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GIVING A CONVINCING SPEECH

https://www.ted.com/talks/chris_anderson_teds_secret_to_great_public_speaking/transcript?language=en#t-340455

WATCH THE TED TALK ABOUT THE SECRET TO GREAT PUBLIC SPEAKING.
IN PAIRS, TRY TO FILL IN THE GAPS.
Some people think that there's a TED Talk formula:
"Give a talk on a round, red rug."
"Share a 1.__________ story."
"Divulge a personal 2.__________."
"End with an inspiring call to action."
No. That's not how to think of a TED Talk. In fact, if you 3.__________ those devices, you're just going to
come across as clichd or emotionally 4.__________. But there is one thing that all great TED Talks have
in common, and I would like to share that thing with you, because over the past 12 years, I've had a
ringside seat, listening to many hundreds of amazing TED speakers, like these. I've helped them prepare
their talks for prime time, and learned directly from them their secrets of what makes for a great talk.
And even though these speakers and their topics all seem completely different, they actually do have one
key common 5.__________. And it's this: Your number one task as a speaker is to transfer into your
listeners' minds an extraordinary gift -- a strange and beautiful object that we call an idea.
Let me show you what I mean. Here's Haley. She is about to give a TED Talk and 6.__________, she's
terrified. (Video) Presenter: Haley Van Dyck!
Over the course of 7.__________ minutes, 8.__________ people, many of whom have never seen each
other before, are finding that their brains are starting to sync with Haley's brain and with each other. They're
literally beginning to exhibit the same brain-wave patterns. And I don't just mean they're feeling the same
emotions. There's something even more 9.__________ happening.
Let's take a look inside Haley's brain for a moment. There are billions of interconnected 10.__________ in
an impossible tangle. But look here, right here -- a few million of them are linked to each other in a way
which represents a single idea. And incredibly, this exact pattern is being recreated in real time inside the
minds of everyone listening. That's right; in just a few minutes, a pattern involving millions of neurons is
being teleported into 11.__________ minds, just by people listening to a voice and watching a face.
But wait -- what is an idea anyway? Well, you can think of it as a pattern of information that helps you
understand and navigate the world. Ideas come in all shapes and sizes, from the complex and analytical to
the simple and aesthetic.
Here are just a few examples shared from the TED stage. Sir Ken Robinson -- creativity is key to our kids'
future.
(Video) Sir Ken Robinson: My contention is that creativity now is as important in education as
12.__________, and we should treat it with the same status.
Chris Anderson: Elora Hardy -- building from bamboo is beautiful.
(Video) Elora Hardy: It is growing all around us, it's strong, it's 13.__________, it's earthquake-resistant.
CA: Chimamanda Adichie -- people are more than a single identity.
3:08 (Video) Chimamanda Adichie: The single story creates 14.__________, and the problem with
stereotypes is not that they are untrue, but that they are incomplete.
CA: Your mind is teeming with ideas, and not just 15.__________. They're carefully linked together.
Collectively they form an amazingly complex structure that is your personal worldview. It's your brain's
operating system. It's how you navigate the world. And it is built up out of millions of individual ideas.
GIVING A CONVINCING SPEECH
https://www.ted.com/talks/chris_anderson_teds_secret_to_great_public_speaking/transcript?language=en#t-340455

