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Case Guide:

I. CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS

i. a. Construction in Favor of Labor

- Lepanto Consolidated Mining Co. vs. Moreno Dumapis, et. al., GR No. 163210 (2008)

i. b. Protection to Labor
- Angelina Francisco v. NLRC, GR No. 170087 (2006)
- Estrellita G. Salazar v. Philippine Duplicators, Inc., GR No. 154628 (2006)
- Marival Trading Inc. v. NLRC, GR No. 169600 (2007)

II. ILLEGAL RECRUITMENT

ii. a. Elements of Illegal Recruitment


- People v. Melissa Chua, GR No. 187052 (2012)
- People v. Teresita Laogo, GR No. 176264 (2011)

ii. b. Simple Illegal Recruitment


- People v. Sadiosa

ii. c. Illegal Recruitment by a syndicate or committed in large scale


- People v. Nurfrashir Hashim, GR No. 194255 (2012)
- People v. Beth Temporada, GR. No. 173473 (2008)
- People v. Mariavic Espenilla, GR. No. 193667 (2012)
ii. d. Liabilities
- Santosa B. Datuman v. First Cosmopolitan Manpower and Promotion Services Inc., GR No.
156029 (2008)
- Becmen Service Exporter v. Sps. Simplicio and Mila Cuaresma, GR. Nos. 182978-79 (2009)
ii. e. Theory of Imputed Knowledge
- Sunance International Management Services, Inc. v. NLRC, GR. No. 161757 (2006)

III. LABOR STANDARDS

iii. a. Hours of Work


- Red Coconut Products, Ltd. v. CIR, GR. No. L-21348 (1966)
- Stolt Nielsen Marine Services (Phils.) Inc. v. NLRC, GR No. 109156 (1996)
- Pulp and Paper, Inc., v. NLRC, GR. No. 116593 (1997)
- Philippine Airlines v. NLRC, GR. No. 13805 (1999)
- Avelino Lambo v. NLRC, GR. No. 111042 (1999)
- Interphil Laboratories Employees Union v. Interphil Laboratories, GR. No. 142824 (2001)
- PCL Shipping Philippine Inc. and U-Ming Marine Transport Corporation v. NLRC, GR. No.
153031 (2006)
- Lazo Dacut et. al., v. CA GR. No. 169434 (2008)
- Bahia Shipping Services, Inc. v. Reynaldo Chua, GR No. 162195, (2008)
- Bisig Manggagawa sa Tryco, et. al., v. NLRC, GR. No. 151309 (2008)
- Abdul Juahid Pigcaulan v. Security and Credit Investigation, Inc. GR. No. 173648, (2011)
- Emirate Security and Maintenance Systems, Inc. v. Glenda Menese, GR. No. 182848 (2011)
- Wilgen Loon, et. al., v. Power Master, Inc., GR. No. 189404 (2013)
iii. b. Wages
- Rosario A. Gaa v. CA, GR. No. L-44169 (1985)
- Wellington Investment and Manufacturing Corp. v. Cresenciano Trajano GR. No. 114698 (1995)
- Norma Mabeza v. NLRC, GR. NO. 152843 (2006)
- International Broadcasting Corp. v. Reynaldo Benedicto, GR No. 152843 (2006)
- Angelina Francisco v. NLRC, GR. No. 170087 (2006)
- Lilia Labadan v. Forest Hills Academy, GR No. 172295 (2008)
- Central Azucarera De Tarlac v. Central Azucarera De Tarlac Labor Union-NLU, GR No. 188949
(2010)
- Clientologic Philippines Inc. v. Benedict Castro, GR. No. 186070 (2011)
- Ricardo Vergara v. Coca Cola Bottlers Philippines Inc., GR No. 176985 (2013)

iii. c. Wage Distortion


- Manila Mandarin Employees Union v. NLRC, GR. No. 108556 (1996)
- Metropolitan Bank and Trust Company Employees Union-ALU-TUCP v. NLRC (1993)
- Bankard Employees Union-Workers Alliance Trade Unions v. NLRC, GR. No. 140689 (2004)

iii. d. 13th Month Pay


- King of Kings Transport Inc. v. Santiago O Mamac,, GR No. 166208 (2007)
- Rogelio Reyes v. NLRC, GR. No. 160233 (2007)
- Central Azucarera De tarlac v. Central Azucarera De Tarlac Labor Union-NLU, GR. No. 188949
(2010)

