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P.O Box 179, Mae Sod, Tak, 63110, Thailand. Phone: +66 85-733 4303.
E-mail: ndddrd07@csloxinfo.com; ndddrd07@gmail.com

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July 25– July 31, 2010

STATE PEACE AND DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL (SPDC) AND ITS STOOGE ORGANIZATIONS

-Out of the 45 political parties to contest in the elections, the Union Solidarity and Development Party
(USDP) is the only party financially secured. USDP uses that advantage in organizing and persuading
people by using many unscrupulous ways such as loaning money, threatening, and putting people under
pressure to join and vote for it. (DVB 240710)

-According to residents from Dawpon Township, USDP offered to fix and pave streets in Dawpon
Township in order to attain new party members and early votes. In return, USDP demands residents to
join and vote with at least 15 early votes per street. (Mizzima 260710)

-Shop owners from Mingala Market in Mingalataungnyunt Township, Rangoon, which was on fire on 24
May, state that USDP offers to loan money to shop owners, and in return they need to become USDP
party members. (NEJ 260720)

-According to a person close to Rangoon Division USDP, USDP headquarters orders Rangoon Divisional
Office to recruit at least 50% of the eligible voters in the division as party members, and USDP officials
from wards require recruiting of at least 100 new members per week as well. (DVB 260710)

-Dimawhso residents state that U Thein Aung, Minister of Forestry, meets residents at the office of the
Village Peace and Development Council in a village group in Dimawhso Township and urges residents to
vote for the USDP. (Kantarawaddy Times 270710)

-Pu Swe Lain, a resident from Kalay, states that while campaigning in Kalay Township, Sagaing Division,
since the beginning of July, the National Unity Party (NUP) and USDP severely criticize and denounce
each other. (Khonumthung 270710)

-According to a person close to USDP, the USDP, led by Prime Minister U Thein Sein, will open new
offices in Muse and Namhkam townships in northern Shan State at the beginning of August. Even

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though there are no USDP offices in those townships, USDA launches election campaigns on behalf of
USDP. (S.H.A.N 270710)

-The restrictions on referencing constitutional and election laws on weekly journals, by the Censorship
and Scrutiny Board under the Ministry of Information, becomes a hindrance to journalists since they do
not dare to write any criticism about constitution and election laws due to strict restrictions.

-An artist, from Lamine Sub-Township in Mon State, states that since USDP has been persuading people
by offering many different benefits, people from Lamine Sub-Township are becoming more and more
interested in USDP. (IMNA 280710)

-In the USDP’s policy guidance paper titled “Urgent Procedures to Win 2010 Elections,” USDP dedicates
its election objectives as, “winning the elections is the first, winning the elections is the second and
winning the elections is the third.” (Irrawaddy 290710)

-Rumors about an interim government, coming from military sources, state that current ministers,
including the Prime Minister U Thein Sein, will resign from current posts and an interim government led
by Lt. Gen. Myint Swe will be established. (Irrawaddy 290710)

-A USDP state level official states that USDP is organizing in rural areas as its first step in Mon State, and
then the USDP Mon State will organize in urban areas so it moves its campaigns to townships as its
second step. (Mizzima 290710)

-According to the USDP’s policy guidance paper, “Urgent Procedures to Win 2010 Elections,” USDP
analyzes and accuses that the NLD won in the 1990 elections due to the bias of ballot station officials,
but this time USDP has confidence that it will win clearly in the elections. (Mizzima 290710)

-Someone close to a person in Paungde, Pegu Division, who was persuaded by USDP, states that USDP
headquarters grants millions of kyat to township offices in the western part of Pegu Division;
meanwhile, those township offices offer 500,000 kyat to anyone who joins USDP and recruits more
members. (BBC 290710)

-USDP organizers from Rangoon Division state that USDP recruits new members for early votes from
family members, who are over 18, from government employees because the USDP cannot recruit
government employees as party members. (NEJ 300710)

-An education employee from Chaungzone Township, Mon State, states that USDP organizes people in
rural areas of Mon State by providing CDMA 450 MHz phones with affordable prices so many people join
the USDP as party members. (NEJ 300710)

-A USDP organizer from Rangoon Division states that current ministers, who are retired generals, will
contest in the elections in some townships, including townships in Rangoon Division representing USDP,
and that the constituencies for them are already set. (Irrawaddy 300710)

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-In the party policy of the USDP, USDP states it’s most important “National Policy” is promising it will
seriously hold legal binding that, “Any part of the union may never separate from the union,” and urging
that the existence of USDP is according to the “historical need,” and that the whole party constitution
reflects the 2008 constitution. (Irrawaddy 300710)

