERATION Ab A NOR
Al

INTENTIONAL SPINS ARE MAL CATEGORY AIR


lR

PROHIBITED. PLANE. FOR UtlLITV


CATEGORV OPERATION
REFER TO THE PILOTS
ig

THIS AIRPLANE IS OPERATING HANDBOOK.


ht

APPROVED FOR FLIGHT THIS AIRPLANE IS AP


IN DAVINIGHT VfRllfR PROVED FOR FLIGHT IN
s

WHEN EOUIPPED IN DAY/NIGHT VFRIIFR


R

ACCORDANCE WITH fAR WHEN EOUIPPED IN AC


CORDANCE WITH FAR
es

91. fLIGHT INTO KNOWN 91, F LIGHT iNTO KNOWN


ICING CONDITIONS IS ICING CONDITIONS IS
er

PROHIBITED. PROHIBITED.
ve
d

Windshield Center Frame Windshield Center Frame


NORMAL CATEGORY UTILITY CATEGORY

Figure 2-5. Placards (Sheet 2 of 2)


Issued: 21 February 1976
Revised: 6 April 1977 2-9/2-10
ROCKWELL PILOT'S
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION III
114 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

SECTION III

EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page Page
INTRODUCTION .......................... . 3-1 Maximum Gliding Distance ............... 3- 9
C

AIRSPEEDS FOR SAFE OPERATIONS ....... . 3-2 Landing Gear System Emergencies ........ 3 9
op

EMERGENCY PROCEDURES CHECKLIST ... . 3-2 Failure to Retract .................... 3 9


yr

Failure to Extend .................... 3 -1 0


ig

Engine Failure ......................... . 3-2


ht

During Takeoff Roll .................. 3-2 Electrical System Emergencies............ 3-10


C

In Flight ........................... . 3-2 Excessive Battery Charging Indicated


om

Airstart ............................... 3-3 on Ammeter ........................ 3-10


m

Emergency Landings .................... . 3-3 Alternator Failure .................... 3-11


an

Power Off .......................... . 3-3 Circuit Breaker Tripping ............. 3 -11


de

Precautionary Off - Airport Landing Avionics Master Switch/Circuit Breaker


r O **un

With Power ........................ . 3-4 Tripping ........................... 3 11


Landing With a flat Main Gear Tire ... . 3-4 Power Plant Emergencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 3-11
w off
ne ic

Landing With a flat Nose Gear Tire ... . 3-5 Loss of Oil Pressure Indication ........ 3-11
Excessive Oil Pressure ............... 3-12
rs ial

Landing With One Retracted or Unlocked


3-5 Excessive Oil/Cylinder Head
G co

Main Gear ........................


ro p

Landing With a Defective Nose Gear .... 3-5 Temperature ....................... 3-12
up y*

Landing With Power and With Landing Rough Running Engine or Loss of Power. 3-12
3-6 Propeller Overspeed .............. 3-12
20 *

Gear Retracted .................... .


Landing Without Power and With Miscellaneous Emergencies .............. 3-13
13

Landing Gear Retracted ............ . 3-6 Inadvertent Icing Encounter ............ 3 -13
Al

Ditching ............................ . 3-7 Extreme Turbulence Encounter ........ 3-13


lR

Smoke and Fire ........................ . 3-7 Obstructed Static Source ............. 3-13
ig

Electrical Fire on the Ground ......... . 3-7 Obstructed PUot ..................... 3-13
ht

Engine Fire on the Ground ........... . 3-8 Cabin Door Opening in flight .......... 3-14
s
R

Fire During Takeoff ................. . 3-8 Air Piracy ........................... 3-14


es

Electrical Fire in flight ............. . 3-8 Inadvertent Spins ..................... 3 -14


er

Engine Fire in Flight ................ . 3-9 AMPLIFIED EMERGENCY PROCEDURES ..... 3-14
ve

Cabin Fire ......................... . 3-9 Landing Gear Malfunctions ............... 3-14


d

Emergency Descent .................... . 3-9 Electrical System ....................... 3-15

INTRODUCTION

Emergencies caused by aircraft or engine malfunctions are extremely rare if proper pre-flight inspections and
maintenance are practiced. Weather associated emergencies are rarely encountered when adequate pre-flight
planning and good judgement are used.

The following information is presented to enable the pilot to form, in advance, a definite plan of action for cop-
ing with the most probable emergency situations which could occur in the operation of the airplane. Where
practicable, the emergencies requiring immediate corrective action are shown in checklist form for easy refer-

Issued: 21 February 1976 DATA ON THIS PAGe IS F,A.A, APPROVED 3-1


PILOT'S ROCKWELL
SECTlONm OPERATING HANDBOOK COMMANDER
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 114

ence. Amplified procedures are also presented as required to provide the pilot with a more complete under-
standing of the procedures.

Emergency procedures associated with the Emergency Locator Transmitter (ELT) and other optional systems
can be found in Section IX.

AIRSPEEDS FOR SAFE OPERATIONS

OPERATION KIAS CONFIGURATION

Emergency Descent" 187 - SL to 12, 500 Ft Gear Down, Flaps Up


175 - 16,000 Ft
160 - 20,000 Ft
145 - 24,000 Ft

Power Off Glide 82 - 3140 Lbs ** Gear Up, Flaps Up


C

(Best Glide Angle) 74 - 2600 Lbs Cowl Flaps Closed


op

65 - 2023 Lbs
y
rig
ht

Power Off Approach 71* - 86 Gear Down, Flaps 350


C
om

Extreme Turbulence 116 - 3140 Lbs ** Gear Up, Flaps Up


m

Encounter 107 - 2658 Lbs


an

93 - 2023 Lbs
de *
r O *un

" Smooth Air Only


**
w off

Straight Line Variation between points


ne ic
rs ial

Figure 3-1. Airspeeds for Safe Operations


G co
ro p
up y*
20 *

EMERGENCY PROCEDURES CHECKLIST


13
Al
lR

ENGINE FAILURE
ig
ht

DURING TAKEOFF ROLL


s
R

1. Throttle - RETARD.
es

2. Brakes - APPLY.
er
ve

3. Flaps - RETRACT.
d

4. Mixture - IDLE CUTOFF.


5. Fuel Selector - OFF.
6. Master Switch - OFF.

IN FLIGHT

1. Airspeed - 82 KlAS.
2. Auxiliary Fuel Pump - ON.
3. Alternate Induction Air - HOT.
4. Mixture - FULL RICH.
5. Fuel Selector - FULLEST TANK (check other two positions).
6. Fuel Selector Drain Valve - CHECK CLOSED (handle fully down).
7. Ignition Switch - BOTH (check right and left).

3-2 DATA ON THIS PAGE IS FAA. APPROVED Issued: 21 February 1976


ROCKWELL PILOT'S
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION III
114 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

AIRSTART

1. Airspeed 82 KIAS, minimum for windmilling propeller.

NOIE
If propeller stops windmilling, use normal starting procedures
as outlined in Section IV.

2. Fuel Selector FULLER TANK.

NOIE
To minimize restart time, select the fuller tame
Do not use the BOTH position.

3. Mixture - RICH.
4. Throttle I'T LEAST 1/2 OPEN.
C
op

5. Ignition S",ltch - BOTH.


y

6. Am-dliary Fuel Pump - ON.


rig
ht

After engine has started:


C
om

7. Throttle ADJUST.
m

8. Mixture - LEAN as required.


an

9. Auxiliary Fuel Pump - OFF.


de *
r O *un

EMERGENCY LANDINGS
w off
ne ic
rs ial
G co
ro p
up y*
20 *

The final approach speeds shown under Emergency Landings were


13

determined in a no wind condition. This approach speed should be


increased as required (typically 5 to 15 KIAS) if turbulence or wind
Al

shear conditions exist.


lR
ig

POWER OFF
ht
s
R

Approach
es
er

1. Airspeed - 82 KIAS.
ve

2. Mixture IDLE CUTOFF.


d

3. Ignition Switch - OFF.


4. Fuel Selector - 0 FF .
5. Flaps - UP.
6. Landing Gear - RETRACTED.
7. Cowl Flaps - CLOSED.
8. Emergency Locator Transmitter (if installed) - ON.
9. Transponder (if installed) - CODE 7700.
10. Seats, Seat Belts and Shoulder Straps - SECURE (front seats in upright position).
11. Loose Objects - SECURE.
12. Ground Controller Briefing - ACCOMPLISH, if circumstances permit.

On Final Approach

13. Landing Gear - DOWN .


NOIE
If the landing site has an extremely soft surface or if a ditching is to
be accomplished, it is recommended that the landing gear remain re-
tracted.
Issued: 21 February 1976
Revised: 6 April 1977 DATA ON THIS PAG IS FAA, APPROVED 3-3
PILOT'S ROCKWELL
SECTION III OPERATING HANDBOOK COMMANDER
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 114

14. Flaps - 35 DEGREES.


15. Airspeed - 71 KlAS MI:N1MUM.

PRECAlJTIONARY OFF-AIRPORT LANDING W1TH POWER

Approach

1.
2.
3.
Seats, Seat Belts and Shoulder Straps - SECURE (front seats in upright position).
Loose Objects - SECURE.
Emergency Locator Transmitter (if installed) ON.
4. Ground Controller Briefing - ACCOMPLISH, if circumstances permit.
5. Mixture - FULL RICH.
6. Landing Gear - DOWN.
7. Flaps - AS REQUIRED.
8. Power - AS REQUIRED.

On Final Approach

9. Flaps - 35 DEGREES.
C

10. Airspeed - 71 KlAS lvIINIMUM.


op

11. Propeller - HIGH RPM.


y
rig

After Touchdown
ht
C
om

12. Mixture - IDLE CUTOFF.


13. Fuel Selector - OFF.
m
an

LANDING WITH A FLAT MAIN GEAR TIRE


de *
r O *un

Approach
w off
ne ic

1. Seats, Seat Belts and Shoulder Straps - SECURE (front seats in upright position).
rs ial

2. Loose Objects - SECURE.


G co

3. Mixture - FULL RICH.


ro p

4. Landing Gear EXTEND.


up y*

NOTE
20 *
13

If it is known that a tire is defective, it is advisable to leave the


Al

gear extended.
lR
ig

5. Flaps - AS REQUIRED.
ht

6. Power - AS REQUIRED.
s
R
es

NOIE
er
ve

Select a runway with a crosswind from the same side as the good
d

main gear tire, if practical.

On Final Approach

7. Flaps - 35 DEGREES.
8. Airspeed - 71 KlAS MINIMUM.
9. Propeller - HIGH RPM.

Touchdown

10. Touchdown - ON GOOD TIRE.


11. Rollout - Utilize aileron to keep affected tire off runway as long as possible. Maintain direction using
nose gear steering and braking as required.

3-4 DATA ON THIS PAGE IS F.A.A. APPROVED Issued: 21 February 1976


'f""\~~~; .... _..t. C! " __ :1 '1 n",,..,.
ROCKWELL PILOT'S
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION III
114 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

Ll\NDING WITH A FLAT NOSE GEAR TIRE

Approach

1.
2.
3.
4.
Seats, Seat Belts and Shoulder Straps - SECURE (front seats in upright position).
Loose Objects - SECURE.
!\Iixture - FULL RlCH.
Landing Gear - EXTEND.

NOTE
If it is known that a tire is defective, it is advisable to leave the
gear extended.

5. Flaps - AS REQmRED.
6. Power - AS REQmRED.

On Final Approach

7. Flaps - 35 DEGREES.
C
op

8. Airspeed - 71 KIAS MINIMUM.


y

9. Propeller - HIGH RPM.


rig
ht

Touchdown and Rollout


C
om

10. Touchdown - MAIN GEAR FIRST.


m

11. Mixture - IDLE CUTOFF.


an

12. Rollout - NOSE GEAR HIGH.


de *
r O *un

LANDING WITH ONE RETRACTED OR UNLOCKED MAIN GEAR


w off
ne ic

Approach
rs ial


G co

l. Seats, Seat Belts and Shoulder Straps - SECURE (front seats in upright position).
ro p

2. Loose Objects - SECURE.


up y*

3. Mixture - FULL RlCH.


20 *

4. Landing Gear - EXTEND.


13
Al

NOTE
lR

Select a runway with a crosswind from the same side as the good main
ig
ht

gear, if practical.
s
R

On Final Approach
es
er

5. Flaps - 35 DEGREES.
ve

6. Airspeed - 71 KIAS MINIMUM.


d

7. Propeller - HIGH RPM.

Touchdown and Rollout

8. Touchdown - ON EXTENDED GEAR FIRST.


9. Aileron - Bank away from affected gear.
10. Mixture - IDLE CUTOFF.
11. Fuel Selector - OFF.

LANDING WITH A DEFECTIVE NOSE GEAR

Approach

1.
2.
Seats, Seat Belts and Shoulder Straps - SECURE (front seats in upright position).
Loose Objects - SECURE.
Issued: 21 February 1976 DATA ON THIS PAGE IS F.A.A. APPROVED 3-5
Revised: 6 April 1977
PILOT'S ROCKWELL
SECTION III OPERATING HANDBOOK COMMANDER
E:Y1ERGENCY PROCEDURES 114

3. Mixture - FULL RICH.


4. Landing Gear EXTEND.

On Final Approach

0. Flaps 35 DEGREES.
6. Airspeed 71 KIAS l\1INlMUM
7. Propeller HIGH RPM.

Touchdown and Rollout

8. Touchdown MAI~ GEAR FIRST.


9. Elevator Control AFT.

NOIE
During the rollout, the nose should be held off the runway as long
as possible.
C

10. Mixture IDLE CUTOFF.


op

11. Fuel Selector OFF.


y
rig
ht

LANDING \VITH POWER AND WITH LANDING GEAR RETRACTED


C
om

NOIE
m

a smooth sod runway.


an

If possible, choose
de *

Approach
r O *un
w off

1. Seats, Seat Belts and Shoulder Straps - SECURE (front seats in upright position).
ne ic

2. Loose Objects - SECURE.


rs ial

3. Mixture - FULL RICH.


G co

4. Landing Gear - RETRACTED.


ro p

5. Power - AS REQUIRED.
up y*
20 *

On Final Approach
13
Al

6. Flaps - 20 DEGREES.
lR

7. Airspeed 74 KIAS l\1Il','IMUM.


ig

8. Propeller HIGH RPM.


ht
s

Touchdo\\'n and Slide


R
es
er

9. Elevator Control - AFT.


ve

10. Mixture IDLE CUTOFF.


d

11. Fuel Selector - OFF.

LAKDING WITHOUT POWER AND WITH LANDING GEAR RETRACTED

Approach

1. Airspeed 82 KIAS.
2. Mixture IDLE CUTOFF.
3. Ignition Switch - OFF.
4. Fuel Selector - 0 FF .
5. Flaps UP.
6. Cowl Flaps - CLOSED.
7. Emergency Locator Transmitter (if installed) - ON.
8. Transponder (if installed) - CODE 7700.

3-6 DATA ON THIS PAGE IS F.AA. APPROVED Issued: 21 February 1976


J?I>V; ~ .. n II A nt'i 1 1 ~77
ROCKWELL PILOT'S
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION III
114 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

9.


Ground Controller Briefing - ACCOMPLISH, if circumstances permit.
10. Seats, Seat Belts and Shoulder Straps - SECURE (front seats in upright position).
11. Loose Objects - SECURE.

On FlI1al Approach

12. Flaps - 20 DEGREES.


13 . Airspeed - 74 KlAS ~nNIMUM.

Touchdown and Slide

14. Elevator Control FU LL AFT.

DITCHING

Approach

1. Airspeed 82 KlAS.
2. Transponder (if installed) - CODE 7700.
C

3, MA YDA Y Transmission - TRANSWT information which may expedite search and rescue AS REQUIRED.
op
yr
ig

NOTE
ht
C

See Airman's Information Manual for transmitted information which


om

may be valuable if time permits its transmission.


m
an


4. Emergency Locator Transmitter (if installed) - ON.
de

5. Seats, Seat Belts and Shoulder Straps - SECURE (front seats in upright position).
r O **un

6. Loose Objects SECURE.


7. Flotation Equipment (for occupants) - OON.
w off

Flaps - UP.
ne ic

8.
9. Landing Gear - RETRACTED.
rs ial

10. Cowl Flaps CLOSED.


G co
ro p
up y*

On Final Approach
20 *
13

NOTE
Al

See Airman's Information Manual for additional details regarding


lR

ditching procedures.
ig
ht

11. Flaps - 20 DEGREES.


s
R

12. Airspeed - 74 KlAS WmMUM.


es

13. Landing Gear - RETRACTED.


er

14. Propeller - HIGH RPM.


ve
d

Touchdown

15. Elevator Control - FULL AFT.


16. Fuel Selector - OFF.

SMOKE AND FIRE

ELECTRICAL FIRE ON THE GROUND

1. Master Switch OFF.


2. All Electrical Switches - OFF.

Issued: 21 February 1976 DATA ON THIS PAGE IS F.A.A. APPROVED 3-7


~"";",,,rl ~ lin,..;) 1Q77
PilOT'S ROCKWELL
SECTION III OPERATING HANDBOOK COMMANDER
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 114

3. Mixture - IDLE CUTOFF.


4. Fuel Selector - OFF.
5. Fire Extinguisher (if installed) - DISCHARGE.

I WARNING I
Do not attempt to fly the airplane again until the source of the fire
has been located and corrective action has been taken.

ENGINE FIRE ON THE GROUND

Should a fire occur in the engine induction system during engine start, it is advisable to continue cranking the
for several seconds. If the fire persists, proceed as follows:

1. Mixture - IDLE CUTOFF.


2. Fuel Selector OFF.
3. Ignition Switch - OFF.
C

4. Master Switch - OFF.


op

5. Cowl Flaps - CLOSED.


yr
ig

I
ht
C

WARNING
om
m
an

Do not attempt to fly the airplane until the source of the fire has been
de

located and corrective action has been taken.


r O **un

6. Fire Extinguisher (if installed) - DISCHARGE as required.


w off
ne ic
rs ial

FIRE DURING TAKEOFF


G co
ro p

1. Throttle - IDLE.
up y*

2. Brakes - APPLY.
20 *

3. Mixture - IDLE CUTOFF.


4. Master Switch - OFF.
13

5. Fuel Selector - OFF.


Al

6. All Electrical Switches - OFF.


R l

7. Fire Extinguisher (if installed) - DISCHARGE as required.


ig
ht

ELECTRICAL FIRE IN FLIGHT


s
R
es

1. Master Switch - OFF.


er

20 All Electrical Switches - OFF.


ve

3. Cabin Heat and Defrost Controls - OFF.


d

4. Air Vents - OFF.


5. Fire Extinguisher (if installed) - DISCHARGE, if fire persists.

If smoke and fire persists, proceed as follows:

6. Oxygen Masks (if installed) - DON.


7. Oxygen System (if installed) - EMERG.
8. Emergency Descent Procedure - PERFORM.

If the fire has been extinguished and continued flight is essential, proceed as follows:

9. Master Switch - ON.


10. Essential Electrical Equipment - ON, one switch at a time.
11. Cabin Heat and Defrost Controls - AS DESIRED.
12. Air Vents - AS DESIRED.
13. Storm Window - OPEN (to clear cabin of smoke).

3-8 DATA ON THIS PAGe IS F.A.A. APPRoveD Issued: 21 February 1976


ROCI\.,,\VELL PilOT'S
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION III
114 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

ENGINE F1RE IN FLIGHT

1. ~lixture - IDLE CUTOFF.


2. Fuel Selector - OFF.
3. :\l:I,,[(>r SwItch - OFF.
4. C0bin Heat and Defrost Controls - OFF.
;). Airspeed - INCREASE 0S required without exceeding VNE.

If fire persists. execute a power-off landing as outlined under Landing Emergencies. Momentarily activate the
master switch to extend the landing gear and/or the flaps, if they are required.

CAm.:.: F1RE

1. Cabin Heat and Defrost Controls - OFF.


2. Air Vents - CLOSED.
Fire Extinguisher (if installed) - DISCHARGE.

If smoke and fire persist, proceed as follows:


C

4. Oxygen Mas;.':., (if installed) - DON.


op

5. Oxygen System (if installed) - EMERG.


yrig

6. Descent Procedure - PERFORM.


ht
C

If the fire has been extinguished and continued flight is essential, proceed as follows:
om

7. Cabin Heat and Defrost Controls - AS DESIRED.


m
an

f3. Air Vents AS DESIRED.


de *

9. Storm Window - OPE':': .


r O *un
w off

EMERGENCY DESCENT
ne ic
rs ial

1. Landing Gear - SELECT DOWN below 128 KIAS.


G co
ro p

2. Flaps - UP.
up y*

3. Throttle - IDLE.
4. Propeller Control - HIGH RPil,1.
20 *

5. Bank - APPROXE'vIATEL Y 45 DEGREES, if practical.


13

6. Airspeed 187 KIAS below 12,500 ft.


Al
lR

~J
ig
ht
s
R

Do not exceed V NO unless in smooth air. See Section II for reduced


es

speed limits above 12.500 feet.


er
ve

MAXIMUM GLIDING DISTANCE - Refer to Figure 3-2.


d

LANDING GEAR SYSTEM EMERGENCIES

FAILURE TO RETRACT

1.
2.
3.
Circuit Breaker - CHECK.
Emergency Gear Extension Valve Knob - CHECK for full up position.
Landing Gear Switch - CYCLE.

If unsafe indication persists, proceed as follows:


I
I
4. Landing Gear S\vitch - DOWN.
5. Gear Position Lights - VERIFY GEAR DOWN.
6. Landing - PERFORM as soon as practical.

