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1. Chemical Industry in India is fragmented and dispersed - multi product and multi faceted. 2. In terms of volume, it is 12th largest in the world and 3rd largest in Asia. 3. Currently, per capita consumption of products of chemical industry in India is about 1/10th of the world average. 4. Its size is estimated at around US$ 35 billion approx., which is equivalent to about 3% of India's GDP. . Indian chemical industry is expected to grow to US$100 billion by 2015. 5. The Indian Chemical sector accounts for 13-14% of total exports and 8-9% of total imports of the country. 6. The compound annual growth rate of (CAGR) of the 'Basic chemicals and Chemical products' was higher at 10.32% against 9.42% in manufacturing sector and 8.70% in the overall industrial production.
(most of the stats belong to year 2008, need revision for the current year)
Chemical Products Commodity Chemicals Inorganic Chemicals Organic Chemicals Fine and Specialty Chemicals Agrochemicals Pesticides Fertilizers Paints, Dyes & pigments Plastic & Petrochemicals Drugs & Pharmaceuticals
1 Production : ('000 MT) 380. Chlorine.0 255. need to be revised for current year) Products Soda ash Caustic Soda Liquid Chlorine Carbon Black Calcium carbide Titanium dioxide Aluminium fluoride Potassium chloride Sodium chlorate Red phosporous Installed Capacity 1865 1964.6 56. Sulphuric Acid etc.0 161. ( year 2000 figures.5 42. glass.7 Production ('000 MT) 1560 1350 740 240 80 27 17.3 4.6 66.0 203. alkalies etc.1 1.0 40.0 32.8 33.1 13.5 1031.5 1 1 Organic Chemicals • • • Covers a wide range of chemicals Units concentrated mostly in the Western India 1 Billion Dollar industry ( year 2000 figures. Competition from imports are on the rise.6 5.5 Billion industry.2 150 47 30.6 63.1 286. US$ 2.Inorganic Chemicals • • • • Covers basic products like Caustic. fertiliser. need to be revised for current year) Chemicals Installed Capacity ('000 tonnes) 386.0 62. soap.5 5.4 190.2 52.2 Methanol Formaldehyde Acetic acid Phenol Acetone Acetic anhydride Nitrobenzene Chloromethane . Inorganic chemicals mostly used in detergents.
Foseco. binders.9 11.3 2. cleaners & strippers. bases.0 5.7 13. mastics Moisturisers. need to be revised for current year) Category Adhesives Construction Chemicals Cosmetic Additives Diagnostic Aids Elastomers Electronic Chemicals Speciality Chemicals Thickeners.Textile. dopants. plating chemicals.3 1. Leather. chemicals for other diagnostics (as NMR) SBR. proteins Dyes for angiogram.1 24. o MNC: Ciba. Silicones. Hoechst. Nalco Chemicals. food processing industries Speciality esters. food dyes Enzymes (Indl) Flavours & Fragrances Food Additives .0 23. sp gases Bates for leather. ( year 1998-1999 figures. etchnats. photoresists.2 7. UV absorbers.Aniline Maleic anhydride Pentaerithitol PNCB MEK Citric acid ONCB Isobutyl alcohol 28.4 15. EVA Electronic substrates. o And many small Indian companies Market around US$ 80 million p. packaging materials. oil and gas etc. high price/margin chemicals Fragmented with large number of players Major end user segments . paper. Major Players o India: ION Exchange. Clariant. etc. enzymes for pharmaceuticals. concentrates Antioxidants.2 11. polyester. rubber. emulsifiers. ICI etc. paints.0 6.3 Fine and Speciality Chemicals • • • • • Low volume.0 5. Puf. concrete setting accelerators / retarders. stabilisers Sealants.3 5. flame retardants. Flavours. Dai Ichi Karkaria. detergent.3 5.5 12. Balmer Lawrie.a. tackifiers. masking agents.
