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15AES213 Aerospace Structures 1

Assignments 2
1. Consider a bar of cast iron (brittle) under complex loading. The bar is subjected to a
bending moment M and causes a bending stress of = 50 MPa and a twist moment T
and causes a shear stress of = 145 MPa. If the material of the bar fails at =
120MPa in a simple tension test and = 360 MPa in simple compression test, will
failure of the bar occur according to Rankine and Mohr - Coulomb criterions?

2. In a ductile material there are four points at which the states of stress are, respectively, as
follows:

Which point fails first and which point fails at last? What conclusion can you draw from
your analysis (From St. Venant to von Mises criterions)?

3. The stresses at a point of a two-dimensional structural member are found as follows:


= 100N/mm2; =70N/mm2; = 70N/mm2
The material of the member has a yield stress in simple tension of 225N/mm2. Determine
whether or not failure has occurred according to St. Venant (Maximum principal strain
theory) and Haigh (Maximum strain energy theory) criterions.

4. The stresses at a point of a two-dimensional structural member are found as follows:


= 140N/mm2; =70N/mm2; = 60N/mm2
The material of the member has a yield stress in simple tension of 225N/mm2. Determine
whether or not failure has occurred according to Tresca and von Mises criterions.

5. Consider a bar of cast iron under complex loading. The bar is subjected to a bending
moment of M = 39N m and a twist moment of T = 225N m. The diameter of the bar is D
= 20mm. If the material of the bar fails at = 128MPa in a simple tension test, will
failure of the bar occur according to the maximum principal stress criterion?
6. On the beam section shown in Figure below, there exists an axial force of 60 kN.
Determine the maximum shear force that can be applied to the section using the Tresca
and von Mises criterions. The material of the beam breaks down at a stress of 150N/mm2
in a simple tension test.

7. A cantilever of circular cross-section is made from steel, which when subjected to simple
tension suffers elastic breakdown at a stress of 150N/mm2. If the cantilever supports a
bending moment of 25 kN m and a torque of 50 kN m, determine the minimum diameter
of the cantilever using the von Mises and Tresca criterions.

8. In a tensile test on a metal specimen having a cross-section of 20mm10mm failure


occurred at a load of 70 kN. A thin plate made from the same material is subjected to
loads such that at a certain point in the plate the stresses are = 70N/mm2, =
60N/mm2. Determine from the von Mises and Tresca criterions the maximum allowable
tensile stress, , that can be applied at the same point.

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