Issued: 21 February 1976 DATA ON THIS PAGE IS F.A.A. APPROVED 3-9


PILOT'S ROCKWELL
SECTION III OPERATING HANDBOOK COMMANDER
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 114

14000 '-~--~OO~N~O~I~T~IO~N7S:----------'---~--G-L-ID-E-S-P-EE-D---'--------------~-------------,
PROPELLER WINDMILLING WEIGHT
FLAPS - UP (LBSI KIAS
GEAR - UP
3140 82
COWL FLAPS - CLOSED
12000 ZERO WIND 2600 74

[-;
~
( 10000

~
~
0::
0:: 8000
[xl
[-;
[xl
:>
~ 6000 ~~--~~~--~--4~-+--~--+--~--~~-~.-~~----
~
[-;
:.r:
C

S2
op

[xl 4000 ..........-+---'--t--+--+----+


y

:.r:
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ht
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2000 ..........-+-+--t--'---I:7"'-t-~+-+---'-
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o 2 4 6 8 10 14 12 16 18 20
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GROUND DISTANCE'" NAUTICAL MILES


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Figure 3-2. Maximum Gliding Distance


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up y*
20 *

FAILURE TO EXTEND
13

1
1. Circuit Breaker - CHECK.
Al

2. Landing Gear Switch - CYCLE.


lR

3. Gear Down Position Lights - PRESS-TO-TEST.


ig
ht
s

If an unsafe indication persists, proceed as follows:


R
es

I
4. Landing Gear Switch - DOWN.
er

5. Throttle - MINI~ZE POWER.


ve

6. Airspeed - 80 KIAS MAXIMUM.


d

7. Rudder Trim - NEUTRAL.


8. Emergency Extension Valve Knob - PULL OUT and DOVlN.

NOTE
If the gear fails to extend, it may be necessary to cycle the rudder
pedals, reduce power, and/or reduce airspeed

9. Gear Down Position Lights - VERIFY GEAR DOWN.

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM EMERGENCIES

EXCESSIVE BATTERY CHARGING INDICATED ON AMMETER

1. Alternator Switch - OFF.


2. AU Non-essential Electrical Equipment - OFF.

3-10 Issued: 21 February 1976


n ... 'T .. ;<"'J'"\...l~ a A ...... ~l1 10'7'"
ROCKWELL PILOT'S
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION III
114 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

ALTER1\ATOR FAILVRE

1. Alternator Switch - CYCLE.

NOIE
Battery power may be required to excite alternator. Keep battery portion
of master switch ON.

2. Circuit Breakers - CHECK.

If the alternator fails to come on the line, proceed as follows:

3. Alternator Switch - OFF.


4. AU Non-essential Electrical Equipment OFF.

CIRCUIT BREAKER TRIPPING

1. Affected Circuit Breaker - RESET.


C
op

If the circuit breaker continues to trip, proceed as follows:


yrig
ht

2. Leave Circuit Breaker in TRIP position.


C

3. Affected Electrical Equipment OFF.


om

A VIO.N1CS ;\1ASTER S\VITCH. CIRCmT BREAKER TRIPPING


m
an
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NOIE
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In the event that a radio should have a short circuit, the individual
w off

circuit breaker for that radio will open as evidenced by it's button
ne ic

popping out. The individual circuit breakers are located in the


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lower right side of the instrument panel.


G co
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up y*

1. Reset Avionics Master Switch ON.


20 *

If unable to it in the ON position:


13
Al

2. All Individual Avionics Switches - OFF.


lR

3. Avionics Master Switch-type Circuit Breaker - ON.


ig
ht

If unable to it reset. turn it off, otherwise proceed to step 4.


s
R
es

4. Individual Avionics Switches ON, one at a time (the most essential radios first).
er
ve

NOIE
d

When the radio at fault is turned on, the Avionics master switch may
open again.

5. Faulty Radio Switch - OFF (leave off) .

NOIE
Repeat Steps 3. and 4. until all avionics (except the faulty unit(s)) are on.

POWER PLANT EMERGENCIES

LOSS OF OIL PRESSURE INDICATION

1. Power - REDUCE.
2. Engine RPM - REDUCE.
3. Oil Temperature - CHECK.

Issued: 21 February 1976 DATA ON THIS PAGE IS F.A.A. APPROVED 3-11


PILOT'S ROCKWELL
SECTION III OPERATING HANDBOOK COMMANDER
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 114

Loss of oil pressure is usually accompanied by a high oil temperature


indication. If this condition exists. plan a landing immediately. If a
normal oil temperature exists, proceed to the nearest practical airport.

EXCESSIVE OIL PRESSURE

1. Engine RPM - REDUCE.


2. Engine Oil Temperature - ALLOW TO STABILJZE.

If high oil pressure persists, proceed to the nearest practical airport.

EXCESSIVE OIL/CYLINDER HEAD TEMPERATURE


C
op

1. Cowl Flaps - OPEN.


yrig

2. Airspeed INCREASE.
ht

3. Mixture - FULL RICH.


4. Power - REDUCE.
C
om
m
an
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If excessive oHIcylinder head temperature persists, proceed to the


nearest practical airport.
w off
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ROUGH RUNNING ENGINE OR LOSS OF POWER


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G co
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1. Mixture - RICH.
up y*

2. Alternate Induction Air - HOT, if no change is evident, PctSition to COLD.


3. Magnetos - BOTH (check right and left) .
20 *
13

NOIE
Al
lR

Should the engine smooth out on one magneto, continue operation on


ig

that magneto.
ht
s

4. Auxiliary Fuel Pump - ON, if no change is evident, turn to OFF.


R
es

5. Mixture - LEAN, if no change, ENRICHEN.


er
ve

PROPELLER OVERSPEED
d

1. Throttle - CLOSE IMMEDIATELY (to reduce rpm).


2. Airspeed - REDUCE.
3. RPM Limit - OBSERVE.

Proceed to the nearest practical airport at reduced power and


reduced airspeed.

3-12 DATA ON THIS PAO~ IS F.A.A. APPRove, Issued: 21 February 1976


ROCKWELL PilOT'S
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION III
114 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

MISCELLANEOUS EMERGENCIES

INADVERTENT ICING ENCOUNTER

1. Pitot Heat - ON.


2. \\'indshield Defrost - PULL ON.
3. RPM - INCREASE.

WARNING I
Evasive action should be initiated when icing conditions
are first encountered.

4. Altitude CHANGE to an altitude less conducive to icing.

NOTE
C

A climb is usually preferred, if practicaL


op
y
rig

5. Course - ALTER or REVERSE as required, to avoid icing.


ht
C

NOTE
om
m

The likelihood of the induction air system icing is very remote;


an

however, should icing occur, as evidenced by loss of manifold


de *

pressure, the alternate induction air control should be placed in


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the HOT position.


w off
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G. Mixture ADJUST. as required.


rs ial

7. Approach Airspeed - INCREASE 5 to 20 KJAS depending on ice accumulation.


G co
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EXTRE:\1E TURBULENCE ENCOUNTER


up y*
20 *

1. Airspeed l\1ANEUVERlNG SPEED (observe airspeed for appropriate weight).


2. Flaps UP.
13

3. Landing Gear - RETRACTED.


Al

4. Seat Belts and Shoulder Straps SECURE FlRML Y .


lR

5. Loose Objects - SECURE.


ig
ht
s

NOTE
R
es

Avoid large excursions in pitch attitude.


er
ve
d

OBSTRUCTED STATIC SOURCE

1. Alternate Static Source - ON.


2. Heat and Defrost Controls - ON.
3. Overhead Air Vents - OFF.

NOTE
Refer to alternate static source correction card for corrections to
apply to altimeter and airspeed readings.

OBSTRUCTED PITOT

1. Pitot Heat ON.

Issued: 21 February 1976 DATA 0111 THIS PAGE IS f.A.k APPROVED 3-13
PilOT'S ROCKWELL
SECTION III OPERATING HANDBOOK COMMANDER
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 114
NorE
Use familiar pitch attitude and power settings to achieve desired
airspeeds if airspeed indicator readings appear to be unreliable.

CABI~ DOOR OPEl'.'1NG IN FLIGHT


NOTE
If a door comes open in flight on airplanes S/N 14000 thru 14349,
I observe a maximum airspeed of 100 KIAS and return for a normal
approach and landing. If an immediate landing is impractical, to
close the cabin door in flight proc eed as outlined below.
1. Airspeed 80 KIAS.
2. Storm Window - OPEN.
3. Affected Door OPEN approximately 4-inches and THEN SLAM SHUT.
4. Main Door Latch - CHECK for free play (no more than 1/8 to 1/4-inch).
5. Upper Door Latch - SECURE.

SIN 14350 and Subs.

I
C
op

1. Airspeed - 130 KIAS or below.


yrig

2. Cabin Door - PULL CLOSE, then RELATCH.


ht
C

AIR PIRACY
om

1. Transponder (if installed) - CODE 7500, OR ANY CODE 7500 TO 7577.


m
an

2. Ground Controller Briefing - PERFORM as circumstances permit.


de *
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NorE
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See Airman's Information Manual for additional details for special


ne ic

emergencies, such as air piracy, and for current codes.


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INADVERTENT SPINS
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up y*

1. Throttle - IDLE.
20 *

2. Rudder - FULL OPPOSITE DIRECTION OF ROTATION.


13

3. Control Wheel - FULL FORWARD BRISKLY and HOLD against the forward stop UNTIL A DEFINITE
Al

NOSE DOWN PITCHING MOTION IS OBSERVED Al'.'D ROTATION STOPS.


lR
ig

NOTE
ht
s

As sufficient nose down pitching motion is developed for a spin recovery,


R
es

the pilot will become noticeably light in his seat or thrown against the
er

seat belt.
ve
d

As rotation stops,

4. Rudder NEUTRAL.
5. Flaps - RE TRA C T, if extended.

Recover smoothly from the resulting dive.

AMPLIFIED EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

LANDING GEAR MALFUNCTIONS

There are several general checks that should be made before attempting further corrective action in the event
of a landing gear malfunction. Check landing gear circuit breakers IN, reset if necessary. Check gear posi-
tion indicator lights for a possible burned out bulb by pressing-to-test. A burned out bulb can be replaced in
flight by using the bulb from the magnetic compass. The magnetic compass bulb is accessible by sliding the
socket cover, at the top of the bezel, up and removing the bulb.

3-14 DATA ON THIS PAGE IS F.A.A. API'ROVEO Issued: 21 February 1976


PCI'tM C("1.4. 1 '1 ~C)h""'H<"\ _..-.. 10'7Q
ROCKWELL PILOT'S
CO:Vl:vrANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION lIT
114 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

Retraction l\lalfunction: If the landing gear fails to retract normally as indicated by continuous gear motor
l

operation or failure of the gear warning light to go out, attempt to recycle the gear. If recycling attempt fails
to produce a positive indication of proper retraction (all gear indicator lights out, landing gear motor off), the
landing gear should be extended until maintenance can be obtained to correct the problem.

Extl'llsion l\lalfunction: If a positive "gear down and locked" indication cannot be obtained with normal extension
procedures. operate press- to-test feature of indicator lights, and if still no indication, recycle the landing gear.
If a recycling attempt does not provide positive indication (gear down lights on, absence of the gear warning
lights and warning bell or horn \vith flaps extended or power reduced), proceed with emergency gear extension .

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM

Excessive Charge: After periods of heavy electrical usage, such as prolonged cold weather starts or extended
periods of taxiing, the battery charge level will have dropped low enough to accept higher than normal charge
rates during the initial part of the flight. However, after a reasonable length of time (apprOximately thirty
minutes), the ammeter indication should decrease steadly toward zero indication on the ammeter, and the volt-
meter should indicate between 12 and 15 volts. If the charging rate remains above this value for an extended
period of time, there is a possibility that the battery may overheat and evaporate electrolyte at an excessive
C
op

rate. To preclude the possibility of an overcharging condition affecting the battery, the ALT half of the master
switch should be turned OFF and the flight terminated, and electrical load reduced to an essential minimum if
yr
ig

an immediate landing is impractical.


ht
C

Insufficient Charge: A continuous discharge rate, noted on the ammeter during flight, generally indicates:
om

a. Alternator and/or voltage regulator malfunction, or


m

b. Excessive load on the electrical system.


an

First the electrical load must be reduced. If ammeter continues to show discharge, the AL T half of the master
de

switch should be turned OFF to isolate the alternator from the electrical system. With the ALT half of the mas-
r O **un

ter switch OFF, the entire accessory electrical load is placed on the battery, and all non-essential electrical
equipment should be turned off to reduce the discharge rate of the battery.
w off
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Operation With Master Switch OFF: When the master switch is OFF, it should be remembered that certain
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electrical equipment ,vill be inoperative, such as:


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up y*

1. \Ving Flaps.
20 *

2. Landing Gear Retraction System (except emergency extension system).


13

3. Fuel Gages.
4. Engine Temperature Gages.
Al

5. Stall Warner
l R

(3 Turn Coordinator
ig

7. All Lights (interior and e:>..ierior).


ht
s

8. All Radios (except optional ELT).


R
es
er
ve
d

Issued: 21 February 1976 DATA ON THIS PAGE IS F.A,A. APPROVED 3-15/3-16


17 Fehruarv 1978
Rp,";"prl
ROCKWELL PILOT'S
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION IV
114 NORMAL PROCEDURES

SECTION IV

NORMAL PROCEDURES

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page Page
NORMAL PROCEDURES CHECKLIST. . . . . . . .. 4-2 Soft Field Takeoff - Obstacles Ahead. . .. 4-9
Pre-Flight Inspection .................... 4-2 Normal Climb ..................... 4-9
C
op

Before Starting Engine .................... 4-4 Maximum Performance Climb ............ 4-9.
yr

Starting Engine ............. 4- 4 Cruise ................................ 4-10


ig

Starting Engine-Flooded Start Procedure .. 4-5 Descent ............................... 4-10


ht

Before Taxiing ........................... 4-5 Before Landing ........................ 4-11


C

Taxiing ............................... 4- 5 Balk ed Landing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 4-11


om

Before Takeoff ........................... 4-6 Normal Landing ...................... 4-11


m

Takeoffs ............................... 4-7 Short Field Landing ..................... 4-11


an

Normal Takeoff ....................... 4-7 Soft Field Landing ....................... 4-12


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Crosswind Takeoff ..................... 4-8 After Landing ........................... 4-12


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Short Field Takeoff ................. 4-8 Shutdown ............................ 4-12


w off

Soft Field Takeoff - No Obstacles ..... 4-8 Noise Characteristics ................... 4-12
ne ic
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up y*
20 *
13
Al
l R
ig
ht
s
R
es
er
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X121

Figure 4-1. Pre-Flight Inspection Stations

Issued: 21 February 1976 DATA ON THIS PAGE IS F.A.A. APPROVED 4-1


Revised: 11 Aoril 1980
PILOT'S ROCKWELL
SECTION IV OPERATING HANDBOOK COMMANDER
NORMAL PROCEDURES 114

NORMAL PROCEDURES CHECKLIST

PRE-FLIGHT INSPECTION

WARNING I
Remove any accumulation of ice, snow or frost from aircraft
prior to flight.

NOTE
If a night flight is planned check the operation of all lights and
ensure a flashlight is available.

CD INTERIOR
C
op

1. Controls Lock - REMOVE.


2. Ignition Switch - OFF.
yrig

3. All Circuit Breakers SET.


ht

4. Landing Gear Position Switch - DOWN.


C

5. All Switches - OFF or NORMAL.


om

6. Master Switch ON.


m

7. Landing Gear Position Lights - CHECK/SAFE.


an

8. Fuel Selector BOTH.


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9. Elevator Trim Tab NEUTRAL .


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10. Fuel Quantity - CHECK.


w off

NOTE
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Useable fuel quantities above approximately 27 U. S. gallons are


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not gageable.
ro p
up y*

11. Fuel Selector Drain - PULL for four seconds, then OFF. (SiN 14000 thru 14149 only.)
20 *

I I
13

WARNING
Al
lR

Do not lift fuel selector disk when draining fuel or selecting tanks. Use only the
ig

center handle marked "PULL TO DRAIN". Failure to do so can result in unde-


ht
s

tectable fuel draining.


R
es

12. Oxygen (if installed) - CHECK QUANTITY and AVAILABILITY OF MASKS.


er

CD
ve

LEFT SIDE OF FUSELAGE AND EMPENNAGE


d

13. Baggage Door - CLOSED and LOCKED.


14. Side of Fuselage INSPECT.
15. Static Port - UNOBSTRUCTED.
16. Horizontal Stabilizer and Elevator - INSPECT.
17. Elevator - CHECK for freedom of movement.
18. Elevator Trim Tab - CHECK for excessive free play, security, condition, and neutral position.
19. Rudder Gust Lock (if installed) - REMOVE.
20. Vertical Stabilizer and Rudder - INSPECT.
21. Rudder CHECK for freedom of movement.
22. Navigation Light - CHECK.
23. Flashing Beacon - CHECK condition.

eD RIGHT SIDE OF FUSELAGE AND RIGHT WING TRAILING EDGE

24. Side of Fuselage - INSPECT.


25. Static Port UNOBSTRUCTED.
26. Wing Flap - INSPECT.
27 . Aileron - CHECK for security and freedom of movement.
28. Wing Tip - INSPECT.
29. Navigation Light - CHECK.
4-2 DATA ON THIS PAGE IS F.A.A. APPROVED Issued: 21 February 1976
n .......... ~ ........ ~. 11 A, "" .... :1 1QQ()
ROCKWELL PilOT'S
COM:\1ANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION rv
114 NORMAL PROCEDURES

(0 RJGHT \\1KG LEADING EDGE

30. Wio9, Leactin[,: - CHECK condition.


31. Fuel Yent - UNOBSTRUCTED.
32. Fuel Quantitv - CHECK.

NOTE
A reduced fuel quantity indicator is located in the fuel filler
neck. ThIS indicator is used to indicate a useable fuel quantity
of 24 gallons.

33. Fuel Filler Cap SECUHE.


34. Win~ Tie- down - REMOVE.
35. Fuel Tank Sump - DRAIN SAMPLE. Check valve closed.
36. Hig;ht Main Gear and Wheel Weel - INSPECT.
37. ~lain Gear Tire - CHECK inflation and wear.
38. Squat Switch - INSPECT.
39. Landing Gear Limit Switches (2) - CHECK condition.
C

40. Wheel Well Fuel Drain - DRAIN SAMPLE. Check valve closed. (SiN 14150 and Subs.)
op

41. Fuel Selector Drain Valve - VERIFY CLOSED (SiN 14000 thru 14149 only).
yr

o
ig

EKGINE SECTION
ht
C
om

42. Fuel Gascolator - DRAIN SAMPLE. Check valve closed.


43. Engine Accessory Section - INSPECT.
m

44. Cowl Fasteners - SECURED.


an

45. Oil Cooler Inlet - UNOBSTRUCTED.


de

46. Lower Cowl and Cowl Flap - INSPECT and SECURE.


r O **un

47. Nose Gear Assembly and Strut - CHECK condition and proper inflation.
w off

48. Nose Gear Tire - CHECK proper inflation and wear.


ne ic

49. Landing Gear Limit Switches (2) - CHECK condition.


rs ial

50. Engine Inlets - UNOBSTRUCTED.


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51. Propeller and Spinner - INSPECT.


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52. Oil Quantity - CHECK, minimum 6 quarts.


up y*

CD
20 *

LEFT \VING LEADING EDGE


13

53.

I
Al

Left Main Gear and Wheel Well - INSPECT.


l

54. Wheel Well Fuel Drain - DRAIN SAMPLE. Check valve closed. (SiN 14150 and Subs.)
R

55. Landing Gear Limit Switches (2) - CHECK condition.


ig
ht

56. Fuel Tank Sump - DRAIN SAMPLE. Check valve closed.


s

57. Fuel Quantity - CHECK.


R
es
er

NOTE
ve

A reduced fuel quantity indicator is located in the fuel filler


d

neck. This indicator is used to indicate a useable fuel quantity


of 24 gallons.

I
58. Fuel Filler Cap - SECURE.
59. Wing Leading Edge - CHECK condition.
60. Stall Warning Vane - CHECK freedom of movement and horn actuation.

NOTE
The master switch must be ON to check stall warner circuit.
The spring-loaded test s\\1.tch, located in the left main gear
wheel well and labeled STALL CKT, must be moved from the
NORM position to the TEST position while the stall warner is
checked. Use a gentle upward motion of the vane to actuate
the stall warner horn.

Issued: 21 February 1976 4-3


Pt"\"1';C'O~ '1 ('"),.d.. ,... ...... "" ..... 1 <V7a,
PilOT'S ROCKWELL
SECTION IV OPERATING HANDBOOK COMMANDER
NOID.1AL PROCEDURES 114

61. Wing Tie-down - REMOVE.


62. Pitot Mast - UNOBSTRUCTED.

NOTE
If flight into rain or conctitions conducive to possible icing is anticipated,
pitot heat should be checked. The pitot heat can be checked by lightly
touching the pitot probe after the heating element has been turned on.
The pitot should become warm to the touch after the heater has been on
for 35 seconds.

63. Fuel Vent - UNOBSTRUCTED.


64. Wing Tip INSPECT.

CD LEFT WING TRAILING EDGE

65. Navigation Light - CHECK.


66. Aileron - CHECK security and freedom of movement.
67. Wing Flap - INSPECT.
C
op
yrig

BEFORE STARTING r:NGINE


ht
C

1. Exterior Inspection - COMPLETE.


om

2. Seats, Seat Belts and Shoulder Straps - ADJUST and SECURE (front seats in upright position for
m

takeoff).
an

3. Fuel Selector Valve - BOTH.


de *

4. Avionics Master Switch - OFF.


r O *un

5. All Electrical Equipment OFF.


6. Circuit Breakers - CHECK.
w off
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7. Cowl Flaps - FULL OPEN.

8. Landing Gear Position Switch - DOWN.


rs ial

9. Landing Gear Emergency Extension Valve Knob - UP.


G co
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10. Parking Brake - SET.


up y*

NOTE
20 *

If a start is to be made at night, turn ON the navigation lights prior to


13

starting.
Al
lR

STARTING ENGINE
ig
ht

1. Mixture - IDLE CUTOFF.


s

2. Propeller - HIGH RPM.


R
es

3. Throttle - CRACKED 1/4 INCH.


er

4. Alternate Induction Air - COLD.


ve

5. Master Switch - ON.


d

NOTE
ALT side of master switch should be OFF, if external power is used.

6. Voltmeter - CHECK.
7. Fuel Pump Switch - ON.

NOTE
Verify that auxiliary fuel pump operates by observing a rise in the fuel
pressure indication.

8. Mixture - ADVANCE MOMENTARILY, then back to IDLE CUTOFF.


9. Fuel Pump Switch - OFF.
10. Propeller Area - CLEAR.
11. Ignition Switch - START then to BaTH when engine starts.
NOTE
Cranking should be limited to 30 seconds, and several minutes allowed
between cranking periods to permit the starter to cool.
4-4 DATA ON THIS PAGE IS F.A.A. APPROVED Issued: 21 February 1976
Revised: 16 December 1977
ROCKWELL PILOT'S
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION IV
114 NORMAL PROCEDURES

12. Mixture FULL RICH after engine starts.


13. Throttle - 800 to 1000 RPM.
14. Oil Pressure - CHECK for indication within 30 seconds.
15. Alternator Switch - ON.

NOTI
The BATT switch should be left ON for alternator turn-on
and stabilization.