-A resident, from Shan State, states that during his visit to Shan State on 10 July, U Thein Sein, the
current Prime Minister and leader of USDP and former general, said, “If you vote, don’t forget to vote
for “Sansi,” meaning Lion in Shan language (the USDP symbol is a lion). (Irrawaddy 300710)

-While All Mon Region Democratic Party (AMRDP) launches campaigns in Mon State, USDP also
canvasses in Mon State rivaling AMRDP for the elections. (IMNA 300710)

-U Khin Maung Swe, a leader of NDF, states that a delegation led by U Thein Soe, the Chairperson of the
Union Election Commission, met U Sein Hla Oo, U Tin Aung Aung and U Tha Sai, and leaders of National
Democratic Force (NDF), who were imprisoned in 1990, regarding the establishment of a Parallel
Government, demanding them to submit an appeal for past acts of treason before they will be allowed
to run in this year's election stating, “NDF is willing to cooperate with the government for national
reconciliation.” (BBC 300710)

-According to a person close to the owner of Yan Shin Restaurant, in Pyigyimyetshin Ward,
Mahaaungmyay Township, Mandalay, when employees over 18 years of age went to the Ward Peace
and Development Council office to register in overnight guest list, authorities replied that they would
only be allowed to stay at the restaurant if they join USDP. (RFA 310710)

-According to an official from Naypyitaw, Ministers of the Ministry of Forestry, Mining, Livestock and
Fishery, Plenary and Trade, Heavy Industry (1) and Tele-Communication, who are also leaders of USDP,
established a company for party funds.

OPPOSITION FORCES

A. FORCES INSIDE BURMA

-U Win Tin, a member of NLD Central Executive Committee, states that the 2008 constitution is harmful
for the future of Burma, so to avoid that harm, people should boycott the elections. (RFA 250710)

-Ko Aye Bo, the Spokesperson of NLD (Youth) in Rangoon Division, states that after 4 months of no
activity, NLD Youth Reading Conference session resumes on 25 July at the residence of Daw May Hnin
Kyi, NLD elected representative from Mogkok constituency. (DVB 250710)

-Lawyer U Nyan Win, who met with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi on 28 July regarding the case she has been
facing, states that Daw Aung San Suu Kyi says, “the military regime does not announce the date of the
elections, and it is unfair for political parties to contest in the elections.” (VOA 280710)

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-U Nyunt Lwin, U Soe Win and U Nyan Win, members of NLD Central Executive Committee, met NLD
organizers from townships in the eastern part of Pegu Division on 30 July and discussed future activities
of the NLD.

B. ARMED ETHNIC GROUPS

-Saw David Thakapaw, the Vice-Chairperson of Karen National Union, says, “If clashes occur between
the military troops and the 5th Brigade of Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DKBA), DKBA is welcome to
take refuge in KNU controlled area, and that KNU is also ready to fight for DKBA.” (VOA 260710)

-Saw David Thakapaw, the Vice-Chairperson of Karen National Union, says, “As the 2010 elections are
closer, the military troops launch operations targeting innocent people in KNU controlled areas and in
Karen State.” (KIC 290710)

C. FORCES OUTSIDE BURMA

-Over 300 Burmese democratic activists in India launch protests on 26 July targeting Senior Gen. Than
Shwe during his India visit calling and holding posters such as “Senior Gen. Than Shwe, get out of India,
you are not welcome,” “We don’t welcome Senior Gen. Than Shwe, who commits crimes against
humanity and war crimes,” “Support to bring him before International Criminal Court,” and, “Senior
Gen. Than Shwe, go to hell.” (Mizzima 260710)

-Dr. Tint Swe, the Information Minister of National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma
(NCGUB), states on 26 July, “India, being the largest democratic country, should put its pressure more
on the Burmese military regime regarding democracy in Burma, as ASEAN countries have become clearly
focused on the military regime’s elections.” (VOA 260710)

-Burmese democratic forces in India and Indian students protest against Senior Gen. Than Shwe during
his visit in India with sitting protest on Parliament Avenue the whole day, on 27 July. (RFA 270710)

-On 31 July in Washington D.C, the National Council of Union of Burma (NCUB) held a seminar tittled
“The Weaknesses of the Burmese Military Regime,” regarding Burma’s 2010 elections. (RFA 310710)

CEASE-FIRE GROUPS

A. ORGANIZATIONS WHICH HAVE NOT BEEN TRANSFORMED AS BORDER GUARD FORCE

-A top commander from the 5th Brigade of DKBA states that the 5th Brigade, led by Col. Saw La Pwe
(aka) Bo Moustache, which rejects to transform as a border guard force, is ready to face the military
troops after the deploying and mobilizing of its troops. (KIC 250710)