So, for example, if one little component of your worldview is the idea that kittens are adorable, then when
you see this, you'll react like this. But if another 16.__________ of your worldview is the idea that leopards
are dangerous, then when you see this, you'll react a little bit differently. So, it's pretty obvious why the
ideas that make up your worldview are crucial. You need them to be as reliable as possible -- a guide, to
the scary but wonderful real world out there.
Now, different people's 17.__________ can be dramatically different. For example, how does your
worldview react when you see this image:
(Video) Dalia Mogahed: What do you think when you look at me? "A woman of faith," "an expert," maybe
even "a sister"? Or "oppressed," "brainwashed," "a terrorist"?
CA: Whatever your answer, there are millions of people out there who would react very differently. So that's
why ideas really matter. If communicated properly, they're capable of changing, forever, how someone
thinks about the world, and shaping their actions both now and well into the future. Ideas are the most
powerful force shaping human culture.
So if you accept that your number one task as a speaker is to build an idea inside the minds of your
audience, here are four guidelines for how you should go about that task:
One, limit your talk to just one major idea. Ideas are 18.__________ things; you need to slash back your
content so that you can focus on the single idea you're most passionate about, and give yourself a chance
to explain that one thing properly. You have to give context, share examples, make it vivid. So pick one
idea, and make it the through-line running through your entire talk, so that everything you say links back to
it in some way.
Two, give your listeners a reason to 19.__________. Before you can start building things inside the minds
of your audience, you have to get their permission to welcome you in. And the main tool to achieve that?
Curiosity. Stir your audience's curiosity. Use intriguing, provocative questions to identify why something
doesn't make sense and needs explaining. If you can reveal a disconnection in someone's worldview,
they'll feel the need to bridge that knowledge gap. And once you've sparked that desire, it will be so much
easier to start building your idea.
Three, build your idea, piece by piece, out of concepts that your audience already understands. You use
the power of language to weave together concepts that already exist in your listeners' minds -- but not your
language, their language. You start where they are. The speakers often forget that many of the terms and
concepts they live with are completely unfamiliar to their audiences. Now, metaphors can play a crucial role
in showing how the pieces fit together, because they reveal the desired shape of the pattern, based on an
idea that the listener already understands.
For example, when Jennifer Kahn wanted to explain the incredible new 20.__________ called CRISPR,
she said, "It's as if, for the first time, you had a word processor to edit DNA. CRISPR allows you to cut and
paste genetic information really easily." Now, a vivid explanation like that delivers a satisfying aha moment
as it snaps into place in our minds. It's important, therefore, to test your talk on trusted friends, and find out
which parts they get confused by.
Four, here's the final tip: Make your idea worth sharing. By that I mean, ask yourself the question: "Who
does this idea benefit?" And I need you to be honest with the answer. If the idea only serves you or your
organization, then, I'm sorry to say, it's probably not worth sharing. The audience will see right through you.
But if you believe that the idea has the 21.__________ to brighten up someone else's day or change
someone else's perspective for the better or inspire someone to do something differently, then you have
the core ingredient to a truly great talk, one that can be a gift to them and to all of us.
GIVING A CONVINCING SPEECH
https://www.ted.com/talks/chris_anderson_teds_secret_to_great_public_speaking/transcript?language=en#t-340455

Life is Hard, Life is Difficult

My message today is titled Life is hard and its about how to live a great life despite
the fact that life is difficult.

Everybody wants to be happy in life. We all want to live a perfect life. We want that
great job or a successful business. We want to be married to Mr. Right or Mrs Perfect.
We want to have great kids. We want to have friends that stick by us come rain or
shine. We want to be able to have all the material things life has to offer and have all
our problems just disappear.

Everybody wishes for good life. It may be at different levels. One person may define a
good life one way and another may describe it another way. For one person a good
life may be just having three meals a day and a roof over their head. For another it
may be having a huge mansion and a couple of million dollars in the bank.

There are different levels and meanings to what a good life is. But whatever you
definition of it, there is perhaps one thing that you may have in common with many
other people. You might want that good life stress free. You would like to have it
without having to work so hard or struggle so much for it. That is a normal human
expectation. Nobody likes to struggle through life.

Unfortunately, that is also what may be stopping you from having that great life. The
thought of all that work, all that planning, overcoming hurdles and resistance is
enough to make a lot of people give up before they even start. It can all seem too
overwhelming, and for many it all just doesnt seem be worth it. Its like being drained
of energy just at the thought of running a marathon. Before you are even at the
starting line the thought of all that running just scares you and tires you so much
mentally you just decide not to go for it. Its just too hard.

One of my favourite books is titled The Road Less Travelled by M. Scott Peck. The
first sentence in the book is:

Life is difficult.
GIVING A CONVINCING SPEECH
https://www.ted.com/talks/chris_anderson_teds_secret_to_great_public_speaking/transcript?language=en#t-340455

Motivational Speech

Ladies and gentlemen, what I have here is a can of coke. Let me tell you an amazing
story about how this can of coke came to be. Billions of years ago, a big bang
produced a large rock. As the rock cooled, sweet brown liquid formed on its surface.

