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# Exercises:

1. Two chords which are equally distant from the center have
equal arcs.
Given: OG=OH
To prove: arc AB = arc CD
Statements Facts
1. OG=OH 1. Given
2. chord AB = chord CD 2. Chords equally distant from
the center are equal
3. arc AB = arc CD 3. Equal chords have equal
arcs.

2. Two chords with equal arcs are equally distant from the
center O.
Given: arc AB = arc CD
To prove: GO=OH

Statements Facts
1. arc AB = arc CD 1. Given
2. chord AB = chord CD 2. Equal arcs have equal
chords
3. OG=OH 3. Equal chords are equally
distant from the center.

## 3. The sides of an inscribed square are equally distant from

the center
Given: ABCD is a square
To prove: AB & BC, CD & DA are equally distant from
the center

Statements Facts
1. AB=BC=CD=DA 1. Given/Sides of a square are
=
2. e=f=g=b 2. Equal chords equally distant
from the center are equal

## 4. Two chords AB and CD make equal angles with the

diameter through B. Prove that chords are =.
Given: AB and BC are chords
L1=L2
BD is a diameter
To Prove: OG= OH

Statements Facts
1. OB=OB 1. Identity
2. L1=L2 2. Given
3. rt. ∆ BOG = rt. ∆ HOB 3. hy.l = hy.l
4. OG=OH 4. Corresponding parts…..

## 5. Perpendiculars from the center of a circle to the sides of an

inscribed equilateral ∆s are equal.
Given: ABC is an inscribed equilateral ∆
To Prove: e, f, and g perpendiculars from the center are
equal.

Statements Facts
1. AB=BC=CA 1. Sides of an equilateral ∆ are
equal
2. e=f=g=b 2. Chords of a circle are equal
if the perpendiculars drawn
to them from the center are
=.

## 6. In the figure, L1=L2, and O is the center.

Given:
To prove: AB=CD

Statements Facts
1. Draw ┴s to AP and DP from 1. From a point, one and only
O one can be drawn ┴ to a given
line
2. L1=L2 2. Given
3. OP=OP 3. Identical
4. rt. ∆ OYP = rt. ∆ POX 4. hy.a = hy.a
5. OY=OX 5. Corresponding parts…
6. AB=DC 6.

## 7. Conversely, if O is the center and AB=CD, then L1=L2

Statements Facts
1. Draw ┴s to AP and DP from 1. Equal chords are equally
O distant from the center of
the circle
2. OP=OP 2. Identical
3. rt. ∆ OYP = rt. ∆ POX 3. hy.l = hy.l
4. L1=L2 4. Corresponding parts…
8. If 2 chords intersect a diameter at D and makes equal
angles with it, the chords are equal
Given: chord AB & CD intersecting a diameter at D,
L1=L2
To prove: AB=CD
Statements Facts
1. Draw OX ┴ AB, OX ┴ CD 1. From a point, one and only
one can be drawn
perpendicular to a given line
2. OD=OD 2. Identical
3. L1=L2 3. Given
4. rt. ∆ OXP = rt. ∆ OYP 4. hy.a = hy.a
5. ox=oy 5. Corresponding parts…
6. chord AB=chord CD 6. Chords equally distant from
the center are equal

PROPOSITION 6
Theorem: a line perpendicular to a radius at its outer
extremity has only one point in common with the circle.
Given: PA ┴ OA, a radius of circle O
To prove: A is the only point common to PA and the circle.

Statements Facts
1. Draw radius OB 1. Between 2 points, one and
only one line can be drawn
2. OB=OA 2. Radii of the same circle are
equal
3. LA=LB 3.
4. 4.
5. 5.
6. 6.