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# 7/16/2017 How much cement, sand and water is required for 12mm thick plastering?

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How Much Cement, Sand And Water Is Required For 12mm Thick
Plastering?
Home (http://www.happho.com) > Home Construction Tips (http://www.happho.com/category/home-construction-tips/) > How much cement, sand and water is required for 12mm thick plastering?

Plastering is done on the walls to remove surface imperfections, maintain line level and alignment. In addition to that
italso acts as a protective surface for external walls. Cement plaster, Gypsum plaster and Lime plaster are the commonly
used plastering materials for house constructions. Cement plaster is made by mixing cement and sand in the proportions
required. Cement plaster is applied to both interior and exterior walls to give them a smooth surface.

## Recommended Cement Mortar ratio for Plastering:

Mix Ratio of
General Usage Recommended
Mortar

Very rich mortar mix. Not recommended for general usage at sites. Can act as a repair mortar with a
1:3
waterproo ng/bonding agent

## 1:4 For External Plaster and for ceiling plaster

1:5 Brickwork Mortar and for Internal plaster (If sand is not ne Fineness Modulas > 3)

## How to Calculate Cement and Sand Required for Cement Plastering:

To arrive at the quantities of Cement, Sand and Water required for Plastering work, we need to understand on what
parameters do these quantities depend.

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7/16/2017 How much cement, sand and water is required for 12mm thick plastering? - Happho

1. Volume of Plaster required: Volume of Plaster can be determined by multiplying the area of plastering to be done and
thickness of plaster (12 mm in this case)
2. Mix Ratio of Plaster: Mix ratio mean the ratio of Volume of Cement to the Sand used in the mixture. Plaster of mix ratio
1:4 mean that it contains one part of cement and 4 parts of sand by volume. Since the amount of cement and sand
changes with the change in the mix ratio, it is one of the most important factors in determining the quantities.

## Quantities of Cement, Sand and Water in Various Mix Ratio of Plaster:

Area (Sqm) Plaster thickness (mm) Mix Ratio of Mortar Cement (in Kgs) Sand (In cft) Water (in Kgs)

## 10 12 1:6 27.80 4.24 44

Wastage of materials is not considered in the calculation. You can consider awastage factor of 5% to the above
calculation.

to the mixture.

plaster-walls/)

## Method-1: DLBD method to Calculate Cement, Sand and Water required

forPlaster (1:4)
For calculation purposes, lets assume that the area that needs to be plastered is 100 sqft (10 ft X 10 ft wall) and a Plaster
ofMix ratio 1:4 (cement:sand) is used.

We shall use DLBD method (Dry Loose Bulk Density) in determining the ratios. This is the most accurate method as it
accounts for the variations in the Loose Bulk Density. Loose bulk density might vary based on the location available
materials.

## Step-1: Calculate the weights of materials required using bulk densities

Plaster of 1:4 Cement : sand (Volume proportion)

Volume of 1 Bag of Cement (50 kg) = 36 litre or 0.036 cum (cement loose density as 1440 kgs/cum)

Volume of Sand required (using 1:4 proportion) = 0.036x 4 = 0.144 x 1600 = 230 kgs (considering sand dry bulk density as
1600 kgs/cum.)

Usually around 20% of water by weight of the total dry material is mixed in the mixture to achieve the desired
workability.

Water required = Weight of total dry material * 20% = (50+230) x 0.2 = 56 liter = 0.056 cum
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7/16/2017 How much cement, sand and water is required for 12mm thick plastering? - Happho

*(Keep this handy to derive initial water requirement in any cement mortar)

## Step-2: Calculate the volumeof wet plaster mixture

Cement = 50 kgs , Sand = 230 kgs and Water = 56 kgs

## Density of Cement sand mortar = 2200 kg/cum (Approximately)

So, Amount of plaster mortar (1: 4) yielded with one Bag of cement (50 kgs) = 336/2200 = 0.153 cum

## Step-3: Calculate Plaster volume required

Amount of plaster mortar required for plastering 100 sq.ft. (10 sq.mtr) area of 12 mm thickness

## = 10 x 0.012 = 0.12 cum

Thus to do 100 sq.ft.plaster (12mm thick) with 1:4 proportion, the individual material required are

## Step-4: CalculateMaterials required for the plaster volume

Cement needed would be = (50/0.153)x 0.12 = 39.21 kgs. or 0.784 bags

## Sand needed would be = (230/0.153)x 0.12 = 180 kgsor 5 cft

Bulkage of Sand is not taken into account. A correction for bulkage has to be taken into account.

## Method-2: Empiricalmethod to Calculate Cement, Sand and Water required

forPlaster (1:4):
The empirical method is easiest way to calculate the quantities of materials required. Again considering the same
parameters (i.e., Area 100 sqft or 10 Sq meterand thickness 12mm

## Step-1:Calculate the dry volume of cement and sand mixture required

Volume of plaster = Area X Thickness = 10 sq.m. X 0.012 = 0.12 cu.m.