dye fixing agents. thixotropic. dispersants. dispersants. vulcanisation accelerators / retarders. EP additives. creping agents. viscosity modifiers & antifoamers Cyanates. demulsifiers. leveling agents. toner. corrosion. thickeners.Fuel Additives (Functional) Dyes Foundry Chemicals Indl Cleaning Agents Lube Additives Metal Plating & Finishing Chemicals Mining Chemicals Oilfield chemical Paint Additives Paper Additives Photographic Chemicals Polymer Additives Rubber Chemicals Surfactants Catalysts. dispersants. flame retardants. flocculants. dispersants. fluid loss control agents. anticreasing agents. electrolytic / electroless Cu plating chems Flocculants. dispersants. defoamers. antifoaming agents. solvents. modifiers. inhibitors. sizing agents. plasticisers. pH stabilisers. antiflotation agents. stabilisers. wet web strength additives. defoamers. biocides. modifiers. flow control agents Retention Aids. electrolytic Au/Ag plating. mud additives. thickeners. mould release agents Solvents based on Spl. EOR chemicals Wetting agents. antioxidants. defoamers. stabilisers. functional additives Dyes for reprographics & dyes for electronic chemicals Binders. formation aids. defoamers. pour point depressants. thickeners Pour point depressants. photoresists Speciality plasticisers. acid release agents. cement additives. antifoamers. detergency aids Sizing agents. corrosion inhibitors. corrosion inhibitors. emulsifiers. antiwear & EP additives. resins. binders Fixing agents. Wetting agents. drainage aids. antisettling. antistatic agents Antioxidants. biocides Textile Auxiliaries Water Management Chem . antizonants. emulsifiers. UV stabilisers. dry strength additives. biocides. Esters & alcohols Antioxidants. inhibitors Anionic & nonionic surfactants mainly used in India. detergents. dispersants. dispersants. biocides Flocculants.
60 nos. Bayer etc Significant exports Average Indian consumption is very low (1/20th of world average) Market size 100. Rallis and Excel o MNC: Hoechst Agrevo.3 0. 60 technical grade pesticides being manufactured indigenously by 125 producers consisting of large and medium scale enterprises (including about 10 multinational companies) and more than 500 pesticide formulators spread over the country.9 1. need to be revised for current year) Product Installed Capacity 81.7 0. Technical grade pesticides have been growing at the rate of 10% in the last few years.9 10.000 MT (in terms of technical grade) o US$ 800 million o Growth 10% pa ( year 1998-99 figures. are the major consumers of pesticides (above 60%) Two types of producers: o Technical . tobacco etc.0 1.50% market share o 2000 unorganised players .8 10. o Formulators . Novartis.7 6.above 500 nos.Agrochemicals • • Cash crops like sugarcane.7 4.5 1.9 • • • Insecticides Fungicides Herbicides Weedicides Rodenticides Fumigants Total Paints and Dyes • Market highly fragmented o 25 large and medium players .0 8.6 110.50% market share .8 80. • Major players o India: United Phosphorus.2 Production ( in ‘000 MT) 66.
• • • Have forward and backward linkages with a variety of sectors like textiles. Hindustan Inks. ICI. Mardia etc. mostly due to ban of production of some of the dyes and intermediates in the developed countries due to pollution Major Players: o Paints . Need to confirm if this has to be taken up as a part of this study. The textile industry accounts for the largest consumption of dyestuffs India is a major exporter of dyes.Coates. vat and direct dyes. Sakata Total Market .Color Chem (Hoechst). Clariant. Cap. will require separate analysis. as on March 2007 2 7072334 748615 1889448 145391 52591 2001-02 3 4342305 374132 1166575 81803 24789 2002-03 4 4792345 403827 1352653 69565 26196 Production ( in MT) 2003-04 5 5070374 440608 1473855 85118 25940 2004-05 6 5271675 508157 1505895 93966 28498 2005-06 7 5474614 543965 1545262 82240 29541 2006-07 8 5268987 602309 1545442 84701 32552 1 I: ALKALI II: INORGANIC III: ORGANIC IV: PESTICIDES V DYES TOTAL MAJOR CHEMICALS . Per capita consumption very low (400 gms) as compared to developed countries like USA (15 kgs) India has emerged as a global supplier of dyestuffs and dye intermediates. paper. acid. leather. Atul. Courtalds. will require separate analysis. printing inks and foodstuffs. particularly for reactives. Jenson & Nicholson o Dyes & Intermediates .Asian Paints. Need to confirm if this has to be taken up as a part of this study.US$ 1 Billion(Year 2000 figures) Growth Rate 12% p. Goodlass Nerolac. Production Comparison between Product segments Main Groups Inst.a. India accounts for 7% of the world production ( Year 2008 figure) • • • • Petrochemicals & Plastic A big sector in itself. IDI. o Inks . plastics. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals A big sector in itself.
