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Types of Sentences According to Use 45 minutes Roselyn Mae Lanuzo

I. Objectives
At the end of the lesson the students should be able to:

1. Classify sentences according to their uses.


2. Construct declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory sentences.
3. Read sentences correctly and clearly with expressions.
4. Show teamwork and cooperation through participating in a group activity.
II. Contents
Topic References Materials

Different Types of Sentence Grammar and Composition 4 by Visual Aids, Charts, Flash Cards,
According to Structure Prentice Hall Pictures, Name Tags

Proficiency in English 8 by
Simeon Tabunda

Procedure
A. Learning Activities
Teachers Activity Students Activity

Good Morning Class... Good Morning Maam!

Let us pray first... (One Student will lead the Prayer)

(Checking of Attendance) (Students will tell whos absent for the


day)

So hows your day? Is it good so far? It was great Maam!

Thats good to know. So, are you to discuss our new topic today? Yes Maam!

Okay thats good, so lets begin this with a group activity! Are you Yes Maam!
ready?

Motivation
Group Activity:
The students will be divided in to four; each group will be given pieces of paper with words written on them.
They will be asked to arrange the words in order to make a sentence.

They will come up with the following sentences:

1. Philippines is rich in natural resources.


2. When did you go visit the white island?
3. Please give the certificate.
4. I cant believe it! We won!
Teacher Students

Presentation (Students will give their answers)

Very nice! I am very pleased you were able to finish the task given
to you. Now lets discuss your answers. Anybody who can tell me
what he/she notices with the following sentences?

Discussion (Student will volunteer to read the


first sentence: A declarative sentence
Very good observation! Now, let me introduce you the four types of states a fact or opinion and ends with
sentences. Would someone read this sentence for me? a period.)

Thanks. Now, lets take a look at the sentence that group 1 came up (Student answers: Maam, because it
with. This one is a declarative sentence. Could you tell me the reason gives an idea and it states a fact. It
why its classified as declarative? also ends with a period)

Very good. Well said. Now, can somebody give me an example of a (Students answer)
declarative sentence?

Nice answers! Now lets talk about the second type of sentence. (Student will volunteer to read the
Would someone read the definition written on the board? first sentence: An interrogative
sentence asks a question and ends
with a question mark.)

Nice one and could you give me an example as well? (The student will give an example.)

Very good! Its easy to understand, right? Remember that an Yes, Maam!
interrogative sentence ends with a question mark. The sentence that
group 2 came up with is an example of it! Did you get it?

I also want to remind you that you have to read an interrogative Yes, Maam!
sentence well. You have to sound like youre really asking a question.
Dont just read it as if its a declarative sentence so you wont be
misunderstood when someone listens to you.

That is wonderful! So lets proceed to the next type of sentence An imperative sentence expresses a
which is the imperative sentence. Read the definition, request or gives a command or
____________. direction. It also and ends with a
period or exclamation mark.

Thanks. Now, lets check the sentence that group 3 came up with. It (A student volunteers and answers:
ends with a period but that doesnt mean its a declarative sentence. Maam, its because the sentence do
Can somebody explain the class why? not state a fact an opinion. It states a
Teacher Students

request.)

You got it! Perfect! Now, I want you class to give me an example of (students volunteer to give their
an imperative sentence that gives an order or direction. answers)

Oh! Well done! So, what about an imperative sentence that (students volunteer to give their
expresses a request? answers)

Oh! I could see that you got a little confused with the imperative (Student reads: An exclamatory
sentence but I am glad you were able to get its function. Nice try for sentence conveys emotion and ends
those who gave their answers! Now lets discuss the last type of with an exclamation mark.)
sentence. Exclamatory sentence. Read the definition, ___________.

Thanks. Thats good. Now, I know youll find it very easy to (students volunteer to give their
understand its function. Can somebody give me an example? answers)

Well done, class! Do you have any questions? Any clarifications? (students says no)/(students asks
questions)

Analysis (students answer)

Nice. I am pleased with your participation. Now lets have a short


activity before you take the quiz.

Using the pictures shown on the board, I want you to form different (students answer)
types of sentences according to function.

Picture 1 (student answers:

1. Declarative: Daniel Padilla is an


actor.
2. Interrogative: Is he famous?
3. Imperative: Could you please give
me his phone number?
4. Exclamatory: OMG! Its I saw
Daniel Padilla!)

Picture 2 (student answers:

1. Declarative: They are asking for


directions.
2. Interrogative: Are they lost?
3. Imperative: Would you please tell
us how to get there?
Teacher Students

4. Exclamatory: Help! We are lost!)

Picture 3 (student answers:

1. Declarative: The team won the


contest.
2. Interrogative: Did they win the
contest?
3. Imperative: Lets clap our hands for
the winning team!
4. Exclamatory: Hurray! We won!)

Picture 4 (student answers:

1. Declarative: She reaches the


mountain top.
2. Interrogative: Did she hike alone?
3. Imperative: Please take me to the
mountain top.
4. Exclamatory: At last! I reached the
top!)

Generalization (students answer)

Now, class, lets remember that sentences have four functions. They
can be declarative, interrogative, imperative or exclamatory. Can you
again tell me the differences of the four?

And let us also remember the right punctuations to use when


forming a sentence.
Application
Group Activity: Make a short presentation depicting different situations. Make sure to use all types of
sentences.
Group 1: You and your friends are in a concert.
Group 2: You are lost when you meet a group of friends having fun on the road.
Group 3: A famous actress visited your village.
Group 4: Your teacher informed you about your failing marks.

Evaluation
Directions: Read each sentence carefully and identify their function. Write DC if it is declarative, INC if it is
interrogative, IMC if it is imperative and EC if it is Exclamatory.
1. Samar Island is known for its beautiful caves and water falls.
2. Did the organization approve her proposal?
3. Isnt her voice magnificent!
4. Its a baby boy!
5. Call the insurance agent, please.
6. Watch out for that car!
7. What harm did the delay cause?
8. Most people do enjoy taking risks.
9. Is there anything else that I can get you?
10. Keep off the grass.
Assignment
Write a short narrative about your most unforgettable experience. Use at least 4 declarative, 4 imperative, 4
exclamatory and 4 interrogative sentences.