Thewet volume of the mixture is always less than the dry volume.

Dry volume of motor required for plastering = 1.27 X Wetvolume of plaster = 1.27 X 0.012 = 0.1524 cu.m.

## Step-2:Calculatethe volume of Sand and Cement required

The mix ratio of plaster mortar is 1:4, So the volumes of materials required would be

## Sand required = 4/5 X 0.1524 = 0.12192 cu.m.

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7/16/2017 How much cement, sand and water is required for 12mm thick plastering? - Happho

## Step-3: Get weights of materials required using densities:

To get the weights of materials required in multiply it with its density

## Cement required = 0.03048 cu.m. X 1440 kg/cu.m. =43.89Kgs

Since Sand is usually measured in cu.ft. = 0.12192 X 35.29 = 4.302cu.ft. or 195 kgs

You can calculate the cement and Sand requirement for other Thickness of plaster and Mix ratio by just changing the
numbers.

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11 THOUGHTS ON HOW MUCH CEMENT, SAND AND WATER IS REQUIRED FOR 12MM THICK PLASTERING?

April 15, 2017 at 10:42 am (http://www.happho.com/much-cement-sand-water-required-plastering-12mm-thick-plaster/#comment-566)

I have one question in DLBD method in step-1 who have calculated volume of water is 56 litres and in step-2 instead of converting that 56 litres into
kg who had directly put that value in kgs why???

April 15, 2017 at 11:09 am (http://www.happho.com/much-cement-sand-water-required-plastering-12mm-thick-plaster/#comment-567)

The density of water is 1 kg/ltr. So 1 Ltr volume of water weighs 1 Kg. Thats why we have converted the volume of water required in Ltrs to Kgs
directly.

April 15, 2017 at 11:34 am (http://www.happho.com/much-cement-sand-water-required-plastering-12mm-thick-plaster/#comment-568)
Ok understood thank you
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7/16/2017 How much cement, sand and water is required for 12mm thick plastering? - Happho
Ok understood thank you

April 15, 2017 at 11:40 am (http://www.happho.com/much-cement-sand-water-required-plastering-12mm-thick-plaster/#comment-569)

## Keep sending this type of article

April 18, 2017 at 4:35 pm (http://www.happho.com/much-cement-sand-water-required-plastering-12mm-thick-plaster/#comment-590)

you can post speci c question of your interest on our forum, http://www.happho.com/questions/ (http://www.happho.com/questions/)

June 2, 2017 at 10:48 am (http://www.happho.com/much-cement-sand-water-required-plastering-12mm-thick-plaster/#comment-893)

What about the compaction rario. Shouldnt you be multiply it in order to convert in between wet volume(plastered) and dry bulk volume?

June 2, 2017 at 12:59 pm (http://www.happho.com/much-cement-sand-water-required-plastering-12mm-thick-plaster/#comment-896)

The multiplication factor from wet volume to dry volume has been considered in the empirical method.
Dry volume of motor required for plastering = 1.27 X Wet volume of plaster

But in the DLBD method since we are using weights of materials to calculate the material requirement, the conversion is not required.

June 15, 2017 at 6:39 pm (http://www.happho.com/much-cement-sand-water-required-plastering-12mm-thick-plaster/#comment-979)

## Can ppc be used in same proportion as ppc for plastering works?

June 15, 2017 at 6:42 pm (http://www.happho.com/much-cement-sand-water-required-plastering-12mm-thick-plaster/#comment-980)

I mean can ppc and opc be used in same proportion for plastering works?

says:
June 16, 2017 at 1:10 pm (http://www.happho.com/much-cement-sand-water-required-plastering-12mm-thick-plaster/#comment-983)

As discussed in our blog http://www.happho.com/type-cement-used-house-construction/ (http://www.happho.com/type-cement-used-
house-construction/) ,strength (early or later ages) is not a primary selection criteria for selection of type of cement for plaster
applications,thus both types of cement,OPC (early age and ultimate strength) and PPC (low early age and comparable ultimate strength) is
recommended to be used with same proportion for better adhesion,workability and low rebound losses.
We strongly recommend PPC for all masonry and plaster applications, as PPC has slower rate of heat of hydration. Due to less heat of
hydration PCC is prone to less cracks & has reduced shrinkage). It also has better workability and nishing (as y ash in PPC are spherical in
shape and ner in size).

You may also raise other questions on our forum http://www.happho.com/questions/ (http://www.happho.com/questions/)

June 28, 2017 at 9:01 pm (http://www.happho.com/much-cement-sand-water-required-plastering-12mm-thick-plaster/#comment-1042)

Please let me know the ground for taking Dry value of mortar required for plaster as 1.27 cum . Can we force govt departments to follow this in govt
works in the public interest to save money

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