icispricing.htm .com/il_shared/il_splash/chemicals. Atul Colour-Chem Gharda Hindustan Organic Praj Industries Mahindra Ashtech Acme Synthetic Aimco Pesticides Canton Galaxy Surfactants Indo German Carbons BASF India Essel Propack GHCL Jubilant Organosys Schenectady 3A Chemie Jyoti Chemical Ajanta Chemical Chembond Gulshan Polyols Ingenero Chemplast Sanmar Finolex Gujarat Alkalies Navin Fluorine Tata Chemicals ABR Organics Advaitya Dye Chem Dujodwala Resins & Terpenes Jainco Inks & Chemicals Ciba Speciality Chemicals Flex Hikal Pidilite United Phosphorus Accurex Biomedical Aico Biomark Laboratories Kadakia Filtra Catalysts Hindustan Insecticides Indiclay A few MNCs which are doing good as well.com/importprices/intermediates/index. Huntsman Advanced Materials Bayer MaterialScience Pricing of chemical products http://www. which can be taken up for analysis of their business and financial health.indian-chemicals.(I+II+III+IV+V) 9908379 5989604 6644586 7095895 7408191 7675622 7533991 Top Chemical Companies in India These are the top companies in Indian chemical industry.asp%3FPageNav%3DChemicals http://www.asp?llink=%2Fil_secure %2Fil_reports%2Frpt_find_matching_reports.
rock phosphate. naptha.Government Policy and Duties Concessions to Chemical Companies The Government has granted following concessions on demand of chemical companies during the recession period: 1. Carbon Black Anti Dumping duty $78-$195 per MT 3. Foreign Investment Policy in Chemical Sector In chemical sector. 100% FDI is permissible. The peak rate of Customs Duty on most Chemicals is 7. benzene. needs revision for the current year) Excise Duty On almost all chemicals the excise duty is 16% . 4. crude. Period of credit for exports was increased from 180 days to 270 days. Soda Ash Imposition of Safeguard Duty 20% b. On basic raw materials like acid grade fluorspar. 150% weighted deductions of expenditure on R&D for recognized R&D units.5% 2. Reduction of Excise Duty from 14%-10% and then from 10%-8%. ethylbenzene) (figures to year 2008. On most building blocks & feedstock the duty is 5% (ethylene. sulphur. toluene. Manufacture of most chemical products inter-alia covering organic / inorganic. 2. Only the following items are covered in the compulsory licensing list because of their hazardous nature. propylene. xylene. • Hydrocyanic acid & its derivatives • Phosgene & its derivatives • Isocynates & di-isocynates of hydrocarbons Customs Duty 1. The entrepreneurs need to submit only IEM with the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion. Anti dumping duty/Safeguards were imposed in respect of following: a. Caustic Soda Imposition of Safeguard Duty 15% c. dyestuffs & Pesticides is delicensed. natural borates is 5% 3.
need to research …. also referred to as petroleum.776 acres) zone with a refinery and adjacent petrochemical plants. • Opposition concerning rehabilitation of displaced people More developments took place. Each PCPIR would be housed in a 250 square kilometre (61. The central government had already shortlisted six sites across the country for development of these zones. Indian speciality chemical manufacturers' association To safeguard and further the interest of the speciality chemcials industry The dyestuffs manufacturers' association of india To Promote and Protect the Indian Trade. Chem & PetroChem investment regions (PCPIRs). However the progress has been slow with many states even reconsidering going with PCPIRs because of following reasons: • Impact that chemical plants would have on the local environment. The Government of India had plans to develop mega integrated refining and petrochemical sites. (CHEMEXCIL) Chemical & Allied Products Export Promotion Council Fertilizers Association of India Dyestuffs Manufacturers Association of India The Dyestuffs manufacturer's association of India. (DMAI) was set up in 1950 (Manufacture of dyes started in 1940). chemicals and petrochemical investment regions (PCPIRs).Commerce & Industry connected with Dyestuffs & Dyes Intermediates & to encourage freindly feeling & unanimity among them for the comman good. Chemicals Pharmaceuticals & Cosmetics Export Promotion Council.Developments over last year Petroleum. commerce & industrial connected with dyestuffs . Chemical Associations Chemical & alkali merchants' association To Bring Together Chemicals & Dyes Merchants' under one Umbrella for Advancement of their Common Causes Organisation of pharmaceutical producers of india To project & promote the interests of the Pharmaceutical Industry at national & International Levels. to promote & protect trade.
Members include both Indian companies with a global presence. Indian Chemical Manufacturers Association A recognized representative body of the Rs. abundant food.500 billion / US $ 16 billion Chemical Industry. and subsidiaries of multinationals. . fiber and maintenance for growing population in Indian sub-continental.Pesticides Manufacturers & Formulators Association of India To include basic technical grade manufacturers of pesticides to foster the interest of the general public and PMFAI's members by promoting innovations and environmentally sound use of crop protection / public health products so as to ensure high quality.