-Mon National Council released a statement renouncing the decision of All Mon Region Democratic
Party (AMRDP) to contest in the elections, in order to politically fight for Mon people in the parliament,
makes Mon people confused and the party will be used by the military government to prove that it is

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the legitimate government elected from the free and fair elections in which ethnic political parties
participate. (RFA 260710)

-Recently, the Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DKBA) agreed to transform as a border guard force
while meeting with the military regime’s authorities at the headquarters of the 999th Brigade of DKBA in
Hlinebwe Township. (Irrawaddy 280710)

-A top Wa official states that the United Wa State Army (UWSA) does not allow any Wa political party to
canvass for elections in the Wa region, and it does not care about the recognition by the military regime
for UWSA, and that the United Wa State Party already strongly represents the Wa people. (RFA 280710)

B. ORGANIZATIONS WHICH HAVE NOT BEEN TRANSFORMED AS BORDER GUARD FORCE

-A Loikaw resident close to Karenni Nationalities People’s Liberation Front (KNPLF) states that even
though KNPLF, which has agreed ceasefire with the military regime, plans to contest in the 2010
elections representing Karenni people, it decides to not establish any political party. (KT 290710)

-A youth member from KNPLF states that after the elections, the KNPLF youth wish to negotiate with the
new government elected from the elections about the future of KNPLF. (KT 300710)

PARTIES THAT WERE PERMITTED TO STAND AS POLITICAL PARTIES

-U Phyo Min Thein, the Chairperson of Union Democracy Party (UDP), and leaders from other political
parties state that, “Regarding the news stating the military government to announce the date of the
elections, the Union Election Commission might announce for political parties to submit required list of
representatives to contest in the elections. (DVB 260710)

-North Okkapala Municipality Court, on 27 July, sues U Aung Min Thu, member of Central Committee of
Union of Myanmar Federation of National Politics (UMFNP); three members of UMFNP; U Khin Maung
Win, member of Central Committee of 88 Generation Student Youths (Union of Myanmar); and three
members of the party, regarding the case of the two political parties collecting donations from Yadana
Theingy Market in North Okkalapa Township in Rangoon Division, on 1 July. (Mizzima 270710)

-Mai Ohn Khine, the General Secretary of Palaung National Party (PNP), states that PNP, led by Mai Ai
Mont, which had to surrender to the military regime in 2005 due to the pressure, will contest in the
elections throughout the whole country. (S.H.A.N 270710)

-U Kaung Myat Htut, the Chairperson of Myanmar Democracy Congress (MDC), states that as active
political campaigns, MDC launches canvasses to target youth from 20 to 25 years of age. (Myanmar
Time 270710)

-U Phyo Min Thein, the Chairperson of Union Democracy Party (UDP), states that the UDP will publish
“The Union” political bulletin starting from 27 July in order to be close to the people, and to let people
know about party activities and policies and for party funding. (NEJ 280710)

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-A member of New Era People’s Party states that even though political parties contest in the elections
have fund-raised in accordance with the election laws, parties face difficulties to continue political
activities for it did not go well. (Irrawaddy 280710)

-A local Shan leader states that personnel from Light Infantry Battalions (LIB) 381 and 382 based in
Namti region in Mogaung Township, Kachin State, investigated the background information of the
members of Shan Nationalities Democracy Party canvassing in Kachin State. (NMG 280710)

-Pu Zozam, the Chairperson of the Chin National Party (CNP), and Kyae O Beaktau, the General Secretary
of CNP, which is to contest in the 2010 elections representing Chin nationalities, led CNP canvassing in
Mindat, Matupi, and Kanpetlet in southern Chin State. (Khonumthung 280710)

-A member of SNDP, who is on a canvassing trip, states that in southern Shan State, local people are
afraid of authorities so they do not dare to join SNDP, known as the White Tiger party as party
members; meanwhile, the SNDP faces difficulties to establish township committees and open new
offices. (S.H.A.N 290710)

-Kachin Cultural Central Committee renounces the submission of the Unity and Development Party of
Kachin State, which is the only Kachin party permitted to contest in the elections, to the Election
Commission to use the Kachin symbol as the party symbol. (KNG 290710)

-Sai Ai Pao, the Chairperson of SNDP, which is campaigning in Kachin State in order to establish township
committees, responded to the criticism of USDP, stating that SNDP, known as White Tiger party as “the
party with the backing of illegal armed group” is not true. (S.H.A.N 300710)

-U Phyo Min Thein, the Chairperson of UDP, states that even though the elections are closer, political
parties contesting in the elections are still not in touch with both inside and outside media. (DVB
300710)

-According to a person close to Wa troops, even though Wa Democratic Party (WDP), led by U Khun Tun
Lu, and Wa National Unity Party (WNUP), led by U Saw Philip, represent Wa people, there will be no
constituencies and no canvassing for political parties in Mongmaw, Panwai, Naphan and Panghsang
townships, which are to be included in Wa Autonomous Region in accordance with the 2008
constitution. (NEJ 300710)