16. Ammeter - CHECK for charging indication.


17. Voltmeter - CHECK for 13-16 Volts.

ST ARTING ENGINE (flOODED START PROCEDURE)



1. Mixture - IDLE CliT-OFF.
2. Propeller Control - HIGH RPM.
3. Throttle - FULL OPEN.
4. Alternate Induction Air Control - COLD.
C

5. Master Switch ON.


op
yr
ig

NOTE
ht
C

The ALT side of the master switch should be OFF if external


om

power is used.
m
an

6. Propeller Area - CLEAR.


de

7. Ignition Switch - START then to BOTH.


r O **un

NOTE
w off
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Cranking should be limited to 30 seconds. Allow at least five (5)


rs ial

minutes between cranking periods to permit the starter to cool.


G co
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up y*

As engine fires:
20 *

8. Throttle RETARD.
13

9. Mixture FULL RICH.


Al

10. Throttle - 800 to 1000 RPM.


l

11 . Oil Pressure - CHECK for indication within 30 seconds.


R
ig

12. Alternator - ON and CHARGING.


ht
s
R

NOTE
es
er

The BATT switch should be left ON for alternator turn-on


ve

and stabilization.
d


13. Ammeter - CHECK for charging indication.
14. Voltmeter - CHECK for 13-16 Volts.

BEFORE TAXIING
1. Flashing Beacon - ON.

If the engine is started with the flashing beacon ON, it may


be necessary to cycle the beacon switch to reestablish the
flashing mode.

2. Strobe Lights (if installed) - OFF.


3. Instruments and Radios - SET.
4. Parking Brake - RELEASE.

Issued: 21 February 1976 DATA ON THIS PAGE IS F.A.A. APPROVED 4-5


Rpvised: 16 Decemher 1977
PILOT'S ROCKWELL
SECTION IV OPERATING HANDBOOK COMMANDER
NORMAL PROCEDURES 114

TAXIING

1. Brakes - CHECK during initial taxi.


2. Nose Wheel Steering - CHECK.
3. Comp:lss - CHECK ag::tinst known taxiway heading.

BEFORE TAKEOFF

1. Parking Brake - SET.


2. Controls CHE CK for freedom of movement and proper direction.
3. Flaps - CYCLE. Check operation and symmetry.
4. Rudder Trim NEUTRAL.
5. Elevator Trim Tab - TAKEOFF RANGE.
6. Throttle - 2000 RPM.
7. )'lagnetos - CHECK. Right then both. Left then both.
C

NOTE
op

The RPM drop should not exceed 175 RPM on either magneto
yr
ig

or greater than a 50 RPM differential between the two magnetos.


ht

An absence of an RPM drop may be an indication of faulty magneto


C

grounding or improper timing. Magneto checks at a high power


om

setting will usually confirm that a deficiency exists. Full throttle


m

checks on the ground are not recommended unless the pilot has good
an

reason to suspect that the engine is not operating properly or deSires


de

to adjust the mixture for high density altitude operation. No leaning


r O **un

is allowed below 5000 ft. density altitude. Above 5000 ft. density
altitude, lean only as required for smooth engine operation. If a full
w off
ne ic

throttle runup is necessary, monitor oil temperature and cylinder


rs ial

head temperature to assure that their limits are not exceeded.


G co
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up y*

8. Propeller Control CYCLE and RETURN TO HIGH RPM.


9. Alternate Induction Air Control - FULL HOT and RETURN TO FULL COLD.
20 *
13
Al
R l

NOTE
ig
ht

A slight reduction in engine RPM should be noted when the alternate


s
R

induction air control is placed in the FULL HOT position.


es
er
ve

10. Gyro Suction Gage (if installed) - 4.5 to 5.2 IN. HG .


d

11. Alternate static Source Valve - NORMAL.


12. Throttle CHECK for proper IDLE RPM, should be 600 to 700 RPM.
13. Instruments and Radios - CHECK and SET.

14. Fuel Selector Valve - BOTH .


15. Cabin Doors (S/N 14000 thru 14349) - LATCHED.

NOTE
If freeplay in lower inside cabin door latches exceeds approx-
imately 1/4-inch, then the lower and/or aft cabin door hooks
are not properly engaged.

16. Cabin Doors (S/N 14350 and Subs) - CLOSED and LATCHED.
17. Parking Brake - RELEASE.

4-6 O ... T ... ON THIS PAGE IS F ..... A. APPROVED Issued: 21 February 1976
Revised: 17 Februarv 1978
ROCKWELL PILOT'S
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION IV
114 NORMAL PROCEDURES

OPERATIO.N KIAS CONFIGURA TION


Initial Climb
Short Field 69* MINIMUM Gear DOWN, Flaps - 20 0
Maximum
Performance
Takeoffs: Initial Climb
Soft Field 69* MINIMUM Gear DOWN, Flaps - 20 0

Approach
Short Field 71* MINIMUM Gear OOWN, flaps - 35 0
Maximum
Performance
Landings: Approach
Soft Field Gear OOWN, flaps - 35 0
71* MINIMUM

Best Rate-of-Climb 91-S.L.**


89 - 5000 Ft. Gear UP, Flaps UP
C

Vy 85 - 10 ,000 Ft.
op
y rig

Best Angle of Climb 79 - S.L. **


80 - 5000 Ft.
ht

Gear UP, Flaps UP


81 10,000 Ft.
C

Vx
om

* Smooth Air Only, increase as required for turbulence.


m

** Straight Line Variation Between Altitudes.


an
de *
r O *un

Figure 4-2. Airspeeds For Normal Operations


w off
ne ic

TAKEOFFS
rs ial

IIOIE
G co
ro p

Proper full throttle engine operation should be checked


up y*

early in the takeoff roll. Any significant indication of


20 *

rough or sluggish engine response is reason to discontinue


13

the takeoff.
Al
lR
ig
ht
s
R
es

When takeoff must be made over a gravel surface, it is


er

important that the throttle be applied slowly. This will


ve

allow the aircraft to start rolling before a high RPM is


d

developed, and gravel or loose material will be blown


back from the propeller area instead of being pulled into it.

I I
NORMAL TAKEOFF
WARNING

Takeoffs with less than 11 gallons of usable fuel are not recommended. I
1. Fuel Pump Switch - ON.
2. Mixture - FULL RICH.
3. Wing Flaps - 10 DEGREES.

Issued: 21 February 1976 DATA ON THIS PAGE IS F.A.A. APPROVED 4-7


Revised: 11 April 1980
PilOT'S ROCKWELL
SECTION IV OPERATING HANDBOOK COMMANDER
NORMAL PROCEDURES 114

NOTI
Takeoff flap setting in excess of 20 degrees is not recommended.

4. Power - FULL THROTTLE AND 2700 RPM.

NOTI
Takeoffs at density altitudes greater than 5000 feet may require
leaning in order to obtain smooth engine operation.

5. Elevator Control - SLIGHTLY AFT OF NEUTRAL.


6. Rotate - 69 KIAS.
7. Climb Speed - 72 KIAS.
8. Landing Gear RETRACT, when safely airborne.
9. Wing Flaps - RETRACT after obstacle clearance is assured.
C
op

CROSSWIND TAKEOFF
yrig

NOTE
ht
C

Maximum demonstrated crosswind is 19 knots.


om
m

L Fuel Pump Sv.1tch - ON.


an

2. ivUxture - FULL RICH.


de *

3. Wing Flaps - 10 DEGREES.


r O *un

4. Power - FULL THROTTLE and 2700 RPM.


w off

5. Aileron Control - FULL AILERON, into the wind. Reduce aileron deflection
ne ic

as speed is increased.
rs ial

6. Elevator Control SLIGHTLY FORWARD OF NEUTRAL.


G co

7. Rotate - 75 KIAS.
ro p
up y*

NOTI
20 *

The aircraft should be positively rotated to preclude the


13

possibility of skidding the main gear tires as might be


encountered during a gradual rotation. Make a coordinated
Al
lR

turn to maintain track.


ig
ht

8. Climb Speed - 80 KlAS .


s

9. Landing Gear - RETRACT, when safely airborne.


R

10. Wing Flaps - RETRACT.


es
er
ve

SHORT FIELD TAKEOFF


d

1. Fuel Pump Switch - ON.


2. Mixture - FULL RICH.
3. Wing Flaps - 20 DEGREES.
4. Brakes - HOLD.
5. Power - FULL THROTTLE and 2700 RPM.
6. Brakes - RELEASE.
7. Elevator Control - SLIGHTLY AFT OF NEUTRAL.
8. Rotate - 66 KIAS.
9. Climb Speed - 69 KIAS.
10. Landing Gear - RETRACT, when safely airborne.
11. Wing Flaps - RETRACT when obstacles are safely cleared and airspeed has increased to 80 KlAS .
12. Climb Speed - Best Rate of Climb Speed or As Required.
SOFT FIELD TAKEOFF - NO OBSTACLES

1. Fuel Pump Switch - ON.


2. Mixture - FULL RICH.
3. Wing Flaps - 20 DEGREES.
4. Power - FULL THROTTLE and 2700 RPM.
5. Elevator Control - FULL AFT.
4-8 Issued: 21 February 1976
ROCKWELL PILOT'S
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTlONIV
114 NORMAL PROCEDURES

As the nose gear lifts off the runway, the elevator control will
have to be readjusted to maintain a constant nose high attitude
during the takeoff roll without dragging the tail skid.

6. Takeoff Roll/Liftoff NOSE mGH.

NOTE
Nose gear should be just clear of the runway during the takeoff
roll and subsequent liftoff.

7. Climb - 69 KlAS.
8. Landing Gear - RETRACT, when safely airborne.
9. Wing Flaps - RETRACT after increasing airspeed to 80 KlAS .
C
op

SOFT FIELD TAKEOFF - OBSTACLES AHEAD


y rig
ht

1. Fuel Pump Switch - ON.


C

2. Mixture - FULL RICH.


om

3. Wing Flaps - 20 DEGREES.


4. Power - FULL THROTTLE and 2700 RPM.
m
an

5. Elevator Control - FULL AFT .


de *

NOTE
r O *un

As the nose gear lifts off the runway, the elevator control will
w off

have to be adjusted to maintain a constant nose high attitude


ne ic

during the takeoff roll.


rs ial
G co

6. Takeoff Roll/Liftoff NOSE mGH.


ro p
up y*
20 *

NOTE
13

Nose wheel should be just clear of the runway.


Al
lR

7. Climb - 69 KlAS.
ig

8. Landing Gear - RETRACT, when safely airborne.


ht

9. Wing Flaps - RETRACT when obstacles are safely cleared and airspeed has increased to SO KlAS.
s
R
es
er

NORMAL CLIMB
ve
d

1. Airspeed - 100 to 120 KlAS.


2. Manifold Pressure - FULL THROTTLE or 25 IN.HG., whichever is less.
3. Engine Speed - 2500 RPM.
4. Mixture - FULL RICH below 5000 feet density altitude and LEAN as required for smooth engine
operation above 5000 feet density altitude.
5. Cowl Flaps - AS REQUIRED.
6. Strobe Lights (if installed) - ON, unless flying through fog, clouds, or haze.

NOTE
Using strobe lights during flight through fog, clouds, or
dense haze conditions can be unnecessarily distracting to
the pilot, possibly resulting in disorientation.
MAXIMUM PERFORMANCE CLIMB
1. Airspeed - 91 KIAS at SEA LEVEL and 85 KlAS at 10,000 feet.
2. Manifold Pressure - MAXIMUM (Full throttle).
3. Engine Speed - 2700 RPM.
4. Mixture - FULL RICH below 5000 feet density altitude and LEAN as required for smooth engine
operation above 5000 feet density altitude.
5. Cowl Flaps - AS REQUIRED.
Issued: 21 February 1976 DATA ON THIS PAGE IS FAA. APPROVED 4-9
Revised: 11 Aoril 19S0
PILOT'S ROCKWELL
SECTION IV OPERATING HANDBOOK COMMANDER
NORMAL PROCEDURES 114

CRUISE

I 1.
2.
Sudden or abrupt throttle movement may result in an engine over-
speed condition. Should an overspeed condition be observed, contact
Lycoming Service Representative for instructions.

Cowl Flaps - AS RFQUIRFD, to maintain proper operating temperatures.


Manifold Pressure - 15 to 24 IN. HG.
3. Engine Speed - 2200 to 2700 RPM.
4. Power - 75% MCP OR LESS.

NOTE
For more detailed information concerning cruise power settings,
refer to Section V of this handbook.

5. Fuel Pump S";i.tch - OFF.


C
op

6. Mixture - B' ,ST POWER or BEST ECONOMY.


y
rig

NOTE
ht
C

Leaning should be accomplished using the Exhaust Gas Temperature


om

(EGT) indicating system when practical. If it should be impractical


m

to do so, leaning can be accomplished by utilizing the cruise perfor-


an

mance fuel flow data presented in Section V of this handbook. For a


de *

best power mixture, lean to peak EGT and enrichen until the EGT
r O *un

decreases by 100 o F. For best economy mixture, lean to peak EGT.


w off

Enrichen mixture prior to increasing engine power.


ne ic
rs ial
G co
ro p
up y*

Do not lean to peak EGT when operating above approximately


75% MCP.
20 *
13

7. Fuel Selector Valve - AS REQUIRED to maintain lateral trim.


Al
lR

DESCENT
ig
ht
s

I
R
es
er

Sudden or abrupt throttle movement may result in an engine over-


ve

speed condition. Should an overspeed condition be observed, contact


d

LYCOming Service Representative for instructions.

l. Mixture - FULL RICH.

NOTE
If engine is rough with full rich mixture lean for smoothness
as required.

2. Throttle - AS REQUIRED.
3. Engine Speed - AS REQUIRED.

NOTE
Adjust manifold pressure and RPM to maintain cylinder head
and oil temperature in their normal operating range.

4. Cowl Flaps - CLOSED.

4-10 DATA ON THIS PAGE IS F.A.A. APPROVED Issued: 21 February 1976


T""O _ _ _ ~ _ _ _' 11 A _ _ !1 1nO(\
ROCKWELL PILOT'S
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION IV
114 NORMAL PROCEDURES

BEFORE LANDING

1.
2.
Seats, Seat Belts and Shoulder Straps
Fuel Selector - BOTH,
ADJUST and SECURE (front seats in upright position), I
3. Fuel Pump S\\itch - ON,
4. Landing Gear EXTEND.
5. Flaps - 20 DEGREES.
6. Mixture FULL RICH.
NO'IE
Maximum demonstrated crosswind is 19 knots.

BALKED LANDING

1. Power - FULL THROTTLE and 2700 RPM.


2. Landing Gear - RETRACT.
3. Flaps - 20 DEGREES.
4. Airspeed - 69 KIAS l\flNlMUM.
C

5. Cowl Flaps - OPEN.


op
yr

Vihen a positive rate-of-climb has been established:


ig
ht

6. Airspeed - 80 KIAS.
C

7. Flaps RETRACT.
om
m
an

NORMAL LANDING
de
r O **un

1. Propeller Control - FULL FORWARD.


w off

2. Power - AS REQUIRED.
ne ic

3. Flaps - 35 DEGREES.
rs ial

4. Airspeed - 80 KIAS.
G co

5. Touchdown - MAIN WHEELS FIRST.


ro p

6. Braking - l\flNlMUM required.


up y*
20 *
13

SHORT FIELD LANDING


Al
l

1. Propeller Control - FULL FORWARD.


R

2. Flaps 35 DEGREES.
ig
ht

3. Po,ver - IDLE.
s

4. Airspeed - 71 KIAS l\flNlMUM.


R
es
er
ve
d

This final approach speed is a minimum speed for a smooth air condition.
This approach speed should be increased as required (typically 5 to 15 KIAS),
if turbulence or ;vind shear conditions exist.

5. Touchdown - MAIN WHEELS FIRST.


6. Flaps - RETRACT.
7. Braking - MAXIMUM.
8. Elevator Control - FULL AFT during braked roll-out.

Issued: 21 February 1976


Revised: 6 April 1977 4-11
PILOT'S ROCKWELL
SECTION IV OPERATING HANDBOOK COMMANDER
NORMAL PROCEDURES 114

SOFT FIELD LANDING

FINAL APPROACH

1. Propeller Control - FULL FORWARD.


2. Flaps - 35 DEGREES.

3. Manifold Pressure - 12 to 14 IN.HG.


4. Airspeed - 71 KIAS. MINTh1UM.

[~]

I 5.
6.
This final approach speed is a minimum speed for a smooth air
condition. This approach speed should be increased as required
(typically 5 to 15 KIAS) if turbulence or wind shear conditions exist.

Touchdown - MAlN WHEELS FIRST.


Rollout - NOSE llGH with nose wheel just clear of the runway.
C

NOTE
op
yr

A slight amount of power should be maintained during touchdown.


ig

Close the throttle during the roll-out.


ht
C
om

AFTER LANDING
m
an

1. Flaps - RETRACT.
de

2. Cowl Flaps OPEN.


r O **un

3. Fuel Pump Switch - OFF.


w off

4. Strobe Lights (if installed) - OFF.


ne ic
rs ial
G co

SHUTDOWN
ro p
up y*

1. Parking Brake - SET.


20 *

2. Radio Master Switch 0 FF .


13

3. Electrical Equipment - OFF.


Al

4. Mixture - IDLE CUTOFF.


l

5. Ignition Sv.1.tch - OFF.


R
ig

6. MasterSwitch OFF.
ht

7. Controls Lock INSTALL.


s

8. Fuel Selector - OFF.


R
es

9. Tie- Downs - SECURE


er
ve
d

NOISE CHARACTERISTICS

Certified maximum noise level for the Rockwell Commander 114 per Federal Aviation Regulation
Procedures is 7B. 47 DB(A).

"No determination has been made by the Federal Aviation Administration that the noise levels of this
airplane are or should be acceptable or unacceptable for operation at, into, or out of, any airport."

Despite the fact that the Rockwell Commander 114 noise level is below established noise level limits,
all pilots can demonstrate a concern for environmental improvement by application of the following
flight procedures:

1. Even though flights below 2000 feet may be consistent with Federal Aviation Regulations under
VFR conditions, pilots should make an effort to avoid such flights over recreational areas or
outdoor assemblies of people in order to minimize the effect of airplane noise on the public.

2. During departu re or approach over public areas, every effort should be made to avoid pro-
longed flight at low altitude.

Issued: 21 February 1976


4-12 DATA ON THIS PAGE IS F.A.A. APPROVED Revised: 11 April 1980
Utii'
D rn SECTION V :::0:::0
~ C "",00
., ro ~O
n 0-
..
~~
~
'1:>:)

" ....
PERFORMANCE
Or-'
"~~ TABLE OF CONTENTS trlr-'
, 0' :::0
1 "1
::;~
Figure No. Page No.
-"1
0,<
-.1 INTRODUCTION ................................................................... . 5- 2
-.1 .....

C
CD VARIABLE FACTORS AFFECTING PERFORMANCE ................................... . 5- 2

op
--.1
0> FLIGHT PLANNING ................................................................ . 5- 3

yr
5-1 THROTTLE CLOSED STALL SPEEDS ............................................... . 5- 7

ig
5-2 AIRSPEED CALIBRATION (PRIMARY STATIC SOURCE) ............................... . 5- 9

ht
5-3 AIRSPEED CALIBRATION (ALTERNATE STATIC SOURCE) WINOOW OPEN .............. . 5-11

C
om
5-4 AIRSPEED CALIBRATION (ALTERNATE STATIC SOUHCE) WINOOW CLOSED ........... . 5-13
5-5 ALTIMETER CORRECTION (PRlMARY STATIC SOURCE) .............................. . 5-15

m
5-6 ALTIMETER CORRECTION (ALTERNATE STATIC SOURCE) WINDOW OPEN ............. . 5-17

an
5-7 ALTIMETER CORRECTION (ALTERNATE STATIC SOURCE) WINDOW CLOSED .......... . 5-19 o

de *
TEMPERATURE CONVERSION ................................................. , .... . 5- 21
-c
5-8 m

r O *un
5-9 WIND COMPONENTS ........................................................... , .. . 5-23 :;0

w off
5-10 NORMAL TAKEOFF GROUND ROLL DISTANCE, 10 DEG FLAPS ....................... . 5-25 l>

ne ic
-t
5-11 NORMAL TAKEOFF DISTANCE TO 50-FT HEIGHT, 10 DEG FLAPS .................... . 5-27

rs ial
5-12 SHORT FIELD TAKEOFF GROUND ROLL DISTANCE, 20 DEG FLAPS ................... . 5-29 Z-c
Q-

G co
5-13 SHORT FIELD TAKEOFF DISTANCE TO 50-FT HEIGHT, 20 DEG FLAPS ................ . 5-31 r-

ro p
5-14 5-33 IO

up y*
RATE OF CLIMB, CLEAN CONFIGURATION - SiN 14000 THRU 14149 .................. .
5-15 RATE OF CLIMB, CLEAN CONFIGURATION - SiN 14150 & SUBS ....................... . 5-35 l>~

20 *
5-16 TIME, DISTANCE & FUEL IN CLIMB - SiN 14000 THRU 14149 ......................... . 5-37 ZVI

13
5-17 TIME, DISTANCE & FUEL IN CLIMB - SiN 14150 & SUBS ............................. . 5-39 o
c::J

Al
5-18 CRUISE POWER SETTING TABLE (SEA LE'VEL PRESSURE ALTITUDB) ................. . 5-41
o

lR
5-19 CRUISE POWER SETTING TABLE (2000 FEET PRESSURE ALTITUDE) .................. . 5-42
o

ig
5-20 CRUISE POWER SETTING TABLE (4000 FEET PRESSURE ALTITUDE) .................. . 5-43

ht
5-21 CRUISE POWER SETTING TABLE (6000 FEET PRESSURE ALTITUDE) .................. . 5-44 A

s
5-22 CHUISE POWER SETTING TABLE (8000 FEET PRESSURE ALTITUDE) .................. . 5-45

R
es
5-23 CRUISE POWER SETTING TABLE (10,000 FEET PRESSURE ALTITUDE) ................ . 5-46

er
5-24 CRUISE POWER SETTING TABLE (12,000 FEET PRESSURE ALTITUDE) ................ . 5-47

ve
5-25 CRUISE POWER SETTING TABLE (14,000 FEET and 15,000 FEET PRESSURE ALTITUDE) 5-48

d
5-26 CRUISE TRUE AIRSPEED - SiN 14000 THRU 14149 ................................... . 5-51
5-27 CRUISE TRUE AIRSPEED - SiN 14150 & SUBS ....................................... . 5-53
5-28 RANGE - SiN 14000 THRU 14149 .................................................... . 5-55
5-29 RANGE - s/N 14150 & SUBS ........................................................ . 5-57
5-30 ENDURANCE PROFILES - SiN 14000 THRU 14149 ..................................... . 5-59
5-31 ENDURANCE PROFILES - SiN 14150 & SUBS ......................................... . 5-61
'i:i
5-32 HOLDING TIME ................................................................... . 5-63 M
5-33 TIME, DISTANCE & FUEL IN DESCENT - SiN 14000 THRU 14149 ...................... . 5-65 :::0
5-67 'TlUl
5-34 TIME, DISTANCE & FUEL IN DESCENT - SiN 14150 & SUBS .............. , ............ . OM
5-35 LANDING GROUND ROLL DISTANCE ......................... , ...................... . 5-69 :::00
5-36 LANDING DISTANCE FROM 50 FT HEIGHT ... ' .......................... , ............ . ~>-3
5-71 ~ .....
MILES PER HOUH TO KNOTS CONVERSION .............. , ............................ . 5-72 zO
<:.J1
I
5-37 oz
..... 5-37 NAUTICAL MILES TO STATUTE MILES CONVERSION .......................... , ..... . 5-72 M<:
<:..n
I INTRODUCTION '1jC/l
ttl ttl
'" ::D<l

The graphs and tables in this section present performance information for flight
Examples of the use of each graph is shown on the graphs,
at valiolls , powers, altitudes and temperatures 'I >rJ::l
00
::D
;s:Z
><
R
ttl
VARIABLE FACTORS AFFECTING PERFORMANCE
The effects of temperature, gross weight, pressure altitude, airspeed and airplane configuration have been accounted for in this data, Variable
factors that have not been accolll1ted for include the following: Humidity, Runway Slopes or Wet Runways.