As time passed, aluminium formed itself into a can, a lid, and a tab. Millions of years
later, red and white paint fell from the sky, and formed itself into the words "Coca
Cola" on the surface of the can. That is how come we are able to enjoy a can of coke
today.

Of course, my story is an insult to your intellect, because you know how the Coca Cola
can is made, and you also know that somebody is responsible for making it.
Furthermore someone had to design it before it could be made.

So why do the so-called scientists of our time want to insult our intelligence in the
same way I just did with this can of coca cola, by telling us that we are nothing more
than a product of evolution? Evolution is defined as A gradual process in which
something changes into a different and usually more complex or better form. It is in
essence, nothing more than the coca cola theory I have just told you, all you have to
do is replace the can of coke with... yourself.
GIVING A CONVINCING SPEECH
https://www.ted.com/talks/chris_anderson_teds_secret_to_great_public_speaking/transcript?language=en#t-340455

THE WALK

I think it all started when I was 18 years old and in my first year at campus. That was
about the time that I started to observe peoples behaviour and just to think about life. I
was taking a walk with two friends and was in deep thought. They were chatting, but I
was not paying attention to what they were saying. Then suddenly I said

You know guys; I am pretty disappointed with the adult world.

One of them asked me why and I explained that when I was going to campus I
expected a lot of change and difference in the behaviour of the people around me.
After all, they were adults. I always thought being an adult was a lot different from
being a kid. However I felt after being on campus for a few months that the adult world
was not what I had expected.

Everyone just seemed to behave like they were still teenagers. Nobody seemed to be
outstanding in any way. There was no distinction, as far as I could see, between the
18 year old and the 50 year old apart from their age! Where was the wisdom and
excellence I had come to expect. There was no change!

I did not know it then, but over the years I have come to see that the reason people
dont change is simply that they do not dare to be different.
GIVING A CONVINCING SPEECH
https://www.ted.com/talks/chris_anderson_teds_secret_to_great_public_speaking/transcript?language=en#t-340455

THE FOLLY OF EDUCATION.

If I were to take just the people in this room, it is likely that most of you have spent
anything from 15 to 20 years getting an education so you can get the jobs you have.
Doesnt it strike you as irresponsible that one can spend so much time getting an
education and yet so many people dont make any deliberate effort to develop their
greatest asset themselves!

Most people think once they have a qualification thats it. They have arrived. Is it any
wonder they dont grow? They are stagnant. Stuck at 18!

Most of us wont even read unless theres an exam in sight. But you know what?
Everyday of your life is an exam. Everyday you either pass or fail the test of life.
Everyday is an opportunity to grow beyond your present barriers and circumstances.
Everyday is a chance to become a better person.

The saddest part is most of people dont realize this. If they had to be graded at the
end of their lives you know what theyd get? D, D and more Ds. And yet they thought
they were doing very well. They let societys common sense grade them.
GIVING A CONVINCING SPEECH
https://www.ted.com/talks/chris_anderson_teds_secret_to_great_public_speaking/transcript?language=en#t-340455

You always have choices

No matter what situation you are in, you have a choice. No matter how bad things are,
you have a choice. No matter what you think you can or cannot do, you have a choice.

Now it may not be an easy choice, by any means. It may be a very difficult choice and
the road you decide to take may be a tough one. It may push you way out of your
comfort zone. It may mean that in the initial period your life may get even harder than
it already is. But it is a choice nonetheless.

A lot of times you will actually find that the choices are not as hard as you thought they
were. You may just have shut off your mind from seeing those choices and
possibilities because you thought you had no choice. Once you become open to the
idea that you are responsible for your life and that you have choices, you will find that
you are no longer stuck just because life is hard.