-Dr. Aye Kyaw, the Chairperson of Rakhine Nationals Progressive Party (RNPP), states that since 1 June,
when the party was granted permission to contest in the elections, RNPP has been recruiting new
members and distributing pamphlets to introduce the party to people under the permission to publish
political issues. NaTha 013/2010 and a party bulletin, with political knowledge, regional and historical
facts, will be released soon. (Myanmar Times, Vol. 24, No. 477)

-Political parties granted permission to contest in the upcoming 2010 elections visit Naypyitaw and
submit required party member lists to the Union Election Commission. (Myanmar Times, Vol. 24, No.
477)

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PARTIES THAT HAVE REGISTERED TO STAND AS POLITICAL PARTIES

-A member of Central Executive Committee of Kachin State Progressive Party (KSPP) states that even
though the Election Commission has not granted permission for KSPP to contest in the elections, KSPP
has been canvassing in Myitkyina, Tanai and Bamaw townships since 27 July. (KNG 280710)

-“All Nationalities Unity and Development Party (Kayah State)” was established to contest in the
elections to represent the whole Karenni State, and registered to the Union Election Commission on 27
July. (KT 300710)

SOCIETY AND COMMUNITY BASED ORGANIZATIONS

-Speaking on the condition of anonymity, a student from Government Technological Institute (GTI) in
Magwe states that 6 students from Magwe GTI was expelled because they changed the name of the
school on the school signboard to a different meaning. (DVB 250710)

-25 pensioners and government employees launch a religious activity, which will last until the end of the
3-month long lent, at Shwedagon Pagoda on 26 July dedicated to the release of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi
and to the beginning of dialogues. (DVB 260710)

OTHER FORCES

-Nationalist U Win Naing, a nationalit politician, states that even though he sent a request letter a
month ago to Senior Gen. Than Shwe to allow the establishment of Election Watching and Educating
group in order to have free and fair elections, although there have been no replies for the permission.
(DVB 290710)

INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY ACTIVITIES

A. THE UNITED NATIONS AND INTERGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

-Businessmen at the Sino-Burma border state that there are no new investments waiting to see the
political situation during and after the 2010 elections, and hope to have more business opportunities
than now at the reign of the new government. (S.H.A.N 260710)

-Non-violent nationalists inside Burma sent a request letter to Senior Gen. Than Shwe, on 27 July,
requesting Senior Gen. Than Shwe to begin dialogues to solve the current political standoff. (RFA
270710)

-Than Win Hline, a well known writer who fled to the Thai-Burma border at the beginning of July, says,
“People should be really careful about the 2010 elections in Burma for that is designed to trick people.”
(NEJ 290710)

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-U Aung Kyaw Zaw, military and political analysist from Sino-Burma border, states that the new
government emerging from this year’s elections will not be able to represent people from armed ethnic
areas. (S.H.A.N 300710)

B. GOVERNMENTS

-Daily News newspaper, published in Thailand, states that Tawin Soom-Plang, the Secretary of Royal
National Security Council of Thailand, confirms that it has already discussed with the military
government of Burma regarding to deportation of over 140,000 Burmese refugees, taking refuge in
Thailand, when the political situation is better after the 2010 elections.

-The Burma Freedom and Democracy Act was ratified in the US Senate, on 22 July, and the President of
the United States, Mr. Barack Obama signed in approval, on 27 July, showing that the US does not
recognize sham elections in Burma and its intentions for political changes.

-The US government reiterates that the US is concerned and carefully watches the underground
relationship between the Burmese military regime and North Korea regarding the North Korean Foreign
Minister Park Ui-Chun’s four-day visit in Burma. (VOA 290710)

-Mr. Phillip J. Crowley, the Spokesperson of the US Department of State, states that during the Burmese
Military Regime leader’s visit to India, US hopes India warns Senior Gen. Than Shwe about human rights
violations in Burma. (RFA 290710)

-A bipartisan group of 32 US Senators, including Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.) and Judd Gregg (R-N.H.), sent
a letter to Hilary Clinton, Secretary of State, urging her to support the establishment of a UN
Commission of Inquiry to investigate crimes against humanity and human rights violations the military
regime of Burma perpetrates. (VOA 300710)

C. NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

-Human Rights Watch (HRW) based in New York released a statement on 26 July urging Indian
government to demand Senior Gen. Than Shwe, during his India visit, for the release of over 2100
political prisoners including Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and to create free and fair elections. (RFA 260710)

End of report/ Saturday, July 31, 2010

Distributed by Network for Democracy and Development; Documentation and Research Department (NDD)

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