C
op
yr
ig
ht
o

C
om
."
m

m
;;ttl

an
~

de *
Z."

r O *un
G'>i=

w off
:r:2

ne ic
rs ial
Vi
z

G co
o

ro p
up y*
D:I
o

20 *
o

13
"

Al
lR
ig
ht
s
R
es
....

er
(fj

ve
ul?J

d
~ (1)
~. ?-
Jl
1> N
l. ....
,,"1 <l
,,(1)
0'
0::0
1>;:1 ~R

~~
~~. I
>1

--....
:0
..J-:.
eo .... Mt-<
~::Dt-<
..JO)
::or; FLIGHT PLANNING .... 0::0
ro til
:;:;:00
~.
r::
<: ro
2;::0
0.
~~
til
ro .
?-N The fli ght planning data presented on the following pages provides accurate and complete information from brake release to final stup. Desc ripti ve
N ..... ZM
N'Tj text explains the use of each chart. The data presented is for normal operation and when combined with the "FAA APPROVED" informatiun will tjr-'
>ro provide the necessary background for flight planning. Most flight planning infurmation is based on fli~t tests and is consistent with the operating Mr-'
-00- ::0
~ 2 procedures and limitations set forth in the "FAA APPROVED" information.
...... p'
'i The flight planning example presented here uses the figures for airplane SiN 14150 & Subs. For flight planning information on airplane SiN 140001
0'< thru 14149, the procedure is the same except use the charts applicable to those serial numbers.
-.l .....
-.l<D

C
-.l .
The flight planning example presents procedures which utilize takeoff, climb, cruise, descent and landing performance charts. The sample

op
O"l
flight log on page 5-6 will aid in following each step of the procedure. It should be noted that this example does not necessarily currespond to

yr
the example shown on each individual chart.

ig
ht
FLIGHT PLANNING EXAM PLE

C
om
A flight from Oklahoma City (OKC) to Houston (HOU) is presented in this example.

m
Runway Data at (OKC)

an
Outside Air Temperature 20 0 C (68 0 F) * o

de *
A vailable Runway Length 9500 FT -c

r O *un
m
Field Pressure Altitude 1100 IT ~

w off
Reported Wind 120 DEG (MAG)/14 KT l>

ne ic
Runway Direction 170 DEG (MAG) -i

rs ial
Airplane Ramp Weight 3140 LB Z-c

G co
Cruise Data G);:::

ro p
Outside Air Temperature 0
5 C
Ig

up y*
Cruise Pressure Altitude to (HOU) 5000 IT

20 *
l>V;
Reported Wind Aloft: (OKC to HOU) 230 DEG (TRUE)/15 KT
I Z

13
Course to (HOU) . 160 DEG (TRUE) (151 DEG MAG)
Distance (OKC) to (HOU) o

Al
351 NM (DIRECT) OJ

lR
Runway Data at (HOU)
Outside Air Temperature 25 0 C (77 0 F) *
o
o

ig
ht
A vailable Runway Length 7600 FT A

s
Field Pressure Altitude 200 FT

R
Reported Wind 320 DEG (MAG)/6 KT

es
Runway Direction 210 DEG (MAG)

er
ve
Assume fuel required for start and taxi at 9 LB. Therefore; Airplane Takeoff Wei~t 3131 LB

d
TAKEOFF
Takeoff performance can be obtained for flap deflections of 10 and 20 DEG.
From Figure 5-11 for 10 DEG Flaps: NORMAL TAKEOFF,
Lift-Off Speed 69 KIAS
50- FT Height Speed 72 KIAS
From Figure 5- 9, using 15 KT wind at 50 D EG from left of runway
'C
Headwind Component 10 KT
~
I
From Figure 5-10
U)
Ground Roll Distance 1460 FT OM
From Figure 5-11 ::00
Takeoff Distance to 50 IT 2480 FT ~j
zO
CJl
oZ
I
W * The airport tower and weather bureau normally give surface temperatures in DEG F. M<:
Ul
I FLIGHT PLANNING (eONTD) "elm
trltrl
"'" ;;;
CLIMB
A climb at Maximum Continuous Power is assumed; Enter Figure 5-17 at 1100 FT field pressure altitude and 20 DEG C and determine Time,
Distance and Fuel; then using the cruise altitude of 5000 FT and 5 DEG C again determine Time, Distance and Fuel. The differencp between
I 5;<
00
~Z
these two sets of data is the Time, Distance and Fuel required to climb from field pressure altitude to cruise pressure altitude. (')
trl
Sea Level To Sea Level To Field Field Presbure Altitude


Cruise Altitude Pressure Altitude To Cruise Altitude
Time 5.5 MIN minus 1.2 MIN equals 4.3 MIN
Zero Wind Distance 9.0 NM minus 2.0 NM equals 7.0 NM
Fuel 1.8U.S.Gal minus 0.4 U.S.Gal equals 1.4 U.S.Gal (8.4 LB)

C
From Figure 5-9, using a wind velocity of 15 KT from 230 DEG, 70 DEG to of true course, read:
I

op
Headwind Component 5 KT

yr
ig
The distance in climb with wind is computed as follows:

ht
J o

C
C NM 4.3 MIN
I

om
Distance 7.0NM _~5 HR )X( 60MIN/HR j 6.6NM
"m

m
;lO

an
Weight at level off (including 9 LB start and taxi. allowance) is 3123 LB.
....
:z:8
de *
CRUISE

r O *un
Select the cruise type desired: 55 percent of MCP at 2300 RPM. At a pressure altitude of 5000 FT and an average cruise weight of 3000 LB,
Z"
(i);::

w off
determine the Cruise True Airspeed from Figure 5-27.

ne ic
rs ial
Cruise True Airspeed '" 131 KTAS * vi
z

G co
ro p
To determine Level Flight Cruise performance use the Cruise Power Setting Charts, Figures 5-20 and 5-21, a of which is reproduced o

up y*
below. c:J
o

20 *
o
----

13
PRESSURE ENGINE %BHP IOAT MANIFOLD FUEL
A

Al
ALTITUDE SPEED PRESSURE FLOW

lR
FT RPM PERCENT DEG C IN HG U . S . GAL/HI{

ig
4000 2300 55 0 19.9 11.2

ht
6000 2300 55 0 19.6 11.2

s
R
4000 2300 55 10 20.4 11.2

es
6000 2300 55 10 20.1 11.2

er
......
l)'l

ve
~gJ From the table interpolate for 5000 IT and 5 DEG C to find:

d
ro ro
<$:l. Fuel Flow. 11.2 U.S. GAL/HR
m'~ Manifold Pressure 21.8 IN. HG.
tt . . .
~ "j . The distance to Houston from level off is 351 NM less the climb distance of 7 NM or 344 NM. Enter Figure 5-9 using a wind velocity of 15 KT (')
N~ from 230 DEG, 70 DEG to right of true course and read: O~
>>1 Headwind Component 5 KT ~g
'O~
::1.>1 ~~
I-'~trl
.... * Figure5-27 is presented for 3140 LBS. Therefore, the actual cruise speed will be slightly higher. This will result in a small increase
.... I-'
COCO
-:J-:J
in range. I-'trlt"
-:J 0> "'"~t"
:;0'""'
ro tfl FLIGHT PLANNING (CONTD) :::n~
",,00
<' tfl
,..:. C
ro
;<.::(')
~~
[fl
ro 0. CRUISE (Continued)

I ~~
0. ..
. N
N .... the ground speed as true ai minus the \Iind or n:n KTAS - 5 KT 126 KTAS. Tillle: and fuel ean be computed or'
N'TI Time :)44/126 2.73 HR .t Mt-
;J>ro
00- Fuel .~ 11.2 x 2.7:1 30.513 U .S.GAL 118:305 T n\ .. ::0
..,
_. C'"1
-11.1
...... '"1
",'<
.. These are intermediate calculations which do not illelude the descent distance allowance The final caleulation is presf'ntecl later .
...:.1 .......

C
...Jeo DESCENT
...J

op
m
To compute the descent performance, enter Figure 5- 34 and read:

yr
ig
C rui se AUi tu de Field Pressure

ht
Cruise AllHude To
To Sea Level Altitude To Sea Level Field Pressure Altitude

C
om
Time 5.0 MIN minus 0.2 MIN equals 4.8 MIN

m
I
Zero Wind Distance 13.9 NM minus 1.2 NM equals 12.7NM

an
Fuel 0.55 U .S.Gal Illinus 0.03 U.S.Gal equals 0.52 U.S.Gal (3.1
o

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The distance in descent with the wind is: m
~

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l>

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Distance = 12.7 NM - l(5 NM )X( 4.8 MIN ~ -'- 12.3 NM
I
-4

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lIR 60 MIN/HRj Z"'tJ

G co
G);:::

ro p
The distance from Houston to begin letdown point is 12 NM.
I9

up y*
The total cruise time and fuel consumption can now be calculated:

20 *
l>V;

I
z

13
Time (344 - 12}/126 2.635 HR 2 HR 38 MIN
o

Al
Fuel 11.2 x 2.635 29.51 U.S. GAL .1 ttl
o

lR
oA

ig
LANDING

ht
The weight at touchdown is:

s
R
Weight:; 3140 LB - 9.0 LB - B.4 LB - 177.1 LB - 3.1 LB = 2942.4 LB.

es
er
The landing performance can be obtained from Figure 5-36. It should be noted that the data in this fi{,'Ure is presented for 3140 LB

ve
therefore the data will be conservative for 2942 LB.

d
To get the landing distance, first enter Figure 5-9 with a wind of 6 KT at 110 DEG relative to the runway direction, and read:
Tailwind Component 2 KT
Then with a Pressure Altitude of 200 FT, a Wind of 2 KT and Indicated Outside Air of 25 DEG C'
From 5-35
Final Approach 71 KIAS "0
M
Landing Ground Roll 7[)O FT ::0
and From Figure 5-36 'TIw
Landing Distance From 50 FT 1322 IT OM
~~
~5
()Z
CJ1
I
CJ1 M<
C]1 'dUl
I
0>
MM
::0(')
"'l>-3
0 .....
~~
~<
(')
M

SAMPLE FLIGHT LOG I

C
WIND


GROUND

op
LEG DISTANCE TRUE TIME AVERAGE FUEL INITIAL
AIRSPEED COMP* SPEED LEG/TOTAL FUEL FLOW LEG/TOTAL WEIGHT

yr
-

ig
SEE BELOW KTAS KT KT HR:MIN LB/HR LD LB

ht
RAMP -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 3140

C
o

om
TAKEOFF (OKC) 2480 FT -- +10 -- 0:10/0:10 54.0 9.0/9.0 3131 -c
CLIMB 7 NM 84 79 100.8 3123 m

m
+ 5 0:05/0:15 8.4/17.4
,.;l

an
CRUISE 332 NM 131 + 5 126 2:38/2:53 67.2 177 . 1/194 . 5 2946
2942

de *
DESCENT 12 NM 144 + 5 139 0:05/2:58 37.2 3.1/197.6 -;
LANDING (HOU) 1322 FT -- -- -- 2942

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- 2 0:00/2:58 0.0/197.6 I
Z-c

w off
G);::

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* (+) Indicates a Headwind Ig

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(-) Indicates a Tailwind vi

G co
Z

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o

up y*
c::J

20 *
o

13
o

Al
"

lR
ig
ht
s
R
es
er
ve
OJ'
;ogJ

d
ro ro
~. Po-
~ N
c. ....
"'l (')
Nro 0::0
NO"
>2 ~?5
~~
~.~
-'<
........ .... ~~
..... Mt"'
"''''
""'"'"
"'" 0>
..,.::ot"'
.....
[Jl
THROTTLE CLOSED STALL SPEEDS :::()!:l.i
~
(!l
"'~X
?- The variation of Throttle Closed Stall Speeds with Bank Angle, Flight Configuration, and Airplane Weight is shown in Figure 5-1 for Cruise, I ~ ~
N Takeoff, and Landing Configurations. >~
..... ZM
"l'j tJt""
(!l Mt""
[ ASSOCIA TED CONDITIONS ::0

e;
'< Power THROTTLE CLOSED
.....

C
to
...;)

op
CT.> Configuration CRUISE TAKEOFF TAKEOFF TAKEOFF LANDING
o DEG o DEG

yr
Wing Flaps 10 DEG 20 DEG 35 DEG

ig
Landing Gear RETRACTED EXTENDED EXTENDED EXTENDED EXTENDED
I

ht
Cowl Flaps CLOSED OPEN OPEN OPEN CLOSED

C
om
Trim Speed 150 PERCENT OF STALL SPEED

m
an
Stall Entry Rate UrnFORMLY DECREASING AT 1 KT/SEC.
o-0

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EXAMPLE m
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l>

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GIVEN: Gross Weight 3140 LB -I

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Configuration CRUISE (Gear: Retracted, Flaps: 0 Deg.)

I
Z-o

G co
Bank Angle o DEG G'l;::

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up y*
FIND: Stall Speed Fig. 5-1 60 KCAS :I: 9

20 *
l>v;

13
Z
C

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o:J

lR
THROTTLE CLOSED STALL SPEEDS - CALIBRATED AIRSPEED, KNOTS o

ig
oA

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GROSS WEIGHT - 3140 LBS GROSS WEIGHT - 2500 LBS

s
R

GEAR GEAR GEAR GEAR GEAR GEAR GEAR GEAR GEAR GEAR

es
RET. EXT. EXT. EXT. EXT. RET. EXT. EXT. EXT. EXT.

er
FLAPS FLAPS FLAPS FLAPS FLAPS FLAPS FLAPS FLAPS FLAPS FLAPS

ve
l 0 0 10 20 35 0 0 10 20 35

d
~o:l -150 60
61
63
64
60
61
58
59
55
56
54
55
56
57
54

55
52
52
49
50
iJ:.rn
O[il
-30 64 67 64 61 59 57 59 57 55 52
[il[il '---
...:lJJ:: 45 72 75 72 69 66 64 66 64 61 58 't1
C1C1 r--- M
Z[il
85 89 82 79 76 73 !:l.i
<:0 60 85 78 76
---- - - ..... ~
70 "l'jrn
OM

~B
t.l'1
I
Z@
...;) Figure 5-1_ Q<
U'I
I
O:l
AIRSPEED CALIBRATION (PRIMARY STATIC SOURCE) 'ijUl
tritri
::on
The variation of Calibrated Airspeed with Indicated Airspeed is shown in Figure 5-2 for Takeoff, Cruise and Landing Configurations. It applies d:j
only when the Primary Static Pressure Source has been selected. ::00
<,Z
:;<
Z
ASSOCIATED CONDITIONS n
tri
Power SUFFICIENT FOR LEVEL FLIGHT (Nominal)

C
Confi guration TAKEOFF CRUISE LANDING

op
Wing Flaps 10 or 20 DEG o DEG 35 DEG

yr
Landing Gear EXTENDED RETRACTED EXTENDED

ig
Cowl Flaps OPEN CLOSED CLOSED

ht
C
om
TECHNIQUE

m
an
Select the Primary Static Pressure Source. Read the airspeed indicator and determine the Calibrated Airspeed from the chart. Note that this
technique assumes zero instrument error for the airspeed indicator. o

de *
."

r O *un
m
EXAMPLE ;:IC

w off
ne ic
-t
GIVEN: Configuration CRUISE

rs ial
Indicated Airspeed 121 KIAS Z."

G co
G'>i=

zJ:2
ro p
up y*
FIND: Calibrated Airspeed Fig. 5-2 123 KCAS
V;

20 *
13
o

Al
O:J
o

lR
o

ig
ht
A

s
R
es
er
ve
d
.....
O'l

::<:!~
CD m
<Po-
.....
~I>.)
0. ....
. "l
()
1>.)(1)
NO'
NOTE: If the particular airspeed indicator instrument mechanical errors are known, apply these to the Indicated Airspeed before
0::tJ
>2 entering the chart.
~R
~~
'Op.l

~.:1
........
W I'D .... t::ltri
.-:1.-:1 ..... Mt"'
.-:10)
*"::tJt"'
::u~ PRIMARY AIRSPEED SYSTEM CALIBRATION ..... (1 ::u
rll (fl ;:00
<:
.....
~
(I) S::(1
~P.-
~~
N
N ......
N"'l
>(1)
"Co-
NOTE: INDICATED AIRSPEED ASSUMES ZERO INSTRUMENT ERROR
Or<
Mr<
::0
::!.
-p.>
a
...... '1
"''<
-1 ......

C
-1",

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....:j
0)

yr
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ht
C
om
m
CRUISE TAKEOFF AND LANDING

an
o-0

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200 200

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m
~

w off

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I IS
Cf.l
E-< 180 ~ 180 -I

rs ial
o o Z-o

G co
~ Z
G'>i=

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~

up y*
~ 1 60 1-..-"-.-., .... ; . . . . . ~ 160 1-.. '''.''+

20 *
Q Vi
l:il

13
l:il
l:il
l:il
Z
f;j 140 f;j 140 1-... ; ..,.;..--..-,.. o

Al
f ..

p:: c:J

lR
p::
~ ~
o

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o

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~ 120 I-- .... :l~--t--:A~........L-......._t-,.. ~___ ,,_;.... ,I Q 120
'"

s
l:il

R
E-< E-<
~

es
~

er
III 100 ...... -t ... L._.....t-_,.. .. +:.. ; .....
~;.+-
e3 100

ve
~ ...:l

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u u
80 ~.:..:.L0 .. ;.. i ,if::;;,; ,.,..;...... ,,1 80

60 ~I _ _~-L____~______L-~__~~__~
60 " " r
60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 60 80 100 120 140 160 '0
M

~Cf.l
INDICATED AIRSPEED -..... KNOTS INDICATED AIRSPEED -..... KNOTS
OM
::U(1
S::>-l
>0
Zz,
<;)l (1
I
Figure 52. M<
'"
t.n >Or:./)
I
.......
AIRSPEED CAlIoRATION (ALTERNATE STATIC SOURCE) PilOT'S SIDE WINDOW ONLY-OPEN trltrl
o ::tIO
The variation of Calibrated Airspeed with Indicated is shown in Figure 5-3 for Takeoff, Cruise, and ion,;. It "'1:j
only when the Alternate Static Pressure Source has been selected. Only the Pilot's side window may be open. 00
::tIz
S':
><:
z
o
ASSOCIATED CONDITIONS
trl

Power SUFFICIENT FOR LEVEL FLIGHT (Nominal)

Configuration TAKEOFF CRUISE LANDING


Wing Flaps 10 or 20 DEG o DEG 35 DEG
Landing Gear EXTENDED RETRACTED EXTENDED

C
Cowl Flaps OPEN CLOSED CLOSED

op
Cabin Vent Control OFF OFF OFF

I
yr
Overhead Air Outlets OFF OFF OFF

ig
ht
Heater ON ON ON
Defroster ON ON ON

C
o

om
"m

m
TECHNIQUE

an
:;IItI
-I

de *
Select the Alternate Static Pressure Source. Read the airspeed indicator and determine the Calibrated Airspeed from the chart. Note that this

r O *un
technique assumes zero instrument error for the airspeed indicator, Only the Pilot's side window may be open.
Z"

w off
G>i=

ne ic
EXAMPLE
:rg

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V;

G co
GIVEN: Configuration CRUISE

ro p
Indicated Airspeed 121 KlAS Z
o

up y*
c:J

20 *
FIND: Calibrated Airspeed Fig. 5-3 114 KCAS
o

13
o

Al
"

lR
ig
ht
s
R
es
.....

er
rn

ve
::tI2!

d
(!)~
:S. "
tnt.)
~ ....
, >%j
1(1) NOTES: 1. If the particular airspeed indicator instrument mechanical errors are known, apply these to the Indicated Airspeed before entering o
IC' the chart. O::tl
>2
'tl III 2, If optional right side window is installed, it must be closed. ~R
~~
........
coco
3. A conveniently located plasticized card is provided in the cockpit, which tabulates the Airspeed Calibration information presented in
Figure 5-3.
I >~
. . 8M
-J-'I .... Mt"'
-'10) ~::tIt"'
..... ALTEHNATE AIHSPEED SYSTEM CALIBHATION
Ul
Ul
. .....
-(')~
00
~ ~<'(')
ro
0.
~~
N
,' ..... ~tTl
NOTE: 1. INDICATED AIRSPEED ASSUMES ZERO INSTRUMENT FHROR tJ r-'
"rj tTlr-'
ro 2. PILOT'S SIDE WINDOW ONLY-OPEN ~
cr'
.~
'"1 3. HEATER AND DEFROSTER ON
S
'"1
'
J
J .....