At that point, life is still hard, but you have the final say. Your life becomes more
meaningful and purposeful.
GIVING A CONVINCING SPEECH
https://www.ted.com/talks/chris_anderson_teds_secret_to_great_public_speaking/transcript?language=en#t-340455

Some people think that there's a TED Talk formula:


"Give a talk on a round, red rug."
"Share a childhood story."
"Divulge a personal secret."
"End with an inspiring call to action."
No. That's not how to think of a TED Talk. In fact, if you overuse those devices, you're just going to
come across as clichd or emotionally manipulative. But there is one thing that all great TED Talks
have in common, and I would like to share that thing with you, because over the past 12 years, I've
had a ringside seat, listening to many hundreds of amazing TED speakers, like these. I've helped
them prepare their talks for prime time, and learned directly from them their secrets of what makes for
a great talk.
And even though these speakers and their topics all seem completely different, they actually do have
one key common ingredient. And it's this: Your number one task as a speaker is to transfer into your
listeners' minds an extraordinary gift -- a strange and beautiful object that we call an idea.
Let me show you what I mean. Here's Haley. She is about to give a TED Talk and frankly, she's
terrified. (Video) Presenter: Haley Van Dyck!
Over the course of 18 minutes, 1,200 people, many of whom have never seen each other before, are
finding that their brains are starting to sync with Haley's brain and with each other. They're literally
beginning to exhibit the same brain-wave patterns. And I don't just mean they're feeling the same
emotions. There's something even more startling happening.
Let's take a look inside Haley's brain for a moment. There are billions of interconnected neurons in an
impossible tangle. But look here, right here -- a few million of them are linked to each other in a way
which represents a single idea. And incredibly, this exact pattern is being recreated in real time inside
the minds of everyone listening. That's right; in just a few minutes, a pattern involving millions of
neurons is being teleported into 1,200 minds, just by people listening to a voice and watching a face.
But wait -- what is an idea anyway? Well, you can think of it as a pattern of information that helps you
understand and navigate the world. Ideas come in all shapes and sizes, from the complex and
analytical to the simple and aesthetic.
Here are just a few examples shared from the TED stage. Sir Ken Robinson -- creativity is key to our
kids' future.
(Video) Sir Ken Robinson: My contention is that creativity now is as important in education as literacy,
and we should treat it with the same status.
Chris Anderson: Elora Hardy -- building from bamboo is beautiful.
(Video) Elora Hardy: It is growing all around us, it's strong, it's elegant, it's earthquake-resistant.
CA: Chimamanda Adichie -- people are more than a single identity.
3:08 (Video) Chimamanda Adichie: The single story creates stereotypes, and the problem with
stereotypes is not that they are untrue, but that they are incomplete.
CA: Your mind is teeming with ideas, and not just randomly. They're carefully linked together.
Collectively they form an amazingly complex structure that is your personal worldview. It's your
brain's operating system. It's how you navigate the world. And it is built up out of millions of individual
ideas.
So, for example, if one little component of your worldview is the idea that kittens are adorable, then
when you see this, you'll react like this. But if another component of your worldview is the idea that
leopards are dangerous, then when you see this, you'll react a little bit differently. So, it's pretty
obvious why the ideas that make up your worldview are crucial. You need them to be as reliable as
possible -- a guide, to the scary but wonderful real world out there.
GIVING A CONVINCING SPEECH
https://www.ted.com/talks/chris_anderson_teds_secret_to_great_public_speaking/transcript?language=en#t-340455