iii. e. Separation Pay


- Grandspan Development Corporation v. Ricardo Bernardo, GR. No. (2005)
- Ha Yuan Restaurant v. NLRC and Jovy Soria GR No. 147719 (2006)
- Amkor Technology Philippines, Inc. v. Nory A. Juangco, GR No. 166507 (2006)
- Petron Corporation v. NLRC GR. No. 154532 (2006)
- San Miguel Corporation v. NLRC, GR. No. 147566 (2006)
- Alpha C. Jaculbe v. Suliman University, GR. No. 156934 (2007)
- Central Pangasinan Electric Cooperative Inc. v. NLRC, GR. No. 163561 (2007)
- Toyota Motor Phils Corp. Workers Association (TMPCWA) v. NLRC, GR. No. 158786-79, GR No.
158798-99 (2007)
- Bienvenido D. Goma v. Pamplona Plantation, Inc. GR. No. 160905 (2008)
- Central Philippines Bandag Retreaders Inc. v. Prudencio Diasnes, GR No. 163607, (2008)
- M+W Zander Philippines Inc. and Rolf Wiltschek v. Trinidad Enriquez, GR. No. 169173 (2009)
- Concepcion Faeldonia v. Tong Yak Groceries, Jayme Go and Merlita Go, GR. No. 182499 (2009)
- Philippine Hoteliers Inc., Dusit Hotel Nikko-Manila v. National Union of Workers in Hotel,
Restaurant, and Allied Industries Dusit Hotel Nikko Chapter, GR. NO. 181972 (2009)
- Agricultural and Industrial Supplies Corp. et. al., v. Jueber P. Siazar, GR. No. 177970 (2010)
- Daniel Javellana, Jr. v. Albino Belen, GR. No. 181913 (2010)
- Albino Belen v. Daniel Javellana Jr and Javellana Farms, Inc., GR. No. 182158 (2010)
- Golden Ace Builders v. Jose A. Talde, GR. No. 187200 (2010)

iii. f. Retirement Pay


- Rogelio Reyes v. NLRC, GR. No. 160233 (2007)
- Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company v. The Late Romeo F. Bolso, GR. No. 159701
(2007)
- Alberto Oxales v. United Laboratories, Inc., GR. No. 152991 (2008)
- BIbiano C. Elegir v. Philippine Airlines, Inc., GR. No. 181995 (2012)
- Banco Filipino Savings and Mortgage Bank v. Miguelito M. Lazaro; Miguelito M. Lazaro v. Banco
Filipino Savings and Mortgage Bank, et. al., GR. No. 185346 and GR. No. 185442 (2012)
IV. TERMINATION OF EMPLOYMENT

iv. a. Employer-Employee Relationship


- Legend Hotel v. Realuyo, GR. No. 153511 (2012)
- Sycip, Gorres, Velayo and Company v. Carol De Raedt, GR. No. 161366 (2009)
- LVN Pictures v. LVN Musicians Guild, GR. No. L-12582 (1961)
- Manila Water Company, Inc. v. Jose J. Dalumpines, GR. No. 175501 (2010)
- Television and Production Exponents, Inc. v. Roberto Servana, GR. No. 167648 (2008)
- Coca-Cola Bottlers, Inc. v. Dr. Dean N. Climaco, GR. No. 146881 (2007)
- Corazon Almirez v. Infinite Loop Technology, GR. No. 162401 (2006)
- Sevilla v. Court of Appeals, GR. No. 44182-3, (1988)
- Insular Life Assurance Co. Ltd Landmark Case, GR No. 84484, November 15, 1989
- Raquel P. Consulta Landmark Case, GR. No. 145443, March 18, 2005

iv. b. Kinds of Employment


a. Probationary
- International Catholic Migration Commission v. NLRC and Bernadette Galang, GR. No.
72222, (1989)
- Woodbridge School v. Pe Benito, GR. No. 160240 (2008)
- Mylene Carvajal v. Luzon Development Bank, GR. No. 186169 (2012)
- Lacuesta v. Ateneo De Manila University, GR. No. 152777 (2005)
- Philippine Daily Inquirer v. Magtibay, GR. No. 164532 (2007)

b. Regular
- Macarthur Malicdem and Hermenegildo Flores v. Marulas Industrial Corporation, GR. No.
204406 (2014)
- De Leon v. NLRC, GR. No. 70705 (1989)
- Universal Robina v. Catapang, GR. No. 164736 (2005)
- Jose Sonza v. ABSCBN Broadcasting Corporation, GR. No. 138051 (2004)
- ABSCBN v. Nazareno (2006); Farley Fulache v. ABSCBN (2010)

c. Project Employment
- Goma v. Pamplona Plantation, Inc., GR. No. 160905 (2008)
- Dacuital v. LM Camus Engineering Corporation, GR. No. 176748 (2010)
- Maraguinot, Jr. v. NLRC, 348 Phi 580 (1998)
- Hanjin Heavy Industries v. Ibanez, GR. No. 170181 (2008)
- Alcatel Phils. v. Relos, GR. No. 164315 (2009)
- Cocomangas Hotel Beach Resort v. Visca, GR. No. 167045 (2008)