C
CD
--l

op
0'>

yr
ig
ht
C
om
m
TAKEOFF, CRUISE, AND LANDING

an
0

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200 "'tJ

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m
;:it!

w off

ne ic
~ 180

I ~

rs ial
0
Z~
~

G co
G')r-

ro p
l 0

up y*
160
I~
Cl

20 *
w Vi
w z

13
~ 140 0

Al
0::: CXJ

lR
~ 0

ig
~ 120 0

ht
MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE SPEED, ....

"

s
E-< PILOT'S SIDE WINDOW OPEN

R
<t: : t

MAj<'lMUMFLAPEXTENSi6NsPEED,VF~

es
0:::
~ 100 : (20-!5..~~~.~.~'.':~.s.) ........ __ ._

er
, .'

ve
~
<t:

d
U
80 ~ .. ; ..... ,.

60 J

60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 '0


tTl

~
INDICATED AIRSPEED""- KNOTS
OM
CIl
~(')
~>-j
;"0
(J1
J Zz
..... Q<
..... Figure 53.
G~
I
...... AIRSPEED CALIBRATION (ALTERNATE STATIC SOURCE) ALL SIDE WINDOWS CLOSED 'tjUl
ttl ttl
tv ::o()
The variation of Calibrated rurspeed with Indicated Airspeed is shown in Figure 5-4 for Takeoff. Cruise, and Landl ng . It applicos ITJ'"'l
only when the Alternate Static Pressure Source has been selected, and all side windows are CLOSED. 0-
::;:J0
:;.-Z
:;<
7.
ASSOCIATED CONDITIONS ()
ttl
Power SUFFICIENT FOR LEVEL FLIGHT (Nominal)

Configuration TAKEOFF CRUISE LANDING


Wing Flaps 10 or 20 DEG o DEG 35 DEG
Landing Gear EXTENDED RETRACTED EXTENDED

C
Cowl Flaps OPEN CLOSED CLOSED

op
Cabin Vent Control OFF OFF OFF

I
yr
Overhead Air Outlets OFF OFF OFF

ig
Heater

ht
ON ON ON
Defroster ON ON ON

C
o

om
Vent Window s CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED
"

m
m

an
TECHNIQUE ~
l>

de *
-;

r O *un
Select the Alternate Static Pressure Source. Read the Airspeed Indicator and determine the Calibrated rurspeed from the chart. Note that this
technique assumes Zero Instrument Error for the rurspeed Indicator. All side windows mu st be CLOSED. z"

w off
Glr:

ne ic
EXAMPLE :z:8

rs ial
l>.;;

G co
ro p
GIVEN: Configuration CRUISE Z

up y*
Indicated rurspeed 121 KIAS o

"
07

20 *
FIND: Calibrated Airspeed Fig.5-4 123 KCAS o

13
o

Al
lR
ig
ht
s
R
es
er
.....

ve
{Jl

::o[!J

d
<ll~
< .
~. N
0. ....
~>oj NOTES: 1. If the particular airspeed indicator instrument mechanical errors are known, apply these to the Indicated rurspeed before entering ()
Ng. the chart. 0::0
>2
~l'l 2. If optional side window is installed, it mu st be closed. ~g
~~
........
tOtO
...::r...::r
...::reT>
3. A conveniently located plasticized card is provided in the
Figure 5-4.
, which tabulates the rurspeed Calibration information presented in
I . . ~
.... ttlt"'
",,::Ot"'
::O(ji' ALTER"J'ATE AIHSPEED SYSTEM CALIBRATION ..... (') ::0
'D Ul ""00
<: J:
;;' ~
""'s::()
~"
'N
~~
Ztrl
N .... t:1 t"'
N NOTE: INDICATED AIRSPEED ASSUMES ZERO INSTRUMENT ERROR trlt"'
>~
00-
::0
:1'2
-l>:>
.... "1
<0
-l
-l ....

C
to

op
-l
0'>

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ig
ht
C
om
m
CRUISE TAKEOFF AND LANDING

an
o

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200r-:-!:-:-:----;---;-----------~ 200 "'0
m

r O *un
;lO

w off
l>

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en 180 1- .. l ._,...';,."l..+ en 180 1-.. ....... . . ...... .."......, -I

I ::r:2
rs ial
E-<
o EXCEED b
z
Z""C

G co
Z VNE G'>;:::

ro p
~ ~
160 . "" ....'" ., ... ;...,r.,."+",, .... 1

up y*
I---;~-f~"+'"-;
( 160 I- :-",,;+,,,,+::..,:..;1
l l>v:;

20 *
Q Q
w Z

13
W
~ 140 ....-',,,~f,,;~;,,; ,.,.. ..... ~,- ..\; .... ;........ !,.I g: 140 1-;r"1"1"+"" ........ +..~ o

Al
en OJ
en
o

lR
0:: 0::
!;i! < 120 I-.. o

ig
.."'-.. -+.. ;.~

ht
Q 120 1--+'-""'...:;:':""-:-'-._.rI-".".".".".+.."._'.". ""." "-"~~"''='''"I Q ~-;-
w "

s
W

R
E-< E-<
~

es
<
~ 1 00 1--,,-,,--t""-':"""~""";";r ... ;."".~,. , "

er
III 100

ve
~
~ -<

d
U U
80 F;+:....:.;IF,,;,,'~!, ., ",iI;,,; .. " \ + .............,.. 1 80 1-. ;.-:-"

60 I
60LI----~----~~--~~--L-~--~--~
60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 '"d
trl
::0
INDICATED AIRSPEED """V KNOTS INDICATED AIRSPEED - KNOTS >rj (Jl
Otrl
::0(')
S::..,
> .....
U1 zO
I ('}Z
.....
W Figure 54, trl<!
tJ1
ALTIMETER CORKECTION (PRIMARY STATIC SOURCE) 'l:JW
.....I trltrl
H:o ::0 (')
The variation of Altimeter Correction with Indicated Airspeed and Indicated Press11re Altitude is shown in Figure 5-5 for Cruise and "'1.-1
Landing configurations. They apply only when the Primary Static Pressure Source has been selected. 0-
::00
:?Z
ASSOCIATED CONDITIONS ;t:<
~
Power SUFFICIENT FOR LEVEL FLIGHT (Nominal) trI

Configuration TAKEOFF CRUISE LANDING


Wing Flaps 10 or 20 DEG o DEG 35 DEG
Landing Gear EXTENDED RETRACTED EXTENDED
Cowl Flaps OPEN CLOSED CLOSED

C
op
TECHNIQUE

yr
ig
DETERMINATION OF PRESSURE ALTITUDE (For use on performance charts)

ht
Select the Primary Static Pressure Source and set the barometric scale (Kollsman Window) of the altimeter to 29.92 inches of mercury.

C
Read the airspeed indicator and altimeter and determine the Altimeter Correction from the chart. To the Indicated Pressure Altitude read-
o

om
I
ing add the Altimeter Correction as noted on the chart. Note that tillS technique assumes zero instrument error. After pressure altitude "tl

m
has been deternlined, the altimeter should be re-adjusted to local barometric pressure. m

an
:;IC

de *
EXAMPLE A -4

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Z"tl

w off
GIVEN: Configuration TAKEOFF (10 DEG FLAPS)
G'>;::

ne ic
Indicated Pressure Altitude S.L. 0 FT
J:g

rs ial
Indicated Airspeed 70 KIAS

G co
v\
o
ro p
FIND: Altimeter Correction Fig. 5-5 10 FT Z

up y*
Calibrated Pressure Altitude 0+10 = 10 FT o

20 *
0::1

13
I '"
DETERMINATION OF FLIGlIT ALTITUDE
With the altimeter set to the local barometric pressure, flight altitude can be determined o

Al
adding the altimeter correction found on the

lR
chart to the indicated altitude. This technique assumes zero instrument error.

ig
ht
EXAMPLE B

s
R

GIVEN: Configuration CRUISE

es
Indicated Pressure Altitude 5000 FT

er
....til

ve
Indicated Airspeed 121 KIAS

d
::ogJ
FIND: Altimeter Correction Fig. 5-5 25 FT

I
Ol Ol
:::. :7 Flight Altitude 5000 +25 = 5025 Ff
[llN
0. ....
~~ ()
0::0
NO"' NOTE: If the particular airspeed indicator and altimeter instrument mechanical errors are known, apply them to the Indicated Airspeed
>a
'0 III
and Indicated Pressure Altitude before entering the chart. ~g
~~
........ ~~
.... tHrJ
<D <J:> .... trJt"'
...;J...;J
...;J Ol H:o::Ot"'
:o-
n en PRIMARY SYSTEM ALTIMETEH CORHECTION :::0::0
A en ,/>.00
:. s:: ~O
fl l1)

~~
t> Po
::>.

",,""
.... NOTE: INDICATED AIRSPEED AND PRESSURE ALTITUDE tn"'
j>"l'J
::l l1)
1 0-
::;2
ASSUMES ZERO INSTRUMENT ERROR I Mt"
::0

.... 1
.0'"1
..:J'<
f-< f-<

C
..:J ,... Ii<
Ii<

op
<0
-.l
0> l (

yr
Z~ TAKEOFF - 10 DEG FLAPS Z~ TAKEOFF - 20 DEG FLAPS

ig
Of-< Of-<

ht
-..:l ..... ...:l
f- 40 f- 40
u.

C
u

om
CJ:lUJ CJ:lUJ
p::UJ p::UJ

m
p::~ 20 f[tl 20

an
0- ...
00..
U. uP; o

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p::Q p::Q "'0

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CJ:l~ CJ:l~ m
~O 0 ~O 0 ;ltI

w off
-I

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~f-< ~f-<
-Q

rs ial
F=:Q f-<Q
Q Z"'O
< ~ 5 -20

G co
...:l -20
<~ G'>;::

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6080 100 120 140 160 60 80 100 120 140 160
J:8

up y*
INDICATED AIRSPEED"""'" KNOTS INDICATED AIRSPEED"""" KNOTS

20 *
V;
z

13
c

Al
OJ

lR
f-< CRUISE - 0 DEG FLAPS f-< LANDING - 35 DEG FLAPS o

ig
Ii<
Ii<
o

ht
( 40 .f:" ( 40
"

s
z~

R
z~
Of-< Of-<

es
I .
-...:l -...:l

er
f- f-
u 20 u 20

ve
CJ:lUJ CJ:lUJ
p::UJ p::UJ

d
f~ p::[tl
00..
uP; 0 u. 0
p::Q
~~ CJ:l~
f-<O
f-<O
CJ:l f-< - 20 ~ f-< -20
~Q 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 F=: 60 80 100 120 140 "d
M
..:lQ INDICATED AIRSPEED"""'" KNOTS ...:l INDICATED AIRSPEED""'--- KNOTS ::0
<5 <
d~
::00
~I-j
01
>-
zO
,...I Oz
01 Figure 5-5. M<
{)1
ALTIMETER CORRECTION (ALTERNATE STATIC SOURCE) PILOT'S SIDE WINDOW -OPEN "::J C/l

I
I
..... -M
''I
n
~j
m
The variation of Altimeter Correction with Indi cated and Indicated Pressure Altit\lde is shown in Fig!1 re 5- G for Takeu!f, C rui sp 1 anei
Landing configurations. They apply when the Alternate Static Pressure Source has been only the Pil"t's siei(' \\incilll'. bE' open. @~
~;
ASSOCIATED CONDITIONS ;J;>'
z
n
Power SUFFICIENT FOR LEVEL FLIGHT M

Configuration TAKEOFF CRUISE LANDING


Wing Flaps 10 or 20 DEG o DEG 35 DEG
Landing Gear EXTENDED RETRACTED EXTENDED
Cowl Flaps OPEN CLOSED CLOSED
ON ON ON
I

C
Heater

op
Defroster ON ON ON

yr
ig
TECHNIQUE

ht
C
DETERMINATION OF PRESSURE ALTITUDE (For use on performance charts) o

om
Select the Alternate Static Pressure Source and set the barometric scale (Kollsman Window) of the altimeter to 29.92 inches of mercury.
"m

m
Read the airspeed indicator and altimeter and determine the Altimeter Correction from the chart. To t11e Indicated Pressure Altitude read-

an
AI
ing add the Altimeter Correction as noted on the chart. Note that this technique assumes zero instrument error. Only the Pilot's side l>

de *
I ::c9
window may be open. After pressure altitude has been determined 1 the altimeter should be re-adjusted to local barometlic pressure. -t

r O *un
Z"

w off
EXAMPLE A Q;::

ne ic
rs ial
GIVEN: Configuration CRUISE
l>V;

G co
Indicated Pressure Altitude 1100 IT

ro p
90 KIAS
Z
Indicated Airspeed o

up y*
tD

20 *
FIND: Altimeter Correction Fig. 5-6 -42 FT o

13
Calibrated Pressure Altitude 1100 -42 = 1058 FT oA

Al
I
lR
DETERMINATION OF FLIGHT ALTITUDE
With the altimeter set to the local barometric pressure, flight altitude can be determined by adding the altim2ter correction found on the

ig
ht
chart to the indicated altitude. This technique assumes zero instrument error.

s
R
EXAMPLE B

es
er
.....

ve
CRUISE


Ul GIVEN: Configuration

d
::o~ Indicated Pressure Altitude 5000 FT
<D ro
<0. Indicated Airspeed 121 KIAS
.........
~I'-'
0. ....
>::tj
Nro
Ncr
FIND: Altimeter Correction Fig. 5-6
Flight Altitude
-84 FT
5000 -84 = 4916 FT I
0::0
n
"1
"Or:: NOTES: 1. If the particular airspeed indicator and altimeter instrument mechanical errors are known, apply them to the Indicated Airspeed E::o
E::n
::.l.r; and Indicated Pressure Altitude before entering the chart.
......
.......... 2. If optional right side window is installed, it must be closed. ~~
<D <0
-.l -.l
3. A conveniently located plasticized card is provided in the cockpit which tabulates the Altimeter Correction presented in Figure 5-6 . .... t:lt:r:l
..... t:r:lr'
-:1m ..,.::Or'
CJl
ALTIMETER CORRECTION (ALTERNATE STATIC SOURCE) PilOT'S SIDE WINDOW -OPEN 'tl CIl

I
I
...... t'rJtr1
0':> ~n
The variation of Altimeter Correction with Indicated Airspeed and Indicated Pressure Altitude is showll ill Figure 5-6 for Tak(',)ff C1'U]:;(" ;llld "'1 :::l
Landing configurations. They apply only \\hel1 the Alternate Static Pres:;urc Soul'ce ha:; been . only the PUll!' s sicjp \\ )\\ I1l.lY be open. ~~
s:~<
ASSOCIATED CONDITIONS
z
n
Power SUFFICIENT FOR LEVEL FLIGHT (Nominal) tr1

Configuration TAKEOFF CRUISE LANDING


Flaps 10 or 20 DEG 0 DEG 35 DEG
Landing Gear EXTENDED RETRACTED EXTENDED
Cowl Flaps OPEN CLOSED CLOSED
Heater ON ON ON
I

C
op
Defroster ON ON ON

yr
ig
TECHNIQUE

ht
C
DETERMINATION OF PRESSURE ALTITUDE (For use on performance charts) o-0

om
Select the Alternate Static Pressure Source and set the barometric scale (Kollsman Window) of the altimeter to 29.92 inches of mercury.

m
Read the airspeed indicator and altimeter and determine the Altimeter Correction from the chart. To the Indicated Pressure Altitude read- m

an
;0
add the Altimeter Correction as noted on the chart. Note that this technique assumes 7.ero instrument error. Only the Pilot's side :I>

de *
window may be open. After pressure altitude has been determined, the altimeter should be re-adjusted to local barometlic pres:;ure.

I
-4

r O *un
Z-o

w off
EXAMPLE A G)i=

ne ic
J:9

rs ial
GIVEN: Configuration CRUISE
:I> V;

G co
Indicated Pressure Altitude 1100 FT

ro p
Indicated Airspeed 90 KIAS Z
o

up y*
" OJ

20 *
FIND: Altimeter Correction Fig. 5-6 -42 FT o

13
Calibrated Pressure Altitude 1100 -42 = 1058 FT o

Al
I
lR
DETERMINATION OF FLIGHT ALTITUDE
With the altimeter set to the local barometric pressure, flight altitude can be determined by adding the altimeter correction found on the

ig
ht
chart to the indicated altitude. This technique assumes zero instrument error.

s
R
EXAMPLE B

es
er
....

ve
GIVEN: Configuration CRUISE


(/J

::o~

d
Indicated Pressure Altitude 5000 FT
(l) ('l)
<0. Indicated Airspeed 121 KIAS
.......
&iN
0. ....
"1
N('l)
Ncr
FIND: Altimeter Correction Fig. 5-6
Flight Altitude
-84 FT
5000 -84 ~ 4916 FT I n
o~
~'1 NOTES: 1. If the particular airspeed indicator and altimeter instrument mechanical errors are known, apply them to the Indicated Airspeed S:O
'OJ;::
~.e; and Indicated Pressure Altitude before the chart.
s:n
...... '<
........ 2. If optional right side window is installed, it must be closed. ~~
.... t:ltrl
COCO
~-1
3. A conveniently located plasticized card is provided in the cockpit which tabulates the Altimeter Correction in Figure 5-6. .... trlt""'
~m ~~r
~ ...... ALTEHl'iATE SYSTFl\l ALTIMETEn connECTION ......n~
'" Ul :;::00
~. iQ ;:'::0
Ul '"
",0.. :;.>';;x;
n. ..
. tv
:;:;,;
~ ..... ZM
IV TAKEOFF, cnUISE, AND LANDING Or-'
;J>~ Mr-'
~
ocr

I
'"i '1
-..,
-, s::
.... '1
NOTE: 1. INDICATED AInSPEED AND PHESSUHE ALTITUDE
ASSUMES ZEno INST RUMENT ERROR
<0'< 2. PILOT'S SIDE WINDOW ONLY-OPEN
-l
- l .....
3. HEATER AND DEFROSTEH ON

C
<0
-l

op
01

yr
ig
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C
om
m
an
o

de *
100
"m

r O *un
~

w off
-t

ne ic
0

rs ial
Z"

G co
E-<
G'>i=

ro p
~
IND :
::r:g

up y*
( -100 S" PREss'"
5~do LEVEL A.t.,- .

20 *
z~
: Vi
OE-< 10 000 z
' ,

13
......
~
E-<~ 115.000 o
u. -200

Al
ww.
Pk
, ' ;
OJ

lR
~w.
~~
T
i ' ~
....
. ~
":.-': o

ig
, i 'MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE SPEED. o

ht
00.. -300
u. PILOT'S SIDE WINDOW OPEN A

s
~o

R
wt'Ei

es
er
!;30 -400
::EE-<

ve
-0

d
E-<o
~~
~~
-500

-600
60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 'i::!
M

~
INDICATED AIRSPEED .......... KNOTS
OM
Ul
~n
~>-l
<:Jl
>5
Zz
I
...... o
-l Figure 56. M<
U1
!
......
ALTIMETER CORRECTION (ALTERNATE STATIC SOURCE) All SIDE WINDOWS CLOSED '1:JCfl
trltrl
00 ::0 ()
The variation of Altimeter Correction with Inclicated Airspeed and Indicated Pressure Altitude is shown in Figure 5-7 for Take()ff, Cruise, and >-r:1j
Landing configurations. They apply only \\!Jl'll the Alternate Static Pressure Souret' has bec'll selected, and all :side \\inclows arc CLOSED. 00
::Oz
~
;:..<
ASSOCIATED CONDITIONS
R
trl
Power SUFFICIENT FOR LEVEL FLIGHT (Nominal)

Configuration TAKEOFF CRUISE LANDING


Flaps 10 or 20 DEG o DEG 35 DEG
Landing Gear EXTENDED RETRACTED EXTENDED
Cowl Flaps OPEN CLOSED CLOSED

C
op
Heater ON ON ON
I

yr
Defroster ON ON ON

ig
ht
TECHNIQUE

C
om
DETERMINATION OF PRESSURE ALTITUDE (For use on performance charts) 0
-c

m
Select the Alternate Static Pressure Source and set the barometric scale (Kollsman Window) of the altimeter to 29.92 inches of mercury. m

an
Read the airspeed indicator and altimeter and determine the Altimeter Correction from the chart. To the indicated Pressure Altitude read- ;:c

de *
add the Altimeter Correction as noted on the chart. Note that this technique assumes zero instrument error. All side windows must be l>
.....

r O *un
I
CLOSED. After pressure altitude has been determined, the altimeter should be re-adjusted to local barometric pressure.
Z-c

w off
EXAMPLE A EXAMPLE B G)i=

ne ic
9

rs ial
GIVEN: Configuration CRUISE GIVEN: Configuration TAKEOFF
:x:

G co
l>v;

ro p
Indicated Pressure Altitude 1100 FT Indicated Pressure Altitude SEA LEVEL Z

up y*
Indicated Airspeed 90 KIAS Indicated Airspeed 130 KIAS 0
o:J

20 *
FIND: Altimeter Correction Fig. 5-7 13 FT FIND: Altimeter Correction Fig. 5-7 -33 FT 0

13
Calibrated Pressure Altitude 1100 +13 1113 FT Calibrated Pressure Altitude S.L. -33 FT 0

Al
-33 FT
"

lR
ig
DETERMINATION OF FLIGIIT ALTITUDE

ht
With the altimeter set to the local barometric pressure, flight altitude can be determined adding the altimeter correction found on the

s
R
chart to the indicated altitude. This technique assumes zero instrument error.

es
EXAMPLE C

er
ve
GIVEN; Configuration CRUISE

d
:.0 Indicated Pressure Altitude 5000 FT
1)
<:
_. ......
00 Indicated Airspeed 121 KIAS
~ gj
::l.(1) FIND: Altimeter Correction Fig. 5-7 26 FT
'0-
r-.:> ,. Flight Altitude 5000 + 26 '" 5026 FT ()
r-.:> .... 0::0
00 NOTES: 1. If the particular airspeed indicator and altimeter instrument mechanical errors are known, apply them to the Indicated Airspeed S::o
::l ~ and Indicated Pressure Altitude before entering the chart. ~()
~~
-:0<0....
-.l.-.J
2. If optional right Side window is installed, it must be closed.
3. A conveniently located plasticized card is provided in the cockpit, which tabulates the Altimeter Correction presented in 5-7 . ......~
..... trlt'"
-'1m ~::Ot'"
:;:0 ...... ALTERNATE SYSTEM ALTIMETEH CmmECTION ..... 0:;:0
ro rn ;00
....<: rn(1)
rtl
~ s:o
~~
(1)Q..
..
Q..

t-.?CO
......
Or-'
t-.?==
>""
'g'<l
..........
NOTES: 1. INDICATED AIRSPElm AND PRESSURE ALTITUDE
ASSUMES ZERO INSTRUMENT ERROR
2. SIDE WINDOW OR WINDOWS-CLOSED
I t':1r-'
:;:0

....... <D 3. HEATER AND DEFROSTER ON


...... -:1
<Den
-J

C
-J

op
yr
ig
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C
om
m
an
o

de *
CRUISE TAKEOFF AND LANDING '"tJ

r O *un
m
;:lC

w off
l>

ne ic
110 ,.~--~--------------~------------------~ 200 .-----:---:----:----;--:--:-TI .....

rs ial
Z'"tJ

G co
Qi=

ro p
E-< E-<
J:g

up y*
~ 100 1-".'."" ~ 100 I- ...... ......
? ~ l>c.n
' -=.

