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SECTION 2

STRUCTURE AND WRITTEN EXPRESSION

Time: 25 minutes
This section is designed to measure your ability to recognize language that is appropriate for
standard written English. There are two types of questions in this section, with special directions for
each type.

Part A
Directions: Questions 1-15 are incomplete sentences. Four words or phrases, marked (A), (B), (C),
(D), are given beneath each sentence. You are to choose the one word or phrase that best completes
the sentence. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the problem and mark your answer.

Example I.
We got a lot of exercise during our holiday in the Swiss Alps ----- skiing every day.
(A) to (C) in
(B) by (D) on

In English, the sentence should read, We got a lot of exercise during our holiday in the Swiss Alps
by skiing every day. Therefore, you should choose (B).
Example II.
Los Angeles never gets snowstorms and Honolulu -----.
(A) is too. (C) isnt either.
(B) Does too. (D) doesnt either.

The sentence should read, Los Angeles never gets snowstorms and Honolulu doesnt either.
Therefore, you should choose (D).
As soon as you understand the directions, begin work on the problems.

1. My friend would not tell me ----- for his new car.


(A) how much he paid (C) how much did he pay
(B) how he paid much (D) how hed pay very much

2. The sign says that unauthorized persons were prohibited ----- that restricted area.
(A) entering (C) from entering
(B) to enter (D) not to enter

3. The reason for the traffic accident was ----- one of the drivers had lost control of his car.
(A) why (B) when (C) that (D) how

4. The Eiffel Tower is still ----- of the man-made structures in the world.
(A) a very high one (C) one of the highest
(B) highest one (D) the higher one

5. Our house ----- on a large plot of land.


(A) lies (C) rests
(B) sits (D) stands

6. The more people chopped down the trees, -----.


(A) the erosion became very bad
(B) the worse erosion became
(C) the erosion became much worse
(D) the worsening erosion caused much difficulty
7. Problems common to most countries include the social, economic and -----.
(A) politics (C) government
(B) political (D) of government

8. The corner market is ----- only until 8:30 pm.


(A) opening (C) opened
(B) opens (D) open

9. Corporal Jackson, you will obey this order ----- now!


(A) as (B) just (C) only (D) right

10. My friend said she is very eager ----- a real Hollywood star.
(A) to meet (C) for meeting
(B) in meeting (D) that she can meet

11. Dont worry about her; she just feels like staying home ----- tonight.
(A) lone (C) lonely
(B) alone (D) lonelier

12. Prior to our conference, the executive director had requested that everyone ----- well
prepared.
(A) is (C) was
(B) be (D) will be

13. Many ----- items are turned in to the railroad officials every week.
(A) lose (B) loss (C) lost (D) losing

14. Its been officially announced already that the new ship ----- to be named the Southern
Cross.
(A) is (B) can (C) will (D) does

15. The best way to get from Tokyo to Yokohama quickly is by -----.
(A) train (C) trains
(B) a train (D) some trains

Part B
Directions: In questions 16-40 each sentence has four words or phrases underlined. The four
underlined parts of the sentence are marked (A), (B), (C), (D). You are to identify the one
underlined word or phrase that should be corrected or rewritten. Then, on your answer sheet, find
the number of the problem and mark your answer.
Example I.
One of Mrs. Wilsons daughters doesnt play the piano as skillful as the other one
A B C
does.
D
Answer (C), the underlined adjective skillful, would not be accepted in carefully written English.
The adverb skillfully should be used instead. Therefore, the sentence should read: One of Mrs.
Wilsons daughters doesnt play the piano as skillfully as the other one does. To answer the
problem correctly, you would choose (C).

Example II.
The woman said she had saw the robbery take place on the previous day.
A B C D
Answer (B), the underlined phrase had saw, should not be used in carefully written English. The
form seen should be used after had. Therefore, the sentence should read, The woman said she had
seen the robbery take place on the previous day. To answer the problem correctly, you would
choose (B).

As soon as you understand the directions, begin work on the problems.

16. Randolph is the boy scored the winning points for his school basketball team.
A B C D
17. Henry likes to get up early tomorrow morning, to start fishing before the sun rises.
A B C D
18. The luxury cars in the showroom were quickly sold out, despite of their high prices.
A B C D
19. A professional sports team can be very profitable as long as too many people
A B C
buy tickets for every game.
D
20. Almost of the trees is this plantation have had to be cut down and burned as a result of
A B C D
the infestation.

21. If man were less greedy, more animal species could be avoided extinction.
A B C D

22. The police is holding four young men in jail and charging them with selling
A B C D
illegal drugs.

23. After we have finished supper, lets all go to downtown to see a movie.
A B C D

24. Looking in his mirror, Roy could see a bus following in the back of his car.
A B C D
25. Early Monday morning the director discovered that some valuable pieces of
A B C
equipment was missing from his laboratory.
D
26. It is very possible that the horses will frightened if there is suddenly a loud noise.
A B C D

27. It is often claimed that all good things come at last to he who is patient and
A B C
waits for them.
D
28. As you know that water is a compound produced from the reaction between
A B C D
hydrogen and oxygen.

29. The 12-year-old girl is more prettier than her older sisters.
A B C D
30. Jane was worried that the newsstand would have run out of copies of the
A B
evening paper by the time she got there, but she found that it still had very much
C D
left.

31. In no other country there are as many people as in China.


A B C D

32. The director eventually told the young actress that he would have her in the lead
A B C
female role of his new movie and none else.
D

33. To balance next years budget, the government needs either to increase taxes or
A B
it has to cut spending.
C D

34. Before going to abroad, Mr. Peters received special training to help him to do
A B C
his job better.
D

35. From a chemical standpoint, a number of materials would be suitable for our
A
purposes; for examples, take gold or silver, metals which are very stable but too
B C
expensive to be practical.
D

36. Some time next week, we will fix the roof, as well as painting the outside of the
A B C D
house.

37. Members of the US Congress like to meet often with the people who elect them,
A B C
so they return back to their communities regularly.
D

38. Suddenly, Kathrine gave a shriek and rushed into the kitchen, where she could
A B C
smell her cakes burn.
D

39. One of the fishermen was describing for the listeners around him how a huge
A B
large wave nearly turned his boat over.
C D

40. Richard Nixon resigned from his high office, still claimed that he had done
A B C
nothing wrong.
D