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ANALYSIS AND SAMPLE

CALCULATIONS / RESULTS
Calculation for Aluminum specimen
Value taken from first number of force applied on aluminum specimen:
Calculation of the stress:
= F / A
F=1.22kN and diameter,D=62mm
A=D/4
=(62) /4
=3019.07mm
=1.22x10^3/3019.07
=0.4041MPa

Calculation of the strain:


= (L u - L o )
Lo
(L u - L o )=0.1mm
L o=37.35mm
=(0.1)/37.35
=0.002677
Value taken from maximum number of force applied on aluminum specimen:
Calculation of the stress:
= F / A
F=8.73kN and diameter,D=62mm
A=D/4
=(62) /4
=3019.07mm
=8.73x10^3/3019.07
=2.8916MPa
Calculation of the strain:
= (L u - L o )
Lo
(L u - L o )= 2.2mm
L o=37.35mm
=(2.2)/37.35
=0.0589
Calculation for Brass specimen
Value taken from first number of force applied on Brass specimen:
Calculation of the stress:
= F / A
F=2.78kN and diameter,D=62mm
A=D/4
=(62) /4
=3019.07mm
=2.78x10^3/3019.07
=0.9208MPa

Calculation of the strain:


= (L u - L o )
Lo
(L u - L o )=0.1mm
L o=37.35mm
=(0.1)/37.35
=0.002677

Value taken from maximum number of force applied on brass specimen:


Calculation of the stress:
= F / A
F=14.48kN and diameter,D=62mm
A=D/4
=(62) /4
=3019.07mm
=14.48x10^3/3019.07
=4.796MPa
Calculation of the strain:
= (L u - L o )
Lo
(L u - L o )= 3.8mm
L o=37.35mm
=(3.8)/37.35
=0.1017

4 Tensile strength (UTS), based on the maximum value of stress:


For Aluminum : 2.8916 MPa
:R=F /A
= 2.8916 x 10^6/3019.07
= 0.9578kPa

For Brass : 4.796 MPa


:R =F /A
= 4.796x10^6/3019.07
= 1.5886kPa

Yield strength (offset 0.2%) :


This is the value of stress at the yield point, which is calculated by plotting
Youngs modules at a specified percent of offset (usually offset = 0.2%).
For Aluminum :4.1
For Brass:9.2
5. Comparison the Modulus of Elasticity (E) for the material with theoretical value:
Aluminum:
Based on Hooks Law : E = /
= 2.8916x10^6/0.0589
= 0.04909 GPa
Based on book: E = 71 GPa
Therefore;
Percentage error % = theoretical experimental x 100%
theoretical
= 71 0.04909 /71x 100%
= 99.93%
Brass:
Based on Hooks Law : E = /
= 4.796x10^6/0.1017
= 0.04716 GPa
Based on book: E = 102 GPa
Therefore;
Percentage error % = theoretical experimental x 100%
theoretical
= 102 0.04716 /102x 100%
=99.95 %