20 *
z~
z~ ~ Z

13
OE-<
......
~ 80 1- .. gE-< . ..
,~~:' 11\t( o
E-< ~ 0 ..,. ,I

Al
E-<- aI
u U~
o

lR
t:iJCfl t:iJCfl
o

ig
o::Cfl o::Cfl
0:: ~ a~

ht
60 1--. ., ......; ...................;.........;.................. .......,. .. : .... ; J. . : .. L . :
-100
MAXIM'UM FLAP
Op.., EXTENSION SPEED, VFe
"

s
U. u~ (2~ 25,DEG)

R
0:: 0

es
0::0
~~ I-.~..j ... + ..;..""'<-~ ~;

er
40 -200
,

ve
~E-<
t:iJE-<
~ ;' .,,

d
;
E=:O ...... 0
E-<o
~~ 20 ~;.. ;...-..;....... ~j .... . ~ 5 -300 "';"'MAXIMUM FLAP
" EXTENSION SPEED, VFe
(O 20 DEG)

-400 I I U

80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 60 80 100 120 140 160 "'d
t':1
INDICATED AIRSPEED '"'-' KNOTS INDICATED AIRSPEED .......... KNOTS
~ Cfl
0t':1

C'I
~
Zz
I
......
CD Figure 57. ~<
::0 .....
Ul
ALTERNATE SYSTEM ALTIMETFI{ CORRECTION :::(");::1
~OO
(1)
<: Ul
..... .: s;:(")
Ul (1)
(1)0-
......
P. ~~
f>.)CX>
z~
tit"'
f>.)~
>r.>
;:;'<
..........
NOTES: 1. INDICATED AIRSPEED AND PRESSURE ALTITUDE
ASSUMES ZERO INSTRUMENT ERROR
2. SIDE WINDOW OR WINDOWS-CLOSED
I Mt"'
;::1

...... co 3. HEATER AND DEFROSTER ON


..... -J
coO'>
-J
-J

C
op
yr
ig
ht
C
om
m
an
o-0

de *
CRUISE TAKEOFF AND LANDING m

r O *un
:;JO

w off
l>

ne ic
-4
110 ~I----~--------------------~------------~ 200

rs ial
Z-o

G co
G'>i=

ro p
~ ~
100 I'<-t 100 1- .... :J:g

up y*
I'<-t
? ? l>v;

20 *
a z
t::~==
Z

13
~ 80 0 o

Al
CP
CJ CJ
o

lR
j:i)1Zl j:i)1Zl
0::1Zl 0::1Zl o

ig
~~ ~~ p.. -100 I-~'.':'!.'-""~'"

ht
60 CJ --.-
"

s
CJ~

R
0:: 0 0:: 0

es
~~ ~ ;; -200

er
40
j:i)O

ve
~~ ~~

d
~ -0
~o
~ 20 ~ ::;. -300 ..-MAXIMUM 'FLAP
EXTENSION SPEED. VFe 1
(020 DEG)

-400 I I U

80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 60 80 100 120 140 160 'tj
M
INDICATED AIRSPEED""" KNOTS INDICATED AIRSPEED .......... KNOTS
~ IZl
OM
~(")
c:Jl
I
>g
Zz
.....
co
(")
M<
Figure 5-7.
<:J1

N
I TEMPERATURE CONVERSION 'tI!JJ
ttl ttl
o ::on
"'1>-1
0 .....
Temperature in Degrees Celsius is in Figure 5- 8 for varying temperature in Degrees Fahrenheit.
~~
EXAMPLE ?E<:
n
GIVEN: Temperature C 20 DEG C ttl

F1ND: Temperature Deg F, . 5-8 68 DEG F


C
op
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C
o

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-0
m

m
;iIC

an

de *
-4

r O *un
Z-o
G')-

w off
r-

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:r:: O

rs ial
-j

G co
zV\

ro p
o

up y*
OJ
o

20 *
o

13
"

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s
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ve
::0

d
tt> .....
<: t:Il
~, t:Il
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0.(1)P.-
N
N .....
n
>00 0::0
O~ ~R
~~
..........
<J:)<J:)
-:J -:J
-:J 0)
..... ~~
..... ttll:"'
"",::01:"'
ROCKWELL PilOT'S
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION V
114 PERFORMANCE

r---------------------------------~------------------------__;
C g
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rig
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0
C

N
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U
0
m

~
Z c:
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0 ;::J
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rs ial

U o:i
~ Gl .n.,
G co

p:; 0..
ro p

;::l :;;: !:iCl


up y*

E- ~ u::
~ E-
20 *

ex:< 0
~ N
13

0..
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Al

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L-~~__~_L~L__L~~~~~~~__L_~~__~~__~~~~~__~g
o o o o o o o o o
N o co <0 <0 0::>
..... ..... N

~
I I

Issued: 18 May 1976 5-21


Revised: 22 Anril 1977
ROCKWELL PILOT'S
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION V
114 PERFORMANCE

r-----------------------~----------------------------------------_. g

;-
i
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....
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~--;-""-.-r--~~~
0
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. .i
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. ..... ~
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m

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an

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?
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0 ;::J
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~ ro
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G co

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p.
ro p

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up y*

W u:'"
20 *

E--<
0
13

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L-~__L_~~~~_ _~~L_~~~~~~_L_ _~_L_ _~~_ _~~_ _~~~~~ g


o o o o o o o o o 0'
....
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Issued: 18 May 1976 5-21


Revised: 22 Anril 1977
<)1
WIND COMPONENTS 'tltll

.0
I
N ttl ttl
N ::tl(J
>-xj>-cl
Wind Components are presented in Fib'lln! 5- 9 for reported wind velocities ~Uld bet ween the heading :llld the l'eport!d wind. 0
~Z
EXAMPLE ?i<
(J
GIVEN: Reported Wind 14 KT ttl
Angle between Heading and Wind 45 DEG

FIND: Headwind Component, Fig. 5-9


Crosswind Component, Fig. 5- 9
10 KT
'0 KT I

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o

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m

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......

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Z""O
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V;

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Z

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OJ
o

20 *
o

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::tl

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<: .....
..... en
~ ~
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Q.
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>0:> ~::tl
'O~
::!. p.l ~R
.... ?i~
........
........
<0<.0 .... o~
.... trJt:"'
.... 0> "",::tlt:"'
ROCKWELL PilOT'S
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION V
114 PERFORMANCE

'Of-
rna: .0'
8<tb 0
ZIOl
<l:U,,-
0
6:;;:0 If')
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t-~wz
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C

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'J:; 0 E-
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w off

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Z _l .. __ .c_ z
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0 ~ .n
G co

p.. .. -~-"t
0 e:;,
ro p

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up y*

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. ,.. . -- .. ~-~ ....
-
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20 *

Q Z
......
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.L)I -.... .LN3.NOdWO':) GNIMGV3.H HO GNIM'lIY.L

Issued: 18 May 1976 5-23


nr".~' C"nrt. ')f) A .......... :1 10".,
c.n
TAKEOFF GROUND ROll DISTANCE, NORMAL (WING flAPS 10 DEG) 't1 Ul

I
I
~ trJtrJ
;I>.
::0 0
""1>-1
0 .....
The Takeoff Ground Roll Distance with 10 Deg Flaps is shown in
wind speed at a gross weight of 3140 Ibs.
5-10 for varying outside air temperature, pressure altitude :md
~g
~~
o
trJ
ASSOCIATED CONDITIONS

Power TAKEOFF (FULL THROTTLE, 2700 RPM)


Wing flaps
Landing Gear
Cowl Flaps
10 DEG
EXTENDED
OPEN

C
Runway Conditions PAVED*,DRY,LEVEL
I

op
Mixture See NOTE 3 below

yr
ig
ht
TECHNIQUE
o

om
Obtain Takeoff Power prior to brake release. Release the brakes and accelerate to liftoff at 69 KIAS, '"'tJ
m

m
;:It!

an
EXAMPLE

de *
......
GIVEN: Gross Weight 3140 LB

r O *un
Outside Air Temperature 20 DEG C Z'"'tJ

w off
Pressure Altitude 1100 FT G'>;::

ne ic
:J:8
I
Wind Component 10 KTS (HEADWIND)

rs ial
l>V;

G co
FIND: Distance to Liftoff, Fig. 5-10 1460 FT Z

ro p
C

up y*
D'

20 *
o

13
o
'"

Al
lR
ig
ht
s
R
es
er
ve
d
::0
(I) ....
<: til
NOTES: 1. IAS assumes zero instrument error.
(i;' ~
(!)
?-o.
N
N
>0:>
(1)

....
2. * For short I dry grass runways, increase the ground roll distance by at Sea Level linearly increasing to 61% at 8000 feet.
3. Mixture setting should be set according to the existing pressure altitude and ou tside air temperature: Below 5000 feet, FULL
RICH. 5000 feet to 8000 feet; LEAN for smooth engine operation, as required. Above 8000 feet; LEAN for best power mixture
o
0::0
,,::; (peak EGT, then enrich 100 Deg. F.). These altitudes should be reduced approximately 2000 feet for outside air temperatures
of ISA +20 o C.
~~
~~
........ ~~
<0 <0
.... t1trJ
...:!-:l .... trJt"'
...:! 0> oI>-::ot"'
J;iti;' NORMAL TAKFOFF GROUND ROLL DISTANCE :::0::0
o Ul
~
-. <!>
s:: (10 DEG FLAPS) ~~g
Il 0-
1) DRY, LEVEL, PAVED* RUNWAYS TAKEOFF GROSS WEIGHT 3140 LB ~::,:;

~~
:l..
......
"'0>
tJt"'
"'~ Mt"'
l>1lJ
::0
~'<
:;~
6000 t ISCHEDULED II FTOFF SPEED: 69 KIAS I 6000
--1 NOTES: 1. KIAS ASSUMES ZERO INSTRUMENT ERROR.
.om 2. FOR TAKEOFF ON DRY, GRASS RUNWAYS,
-l
INCREASE THE TAKEOFF GROUND ROLL I.U I

C
-l Z
DISTANCE BY 28% AT SEA LEVEL LINEARLY
~/

op
-'
INCREASING TO 61% AT 8000 FT.

",I

yr
ig
,fL/

ht
5000 1-._;..... , ........... ,.. ...... .... 5000

C
I /

om
I /

m
an
o

de *
E-<
E-<
"

r O *un
IJ:..
i:L. m
l 4000 4000 :;lID

w off
( l>

ne ic
-t

rs ial
>il
U w
Z"

G co
Z u
<: z G>i=

ro p
E-<

up y*
<t::
U)
..... I:-<
U) ::r:8

20 *
~ 3000 3000 .....
Ci l>V;

13
...:l ...:l Z
@ o

Al
...:l
@ c:J

lR
~ o

ig
~ o

ht
::>
0 ::>

s
~ 0
'"

R
2000 2000 ~

es
0

er
ve
d
1000 I-:~ ........;... ;~.;.j... .., 1000

'"d
M
::0
"1U)
OM
o ! I 0
~o
Ul
I
-50 -40 -30 -20 -10
OUTSIDE AIR TEMPEHATURE """ DEG C
0 10 20 30 40 50 0 10 20
WIND COMPONENT '"'"" KTS
30
~8
oZ
I\:>
Ul Figure 510. M~
c.n
N
I

0>
TOTAL TAKEOFF DISTANCE, NORMAL (WING flAPS 10 DEG)

The Takeoff Distances to 50- Ft Height with 10 Degree Flaps are shown in Figure 5-11 for varying Outside Air Temperature, Prl'SSllrC
rm tx:ltx:l
::0(")
'Tj~
0 ....
~@
Altitude and Wind Speed at a Gross Weight of 3140 Ib8.
~<
(")
tx:l
ASSOClA TED CONDITIONS

TAKEOFF (FULL THROTTLE, 2700 RPM)


Power
Wing Flaps 10 DEG
Landing Gear EXTENDED
Cowl Flaps OPEN

C
PAVED*, DRY, LEVEL
Runway Condition
I

op
Mixture See NOTE 3 below

yr
ig
ht
TECHNIQUE
o

C
om
Obtain takeoff power prior to brake release. Release the brakes and accelerate. Liftoff at 69 KlAS and accelerate to 72 KIAS at 50- Ft Height.
"
m

m
:;Ie

an
EXAMPLE

de *
-4

r O *un
GIVEN: Gross Weight 3140 LBS
OutSide Air Temperature 20 DEG C
Z"
0;=

w off
9

ne ic
Pressure Altitude 1100 FT
Wind Component 10 KTS {HEADWIND} :I:

rs ial
~

G co
Z

ro p
Distance To 50-Ft Height

oo
FIND: o

up y*
Fig. 5-11 2480 FT O::J

20 *
13
~

Al
lR
ig
ht
s
R
es
er
ve
::0

d
(1) ....
<1 IJl


00' ~ NOTES: 1. lAS assumes zero instrument error.
(1) (1)
2. * For short, dry grass runways, increase the takeoff distance by
P.-P.- 3. Mixture setting should be set according to the existing pressure altitude and outside air temperature: Below 5000 feet, FULL (")
r;.,
r;., ....
>00
RICH. 5000 feet to 8000 feet; LEAN for smooth engine operation, as required. Above 8000 feet; LEAN for best power mixture ~::o
'O~
(peak EGT then enrich 100 DEG. F.). These altitudes should be reduced approximately 2000 feet for outside air temperature
o ~R
~~
::1, I
.....
of ISA +20 C.
........
<C><C>
....
-l-l
.... tx:lr'
-l0) "",::Or'
:0 .....
en NOR,\t1AL TOTAL TAKEOFF DISTANCE .. ():::o

I
l>
A m ""'00
::, c (10 DEG FLAPS) .;o.;S:C1
n ro
u Q.
~~
:l, DRY, LEVEL, PAVED* ImNWAYS TAKEOFF GHOSS WEIGHT 3140 LB
....
"0:>
:>j St"'
~;S: trlt"'
::l
i'< '"
:::0
~.- 12,000 SCHEDULED LIFTOFF SPEED: 69 KIAS
.12,000
--:I
<D
SCHEDULED OBSTACLE HEIGHT SPEED: 72 KIAS I
~O) ~:
~
~1,,11/
-..'I

C
11 ,000 . -j 11,000

op
yr
/'/'

ig
.. 1.

ht
10,000 -110,000

C
om
m
9000 9000

an
0

de *
t Eo<
j:.t.,
,.,m
."

r O *un
8000 8000
l (

w off
}:I-

ne ic
-I
w

rs ial
W
U
7000 7000 U Z."
z

G co
~ G)i=

ro p
-
Eo< Eo< 0

up y*
tf.l tf.l :I:
}:I--:!
Cl 6000 Q

20 *
6000 Z~
~

13
~
0 "'"'0"" 0

Al
W w c:J

lR
~Eo<
5000 5000 ~ 0

ig
Eo< 0

ht
...:l ...:l A

s
4000 <

R
4000
~
[-;

es
0

er
Eo< [-;

ve
3000 3000

d
2000 2000

1 00 a 1-.+.. +..... 1000 L ::t1

Ig
'TIm
o LI_'~ __L -____ ~ ____ ~ ____L -____ ~~ __ ~ ____ ~ ____ ~ ____ ~ ____ ~ ________________-L____- L____ ~ ____ ~

-~ -4u -30 -20 -10 o 10 20 30 40 50 0 to 20 30


0 ~>-l 15
U1
I OUTSIDE AIR TEMPERATURE -..... DEG C WIND COMPONENT -..... KT ()Z
~O
~
-:I Figure 511, trl<
<)1
I TAKEOFF GROUND ROLL DISTANCE, SHORT FiElD (WING flAPS 20 DEG)
N
trJtrJ
"t1 IJl
CO
::on
":1>-1
0-

~~
The Short Field Takeoff Ground Roll Distanee with 20 Deg. Flaps is shown in 5-12 for yaryin~~ out.side air ,pn l't' aitilUrie,
and wind speed at a gross weight of 3140 Ills.

11M
ASSOCIATED CONDITIONS

Power TAKEOFF (FULL THROTTLE, 2700 RPM)


Wing Flaps
Landing Gear
Cowl Flaps
20 DEG
EXTENDED
OPEN

C
Runway Conditions PAVED*, DRY ,LEVEL

op
Mixture See NOTE 3 below I

yr
ig
ht
C
TECHNIQUE
o

om
"'tJ

m
Obtain Takeoff Power prior to brake release. Release the brakes and accelerate to liftoff at 66 KIAS. m

an
~
l>

de *
EXAMPLE
-I

r O *un
GIVEN: Gross Weight 3140 LB Z"'tJ

w off
Qr=

ne ic
Outside Air Temperature 20 DEG C
:1:8

rs ial
Pressure Altitude 1100 FT
Wind Component 10 KTS HEADWIND

G co
l>v;

ro p
Z

up y*
FIND: Distance to Liftoff Fig. 5-12 1229 FT
0OJ

20 *
o

13
o

Al
"

lR
ig
ht
s
R
es
er
ve
d
::0
(1)
< .....
.... ' til NOTES: 1. lAS assumes zero instrument error.
~ fQ
0-(1)
" 0-
N"
N ....
2. * For short, dry grass runways, increase the ground roll distance by 27n:J at Sea Level linearly increasing to 65% increase at
8000 feet.
3. Mixture setting should be set according to the existing pressure altitude and outside air temperature: Below 5000 feet, FULL RICH,
I n
0::0
>00 5000 feet to 8000 feet; LEAN for smooth engine operation, as required. Above 8000 feet; LEAN for best power mixture (peak EGT, ;S:8
'O;s:
~~
then enrich 100 DEG F.). These altitudes should be reduced approximately 2000 feet for outside air temperatures of ISA! 200C.
2:~
........
(0<0 .... ClM
-.3-.3 .... Mt"'
-.30> ~::Ot"'
::0 .....
(!) Cf>
SIIORT FIELD TAKEOFF GROUND HOLL DISTANCE ::;0::0
::. ~
Cf> (!)
(20 DEG ,..00
E;:O
~~
0.
!l>
0.
......
wOO
DRY,LEVEL,PAVED* RUNWAYS TAKEOFF GROSS WEIGHT ~ 3140 LE
ZM
w:? t:Jt"'
Mt"'
~iii'
'1;'< ::0
~ .....
.... co
..... - l
<DO>
-'l
-'l

C
op
5000 I 1 5000

yr
I SCHEDULED LIFTOFF SPEED 66 KIAS

ig
NOTES 1. KIAS ASSUMES ZERO INSTRUMENT ER ROR.

ht
ill
2. FOR TAKEOFF ON DRY, GRASS SURFACES, z

C
INCREASE THE GROUND ROLL DISTANCE ::; .. -.Q/

om
BY 27% AT SEA LEVEL LINEARLY INCREASING w <2"
~ ~I

m
TO 65% AT 8000 FT
w ::::'
,,"Ij

an
' ,
c:
4000 ~.+. --4 4000
W
""., ,.'!"'''''- '" ..'~~.--'!'.' .~._ ... _'~'''''N''''~'''

de *
LL
W
-0

r O *un
0:
m
t: ~

w off
E-<

ne ic
Ii<
( -!

rs ial
( Z-o

G co
~
Qi=

ro p
u 3000 3000 ~
z

up y*
u J:O
< Z ~

20 *
E-< <
r:t:J ZVI

13
f:-!
S [f)
..... C

Al
..:.l Q
til

lR
..:.l ..:.l
g ..:.l 0

ig
2000 2000 @ 0

ht
Cl A

s
5 Cl

R
Z
g

es
... ~;- :::J
_.-....-... ,---. ......... """"""- 0

er
c.:; 0::

ve
C)

d
1000 ~~t~-+--S.L~: 1000

"0
M
o I' \., ' I 10 ::0
-50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 0 10 20 30 "'ir:t:J
o
::O(j
tTl
OUTSIDE AIR TEMPERATURE ""-' DEG C WIND COMPONENT ""-' KT
~j
01 zO
I
W
(jZ
CO Figure 512. M<
<J1
I
W
TOTAL TAKEOFF DISTANCE, SHORT FIELD (WING FLAPS 20 DEG) ITJITJ
"j CIl
<::> ::0 0
>Tj>-l
The Takeoff Distances to 50- Ft Height with 20 Degree are shown in Figure 5-13 for varying Outbide Air Temperature, Pressure
Altitude, and Wind Speed at a Gross Weight of 3140 Ibs.
~;,
00

z
0
ASSOCIATED CONDITIONS ITJ

Power TAKEOFF (FULL THROTTLE, 2700 RPM)


Wing Flaps
Landing Gear
Cowl Flaps
20 DEG
EXTENDED
OPEN

C
Hunway Condition PAVED*, DHY,LEVEL
I

op
Mixture See NOTE 3 below

yr
ig
ht
TECHNIQUF

C
"o

om
Obtain takeoff power prior to brake release. Helease the brakes and accelerate. Liftoff at 66 KIAS and accelerate to 69 KIAS at 50- Ft
m

m
:::IC

an
EXAMPLE

de *
-!
Gross Weight 3140 LBS

r O *un
GIVEN:
Outside Air Temperature 20 DEG C z"

w off
Pressure Altitude 1100 FT G>;::

ne ic
Wind Component 10 KTS (HEADWIND) 9

rs ial
:I:
v;

G co
Z

ro p
FIND: Distance to 50- Ft Height

o o

up y*
Fig. 5-13 2200 IT
D:J

20 *
13
o

Al
"

lR
ig
ht
s
R
es
er
ve
::t1

d
ro
<
_. 00-
NOTES: 1. lAS assumes zero instrument error.
g; l!!
Q.11)
Q.
N
N .....
>0:>
2. * For short, dry grass runways, increase the takeoff distance by 16%.
3. Mixture setting should be set according to the existing pressure altitude and outside air temperature: Below 5000 feet, FULL ruCH .
5000 feet to 8000 feet: LEAN for smooth engine operation, as required. Above 8000 feet: LEAN for best power mixture (peak
()
0::0
O~
EGT, then enrich 100 Deg. F.). These altitudes should be reduced approximately :WOO feet for outside air temperatures of ~R
;;~ ISA +200C. ~~
......... z::E
<.D<.D ..... tJITJ
-l...:J ..... ITJt:""'
-l m ,p.::ot:""'
::0 ..... SHORT FIELD TOTAL TAKEOFF DISTANCE
ro (fJ :::::0::0
::. ro~
(fJ
DEG ~~g
~~
roO-
DRY, LEVEL, PA VED* RUN\VA YS
.. ....
0-

~ro
TAKEOFF GROSS WEIGHT - 3140 LB
ZttJ
N~ ooo~~-.~~~~~~~~~~--------.-:------------------------------.----,---------~ 12,000 t,lt"'
>ro> ttJt"'

-.........
~'<
-<0
-:] I-.. ~l
SCHEDULED 50FT HEIGHT SPEED: 69 KIAS
NOTES: 1. KIAS ASSUMES ZERO INSTRUMENT ERROR.
2. FOR TAKEOFF ON DRY, GRASS RUNWAYS,
UJ
z
.~I I
11 ,000
::0

<om
-:] INCREASE THE TAKEOFF DISTANCE BY 16%.
-.J

C
op
10 ,000 j.:-;.. ; ....... ; ........ " ..,,i .. .. " ..",,,,i..... 10,000

yr
ig
ht
C
9000 1-....... ;..,; ..;...-l;~ ....-+--;,' . , . . . .., . 9000

om
E-< f:-<

m
~ ~

an
1 8000 I--:~ ...."""+"."-":'-"'-+:"'..."";'....--+-.. "",;" ..,..;, ... ,.... ,.. ;. . . / 8000
? o

de *
."

r O *un
Iil Iil m
U :;IC
U

w off
Z 7000 1--+._-+._,.. ". ,+....., ... + . . ; . Z >

ne ic
7000
~
-0:: -f

rs ial
f:-<
u:l Z."