d. Seasonal
- Hacienda Fatima v. National Federation of Sugarcane Workers-Food and General Trade,
GR. No. 149440 (2003)
- Mercado v. NLRC, GR. No. 79869 (1991)

e. Casual
- Aurora Land Projects Corp. v. NLRC, GR. No. 114733 (1997)
- KASAMMA-CCO v. Court of Appeals, GR. No. 159828 (2006)

f. Fixed- Term
- Brent School v. Zamora, GR. No. 48494 (1990)
- Caparoso v. Court of Appeals, GR. No. 155505 (2007)
- Manila Water Company, Inc. v. Pena, GR. No. 158255 (2004)

iv. c. Job Contracting


- Alpha Investigation and Security Agency, Inc. v. NLRC, GR. No. 111722 (1997)
- Philippine Airlines, Inc. v. NLRC, GR. No. 125792 (1998)
- Department Order No. 18-A Series of 2011
- Department Circular No. 01-12
- San Miguel Corporation v. MAERC Integrated Systems, GR. No. 144672 (2003)

iv. d. Dismissal From Employment

a. General Principles
- Duty Free Philippines Service, Inc. v. Tria, GR. No. 174809 (2012)

b. Just Causes
o Serious Misconduct
Villamor Golf Club v. Pehid, GR. No. 166152 (2005)
Supreme Steel Pipe Corp. v. Bardaje, GR. No. 170811 (2007)
Manila Pavilion Hotel v. Henry Delada, GR. No. 189947 (2012)
Punzal v. ETSU Technologies, GR. No.`170384-85 (2007)
Sim v. NLRC (2007) & Tirazona v. CA, GR. No. 169712 (2008)
Citibank v. NLRC, GR. No. 159302 (2008)
Bughaw Jr. v. Treasure Island, GR. No. 173151 (2008)
Chua-Qua v. Clave, GR. No. 49549 (1990)
PLDT v. NLRC and Abucay (1988)

o Gross Insubordination
Manila Pavilion Hotel v. Henry Delada (2012)
Lores Realty Enterprises, Inc. v. Virginia E. Pacia (2011)

o Gross and Habitual Neglect of Duties; Gross Negligence


NBS v. Court of Appeals, GR. No. 146741 (2002)
Quiambao v. Mnaila Electric Company, GR. No. 171023 (2009)
LBC Express v. Mateo, GR. No. 168215 (2009)

o Fraud or Willful Breach of Trust (Loss of Trust and Confidence)


Mabeza v. NLRC, GR. No. 118506 (1997)
De la Cruz v. NLRC, GR. No. 119536 (1997)
Gonzales v. NLRC, GR. No. 131653 (2001)
Sulpicio Lines Inc. v. Gulde, GR. No. 149930 (2002)
o Other Analogous Causes
Jardine Davies v. NLRC, GR. No. 106915 (1993)
Del Monte Philippines v. NLRC, GR. No. 126688 (1998)
Soriano v. Atienza, GR. No. 68619 (1989)

c. Authorized Causes
o Introduction of Labor Saving Device
Philippine Sheet Metal Workers Union v. CIR, GR. No. L-2028 (1949)

o Redundancy
DAP v. Court of Appeals, GR. No. 165811

Almodiel v. NLRC, GR. No. 100641 (1992)

o Retrenchment (d0wnsizing/delayering
Cajucom VII v. TPI Philippines Cement Corporation (2005)
Oriental Petroleum and Mineral Corp. v. Fuentes, GR. No. 151818 (2005)
Asian Alcohol Corp. v. NLRC, GR. No. 131108 (1999)

o Closure of Business
North Davao Mining Corp. v. NLRC, GR. No. 112546 (1996)
National Federation of Labor v. NLRC, GR. No. 127718 (2000)
Cheniver Deco Print Technics Corp v. NLRC, GR. No. 122876 (2000)
Asiaworld Publishing House Inc. v. Ople, GR. No. 56398 (1987)
Almoite v. Pacific Architects, GR. No. 73680 (1986)
Sundowner Development Corp v. Drilon, GR. No. 82341 (1989)
VIMCONTU v. NLRC, GR. Noi. 74841 (1991)
Filipinas Port Services, Inc. v. NLRC, GR. No. 97237 (1991)

o Disease
Manly Express v. Payong, GR. No. 167462 (2005)

o Other Authorized Causes


Total and permanent disability of employee
Valid application of union security clause
Expiration of period in term of employment
Completion of project in project employment
Failure in prohibition

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