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it, the chords are equal

Given: chord AB & CD intersecting a diameter at D, L1=L2

To prove: AB=CD

Statements Facts

1. Draw OX ┴ AB, OX ┴ CD 1. From a point, one and only one can

be drawn perpendicular to a given

line

2. OD=OD 2. Identical

3. L1=L2 3. Given

4. rt. ∆ OXP = rt. ∆ OYP 4. hy.a = hy.a

5. ox=oy 5. Corresponding parts…

6. chord AB=chord CD 6. Chords equally distant from the

center are equal

PROPOSITION 6

Theorem: a line perpendicular to a radius at its outer extremity

has only one point in common with the circle.

Given: PA ┴ OA, a radius of circle O

To prove: A is the only point common to PA and the circle.

Statements Facts

1. Draw radius OB 1. Between 2 points, one and only one

line can be drawn

2. OB=OA 2. Radii of the same circle are equal

3. LA=LB 3. Reductio ad Aburdum Theorem

4. PA┴OA (e.i LA=90o) 4. Given

5. LA=LA=900 5. Substitution

6. OB (as well as OA is ┴ to PA from O 6. A point is within, on or without a

circle according to its distance from

the center is less than, equal or

greater than its radius.

7. But OB and OA cannot be both ┴ to 7. Through a point, one and only one

PA can be drawn ┴ to a given line

tangency are ┴ to each other. (same figure as Proposition 6)

To Prove: OA ┴ PA

Statements Facts

1. point A is the only point common to a 1. Given

tangent and a circle

2. From any other point B on the 2. Two points determine a straight line

tangent, Draw BO

3. Since B is without the circle, OB is 3. Prin. 34

longer than a radius (OA)

4. OA is the shortest line from O to PA 4. The ┴ from a point to a line is the

... OA ┴ PA shortest line between the points and

a line.

PROPOSITION 7

Theorem: Tangents from a point to a circle are equal and make

equal angles with the line from the point to the center.

To Prove: t=t1 and L1=L2

Statements Facts

1. Draw S from pt. O and draw r to r1 to 1. Bet. 2 points one and only one line

the points of tangency can be drawn from a given line

2. r┴t and r1┴t1 2. A tangent and a radius drawn to a

point of tangency are ┴ to each

other.

3. r=r1 3. radii of the same circle are equal

4. s=s 4. Identity

5. rt. ∆ rst = rt. ∆ r1s1t1 5. hy.l=hy.l

6. t=t1 and L1=L2 6. Tool 3

EXERCISES:

1. Tangents to a circle at A, B, and C meet at R and S. Show that AR+

CS=RS

2.

Statements Facts

1. AR=RB 1. Tangents from a point to a

circle are equal

2. CS=BS 2. same as 1

3. AR+CS=BS 3. Axiom of Addition

the ┴ bisector of BC

Given: AB and AC are tangents to O whose center is O

To Prove: OA is the ┴ bisector of BC

Statements Facts

1. AB=AC 1. Tangents from a pt. to a circle are

equal

2. L1=L2 2. Tangents from a point to a circle are

equal and make equal angles with

the line from the point to the center.

3. AD=AD 3. Identity

4. ∆BDA = ∆DAC 4. sas=sas

5. L3=L4 and BD = BC 5. Tool 3

6. OA is the ┴ bisector of BC 6. Definition of ┴ bisectors

from the point of contact

Given: AB || CD, CD is a tangent, XE is a diameter drawn from the pt.

of contact

To prove: AY=YB

Statements Facts

1. XE ┴ CD 1. A diameter drawn from the point of

contact is ┴ to the tangent

2. AB || CD 2. Given

3. XE ┴ AB 3. A line ┴ to one of the || lines is ┴ to

the other

4. AY=YB 4. A diameter ┴ to a chord bisects the

chord

limited by the outer circle are =.

Given: 2 concentric circles

To Prove: AB and CD are tangents to the inner circle are equal

Statements Facts

1. Draw OX and OY 1. B/w 2 points, one line can be drawn.

2. OX┴ AB, OY┴ CD 2. A radius drawn to the point of

contact is ┴ to the tangent

3. AB=CD 3. Chords equally distant from the

center of a circle are equal

of contact equals the tangent;

Given: LB=600

To prove: AC=AB=BC

Statements Facts

1. AB=BC 1. Tangents from a point to a circle are

equal

2. LA=LC 2. Angles opposite equal sides in the

same ∆ are equal

3. LA + LB + LC = 180 3. The sum of the angles of a ∆ equals

180

4. LB = 60 4. Given

5. LA+LC = 120 5. Axiom of Subtraction

6. LA=LC=60 6. Axiom of Division

7. AB=AC=BC 7. An equiangular ∆ is equilateral

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