G co
i5 i5 G)-

ro p
f>,. 6000 1--+-.... ; .....+......;.......... +..... ,.. "Hi'; f3000
r-
~
O

up y*
~ ~ ::t:
o 0 >~

20 *
Iil Iil ZV'l

13
~ 5000 ~-,~.,-'''' ...,.'''';........,+-....., v-;.+,.,.r.;.;.; ... ; ~
~
5000 -0:: o

Al
f:-< CD
o

lR
...:l ...:l
g -0::
o

ig
4000 F--F+.;.....~- .. ".:..--+-"'.,~ .......;... ~.. . 4000 f:-<

ht
0 A

s
E-< f:-<

R
es
3000 3000

er
ve
d
2000 I-:...t.. -:~~" .. ,,:,-..:.t;" 2UUV~ 2000

1000., 1000
"tI
ttJ
o '" )'" a ::0
o "x:1cn
-50 -40 -30 -20 -10 10 20 30 40 50 a 10 20 30 OM

<.1l
I
OUTSIDE AIR TEMPERATURE '"'-' DEC C WIND COMPONENT -- KT
~B
zO
(')Z
....
c..>
Figure 5,13, ttJ<!
en en
RATE OF CLIMB, CLEAN CONFIGURATION (SjN 14000 THRU 14149) "d

I
I
W MM
t.:> ::dO
l-rj>-j

The Rate of Climb for the Clean Configuration is shown in Figure 5-14 for varying outside all' temperature, pressure altitude, and ai rpiane @O
~z
weight. A table of Scheduled Climb Speeds versus Pressure Altitude is presented on the chart. :;,.<
z
o
M
ASSOCIATED CONDITIONS

Power MAXIMUM CONTINUOUS


Wing Flaps o DEG
Landing Gear RETRACTED


Cowl Flaps FULL OPEN

C
op
Mixture See NOTE 3 below

yr
ig
TECHNIQUE

ht
C
Establish the airplane in a steady climb at the scheduled climb speed and obtain maximum continuous power. Follow the climb speed versus
o

om
.
pressure altitude table as the climb progresses.
"0

m
m

an
EXAMPLE A :;'IC

de *
l>
~

r O *un
GIVEN: Airplane Weight 3140 LB
Outside Air Temperature 20 DEG C Z"O

w off
G);::

ne ic
Pressure Altitude 1100 FT
J:2

rs ial
Rate of Climb, 5-14 950 IT/MIN

G co
FIND: l>V;

ro p
Scheduled Climb Speed, Fig. 5-14 90 KIAS z

up y*
EXAMPLE B
o

20 *
o:J
o

13
GIVEN: Airplane Weight 2900 LB o

Al
Rate of Climb 100 FT/MIN
'"

lR
Outside Air Temperature ISA (-15 DEG C)

ig
ht
FIND: Service Ceiling, Fig. 5-14 15,800 FT

s
R
es
er
ve
d
::d
m ....
<
...... '"
m NOTES: 1. lAS assumes zero instrument error .
rJl J::
m m 2. The rate of climb is a true tapeline rate obtained in smooth air and aJlowance must be made for actual conditions which may
?-c. differ.
~
o
t.:> .... 3. Mixture setting should be set according to the existing pressure altitude and outside air temperature: Below 5000 feet, FULL O::d
> (X)
RICH. 5000 feet to 8000 feet; LEAN for smooth engine operation, as required. Above 8000 feet; LEAN for best power mixture ~O
'O~ ~o
~~ (peak EGT, then enrich 100 . F.). These altitudes should be reduced approximately 2000 feet for outside air temperatures 1Z~
.... ....
(0(0
of ISA +20 o C .
... t:1~
.... t'1t"'
-J -.l
-.l 0> ~::dt"'
::c- RATE OF CLIMB, CLEAN CONFIGURATION (SiN 14000 THRU 14149) >-'0::0
(1)
<!
(Jl
~ >-'0?5
..,.~
0;'
~~
(1)
(1)0- 1900 KIAS ASSUMES ZERO INSTRUMENT ERROR 1900
0.
SCHEDULED CLIMB SPEEDS
>- '
Ztx1
""""CO.... 1800 PRESSURE: CLIMB 1800 tit"'
ALTITUDE SPEEDS tx1t"'
>-~ "'"' FT ""-'KIAS ::0
"0 I>l
;.;'<
::;t-ot
>-'-:t
<0

::50':>
1600
Sea Level
2000
4000
6000
91
90
89
88
,. ~1 "'1" '1";'~"T"""'" ;::/'-t 1600

C
-:t 8000 86

op
85
84

yr
1400 14,000 82 t'5 ~t,:~ "'1' '.....~.:' ';"',- ... ,.... ,-.~ 1400

ig
81

ht
C
om
1-"""'+-""" t--- . ,,-11200


1200 ~";-.,..--t.,.,

m
an
0

de *
'"'tl
~
Z m

r O *un
1000 1000 s;1 ;:10

w off
"'- "'- l>
t t

ne ic
-I

rs ial
Z'"'tl
l ?

G co
800 800 G'>r=

ro p
IO

up y*
(:Q >Xl
;:g ~ l>-:!
.....

20 *
...:I
600 600 :3 ZVI

13
U U
r... Ii; 0

Al
0 0 OJ

lR
I:l "-l 0

ig
E-< 400 400 E-<
-< 0

ht
~ 0:: A

s
R
es
er
200 200

ve
d
fl

0 0

- 200 I--_"'_"_'_+_'_"'_'.:I+"""'+"'~OO .''''-.''.~,,''. -200 'ti


tx1
::c
"1w
OM
-400 I ' I J.....r:: I -400 ::Co
~>-j
-40 -30 -20 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 3100 3000 2900 2800 2700 21;00 >-5
tJ'1
I
OUTSIDE AIR TEMPERATURE .-..." DEG C AIRPLANE WEIGHT ,-.."., LB ;SZ
t..)
t..) Figure 5-14, M<!
U1
I RATE OF CLIMB, CLEAN CONFIGURATION (SIN 14150 AND SUBS) '1jUl
tTl tTl
W
::o()
""" "rj....:.l
0 ......
The Rate of Climb for the Clean Configuration is shown in Figure 5-15 for varying outside air temperature, pressure altitude, and airplane ::00
~z
weight. A table of Scheduled Best Rate of Climb Speeds versus Pressure Altitude is presented on the chart.
~<
(')

ASSOCIATED CONDITIONS tr1

Power MAXIMUM CONTINUOUS


Wing Flaps o DEG
Landing Gear RETRACTED
Cowl Flaps FULL OPEN

C
op
Mixture See NOTE 3 below

yr
ig
TECHNIQUE

ht
C
Establish the airplane in a steady climb at the scheduled climb speed and obtain maximum continuous power. Follow the climb versus
o

om
pressure altitude table as the climb progresses. '"tJ

m
m

an
EXAMPLE A :;a
>

de *
-t

r O *un
GIVEN: Airplane Weight 3140 LB
Outside Air Temperature 20 DEG C Z'"tJ

w off
(i)i=

ne ic
Pressure Altitude 1100 FT
:z:8

rs ial
G co
FIND: Rate of Climb, Fig. 5-15 980 FT/MIN >v;

ro p
Scheduled Climb Speed, Fig. 5-15 90 KIAS Z

up y*
o

20 *
EXAMPLE B tJ:J
o

13
GIVEN: Airplane Weight 2900 LB o

Al
~
Rate of Climb 100 FT/MIN

lR
Outside Air Temperature ISA (-19.5 DEG C)

ig
ht
s
FIND: Service Ceiling, Fig. 5-15 17,200 FT

R
es
er
ve
d
tI
.o .....
~. til
NOTES: 1. IAS assumes zero instrument error.
g~ 2. The rate of climb is a true tapeline rate obtained in smooth air and allowance must be made for actual conditions which may differ.
:l.1t>
'"' 0... 3. Mixture setting should be: Below 5000 feet; FULL RICH. 5000 feet to 8000 feet; LEAN for smooth engine operation, as required. ()
"' ..... Above 8000 feet; LEAN for best power mixture (peak EGT, then enrich 100 F .). 0::0
, ::::
1>0:>
::::R
~~
~

:0<:0
..... ~~
~tr1
..:1-'3 ...... tr11:"'
..:10> :::::01:"'
;:0 ...... RATE OF CLIMB, CLEAN CONFIGUHATION (SiN 14150 AND SUBSEQUENT) ..... n;:o
ro tfJ .... 00
:::. lQ "'~n
tfJ ro
ro
0. .0.
......
1900 . tN()T!=' KlllC;"'<;<:IIM!=<:7I'R()iN<:TRliM!=NT!=I'HI()R

1800 I-- ..~.. - ...;.............. ..... ,.................+.


I i.j.l 1900
~~
r-;,CO
r-;, PRESSURE I
SCHEDULED CLIMB SPEEDS
CLIMB 1800
ZM
vI:"'
>~ MI:"'
Al TITUDE SPEEDS
-...., FT -....,KIAS ::0
'0 '"
"1'< SEA LEVEL 91
..........
.... <0 2000 90
.... -J
16 00 I-....;.-~i---.---++--+----;..-~j~ 4000 89 1600
wO:> 6000 88
-J
-J 8000 86
10.000 85

C
12.000 84

op
1400 14,000 82 1400

yr
16,000 81

ig
18.000 80

ht
C
1200 I:-~---+-----t-~-,-~--+~---+---t--,",-+-~--,,----t---., ...._..+-_. . -t--H.."'";+-~--+ " .--.;.~.-.; ...~;-... +. .., -..I 1200

om
m
0

an
2:i -c
~

de *
,
~ 1000 1000 m

r O *un
'.~
;:0
E-<
~
t

w off
-1

ne ic
l Z-c

rs ial
~
800 800 l G'>r=

G co
~

ro p
iIl J:O
::E

up y*
...:l
u ...... -:!
600 600 ....::I ZVl

20 *
~ u
0

13
0 ~
>il 0 to

Al
E-< >il 0

lR
~ 400 400 E-<
< 0

ig
p::; A

ht
s
R
es
200 200

er
ve
d
or- $:::J . j. V-'-" , =r--r ~ :.::J '. i :=:::::t= ~ T:::::::tt::::1 --< i. :::;:;::>".........-; I0

-200~~=~~=:~~~:~~4~~1.-~-f==+~~~d~L~.....+~: ..+.. ;f--... l~-~t--t-J-~: .. --t. :: . l:::T~~~-r -200 "d


M
;:0
"1(fl
OM
-400 I I I 400
~j
. I ''''''''''-- I
-40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 3100 3000 2900 2800 2700 2600
<:.n OUTSIDE AIR TEMPERATURE ........... DEG C AIRPLANE WEIGHT -...., LB zO
I
<..>
nZ
<:.n Figure 515. M<!
c.;l
W
I TIME, DISTANCE AND FUEl REQUIRED IN CLIMB (SIN 14000 THRU 14149)
'1:l UJ
trltrl
0> ::on
..,,>-3
The Time, Distance and Fuel Required in Climb for the clean configuration is shown in Figure 5-16 for varying outside air temperature and @o
pressure altitude at 3140 Lb takeoff gross weight. A table of Scheduled Best Rate of Climb Speeds versus Pressure Altitude is presented on
the chart.
I ><
z
~z

n
trl

ASSOCIATED CONDITIONS

Power MAXIMUM CONTINUOUS


Wing Flaps o DEG
Landing Gear RETRACTED

C
Cowl Flaps FULL OPEN

op
Mixture See NOTE 2 below

yr
ig
ht
TECHNIQUE

C
o

om
Establish the airplane in a steady climb at the scheduled climb speed and obtain maximum continuous power. Follow the climb speed schedule
";;cm

m
versus pressure altitude table as the climb progresses.

an
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EXAMPLE -t

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GIVEN: Takeoff Gross Weight 3140 LB
J:g Z"

w off
Q r

ne ic
Outside Air Temperature 20 DEG C At Takeoff Altitude

rs ial
5 DEG C At Final Altitude
Takeoff Altitude 1100 FT >tn

G co
ro p
Final Altitude 5000 IT Z

up y*
C
FIND: The total time, distance and fuel to climb from 1100 FT to 5000 FT from Fig. 5-16.
oo o:J

20 *
13
FINAL ALTITUDE

'"
INITIAL ALTITUDE NET

Al
Time 6.0 MIN minus 1.0 MIN equals 5.0 MIN

lR
Distance 9.0 NAM minus 2.0 NAM equals 7.0 NAM

ig
Fuel 1.8 U .S.Gal minus 0.4 U .S.Gal equals 1.4 U.S.Gal (8.4 LB)

ht
s
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es
er
ve
d
::0
ro .....
< en NOTES: 1. lAS assumes zero instrument error.
00' ~
ro (1) 2. Mixture setting should be set according to the existing pressure altitude and outside air temperature: Below 5000 feet, FULL
Po-o. RICH. 5000 feet to 8000 feet; LEAN for smooth engine operation, as required. Above 8000 feet; LEAN for best power mixture
t-=> n
""' .....
>00
(peak EGT, then enrich 100 Deg. F.). These altitudes should be reduced approximately 2000 feet for outside air temperatures
of ISA +20 o C.
0::0
~R
~

~~
o
~~
.......... .....
CO CO ..... trlt"'
--l --l
--l C]) ~::ot"'
TIl\1E, DISTANCE, AND FUEL HEQUIRED IN CLIMB (S/N 14000 TIIHU 14H9) ~('}::O

TAKEOFF GROSS WEIGHT" 3140 LB


~~?S
~~
Ztrl
t;)t"'
NSTRUMENT ERROR trlt"'
::0

"Sea Levol
2000
4000

C
op
6000
8000

yr
10,000

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12,000

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14,000
16,000

C
om
m
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m
;:IIC

w off
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~

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Z"'tJ

G co
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>-:!

20 *
ZVl

13
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Al
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"

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I oI
I I 1
t I

,I
10

I I
20 -<"':\..

I
30
TIML :?j CLIMB "-' MIN
b- S>s. I .1
40

; I, ,.
50

J I
60

1""1 'luc ~
u.;:1'1: I
o
II
t 10
J, I
20
1
30 DIsri~CE I:-C:LIMB ~ NM 70
I
I I I I:
80
I . ill
90 100 "0
trl
::0
'"'1rn
-60 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 o 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Otrl
OUTSIDE AIR TEMPERATURE "-' DEG C FUEL USED IN CLIMB '"'-' US GAL. ~Q
>-
C)1 zO
I ('}Z
~
-l Figure 5-16. trl<
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I
W
TIME, DISTANCE AND FUEl REQUIRED IN CLIMB (SIN 14150 AND SUBS) "ClUJ
co MM
~(')
d~
~@
The Time, Distance and Fuel Hequired in Climb for the clean configuration is shown in Fif'.ure 5-17 for varying outside air temperature ,md
pressure altitude at 3140 Lb. takeoff gross weight. A table of Scheduled Best Rate of Climb Speeds versus Pressure Altitude is presented on
the chart. ><
Z
(')
ASSOCIATED CONDITIONS M

Power MAXIMUM CONTINUOUS


Wing Flaps o DEG
Landing Gear RETRACTED
Cowl Flaps FULL OPEN

C
Mixture See NOTE 2 below

op
yr
TECHNIQUE

ig
ht
C
Establish the airplane in a steady climb at the scheduled climb speed and obtain maximum continuous power. Follow the climb speed
o"tJ

om
schedule versus pressure altitude table as the climb progresses.

m
m

an
EXAMPLE ;Ie

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.....

r O *un
GIVEN: Takeoff Gross Weight 3140 LB
Outside Air Temperature 20 DEG C At Takeoff Altitude z"

w off
Or::

ne ic
5 DEG C At Final Altitude
:t8

rs ial
Takeoff Altitude 1100 IT
Final Altitude 5000 FT

G co
V;
z

ro p
up y*
FIND: The total time, distance and fuel to climb from 1100 Ft to 5000 Ft from Figure 5-17. o

20 *
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FINAL ALTITUDE o

13
INITIAL ALTITUDE NET
Time 5.5 MIN minus 1.2 MIN equals 4.3 MIN o

Al
Distance 9.0 NAM minus 2.0 NAM equals 7.0 NAM
"

lR
Fuel 1. 8 U .S.Gal minus 0.4 U .S.Gal equals 1 .4 U. S. Gal (8.4 LB)

ig
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ve
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!:1:1
(I)
< t-1
..... O'l NOTES: 1. IAS assumes zero instrument error.
1 l!!
Q.,('l) 2. Mixture setting should be: Below 5000 feet; FULL RICH. 5000 feet to 8000 feet; LEAN for smooth engine operation, as required.
.. Q.,
N"
Above 8000 feet; LEAN for best power mixture (peak EGT, then enrich 100 Deg. F.) . (')
N ......
O~
>0:>
'Oii:
~~
..........
~R
Z~
<:0<:0 t)M
-l -l ...... Mt""
-l m ~!:I:1t""
.....
(fJ TIME, DISTANCE AND FUEL REQUIRED IN CLIMB (SiN 14150 &.: ....()~

........ 00
(fJ
c TAKEOFF GROSS WEIGHT 3140LB ~(]
/l)

~~
0.