Now, different people's worldviews can be dramatically different. For example, how does your
worldview react when you see this image:
(Video) Dalia Mogahed: What do you think when you look at me? "A woman of faith," "an expert,"
maybe even "a sister"? Or "oppressed," "brainwashed," "a terrorist"?
CA: Whatever your answer, there are millions of people out there who would react very differently. So
that's why ideas really matter. If communicated properly, they're capable of changing, forever, how
someone thinks about the world, and shaping their actions both now and well into the future. Ideas
are the most powerful force shaping human culture.
So if you accept that your number one task as a speaker is to build an idea inside the minds of your
audience, here are four guidelines for how you should go about that task:
One, limit your talk to just one major idea. Ideas are complex things; you need to slash back your
content so that you can focus on the single idea you're most passionate about, and give yourself a
chance to explain that one thing properly. You have to give context, share examples, make it vivid.
So pick one idea, and make it the through-line running through your entire talk, so that everything you
say links back to it in some way.
Two, give your listeners a reason to care. Before you can start building things inside the minds of
your audience, you have to get their permission to welcome you in. And the main tool to achieve
that? Curiosity. Stir your audience's curiosity. Use intriguing, provocative questions to identify why
something doesn't make sense and needs explaining. If you can reveal a disconnection in someone's
worldview, they'll feel the need to bridge that knowledge gap. And once you've sparked that desire, it
will be so much easier to start building your idea.
Three, build your idea, piece by piece, out of concepts that your audience already understands. You
use the power of language to weave together concepts that already exist in your listeners' minds --
but not your language, their language. You start where they are. The speakers often forget that many
of the terms and concepts they live with are completely unfamiliar to their audiences. Now, metaphors
can play a crucial role in showing how the pieces fit together, because they reveal the desired shape
of the pattern, based on an idea that the listener already understands.
For example, when Jennifer Kahn wanted to explain the incredible new biotechnology called
CRISPR, she said, "It's as if, for the first time, you had a word processor to edit DNA. CRISPR allows
you to cut and paste genetic information really easily." Now, a vivid explanation like that delivers a
satisfying aha moment as it snaps into place in our minds. It's important, therefore, to test your talk on
trusted friends, and find out which parts they get confused by.
Four, here's the final tip: Make your idea worth sharing. By that I mean, ask yourself the question:
"Who does this idea benefit?" And I need you to be honest with the answer. If the idea only serves
you or your organization, then, I'm sorry to say, it's probably not worth sharing. The audience will see
right through you. But if you believe that the idea has the potential to brighten up someone else's day
or change someone else's perspective for the better or inspire someone to do something differently,
then you have the core ingredient to a truly great talk, one that can be a gift to them and to all of us.
GIVING A CONVINCING SPEECH
https://www.ted.com/talks/chris_anderson_teds_secret_to_great_public_speaking/transcript?language=en#t-340455

BLOWING IN THE WIND

How many 1._________ must a man walk down


Before you 2. ._________ him a man ?
How many 3. ._________ must a white dove 4._________
Before she 5._________ in the sand ?
Yes, how many 6._________ must the cannon balls 7._________
Before they're forever 8._________ ?
The answer my friend is blowin' in the wind
The answer is blowin' in the wind.

Yes, how many 9._________ can a 10._________ exist


Before it's 11._________ to the sea ?
Yes, how many 12._________ can some people exist
Before they're allowed to be 13._________ ?
Yes, how many 14._________ can a man turn his 15._________
Pretending he just doesn't 16._________ ?
The answer my friend is blowin' in the wind
The answer is blowin' in the wind.

Yes, how many 17._________ must a man look up


Before he can 18._________ the sky ?
Yes, how many 19._________ must one man have
Before he can hear people 20._________ ?
Yes, how many 21._________ will it take till he knows
That 22._________ many people have died ?
The answer my friend is blowin' in the wind
The answer is blowin' in the wind.
GIVING A CONVINCING SPEECH
https://www.ted.com/talks/chris_anderson_teds_secret_to_great_public_speaking/transcript?language=en#t-340455

How many roads must a man walk down


Before you call him a man ?
How many seas must a white dove sail
Before she sleeps in the sand ?
Yes, how many times must the cannon balls fly
Before they're forever banned ?
The answer my friend is blowin' in the wind
The answer is blowin' in the wind.

Yes, how many years can a mountain exist
Before it's washed to the sea ?
Yes, how many years can some people exist
Before they're allowed to be free ?
Yes, how many times can a man turn his head
Pretending he just doesn't see ?
The answer my friend is blowin' in the wind
The answer is blowin' in the wind.

Yes, how many times must a man look up
Before he can see the sky ?
Yes, how many ears must one man have
Before he can hear people cry ?
Yes, how many deaths will it take till he knows
That too many people have died ?
The answer my friend is blowin' in the wind
The answer is blowin' in the wind.