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0 Introduction
1.1 Meaning of Open Source Software
Open source software is defined as computer software for which
the source code and certain other rights normally reserved for copyright holders
provided under a software license that meets the Open Source Definition or that
is in
the public domain. This permits users to use, change, and improve the software,
to redistribute it in modified or unmodified forms.
1.2 Meaning of Hardware
A computer's hardware consists of the physical components necessary to
operate and interact with a computer. Since a computer's primary language is bin
devices are necessary to convert our input into that language. The binary code c
out of the computer must also be translated into something usable for the operat
1.3 Meaning of Software
Software is often divided into two categories:
1. System software : Includes the operating system and all the utilities th
at enables the computer to function.
2. Application software : Includes programs that do real work for users.
For example, word processors, spreadsheets, and database management
systems fall under the category of applications software.
2.0 The Latest Open Source Operating System
2.1 Meaning of Latest Open Source Operating System
The Latest Open Source operating system is the newest program that runs on
a computer that is free to use, change, and improve the software, and to redistr
ibute it
in modified or unmodified forms. Every general purpose computer must have an
operating system to run other programs. Operating systems perform basic tasks, s
as recognizing input from the keyboard, sending output to the display screen, ke
track of files and directories on the disk, and controlling peripheral devices s
as disk drives and printers.
2.2 Examples The Latest Open Source Operating System
Kubuntu Linux Version 10.04
A user friendly operating system based on KDE, the K Desktop Environment. With a
predictable 6 month release cycle and part of the Ubuntu project, Kubuntu is th
e GNU/Linux distribution for everyone. Improved desktop, updated applications an
d increased usability features are just a few of the surprises with this latest
release.Date released on 29 april 2010
Fedora Linux version 2.4.19
A Linux-based operating system that showcases the latest in free and open
source software. Fedora is always free for anyone to use, modify, and distribute
. It is
built by people across the globe who work together as a community: the Fedora
Project. The Fedora Project is open and anyone is welcomed to join.Date released
on 9 April 2010
3.0 The Latest Open Source Application Software
3.1 Meaning The Latest Open Source Application Software
The latest Open Source Application Software is an end user programs includes
database programs, word processors, and spreadsheets.
3.2 Examples The Latest Open Source Application Software
Open Office Version 3.2.1
An office application set (for word processing, spreadsheet manipulation,
picture drawing and data base access) compatible with all other major office
application sets such as Office and available for Windows and Mac as well as Lin
and other UNIX systems. Date published on 19 February 2009.
Squirrel Mail Version 1.4.20
An email application (for reading and writing email through a web client
program) supporting IMAP and SMTP and available for Windows and Mac as well as
Linux and other UNIX systems. Date published on 20 October 2009.
4.0 The Latest Development in ICT
4.1 Hardware The Latest Development in ICT
Nokia N97
Nokia N95
117.2 x 55.3 x 15.9 mm, 88 cc size 99mm x 53mm x 19mm
(4.0" x 2.0" x 0.7")
TFT resistive touchscreen, 16M colors display 2.6" 16M color TFT, 240x320 reso
5 MP, 2592x1944 pixels, Carl Zeiss optics, autofocus, LED flash, video light
Camera Yes, 5 megapixel w/ Carl Zeiss optics
2009, June Release date 2007,January
4.2 Software The Latest Development in ICT
Window Vista
Window 7
24/06/2008 Release date 22/10/2009
Can performed window media player 11,window flip and flip 3D Features
support for Virtual hard disks, improved performance on Multi-core processors
Window speech recognition ,The new Window Defender Capabilities Multito
uch programming models , raw touch messages
The common The latest and The common The latest
5.0 Pervasive Computing
5.1 Meaning Pervasive Computing
The idea that technology is moving beyond the personal computer to everyday
devices with embedded technology and connectivity as computing devices become
progressively smaller and more powerful. Also called ubiquitous computing,
pervasive computing is the result of computer technology advancing at exponentia
speeds a trend toward all man-made and some natural products having hardware and
software. Pervasive computing goes beyond the realm of personal computers.
5.2 Examples Pervasive Computing
A smartphone is a mobile phone offering advanced capabilities, often with PC-
like functionality. There is no industry standard definition of a smartphone. Fo
r some,
a smartphone is a phone that runs complete operating system software providing a
standardized interface and platform for application developers. For others, a
smartphone is simply a phone with advanced features like e-mail, Internet and e-
reader capabilities, and or a built-in full keyboard or external USB keyboard an
VGA connector. In other words, it is a miniature computer that has phone capabil

Personal Digital Assistant (PDA)

A personal digital assistant (PDA) is a handheld computer, also known as a palmt
computer. Newer PDAs also have both colour screens and audio capabilities, enabl
them to be used as mobile phones, web browsers, or portable media players. Many
PDAs can access the Internet via Wi-Fi, or Wireless Wide Area Networks (WWANs).
Many PDAs employ touch screen technology.