....
co at"
~ t>jt"
!>l ~

'<0
'<
..... SPEED
'-:) '"'-' KIAS
'en
I Sea Level 91
2000

C
I 90

op
4000 89
6000 88

yr
8000 86

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10,000 85

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12,000 84
82

C
14,000

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16,000 81

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l>v;

13
Z
C

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oI I 10 20 30 40 50 60
I It. .tl' , TIME, ~N CLIMB "'-' ,~IN ; I I 1
4 oI 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 'tj
trl
I t
- 60 -40
I I 1
-20 o
1; I
20 40 60
I"
o
i
,
I
2
I
3
I
4
I
5
DISTANCE IN CLIMB '"'-' NM
I
6 7
I
8
,
9
I I
10
I, I
11 12
d
13 14
,
15
~
'"rjCfJ
Otrl
~()
OUTSIDE AIR TEMPERATURE "'-' DEG C FUEL USED IN CLIMB "'-' U ,S.GAL ~j
01 zO
W
I
oz
to Figure 5-17. trl~
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CRUISE POWER SETTING TABLES "tlW

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t
,!:>. tr!tr!
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The following tables are based on Lycoming 10- 540-T4A5D or 10- 540-T4I35D engine charts. @O
S;Z
TECHNIQUE
:r--<
Z

To obtain the desired percent power, set manifold pressure and fuel flow for desired engine speed at tl1e appropriate pressure altitude
and outside air temperature.
IQ
EXAMPLE

GIVEN: Percent Power 55 PERCENT

C
Engine Speed 2300 RPM

op
Pressure Altitude 6000 FT

I
yr
ig
Outside Air Temperature 5.0 DEG C

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C
FIND; Manifold Pressure, Fig. 5-21 19.6 IN .HG.
o-a

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Fuel Flow, Fig. 5-21 11.2 U.S. GAL/HR

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m
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-f

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Z-a

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Cili=

ne ic
:1:2

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Vi

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Z

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up y*
C
'"o

20 *
13
o

Al
"

lR
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s
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....
CIl

I
~ NOTES: 1. Fuel flows are presented for BEST ECONOMY; if BEST POWER mixture is selected, the fuel flow will increase 14%. BEST
(!>
c- POWER mixture can be obtained by following the procedure described on Page 1-6, "Power Terminology", GENERAL Section.
, 2. Normal interpolation techniques can be used to determine fuel flow and manifold pressure data for non-tabulated values of n
, .... altitude, OAT, % BHP and RPM. O::r,l
co s=o
~ ~n
@~
.lIl
':
.....
, <0
I "'I ::::tr!t-'
1m ,!:>.::r,lt-'
0 ......
) U)
,....n;:o
; ~ ::;::00
n <D ~n

~~
) 0-
1.
. ..... ZM
"co SEA LEVEL PRESSUHE ALTITUDE tJL'
,,~
;;.- ML'
~~ ;:0
.......
j

-to OUTSIDE AIR TEMPEHATURE "'-' DEG C I


~-.l
:)0">
-40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 I
.J RPM 10 BHP MP FF MP FF MP FF NIP FF MP FF :VIP FF MP FF MP FF :vIP FF MP VI' I
.J

C
op
2500 75 21.2 14.3 21.9 14.3 22.5 14.3 23.2 14.3 23.9 14.3 24.5 14.3 25.1 14.3 25.8 14 3 .4 14.3 27.1 14.3 I

yr
ig
65 19.2 12.9 19.7 12.9 20.3 12.9 20.9 12.9 21.4 12.9 22.0 12.9 22.5 12.9 23.1 12.9 23.7 12.9 24.3 12.9

ht
C
55 17.1 11.6 17.6 11.6 18.0 11.6 18.5 11.6 19.0 11.6 19.5 11.6 20.0 11.6 20.5 11.6 20.9 1l.G 21.4 11.6

om
m
45 14.9 10.3 15.4 10.3 15.8 10.3 16.2 10.3 16.6 10.3 17.0 10.3 17.4 10.3 17.8 10.3 18.1 10.3 18.6 10.3

an
o

de *
-c
2400 75 21. 9 14.0 22.6 14.0 23.3 14.0 23.9 14.0 24.6 14.0 25.3 14.0 25.9 14.0 26.6 14.0 27.3 14.0 28.0 14.0 m

r O *un
:;:t:1

w off
65 19.8 12.6 20.4 12.6 21.0 12.6 21.6 12.6 22.2 12.6 22.7 12.6 23.3 12.6 23.9 12.6 24.5 12.6 25.0 12.6 l>

ne ic
-4

rs ial
55 17.6 11.4 18.1 11.4 18.6 11.4 19.2 11.4 19.7 11.4 20.2 11.4 20.7 11.4 21.1 11.4 21.6 11.4 22.1 11 .4 Z-c

G co
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ro p
45 15.5 10.1 15.9 10.1 16.3 10.1 16.7 10.1 17.1 10.1 17.5 10.1 17.9 10.1 18.3 10.1 18.8 10.1 19.2 10.1 Ig

up y*
l>V;

20 *
2300 65 20.6 12.4 21.2 12.4 21.8 12.4 22.5 12.4 23.1 12.4 23.7 12.4 24.3 12.4 24.8 12.4 25.4 12.4 2G.0 12.4 Z

13
o

Al
55 18.4 11.2 18.9 11.2 19.4 11.2 19.9 11.2 20.5 11.2 21.0 11. 2 21. 5 11.2 22.0 11.2 22.5 11.2 23.0 11.2 o:J
o

lR
o

ig
45 16.2 9.9 16.6 9.9 17.0 9.9 17.5 9.9 17.9 9.9 18.3 9.9 18.7 9.9 19.1 9.9 19.6 9.9 20.0 9.9

ht
"

s
2200 55 19.2 10.9 19.7 10.9 20.3 10.9 20.8 10.9 21.3 10.9 21.9 10.9 22.4 10.9 22.9 10.9 23.4 10.9 23.9 10.9

R
es
er
45 16.9 9.7 17.3 9.7 17.7 9.7 18.2 9.7 18.6 9.7 19.0 9.7 19.5 9.7 19.9 9.7 20.4 9.7 20.8 9.7

ve
d
NOTES: 1. Manifold Pressure (MP) "'-' IN.HG.
2. Fuel Flow (FF) ......... U.S.GAL/Hr.
"0
3. Fuel flows are presented for BEST ECONOMY. If BEST POWER mixture is selected the fuel flow will increase 14! M
BEST POWER mixture can be obtained by following the procedure described on page 6, "Power ;:0
"!jUl
GENERAL Section. OtTj
~~
CJ1
1
1Z6
nZ
....
.;>.
Figure 518 . M<
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I ;::n::u
.l:>. .l:>.OO
I\:)
~n
~::>'i
2000 r~EET PRESSURE ALTITUDE ~~
Cir
Mr
::0

OUTSIDE AIR TEMPEHATURE ......... DEC C


-40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50
RPM (Jb DrIP MP FF MP FF MP FF MP F1" MP FF MP FF MP 1"1" MP FF MP FF MP f'f'

2500 75 21.0 14.3 21.6 14.3 22.3 14.3 22.9 14.3 23.6 14.3 24.3 14.3 24.9 14. '25.6 14.3 - - - -

C
65 18.9 12.9 19.5 12.9 20.0 12.9 20.6 12.9 21.1 12.9 21.7 12.9 22.3 12.9 22.9 12.9 23.4 12.9 24.0 12.9

op
yr
16.8 11.6 17.3 11.6 17.7 11.6 18.2 11.6 18.7 11.6 19.2 11.6 19.7 11. 6 20.2 11.6 20.7 11.6 21.1 11.6

ig
55

ht
o

C
45 14.6 10.3 15.1 10.3 15.4 10.3 15.8 10.3 16.3 10.3 16.7 10.3 17.1 10.3 17.5 10.3 17.9 10.3 18.3 10.3

om
."
m
- - - -

m
2400 75 21.6 14.0 22.3 14.0 23.0 14.0 23.7 14.0 24.4 14.0 25.0 14.0 25.7 14.0 26.6 14.0 ~

an

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65 19.5 12.6 20.1 12.6 20.7 12.6 21.3 12.6 21.8 12.6 22.4 12.6 23.0 12.6 23.6 12.6 24.2 12.6 24.8 12.6 -I

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55 17.3 11.4 17.8 11.4 18.3 11.4 18.8 11.4 19.4 11.4 19.9 11.4 20.4 11.4 20.8 11.4 21.3 11.4 21.8 11.4 G)i=

w off
2

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45 15.2 10.1 15.6 10.1 16.0 10.1 16.4 10.1 16.8 10.1 17.2 10.1 17.6 10.1 18.0 10.1 18.5 10.1 18.9 10.1
>v;

G co
z

ro p
2300 65 20.3 12.4 20.9 12.4 21.5 12.4 22.1 12.4 22.8 12.4 23.4 12.4 24.0 12.4 24.6 12.4 25.1 12.4 25.7 12.4 o

up y*
O:J
o

20 *
55 18.1 11.2 18.6 11.2 19.1 11.2 19.6 11.2 20.2 11.2 20.7 11.2 21.2 11.2 21.7 11.2 22.2 11.2 22.7 11.2
o

13
45 15.8 9.9 16.3 9.9 16.7 9.9 17.1 9.9 17.5 9.9 18.0 9.9 18.4 9.9 18.8 9.9 19.2 9.9 19.7 9.9 ~

Al
lR
2200 55 18.9 10.9 19.4 10.9 19.9 10.9 20.5 10.9 21.0 10.9 21.5 10.9 22.1 10.9 22.6 10.9 23.1 10.9 23.6 10.9

ig
ht
s
45 16.5 9.7 16.9 9.7 17.4 9.7 17.8 9.7 18.3 9.7 18.7 9.7 19.2 9.7 19.6 9.7 20.1 9.7 20.5 9.7

R
"",c,_",',_'"

es
er
NOTES: 1. Manifold Pressure (MP) "'" IN .Hg.

ve
2. Fuel Flow (FF) ""'U.8. GAL/HR.
. .....

d
:, til 3. Fuel flows are presented for BEST ECONOMY. If BEST POWER mixture is selected, the fuel flow will increase 14% .
:f!! BE&'T POWER mixture can be obtained by following the procedure described on page 1-6, "Power Terminology",
"d
" m GENERAL Section.
'Q.
~

~
....... 4. Dashed lines indicate that manifold pressure at those outside air temperatures are either unobtainable, or not autholi zed
M
::u
'TjCIJ
,.co because of manifold pressure/RPM limitations. OM
!~
~~ ~~
~..... ~O
:>e:>
.J-J
n'2:
.J0'l Figure 5-19 M<
J ..... '"d"Cll
til
MM
.~
(1)
~()
0. '"':1::l
..... 00
,0::> 4000 FEET PRESSURE ALTITUDE ~Z
'~ H<:
'po
'<
5;
()
..... M
'<0
.-l OUTSIDE AIR TEMPERATURE......., DEG C
0:.
-40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50
% BHP

C
RPM MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF

op
-

yr
2500 75 20.7 14.3 21.4 14.3 22.0 14.3 22.7 14.3 23.4 14.3 24.0 14.3 - - - - - -

ig
ht
65 18.6 12.9 19.2 12.9 19.8 12.9 20.4 12.9 20.9 12.9 21.5 12.9 22.0 12.9 22.6 12.9 23.2 12.9 23.8 12.9

C
om
55 16.5 11.6 17.0 11.6 17.5 11.6 18.0 11.6 18.5 11.6 19.0 11.6 19.5 11.6 19.9 11.6 20.4 11.6 20.9 11.6

m
an
45 14.4 10.3 14.8 10.3 15.2 10.3 15.6 10.3 16.0 10.3 16.4 10.3 16.8 10.3 17.2 10.3 17.6 10.3 18.0 10.3 o-c

de *
m

r O *un
2400 75 21.4 14.1 22.0 14 .1 22.7 14.1 23.5 14.1 24.1 14.1 - - - - - - - - - ;;0

w off
ne ic
-I
65 19.2 12.6 19.9 12.6 20.4 12.6 21.0 12.6 21.6 12.6 22.2 12.6 22.8 12.6 23.4 12.6 24.0 12.G -

rs ial
Z-c

G co
55 17.1 11.4 17.5 11.4 18.1 11.4 18.6 11.4 19.1 11.4 19.6 11.4 20.1 11.4 20.6 11.4 21.1 11.4 21. 5 11.4 G)i=

ro p
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up y*
45 14.9 10.1 15.3 10.1 15.7 10.1 16.1 10.1 16.5 10.1 16.9 10.1 17.4 10.1 17.8 10.1 18.2 10.1 18.6 10.1 ~

20 *
Z

13
2300 65 20.0 12.4 20.6 12.4 21.2 12.4 21.8 12.4 22.5 12.4 23.1 12.4 23.8 12.4 24.3 12.4 - - - o

Al
ttl
o

lR
55 17.8 11.2 18.3 11.2 18.8 11.2 19.4 11.2 19.9 11.2 20.4 11.2 20.9 11.2 21.4 11.2 21.9 11.2 22.5 11.2
o,.:::

ig
ht
45 15.5 9.9 16.0 9.9 16.4 9.9 16.8 9.9 17.2 9.9 17.7 9.9 18.1 9.9 18.5 9.9 18.9 9.9 19.4 9.9

s
R
es
2200 55 18.6 10.9 19.1 10.9 19.7 10.9 20.2 10.9 20.7 10.9 21.2 10.9 21.8 10.9 22.3 10.9 22.8 10.9 23.4 10.9

er
ve
45 16.2 9.7 16.6 9.7 17.0 9.7 17 .5 9.7 18.0 9.7 18.4 9.7 18.9 9.7 19.3 9.7 19.8 9.7 20.2 9.7

d
- -

NOTES: 1. Manifold Pressure (MP) -.... IN.Hg.


2. Fuel Flow (FF) -.... U.S.GAL/Hr.
3. Fuel flows are presented for BES'T ECONOMY. If BEST POWER mixture is selected, the fuel flow will increase 14%.
BEST POWER mixture can be obtained by following the procedure described on page 1-6, "Power Terminology",
GENERAL Section.
()
4. Dashed lines indicate that manifold pressure at those outside air temperatures are either unobtainable, or not authorized
0::0
because of manifold pressure/RPM limitations.
~?S

<J1
~~
.... tH'l
..,.
I
.... f:!:ll:""
W Figure 5-20. ..".~I:""
VI
.... o::c
....
I

.... :;;:00
~Q
GOOO FEET PRESSURE ALTITUDE ~~
tJt'
trlt'
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OUTSIDE AIR TEMPERATURE "-' DEG C
-4( -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50
RPM % BHP MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF tv1P FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF
2500 75 20.5 14.3 21.2 14.3 21.8 14.3 22.5 14.3 - - - - - - - - - - - -

C
op
65 18.4 12.9 19.0 12.9 19.6 12.9 20.1 12.9 20.7 12.9 21.3 12.9 21.8 12.9 22.4 12.9 - - - -

yr
ig
55 16.3 11.6 16.8 11.6 17.2 11. 6 17.7 11.6 18.2 11.6 18.7 11.6 19.2 11. 6 19.7 11.6 20.2 11.6 20.7 11.6

ht
C
45 14.1 10.3 14.5 10.3 14.9 10.3 15.3 10.3 15.7 10.3 16.1 10.3 16.5 10.3 16.7 10.3 17.4 10.3 17.8 10.3 o

om
"
m

m
2400 75 20.9 14.0 21.8 14.0 22.5 14.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

an
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l>

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65 19.0 12.6 19.6 12.6 20.2 12.6 20.8 12.6 21.3 12.6 21.9 12.6 22.5 12.6 - - - - - - -t

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Z"

w off
55 16.8 11.4 17.3 11.4 17.8 11.4 18.3 11.4 18.9 11.4 19.4 11.4 19.9 11.4 20.3 11.4 20.8 11.4 21.3 11.4 G'>r=

ne ic
9

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45 14.7 10.1 15.1 10.1 15.5 10.1 15.9 10.1 16.3 10.1 16.7 10.1 17.1 10.1 17.5 10.1 17.9 10.1 18.4 10.1 :I:
l>Vi

G co
z

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2300 65 19.8 12.4 20.4 12.4 21.0 12.4 21.6 12.4 22.2 12.4 - - - - - - - - - -

up y*
o
CJ:J

20 *
55 17.5 11.2 18.0 11.2 18.6 11.2 19.1 11.2 19.6 11.2 20.1 11.2 20.6 11.2 21.1 11.2 21.6 11.2 22.2 11.2 o

13
o

Al
45 15.2 9.9 15.7 9.9 16.1 9.9 16.5 9.9 16.9 9.9 17.4 9.9 17.8 9.9 18.2 9.9 18.7 9.9 19.1 9.9
"

lR
- -

ig
2200 55 18.3 10.9 18.8 10.9 19.4 10.9 20.0 10.9 20.5 10.9 21.0 10.9 21.5 10.9 22.0 10.9 22.6 10.9

ht
s
45 15.8 9.7 16.3 9.7 16.7 9.7 17.2 9.7 17.7 9.7 18.1 9.7 18.6 9.7 19.1 9.7 19.5 9.7 20.0 9.7

R
es
---

er
ve
NOTES: 1. Manifold Pressure (MP) "-' IN .Hg.

d
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1)
2. Fuel Flow (FF) ......" U.S.GAL/Hr.
<:_. ....
til 3. Fuel flows are presented for BEST ECONOMY. If BEST POWER mixture is selected, the fuel flow will increase 14%.
~ ~ BEST POWER mixture can be obtained by following the procedure described on page 1-6, "Power Terminology",
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,. 0- GENERAL Section. "d
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4. Dashed lines indicate that manifold pressure at those outside air temperatures are either unobtainable, or not authorized ::c
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OUTSIDE AIR TEMPERATURE'""" DEG C
1 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50
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RPM % BHP MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF

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2500 75 20.3 14.3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ... ...

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65 18.2 12.9 18.8 12.9 19.4 12.9 20.0 12.9 20.5 12.9 - ... - ... ... ... - ... ...

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55 16.0 11.6 16.5 11.6 17.0 11.6 17.5 11.6 18.0 11.6 18.5 11.6 19.0 11.6 19.5 11.6 20.0 11.6 20.5 11.6

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2400 75 20.9 14.0 - - - - ... - - - - - - - - ;:10

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-

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- - - - - - - ... - - - ... ...

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2300 65 19.6 12.4 20.2 12.4 20.8 12.4 ...
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2200 55 18.0 10.9 18.6 10.9 19.2 10.9 19.7 10.9 20.3 10.9 20.8 10.9 - - - - - ...

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NOTES: 1. Manifold Pressure (MP) '""" IN .Hg.
2. Fuel Flow (FF) '""" U.S.GAL/Hr.
3. Fuel flows are presented for BEST ECONOMY. If BEST POWER mixture is selected, the fuel flow will increase 14(i'(;.
BEST POWER mixture can be obtained by following the procedure described on page 1-6, "Power Terminology",
GENERAL Section.
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4. Dashed lines indicate that manifold pressure at those outside air are either unoblainable, or not authori zed
because of manifold pressure/RPM limitations. ~~
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Figure 5-22. ",,~t-'
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10,000 FEET PRESSURE ALTITUDE
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OUTSIDE AIR TEMPERATURE"""" DEG C
-40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 3J 40 "0
RPM fa BHP MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF

2500 65 18.0 12.9 18.6 12.9 19.2 12.9 - - - - - - - - - - - -

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45 13.7 10.3 14.1 10.3 14.5 10.3 14.9 10.3 15.3 10.3 15.7 10.3 16.1 10.3 16.7 10.3 17.0 10.3

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2400 65 18.6 12.6 19.2 12.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

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2300 65 19.4 12.4
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15.3 9.7 15.8 9.7 16.2 9.7 16.7 9.7 17.2 9.7 17.7 9.7 18.1 9.7 18.6 - - - -
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NOTES: 1. Manifold Pressure (MP) ......., IN .Hg.

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2. Fuel Flow (FF) "'"'- U.S. GAL/Hr.

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3. Fuel flows are presented for BEST ECONOMY. If BEST POWER mixture is selected, the fuel flow will increase 14%.

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BEST POWER mixture can be obtained by following the procedure described on page 1-6, "Power Terminology",

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GENERAL Section.

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4. Dashed lines indicate that manifold pressure at those outside air temperatures are either unobtainable. or not authorized
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.... 12,000 FEET PRESSURE ALTITUDE Ztrl
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OUTSIDE AIR TEMPERATURE """ DEG C !
1 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 j
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RPM % BHP MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF

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2500 55 15.7 11.6 16.2 11.6 16.7 11.6 17.2 11.6 17.7 11.6 - - - - - - - - -

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2400 55 16.2 11.4 16.7 11.4 17.3 11.4 17.8 11.4 - - - - - - - - - - -

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NOTES: 1. Manifold Pressure (MP) """ IN. Hg. C:I
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BEST POWER mixture can be obtained by following the procedure described on page 1-6, "Power Terminology",
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GENERAL Section.

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because of manifold pressure/RPM limitations.

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14,000 FEET PRESSURE ALTITUDE
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OUTSIDE AIR TEMPERATURE '""" DEG C tx1
-40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50
RPM % BHP MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF

2500 55 15.6 11.6 16.1 11.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -


- - - - -

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45 13.4 10.3 13.8 10.3 14.2 10 3 14.6 10.3 15.0 10.3 - - - -

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2400 55 16.1 11.4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

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2300 45 14.4 9.9 14.8 9.9 15.3 9.9 15.7 9.9 - - - - - - - - - - - - ,.,m

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.....

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15,000 FEET PRESSURE ALTITUDE

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OUTSIDE AIR TEMPERATURE ......, DEG C z

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RPM % BHP MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF MP FF OJ

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2500 55 15.5 11.6 16.1 11.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - o

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2400 45 13.7 10.1 14.2 10.1 14.6 10.1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - i

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2300 45 14.3 9.9 14.7 9.9 15.2 9.9 - - - - -

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2200 45 14.8 9.7 15.3 9.7 - - - - - - - - - - - -

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......
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~ ~ NOTES: 1. Manifold Pressure (MP) ......, IN .Hg.
:l.ro
'Q. 2. Fuel Flow (FF) ......, U. S. GAL/Hr. (1
,," 3. Fuel flows are presented for BEST ECONOMY. If BEST POWER mixture is selected, the fuel flow will increase
" ....
1>00 BEST POWER mixture can be obtained by following the procedure described on page 1-6, "Power Terminology",
O:D
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:l ~
~~
GENERAL Section. ~~
.........
4. Dashed lines indicate that manifold pressure at those outside air temperatures are either unobtainable, or not authorized
because of manifold pressure/RPM limitations .
z.s
tJtrl
'.0(0 .... trlt'"
~:Dt:""
-.1-:1
-.10') Figure 525.
ROCKWELL PILOT'S
COMMANDER OPERATING HANDBOOK SECTION V
114 PERFORMANCE

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THIS PAGE
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INTENTIONALLY
LEFT BLANK
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Issued: 18 May 1976 5-49


~_~_~ _ .. ...l. t)t) ,, ___ .!'1 1""''''
<:l1
I
<:l1
CRUISE TRUE AIRSPEED (SIN 14000 THRU 14149) '"
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The Cruise True Airspeed is presented in Fih'Ure 5-26 for outside air tempprature. pressure altitude and puwer at maximum
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gross weight of 3140 Lbs. ~~
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ASSOCIATED CONDITIONS

Power AS REQUIRED
Wing Flaps o DEG
Landing Gear RETRACTED
Cowl Flaps CLOSED

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TECHNlQUE

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After establiShing the desired percentage of power from the power tables presented in this section, trim the airplane in a stabilized condition
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with zero rate of climb.
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EXAMPLE m

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GIVEN: Outside Air Temperature 5 DEG C .....

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Pressure Altitude 5000 FT
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Power Setting 55 PERCENT (2300 RPM)
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FIND: True Airspeed, Fig. 5-26 128KTS (TAS) ::I:

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NOTE: The cruise true airspeeds presented here are for BEST ECONOMY mixture. If BEST POWER mixture is selected, the true airspeed
:l.(!l
will increase 1%. BEST POWER can be obtained by following the procedure described under "Power Terminology", GENERAL
'" ..
'Po
Section, Page 1-6.
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"' .....
00
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::0- CRlJ1SE TRUE AIRSPEED (SIN 14000 THRU 14149) ..... 0::0
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AT BEST ECONOMY ..... 00
::. /!.! .;:..~()
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AIRPLANE WEIGHT 3140 LB
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COOl NOTES: 1, FULL THROTTLE DATA IS PRESENTED FOR ISA CONDITIONS ONLY
-.] 2. THE TRUE AIRSPEEDS PRESENTED HERE ARE FOR BEST ECONOMY
-.]
MIXTURE, IF A BEST POWER MIXTURE IS SELECTED, THE TRUE:

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AIRSPEED WILL INCREASE 1%, BEST POWFR CAN BE OBTAINED

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BY FOLLOWING THE PROCEDURE DESCRIBED UNDER POWER

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TERMINOLOGY. GENERAL SECTION, PAGE 16,

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